Toy Spaniel is a small dog. Its weight ranges from one to five kilograms. Height at withers is on average 25 cm. The head of such a dog is small. The skull is rounded, the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is quite pronounced.
The muzzle is graceful, pointed. The nose is round, black, small. Lips thin, tight, well pigmented. Teeth strong. The eyes are almond-shaped, large, low-set, not protruding, wide open. Eyelids pigmented quite strongly. Eyes of dark color.
The neck is medium in length, the loin is slightly convex, whole. Chest deep, wide. The tail is long enough, set high. Limbs strong, straight, graceful.
Ears are strong, thin. Depending on the type of breed, they may be semi-erect or highly planted. They certainly have a kind of fringe of long hairs.
That’s what a Toy Spaniel looks like. To further describe the dog, you need to say that the breed has two types: falen and papillon. What's the Difference? Now tell.
Papillon is a dog whose ears are set high and wide open. The inner edge of the ears forms an angle of approximately 45 degrees. Outside, they are covered with long hair that forms a fringe. Thin (usually wavy) hairs can be seen on the inner side of the ears. In general, the shape of the ears of these dogs resemble a butterfly. Due to this, this kind of breed got its name Papillon, which translated from French means “butterfly”.
Falen - a dog with semi-erect, mobile, high-set ears. Her hair is wavy. It gives the dog a nice look.
Wool and color
Regardless of the type of toy-spaniel, thick wavy shiny hair. To the touch it is elastic, not soft. Wool thin, curved wave, well-fitting to the body.
On the face, around the eyes, and also on the front side of the limbs, the hair is short, on the body - moderately long. On the back side of the hips, representatives of the breed can see wool pants.
Many continental toy spaniels between fingers have bunches of hairs that can slightly protrude beyond the paws, giving them a graceful appearance and visually extending the limbs.
These dogs have an amazing color. The basic tone is white. On its background any colors are allowed. On the body and legs should be dominated by white color. No matter what kind of dog color, lips, nose, and eyelids should be pigmented.
Character traits of representatives of the breed
Continental Toy Spaniel is very affectionate, gentle, strongly attached to people.
Such a dog does not tolerate rudeness and cry. In the process of learning, one praise will be enough, since the Toy Spaniel loves to please its owner.
The dog needs to communicate with congeners, but this is not enough for a normal life. She needs regular, and long contacts with people.
Toy Spaniel usually gets along well with small dogs. Big can begin to bark.
Representatives of this breed are very clever. Such dogs are particularly good at tasks where it is necessary to memorize words, and also to find solutions in difficult situations.
You should not leave the dog alone for a long time, as it can become sad.
Such a dog in the house will behave calmly enough. Toy Spaniels, as a rule, are not inclined to damage items, so you can leave your pet next to expensive furniture and other household items without much concern.
With children, this dog behaves very affectionately, does not bite, but too arrogant kid should not trust her. Toy Spaniel can be a great pet for a responsible child. This dog will be happy to play and walk with a little friend.
How to feed such a dog? Power Features
The diet of the continental toy-spaniel, as, indeed, any other animal, must be balanced. Up to 5 months, the puppy should be fed five to six times a day, then this number can be reduced to three or four. After seven months, food can be given only in the morning and in the evening.
The diet should contain animal and plant foods. This is necessary so that the intestinal tract of the dog functions normally. Eat a little puppy, as well as an adult dog breed, continental toy-spaniel, must be fresh food. After each meal it is necessary to wash a bowl.
Do not overfeed the animal in any case, otherwise health problems may arise. In the first months of life, give your puppy vitamins and minerals.
Bowl is better to put on the dais, so as not to spoil the puppy's posture.
During the meal you should not distract the dog, as this may contribute to problems with digestion.
You can feed the Toy Spaniel with both ready-made feeds and natural food. In any case, the breed should not be given:
- food from the table
- chicken bones
- sweet (cookies, sweets, cakes, buns, etc.),
- food with spices
- boiled bones, as they can damage the intestinal tract.
Upbringing and training
Continental Toy Spaniels are intelligent dogs that are easy to train, but love to dominate. Therefore, the learning process should begin as early as possible.
Learn to pet you need to gradually. First you need to show the dog where it belongs. Next you need to train her to meet their needs in the space provided for this.
Teams must be given in a firm but calm voice. First, teach the puppy to "sit", and then work out other commands - "lie down", "place", etc. Many owners of toy spaniels also teach their pets funny tricks.
Now you know what a continental toy spaniel is. This cute animal can be a friend for almost any person. This dog does not cause any problems. After all, it does not even have to regularly walk and can be accustomed to the tray. Many people, especially the elderly, believe that the toy spaniel is the best dog for the house. It is difficult to argue with this, because in reality this breed has a lot of advantages and a minimum of drawbacks.
There are several versions of where these pretty dogs originated from, but most experts are inclined to believe that the ancestors of the Papillons were dwarf spaniels. In favor of this, they say, and numerous paintings, which depicted the little dogs, apparently similar to them.
But some zoological scientists associate the papilions with the Japanese chin, considering these breeds to be closely related. True, the Asian origin of the butterfly dogs has not yet been confirmed.
The first who deservedly appreciated their grace and grace, became the French. Representatives of the breed almost immediately became inhabitants of monarchical residences, harmoniously blending into luxury apartments.
There is one more species of continental toy-spaniels - fallen-paws-moths, the main difference between them was the ears — at the papillons they are standing, at the falen — hanging down.
Description of the breed Papilon
In the standard, the first thing that is said about the representatives of the breed is that they are “luxurious little spaniels”. Quite an accurate definition of these dogs with ears-wings and a pretty face. The look - this is what else attracts in these animals, he is intelligent, lively, interested.
From papilno and blows of aristocracy and self-esteem, and an elegant gait only emphasizes these amazing qualities. Growth Papillon should not exceed 28 cm, weight varies from 2.5 to 5 kg. The standard describes the following purebred specimens:
- Head proportional, with a moderately prominent forehead, having a shallow furrow. Stop well pronounced, but it should not be sharp. The back of the nose is flat, it narrows closer to the lobe, the tip of the muzzle is pointed.
- The lips are thin, fit well to the jaws, fully pigmented. Often there are individuals of this breed, in which the tip of the tongue constantly hangs out of the mouth - this is considered a marriage. If a dog hides a tongue when it touches it, then it means that it has no defect.
- The jaws are deep, with a strong grip and a full set of teeth, the bite is correct, the type of scissors.
- Nose small, round, with round, open nostrils.
- Eyes almond-shaped, non-convex, naturally shiny, eyelids completely covered with pigment. The eye color is brown, the darkest, deepest shades take precedence.
- Ears large in size, set wide apart with stiff cartilage and rounded ends. They, unlike falenov, standing upright, in adult ears of doggie covered with decorating hair in the form of fringe. It is not forbidden to cross two types of "continental", but often such offspring has a defect - ear cartilages break out.
- Torso rectangular format, slightly elongated. The neck is shortish, has a noticeable bend. Lumbar belt with withers mild back shortened, but muscular.
- Sternum moderately deep, dropping to the elbows, broad, with a rounded cross-section and a faint keel. The inguinal line is not marked.
- Limbs harmonious, with large articular joints, wide, straight, with elongated, slightly back shoulder blades. “Haft-like” hands, strong claws, often painted black, fingers elongated.
- Tail smooth, with a slight bend at the tip, but not twisted into a ring. Set high, carried over the back or at the level of the femoral part. Covered with a long, adorning coat, when the dog runs, it becomes like a fountain.
Wool quality and possible colors
Papillons have a long, thick coat of hair consisting of elastic guard hairs; the lower layer is absent. In different parts of the body, the length of the coat varies within different limits:
- short - in the area of the head, on the outer part of the forelimbs, on the lower part of the hind,
- middle length - on the body, neck and chest covered in the form of a luxurious collar-shirt-front, in some areas its length reaches 7.5 cm,
- long - on the inside of the front extremities in the form of luxurious tow - panties,
- longer than the rest (up to 15 cm)These dogs have hair on the tail.
Continents are similar to butterflies, not only because of the shape of the ears, but also in a variety of colors. The standard allows for the presence of spots of any color except blue tone. But there is a condition - the main background should be white and dominate over the wool of other shades.
There are also some special requirements for papillon coat colors:
- white wool should be the main body and paws,
- preferably white spots, resembling a star, on the head,
- white protochine is allowed on the lower region of the head,
- ears of pure white are a disadvantage
- symmetry of multi-colored spots on the face and head is not a prerequisite, but desirable.
The standard identifies 3 main colors of miniature papilions:
- a combination of black and white wool,
- white-red (white with sable and sable),
- white with tan - black, red color (color called hound tricolor).
Less common are black-sable, lemon-white, lemon-sable individuals, as well as papillons with a snow-white fur coat. Do breeders more valued toi with a two-tone color.
Features of papilon character
These pets are very loyal and dependent on the person. Taking into the house of the continental, the family gets a positive, cheerful little dog, who will be with great joy to accompany his master anywhere. But such affection has drawbacks - when left alone, the dog will be sad, sad and even feel stress and psycho-emotional shock.
Papillon puppy is a clot of energy that can play for hours on its own. However, the owner should often pay attention to his pet, so he grew up self-sufficient and balanced.
The activity of the butterfly dogs is overwhelming, they adore long walks and outdoor games. Even at home the dog is in search of occupation. Therefore, it is desirable to provide the pet with an arsenal of various, interesting toys, regularly updating the range.
What many papilion owners appreciate is their positivity. They are vigorous, cheerful and optimistic almost 24 hours a day. Such a pet would be happy to speak in public, demonstrating their talents. And he can master tricks easily and without problems.
The toy spaniel very sensitively catches the mood of people, loves children and is quite friendly to other animals. In the latter case, the exception is potential mining.
In general, the continents have a peace-loving, optimistic character, but it is worth remembering that a pet may not have a day. If usually an active child has retired and does not want to participate in general events, then there may be two reasons - they are either unwell, or simply want to pause and rest a little.
There are legends about the aggression of the papilions, in which there is still some truth. Without timely socialization, this gentle crumb can really get furious if something annoys him. But to save the dog from such behavior can be the right education.
Education and training of continental Toy Spaniel
Even a novice can raise a doggie of this breed, as the butterfly doggie is very curious, he is interested in everything new, and at the same time respects his pet owner. But the tendency of the papilions to dominate can be negated, which is why it is important for the owner to show his leadership qualities and become a leader for the dog.
Puppies can be trained in the form of a game, so they will better assimilate the team, and classes will not bother. With the right approach, the pet is able to show excellent results at exhibitions and sporting events.
One of the mistakes of newbies is the excessive tenderness of a four-legged friend and the forgiveness of all his antics. The dog is very smart to understand its advantages and actively use them in the future. Canine experts are advised to immediately show the new four-legged friend what you can do and what is strictly prohibited.
When teaching you can not use rudeness, harsh tone or neglect, do not forget about the promotion - with words, stroking, sweets. If you find the right approach to the pet, the training can be effective. Miniature spaniels can even perform technically challenging tricks.
Despite his loving and active nature, the dog may show displeasure - he is quite jealous, and the guests are not always pleased with him.
Pet Care and Health
The fact that the dog is healthy, says his shiny, silky hair. The owner should worry if she has lost her shine, has become bristled or split. Papillons traditionally molt twice a year - in spring and autumn, the duration of the change of wool varies from 7 to 14 days.
If the pet does not perform in the show ring, then you can do it hygienic grooming. In this case, the hair is shortened on the ears, legs and in the area of the anus. In hot weather, the dog is completely trimmed, choosing a haircut of his own accord.
It is often not recommended to bathe a doggie, otherwise his skin may become dry, and his coat will lose its natural covering. To facilitate the care of pet fur coat, you can use a special spray that simplifies the disentangling of hairs. Combing your baby is recommended at least once every 3 days, using a special comb.
Inspect the ears and eyes of a pet should be regularly, and cleaned when necessary. Treat the ears better with a cotton swab and not with chopsticks, wetting it with oil. If a plaque appears on the surface, then most likely it is an infection, and the dog should be shown to the vet. Eyes are washed with a special lotion or a weak chamomile decoction.
Papillon teeth should be cleaned twice a week with a silicone brush to prevent the formation of plaque and tartar. Such treatments will save you from various infections and keep your pet's health up to par.
Papillons do not have the strongest health, they often develop the following diseases:
- atrophic retinal changes - can be hereditary, acquired, but more often occurs in older animals,
- cataract - the process takes a long time, causes damage to the lens,
- entropy (inversion) century - pathology in which the structure of the century is broken. In some cases, surgery is required,
- congenital dislocations or subluxations of the kneecaps - inherited disease caused by weakness of the ligaments.
- deafness - hearing may deteriorate or disappear completely.
In addition, the continents are prone to paroximal breathing - reverse sneezing, reversible cough, the pet can inhale sharply, briefly and at the same time "grumble." Such conditions may be accompanied by muscle spasms and abundant salivation. Это нарушение не является угрожающим для жизни, но есть ряд способов, чтобы вернуть питомца к нормальному состоянию. По этому вопросу рекомендуется проконсультироваться с ветеринарным врачом.
Режим и рацион кормления
Мини-спаниели ведут активный образ жизни, поэтому энергии у них уходит очень много, и им требуется высококалорийная еда, которая быстро усваивается. It is necessary to adhere to the rules applicable to all representatives of decorative rocks:
- give your pet better warm food
- the food from the master's table falls into the list of prohibited foods,
- When feeding a pet with industrial rations, it is important to provide the dog with plenty of fresh, drinking water,
- Papillons do not digest raw meat if you do not add vegetables to it,
- After eating, the pet must rest a bit, you can’t immediately take him outside or play with him,
- the dog should receive all the necessary components, the food should be balanced,
- The feed should be carefully selected, it should be of high quality and suitable for miniature, mobile breeds.
It is worth noting that during the heat these babies are less active, the volume of the portion can therefore be reduced, and the water to pour more.
Buying a Continental Toy Spaniel Puppy
Against the background of the general popularity of small-sized pet doggies, papillons are widely used, so there will be no problems with buying a puppy. The main thing is to choose an experienced breeder or nursery, which is seriously engaged in the breeding of this breed, taking into account all the features.
The best nurseries in Russia and Ukraine are:
- Inter Win Moscow http://www.kennel-interwin.com/,
- Peperuda Moscow https://www.peperuda.net/%D1%89%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BA%D0%B8-%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%BF%D1 % 80% D0% BE% D0% B4% D0% B0% D0% B6% D1% 83 /,
- "Fleurdeagness" Kiev http://www.fleur-deagness.com.ua/contact_us/.
Buying a puppy from hand, the future owner is very at risk to get a pet with diseases or deviations from the standard. The average cost of the offspring without documents is 12,000 rubles, the price of a puppy from the nursery is much higher and averages 40,000 rubles. For a kid with excellent data, the future champion will have to pay up to 80,000 rubles.
Papillon is a small decorative dog that becomes not just a pet, but a pet and even a family member. But it requires attention and training, which will make the baby agreeable and obedient.
Characteristics of the breed Papilion
Papillon (from French "butterfly") - room - decorative breed, miniature spaniel, without working trial, companion dog. Charming creature with moving, light, ears wide open like butterfly wings.
Due to their mental abilities, they occupy 1 place among the decorative rocks, and 9 place among the rocks in the world. As for such a crumb this is an excellent result.
The history of the breed Papilon
No one knows for sure what country the breed came from, but the glory behind it stretches from the depths of the ages.
Outwardly, it resembles the royal Spaniel, an ancient European breed, ancestors, who lived in the royal palaces and houses of aristocrats in the XV century.
These cute babies everywhere accompanied noble ladies, even the portrait of crowned heads was considered unfinished without their image.
He was always near those who are covered with glory and power. The sweet and affectionate breed has gained great popularity among the nobles of the past centuries, including Henry III, Louis XIV, Madame de Pompadour, and others.
These noble kids were often presented to noble people. The most famous owner of the breed was the Queen of France, Maria - Antoinette. During her lifetime, the maid of honor mated for pets who lived in their own separate palace, called the Butterfly Pavilion. As the story goes, the most beloved dog accompanied her to the guillotine, and before the execution she gave it to one of the executioners.
Despite the huge popularity among European monarchs, Papillon came to England only in 1905.
A lot of time has passed, and now this royal court toy has turned into a working breed.
Interesting fact: surprisingly, Papillon is a great shepherd for sheep, he is quick and agile. Send the flock to the pen for him is not difficult. The secret is that sheep do not feel the difference between a big and small dog. There will be in front of them the best shepherd among dogs, a border collie or baby Papillon, they listen to them the same way.
- White - sable (spots of pale lemon, red-red, mahogany color)
- Black - White
- Tricolor (black and white with tan, color should be present on the ears and eyes)
Spots of any color except blue are allowed. Recognized black and tan color. We will not allow a completely white color or white ears, but this color should always prevail in any color. On the head and the muzzle there is a groove, the spots on the sides are symmetrical.
Like spaniels and phalenas, freckles on the face and paws are characteristic.
By the nature of the Papillon is a smart, fun, cheerful and affectionate breed. It combines elegance and beauty, it is truly a royal dog.
Very dedicated to the owner, ready to understand it at once. These mobile, loving and restless babies will give you happiness and a radiant dog smile.
They like to be in the company of people, I demand a lot of attention from the owner.
If there is another animal in the house, they tolerate loneliness well.
Be sure to teach your child to different situations, and then left alone at home, he will not play pranks.
In any case, wanting to have a Papillon, you must approach this issue with responsibility. Hide available small things in the house, remove the wires away, remote controls and slippers favorite things to play these eared babies.
Strong character papillon
Buy for your papillon your own toys, balls, tweeters, and perhaps you will distract him from yours.
Well amenable to training and education, but by their nature, they are very self-confident, and training only highlights this aspect of their nature.
Excellent live with children and other pets.
Papillon is not only great for content in a city apartment, but also perfectly adapts to living in a country house, with a spacious courtyard and garden.
When kept in a city apartment, you can teach him to walk on a diaper, but this does not replace a full-fledged walk in the open air.
You must walk twice a day, morning - evening, before feeding. If you walk near the road, keep it on a leash.
An active and dexterous kid, shows excellent results in sports for agility and obedience (learning to work with the owner, under his control) as if created for him. Papillon is a hardy jumper, with strong bones and strong paws. Sport, moreover, promotes the development of muscle mass, teaches obedience and precise execution of commands.
Caring for papillon, falene
Papillon red-white color
Papillon is a long-haired breed, shedding, but there is no strong seasonal shedding, due to the lack of undercoat. Male dogs molt twice a year, bitches before heat and after the birth of puppies, and this is more noticeable on them.
It is enough to comb 2 times a week with a metal comb, during the molting the frequency of combing can be increased. Regular hair care prevents tangles, especially between the fingers, when they appear, carefully cut them off. Before combing lightly moisten the surface of the spray, conditioner diluted with water.
The hairstyle exists in the hygienic purposes. On the body of the guard hair is not sheared, it grows over life. The hair is cut off between the paw pads, in a circle of the foot, the foot is given the appearance of a “hare paw”, around the anus and the groin area.
You can bathe once a week or as far as pollution. For bathing, you should choose a shampoo that matches the type of wool that will not leave a yellow tint on the white wool.
Breeders sometimes use shampoo for platinum blondes or for gray hair, but remember that dogs' pH is different from human and often such experiments end with the appearance of dandruff.
Claws cut 1 - 2 p. per month with a kogterezkoy for small breeds, process sharp ends with a nail file to avoid burrs. Constantly follow the fifth dewclaw, do not forget to cut the claw on it. When walking, it is not erased, often grows long and twisted, thereby causing pain when walking. Too long claws trim in several approaches.
Carry out the procedure carefully, so as not to touch the blood vessels, you can cut off, departing 2-3 mm from the vessel.
After walking the paws, wipe the paws with a damp cloth or rinse under the shower. Check the pads for cracks. To prevent cracks, rub vegetable oil into the pads. In the winter, wash the paws especially well; make sure that the papillon does not lick the reagent after walking.
Papillon puppy photo of a kid with a sly look
Ears regularly inspected, it is recommended to ventilate falen. The inner part is wiped with a cotton pad dipped in warm water.
Teeth inspect for inflammation or injury. To clean in 2-3 days, with a special toothpaste for dogs with a toothbrush of an appropriate size, a sponge or a nozzle on a finger. After each procedure, the dog must be praised.
For the prevention of tartar, include in the diet fresh tomatoes, solid food. Mechanically remove plaque will help toy rope, chips from the rawhide.
The toy should not be completely placed in the mouth or bitten off in small pieces.
Eyes: papillon eyes healthy shiny, without souring and abundant tear release. Once a week, wipe them with a soft damp cloth moistened with warm water or a weak chamomile tea leaves. Rinse each eye with a separate clean cloth.
Causes of tearing in Papillon:
- inflammation of the lacrimal sac
- high protein or carbohydrate content in the diet
- lacrimal canal blockage
- torsion of eyelashes or eyelids
- additional row of eyelashes
- allergic reaction
- too thick eyelashes in the corners of the eye
- foreign object hit
In any case, notice abundant tearing, redness or pus immediately contact the veterinarian for help.
Tear tracks under the eyes, favorable environment for bacteria, red-brown leaks or sores appear in the place of accumulation of moisture. Try to avoid this, for daily care, use eye lotion, which consists of chamomile extract and mallow.
Ticks and fleas: treat with fleas and ticks once a month. Means ("Advantiks", "Front Line" or any other, which advises your vet) exist in the form of drops. They are applied on withers closer to the neck, in a place where it is difficult to lick, do not bathe for 10 days. On the first day, do not allow children to iron.
Means in the form of a spray is applied immediately before a walk in the woods or park, on clothes, and on her lounger.
Often the presence of fleas is a manifestation of allergies and scabies.
After walking in the forest, always look for ticks in the park. The favorite place of parasites is the stomach, armpits, ears.
Having found a tick, do not panic; they are not all carriers of piroplasmosis (a parasitic blood disease transmitted with a tick bite).
Carefully drip on it with vegetable oil, after a few minutes it will loosen its grip, unscrew it with smooth movements in a clockwise direction. Treat the wound with antiseptic. After removing the parasite, be sure to observe the state of health. If it is active, it eats with appetite, there is no temperature, do not worry, the tick was not contagious.
But having noticed the following symptoms, immediately seek help from a veterinarian, a great chance of salvation:
- The dog is sluggish, constantly sleeping, falling down on his hind legs when walking
- Refuses to drink and eat
- High temperature (more than 39 degrees)
- Urine is red - brown
Papillon (Falena) - food
Papillon photo in field daisies
For feeding papillon and falen, suitable dry food premium, or natural food. Drying buy high-quality, not cheap, but natural feeding varied, and the most useful organism, that is, fully meet the needs, plus vitamins and minerals.
The advantages of dry food, they do not need to be cooked, the portion can be read on the package, it is easy to take on the road. Minus - you need to make sure that Papilon drank water after taking the drying is expensive.
The advantages of natural feeding - you know from what, the food is cooked, the minuses - you need to find time for cooking, it is not always cheap, it is hard to save when traveling.
When feeding should follow simple rules:
- Feed always fresh food.
- Bowl with water should be in an accessible place.
- The portion should be eaten in the undergrowth, wait up to 20 minutes, and hide the bowl in the fridge until the next feeding.
- Feed always after walking
- Food is given at room temperature, not cold and not too hot.
- Meat give boiled or scalded with boiling water
- Bowls, my hot water
There are a number of products prohibited or useful for papillon. Remember, malnutrition is displayed on the quality of the coat, eyes and health. The more carefully you follow the pet's nutrition, the healthier and happier it will be.
Products useful falena:
- Lean meat (turkey, lamb, chicken, beef, rabbit)
- Seasonal vegetables and fruits (apples, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin)
- Kashi (rice, buckwheat)
- Sea fish without bones (necessarily boiled)
- Fermented milk products (kefir, low-fat cottage cheese)
Products prohibited falena:
- Pork and any fat meat
- Smoked products
- River fish
- Fresh bakery
- Spicy food
- The nuts
Brief description of the dog breed Continental Toy Spaniel
- Other possible dog names: Continental Dwarf Spaniel, Papillon, Papillon, Falen, L’epagneuI nain continental, Papillon, Phalene, Continental Toy Spaniel.
- Kinds: papillon (which in French means “butterfly”) with erect ears and falen (“moth”) is a dog whose ears hang.
- Adult dog height: from 22 to 28 cm.
- Weight:2 weight categories - from 1 to 2.5 kg, from 2.5 to 5 kg.
- Characteristic color: spots of any shade on a snow-white background of the main tone of wool.
- Wool length: on the body up to 7-8 cm, and on the tail - up to 15.
- Lifespan: 12-15 years.
- Breed advantages: remarkable intellect and general softness, even gentleness, character. These are very energetic and nimble dogs, adoring walks in the fresh air and strongly becoming attached to their owners.
- The complexity of the breed:the breed does not tolerate heat. And the fact that having a tendency to the formation of tartar, the spaniels need constant care and brushing.
- How much is a dog: The price for which you can buy a Papillon puppy varies on average from 250 to 500 dollars.
The History of the Continental Toy Spaniel
The first mentions of these crumbs refer to 11th century. They are considered to be descended from the famous Belgian breed epanyol-nen, although the ancestors of the Papillon (bred much later) also have a German dwarf spitz. Homeland are considered France and Belgium at the same time.
The breed, unfortunately, lost its former popularity among the European bourgeoisie in the 19th century due to its stable association with the royal power. But still, without a spaniel, captured even on the canvases of many great painters (Titian, Rubens, Clouet, Minyar, and others), no decent dog show still does.
Purpose and character of the continental toy Spaniel
As they are rightly called, that spaniel is Companion dog, friend dog, as well as the "watchman", keenly and attentively following the strangers who visited the house. And not only a decorative cutie, the purpose of which is to bring a touch of glamor to the gray everyday life.
This breed is also great for doing dog sports such as flyball or agility. Or take part in pet obedience competitions.
By the way, if we recall the old use of continental toy Spaniels, then it would not be out of place to mention that once, in medieval Europe, their taught to hunt ratsFormer cities were a real disaster.
Without exaggeration, we can say that the continental Toy Spaniels renowned for their good-natured and playful character. They are friendly to adults and sincerely love their little masters, if they are socialized in time.
With pleasure communicate with other animals, although small in size, because large can and bark. And very peacefully get on with their neighbors-pets: cats, parrots, turtles and their ilk.
How to choose a continental Toy Spaniel puppy
The optimal age when continental puppies are spaniels should be taken away from the mother, this 12-15 weeks. Previously, 8 weeks is not worth taking, because the baby is not yet ready to begin an independent life.
When choosing need to pay attention to the behavior of the puppy, on his activity and the manifestation of some reactions, carefully examine and verify with the breeder about the health of the mother, the vaccines that have already been made and the documents correctly prepared for the litter.
You can take an adult, because good character and ease in training dogs of this breed usually does not create a new owner of special problems.
The standards of the Spaniels are considered:
- a rounded head with a straight back of the nose and a narrowing muzzle, the nose itself is small and black, thin lips are also black,
- large, almond-shaped, dark eyes,
- the ears are large and widely spaced closer to the occipital part (standing in the papillons and hanging in the fallen),
- the trunk is slightly elongated, with a hollow abdomen and a wide chest,
- the paws are straight and thin, resembling the paws of a hare in their elongation, with well-developed nails of different colors,
- хвост достаточно длинен и высоко посажен, украшен кисточкой из шерсти,шерсть густая, чуть кудрявая, короче на передней части туловища и более длинная (с очесами) сзади,
- White dominates in color, against which any color patches can be placed, but it must be remembered that the predominance of white on the head is considered a major drawback.
Nicknames for Continental Toy Spaniel
Nicknames litter are given, as a rule, on a certain letter, sometimes appending to it the trade name of the breeder, if it is registered (for example, Amanda from the Northern Lights, or Raoul from Reflections, etc.).
But the most important thing is that it is much better if the name given to this funny and funny creature is the same. light and graceful, maybe even carrying some poetic flair and reflecting the essence of a newborn pet. Although, of course, the decision always remains only for the owner of the animal.
Maintenance and care of the continental toy Spaniel
First of all, the continental Toy Spaniel is indoor dog. And it belongs to the few breeds that are accustomed to the tray and do not need compulsory walking several times a day.
But likes to walk very much due to the liveliness of character and passion for outdoor games. This must be remembered by the owner and not skimp on toys.
In general, the care of this breed is not very complex and whimsical. That is why sometimes the Spaniels are even called the “lazy dog”.
What to feed a continental toy Spaniel
The diet of this breed, like any other, needs a complete composition and balance. It can be provided with dry papillon food or natural food. Continental Spaniels need both vegetable and animal fresh food.
but several recommendations still have:
- Up to half a year, puppies need to be fed 6-7 times a day, gradually reducing the number of receptions and, after 7 months, switch to 2 meals a day.
- Being small, they need mineral and vitamin supplements.
- They can not be overfed due to the sensitive reaction to this by the gastrointestinal tract.
- Since that spaniel belongs to the category of little beggars, it will be better if during the master's meal, the dog will be in its place, and not near the common table.
For forbidden food This includes: sweets, spices, citrus and any bones. Read more about puppy feeding ...
Training and education of the continental toy Spaniel
Since continental toy Spaniels are unusually smart, then they can be trained easily enough.
However, if we consider that a certain tendency to dominate is characteristic of the breed, the process itself is better to start as early as possible. So the puppy will be much easier to teach to the teams and develop the necessary reflexes.
Of course, it is necessary to start from scratch - the kid must understand where his place is and know the intonation and the wording of the team. Then he must clearly understand where it can be emptied, and where such a disgrace is prohibited. Having taught this, you can move on to the next stage of the classic dog education - the commands “sit”, “lie down”, “voice”, etc. Communicate with the same spaniel best calm and gentle, because a good-natured puppy is only afraid of excessive aggression, so without memorizing anything.
The Pros and Cons of Continental Toy Spaniel
To the merits The Spaniels undoubtedly include their intelligence, kindness, cheerfulness and touching devotion to the whole family. Well, unpretentious content.
Disadvantages same can be attributed to some problems with the musculoskeletal system, sometimes leading to dislocation of the knee caps. And the natural cunning, which in combination with their intelligence, can teach these dogs to manipulate their own owners. And aggressiveness towards children, if the dog was not socialized on time.
Reviews about breed papillon and falen
This is really a wonderful companion dog. Smart, no health problems. Understand everything from a half-word. I am generally an avid cat-lover, and my papilon is the first favorite dog. At the cottage constantly hunts - hedgehogs, birds, mice, rats, butterflies. At home she is just a cutie, the children adore her!
I have been thinking for a long time about which dog is best to have, living in the concrete jungle - Moscow. In a small, as for a dog, apartment. So that she could easily take her with her to the country house and so that she did not have to spend half a day walking with her on the street. And finally chose Papillon. A wonderful dog, but I made two mistakes - I took a puppy not from the nursery, but from a private person, and I did not use the services of professionals in raising and training the dog in time. He is poorly controlled on the street. Roars at all, even at children, barking at dogs.
Dog breed description
There are several versions about the origin and progenitors of this miniature dog. The most popular is that they are descended from dwarf spaniels. Some scientists claim that the main ancestor of Papillon is Japanese hin.
One way or another, in the 18th century, the papilions found themselves in France, from where representatives of the nobility partially transported them to Belgium. In both countries, dogs won the love of high society and became residents of rich apartments and mansions.
Purposeful breeding of the breed began in the 19th century. In England, the recognition of the breed occurred in 1903, in the United States a little later - in 1915.
Standard color Papillon - white with spots of any color
The first breed standard was approved in 1934, at the same time the official division was made into 2 types of continental spaniel - falen and papillon.
The distinctive features of the breed are spelled out in detail in a standard approved by the ICF:
- the body is proportional, slightly elongated, the back is straight, the belly is taut,
- the bones are not massive, but rather strong,
- head rounded with a short muzzle, the transition from the forehead to the back of the nose is deep, close to the right angle,
- the muzzle is wedge-shaped,
- jaws strong, with a full set of teeth, scissor bite,
- the eyes are large, dark-colored, almond-shaped, set far apart,
- the ears are large, in the shape of a rounded triangle, stand vertically, are arranged widely, with long hair-fringe,
- not long tail set high, in an excited state raised up, can touch the back,
- short straight legs parallel to each other
- the coat is long and soft, no undercoat. May be straight or wavy. Hair length on all parts of the body is different:
- on the head, face and paws shorter, necessarily smooth,
- on the body, the average hair length is up to 7.5 cm,
- a fluffy collar is formed around the neck,
- on ears long wool-fringe,
- the longest part of the hair reaches 15 cm and is located on the tail.
The allowed color of the breed is white with spots of any other color except blue. A symmetrical pattern on the face is desirable, the ears are not white, the pattern is in the form of a white star on the head.
Papillon is divided into 2 categories depending on the size:
- mini weighing from 1.5 to 2.5 kg,
- standard weight from 2.5 to 5 kg.
Growth is indicated in the general standard - up to 28 cm. The average life expectancy is 12-15 years.
Live miniature dogs up to 15 years
Rules for the maintenance and care of papillon
Due to their compact size, papillons feel great not only in a large house with a territory, but also in a small city apartment. However, it is not recommended to accustom them to the tray, these kids need daily walks. Twice a day for 20-30 minutes will be enough, they do not need physical exertion, of course. Enough unhurried walk in the park, to which you can add play activity.
The main difficulty in the care of papillon becomes his wool. Periods of molting are not very active due to the lack of undercoat. However, long hair should be carefully combed with a comb several times a week.
Dogs often do not have to wash, they are very clean. It is better to cut out felted wool and mats, it is rather difficult to unravel them. Decorative haircuts are allowed only for pets, for show dogs they are strictly prohibited.
The rest of the papillon care is extremely simple:
- brush your ears and teeth as needed
- claws rarely grind themselves, they need to be trimmed once a month.
When choosing a dry feed, it is recommended to give preference to premium and super premium options. They are a balanced diet.
For followers of natural feeding there are several rules:
- low-fat meats should be present in the diet, pork is prohibited in any form,
- fermented milk products and eggs will have a beneficial effect on the dog's coat,
- grated raw vegetables and fruits will be a source of fiber,
- veterinarians recommend boiled cereals (buckwheat, rice, rolled oats) as a source of carbohydrates,
- fat, flour, sweet and smoked is prohibited.
The nature of the continental toy Spaniel
Dogs are active and energetic, and even at home they are constantly looking for something to do, so the owner should take care of the availability of toys from the pet.
Papilions are devoted, ready to follow a man everywhere, subtly feel his emotional state. Hard endure loneliness. But in the company of people easily transfer any travel and difficult conditions.
Papillon is very kind and love children
This is a wonderful pet for homestay. Papillons adore children and frolic with them until victory. However, you should not leave the dog alone with the kids; if you are too careless, your pet may snap.
Do strangers are wary, with the danger may be on the defense of the owner.
These kids will get along well with any other pets with the exception of rodents, on which the papilions, thanks to the awakened natural instincts, can arrange a hunt.
This breed is extremely intelligent and smart and easy to pass not only the basic course of training, but also learn a variety of tricks. Training with papillon will turn into joy - he always tries to please the owner. The main thing in the training of these dogs is the maximum weasel and encouragement, they are very vulnerable to any abuse and take offense at the cry and rude treatment.
Do not neglect the training of the papilon otherwise it can grow uncontrollable
If a novice dog-breeder is not confident in their abilities, it is better to seek advice on education and training from professionals. They will tell you how to behave correctly and what to start classes with these kids.
Papilons are referred to as long-livers because of their good health. However, there are several ailments to which these dogs are subject:
- eye diseases (cataract, volvulus, corneal dystrophy),
- congenital deafness (when buying, you must carefully check your puppy for this defect).
For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to vaccinate the animal on time and regularly visit the veterinarian to examine the condition of the pet.
How much is a puppy
The breed is quite popular in Russia, and there are many offers to sell Papillon puppies from 10,000–12,000 rubles from hands to 60,000 rubles from elite nurseries.
To use the baby only as a pet, you can take a puppy and without documents.
If you intend to participate in exhibitions, it is necessary to buy a show-class dog only in a proven kennel. The final price of a puppy depends on the appearance and merit of his parents. A purebred puppy from titled champions will cost no less than 25,000-30,000 rubles.
Buy a puppy without documents is possible for 10 thousand, with documents from 25 thousand rubles.
There are many nurseries engaged in breeding papilions in Russia not only in the capital, but also in the regions.
- Bon Plaisir,
- From the star county,
- Fire union
There is no particular difficulty in breeding Papillons. However, dog lovers are advised, if they wish, to tie a pet to seek professional help at the nursery where the dog was bought. Experienced breeders will give advice not only on mating, but also on the course of pregnancy and childbirth, as well as help to find a pair for a pet.
Papillon - a small companion dog, which is suitable for not very active people. It can be wound up in any housing conditions, everywhere the pet will feel comfortable. Papillon is suitable for both single people and families with children. This is an excellent choice for experienced breeders and novice dog breeders. To cope with a fluffy friend everyone will succeed!