The Yorkshire Terrier, or York, is a relatively new breed, bred at the end of the 19th century. During this time, the basic rules of care and maintenance of the dog. And how many lives the Yorkshire terrier? The average is considered the duration of 13-16 years, but it completely depends on how well and good the pet has. Therefore, the care of him should be treated as responsibly. In addition, good maintenance is also a guarantee of the absence of diseases that also affect the lifespan of any dog.
Yorkshire terrier content: how to care for hair and paws
Yorkies have silky wool, which practically does not shed. Moreover, it grows the same way as a person’s hair. It is believed that this breed does not cause allergies at all, but still there are such cases. To the touch, the wool is soft, flowing and smooth as silk. To keep it that way, the dog needs regular, complex procedures. They include food, washing, cutting, combing. You need to use special brushes with the effect of massage to improve blood flow and wool growth. The procedure of combing should be regular, every day or every other day. If it is difficult to do, then it is better to use special sprays. All of these procedures affect how much the Yorkshire Terrier lives. In addition, in the area of the anus, on the inner surfaces of the thighs and on the abdomen, it is necessary to cut off excess wool in order to prevent tangles and tangling. Such manipulations are done with dogs that are not exposed. It is necessary to cut and hairs on the tips of the paws between the claws, so that they do not complicate the movement of the animal.
Many people wonder how often yorks should be bathed. It is recommended to do this on average 3 times a month with special shampoos, which should be washed off with water of 35 degrees. While swimming, make sure that water does not fall into the eyes, nose and ears. It is better to cover them with cotton swabs before. Claw clipping is also a constant part of the maintenance of York. This is done with the help of kogterezov or special scissors.
How to keep a Yorkshire terrier
A dog lives in an apartment or in a private house - you still need to teach it to the place and to the toilet. This is done as soon as it settles in your home. First, before vaccinations, the toilet is arranged indoors in the form of diapers or newspapers, which need to be changed after each stool. However, throw away only the top layer, so that york can find the place of the toilet every time by smell. While the dog is in quarantine, make sure that the floor, outdoor shoes are always clean and washed, so that the animal does not catch any infection. Teach your pet immediately to your place, having thought out and relegated it in advance. You can buy a special basket or dog house. In any case, the edges of the dog's home should not be high, so that the animal, getting out of it, does not hurt itself and does not hurt anything.
How to walk and how much?
The Yorkshire Terrier lives a long time if it is regularly walked. Many people mistakenly think that the little dog does not need walks at all. Fresh air and jogging are just as necessary for her as a sheepdog and any other dog. York must walk on a leash, walking next to the owner. Walking the dog is necessary 2-3 times a day, and in any weather. But when there is no such possibility, the dog must eliminate the need for the place reserved for it. Of course, this is not all about the care and maintenance of York. There are also rules for feeding, mating, taking vitamins, visiting a veterinarian. If you do everything on time, listening to the advice of professionals, then your pet will live as long as the Yorkshire terrier lives with good content, i.e. 13-16 years.
Puppies, in comparison with adults, die much less frequently and have only two main reasons:
- Infectious diseases. This item includes a lot of diseases, for example, parvovirus, dog distemper or tapespirosis. Most viruses are carried by other dogs, therefore, it is impossible to take a puppy for a walk without being fully vaccinated.
- Injuries. Damage of varying severity can lead to the death of a pet.
Adult Yorkshire terriers await much more danger to life.
- Respiratory diseases. According to statistics, lung disease takes about 16% of Yorkers. Dogs older than 7 years are at risk because their pulmonary tracts are more vulnerable to toxins and pathogens that fill the air.
- Crayfish. According to statistics, 11% of Yorkshire terriers die because of various types of oncology. Varieties are similar to humans - cancer of the skin, breast, soft tissues and bones. If you detect the disease at an early stage, then the probability of complete healing. With female sterilization, the risk of developing breast cancer tends to zero.
- Injuries. Damage can almost always be prevented by carefully watching the dog. After all, she may accidentally slip, fall, be abandoned, the person himself is able to step on a pet. Death is possible in cases of injury to the head or organs.
- Congenital diseases. Like many purebred breeds, Yorkshire terriers are predisposed to a number of diseases, the main one being liver shunt, which monitors the following symptoms:
- loss of activity
- diarrhea or constipation
- increased salivation,
- increasing thirst
- frequent and heavy urination,
- convulsive seizures, convulsions.
These symptoms occur in dogs 1 to 3 hours after eating. To remedy the situation with medications can only be in rare cases of mild form, mostly only surgical intervention can cure it.
Collapse of the trachea is a common disease among dogs of small breeds, in certain cases it can be fatal.
One of the reasons for his appearance is wearing a collar, therefore, it is recommended to use only the harness, so as not to harm the pet.
Food and care at home
Food animal greatly affects its overall condition.
Every day, the pet must consume a certain amount of vitamins that support its health.
All the necessary complex is contained in good feed, which must be given to York.
It is allowed to give food cooked by yourself, but only by following a “dog” diet that does not allow many foods.
Feeding a dog with food consumed by a person (leftovers from the table) can lead to early obesity, poisoning or other health problems.
Oral Hygiene for a dog is no less important than for a man. Inflammatory processes, stones, infections and pain can overtake the animal if you do not watch its teeth. Infection can get through the bloodstream to other organs and start an extremely unpleasant process. It is necessary at least a day to brush your dog's teeth with a special brush for dogs.
In the arsenal of each decorative breed there are diseases to which they have a predisposition. In Yorkshire terriers they are as follows:
- increased sensitivity of the ears (it is necessary to warm the dog while walking, to monitor the ear hygiene),
- eye problems (monitor eye hygiene),
- false polydentia (the question is solved only by surgery)
- tendency to fracture
- hydrocephalus (provoked by stress, if detected, contact a specialist),
- acute pancreatitis (do not overfeed the dog, follow its diet).
Predisposition does not imply binding. Not every dog in the Yorkshire Terrier has any deviations.
The parasites are not only worms, from which, with timely intervention, it is easy to get rid of. Ticks are a big danger for the Yorkshire terrier located on the meadows and trees, near which pets walk. Lesser but still discomfort to the dog can be brought by fleas.
The appearance of pet mites or fleas on the pet's skin can be removed with the help of special shampoos, collars, drops and sprays.
Since infectious diseases are among the most dangerous for dogs, it is necessary to vaccinate each year. Puppies, on the other hand, should not leave the house at all for another 2 weeks after vaccination in order not to accidentally catch any virus.
There are several possible causes of allergies:
- an element in the air (flowers, cigarette smoke, perfume, air freshener, and so on),
- contact (with shampoo, rubber, plastic, and so on).
To prevent the emergence of allergies is impossible, however, in consequence it is necessary to remove the object of the reaction away from the pet.
Cognitive video about allergies in dogs.
Yorkshire terriers can live a long enough life, they need only proper conditions. Watch your pet carefully, take care and do not let us be sad, then the Yorkshire Terrier will live the maximum amount of time without having serious health problems!
What is important to know the owner
Yorks are very fragile creatures. On average, this breed of dog lives from 12 to 14 years. An adult animal should weigh no more than 3170 grams.
The Yorkshire Terrier is very friendly, can quickly make friends with people or animals. is he betrayed to the ownerattentive listener. It has long been known that the Yorks have a positive effect on the psyche.
This breed of dog does not fadethey have no peculiar smell.
If you buy a Yorkshire terrier puppy without the help of a specialist, you need to pay attention to such features:
- The "calling card" of this Yorkshire Terrier is the stigma.
- The feet should be straight and the back even.
- Wool and skin are clean, if the wool looks like a cotton wool, you will have to suffer with it.
- The eyes, nose and ears should not be damaged and inflamed.
- The teeth should be six below and six below, the bite should be scissors.
How often to walk
Puppy york should be taught to walk gradually, first it carried out on the street and walk for long, after a while you can start to carry it in your bag. And only when he gets used, you can briefly put a puppy on the grass, if the weather is good outside.
Walking with this curious little dog should only on roulette. Enough to walk for about an hour a day to satisfy the need of York in the activity.
Although the Yorkshire has long hair, it warms very badly, due to the lack of undercoat. Therefore, on walks it is better to wear a dog in special overalls and footwear.
What kind of trouble can happen with a Yorkshire terrier?
Yorks are courageous, curious and fearless. Recklessly bold puppies, chasing after anything, can jump on the road or to please under the feet of a person or wheel stroller.
Therefore, to avoid trouble, you should definitely control their movement.
Must be trained puppy basic teams, because without them you can lose a puppy. They can be brought up easily, but this requires a strong owner, since these dogs are very ambitious.
What to buy for a puppy
All means for the maintenance and care of the Yorkshire terrier is better to buy in pet stores or at major exhibitions.
For york will need:
- aviary (to create a cozy and safe place in the house for a puppy),
- collar with a leash and tape measure,
- bowls, at least two pieces,
- feeding trough and drinking bowl (necessarily heavy, ceramic or faience),
- latex and edible toys from veins (bones, balls, tweeters),
- specialized cosmetics (shampoos, balsams, sprays),
- Terry towel,
- combs of several types: metal with a comfortable handle and frequent rounded teeth, massage brushes,
- papilotki with elastics,
- small scissors with rounded ends, which is convenient to cut the hair on the ears and between the fingers of the legs,
- Claw or Claw Clippers,
- nail clipping nail file
- various clothes
- bows, hairpins and various accessories for creating hairstyles
Prepare an apartment for the appearance of a dog
For a puppy you need to fix the most quiet place in the house. Do not give him a place where possible. drafts. You can not attach to the puppy a place near the battery, in the corridor, where people often walk.
Clean the house everything small toys and things that an inquisitive dog can nibble or swallow. It is better to buy a special playpen, in it the dog will be safe, but do not put it in a dark corner. Arrange York bed for sleeping.
How to prepare a place where the dog will rest?
The bed for the puppy can be sewed by yourself, filling it sintepon or furniture foam rubber. Removable covers should be required. In specialized stores sold sun beds with sides or in the form of a house. On them, dogs feel more secure.
How to teach to the tray
Teaching York to land on the tray is easy, but at first you have to suffer a little. Manifest patience, if you scold him and punish, you can foil the dog psyche.
Little yorkies, after eating and sleeping, cope with their needs. It is at this time that they should be planted. Stand in front of him until he is empty. After that, be sure praise him. Soon the dog will learn to cope with this matter independently.
And if the favorite continues to be at home, then read our detailed recommendations on how to wean him from it.
The basic rules of York content
For disease prevention, do not forget inspect daily terrier, with any deviation of the puppy must be shown to the veterinarian.
In a normal, standard, healthy Yorkshire terrier weight is usually from 2 to 3 kg. The temperature, which is measured through the anus, should be 38-39 degrees.
What are the problems and diseases
In the process of removing York, the following diseases are more often noted:
- Dermatitis, alopecia and other skin diseases. When dermatitis appear tumors, fever. Due to alopecia, focal hair loss occurs, often on the head.
- Eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma. They may appear due to improper care, after which the dog's eyes become dull.
- The displacement of the joints of the limbs. Dislocate the patella. Usually they are congenital.
- Diseases of the joints of the limbs, fractures, etc. Because of them, the dog begins to limp.
- Kidney disease, with frequent urination, there is thirst. The dog loses weight, although her appetite remains good.
- Nezaraschenie fontanel. By the year of the dog’s life it must be closed.
- A spasm of the pharynx, which makes breathing difficult, leading to suffocation.
When to get vaccinated?
Vaccinations will help keep your pet healthy. The first vaccine is given at 6 weeks, then repeated after two or four weeks. The next vaccination is assigned to the year when all the teeth are replaced.
Next is done on one vaccination per year. Two weeks before vaccination, it is necessary to carry out procedures for expelling worms.
How often to bathe?
Wash York should three times a month. It is better to bathe him in the bathroom. You should not do too much pressure from the shower, the puppy may be frightened by a strong jet. The water temperature should be 35-36˚С. Shampoo is better to take a special or use a child, but they must be diluted with water.
After the dog is washed, it is necessary to apply a conditioner to the wool and rinse it thoroughly. To prevent wool from tangling, all actions are carried out. in the direction of wool.
After washing, york should be wrapped in a soft terry towel and dry with a warm hairdryer. When the wool dries, it should be combed and sprayed. On the wool immediately cheat papilotki.
The teeth of York are located, as it were, in a checkerboard pattern, therefore, between them food waste often gets stuckthat need to be cleaned with a toothpick.
At 4 months, milk teeth begin to change, which may cause fever and loose stools. Be sure to give this baby this time. light toyswhich it will be convenient for him to gnaw.
If baby teeth do not fall out, and new ones grow nearby, you should contact your veterinarian. Often on the teeth of terriers appears tartar, it must also be removed with the help of doctors.
Claws are clipped using light claws 2-3 times a monthas they grow. They should be cut off no more than by 2 mm. After this process nail file.
A clean, well-groomed Yorkshire Terrier will be a real family member, a great friend and companion. This smart, peace-loving dog easily gets along with everyone and does not cause much trouble.
Before we talk about how many Yorkshire terriers live, it should be recalled that this is a decorative doggie, which is not designed for protection. This is a real decorative flower of the dog world, which must be cherished and cherished, protected and protected. Many people give birth to these charming babies, because they are fascinated by their beauty. Yorks are very kind, they love to play with children and never allow themselves to offend them.
Заводя себе эту собаку, многие сразу задаются вопросом, сколько живет йоркширский терьер. This is very important, as the owner must immediately know how much time is allowed for his pet. In fact, not so little, of course, by dog standards. But you should also be well aware of what kind of dog it is, what it looks like, its preferences, characteristics and habits. That is why, examining the question of how much the Yorkshire Terrier lives, we will simultaneously touch briefly on these issues.
This is a small dog whose weight does not exceed three kilograms. She has a regal posture and truly magical, silky wool in golden sheen. The ability to make her haircuts delights girls, and with a bow on a fringe, this dog looks like an eternal puppy.
Character and temperament
This is a real choleric, eternal fireworks of energy and tireless fun. Speaking about how many years the Yorkshire terriers live, it should be noted that it depends on the quality of care for them. The allotted 15 years can be greatly reduced due to improper nutrition and maintenance, as well as stretched to 20 years or more, although this is a rarity. The dog is very playful, restless, but at the same time its regal posture to become a true nobleman. Care for these dogs is needed very carefully. Even a minor disease can quickly destroy a fragile body. To make it easier for the owner to keep track of the pet's condition, there are certain breed standards. This is the weight and size of the body type. On the basis of this, any cynologist will be able to advise you on whether the pet is developing correctly.
Typical breed diseases
This is an important question, since we are talking about how many dogs live (the Yorkshire Terrier is in focus). Any disease, even the simplest, can give complications, which will further affect the state of health of the pet. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor the behavior and appearance of the dog. Any deviation should be noted, and it is better to consult a doctor immediately. In addition to viral, colds and other diseases to which any dog is prone, it is necessary to remember the tendencies of this breed to liver diseases. This is a defect that occurs inside the breed more often than any other, so you need to carefully monitor the quality of food. And the most serious diseases can suffer puppies, which have appeared from absolutely healthy parents. Therefore, it is only conditionally possible to answer the question of how long the Yorkshire terriers live. The standard shows figures of 13–15 years, but in practice real data may be quite different.
Very often this breed is found caries. The disease is not too severe, but it can lead to severe pain and refusal to eat. Therefore, a small puppy should be taught to brush your teeth with a special paste. Once a year it is necessary to show the pet to a dental specialist in a veterinary clinic.
This is a separate group, which I want to say. Yorks are prone to heart disease, so you need to strengthen the heart, that is, you need physical exercise. This is not a hound, you do not need to run around with him for hours, it’s enough to take him twice a day for 15 minutes. In addition, the diet should include foods or supplements that are rich in calcium, since their bones are quite fragile. Generally the ideal option for this crumb will be a balanced diet.
Signs of Dog Disease
These are the symptoms that you must pay attention to. And as soon as possible, bring the pet to the veterinarian so that he will decide on the need for treatment. This may be anxiety and depression, which is not typical for this breed. A very alarming symptom is excessive salivation, constant thirst, frequent visits to the toilet, or vice versa, a complete lack of urination. Immediately go to the hospital if your pet has vomiting, dehydration in babies occurs very quickly. Drowsiness and lack of appetite - this is also a reason for excitement.
Dwarf representatives of the breed
Today it is very fashionable to have the smallest dogs, they are called pocket dogs, and they are very expensive. Among the Yorkshire terriers, there are also some individuals that are striking in their miniature. However, the owner should immediately know how long the Yorkshire mini terriers live, as well as how to care for them. These dogs need specialized nutrition, warm clothing, because the body often cannot take in enough food due to the underdevelopment of internal organs. Accordingly, the life expectancy of these crumbs is usually much less.
There are not so many of them, although sometimes breeders play with buyers, calling their puppies in a special way in order to request a large amount for a rare variety. It can be golden and dwarf york, pom-pon terrier and many other amateur names. Actually it is about one dog. To date, there are standard Yorkies, whose weight is about 3 kg, and mini-Yorkies weighing 2 kg. There are the smallest representatives, they weigh from 800 grams. up to 1200 gr., but very often they are carriers of congenital diseases and live too little
There is one more species - snow white yorkies. Let's find out how long the Yorkshire terrier lives, or a la pom-pon. They differ only in their wonderful color. These are snow-white creations with a golden withers with black flourishes. Elegant, silky balls conquer at first sight. Their life expectancy is typical; under good conditions, they delight their hosts for about 15 years.
The main causes leading to the death of the Yorkshire Terrier
A very interesting and useful study was conducted by the University of Jordia, which lasted over 20 years to establish the main causes of death of dogs. During the study, 82 dog breeds were documented. More than 70 thousand animals were investigated, several hundred of which were Yorkshire terriers.
The data obtained give a good idea of what the Yorkshire terriers and other breeds most often die from, and it is surprising that many of these causes can be prevented.
Results are divided into two large groups: puppies under the age of 1 year and adult dogs from 1 year and older.
The main causes of death for puppies of York
Yorkshire terrier puppies have 2 main causes of death:
1. Infections. Unfortunately, the most common cause of death for puppies in York is infectious diseases. This includes a number of diseases, including parvovirus, canine distemper, tapespirosis, and some others. Many viruses and infections are transmitted by other dogs and animals, therefore, it is recommended to let the puppy out on the street only after completing the full course of vaccination.
2. Trauma - various injuries and injuries are also the main cause of death in adult Yorkies. (For more, see below.)
4 main causes of death of adult Yorkshire terriers older than 1 year
1. Respiratory Diseases - About 16% of Yorkers died from respiratory diseases. Types of diseases that were fatal for dogs:
- Brachycephalic airway syndrome
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Trachea collapse
In dogs older than 7 years of age, degenerative diseases that disrupt normal lung function may cause the lungs to become more vulnerable to pathogens and toxins in the air.
Please note that tracheal collapse is a characteristic disease for small dog breeds. In some cases, it can be fatal when the disease leads to chronic bronchitis and other serious health problems. One of the reasons for the collapse is a neck injury due to a collar. For this reason, it is recommended to use a harness for yorks.
2. Cancer - about 11% of the Yorkshire terriers were victims of cancer. York's life can be interrupted due to various types of cancer, including lymphoma, skin cancer, breast cancer, soft tissue sarcoma, and bone cancer.
It is important to note that 50% of all cancers are curable if diagnosed in the early stages. The risk of developing breast cancer can also be dramatically reduced if the dog is sterilized. Therefore, with regard to this cause of deaths, many cases can be prevented.
3. Injury - This is the second main cause of death in puppies in York and the third in adult Yorkshire terriers. The horrific 10.7% of Yorkers died due to injuries, and in almost every case this could have been prevented.
According to statistics, almost 11% of Yorkers die due to injuries and injuries, so their owners should be clearly aware of this. Death from injury in most cases was due to fatal injuries to the head and / or body, when the dog:
- attacked the dog
- thrown or fell from a height
- accidentally knocked down the stairs
- knocked down, hooked by car
- fatal injury to a dog being a passenger in a car
As you can see, this cause of death of puppies and adult Yorkies can most often be avoided. The life expectancy of a breed will increase dramatically if possible injuries are minimized.
4. Congenital diseases. About 10.5% of Yorks died due to a congenital disease, this is the 4th leading cause of death for Yorkers over 1 year old. Yorkshire terriers, like other purebred breeds, are prone to several diseases, but the most common is the hepatic shunt.
It is worth noting that small dogs have a higher chance of developing liver shunts. This disease is when the liver of the dog does not have adequate and sufficient blood flow.
Puppies that were born with this defect may not show any signs until they reach the age of 1 year or a little later. Symptoms of a hepatic shunt include:
- Low growth
- Severe drooling
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Strange behavior (for example, walking in a circle)
- Seizures, convulsions
In many yorkies, clinical signs appear after 1-3 hours after eating, since toxins, usually filtered by a healthy liver, reach the dog's brain. The disease is diagnosed using x-rays, ultrasound and blood tests.
Drug treatment is possible only in the case of mild cases, but it should be borne in mind that any non-invasive methods of treatment of the disease dramatically shorten the life of the dog. More than 50% of cases of liver shunt in Yorks are quite severe cases that require surgical intervention. According to statistics, the survival rate after surgery is about 95%.
How to increase the life span of the Yorkshire Terrier?
There are many things you can do to make your York live as long as possible. The care you give him from the first day of dating and in adulthood will have a big impact on your dog's health and on its life expectancy.
- Vaccinations. Since infections are the main cause of death for puppies in York, it is important to keep up with timely vaccination. Puppies should not leave home for at least 2 weeks after they have been given all the necessary vaccinations.
- Injury prevention. Injuries are a major cause of death for both puppies and adult terriers. Your attention should be directed towards creating a safe environment for the dog. Your family and everyone who is in the house should be clearly aware that there is a small dog "under their feet". Teach your Yorkshire terrier to all the main commands, and if the dog is in danger, then one of the teams will be able to protect it from possible injuries and injuries.
- Oral Hygiene. If a dog's tooth or gum starts to ache, and the food begins to decompose in the mouth and tartar forms, the infection can get directly into the body through the bloodstream, including the heart and brain. Dogs with poor oral hygiene and bad teeth can suffer from pain in various parts of the body, and old dogs with missing teeth have trouble eating. For these reasons, proper and regular teeth cleaning is very important and can be an important step that you can take to increase the life expectancy of your Yorkshire terrier.
- Sterilization. For both males and females, despite some controversial studies, most veterinarians recommend sterilization in order to increase longevity. Dogs that were sterilized before the age of 6 months, live up to 20% longer than their full-fledged counterparts.
- Proper diet. The fact that your dog eats every day has a huge impact on his overall health, and therefore on his life expectancy. Use only high-quality food or home cooking. Avoid feeding your remaining York, such as after dinner meals - this can quickly lead to poisoning, obesity and other health problems.
- Be careful while walking and exercise. Regular exercise in combination with a healthy diet throughout York’s life will help to significantly prolong his or her life expectancy. Any activity will support the heart and muscles of the dog in good shape, and, of course, will contribute to its emotional health.
- Do not postpone visit to the vet. Many serious diseases have favorable prognoses if they were detected early enough. This is especially true for liver shunts and cancer. Make sure you have enough budget for unexpected medical questions. Many owners are embarrassed to bring their dog to the vet even because of a fairly small financial burden.
- Consider the age of the dog. Time is running out quickly, but many owners do not want to admit that York is getting older and may be in the final stages of its life. For aging dogs it is often recommended to adjust not only the food, but also the exercises and the daily routine in general. Yorkshire terriers older than 10 years are recommended to show the vet twice a year.
Aging and Sick Dogs
Unfortunately, most owners have to make a decision about the "end of life" of their dog. Not all dogs die from natural causes during sleep, therefore, for many of them, owners will have to make an extremely difficult decision about sleeping or euthanasia to put an end to their suffering.