Animals

Chlamydia in cats: symptoms, treatment

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The bacterium Chlamydia psittaci is extremely dangerous. The symptoms of this disease are very weak, does not attract the attention of the owner, so many owners do not provide timely treatment to the pet. All this leads to the fact that the bacteria in the cat's body begin to multiply in the damaged tissues of the epithelium, gradually attacking the animal's immune system. For the timely diagnosis of the disease and the start of treatment, the cat needs to be shown in time to the vet.

Chlamydia is a rather insidious disease, difficult to diagnose. In most cases, the only symptoms may be watery eyes. The sick animal becomes inactive. Although in some cases there are other, more pronounced symptoms:

  • high fever, as a result of which the animal is sluggish and loses its appetite (often manifested in kittens),
  • frequent sneezing and rhinitis,
  • the cat's eyes turn red, gradually swelling,
  • purulent discharge (conjunctivitis),
  • gradual swelling of the "third century".

Very often, an infection in cats is asymptomatic, that is, in a latent form, but with eye inflammation in an animal, it must be examined.

Chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia psittaci. When a cat comes in contact with infected feces of a sick animal, there is a high probability of infection. Therefore, the pet should be very carefully monitored if it is located in the same room as the cat already sick or ill.

Chlamydia is transmitted in three ways:

For a long time, only the area where several cats live, which alternately transmit the infection, can be a source of infection. The incubation period for chlamydia lasts from five to fifteen days. Most often the disease manifests itself in kittens at the age of 5 weeks, since the stress of weaning from the mother has a negative effect on the body. Adult animals are sick less often.

Some time after the bacteria enters the body, the first signs of the disease appear - conjunctivitis, and at first it appears only on one eye. After some time, the disease is transferred to the second eye, and the discharge becomes purulent. After the end of the incubation period, the disease can last for several months, sometimes becoming chronic. During development, the infection continues to affect different systems, first the respiratory system, then the gastric, intestinal, and urogenital systems. This makes the cat feces contagious.

In its pure form, chlamydia in cats is observed only in the initial stage, after which additional infections join it. This leads to the fact that diseases are mixed, complicating treatment. Gradually, due to the disease, urethritis and damage to the scrotum organs are formed, which leads to infertility. Especially often this effect occurs if the bacterium is sexually transmitted.

The disease is standard in two forms:

  • subclinical, when the bacterium multiplies actively without any clinical manifestations,
  • latent, that is, without parasite reproduction.

A few days after the disease, the cat's temperature rises, and discharge from the eyes is becoming more abundant. The eyes turn red, and the blood vessels in them swell. When sneezing and rhinitis join, without treatment the animal may die from pulmonary edema.

It was officially confirmed that the disease is transmitted to humans. This happens quite rarely and only if the person has very weak immunity. Chlamydia pathogens can be of several types. The human body is weakly susceptible to the type of chlamydia that cats suffer from. In humans, the disease affects the urinary tract epithelium. And also manifested violations in the organs of vision, respiratory system and intestines.

If the pet is sick, then during this period it is necessary to contact it with extreme caution, because it is contagious. It is important to carry out daily cleaning of the toilet, wash hands thoroughly with soap, do not allow small children to touch a sick animal. Chlamydia is mainly a disease of street cats, not domestic ones, so the risk of infection for humans is unusually low, because in everyday life, a collision with such an animal occurs rarely. Moreover, for infection requires very close contact with bacteria. This does not happen even with a pet, and those bacteria that fall on household objects with secretions from the eyes are rather unstable and small to carry a threat.

An extreme case of infection from animals is manifested in atypical chlamydial conjunctivitis, which is rather mild, but requires special treatment. Its consequences are not serious.

Chlamydia in cats is curable even at home. The course of medication is always prescribed by the doctor on an individual basis on the basis of the results of the analysis after collecting the mucous material.

In the case of chlamydia, only antibiotics belonging to the tetracycline group can help. They need to be applied for quite a long time (at least three weeks).

In order to prevent a side effect in the form of dysbacteriosis, the cat should be fed with lactic acid bacteria, adding yoghurts in capsules or Linex to the diet.

After an accurate diagnosis, the veterinarian should prescribe injections of antibiotics (tetracycline, metacycline). There are other antibacterial drugs, but they are less effective. If the animal is too exhausted, then before the injection of injections make an IV. Doctors prescribe drugs that increase the level of magnesium and iron.

To get rid of conjunctivitis, you need to wash the cat's eyes with chamomile decoction or smear it with tetracycline ointment.

When all the symptoms of the disease in the animal have disappeared, it is necessary to continue applying the medicines for another week. If there are several cats at home, they should all be treated at the same time to prevent spread.

When the danger of the disease has passed, it is necessary to pass the analysis to make sure that there are no bacteria left in the pet's body.

Vaccination of cats helps prevent chlamydia. Vaccine administration has a number of fairly serious side effects, so it is undesirable for a pet to do it if there is no outbreak of infection in the vicinity.

The best option to protect the animal from infection is the constant monitoring of the pet and a visit to the veterinarian, who may recommend to reduce the contact of the cat with other animals, especially if they cause concern. Before a viscous animal, it is imperative that both cats are tested for the presence of the disease, since it is often sexually transmitted.

There is no natural immunity in cats against chlamydia, so you should carefully monitor the diet. After the disease the cat's body does not produce antibodies, so there is the possibility of re-infection. It is very important to prevent the disease from entering the chronic phase, as this leads to infertility or tumors of the genital organs.

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Description of the pathogen

Chlamydia are extraordinarily interesting organisms in terms of biology. Their small size, about 300 nanometers, as well as the dependence of reproduction on the host cell, along with intracytoplasmic localization, allowed the researchers to mistakenly attribute them to viruses. But the presence of a certain similarity with gram-negative microbes and sensitivity to some antibiotics allowed them today to be considered obligate intracellular parasites of high specialization.

Chlamydia tolerate low temperature well, but are sensitive to high. So, heating to 80 degrees Celsius kills them within 10 minutes. They are destroyed by a half-percent solution of phenol, a two-percent solution of sodium hydroxide and a solution of chloramine.

Various strains and types of chlamydia can be the cause of a number of diseases, sometimes quite severe, both in animals and in humans. Human trachoma, inclusive conjunctivitis, some sexually transmitted diseases are caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia pneumoniae is responsible for some animal and human pneumonia. Psittacosis, ornithosis, a serious human disease and eye disease in animals, is caused by Chlamydia psittaci. Its species, Chlamydia cati, affects the mucous eyes of cats.

Source of infection

Among cats, chlamydia is widespread. So, about 70% of animals of this species are affected by this disease. This is caused by the presence in nature of an uncontrolled reservoir of the source of infection. The main carriers of chlamydia are sick cats, birds, small rodents (mice, rats). The pathogen enters the external environment with urine, feces, milk, saliva.

Mechanism of disease development

Chlamydia penetrate the body in one of three ways: alimentary (with food), through the genital tract, aerogenic (through the respiratory system). Nurseries can buy for feeding their wards meat of dead or involuntarily killed animals from farms that are unfavorable for this disease and have not undergone veterinary and sanitary examination in due measure. Intrauterine infection (from mother to fetus) is also possible.

Epithelial tissues that are in contact with the outside world and are capable of rapid renewal serve as the initial environment for the development of this infection. Mainly affected are the cells of the cylindrical epithelium, with which the mucous membrane of the conjunctiva, the rectum, the cervical canal, the urethra, the stomach, the small intestine, the pharynx area is covered. Once in such a cell, the pathogens, showing specific activity, neutralize the main cellular defense mechanism, which gives them the opportunity to freely multiply in the future. The life cycle of this type of microorganism is about 48 hours, and then the affected epithelial cell disintegrates and throws out new chlamydia.

Over time, the parasites evolved and acquired the ability to multiply both in the epithelium and in macrophages (cells of the immune system). Macrophages spread the pathogen throughout the body, and it can penetrate into any internal organ, spinal cord or brain, joints. This form of the disease ends in the death of a pet, but in cats, fortunately, it happens rarely.

Chlamydia in cats: symptoms

Treatment of animals with this disease should begin as soon as possible. But everything is complicated by the blurred clinical picture. The incubation period, according to various sources, lasts from a couple of days to two or three weeks. Then there are signs of chlamydia in cats. The acute form of the disease begins with a slight increase in temperature, slight discharge from the nose and eyes of the cat. But the animal still eats well, and discomfort due to conjunctivitis does not interfere with it. At first, the infection affects only one eye, and on the second it is transferred in five to ten days.

Further, the disease proceeds with discharge from the eyes of a serous nature, blepharospasm (eyelid spasm), chemosis (when the conjunctiva bulges through the palpebral fissure). Later, a secondary viral or bacterial infection joins the main infection, and the discharge acquires a mucopurulent character. Conjunctival redness appears, which becomes brick-red or bright red. This color is more intense in the vaults. Perform separate vessels. If the disease has assumed a chronic form, a slight reddening of the conjunctiva will be noted, small discharges, half of the eye will be closed by the third century. Follicular conjunctivitis may occur.

If you do not treat chlamydia in cats, the symptoms will disappear after three to four weeks, but copious mucous-purulent discharge from the eyes, as well as conjunctival hyperemia persist for several more months. 18 months from the conjunctiva can be released chlamydia, which has been proven experimentally.

Asymptomatic course

This infection is typical for adult cats. Suspicion of the disease in the owners appears after the birth of unviable kittens. In cats, it is also difficult to detect this disease if there are no signs of damage to the urinary system. A cat may become infected with chlamydia from a cat when mating. A sick female has a permanent reservoir of chlamydia in the form of an infected cervical canal through which males are infected. And the last pathogen settles in the testes and gets out with sperm.

Sometimes the pet, after mating with a sick cat, can be in a depressed state, naughty in food, chlamydia in the eyes of cats is manifested. During pregnancy, the cat is not treated due to mild symptoms, and childbirth ends with the birth of dead kittens, or they die after a couple of days. And if, nevertheless, the offspring remain alive, then it is noticeably lagging behind in the development and growth of their peers.

In females with a first pregnancy, the greatest number of stillbirths, abortions and other pathologies of fruiting occur. Abortion occurs most often in the second half of pregnancy, when only a few days are left before delivery.

Neonatal form

Chlamydia can also occur in kittens. They have this disease called chlamydia neonatal conjunctivitis. The kitten is infected either through the placenta (transplacental), or during childbirth, when the sick mother passes through the birth canal. Chlamydia penetrate into any open cavity of the fetus and cause infectious pathology. Symptoms of illness in newborn kittens appear only when their eyes open. Bilateral or unilateral conjunctivitis is detected: eyes are narrowed, dark pink conjunctiva, edematous, eyelids stained with purulent-catarrhal or catarrhal secretions. Often, catarrhal discharge also comes from the nose, which stiffens and forms crusts on the upper jaw.

Kittens have coughing and sneezing. At the onset of the disease, they still suck the mother and eat top dressing, but as the infection progresses, the kittens weaken more and more and can no longer hold the nipple in the mouth, they cannot chew. Soon it becomes noticeable how difficult it is for them to move the jaw. Submandibular and other lymph nodes of the head increase in size, and the kittens soon die. The surviving animals suffer from sluggish rhinitis and conjunctivitis for years and release the parasites into the environment all this time.

Complications

Chlamydia in cats in its pure form is noted only at the initial stage of the disease. Given that this parasite affects the open cavities of the body, where there are many other microorganisms, including conditionally pathogenic, it provokes the development of other diseases. By striking epithelial cells and destroying them from the inside, chlamydia create an optimal environment for the attack of another microflora. So there is a secondary or mixed infection, which complicates the course of the disease.

The peculiarity of this disease, which greatly complicates the diagnosis, is a chronic course coupled with an erased clinical picture. Therefore, in order to prescribe the correct treatment of chlamydia in cats, it is necessary to carry out laboratory diagnostics of the pathogen as early as possible and correctly. This can be done in a specialized veterinary diagnostic laboratory.

After confirming the diagnosis, the treatment regimen for chlamydia in cats with tetracycline antibiotics is prescribed. They inhibit the enzymes necessary for chlamydia to synthesize its own protein. Erythromycin and Tylosin preparations are also effective.

It must be remembered that the treatment of chlamydia in cats alone without the advice of a doctor will not bring the desired effect. And the use of antibiotics not prescribed by a veterinarian, can cause the development of resistance to them in the pathogen, which will worsen the prospects for treatment many times.

The immune system of the cat's body gives a strong rebuff to the "enemy". Begin to produce cells that recognize the parasite and marking the localization of the enemy. Then the time comes for killer cells that destroy the infectious agent, and after them the scavenger cells rush in to absorb the remains of the parasite. At the same time, the second front opens: macrophages and neutrophilic leukocytes. They help with the absorption of chlamydia and form an inflammatory reaction when the animal's body temperature rises. It has a detrimental effect on the infection. Unfortunately, not all chlamydia die. Some of them adapt to the immune system.

Prevention

To prevent chlamydia in cats, it is necessary to exclude the contact of their pets with a potential source of infection. Сделать своему питомцу предупредительную прививку (Fel-o-Vax - американская вакцина). Если у животного проявились похожие симптомы, показать его врачу, чтобы максимально быстро диагностировать болезнь и назначить эффективное лечение.

Если намечается вязка, следует поинтересоваться у противоположной стороны наличием заключения о результатах обследования на эту заразу.

Хламидиоз у кошек передается человеку

Еще в прошлом веке было отмечено множество больных, у которых пневмония протекала нетипично. And in all cases, the source of infection was domestic cats who had chlamydia or "cat pneumonia". Cases of acute follicular conjunctivitis were also described when patients had infected pets in the house. Antibodies to the infectious origin and in one and in the other case were isolated from the blood of the hosts and their pets. Moreover, people fell ill immediately after the appearance of signs of illness in their pets.

There are also adherents of the theory that chlamydia from cats to humans cannot be transmitted. Their main rationale is that Chlamydophila felis, which is responsible for the disease in animals, is not capable of being transmitted to humans, even with very close communication.

Which of the theories to believe, everyone decides for himself. After all, self-hypnosis can also act as a kind of "protection" against the occurrence of the disease. But most scientists and practitioners attribute the infection to anthropozoonosis diseases (chlamydia in cats is transmitted to humans), and owners of sick animals, like veterinary specialists involved in their treatment, should follow all necessary preventive measures.

Also, you should not allow your child to squeeze a pet that has chlamydia in cats, or there are similar symptoms. The modern world is very unstable, and more and more new “sores” are announced every day. Therefore, even the most minimal measures to ensure the safety of their own and their loved ones will not be redundant.

Chlamydia - a brief overview

The disease is caused by an intracellular parasite, which in its structure and vital activity lies on the border between the bacterium and the virus. The fact that chlamydia is inside the cells of the body, and makes them resistant to therapeutic drugs, opening all the ways for a chronic course.

Infection occurs through contact, airborne, sexual and nutritional (through food). The incubation period is 7-10 days (in some sources from 5 to 15), i.e. with its symptoms, the disease begins to manifest itself precisely after this time after the contact of a healthy cat with the patient. Rodents also play a significant role in the spread of infection.

Absolutely all cats are infected, regardless of gender, age or breed. Hard to get sick kittens.

In its pure form, chlamydia in baleen pets is very rare, more often it is joined by other infections against the background of weakened immunity.

Each form of the disease in its unexpressed clinic has serious consequences for the cat's body:

Symptoms of the disease

External signs of feline chlamydia depend on how strong the pathogen has been, how long it has been in the animal's body, which organs and systems have been affected and how immune the immune system is able to fight it.

For acute and chronic. In acute cases, clinical signs are more pronounced.

At the onset of the disease, the temperature does not rise or rises slightly. On the appetite and general condition of the infection at the beginning of infection is usually not reflected. In chronic course, the heart may be impaired.

What to look for when the eyes are damaged
  • there is profuse tearing,
  • mucous eyes (conjunctiva) strongly reddens and swells,
  • the third eyelid may substantially extend, which also looks strongly reddened and swollen,
  • the peculiarity of chlamydia conjunctivitis is that first one eye is affected, and several days later the second.

If left untreated, conjunctivitis will turn into serious eye diseases resulting in blindness — cataracts, keratoconjunctivitis, and others, and the infection itself will become chronic. In this form, the eyes are constantly reddened, outflows from the eyes are not very abundant, but regular, and dry in the corners of the eyes with crusts (this is especially noticeable after sleep).

Genital chlamydia
  • infertility,
  • miscarriage
  • abortion and preterm labor,
  • the birth of a weak and unviable litter,
  • intrauterine infection of kittens,
  • infertility in males.
If the respiratory system is affected
  • severe pneumonia, chronic pneumonia,
  • pulmonary edema,
  • doom

Symptoms of the disease

External signs of feline chlamydia depend on how strong the pathogen has been, how long it has been in the animal's body, which organs and systems have been affected and how immune the immune system is able to fight it.

For acute and chronic. In acute cases, clinical signs are more pronounced.

At the onset of the disease, the temperature does not rise or rises slightly. On the appetite and general condition of the infection at the beginning of infection is usually not reflected. In chronic course, the heart may be impaired.

What to look for when the eyes are damaged
  • there is profuse tearing,
  • mucous eyes (conjunctiva) strongly reddens and swells,
  • the third eyelid may substantially extend, which also looks strongly reddened and swollen,
  • the peculiarity of chlamydia conjunctivitis is that first one eye is affected, and several days later the second.

If left untreated, conjunctivitis will turn into serious eye diseases resulting in blindness — cataracts, keratoconjunctivitis, and others, and the infection itself will become chronic. In this form, the eyes are constantly reddened, outflows from the eyes are not very abundant, but regular, and dry in the corners of the eyes with crusts (this is especially noticeable after sleep).

With the defeat of the respiratory tract
  • nasal discharge
  • coughing or slight coughing
  • wheezing
  • dyspnea,
  • pneumonia develops
  • the temperature rises.
Genital chlamydia
  • asymptomatic
  • occasionally there may be minor outflows from the vulva, but for the owners they pass unnoticed.

What and how to treat

The diagnosis is made only on the basis of a special analysis for chlamydia. One clinical examination cannot determine this infection.

Smears and washes from the eyes, nose and / or genitals are sent to the laboratory. The study is conducted in two different ways, because with frequent accession of a secondary infection, there may be errors in the results.

Treatment of chlamydia in cats is usually not difficult, especially if the diagnosis was made in a timely manner, and the veterinary specialist prescribed a therapeutic regimen. If you try to cure the infection yourself, the risk is high to bring the disease to a chronic course, and microorganisms will develop resistance to improperly chosen antibacterial agents.

After prescribing the treatment regimen, all manipulations can be performed at home, if the cat has no complications in the lungs and breathing is not difficult. In this case, the sick animal must be isolated from other pets, if they are. No special diet required.

Treatment with antibacterial drugs and antibiotics should continue even after the disappearance of the clinical picture of the disease, i.e. at least 3-4 weeks.

If you do not comply with the duration of treatment, chlamydia will develop resistance to therapeutic drugs, which will significantly complicate the cure. At the end of the entire course of treatment it is good to have a control test for chlamydia, because the disappearance of symptoms does not always mean a cure.

Antibiotics

The tetracycline series is best, the rest are significantly weaker, are assigned less frequently or in combination:

  • tetracycline (about 25-40 rubles. tablets): 7-12 mg / kg twice a day intramuscularly or 10-25 mg / kg orally at regular intervals. Not all cats tolerate this antibiotic well. It is necessary to start therapy with the minimum therapeutic dose, gradually bringing to the desired therapeutic (for 3-5 days),
  • doxycycline (up to 40 rubles / 20 tab.): orally 5-10 mg / kg once a day,
  • minocycline, metacycline: the dosage is similar to that of tetracycline,
  • chloramphenicol (about 120 rubles / tab.): 10-15 mg / kg orally 2-3 times / day,
  • cefotaxime (about 140 rubles / 5 flasks): intramuscularly twice a day 0.1 ml / kg with a dilution of 1 g of the substance in 5 ml of novocaine,
  • erythromycin (70-110 rubles): by mouth 10-20 mg / kg every 8 or 12 hours.

Eye ointments and drops

Use only after pre-cleaning the eyes of pus and dry crusts with chamomile decoction or saline:

  • tetracycline eye ointment 1% (50-70 rubles): put a small amount in the lower eyelid 2-3 times / day for 5-7 days,
  • Erythromycin ointment 10000 U (70-100 rubles): use similarly with tetracycline ointment,
  • chloramphenicol drops (about 20 rubles): 1 drop in each eye up to 3-4 times / day in a course of at least 1 week. If there is no noticeable improvement on day 3, the tool needs to be replaced,
  • “Iris” drops (on average about 125 rubles): drip in both eyes 1-2 drops 3-4 times / day for 10 days. These same drops can be washed from dried purulent crusts,
  • drops "Bars" (up to 130 rubles): used for washing and relieving pain in the eyes before the drug treatment (there is novocaine in the composition),
  • Decta 2 drops (up to 110 rubles): 2-3 drops 2-3 times / day in the affected eyes until the clinical manifestations of the disease are eliminated (on average 3-5 days).

Immunomodulators (with a long course of the disease)

  • gamavit (115-130 rubles / 10 ml): from 1 to 3 subcutaneous injections per week at a dose of 0.1 ml / kg of cat weight during a month (minimum 2 weeks),
  • Immunofan (200-300 rubles / 5 amp.): 3 injections every other day (subcutaneously or into a muscle) or 1 time / week. during the month, 1 ml per cat,
  • Maxidine (about 225 rubles / 5 amp.): 0.5 ml / 5 kg of animal weight twice a day for 2-5 days in the form of intramuscular or subcutaneous injections,
  • fosprenil (about 130 rubles / 10 ml): once a day at 0.2 ml / kg for 3 days (intravenously, into a muscle or subcutaneously).

Lactobacillus

It is advisable to give throughout the entire course of antibiotic therapy, especially if antibiotics are given in tablets:

  • lactobiphid, lactoferon (60-100 rubles / 20 tab.): 1 tablet of dry or softened boiled water 1-2 times a day,
  • Lactobacterin (about 150 rubles / 10 flaks.): once a day for 1 dose, diluted in 1 tsp. milk for 40-60 minutes before the main feeding,
  • Lactobifadol (50-70 rubles / 50 g): 0.2 g / kg of the cat's weight 1-2 times / day, diluted with slightly warm milk or boiled water in a teaspoon (not hot!).

How to avoid infection (prevention of chlamydia infection in cats)

The disease is insidious in its asymptomatic course, so it is better to prevent it than to treat it:

  1. Avoid pet contact with unreliable street cats. Exclude free range on unfamiliar terrain.
  2. Conduct prophylactic vaccination (vaccine: Nobivak Forket, ChlamyKon, Felovaks, Purevaks RCPCh, Multifel-4, Katavak Chlamydia), but after a preliminary analysis of the disease, in order not to aggravate health.
  3. Regular check-ups at the vet.
  4. Regular rodent control measures.
  5. Mating with pedigree cats with cats / cats is permissible only after analysis for chlamydia.

How to understand that the cat is sick with chlamydia?

The danger of the spread of infection between cats is that the animal may simply be an asymptomatic carrier of the infection (up to 12% of all cases). In other cases, these are eye and pulmonary forms: reddening of the conjunctiva, severe edema, bulging of the third century, active tearing, parallel discharge from the nose, the cat begins to sneeze and rub its paws and eyes. In rare cases, a cough may appear.

The remaining forms (intestinal, gastric and genital) are usually asymptomatic. This disease decently inhibits immunity, which gives room for secondary infections. Owners carry pets to a veterinarian with a single disease, and during the course of diagnosis they may find out that the cat also has chlamydia.

How to treat chlamydia in cats?

This infectious disease is successfully treated. There are no treatment patterns - only an individual approach to each animal is separate and only for the purpose of a specialist. The treatment regimen will depend on whether there are more comorbidities and infections. Mandatory antibiotic therapy (tetracycline antibiotics course up to 3-4 weeks) and eye symptomatic means to eliminate local reactions. Often prescribed drugs to maintain or stimulate the immune system to fight infection.

Is feline chlamydia dangerous to humans?

The disease is not dangerous for a person. The likelihood of being infected by a sick animal during its treatment and care, while observing all the rules of hygiene, is very small. If it is transmitted, it manifests itself in the form of chlamydia conjunctivitis, which is quickly and successfully treated with properly selected antibiotics. For pregnant women, the "cat" strain is not dangerous. It is also not dangerous for the fetus, but this fact does not cancel the rules for maintaining personal hygiene when dealing with a baleen pet during pregnancy, especially if the animal is still sick.

Can a cat be vaccinated against chlamydia?

Yes, it is possible and necessary, because after an illness, the immunity is produced very weakly or not at all, therefore no animals are insured against reinfection. Vaccinations are made with mono- or polyvaccines only to healthy pets after a preliminary examination by a veterinarian and de-worming. Polyvaccines are not very suitable, because revaccination is done every 4 months, and they are significantly more expensive than single vaccines.

The most famous mono vaccines are Katavak Chlamydia and ChlamyCon. However, continuous vaccination is not recommended, since There are a number of side effects. There must be evidence (for example, an outbreak of chlamydia in the cat's habitat area or when there are many cats in the house, one is sick, and you need to protect the other).

It is important to note that not a single vaccine protects the cat from the disease by 100%, however, it significantly simplifies the course and clinical manifestations.

20 comments

the cat has 4 months, the right eye sees less, and the left one ... was like a "third eye", jumped out, then with internal antibiotics, came down (the third eye), and there was already hope ... that the left eye would see ... but again another attack appeared ... began to tighten, some thickened, incomprehensible dull color, film, and the eye itself is now, slightly visible, activity, and everything attached, in the development of a cat, seems like a normal one. But the question: "how to be with a little eye "?

Hello! The cat must be shown to a specialist, otherwise the cat risks losing his sight. Most likely, there was a corneal injury, but due to improper self-treatment, the condition worsened and developed into erosion. The risk of blindness is present.

The third eyelid may fall out due to inflammation, and maybe adenoma - only an operative intervention will help here (only the doctor who sees the eyes himself will say for sure).

Until you reach the doctor, smear both eyes (straight with your finger over the cornea - the convex transparent part) with an eye ointment of tetracycline 1% 4-5 times a day for 7-10 days. In this period of time to show the cat to the vet is just necessary!

good evening! which analysis will best show the presence of chlamydia in a cat? From this article, I realized that almost all cats have chlamydia, at least they are all its carriers .. so what’s the point of doing some kind of analysis, if it’s so clear what is chlamydia present?

Hello! You asked a question and answered it yourself: it is advisable to carry out an analysis for chlamydia only when the cat has clinical signs of a certain disease similar to chlamydia, and the diagnosis needs to be excluded or confirmed in order for the treatment to be effective. Something to look for when the cat looks clinically healthy - there is no point at all. The analysis will show the presence of antibodies to chlamydia, but it absolutely will not mean that the cat is sick, it can really be just a carrier. It is also like taking a wash from the hands of any person, even the most healthy person, and find all possible bacteria there, because they are there anyway, but that does not mean that a person suffers from all these diseases.

thank you very much for the answer .. maybe you can help with advice - what tests to pass, to determine that with a cat ... she is 6 years old, we bought her at the market without any vaccinations, etc., we just regretted, there was a white spot on one eye, (I don’t know a cataract or cataract) and we were deceived that she was 3 months old, she was very small. In fact, she was at least six months old .. she sat among other kittens very boring .. a son persuaded her to buy ... her first pregnancy ended with Caesarian cross section, could not give birth, the kitten was stuck, after a month about she and 3 kittens were sick ate rhinotracheitis .. (we live in the private sector) ..two kittens died, and 1 survived when they recovered - they were given a vaccination - biofel..she a year later, again like rhinotracheitis .. was treated .. in winter, 16 years old, the cat began sour 1 eye, then both .. and the cat after a while also 1 eye, then both ... first treated with drops, while the drops disappeared, the discharge stopped, just finished dripping, again the discharge .. brown, when wiped with a cotton swab, and the corners of the eyes are brown crusts .. they have handed over the cat to wash out of the eye and on sensitivity to antibiotics ... but while waiting the answer is, the cat disappeared and did not return, or he just died fighting with cats or dogs, or this disease killed him, I don’t know .. but closer to spring, the cat started to discharge again from the eyes, the temperature rose to 41, she did not eat and I didn’t drink, I went to the doctor, he said - some kind of viral infection .. they underwent a course of treatment - antibiotics, immuno modulators, vitamins .. like she recovered, after some time everything was repeated ... they turned to another doctor, a blood test showed ,(якобы) проблемы с печенью, пролечились пока лечились- вроде улучшение, только закончили, опять тоже….сейчас пошли к другому врачу..опять сделали биохимию и гематологию крови , тест на лейкоз и иммунодефицит, результат-отрицательный..сказали сдать на хламидии..я уже поняла, что это не даст ничего..может быть вы подскажете — в каком направлении двигаться , и на какую болезнь это похоже, потому что уже и кошка и мы устали…еще забыла сказать , она ни с того, ни с сего начинала хромать на переднюю лапку и так же переставала , на следующий курс лечения -тоже хромала и само по себе это проходило..

Так, давайте по порядку! В вашем случае у Вашей киски явно слабый иммунитет, который дает сбои при каждом удобном случае. Если Вы грешите на хламидиоз, то Вам не анализ крови уже сдавать надо, а соскоб с конъюнктивы, чтобы именно выявить или исключить хламидии, а не антитела к ним. Еще такой момент: хламидиоз — это хроническая инфекция в основном, поэтому лечение должно быть достаточно длительным. Могу допустить, что Ваши курсовки были короткие, поэтому рецидивы после окончания лечения вполне обоснованы, т.е. Вы не долечивались до конца. Вопросы с печенью понятны, т.к. столько всего лечебного в кошку было введено, что для печени это бесследно пройти не могло.

Могу предложить Вам следующую схему лечения: "сажаем" кошку на Гепатоджект: внутримышечно или подкожно в дозе 1 мл однократно в день — отличный препарат, хорошо действующий на печень. При хламидиозе хорошо себя показывают антибиотики тетрациклинового ряда, поэтому сделайте курсовку этого антибиотика внутрь по 20 мг/кг трижды в день в течение 3-4 недель (да, именно в течение месяца почти, иначе результата не будет). Глазки: обычная мазь глазная тетрациклиновая 1% в каждый глаз по 4-5 раз в день в течение 3 недель после предварительного очищения глазок отваром ромашки. Выдавливаете на пальчик капельку мази и прямо по роговице делаете мазок, кошечка моргнет и в глазике все как надо распространится. Даже если вдруг кошке станет лучше после лекарств — бросать курс нельзя, его следует довести до конца. Together with tetracycline, you need to add a broad-spectrum antibiotic, because Chlamydia rarely goes in its pure form, almost always the infection is associated with something else. Tylosin: intramuscularly in a dose of 0.2 ml / kg for 7 days once a day (legs for injection to change every day - left, right, left, right, etc.). A week before the end of treatment with tetracycline, you can add any immunomodulator that you have freely available (it would be good to have gamavit - 0.1 ml / kg) - to consolidate the result, as they say.

I understand your fatigue, but the cat needs to be saved. We will pull it out if you do everything the way I wrote, without stepping back from the course.

Thank you very much for answering ... do you think that this is similar to chlamydia and you need to do a scraping from the conjunctiva? Or wash it out of your eyes? (How to say) and will this analysis be plausible, because she already took so many antibiotics? 100 and smear with oxytetracycline ointment ... the temperature is already lower, but it is still boring, it sits like a lumpy sparrow .. it shows that she is not healthy .. if we finish the course on February 18, when can we pass the scraping?

The course of tetracyclines should be 3-4 weeks, hydroxy-100 is administered up to 5 days (up to a week). Further in tablets it is necessary to continue tetracycline. Scraping can be done anytime, it is important that you want to determine - the presence of chlamydia in general or to check the effectiveness of treatment. If at all, it is possible to do scraping now, if treatment is only at the end of the entire therapeutic course.

Good evening! Sorry, for God's sake, I want to clarify the dose. If I understood correctly, it’s not tetracycline to give a shot, but tablets inside ... if it has 2 kg, then tetracycline should be 40 mg per dose? and I usually pricked gamavit 1 ml per day, and you advise 0, 1 ml / kg ... is that enough? And she remembered, then in the winter of 2016, the cat was smeared out of sight for sensitivity. They determined the presence of staphylococcus hemolytic ... Perhaps the cat also has it .. And, please, tell me, can she make an intramuscular injection with an insulin syringe? Thank you in advance…

Yes, tetracycline 40 mg per reception. What part of the pill - determine for yourself, depending on what dosage they will be.

Gamavit: 0.1 ml / kg is the minimum prophylactic dose, the treatment reaches 0.5 ml / kg (here is your 1 ml and it turns out). Enter 1 ml - harm will not be accurate! You can enter Gamavit-Forte - there is interferon in the composition, the secondary antiviral effect is well spurred.

Theoretically, an injection can be given with an insulin syringe, but I personally do not see any particular need for this. A conventional double-cube syringe has a needle that is normal in thickness. But if you are so comfortable, then please.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH . GOD GIVE YOU HEALTH !!

Hello. Tell me, please, how to treat eyes with chlamydia. Chlamydia was found in my cats, antibiotics and eye medications were prescribed, but they are very expensive and not enough for proper treatment. Can I use tetracycline ointment to treat this infection? If so, how many times a day should it be smeared? And is it possible to use erythromycin eye ointment? And also how to use it? And what will happen if you smear your eyes fewer times?

Hello! Chlamydia of the eye is treated not only locally, it is necessary to give an antibiotic inside too. Immune modulator is important too! Moreover, the course will be quite long, otherwise this ailment cannot be overcome (3-4 weeks for sure, despite the fact that it will become easier in the first or second week). You can take the most common tetracycline and erythromycin, for example. Or doxycycline. One antibiotic will be in the eyes, the other inside. In the eyes you can drop, you can ointment, it is important to apply only after prior cleansing. Dosages are indicated in the article. It is all a mere penny. The frequency of administration and use of drops / ointments is very important. If you violate the kursovka and give / smear / drip the medicine less than necessary, you can develop resistance to the pathogen and a desire for efficacy to zero.

Hello! The cat had chlamydia, was treated with antibiotics, now the analysis shows that she was cured. Is it possible after suffering illness
nor chlamydia inoculate multifel-4?

Hello! Vaccinations do not make sick and weakened cats. An animal in the recovery period after any illness is considered weak. The vaccination can be done, but not earlier than one month after the recovery.

Hello, tell me please, the kitten is 2.5 months old, taken from the street, they were with two veterinarians and not a single one said about chlamydia during the examination, although the eyes were already flowing. Kapnul droplets him from ticks, worms and fleas. Four days have passed, but the eyes still flow and a little pus, but very small lumps are collected and the kitten limps on its foot, first for one few days, now for another. both front. Could this be a symptom of chlamydia?
There are no other symptoms. I would not sound the alarm, but children are at home.

Good evening, the question is, a cat and a cat live in the apartment, as it turned out the cat has congenital chlamydia, kittens cannot have, except for infertility, she does not have any signs of chlamydia, the cat has eyes and conjunctivitis are straight Malinki such inside the eyes, donated blood for chlamydia, in a cat-4 indicator, in a cat-0,1. They have been living together for 4 years, we cannot cure it, in a cat a second blood test showed-4, and in a cat with a conjunctiva, showed a positive result, and blood-0, 1 again. We went to a clinic in another city, they told everything, they showed everything, we were told that most likely latent stage and if the cat feels normal, you can not heal. But he always has red eyes, Dekta 2 saves us, and then again, all over again, as soon as they smell. Is the form not latent? I would like to know your opinion doctor and what would you do: can the tests be re-handed over. And they told us in the laboratory that all the same, even if you cure animals, the coefficient for blood sampling will show the presence of chlamydia, what should we do?

Hello! If the animal is a carrier of chlamydia, the blood will always give a positive test. The difference is only in the title. Those. it may not be a hidden form of chlamydia, but the carrier state. Need to flush out of eyes. Now, if there is, then you need treatment. At the exit you get, the cat is the carrier, and the cat is sick, because susceptible to infection. It happens quite often. The main thing for you is that the animal looks healthy, and the fact that it will be a carrier at the exit is no way to go.

Chlamydia conjunctivitis is treated with antibiotics of the tetracycline series for a very long time (at least 3-4 weeks, even with the condition that there will be no external symptoms). Ideally, wash away the eyes and test chlamydia's sensitivity to a specific antibiotic, so the therapeutic effect will show itself faster and more steadily. It is necessary to treat both external means and inside to give tablets. If the treatment is abandoned ahead of time, the bacteria will gradually develop resistance to antibacterial drugs and it will be very difficult to cure! Those. if you begin to heal, do everything patiently and as it should be. If you remove chlamydia from the eyes, and considering the chronic course of the infection specifically with your cat, I recommend: topically in the eyes erythromycin / tetracycline ointment / gel / drops (any form for eyes) 3 weeks clearly (right eye smear on the cornea gently or drip directly on eye) 2-3 times a day, orally doxycycline at a dose of 5 mg / kg once a day for two weeks. The course does not stop, even if you begin to notice what has become better.

Hello. What can you advise about the cat, in July, they went to the cat for mating (by car 6 hours) went out on the 4th day of estrus, he had a day. There is no pregnancy. In September, the cat went to the same place again, only on day 2 of estrus, was with the cat for 6 days. A month later, there was no ultrasound pregnancy. In the first weeks after the mating, there was some kind of dark discharge, a drop dried out, removed it with a wet cotton wool (did not attach significance, hoped for pregnancy). Now what do we do, are we going to another cat, what should we pierce, what tests should we give?

Good day!
Have handed over an avalanche tests at a cat. Chlamydia is detected as I understand it in the active stage. Wheezing is present when asleep. Eyes do not water.
The vet prescribed treatment injections and pills.
When the husband made an injection, the cat scratched him.
Is there a risk of infection?
I am now pregnant and important is the increased purity and health of those around me.
Thanks for the answer!

Causes of infection

The causative agent of highly contagious infections are obligate microorganisms Chlamydophila Felis and Chlamydia psittaci. The first type of pathogen causes mainly inflammation of the conjunctiva in domestic cats and is a species-specific intracellular parasite.

Chlamydia psittaci is characterized by a more extensive list of clinical manifestations in pets and is often transmitted from sick birds. Chlamydia is also dangerous for people who come into contact with sick animals.

Infection of domestic cats often occurs when hunting for birds, rodents. For a healthy pet, contact with an infected animal, as well as its metabolic products (feces, urine, saliva), is dangerous. The most common way of infection with chlamydia is airborne and sexual way. Newborn kittens become infected in utero and during childbirth.

Chlamydia can also be infected by an absolutely domestic cat that never leaves the apartment. The pathogen is often brought with shoes, things by the owner himself from the street. When households come into contact with stray animals, the risk of infection of a fluffy homebody increases sharply.

The risk group includes cats in contact with poultry. The possibility of infection increases when there are several pets in the room. Often, nurseries specializing in breeding cats with non-compliance with preventive measures are often subjected to mass infection of young stock.

A pathogen can exist outside the body of a domestic cat from 24 to 36 hours. UV investment is detrimental to the microorganism. Boiling kills chlamydia for 1 minute. In relation to disinfectants, the pathogen is selective and is destroyed only by special solutions (phenol, chloramine, etc.). The relative stability of chlamydia in the environment causes their widespread prevalence among mammals, including humans.

Chlamydia symptoms

Initially, after entering the animal, chlamydia attack the epithelial cells lining the mucosa of the conjunctiva, oral cavity, pharynx, stomach, intestines, urinary system and rectum. Microorganisms neutralize the protection of the cell and multiply freely in it. The incubation period is from 7 to 14 days.

Veterinary experts recommend to pay attention to the following symptoms in the pet with the aim of early seeking qualified help:

  • Rhinitis. Outflows from the nasal cavity are transparent. The animal has frequent sneezing, wheezing.
  • At the beginning of the disease, there is sometimes a slight fever. In individuals with a weakened immune system, fever often develops.
  • Drowsiness, apathy, drowsy, depressed.
  • Bad appetite, refusal to feed.
  • Conjunctivitis. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye begins with the expiration of the serous character. With a complication of a secondary infection, the color of the mucous becomes brick-red, and the outflows become purulent. Observed conjunctival edema. Defeat is more often unilateral. Often, inflammation takes the form of follicular conjunctivitis.
(A) Conjunctivitis in young cats caused by Chlamydophila Felis. Pay attention to conjunctival hyperemia and chemosis. (B) 3 weeks after treatment with oral doxycycline and tetracycline / polymyxin B ointment.
  • An animal in the world to squint, trying to hide in a dark place. There is tearing and blepharospasm.
  • The phenomena of pneumonia: cough, wheezing, heavy breathing. In severe cases, pulmonary edema may develop.
  • Impaired digestion: vomiting, constipation, diarrhea.
  • Infertility, spontaneous abortions, the birth of nonviable offspring.
  • In males, in rare cases, urethritis and inflammation of the head and foreskin of the penis (balanoposthitis) are noted.
Damage to the joints with chlamydia

In some cases, chlamydial infection manifests limping, stiffness of the joints. At a young age, the infection is accompanied by short stature, a lag in growth and development from breed standards.

In veterinary practice, there are acute and chronic manifestations of the disease. The acute form is characterized by a vivid manifestation of the clinical picture. Chronic disease is latent and may be asymptomatic for the owner.

What is the danger of illness

The insidiousness of the disease lies in the fact that in its pure form the infection exists only in the early stages of the introduction of microorganisms into epithelial cells. Having destroyed the intracellular protection factors, chlamydia provoke the development of a secondary infection. This situation not only aggravates the clinical picture of the disease, but also complicates the implementation of diagnostic measures.

Chlamydia life cycle

Chronic disease leads to impaired reproductive function of the animal. The cat has spontaneous abortions, the birth of unviable kittens. For newborns, the infection is often fatal.

There is evidence that chlamydia, developing in the cylindrical epithelium of the urogenital system, provoke the development of inflammatory processes in the kidneys, leading to the development of urolithiasis in domestic cats.

Analyzes to detect the disease

Diagnosis of the disease includes both clinical methods and laboratory methods. In a specialized institution, a fluffy pet will take blood and take conjunctival scrapings or swabs. In the analysis of blood pay attention to leukocytosis, characteristic of the infectious process.

ELISA for Chlamydia

In scrapings and smears detect cytoplastic chlamydial inclusions. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is also used for diagnosis, which allows the detection of specific antigens in biological material.

Polymerase chain reaction is a high-precision method for diagnosing an infection. The study allows to detect single copies of chlamydia in the samples.

An important place is occupied by the differential diagnosis of chlamydia from other infections with similar manifestations. The veterinarian excludes the following diseases: viral rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis, reovirus infection, bordetellosis.

To exclude non-infectious pneumonia, an x-ray examination of the chest can be performed.

Treatment of chlamydia in cats

Prescribe effective treatment can only veterinary specialist on the basis of the results of diagnostic studies. Self-therapy of an insidious disease can lead to serious complications and even death of a pet. If there are no severe complications in the form of pulmonary edema, the sick cat can be treated at home, strictly following all the doctor's instructions.

An integrated approach to getting rid of chlamydial infection includes:

  • The general use of antibacterial drugs. In veterinary practice, tetracycline antibiotics (tetracycline, erythromycin, doxycycline) are used to treat chlamydia. When they are intolerable, fluoroquinolone agents can be prescribed, for example, Ciprofloxacin. The drugs are used in the form of tablets or intramuscularly. The course of treatment is usually long - at least 30 days.

  • Topical treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs. To reduce the inflammatory processes in the mucous membrane of the eyes, rinsing with a solution of chamomile, sage is used. In case of pronounced conjunctivitis, chloramphenicol drops are prescribed, and a tetracycline ointment is placed in the subconjunctival sac.

  • Immunomodulatory therapy helps to strengthen the immune system of the animal. For this purpose, the sick cat is prescribed Roncoleukin, Gamavit, Fosprenil, etc.
  • For symptoms of dehydration, intravenous fluids of saline and glucose are used.

In the event that the owner has several cats, all animals must be subjected to antibiotic therapy. With effective treatment, the prognosis is favorable.

For the treatment of chlamydia in cats, see this video:

Can it be transmitted to man

Chlamydial infection is dangerous not only for representatives of the feline genus, but also for the household. A person may become infected while caring for a sick and recovering pet if they do not follow the rules of personal hygiene. The disease manifests itself in the form of conjunctivitis.

Infection of pregnant women can lead to infertility. Small children, elderly and sick members of a family with a weakened immune system should also be protected from contact with sick animals.

The greatest danger threatens the owner and the household during the chronic course of the disease, when the illness is asymptomatic, and it is impossible to guess that the animal has a dangerous infection.

Chlamydia vaccinations

Currently, several vaccines are used in veterinary medicine to prevent the development of infection in domestic cats. The highly effective live vaccine Katavac Chlamydia is produced abroad. Российским аналогом является биологический препарат ХламиКон. Оба профилактических средства относятся к группе моновакцин.

Among polyvalent prophylactic drugs, Multifel-4 vaccine is used, which in addition to chlamydia protects the domestic cat from diseases such as calcivirosis, panleukopenia and viral tracheitis. The foreign analogue of the domestic vaccine is Felovax-4, produced in the United States of America and Purevaks RCPCh (manufactured in France).

A prerequisite for preventive treatment should be prior deworming and animal health. In this regard, the owner before the routine vaccination should be tested pet for the presence of chlamydia in the body.

In areas with a high risk of infection, vaccination of domestic cats should be carried out regularly. It is mandatory preventive immunization of cats exposed to the exhibition, and breeding animals.

Chlamydia in domestic cats is a highly contagious infection, mainly with respiratory symptoms and the development of characteristic conjunctivitis. Diagnosis of the disease is based on laboratory analysis of biological materials.

Treatment with antibacterial drugs for a long time, under the supervision of a veterinary specialist. As an active prevention, a number of vaccines have been developed that prevent the infection of a domestic cat.

Toxoplasmosis occurs in cats due to contact with rodents and birds. But she also becomes infected without going outside.

Especially dangerous for a pregnant cat and its offspring is infection such as chlamydia.

However, if this physiological process in a cat becomes regular. like feline immunodeficiency virus, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, bordetellosis.

Causative agent of chlamydia in cats

It is also worth remembering that this is a zooanthroponotic disease that is transmitted from animals to humans. Chlamydia is something between a virus and a bacterium, so it’s not so easy to fight this microorganism. Chlamydia in a cat is caused by C.Psittaci (biotype No. 7). The cell wall and the intermediate layer are a peptidoglycan layer characteristic of gram-negative bacteria. However, if we study the pathogen in more detail, it turns out that the genetic apparatus (namely, elementary bodies) is represented by one DNA molecule, while RNA is located in the ribosomes.

Chlamydia is also commonly called obligate parasites (intracellular). This is due to the fact that chlamydia does not have its own energy metabolism, and therefore they need “host” cells, in which chlamydia also “parasitize”. The causative agent multiplies by simple binary division. All mammals and 132 species of birds are susceptible to chlamydia. Cats also are infected by airborne (airborne) and sexual. The most susceptible are young animals (aged from 5 weeks to 7 months). This disease is also dangerous for a person who is in close contact with a sick mustache.

And it is absolutely not necessary that the animal will have obvious symptoms of chlamydia. Even latently (hidden, imperceptibly) the disease can cause a lot of trouble. And then a person who is infected by a cat can repartition other people. That is why it is very important to take care of prevention in time, and also immediately seek help from a veterinarian.

The very same cat can become infected from other meowing fellows (usually stray) or rodents (rats, mice). The pathogen enters the environment with discharge from the eyes and nose. Carriage persists for a long time. When chlamydia enter the cat's body (through the eyes, respiratory or genital tract), they immediately penetrate the mucous membrane (more precisely, into epithelial cells), multiplying in them. Then, with the blood flow, microorganisms spread throughout the body, getting into all internal organs, joints, lymph nodes, spinal cord and brain, affecting them.

Bright symptoms of chlamydia in cats in the photo:

Symptoms of chlamydia in cats do not appear from the first day after infection, but after 5-10 days (this is how long the incubation period will last). However, there is an acute and chronic course. In chronic course, the signs of chlamydia in cats are not so noticeable. The animal recorded periods of exacerbation (relapse) and attenuation (remission).

Latent form of chlamydia in cats

If the cat has strong immunity, then chlamydia occurs in a latent form (latent). At first, there is a slight fever that lasts only a couple of days. In general, the pet's condition is satisfactory. Appetite is preserved and activity does not suffer. Therefore, it is possible to suspect that something is wrong in extremely rare cases. Even if the cat has a little teary eyes, the owner perceives it as a cold.

The first days of 10-17 conjunctivitis in only one eye, then the second one is “connected”. Eyelid blush red and swollen. And such a condition can stretch from a couple of days to several months. If purulent crusts appear, this is due to the addition of a secondary (secondary) pathogenic microflora (bacteria, often cocci). Pneumonia, which develops with a latent form, is very difficult to diagnose. This is due to the fact that small peripheral areas of the lungs with bronchioles are inflamed, breathing is almost not disturbed (as small areas of the lung suffer, then aeration changes only in them). Yes, and to confirm the diagnosis of pneumonia is often possible only by histological examination.

The reproductive system also suffers. Cats develop cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix), urethritis, permanent abortion (abortion). In males, orchitis (inflammation of the testes) and balanoposthitis (inflammation of the glans penis and the inner leaflet of the foreskin).

Acute and chronic forms of chlamydia in cats

With chronic course, these symptoms are so invisible that it is almost impossible to guess about the disease. And this is extremely dangerous, since getting infected from it is easier than ever. Who does not like to hold the cat on the handles, to stroke her, play with her. And what affectionate pet does not poke his wet nose in the morning in a sleepy face? But such contacts can cause human infection.

In acute, the signs of chlamydia in a cat become more visible. However, not all owners attach importance to them. Over time, the disease fades and goes into the chronicle. And getting rid of it is not so easy.

Treatment of chlamydia in cats begins with an accurate diagnosis. For only one symptom to confirm the diagnosis is impossible. Laboratory diagnosis is absolutely necessary, because it is full of infectious diseases with similar clinical signs (herpesvirus, calicivirus, mycoplasmosis, reovirus.)

The state of immunity plays a huge role in the appointment of drugs for therapy.

Not all antibiotics are able to defeat chlamydia. Therefore, it is not necessary to engage in self-treatment, contact a qualified veterinary specialist. He will prescribe tetracycline antibiotics (oxytetracycline, doxycycline, tetracycline hydrochloride, and others).

When prescribing them, milk is excluded from the diet. Since the combination of magnesium and calcium ions with antibiotics from the tetracycline series (especially if doxycycline is used) leads to the formation of insoluble compounds. Sulfonamides, penicillins and -micins (neomycin, streptomycin, biomycin) are banned because they are useless in the fight against chlamydia!

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