How many eggs does a laying chicken have per day? Egg breeds of chickens


Egg is a valuable and necessary product for the human diet. Eggs are nutritious, rich in proteins, amino acids, vitamins, and besides, they are quite easy to digest. In everyday life, people eat eggs for breakfast, add to pastries, make snacks and more. It can be said that a chicken egg is one of the most popular and frequently used products in the world.

That is why farmers and poultry farmers simply strive to achieve the maximum egg production of chickens.

How many eggs does a chicken carry?

On the day, the hen blows one egg at a time, with proper care and feeding. It so happens that the chicken rushes through the day, or after two days.

Factors affecting chicken production are:

  • breed,
  • health and age
  • season,
  • proper feeding and care.

On an average weekly, one hen blows from 3 to 7 eggs.

In the month of one chicken is able to carry from 15 to 30 eggs.

In a year, the hen blows from 200 to 300 eggs, and under the most successful conditions of keeping and feeding, it can carry 330 eggs! Meat chickens carry 120-150 eggs per year.

How do egg layouts vary by breed?

There are special egg breeds of chickens. For example:

  • Laurent Brown.
  • Leghorn
  • Tetra TL.
  • Russian white.
  • Ukrainian Ushanka.
  • Hein-line.

Chickens of such breeds begin to be born from 4-5 months. They have a special egg production. So, in 1930, the chicken leggorn breed hit the Guinness Book of Records, having demolished 361 eggs in a year!

Laying birds differ from other breeds in low weight and size, dense plumage and resistant ridge.

Universal meat and egg breeds are mostly born by crossing egg and meat chickens. Begin to sweep in 5-6 months. These chickens are not as productive as laying hens, so a single hen is able to produce 170–200 eggs per year, which is a good result, considering their weight. But some poultry farmers note the taste qualities of the eggs of these chickens, they say they are tastier than those of ordinary layers.

Among the meat-egg breeds, the best hens are:

  • Kuchinsky anniversary. A hen of such a breed is capable of carrying 230 eggs per year.
  • New Hampshire. The young layer brings about 200 eggs per year.
  • Rhode Island. The chicken egg production of this breed reaches 200 eggs per year.

Meat breeds are not quite suitable for laying hens. This is understandable, because these chickens are raised solely for the sake of meat, more often they do not even live to puberty (they come in 6-7 months). Meat breeds simply unprofitable to grow for the sake of eggs, as they eat a lot. Such chickens are characterized by large size, massiveness (some individuals reach 7kg), short and thick legs and sparse plumage. On average, a chicken breed produces 120-150 eggs per year. But for the eggs of chicken meat breeds more than usual.

The table shows the average egg production of hens of various breeds:

How do egg production rates depend on housing conditions?

The conditions of chickens directly affect egg production. The conditions on the poultry farm are significantly different from the home environment.

For keeping hens at home requires a special ventilated room, separate from other birds and animals. The coop should be located on a dry place, preferably on a hill. Nearby it is necessary to fence a place for walking birds. In the summer, the temperature in the hen house should be 23-25 ​​degrees, and in winter it should not fall below 15.

It is better to shoot the floor in the chicken coop with a large layer of straw, thanks to which chickens will be less cold in the winter. The optimal size of the room is 1 sq. M for 5 layers, so it turns out that 20 hens need a chicken coop of only 4 sq. M. The chicken coop should be equipped with perches (mainly located in front of the window). In the corners of the room you can expand the small boxes under the nest, populated with straw.

Do not forget that for good indicators of egg production birds need good illumination. For this, windows must be present in the hen house, and in winter additional illumination is required for the whole daylight hours (13-14h).

Feeders and drinkers should be several, depending on the number of chickens. At least one per walk and in the chicken coop. Do not forget about the purity of the feeders, as well as the birds themselves. You can pour a mixture of ash and sand into the hens to get rid of parasites.

The feeding of the hens should be complete and balanced, rich in minerals, trace elements and vitamins. Food is useful to yeast and germinate. They feed chickens 3-4 times a day. Approximate amount of feed for one chicken in summer - 140g. In the winter - 120g.

In poultry farms there are slightly different conditions for laying hens. Concrete poultry houses are commonly used in factories; they are not destroyed during disinfection. Chickens contain cellular batteries, above which are mounted bulbs 50-75W. The house must be equipped with a ventilation system.

Poultry farms are always heated in winter by boiler rooms. For feeding birds on poultry farms special mechanized feeders and drinkers are adapted. The collection of eggs and cleaning the room are also engaged in the machine.

Feeding cocks is different from feeding chickens. What is the difference you can find out by reading our article.

Have you noticed that your chickens have watery eyes? This may be a symptom of a serious eye disease. Read more here.

How to improve the egg production rates of chickens?

It is no secret that any farmer or poultry farmer wants the hens to provide him with more eggs. For this you need:

  • Provide chickens with sufficient illumination and optimal temperature (especially important in winter)
  • Birds should live in a calm and quiet environment.
  • Every year it is necessary to acquire pullet, and get rid of too old individuals.
  • Properly feed the hens. Experienced farmers to germinate egg production, germinate, yeast and chop feed.

For yeast per 1 kg of feed, you need about 30g of yeast, previously diluted in 1.5, l of warm water, after that you need to remove the feed in a warm place for several hours to allow it to infuse. Add to feed for 1 tbsp per head.

For germination will need oats or barley. The optimal temperature for this procedure is +20 degrees. Grain should be soaked in water for a day, after pouring on the shelves. Be sure to mix the grain 2-3 times a day. The process itself lasts 3 days. When sprouts appear, the grain is considered ready.

Many believe that the egg production factor affects the presence of a rooster. The rooster in no way affects the ability of chickens to lay eggs. If you just take into account the fact that next to the rooster chickens feel calm and protected.

Of course, you can’t do without a rooster if you plan to breed chickens, but if you just need eggs, you can keep laying hens without it.

Features of egg breeds

Considering the question of how many eggs a laying hen carries per day, it would be wrong to conceal the fact that all breeds possess egg production to one degree or another. For example, meat “chunks” for 12 months bring about 100-150 eggs, while egg individuals for the same period of time - from 200 to 230 eggs.

What distinguishes egg breed from others? First, its representatives grow small, they form early in sex and quickly become adults. So, what breeds of chickens carrying eggs in the maximum quantity exist? These include such chickens as Andalusian, Leggorn, Spanish, Hamburg, Minorca and others. Currently, many homeowners, taking advantage of the achievements of breeders, prefer to use hybrid variations of laying hens. Why?

This is explained by the fact that such chickens cost almost as much as purebreds, but at the same time they are more adapted to adverse conditions of detention. Moreover, in terms of egg production, hybrid individuals are 10% ahead of purebreds. However, it should be noted that in the offspring of crossed chickens the above figure will decrease.

In which period the chicken is well carried

Many people know the fact that the most favorable time for egg-laying is the spring period, when the weather is more or less warm.

Of course, beginner poultry farmers are interested in the question of how many years chickens lay eggs. It must be emphasized that the greatest number of eggs, as a rule, “ripple” blows in the first year, after which the egg production decreases. That is why in conditions of industrial production of chickens hold no more than one year, then they are replaced by young.

At the same time, there is a reservation: if the habitat of laying hens is a backyard farm, where all favorable conditions are created for poultry, individuals are kept for two or even three years.

Of course, a question may come from a newbird breeder: “I only have laying hens on the farm. How many eggs do such individuals carry? ”The answer to it, again, depends on the degree of care for the bird and the conditions of its housing. As already emphasized, the average is 200 eggs per year.

How to increase egg production

Also, many farmers are interested in how to increase egg production. Of course, almost everyone uses the same trick. Which one Everything is very simple. It is necessary to increase the chicken's light day with lighting devices. Let her think that there are 28 hours a day. However, this is not the only condition for good egg production.

For the hens, fresh air and warmth and balanced nutrition with vitamins are important. If you see that your hens have a warm scallop, earlobes and earrings during the laying period, it means that you correctly keep poultry. Remember that it is in these organs that the pigment is produced, which is responsible for the formation of the eggshell.

When the hens begin to bear the egg

And, of course, the crucial question is when the chickens begin to lay eggs. It all depends on the breed of bird. If we talk about egg "ripples", then they begin to give eggs by 5 months. As for hybrid specimens, they are bearing the first egg 1.5–2 months later. At this time, the length of daylight hours for chickens is usually 12 hours. Over time, it begins to gradually increase, and by 9 months the duration of the day should be approximately equal to 17 hours.

Often there are situations when chickens, being in a warm and cozy room, rush anywhere, as if they were deliberately ignoring nests. To remedy the situation, try to put in the "maternity ward" items that mimic the egg. They can be made of chalk, wood, plaster. However, there is a better option. Take a chicken egg, make a small hole in it and remove the contents from it, and then fill it with a solution of the same plaster or alabaster. You will need to place a homemade "liner" in the chicken nest.

Feeding features

In order for the chickens to carry well, their diet must be plentiful and balanced. Especially you need to follow this rule in the winter season. Part of the grain feed should be first germinated. The recipe is quite simple. Corn or barley is soaked in slightly warm water. In this form, the food crumbles in a small layer in a separate room, while the optimum temperature in it should be +25 degrees Celsius. Make sure the grain is wet all the time. After a few days, the first shoots will appear, after which the feed can be given to the chickens.

Some add yeast to feed to increase the egg production of the poultry in question. The recipe is also uncomplicated. They take 30 grams of fresh yeast, dilute them with 1.5 liters of water, and then add 1 kilogram of crushed grain. The mixture is well mixed and left for 8-9 hours in a warm room. After that, the composition is ready for use, and it can be added to the mash (special feed mixture).

Chicken features

The chicken egg production depends on many factors:

  • Breed features. They need to learn from the breeders. Many breeds have some features of maintenance and care, in which performance will be at the highest level.
  • Balanced diet. When eggs are formed, the chicken's body loses a large amount of energy, which must be maintained with the help of proper nutrition.
  • Comfortable microclimate. Indicators of temperature and humidity of the air in the bird shed have a direct impact on the performance of chicks. Lighting also has an impact on this process.
  • The quality of care stimulates the uninterrupted laying of eggs, affecting the health of the hens.
  • State of plumage. During the molting periods, the chicken organism reduces egg productivity and restores it after a change of plumage.

If all housing conditions are met, the chicken is healthy and is not in the molting stage, its average capacity is 1 testicle per day. In a week, this figure varies from 1 to 7 pieces, per month - from 15 to 30 pieces, per year - from 120 to 330 pieces.

Great importance is the direction of the breed. Possibilities of layers in the directions:

  1. Meat Such breeds are large. They grow fast and gain muscle mass. Grown to produce delicious meat. Egg performance can not boast. 80 to 120 testicles are given per year.
  2. Egg. These broods are made to produce eggs. They weigh little and are not suitable for meat. Their productivity reaches 300 pcs. in year.
  3. Universal breeds have high egg production and medium size. Among them are many crosses, the productivity cycle of which is limited to 1 year. In the year they carry up to 330 product units. To reduce this indicator, they are hacked.

The choice of direction depends on the purpose of the hen.

Age of onset of egg production

Birds of different directions have their puberty rate:

  • Meat breeds ripen for a long time. The first testicle is given at the age of 7 to 9 months.
  • Their egg relatives are already actively rushing to achieve 4-5 months.
  • Universal chicken representatives delight the farmer aged 5 to 6 months. Some crosses are already rushing in 3-3.5 months.

If the chicken has reached the age of maturation, but does not bear the testicles, it is necessary to reconsider the conditions of its housing and feeding. Sometimes it is the fault of health problems in the form of hormonal disorders and inflammatory processes in the oviduct.

The best breeds

Breeds that achieve high egg productivity mainly refer to crosses.

Cross is a breed created by crossing several representatives of rocks. Such chickens can not be bred at home without losing the desired characteristics. Their minus in a short cycle of productivity. Upon reaching 2 years, they dramatically reduce productivity and are suitable only for meat.

Popular breeds with a large egg yield:

  • Leggorn - large chicken. Their figure reaches 230 eggs per year. They do not belong to crosses, which allows them to carry a large number of eggs for 3-4 years. They do not reduce production rates with age.
  • Loman brown - cross breed. In the first year it carries up to 330 food items. This makes it one of the most productive.
  • Hisex Brown can carry up to 350 pcs in year. Weight 1 testicle - 65 g.

Chicken egg production

Egg production is the main indicator of chicken productivity. It is maintained at the proper level under certain conditions:

  • Comfortable microclimate. The temperature and humidity indicators in the bird shed have a direct impact on the performance of the hen.
  • The quality of care affects the health of the hens and their ability to lay eggs.
  • State of plumage. During the molting periods, the chicken organism reduces egg productivity and restores it after a change of plumage.
  • Breed features. They need to learn from the breeders. Many breeds have some features of maintenance and care, in which performance will be at the highest level.
  • Balanced diet. When an egg forms, the hen's body loses a large amount of energy, which must be maintained with the help of proper nutrition.
  • Youth Chick. With age, many breeds reduce the rate of egg activity.

Important! Many novice farmers believe that a rooster is needed to maintain good hens productivity. The cockerel only contributes to the fertilization of females, without affecting their egg production. The male is needed only for breeding chicks.

Chickens carry 1 testicle per day. This indicator is maximum. Often there is a break from 1.5 to 2 days.

In winter, the hen's body can stop this process. This behavior is typical for breeds whose chick survival is low. It works the natural protection of the bird.

A chicken can produce 1 to 7 testicles per week. Basically it is 3-4 units of product. Their number is influenced by the menu of the hen, respect for the wakefulness regime, and the state of her health. If the bird is in good shape, its egg production reaches maximum performance in accordance with the breed characteristics.

Monthly egg productivity ranges from 15 to 30 pieces. Depends on the frequency of appearance of products. On average, this number varies from 18 to 24 pcs. Crosses achieve daily frequency, bringing 30 pcs. per month.

Annual egg production depends on the direction of chickens:

  1. Meat В год дают от 80 до 120 яичек.
  2. Яичное. Этих наседок заводят для производства яиц. Их продуктивность достигает 300 шт. в год.
  3. Универсальные породы обладают высокой яйценоскостью и средним размером. В год они несут до 330 продуктовых единиц. По снижению этого показателя их зарубают.

Увеличение яйценоскость

Для того, чтобы повысить показатель производительности, нужно выяснить, что влияет на яйценоскость. For this you need to revise all the conditions of the hen:

  • The bird placement area should correspond to the number of heads (no more than 4 chickens per 1 m2).
  • The diet should be balanced according to the daily needs of the birds.

Important! If the birds carry soft eggs, they lack vitamins and minerals.

  • A timely treatment of the premises and individuals from parasites should be carried out.
  • Keeping vaccination times will help protect the layers from epidemics that reduce testicular production.

In order to increase the productivity of chickens in winter, you need to create an optimal room temperature, take care of vitamin and mineral supplements in the bird menu. Some breeds require a daily walk in covered enclosures at least 1-2 hours a day.

Possible problems

Sometimes the appearance of eggs indicates the presence of problems in the chicken:

  • If the bird carries soft eggs with a thin shell, there is a high probability of an insufficient amount of calcium and phosphorus in its body. Required to enter into the diet of mineral stones and foods containing high amounts of calcium. Supplements in the form of crushed shells or bone meal are possible.
  • Blood eggs indicate trauma to the oviduct or the inflammatory process in it. Some breeds carry colored or brown eggs. If the blood on the shell, it is easily erased.
  • The product without the shell is most often found in the hormonal problems of the chicken.

Important! If such problems occur, it is better to seek the advice of a veterinarian to rule out viral infections.

Peculiarities of laying eggs

Breed is a key factor for egg laying chickens. It lays the minimum and maximum for the bird. The arrangement of a warm chicken coop, a balanced diet, additional lighting, a breeder can increase productivity only within the limits of the interval set by nature.

Ideal for the farmer - 1 egg per day. In fact, it turns out less: about 1 piece in two days.

Attention! In winter, most chickens significantly reduce the intensity of egg-laying. Natural biorhythms are to blame: in cold birds do not feel the need to continue the race.

Annual productivity for hens of a different direction:

  • egg breeds - 200-240 pcs. (about 4 pieces per week),
  • egg hybrids - up to 320 pcs. (6-7 eggs per week)
  • meat and egg breeds - 160-180 pcs. (3.5 pieces per week),
  • 120-160 pieces of meat (2-3 eggs per week).

Chickens reduce egg laying in such cases:

  1. During the molt, once a year at the end of autumn.
  2. During the activation of the maternal instinct. Chickens of meat or meat-egg breeds sometimes sit in a nest in order to sit off the offspring. Selection processes have minimized the effect of instinct on purely egg varieties.

Egg control

The breeder needs to work on obtaining high egg indicators from the moment of purchase of chickens. Inborn egg breeds are distinguished by an early start of laying: from about 4.5-5.5 months. against 7 months in purely meat varieties. Timing can withstand only pedigreed bird. Crossbred chickens in general can not start to rush.

As chickens mature, experienced farmers create optimal living conditions for them and get the maximum possible number of eggs:

  1. The correct diet. Laying eggs should eat healthy food with a set of micro and macro elements, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Proper feeding is subject to the regime. Do not make periods of under- or overfeeding.
  2. From food, egg grains (in wet masses with milk or water), as well as phosphorus, calcium and green vegetables, affect the egg production best.

  • Lighting. Poultry farmers have proven: an artificial increase in daylight leads to an increase in egg production. Fluorescent lamps or any other effective and safe devices will do. It is undesirable for a day to last longer than 14 hours, otherwise the chickens will quickly physically become exhausted, start to weaken and ache.
  • Heat. At low temperatures, chickens reduce egg-laying and become ill. Humidity in the room should be 60-70%.
  • Space. In the dark pen or cage, the chickens will cease to be carried. Norm - 4-6 layers per 1 square meter. m coop. Try to provide enough livestock. Birds need to move even in winter.
  • Health is important too. Sick or bitten by parasites chickens will not begin to nest. Whatever the rate of egg production for a particular breed, the rate can be increased by proper care.

    And what do you think can cause a decrease in the productivity of chickens?