In order for the yolk to completely dissolve, the first feeding of the goslings should occur as soon as the plumage has dried. As feed, crushed corn mixed with wheat, soybean or sunflower meal with the addition of chopped eggs or low-fat cottage cheese is used. But the basis of the diet is still the grass that they consume from the first days of life. Chopped green clover, dandelions, onions, garlic, nettle will do for this. In addition to the question of how to feed the little goslings at home, you should pay attention to the feeding regime. The first days of the kids eat 8 times a day every few hours. It is better to use for this shallow dishes with bumpers and a dark bottom.
The water in the water bowl of babies should be boiled!
A week later
At this age, chicks enough to eat 5-6 times a day. In the diet add:
- grated carrot - a source of carotene,
- crushed peas - a source of protein
- fish oil - the source of Omega 3,
- trembling rich in B vitamins
- bone meal is a source of protein.
Before feeding weekly goslings, you need to prepare for them to drink. Now add water in a small amount of potassium permanganate.
Two weeks of age
During this period of development, masters are added to the diet. Cook them from boiled vegetables - carrots, beets, potatoes, etc.
Bags must be crumbly, so that the liquid consistency does not clog the respiratory tract of birds!
It is useful to add compound feed to the brood diet. In addition, chicks need gravel for proper digestion, as well as chalk, sand, crushed shells,
Salt is now added to the already formed menu of chicks, you can leave a little chop for the night. The number of feedings is reduced to 3-4 times a day. At this age, kids can begin to let go for walks, preferably on the territory with suitable grass. If you follow these simple instructions, then the breeder will not have problems with how to feed the goslings at home.
Content of goslings
If the chicks grow without a hen, it is important to maintain a stable temperature of 28 - 30 ° C.
Goslings have no own thermoregulation during the first 10 days!
If the babies are cold, they stay close to each other and hardly eat, and if it is hot, they drink a lot and keep their beaks open.
An important role in feeding and keeping goslings for the first 3 weeks is played by the cleanliness of the room. Utensils with bumpers are needed so that the chicks do not trample food. All food scattered on the floor must be carefully removed, otherwise the kids will eat sour food. It is advisable to update litter twice a week. In the cool time of the year, the house is aired several times a day, and in the warm one around the clock. Newborn goslings are kept around the clock, gradually muffling the light at night. This mode will provide kids a good appetite and normal activity.
Another important factor when feeding and keeping goslings is the first 3 weeks of life - the feathers of babies should be dry. During this period, the feathers grow in babies, and if they are wet, their weight can shift the joints. In this case, the wing will be turned outwards.
This is also interesting!
Geese are very popular bird species on private farms and farms. Many poultry owners prefer not to buy ready-made goslings, but to breed them themselves. But inexperienced poultry farmers have little idea what to do after the babies hatched from the eggs, and most importantly, how to feed them now to keep the brood intact, strengthen the immune system and build good health for the future.
How to make the right menu?
Geese are therefore attractive to breeders because care for them is not particularly difficult, even when it comes to newborn chicks. As for feeding, the main focus should be on the freshness of food and clean dishes. Little goslings are most at risk of gastrointestinal diseases.
The room for children should be clean and dry. Drinking bowls, feeders need to be washed after each meal, otherwise its residues will turn sour and inevitably cause food poisoning in chicks. In addition to the disruption of the digestive system, juveniles are very sensitive to other pathologies. And to prevent the development of disease and strengthen the growing body can only be a correct balanced diet.
Menu for goslings on the first day
Just like chicks were born, using an incubator or by naturally incubating with a goose, is not important. Their diet is almost the same.
Attention! The first feeding occurs as soon as the newborn dries. It is very important for the resorption of residual yellow body.
Early fed goslings grow faster, their survival rate is much higher. The very first menu of chicks consists of a crumbled boiled egg, a small amount of greenery, corn grits, crushed grain. But the main component of the diet of newborns is fresh grass, it should be at least 50% of the total feed. And the voracious crumbs gladly absorb it, not having time to be born. This is not surprising, because geese are herbivores. Some poultry farmers put young people immediately in a paddock for walking. so that from the first hours they could pinch a green delicacy on their own.
The number of feedings per day should be at least eight. It is more convenient to lay out food on a flat surface (pallet, piece of plywood, etc.). So the little ones won't trample her. Be sure to have fresh water.
Attention! For newborns goslings water should be boiled and always fresh!
Unlike chickens, goslings should not be given fermented milk products, this causes fermentation in the intestines, the chick will begin to vilify and die.
The diet of weekly goslings
Upon reaching the age of seven days, the frequency of feeding babies is reduced to 6 times per day. Portions increase, the crushed egg is removed from them and nutritious food is added on a nourishing protein basis. Here it will be most welcome to the pea with its rich protein content. For cooking peas it is soaked in advance, and then passed through a meat grinder. The high protein content in the diet stimulates rapid growth and weight gain in chicks.
The French adore the liver and their goose pate is famous throughout the world. Therefore, fattening them with peas of geese is a mandatory procedure. And even not quite comfortable for the bird: it is put in a special vice and force-fed. But, of course, you should not resort to such radical methods, if you are not going to grow the liver of the goose to enormous size - he himself will be happy to absorb pea mash.
In addition to protein foods, weekly chicks need vitamin D (fish oil) and bone meal. Vitamins and minerals are important for a growing body, not less protein to grow properly.
If up to seven days of life the goslings are watered only with boiled water, then in the second week some manganese is added to it. The portion of feed is increased by one third in comparison with newborn crumbs. Combined feeds are introduced as complementary foods. PK-5 has proven itself well - it is an excellent balanced diet especially for avian young (1-5 weeks). Compound feed provides goslings in full with all mineral and vitamin supplements.
Diet 2 week goslings
From the second week the main menu remains the same peas, as well as greens. For a change, enrichment with vitamins and increase in nutritional value the forage is diluted with a mash. Prepare it from root crops: beets, potatoes, carrots. The mixture must be crumbly and not liquid (the paste-like consistency can clog the nasal airways, which is dangerous for the lives of babies).
The mixer is given freshly prepared, and its remnants are removed half an hour after feeding to the bird's “table”. Otherwise, the talker quickly turns sour. Such a wet dish should go into dinner goslings no more than 2 times a day. In addition, it is necessary to add a little cottage cheese to the food, always fresh. Since the chicks during this period are intensive in growth, it is time to give them raw grated vegetables, it enriches the body with vitamins. Do not forget to crush chalk and some seashells.
Water cups should not be too high so that the crumbs could not only drink, but also wash their noses. At the age of 3 weeks, goslings can start walking. Corral should be done separately from adult birds, small size. In order for young people to learn how to get pasture, they are temporarily stopped feeding. After they have devastated the proposed green lawn, you can do the feeding with combined and crushed feeds.
Heavy, adult food begins to be introduced gradually, at first no more than a quarter of the daily feed dose, which is no longer divided into 6, but into 3 feedings per day. In food, chicks are not limited, leaving them food at night. With the start of walking, the goslings increase their appetite, and they will visit the feeder even at night.
Starting from 3 weeks, the emphasis in the diet of chicks is on high calorie content. Be sure to select the menu grain, but not in a dry form, but as part of feed. The use of fish oil and vitamins is indispensable. Starts walking to the pond so that the gooses begin to use algae for food.
Diet of monthly goslings
The chicks have successfully crossed the life line of 1 month, now they are ready to spend most of the day in the pen. The number of feedings remains the same - 3 times a day. The menu consists of pea talkers, grains, mash of vegetables. Green vitamins grown chicks themselves get on the free pasture. If there is no pasture for birds, you will have to mow the grass - this is an extremely important part of the goslings ration. In addition, the food goes:
- chalk additives,
- crushed shells,
- wheat bran,
- small amount of salt.
Geese are omnivorous and are not capricious in food, but the needs of growing organisms must be taken into account when drafting a diet. During this period, many poultry farmers donate from their table leftovers in the form of bread crusts and other food. It is quite permissible, geese gladly eat people food.
Attention! Remains from the master table must be fresh! It is impossible to feed the bird with sour food - this will immediately affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract and overall health.
Care for weak chicks
When there are goslings with poor health in the brood, they should be kept separately fortified with food. To do this, fresh milk, chicken yolk, a bit of sugar and an antibiotic (penicillin, biocin) are mixed until homogeneous and fed crumbs. Antibiotics prevent the development of infection and fight depleted health. The mixture is given to babies until they finally get stronger and catch up in the development of their fellows. No need to fear the use of antibiotics. They can be the only saving straw for the survival of weak birds. And the remnants of the medicine will come out without a trace before reaching the geese of adult age. But it’s not worth experimenting with folk remedies - this can cause the death of the crumbs.
For weakened goslings it is important to observe the following norms:
- The first days of stay in the sun is not> 10 minutes (there is a risk of heat stroke, which is extremely dangerous for kids).
- The temperature level in the room for weakened chicks is 22-23C.
- Obligatory round-the-clock availability of boiled fresh water (to exclude dehydration, disease and death of goslings).
Many poultry farmers with extensive experience in breeding geese recommend that they maintain the health of their babies with baitril antibiotic. It is used for healthy chicks for prevention. Also suitable crushed tablets metronidazole or furazolidone. For weakened geese prepare the mixture at the rate of 2 tablets per 1 liter of water. For healthy - 1 pill for the same volume of liquid. The prepared solution is simply poured into drinkers to quench their thirst.
Feeding the goslings on the first day
For young individuals, ground grain is best suited as feed. Such food is maximally well absorbed by goslings and is the source of all necessary substances. Once again we emphasize that the balance of nutrition is the key to rapid growth and weight gain. In addition to the feed itself, goslings are given to eat silage, root crops, grass meal, and also greens on pastures.
As soon as the gosling was born and dried, it must be fed. Feeding in the first three days produced 7 times a day. Special mixtures are made that consist of cottage cheese, bran, boiled eggs, cereals and steamed peas, and goslings are fed on peas and cereal porridges in milk or salmon.
Feeding the goslings in the first days of life
Half the amount of goose ration in the first days of life - must be greens, which are harvested fresh, crushed into small pieces and added to food. Keep the greens is not recommended, as it loses all its useful properties and will not bring the expected effect.
If for some reason the gosling is sick or weak, then you can make a nutritious cocktail, which consists of egg yolk, sugar and antibiotic (depending on the causes of the disease), which are stirred in milk until it is homogeneous. Give this mixture up until the gosling does not go on the mend.
After 3 days have passed since the birth, you can gradually give the geese beets, carrots, cottage cheese, meat and bone meal and fish meal and oilcake. It is known that if you feed goslings of 15 g of cottage cheese with a flour mixture daily, the increase in body weight will increase to 80 g per day.
The amount of wet food for one meal should be such that the goslings could eat it in 30 minutes. Otherwise, the food turns sour, and upon further use by the bird causes various digestive problems. This is especially true for young individuals of the first month of life. The consistency of wet food should be such that, when compressed by his hand, it does not stick together, but crumble freely. The wrong consistency leads to the fact that the nostrils of the goslings become clogged with a sticky mass, which causes various diseases of the nasal passages.
Feeding goslings from the first days of feed: Only on the first day of life, goslings feed from special feeders-baking trays, and from the second day they eat from common feeders. Next to the main feeder should be a container with a shell, chalk and gravel. Also surely the goslings should have water in which a weak solution of potassium permanganate is diluted. This measure is carried out from the second week of life, and is intended for preventive purposes.
Starting from about 10 days of life, the number of feedings will begin to decrease to 5, in 20 days 4 feedings will remain, and, accordingly, when reaching 1 month - there will be 3 feedings. they need only in the evening.
With a shortage of vitamins (most often in early spring), which goslings get with grass, you need to add to the feed of young individuals yeast, fish oil and grass meal. This will make up for the shortage of essential substances and not slow down the growth and development of birds.
Proper maintenance and feeding of newborns, weekly and monthly goslings at home
Incubation of a goose egg lasts a standard 30 days. The temperature during the incubation period is maintained around 38 degrees. But sooner or later, the newborn babies will leave the warm, cozy incubator, and then there will be a question of further content.
The temperature regime is most important for goslings in the first 10 days, Since thermoregulation is not yet developed and the body does not keep warmth, it is impossible to keep little goslings on the street. This leads to loss of heat and the risk of loss of brood. In order to avoid such incidents, the temperature must be maintained artificially and sufficiently high.
Temperature and care for offspring grown in an incubator in the first days of life
The first three days are heated more intensely. The temperature is maintained around 28-30 degrees. The temperature will be comfortable for goslings if:
- kids spend most of their time around the feeder,
- resting on the litter without trying to curl up more compactly at the heat source,
- chicks have a normal appetite and thirst.
Then by the 3rd week the temperature is gradually reduced to 20 degrees, or even 18. In terms of temperature, geese are more adapted to the environment. Unlike other poultry, the goslings have a shorter heating period, only 20-30 days.
If the heater is not enough and the temperature is below the required, you can use infrared lamps (fix at an angle).
Warm air is very pleasant, but do not forget that any heater dries the air, which means you need to take care of humidity. Humidity index, the first 10 (15) days, should not be less than 70%, then you need to reduce to 60%.
To maintain the required level of humidity, it is necessary to spray the floor of the room in which the animals live, and if necessary to lower the level of humidity, they resort to airing.
Incubator goose eggs waiting to hatch
Offspring grown by natural means (hen)
A hen heats and protects eggs throughout the entire period of hatching. If the incubator turns the eggs on average once every two hours, the hen makes it up to 50 times a day, which is 4 times more often. Результат её стараний виден сразу — вывод молодняка выше. Температура и влажность под гусыней оптимальна для яиц.
Природой заложено так что наседка обеспечивает равномерный прогрев, периодическую вентиляцию и не пересушивает яйца. Но, как и везде есть один минус — под гусыню можно положить не более 15 яиц, иначе качество высиживания падает.
Доверив высиживание наседке останется только позаботиться о самой птичке. It is necessary to provide free access to food, water and the opportunity to swim. There were cases when especially impressionable hens were afraid to get off the nest and walk to the feeder, which could lead to the death of the hen if not for forced feeding.
The importance of daylight for chicks up to a month
Regardless of how the chicks were bred, it should be noted that the length of daylight directly affects development, the intensity of weight gain and the health of the goslings.
The first days (about 7 days) should provide round-the-clock coverage of the chicks' dwelling, This will allow you to quickly get used to and easily find food and water. It’s still worth dividing day and night, even if you do not turn off the light, but only by muffling, but there should be a difference.
After a week, daylight hours can be reduced to 16-17 hours. But not sharply, but gradually, daily to reduce the time of intense illumination by about 30-40 minutes. Bringing the period of the day to 16-17 hours, you can adhere to this schedule until sending for slaughter.
Hatching goslings. First day of life
When should chicks fledge?
Goslings have a feathering gradually. From the moment of hatching to full plumage takes about 75-80 days.
The first 20 days the babies walk covered with a fluff, the next 10 days can be observed as tail feathers appear (on the tail), after another 10 days the wings are fledged, these feathers are called terry feathers, then gradually and more or less evenly by 2-3 months full plumage occurs .
How to feed and water daily goslings
So, the goslings hatched, feeders and water at the ready, the room is warm and light, but how to fill the feeders? The period of feeding in goslings begins immediately after they have dried.
First feeding should consist of food already familiar to their body - this is egg yolk. The yolk should be cooked hard-boiled, slightly diluted with boiled water and thoroughly ground. This is the diet for the first 3-4 days. Then you can offer young green onions. It should be thoroughly chopped and mixed with the yolk. If the pieces are larger than 2-3 millimeters, the goslings may not swallow the food.
Weekly and two-week lures. The first 10 days of babies are fed at least 7 times a day, making a break for the night. After some time (a week and a half), you can begin to enter high-calorie feed, about 15% of the total diet.
Food should be rich in fiber, it can be:
- mixer from:
finely chopped eggs,
- boiled cereals (wheat, corn, millet),
- boiled potatoes (not more than 10% of the daily value).
Complementary food at the age of 1 month. Closer to the month old, you can begin to practice walking and feeding in the fields (pens). For this it is important to choose a place where the grass is not trampled and not eaten. Geese themselves will find themselves suitable leaves or roots. In this case, you can completely abandon the additional dry food. It is important to consider that greens should form the basis of the diet.
Under the condition of a normal reaction to food, you can begin to feed goslings with beets, carrots and pumpkin already from 4 weeks of age, fresh vegetables are rich in vitamins and microelements, which will only benefit.
The period from 4 to 8 weeks will determine the profitability of the whole idea with the breeding of geese. Starting from the 4th week of life, the goose body is already accustomed to different calorie and not very good food, which means that it is ready to absorb and grow. The basis of weight gain is the core of the grain (a storehouse of calories and flour). If you do not skimp on this, albeit expensive, but very effective food, then the kids will gain 2-3 kg per month exactly and as a result - a high weight gain for a shorter period of maintenance.
It does not hurt to pay attention to the especially beloved food, try to give the food that they love and add various high-calorie supplements there (bone meal, wheat flour, vitamins). You can give sunflower cake, mixed with their usual food in the ratio of about 25 grams of cake per 100 grams of feed (1 time in 3 days, otherwise there is a risk of indigestion)
Table of norms of feed for goslings of different ages
Food largely determines the proper cultivation of geese. It is important to take into account the need of the body and ensure the supply of sufficient amounts of vitamins and other nutrients and food. To do this, there are recommendations for the daily diet and feeding schedule: the daily volume of fresh herbs should not be less than 2 kg per goose.
Approximate consumption rates of greens and grain per individual (daily calculation)
The daily feeding schedule during the cold season looks like this:
- 6-7 hours - ⅓ norms of grain and dry flour mixture,
- 14-15 hours - feed mixture with the addition of vegetables: sugar beet (chopped), wrinkled boiled potatoes, etc.,
- 19-20 hours - ⅔ norms of grain with a dry flour mixture.
In addition to beets and potatoes, you can dilute the diet with such products as:
- vitamin hay or dust,
- flour (fish, meat and bone),
- mineral feed,
- pickled peas
- flaxseed, sunflower, soybean meal,
- boiled and chopped fish,
- cottage cheese,
River sand and gravel should become an obligatory ingredient, they should be poured directly into the feeders. Plus be sure to water the kids.
The daily feeding schedule in the warm season is much simpler, the basic ration is greens, which they themselves find, you can additionally feed them with fresh chopped vegetables (vegetable waste), 50-70 grams per head per day will be more than enough.
Adult geese in the pen
Euphorbia and nettle: what kind of grass can I give?
Adult geese by smell can identify dangerous grass and get around it, but young individuals can sometimes be mistaken. and eat a leaf of another dangerous weed, what will make your digestive problems and poisoning. To prevent such problems, you should fence access of the young to the forbidden plants, as well as should be protected from eating green potatoes and potato tops.
- young nettles, especially freshly harvested (but can be replaced with ascorbic, a teaspoon per liter of water),
- beet leaves
- carrot tops,
- wheat grass
- bluegrass meadow,
- young oats and rye,
- swamp duckweed
Dangerous plants for geese:
Should I give fish oil and how?
Fish oil to give goslings can and should be. It is especially necessary during the period when it is not possible to give juicy feed to the bird. Fish oil replenishes vitamin deficiencies.
Trivit and tetravin preparations are provided for poultry feeding, feeding recommendations are indicated in the instructions for use. It will be necessary to know exactly the age of the goslings for the calculation of the norm. It turns out about 1.5-2%.
Adult geese on a walk in the pen
Diseases of two weeks geese
Diseases related to geese can be divided into several categories.
- Non-contagious diseases These include beriberi, rickets, diarrhea and the like. For the treatment of such diseases, it is necessary to look for the cause in the mode of the day and the diet and content. They can manifest themselves in one or several individuals, but the epidemics should not be expected, as they are not contagious.
- Genital diseases, it is yolk peritonitis, it is treated with careful care of the reproductive system and careful care.
- Infectious diseases, such as: aspergillosis, salmonellosis, cholera and others. Such diseases are either difficult to treat or not curable and one must be prepared to kill all infected birds and thoroughly disinfect the room where the geese lived.
- Diseases caused by parasites. Whether it is skin parasites or living inside the body, it is necessary and desirable to carry out more preventive actions to get rid of them.
- Diseases provoked by toxic substances (poisoning). To prevent poisoning, you need to ensure that there is no mold in the feed, there are no forbidden plants in the pasture and to monitor chemicals that can also cause poisoning.
Healthy goslings are the joy of a farmer and the prospect of a good income. In the care they are not particularly whimsical, but to observe how a yellow lump hatch from eggs, which then grows into a healthy, strong goose, a real reward for any animal breeder.