Everyone knows that cats can be divided into two groups: wild and domestic. You see the latter daily and know firsthand about them. But representatives of the cat, which can be called "wild cat." About them you probably heard relatively little. Today we will study these cats in detail.
1. African wild cat
Inhabits the steppe, desert, and in some places mountainous regions of the Front, Middle, and Central Asia, Africa, Northern India, Kazakhstan, and Transcaucasia. Very common in their habitats.
2. Bengal dwarf cat
He lives in East and South Asia. It is in danger of extinction, but in some places it has already become a rare species.
Lives on the island of Kalimantan. It is a rare and unexplored species.
Few have heard of the cheetah. This is the fastest wild cat and, in general, the terrestrial animal in the world. In the Middle Ages, cheetahs were spread throughout Asia, Africa and even Europe. But due to their subsequent mass destruction today, the habitats of cheetahs are only deaf and protected places in Africa.
5. Gobi cat
It inhabits grass steppes in the north-west of the Gobi Desert. Like the cat Borneo, is a poorly studied species.
6. Forest Wildcat
The habitat of these cats - deciduous and mixed forests. Due to deforestation in many European countries, this species has completely disappeared. Today there is a struggle for the preservation of unique wild forest cats.
7. Geoffroy Cat
It inhabits the entire territory from South Brazil to Patagonia. It is not known whether she has any enemies, and scientists are also in the dark about her reproduction. The specific epithet in the name of this cat is given in honor of the zoologist Etienne Geoffroy.
8. Golden cat
It lives mainly in the Congo Basin and in the surrounding areas. Due to the degradation of the forests of Equatorial Africa in 1996, only 10,000 adults remained in the world. Now in all countries, hunting for gold cats is prohibited.
It lives in Central and South Asia. Estimates of the number of this species due to its secretive lifestyle and difficult habitat are indicative, but it is reliably known that due to poaching its number decreases annually.
10. Iriomote cat
It lives only on the island Iriomote, which is located at a distance of 200 km east of Taiwan. Because of its small size (less than one hundred) and small habitat, this subspecies of the Bengal cat is listed in the International Red Book.
11. Reed cat
Distributed throughout Asia. Adapted to living in reed beds and thorny bushes. Was listed in the Red Book of Russia.
It is found in the deserts of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and Turkmenistan. Caracals have excellent hearing and hunt at night rodents, reptiles and small mammals. Asian subspecies of caracals are very rare and are considered endangered.
Who does not know the lion - the king of beasts? Males of this species can be distinguished by the long mane framing its neck. Lions are the only wild cats that live not alone, but in special groups - prides. Due to the decline in their numbers, lions are a vulnerable species.
It lives in Africa and East Asia. Leopard has long been considered a hybrid of a lion and a panther. Entered in the Red Book of IUCN and Russia as an endangered species.
15. Smoky Leopard
Distributed in southeast Asia. Smoky leopards live alone and in the thickets. This species is endangered - only three of its four subspecies remain.
Distributed in Central and Central Asia. In different territories, it belongs to rare, extremely rare and endangered animals.
Lives in the wet dense evergreen forests of South and Central America. Margins are endangered. Hunting them is prohibited everywhere.
It is found in the northeast of mainland South America. Not protected, but its number is very small.
19. Pampas cat
Lives on the plains of South America. It hunts mainly at night on rodents, birds and lizards.
Lives in the United States and Canada. Four subspecies of cougar listed in the IUCN Red Book.
21. Barchan cat
Lives in Western Europe and Central Asia. The total number of their populations is not known. Due to frequent hunting and deforestation, where they live, is listed in the IUCN Red Book.
It is found in tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia. Differs the ability to swim well and fish.
He lives in Scandinavia and beyond the Arctic Circle. Is protected by hunting for her beautiful skins.
Distributed throughout Africa. It is a threatened species.
25. Cat Temcinka
Lives in tropical forests of Southeast Asia. This is a rare species of cats that is endangered.
It is exclusively Asian. Tiger hunting is banned everywhere today. It is the largest cat in the world.
It lives in Central America. Today, this species is almost exterminated.
It is found in Central and South America. Not a protected species, although it has become rare in the southern United States.
That's all kinds of wild cats. As I said, the biggest of them is the tiger. "How much does a cat weigh?" - you ask. Answer: up to 320 kg. Imagine what a giant it is! But the vast majority of wild cats are on the verge of extinction. And if you want your descendants to live in the same era with them, try to preserve these magnificent animals that bear the proud title of "wild cat".
And a little about the secrets.
The story of one of our readers Irina Volodina:
My eyes were especially frustrating, surrounded by large wrinkles plus dark circles and swelling. How to remove wrinkles and bags under the eyes completely? How to cope with swelling and redness? But nothing is so old or young man as his eyes.
But how to rejuvenate them? Plastic surgery? I found out - no less than 5 thousand dollars. Hardware procedures - photorejuvenation, gas-liquid pilling, radio lifting, laser facelift? Slightly more accessible - the course is 1.5-2 thousand dollars. And when to find all this time? Yes, and still expensive. Especially now. Therefore, for myself, I chose another way.
Can you imagine a little tiger? Such a beautiful short-haired toy with a recognizable striped tiger color. Using the word "toy", we do not want to offend a beautiful animal. When breeding, Judy Sugden set out to create a mini-tiger from the genotype of a domestic cat crossed with a Bengal cat. The name of the breed is composed of two English words: “toy” and “tiger”.
Toyger introduced in 1993. To date, the breed is recognized by several international associations, but the process has not yet been completed. According to the breed standard, the cat should have an elongated low body, dense shiny fur with a clear striped pattern.
The head of the toyger should be decorated with circular marks, which do not exist in ordinary domestic cats.
There are special requirements for the color of fur. The background color should be brown, orange brown or golden brown. Strips are obliged to decorate not only the back, but also the stomach, and the chest, and the head, and even the ears. A prerequisite is the absence of longitudinal strips on the body of the animal. To the touch, the toyger fur should look like plush. Ideally, the sides of the muzzle are decorated with tanks. The shape of the ears of this breed is rounded, the eyes are small. They are slightly covered by overhanging eyelids.
Despite the wild look, the toyger is a very playful pet. He is sociable and non-aggressive, while strongly attached not only to the house in which he lives, but also to the owners.
Pardofelis marmorata, or marble cat, is a wild breed. This representative of the cat in its appearance resembles a smoky leopard, although it is slightly larger than a domestic cat. According to genetic expertise, direct relatives are the Kalimantan cat and the Asian golden cat. In 2002, it was listed as endangered species in the Red Book.
Description of appearance:
- Marble cat has a brown-gray color with a reddish tinge. Wool is decorated with black stripes.
- The shape of the head is rounded, short. The forehead is wide.
- The cat has large brown eyes.
- The legs are short, and the paw is rather wide.
- The tail is very fluffy, of great length, sometimes it may exceed the size of the body and head.
Not all rare breeds of wild cats can boast of these predatory ancestors. For example, representatives of the Ocicat breed are incredibly similar to wild ocelots. But they do not have the genes of these predators. The breed is bred entirely on the basis of pets. In the long list of grandparents you can find a Siamese, Abyssinian, American Shorthair cat.
Ocicats have light brownish-gray wool with elongated dark spots. The base of the tail, neck and head are decorated with rings and stripes.
This breed of cats is amazingly beautiful. It resembles a little leopard, not only in appearance, but also in habits. On the creation of this hybrid painstakingly worked in America. The first attempt at crossing a wild Bengal cat with an ordinary domestic Murchik occurred in 1961. American Jeanne Mill brought a wild kitten from a trip to Bangkok. He gave birth to very beautiful offspring, but most of him died of leukemia. It happened in every litter. Around 1976, the University of California took up the issue of breeding a new breed. Here managed to achieve the emergence of a viable breed of wild cats for domestic care.
Bengal cat turned out a little larger than the usual domestic breeds. She is agile, strong and graceful. But the most important quality for the owners is an extraordinary mind. The animal is considered the smartest feline breed. The Bengal cat has rounded paws and a smooth tail with an average length. The cat's muzzle is wide, and its large oval eyes are set wide apart. Eye color can be any, but if you were offered a colored cat with blue eyes, then it is not a Bengal breed. Blue eyes are only snow bengal. So called silver color, which is the rarest and most expensive in this domestic breed of wild cats. The ears of the animal are medium, but they are slightly bent forward, which is also considered a sign of the breed.
The hair of Bengal cat is thick and short. It glitters as if it was rubbed with a special tool. Regardless of the basic color, there are clear spots or sockets on the coat, the color of which can be either brown or black.
This is another hybrid obtained by crossing a predatory shrubby cat (serval) with domestic breeds. The savanna was developed around 1986. The work was carried out by lovers of the breed of large wild cats, so the result exceeds the size of ordinary pets. The first kittens were received by Patrick Kelly and Joyce Sroufe. Breed standards are approved by an international association, but they are recognized only in 2001.
At the withers the savanna can exceed 60 cm, and a unique pet weighs up to 15 kg. And in this case it is not about overfed, beloved pets, but about active, lean animals. The body of these cats is elongated, the neck is elongated, and the paws are rather long. The ears are large and round, because of them the head seems somewhat small. The coat is short, pleasant to the touch and very thick. Colors can be quite varied. There are brown, chocolate, golden and silver savanna. The hair of the breed is covered with numerous spots.
The wild domestic cat (savanna breed) is a bright representative of the struggle of opposites. She is both active and calm. The cat needs to move, she spends a lot of time on the street. But at the same time like a dog betrayed the owner. And savannas are not afraid of water at all.
In 2007, specialists were introduced to the wild breed of Asher cats. It was positioned as a large hypoallergenic pet, derived on the gene basis of African servals, Asian Bengal cats and domestic breeds. The price of a kitten reached 27 thousand dollars, an adult cat could be bought for 6 thousand.
Later it turned out that the new breed was not so new. An enterprising conman was just trying to cash in on his love for unusual pets. Breeder Chris Shirk suggested that the wild breed of cats, whose name is Ashera, does not exist, and the specimens presented are savannah cats from his cattery. To prove his guess, the breeder demanded a DNA test. The official examination exposed the swindler.
Already talked about several hybrids bred by crossing an African serval with other breeds. But it turns out that wild predatory servals can be kept at home in a pure, not hybrid form. If a serval is taken into the house by a kitten, he is well domesticated. But with such a pet you need to be careful. Although the animal becomes a devoted and affectionate pet, but it does not lose the reflexes and habits of predatory ancestors. By the way, servals are great swimmers. They are not afraid of water at all.
We have described breeds of domestic cats similar to wild ones. But our story was about large animals. Now imagine an adult fluffy animal that looks like a kitten all its life. This barchan cat, which is the smallest representative of wild cats. The body length of the baby along with the tail is about 80 cm. The maximum weight of an adult male is 3.5 kg, the females are somewhat less.
Barchan cats are well domesticated. They make pretty furry pets with curious wide muzzles. The head of the animal seems a bit flattened, and on the sides grow beautiful sideburns. The ears of a velvet cat are large, slightly pointed. The animal has a wonderful ear.
Many wild cat breeds look funny, not aggressive. These include the pixie bob obtained by crossing domestic cats with a short-tailed forest cat. Externally, the pixie-bob looks like a wild lynx. The breed is often confused with the Maine-Coon and domestic trot, but there is a slight difference - a short tail and a special look. The eyes of cats are set deep, their shape is similar to a closed triangle.
Among the peculiarities of the breed are many-paws. Animals with a similar deviation are even allowed to exhibit.
By the nature of pixie-bob is very similar to the dog. This is a clever and faithful animal, amenable to learning. He is attached to the host family and participates in her life, while not making special demands on the content.
Remember the beautiful panther from the cartoon Mowgli? Would you like to have such a home? Of course, a large predatory cat is not very suitable for home maintenance, but miniature bombing is just right! Mickey Harner worked for almost 20 years to create the breed, but the result was worth it. Mini panther bombay looks amazing. The animal has a blue-black shiny coat and bright orange eyes. The movements are smooth and graceful, like a real wild beast.
Breeds of wild cats can be very different. But oddly enough, they most often get sociable, unpretentious, loyal pets. The Shauzi breed, obtained as a result of crossing reed cats with domestic cats, was no exception. The animal turned out large, tall and heavy. An adult cat can weigh more than 15 kg.
For the breed is characterized by an elongated triangular shape of the head with a small muzzle. The ears are large, with a wide base and pointed ends. Often visible tassels. According to the standard, the tips of the ears and tail should be black. Wool wool has a unique structure. She has a very dense undercoat, and each hair is decorated with two noticeable dark stripes. From these strips there is a pattern on the legs and tail, and on the body it is almost not noticeable. Color can be black, gold, brown, silver. The chest and abdomen is always lighter than the back.
By nature, the breed is curious and energetic. Cats love to jump and master the height.
Every cat owner is sure that his pet is unique. But some animal breeds are actually unusual. If you like the feeling that a tame predator lives in your house, then start a cat breed that looks like wild animals.
Shorthair cat breeds
This cat breed is one of the most ancient. An Ethiopian beast (as it is also called beauty) is a cat of a rare mind and a rare obstinacy. The breed is famous for its exceptional colors - wild color, red (sorrel or cinnamon), blue and faun are characteristic of the Abyssinian. Ideally, every hair of her hair has a triple ticking. Photos of the descendants of the cat Zul, the first Abyssinian brought to Europe, do not convey the whole wild charm of representatives of this breed.
Australian smoky cat from the breed of cats, which can be called unique. Born in the homeland of a kangaroo in Australia, the Australian Mist took the best from his closest relatives - the Abyssinian cat, the Burmese cat, and simple non-pedigreed cats. The best, first of all, expressed in color. This is either a spotted coat or a marbled spotted with a common ticked background. Outside Australia, this breed practically does not occur.
American hair cat
Кошки одетые в «проволочные шубки» отличаются от американских короткошерстных кошек (о них – ниже) даже не качеством шерсти, а ее внешним видом.
Будучи на ощупь мягкой, внешне она кажется колючей и создает иллюзию проволоки. Часто «проволочный эффект» выражен не по всей шкурке, а сосредоточен вдоль хребта и хвоста.
Американская короткошерстная кошка
There are breeds of cats that can be called long-livers and the American Shorthair cat is one of them. The average life expectancy of an American is 15-20 years! The popular breed was recognized by Americans as early as the 17th century, but officially gained recognition only in 1904 thanks to the cat Buster Brown.
Today, Brown’s descendants have conquered not only America, where 100 specialized nurseries are already reciting, but also Japan, which does not lag behind American breeders.
All cat breeds have a story. In some, it is short and such breeds are most often artificially bred, while in others the history stretches into the past for several centuries. The same happened to the short-haired American bobtail, which is descended from cats living in Native American tepees. There is an opinion that these were not cats, but domesticated lynxes. Indeed, if you look at the pictures with the image of a short-tailed American bobtail, then there is clearly something of a trot in it!
If you compare popular breeds of cats with photos of cats of rare breeds, then the difference, sometimes noticeable only in the details, but these details are everything! So, the American curl had an important detail that seemed to be curled back. Moreover, a similar inversion is formed in American kittens not from the moment of birth, but only by 4 months of age.
In ancient times, the domestic cat of the Anatolian breed led a rather turbulent life on the Armenian Highland in the conditions around the Van Lake. Therefore, their genotype is closest to the “wild type” genotype. This is manifested (including) in that cats of this breed do not meow at all, imitating their wild brethren. They make "bird" sounds, so the Anatolian is also called "chirping" cats.
A cat from the Arabian Peninsula is elegant and graceful, long-legged and more. The deserted cat has remained a good hunter these days, but those who gave her shelter need to know that these cats do not know what to keep in their food and in order to prevent the Arabian Mau from becoming obese, we must especially make sure that the cat does not overeat.
The history of the Bengal breed is a story with a happy ending. Bangkok purrs were on the verge of extinction. One of these accidents was brought to America by geneticist Gene Mill. The cat was called Malaysia, she liked it in America, but Malaysia did not file the sight. She showed her abrupt temper in every possible way and only during heat flowed she let the neighbor's black cat to her. The fruit of their love and became Bengal kittens. Description bengalok similar to the description of the jaguar - the same predatory coloring, the same wild temper.
The little black panther was created by breeders for 23 years! The big eyes of these cats at birth have a blue color, then turn gray and, finally, acquire a yellow-orange shade. You need to know that the bombboy likes to chat, but since she also has a quiet voice, her talkativeness does not strain the loving owners.
Brazilian shorthair cat
We are used to the fact that breeds of cats with photos and names of breeds give us something unusual and unique. The Brazilian Shorthair cat stands apart from other aristocratic women, as it cannot boast a unique appearance. Yes, the Brazilian seems to be like any yard cat. But will any yard have the same piercing gaze of almond-shaped eyes and the same wedge-shaped head?
British shorthair cat
Strong, kind, courageous, dexterous, skillful - it's all about the British, one of the most popular breeds in the world. However, the owners of the British cat one and all celebrate her independent temper. No wonder the British called "cats for business." If you work a lot, if your day starts with a conference call at 7 am and ends with a quarterly report at 7 pm, then the British Shorthair is your pet. But keep in mind - the British are afraid of the cold. Therefore - no drafts and cold floors!
Burma come from Burma. According to legend, a couple of Europeans received a gift of two kittens of this breed in gratitude for their help in protecting the monastery from attack. It was in the middle of the 20th century. And in the 21st century, it is noticed that short-haired cats, similar to Burmese, live in Tibet. They have little hair, but many well-developed muscles and very expressive eyes.
If you look at the photos of cats and kittens of different breeds, you can assume how much effort the breeders spent to bring new standards. This does not apply to Burmilla! Bred breed was completely random. Just met two loneliness (crossed out), a Persian chinchilla and a purple Burmese cat, and they had 4 silver kittens, which happy breeders hurried to put in the cat catalog.
All so narrow, agile and spectacular, Havana loves to show off, attracting all the attention of others. Adult cats of this breed are distinguished by a uniform bright brown color. By the nature of the Havana - typical extroverts.
Devon Rex are curly-headed fruits like Cornish Rexes, but they have slightly different body features. For these traits they are often called aliens or elves. And you know? Deservedly! Rarely what cat can boast such intelligence as Devon Rex. They are unusually playful, while wise and loving. Their owners can wake up at night because Devon Rex simply kisses them. And the Devons know how to smile.
This is not a breed, but a poem. Egyptian Mau is different from all cats by the presence of the pattern in the form of the letter “M” above the eyes and the pattern in the form of the letter “W” at the level of the ears (it is called the “scarab”). In addition, the Egyptian Mau wears makeup - clear lines that emphasize the eyes and passing under the eyes and cheekbones. The most common coat color of representatives of this ancient breed is silver.
Russian blue cat seen? Korat is surprisingly similar to it, only the quality of wool is different. And yet, when a cat of this breed turns 4 years old, korats receive emerald green eyes as a gift from a good fairy. In combination with smoky wool, it makes an indelible impression.
Representatives of the Cornish Rex breed can be called Karakul cats, because their wool, devoid of guard hairs, is curled into a very dense wave. In general, the second word from the name, Rex, is common to all cats with wavy hair. This trait was the result of a gene mutation, and the breeders fixed it. Today we have a curly Cornish, which, being an exclusively domestic cat, does not like drafts, but loves to eat. Due to the special structure of the Cornish Rex's paws, the claws are not completely removed and the owner must often do a manicure for the cornish.
On the Isle of Man lived cats that did not have a tail. They lived until the absence of a tail was not noticed by cotogenetics. And having noticed, they began to form the Manx inhabitants into the breed, and they succeeded. It must be said that not all Manxes are born completely tailless. There are 4 classifications of Manx tails, ranging in size from 0 to XL.
Minskins today - one of the rarest breeds of cats, which is also called "cat-hobbit." Dwarf kitty has short legs, delicate hair with rexoid fur and suede skin. Minskin fans say this is a very sociable and social cat that easily tolerates travel and is ideally suited to those who love to travel.
German or Prussian Rex - one of the first curly rocks. German differs from Cornish and Devonians by its massive body and large features of the muzzle. The parents of the handsome Prussian are a Russian blue cat and an Angora cat.
Russian blue cat
Russian breed does not leave the ratings of the most famous breeds of cats. Her unusual color has become the hallmark of the Russian blue. Russian woman enjoys special love in Sweden, Finland, Norway, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. Plush wool and the excellent qualities of the Pied Piper allow Russian Blue to feel equally good both in an apartment and in a private house.
A big cat in wild spots and with a predatory gaze is a hybrid of a domestic pussy and an African serval. Savanna is like a wild animal and its manners - they are absolutely fearless, they are not afraid of dogs or water, and at the same time they love free-range walking. It is also worth noting their amazing, literally, dog loyalty to the owner.
How did a cat pooch become a cat aristocrat? Elementary, meow! To do this, she had to live on Asian streets without shelter, catch the eye of American tourists and risk going with them to unknown America. Today, Singapore is a small cat weighing up to 2 kilograms of either sable-brown color or ivory.
The Scottish straight-eared cat has a round muzzle, a graceful body and a long tail. Wasn’t she cinematic about her: “The cat has four legs, you can’t touch her for her long tail, long tail?”. But indeed, Scottish Strands hate familiarity, but at the same time they are quite friendly and tactful.
Scottish Folds are Scottish too, but are lop-eared. Their ancestor is the Scottish cat Suzy, who for some reason initially had unique ears. She gave this distinctive feature to her descendants. The rest of the folds are very similar to the straights, which we described above.
The Kenyan forest cat in ancestors has hadzonzo (wild cats of Kenya) themselves. From the Hadzonzo Kenyan forest cat got the tassels on the ears, the black tip of the tail and the ability to change eye color depending on the mood. So, if you see that the eyes of Sokok are blazing scarlet - run!
Toyger is a purely design project. So nice to see in the interior of a wild predator in mini format! The ideal toyger has a "butterfly" on the forehead and circle markings on the cheeks. The toy tiger is not yet a fully formed breed, it is possible that in a few years the toygers will be even more predatory in appearance cats.
Ceylon cat is unique if only because it is the only Italian cat breed. A not very long tail is compensated by very long claws, which a Ceylon cat, on occasion, necessarily releases into the work or into the body of the alleged offender.
Unlike Italy, America is famous for releasing and releasing new breeds of cats to the world. So, Chausi belongs to the breeds quite young. Chausi was based on a reed cat and a domestic cat. The offspring turned out to be healthy, large, tall, and took on the exterior of a wild cat, for which he is valued by fans.
It is said that France is a country of immigrants. This statement applies to cats. It is not exactly known whether the first gray cats arrived in Chartres from Syria or Iran, but it was the French who honed the breed, like a large diamond and the result was a real diamond - a large gray cat Chartreuse with honey-amber eyes.
Exotics - artificially bred breed, which, and it is obvious, resembles Persian cats, fell into the hands of a hairdresser. Because of the short hair, they are even jokingly called "Persian cats for the lazy." Another difference between the exotic shorthair and the long-haired exotic is the naive and even childish expression of the face. Resist the charm of this cat is impossible.
For some reason in the Middle Ages in Japan did not like cat tails, they say, where else to live dark spirits, if not in them? Fearing the influence of evil forces, the Japanese tried to choose a cat with a shorter tail. Based on this, the Japanese Shorthair bobtail is generally a bright person, because the length of its tail is only 12 centimeters, and that is twisted!
Longhair cat breeds
These cats never grow as giants, they are usually small or very small. Balinese were born in Thailand, but this does not prevent them from communicating perfectly with the whole world. Such an open cat, seeking to love and be loved, still have to look!
Cat breed Cymric come from Canada. Some consider it a long-haired variant of the Manxes, but Canadians are sure that they have their own breed and it has the right to exist! Chunky, muscular and rounded are the main characteristics of the Cymric breed. And they are trained and easy to bathe, because they just love water and water treatments.
This is the Russian version of the short-tailed cat. Tail-pompon, frost resistance and dog habits - this is the unofficial standard of the Kurilian bobtail breed. The length of the tail of each member of the breed is different, traditionally varies from 2 to 8 vertebrae. The lack of a tail at all is a disqualification sign.
Again rex breed of cats with wavy hair. Laperm is both American blood and oriental spices. In addition to curly hair, breeders note the silence of laper. These are not those cats that wake you up in the morning with deep-sighted cries, but those that are pulled out of their sleep by gentle rubbing about the host.
The smiling cat is a munchkin cat. Its length is three times shorter than the length of the body. A dachshund cat sometimes behaves like a kangaroo cat - it sits on short hind legs and supports its body with a strong tail. Munchkins reached our open spaces only in 2001 and so far Munchkins do not enjoy particular popularity.
Maine Coon - the aboriginal breed of the United States of America. Because of their color, body size, and tail size, farm cats resembled raccoons to Americans, which is why they were called raccoon cats, and they were not offended. By the way, the first official Maine Coon was named Captain-Jenks-of-the-sea-cavalry. It was he who represented the breed at exhibitions in 1861
Neva Masquerade Cat
The color-point color and bright blue eyes are a portrait of the cat queen of beauty. A little Siberian cat, a little Siamese - we get a lot (5 kilograms) of the Neva Masquerade. The mask on the face gave this breed a carnival name. The owners, however, note that the Neva Masquerade never weaves intrigue, is absolutely not vindictive, and completely ignores the banal "kitty, kitty." Only by name and patronymic and through "madam"!
Nibelungs are still very rare, although they are considered a long-haired variant of the popular Russian blue cat. They got their name from the nebulae (him. Nebel - fog) of the medieval German epic “Song of the Nibelungen”.
Norwegian Forest Cat
This is the official Norwegian breed. It is believed that the Norwegian forest cat is descended from ... Angora, which was brought to a harsh country by travelers. The pampered beauty had nothing to do, how to begin to hunt, fish and fight for survival. She succeeded in this and today the Norwegian Forest is a cat that is not afraid of either water or cold because of its “double” wool and knows how to get along with any Viking offspring.
They say that Orientals have a nasty voice. It is difficult to argue with this statement, one can only be glad for the consistency of the nature of the Oriental cat - just because she does not give a voice. A graceful, graceful, sophisticated cat speaks only to the point. And if possible, she could tell that the myth that the Orientals spoil the curtains is almost without foundation. Yes, they love to swing on curtains, but only at a young age. Growing up, the oriental cat chooses other entertainment.
The short-tailed elf is a cat that looks like a lynx. The breed was bred artificially in 1995. Heavy bones, powerful paws, short tail and predatory spots confirm that the selection was a success! I am glad that the artificially bred breed pixie bob turned out to be extremely healthy and practically has no hereditary diseases.
The name of this breed is translated funny - rag doll. So charming cats have been nicknamed because of the reduced muscle tone inherent in all cats and cats regdollom. Puppet cats do not tolerate loneliness, so leaving them at home while on vacation is not an option. But on a leash with the owner, they feel great even in a car, even on a rickshaw's seat.
Only the sacred breed of cats is peculiar to Burmese color - white legs with point color of long wool. The sacred cat of Burma with dignity wears white gloves and socks. At the same time, the eyes of the Burmese are exclusively blue, the color of the summer cloudless sky. The well-known billionaire gave the life to the breed and since then it is believed that sacred burma has particularly good manners.
Siberian appeared and developed in the territory of the Urals and in Siberia. Naturally, climate influenced its data. The wool of the Siberian cat does not pass moisture and does not get wet. She easily tolerates frosts and remains a kitten for a long time. Siberians and Siberians grow up only to the age of five. Many people love this breed for the fact that it is almost the only among the semi-long-haired, which is considered to be hypoallergenic.
Snow Shu (born Snowshoe - "snow slipper) - was born in the American nursery. Graceful cats have a nice temper and charming appearance. Далеко не все котята в помете получаются идеальными, но те, кто взял лучшие качества сноу-шу, становятся эталонами кошачьей красоты.
Про эту породу можно сказать – признана всеми! Привезенная в мир из византийского города Ангора еще в 16 веке, кошка ангора так покорила всех, что долгое время европейцы всех белых котов называли ангорками. Кстати, в Турции по сей день действует программа по защите ангорской кошки, ведь она считается национальным богатством страны. Turkish Angora is also a cat long-liver. 13, 15, 20 years is the norm for her.
British journalists in the middle of the last century brought two kittens of this breed of Van breed from Turkey. The kittens were called Van Attila (boy) and Van Guzeli Iskenderun (girl). Van Guzeli was amazed by experts with a fur coat of red and white Van color. Today, only classic red-white / creamy-white Van colors are recognized, or black-white / blue-white, turtle-white Van colors are also acceptable.
Scottish Fold Longhair cat appeared quite recently and she immediately had to defend its right to breed. The breeders wondered if there were only folds, straights and Britons in the pedigree, then where did the long-haired kittens come from? However, the Highland fold alone dispelled all doubts - to be a long-haired Scot!
Longhair cat breeds
The Himalayan color-point is very similar to the Persian cat, but the latter never has a colorpoint. Another difference from the Persian cat - the Himalayan cat is more agile and playful. Longhair cats miss decorating the world with themselves and they gladly run after the sunny bunny.
Oh, the oldest and most popular! Yes, the creature that leads its genus from the Shakherizada cat should be treated with special reverence. A snub-nosed cat picks up its nose for any reason and does not like bustle around itself. According to the standard, about 100 species of Persian cats are known, but all these cats are similar in addition - they are strong and massive.
Bald cat breeds
You will be surprised, but the breed is considered native. Barbara kitten, picked up by a kind man on one of the streets of Rostov-on-Don, unwittingly, laid the history of the breed. Don type hairlessness is divided into four types: naked (or plasticine), flock, velor and brush. Most often rubber (naked) cats are bareborn.
Canadian Sphynx has no starvation. And the absolute nude among them are not found. But there are kittens that easily jump up to 1 meter from their youth, and having grown up - almost one and a half meters! It is noted that Canadian sphinxes have a very good memory and are easy to train.
Peterbald or Petersburg sphinx
A long muzzle, large, divorced ears, flat cheekbones and an elegant body on high legs are St. Petersburg cat. According to the types of skin cover, specialists are distinguished: brush, brush-point, velor, flock, naked peterbolds, and straight-woolen variation.
Not only is it naked, so also lop-eared! Well, all 33 cat food! Breed this breed began in 2000, and the first representative of the Ukrainian Levkoy breed was born in 2004 and his name was Levkoy Primero. One can argue about the nyashnost of this breed, but one can not disagree with the fact that the Ukrainian Levka is very cosmic and organic. Many believe that this is the cat of the future.
So we listed all the breeds of cats with photos that you needed to know about. Share in the comments what breed is your favorite.
Photo of lions
Probably it will not be a mistake if I say that the most popular wild cat is a lion. no wonder he is called the king of beasts.
The lion lives in Africa and in India. Few people know, but in India there is a reserve in the state of Gujarat which is called the Gyr Forest. So in this reserve a small population of Indian lions is preserved.
Lions are the only cats that live in packs all the time. For example, cheetahs may temporarily unite in small groups, for example, three individuals. And lions constantly live in a team, a pack of lions is called pride.
Of all cats, and perhaps of all predators, lions are distinguished by a mane.
These large cats have pronounced sexual dimorphism. What does it mean? In fact, everything is very simple, in lions, boys and girls are very different from each other, not only internally, but also externally. Lionesses do not have such a magnificent mane.
Lionesses occupy a subordinate position in the pack. Mostly they hunt and the food of the pack depends on the lioness
See photos of the lioness (many beautiful photos).
By the way, the relationship inside the pride is very cruel. All the same, the lion is a predator.
Photo of a cheetah
In the expanses of Africa, the cheetah is a food competitor of a lion. The fastest predator is the cheetah. He is able to reach a speed of about 110 km / h.
Although at this speed the cheetah is not able to overcome long distances, as it gets tired quickly, but suddenly making a lightning jerk from an ambush is his trump card.
The cheetah, like many wild cats, has a very beautiful coat. She also helps him to disguise himself in the thickets and quietly sneak up on the victim.
The body of a cheetah is more like a greyhound dog than a cat. And anatomically, the cheetah has many canine symptoms. He even has a character like a dog, he easily tames and becomes attached to people.
See more photos of cheetah.
Servals also live in Africa. Although they are not large, they compete with cheetahs. Yes, and may simply be their prey probably.
Serval is a cat with big ears. She loves to dwell in the thickets of small vegetation, therefore she is called a shrubby cat.
In the thickets of the bush Serval perfectly disguises his color.
Like the cheetah, the serval is tamed. He is even kept in the apartments as a pet.
Caracal lives in the deserts of Africa and Asia. Therefore, caracal is also called the desert lynx, and outwardly it looks like a lynx.
The name Caracal is derived from the Turkish word karakulak, which is disguised as “black ear”. Caracal's ears are really black.
Despite the resemblance to the trot, genetically caracal closer to the serval. In captivity, cats interbreed.
Further studying the wild cats of Africa, turn our attention to the leopard.
Although the leopard is a large predator, it is inferior in size to lions and tigers. And the inferior is not small.
The main habitat of the leopard is Africa, although it can be found in Asia, up to China. But only in Africa its population is in a normal state, if so it is possible to write about an animal from the Red Book
Photos of tigers
So, moving closer to Asia, pay attention to the tigers - this is one of the symbols of Asia.
The wild tiger is one of the most formidable predators. Live and hunt singly. Only during the mating season can the female and male hunt together.
Now let's move to South America. Here the largest representative of the cat family - the jaguar.
The jaguar has a magnificent color, something similar to the color of the leopard. Outwardly, these cats are very similar.
In nature, there are black jaguars. This is not a separate species, but an unusual color option.
Indians sylogy legends about these cats, giving them mystical abilities.
Another cat whose habitat is located mainly in South America is the jaguarundi. This cat lives in savannas and leads a rather hidden lifestyle.
Yaguarundi dark color.
Externally, the jaguarundi resembles a mixture of a cat and a caress, the shape of the animal is very elegant and graceful. Jaguarundi hunts during the day.
America's other big wild cat is puma. It lives in North America and is a very common predator there.
Puma has many names, other names: cougar, mountain lion, and even the red tiger.
And indeed, the cougar with pleasure lives in the highlands.
And now let's go back to Europe. There is a lynx.
Charming forest predator can be tamed and live at home.
The smallest cat in this collection is manul. A rare wild cat remains a mystery, largely due to its secrecy and rarely population. One manul occupies a very large hunting area.
Although his appearance is quite impressive, especially in winter, when his fluffy winter coat makes him visually larger, but he is just like a regular domestic cat.
Manulas are not tamed. They can live in a valier, but they will not become tame animals. Keeping them at home is generally illegal, as the species is dying out and is listed in the Red Book.
Many wildcats are becoming increasingly rare due to population growth. People destroy habitats, fodder base and simply poach.