The main argument for refusing to warm the doghouse is that a huge number of stray dogs overwinter without any roof over their heads, and they even tolerate very great frosts. At the same time they forget that far from all. Such statistics are not kept in Russia. But the cries of help during the big frosts from the dog shelters are very audible. Dogs freeze in them, not having places for warming, in spite of the fact that they also increase the amount of meat in the ration and add the smallest and most smooth-haired people to the warmed-up places.
In addition, stray dogs are still not limited in movement and can find a place to rest, at worst find a free heat pipeline hatch, and home dogs, and even chains, are limited by the possibilities that you will provide them.
If you do not transfer your animal for a period of high frost into a heated room, you should definitely make a booth for it insulated. The dog itself will choose where it is more comfortable to be, but for some reason in cold weather prefers the warmed part of the booth, if it is available, but let's talk about the design features of these structures a little later.
Booths for dogs without insulation may be built in warm regions of the country, where the temperature rarely drops below zero, but in such cases it is desirable to provide easily removable outdoor insulation. But the floor and the roof in all cases, make warmed. It is useful not only for winter.
A booth must be built for a particular dog. Or on the contrary, pick up the animal, taking into account the dimensions of the existing booth. The option when a large box is made that is able to accommodate a large dog guaranteed, and a dachshund settles in it, just as unacceptable as a small box for a large dog.
In the first case, the dog will not be able to adequately heat his (even well-insulated) home, and in the second, the dog will be extremely uncomfortable and he will not be able to stay in such a booth for a long time. There is no complicated scheme for calculating the optimal internal dimensions of the booth.
If you decide to make a booth from two rooms and warm one of them, then the dimensions of the warm cannot be smaller than the calculated ones, but the so-called vestibule can be slightly reduced. But not much.
In the case when you will select a ready-made booth or choose an animal taking into account the dimensions available, then take into account these averaged parameters:
- small breeds of dogs - 600 x 600 x 800 with a manhole of not more than 300 x 400,
- medium breeds of dogs - 800 x 800 x 1100 with a manhole not more than 350 x 450,
- Large breeds of dogs - 1100 x 1100 x 1300 with a manhole of not more than 400 x 500.
But, if you have time, not very expensive material and minimal skills in working with carpentry tools, make a booth for your dog with your own hands. He will feel your care and pay back a hundredfold.
Design features of the doghouse
Now, when we have dealt with the dimensions, we can consider the design features of a dog's home.
In fact, this is 90% of all the options used. The remaining 10% remain for various kinds of manipulations with the appearance, fitting into the landscape design and the demonstration of either the skills, skills and artistic taste, or the thickness of the owner’s wallet.
With all this, it is necessary to observe several conditions:
- the lack of elements in the inner casing that could injure or degrade your pet,
- the ability to cover walls and floor for a long time to withstand the effects of dog claws,
- the absence of cracks (especially in the floor) in which the dog's claw can get stuck,
- possibility of free and easy periodic access inside for sanitary and hygienic processing,
- the resistance of the inner coating of the booth to the chemical components of disinfectant mixtures and solutions.
The ability to easily access the inside of a booth is most often achieved by arranging an easily removable or folding roof, less often by opening (tilting) one of its walls.
In the variant with a gable roof and a single-volume room, the height of the side walls can be reduced. The main thing is that the dog was able to stand up in the booth in full growth. But, making such a roof, you deprive your pet of one of the pleasures of lying on it, which all dogs love to do. Therefore, on sloping roofs it is recommended to arrange a minimum slope. If the booth is placed under a canopy or in an open-air cage, then make its roof flat - without any slope at all.
By the way, if you are doing an aviary, then note that its dimensions should not be less:
- 6 sq.m. - for dogs up to 50 cm high at the withers,
- 8 sq.m. - for dogs from 50 to 65 cm at the withers,
- 10 sq.m. - for dogs that are at the withers above 65 cm.
Its height should be sufficient to move to the full height of people serving the aviary, but not lower than the height of the booth + height of your dog, in the case of construction of the booth with a flat roof.
It is possible to build a booth with flooring under the same roof or as a separate element, but only in the case of relatively free movement of the dog outside the structure.
But, the design shown in the third photo can be recommended only for warm regions of our country, for the rest - with the installation of a heating system. After all, the booth not only has a clearly larger size than even a large dog like the German Shepherd can warm with its body, but all the warm air will accumulate under its roof. The animal will be cold in severe frosts.
Even in the construction of any booth, a device should be provided for quick and easy mounting in winter time over a manhole curtain or curtain of thick coarse cloth such as burlap or felt. And above it should be drilled from one to 3 holes for the access of air with a total area of 20 - 30 mm.
There are no special requirements for this node, except for:
- maximum snug fit to the manhole,
- ability to take the original position after the passage of the animal,
- minimum flow rate
- ease of disinfection.
To carry out the second point, a small oblong container with sand is sewn into fairly light fabrics at the bottom of the curtain.
The choice of materials of the booth for the German Shepherd
It would seem that talking about the materials for some booths? What we have is what we use. But, as mentioned above, some rules must be observed. For example, one craftsman for warmth beat up the insides of the booth with thick felt - not enough for one season. In addition, this material is a great breeding ground for evil spirits.
Therefore, from the materials used for the frame and external enclosing structures during the construction of the shepherd box, we can first recommend a softwood tree treated with a biostop or impregnation with a coloring effect containing antiseptic materials.
It is not recommended to use metal, including to cover the roof, if the booth is not located in an open-air cage or under a shed. Glowing up on the sun, he will create unbearable (even for a dog) conditions inside the building and make a potential rookery unsuitable for use.
As a heater, it is best to use polystyrene foam.
Firstly, it is more effective than any cotton one and a half times.
Secondly, it does not require hydro- and vapor barrier.
Thirdly, it does not sink into the design.
Fourth, has the best price-performance ratio
from all modern heaters.
If any cotton wool is used as a heat insulation material, we recommend using its marks not lower than the 45th density and on both sides to limit the moisture access to it with a dense polyethylene film. As mentioned above, the dog basically heats its home with its own body temperature. At the same time, although the dogs do not sweat much, their breathing makes the environment inside the booth quite moist. If cotton wool, being a very hydrophilic material, is nourished with this moisture, then from a heater it can become a conductor of cold, which is not necessary for us, or, especially, for our dog.
For the inner layer of our sandwich, we recommend using either very dry, tightly fitted (and preferably grooved) boards, be sure to be thoroughly sanded and opened with paint or varnish that prevents the appearance of splinters, or moisture-proof plywood or OSB. And, for God's sake, do not be afraid that glue, fastening plywood veneer or wood chips in the OSB will cause damage to the health of your pet. Phenol begins to stand out at temperatures above 32 ° C, which, with the proper construction of the roof, is impossible even in summer, and in winter even more so. But, for more confidence, cover their surface with some kind of durable moisture-resistant varnish, and then periodically renew the coating as it abrades. As a fastener is best to use screws on the tree.
But the correct device of the roof provides for the presence of 100 mm. insulation, even if you arrange a dog's home is not in the sun, which is, by the way, a prerequisite. In addition, its coating should not only be waterproof, but also, if possible, heat insulating. Not bad with this task several layers of roofing material cope, the top of which will have to be replaced every 7 - 8 years, flexible (bitumen) tiles, which will need to be periodically cleaned from dirty traces of the owner of the housing, or newfangled geomembrane, thickness and density sufficient for successful resistance to his claws.
We are assembling a booth for a German shepherd, according to the size of the dog
The German Shepherd is considered a medium sized dog. The breed standard has defined dimensions:
- height at withers is 60-65 cm for males and 55 - 60 for females,
- body length 10 - 17% more than the height at the withers.
On this basis, the internal dimensions of the booth, or its main compartment 1000 x 700 x 650, will be optimal.
Dogs of such breeds with street maintenance, as a rule, are placed in aviaries, so we will describe the process of assembling a box with a flat roof, which does not require a ramp and roofing.
We cut the bars 50 x 50 in the number and size shown in the images above. We will need:
- 1700 - 8 pcs.
- 700 - 15 pieces,
- 650 - 14 pieces,
- 450 - 2 pieces,
- 400 - 4 pcs.
We connect them, as shown in the photographs using self-tapping screws on a tree 92 or 102 mm long, pre-drilled the attachment points with a 3 mm drill. I would like to note that the dimensions of the parts are given without taking into account the thickness of the sheathing material. This should be considered when assembling the side walls and partitions of your booth, reducing their width by double the thickness of the skin.
Tip: when using such a long fastener, we recommend using a lubricant for self-tapping screws. Put a small capacity for machine oil in place of the assembly and before screwing in the screw, dip its threaded part into it. You can also replace the oil with a bar of soap, which soap the threads of the screw before screwing.
Of course, you can replace the screws with nails 120-150 mm, but the screws are more reliable and do not split when connecting not very thick bar.
Connect all the elements obtained, except for the roof, by positioning the inner partition with a manhole opening to the back wall so that the dog does not twist in a small vestibule.
Fill the interior with sheets of OSB or plywood, attaching them to the screws on the wood 40 - 45 mm long, slightly drowning the head. To prevent the dog from getting hurt, treat the surface with emery cloth.
If you decide that only the main room should be warm, only sheathe it from the inside.
Fill the outside of the cavity of the booth for a shepherd dog or its main compartment and the partition between the bars with PSB-C-15 polystyrene foam 50 mm thick, preferably using foam, and sheathe the outside with the same OSB, plywood or tongue-and-groove wooden material (board, paneling, etc. ).
Make the roof of the booth a single sandwich panel filled with the same polystyrene foam. Cover all with two-three layers of a varnish for external works or the paint suitable for such purposes.
Attach the cover to the powerful hinges so that it does not move when the dog jumps on it, and on the front side install a couple of latches.
It remains to glue on the upper beams under the roof two rows of self-adhesive insulation for doors and you can invite your dog to a housewarming party. The emphasis for the roof, used to fix it in the open position during cleaning and disinfection can be done at your discretion.
A little about heating booth
And yet, especially for particularly cold regions of our country, it is worth thinking about inexpensive, easy to maintain and install, heating booths. Those today are infrared film electric heaters - PLANS mounted on a reflecting heat insulator such as alyuf. Heating not air, but objects, they can be, without any additional preparation, bolted to the ceiling of the booth and heat the animal itself during its stay in it, or the floor during the absence of the dog.
Dear readers, if you have any questions, ask them using the form below. We will be glad to communicate with you)
We recommend other related articles.
Indeed, it would be good to do a dog house collapsible so that it can be opened to access the sun's rays in order to get rid of fleas and annual disinfection and cleaning. I, for example, made such a one, the roof opens from one side, put loops on one side so that it opens like a door upstairs, and when closed it drops onto the sidewall pins. Also put the loop on one sidewall.
Correct measurement - comfortable booth
When designing a “dog house”, you should take into account the anatomical features of the dog. Here a thoughtful approach is needed so that the room is not close or very large. In the first case, the dog will not be able to live in it. In an overly spacious kennel it will be cold in winter.
The optimal size of the booth for the German Shepherd is determined by the following scheme:
- the depth must be equal to the length of the body of the animal (L) + 10 cm,
- width is equal to the height of the dog at the withers (h)
- height equals the height of the dog (H) + 10 cm,
- The manhole is made 5 cm more than the width of the chest (a) and 5 cm below the height of the dog (H).
If the dog is still young and has not reached adult standards, then do not rush to take a tape measure and measure it according to the sizes indicated above. It is more reasonable to build a booth “for growth”.
For East European and German Shepherd Dog handlers recommend the following internal dimensions:
- Length - 115 cm.
- Height - 90 cm.
- Width - 65 cm.
- Manhole (width and height) - 35x50 cm.
For adult Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, the dimensions of the home should be:
- Length - 135 cm.
- Height - 100 cm.
- Width - 75 cm.
- Laz - 40x60 cm
The roof of the booth can be single-pitch or gable (hip). The second option looks better, but shepherd experts often choose the first one. The fact is that the dog likes to lie on the roof, watching what is happening around it. In addition, the ability to jump onto the roof and jump from it is useful for the physical form of the dog, which is kept on a leash for most of the day.
The angle of inclination of the shed roof is not very large (10-15 degrees). Cover it with non-slip material (slate, ondulin or euroruberoid).
The gable roof should have a slope of 20 to 30 degrees. As a coating here you can use metal or shingles.
An important nuance is the possibility of raising or removing the roof for cleaning and sanitizing a canine shelter.
If the booth is not interlocked with a covered vestibule, the roof canopy over the manhole should be extended by 60-70 cm, making a protective visor from rain and snow.
The floor inside the kennel for a shepherd dog is laid out of grooved boards or OSB slabs. Wall booths do double. To do this, on a wooden frame outside the chipboard is attached, and inside sheathe it with clapboard or plywood. Between the casing, ecowool, mineral wool or foam thickness of 5 cm is laid.
The floor and the roof should also be insulated, making them double. Floor insulation eliminates the need for bedding. In the period of severe frosts hang sacking or tarpaulin over the entrance.
Sheepdog Box Examples
As they say, theory is good, but practice is better. Therefore, we suggest that you consider several interesting options for the shepherd dogs.
Extending one of the roof slopes and extending the booth trim, we will get a vestibule open on both sides. In inclement weather, he will protect the dog from the rain, and on a hot sunny day it will cover him from the scorching sun.
In the next photo we see an example of a booth with a gable roof, forming a vestibule open from three sides. This configuration is not only convenient for the dog, but also simple in execution.
Good visibility and protection from the weather vagaries - the obvious advantages of this design. Outside the kennel is studded with a tongue-and-groove board. An OSB plate was used for interior wall covering, floor and roof. Roofing material - soft tiles.
The functionality of a dog house is an important, but not the only question that should be addressed. The appearance of the booth is also important. One of the original options is an imitation of human housing.
Построив такие «хоромы» для четвероного друга с навесом и заборчиком вы можете с гордостью сказать, что ваш пес живет не хуже хозяина.
Теплую будку лучше строить с расчетом на габариты взрослой собаки. Овчарки растут быстро. Вы не успеете оглянуться, как ваш щенок-подросток не сможет влезть в свою старую конуру.
На фото ниже представлена будка с комбинированной крышей. Над спальным помещением она сделана односкатной, а над входом устроен навес. This solution allows you to do without the vestibule, provided that the canopy width is not less than 70 cm.
There are different opinions regarding the placement of the manhole. Some owners of shepherds argue that it is better to do it from the narrow side of the booth. Others believe that the dog is more comfortable when the entrance is located on a long wall. We think that this question is not fundamental. It is much more important to make a kennel such that the dog doesn’t freeze in it, it can turn around freely, stand up to its full height and roll up in bed.
The fact that the kennel should not be very big, we have already said. Now look at the photo, where the owner obviously overdid it with its size. If an area of 4 m2 is allowed for a covered vestibule, then a huge overnight box should not be made. The only exception is keeping a dog with puppies during the period of their rearing.
Few of the owners think at what height it is better to put the dog feeders. Practice has shown that placing them on the floor is not the best option. Therefore, today you can find booths equipped with stands for feeders.
To exclude direct contact with the ground, the floor of the booth and vestibule must be raised above the ground. 5-7 centimeters of clearance will be enough.
A flat roof on a doghouse should not be done. Water will always find a crack and soak your caretaker.
A flat folding roof can only be used in an open-air cage. It is built in the case when the house is often visited by people unfamiliar to the dog.
In order to prevent the dog from spinning under his feet and not interfere with cleaning, a piece of plywood is placed above the entrance to the kennel. It moves up and down along two guides.
How to make a warm home for a shepherd?
On the recommended size of the booths, we have already told. Now we will step by step describe the process of assembling a dog house with a hinged lid and a covered vestibule.
In order to build a booth for a shepherd dog with their own hands will need the following materials:
- Planed bar section of 5x5 cm for the base frame, uprights and frame binding.
- Plate OSB for floor, roof and wall cladding.
- Pine lining for interior decoration.
- Polyfoam or minplit 5 cm thick for warming of walls, a floor and a roof.
- Steel corner to assemble the frame.
- Roofing material (asbestos cement slate, ondulin or metal tile).
The first step is cutting the bars and assembling the base frame. For the floor, you can use a whole sheet of RSD. Its dimensions of 1.25 x 2.5 meters fit perfectly into the recommended dimensions of the booth and vestibule for the German Shepherd.
The width of the sleeping compartment outside we will be 0.77 m. In this case, 0.65 m will remain inside (0.75 m - insulation thickness is 0.1 m, OSB and 0.02 m of clapboard). The total length of the booth will be taken equal to 125 cm, and its internal height - 90 cm. At the platform will remain 2.5-1.25 = 1.25 meters.
The floor in our version is made double. The cavity between the skin in the sleeping compartment is filled with insulation, and left under the vestibule. To create a ventilated gap between the bottom of the base and the ground, four antiseptic bars are attached to the slab.
The next stage of work is the installation of racks and frame top trim. To do this, cut the bar to the size of the drawing and attach it to the base plate with steel corners. After that, the upper ends of the racks fix the bars of the upper belt frame.
Having assembled the frame, they make the inner (with clapboard) and outer (with OSB) cover of the booth. After that, in the space between the clapboard and the OSB lay insulation.
To protect the vestibule from blowing, the chipboard is attached to the back of the frame, fixing it to the stands of the booth and the frame of the vestibule.
Tambour cover slab OSB and fastened to it ondulin or metal tile. The roof above the sleeping compartment is made double warmed and swivel. For its manufacture use a bar and two pieces of slab OSB. Having fastened the strapping of a bar on the slab, they lay insulation and close it with a second piece of slab from above. Making sure that the lid fits evenly and firmly into place, two loops are attached to it and fixed with self-tapping screws to the upper chord of the frame.
The swivel cover is covered with the same material as the vestibule. Note that the slate must be set so that it covers the sheet above the vestibule with an extreme wave. In this case, the water will not get under the roof.
After finishing the assembly, the lining of the booth and the frame stand are varnished or painted with high-quality paint for exterior work.
How to choose the right place for the booth
Place for a doghouse is of great importance.. It should not be too shaded so that the dog has enough sunlight. But under the round-the-clock scorching rays the booth is also not the place.
The entrance to the booth must be on the windless side. But the main rule for choosing a place is that after all this is yours. guard dog. Therefore, it is necessary to arrange her house in such a way that, even being in the booth, the dog could watch what was happening around.
If you plan to keep your pet on a leash, then next to the booth there should not be trees and pillars, for which you can get confused. Also, do not place it near chicken coops, pigsties and stables, toilets and drain holes, as odors emanating from them can adversely affect the health of the animal, especially in the warm season.
It is better to choose a place on a small hill or provide it yourself.. Thus, water will not linger near the booth after rains or from melting snow.
The main technological moments when building a booth
To begin with, what should be the size of the booth for the German Shepherd. To make the dog comfortable in its dwelling in any position, then:
- height should be 5-10 cm more than the height of an adult animal at the withers,
- width 10-15 cm more height
- depth 10-15 cm longer than the dog.
The approximate dimensions of a sheepdog booth, which are often taken as a basis, are: height - 95 cm, width - 135 cm, depth - 100 cm. This is considered sufficient for the dog to comfortably fit in any position. Do not do too spacious booth, because it will be difficult to heat. Usually the dog is in it only during bad weather and sometimes hides in it from the cold.
As a rule, the booth is built when a puppy has just appeared in the house. In this case, the parameters are taken from the account of the average data on the size of the adult German Shepherd. As for the form, the best option is a rectangle.
At the request of the booth can be done with a small vestibule, thanks to which the problem of wind blowing and precipitation falling inside will disappear. Also make two-room booths for females with offspring. And caring owners make for your pet window. The main thing is not to put the booth on the ground, but to make a pallet or raise it with the addition of beams which are nailed to the bottom.
The roof for the booth is recommended to make removable or opening. There are several reasons for this: it is easier to clean and disinfect, if necessary, you can quickly get a dog, additional air in the hot season. Sheepdogs are often set up on a flat roof.
Now we analyze the location and size of the entrance (manhole) in the booth for the German Shepherd. It will be optimal to make a height of 60 cm and a width of 40 cm. The entrance is better to do in the wide side of the booth, closer to one of the edges. If you make a hole in the center, then the dog at the entrance will rest against the wall. But if you decide to make a hole in the narrow side, then in this case it is located in the center. A low threshold can be provided between the floor and the manhole, which will prevent water from flowing into the booth.. In the cold season, the entrance is curtained with a curtain of dense material.
To build a booth you will need:
- plywood, boards or wall paneling,
- insulation (foam or glass wool),
- slate (preferably flat) or another roof covering,
- tools: hammer, nails, screws, handsaw, saw, measuring tape and so on.
You can quickly and easily build a booth from wooden pallets. They will serve as the base and walls, and the upper part, which will remain to nail the cover. The main thing is to cut parts according to size. Since one side of the pallets is already sheathed with boards, it is convenient to lay insulation in the middle.
Construction of the booth
Having prepared everything you need, we proceed to making a dog house using a simple example.
- We transfer the dimensions of the doghouse for the German Shepherd on the drawing.
- Measure out and cut out the necessary parts.
We build the bottom:
- We cut out two long bars and two shorter according to the width and depth.
- We bond them together, creating a frame. For the strength of the structure, you can attach another bar in the middle.
- We fix prepared boards or plywood on them.
Making the side walls
- We cut out four beams by the size of the depth and four by the height of the booth.
- Fasten along a long bar on both sides of the bottom along the edge.
- In the corners fasten the side bars of a smaller size.
- On them we beat the long bars of the upper part of the frame.
- Measure and saw off four beams across the width of the booth.
- Fasten them at the bottom and top between the front and rear bars.
- On the wall with the planned manhole, measure the distance between the lower bars and saw off two bars of this size.
- We insert them in place of the manhole and fasten, observing the width.
- Another cant do the width of the manhole.
- Having measured the desired height of the entrance, fasten it between the vertical bars.
- We sheathe booth with plywood or boards. If you do not plan to do a lifting roof, then we sheathe the top.
Roof of a shed:
- First you need to decide which side of the booth will be the entrance.
- Saw off the timber across the width of this side and fasten it from above to the edge. This is necessary to form the rise of the roof and the flow of water.
- Measure and saw off two beams, taking into account the visor and the rear drain (+ 20-30 cm to the length).
- Fasten them along the edges, leaving 5-10 cm behind the booth and carrying the rest of the length forward.
- Fastened to the uneven bars.
You can build and side canopy, under which to put the bowls with food and water. And also to make the bottom longer and wider.
If the booth will be in a covered aviary, then there is no need for lifting, visor and back stock. In this case, the coating is fixed directly to the top of the booth.
How to insulate the booth
As a rule, foam insulation of suitable thickness is used as insulation. For convenience, it should coincide with the thickness of the bars.
- We sheathe boards or plywood inside the walls.
- We put a heater.
- We sheathe the booth outside.
To insulate the roof you need:
- Fill around the perimeter of the trim bars of the required size.
- Lay the heater and sheathe.
- Attach the cover.
Everything. It remains to open the outside of the booth with varnish or paint and let it dry well and weathered.
And also lay a mat and teach the dog to the booth.
Choosing a place for the booth
For the constant maintenance of the German Shepherd should choose a relatively quiet place with a good view. It is better to place the enclosure and dog shed in a small distance from the house. It is important that the animal can see all the space of the courtyard, the front door and the gate. The best choice is to install a booth on an elevation - so you can provide a good overview, protect the building from flooding during rain.
A kennel must also be protected from the direct rays of the sun.
Option box for a shepherd do-it-yourself
IMPORTANT: A kennel for a German shepherd is put so that other buildings or trees protect it from the wind. But you should not choose a place by the fence where the animal will hear every person passing by. Also, do not have a booth near the garage, buildings for other animals, a toilet - the sounds and sharp odors will excite the shepherd.
Content during the cold season
Our climate conditions are characterized by low average daily temperatures for most of the year, and severe frosts in the winter months. The German Shepherd is well protected from short-term exposure to cold, humidity and wind with its thick coat. But with a constant content on the street in the autumn-winter season, the animal can get hypothermia, leading to various diseases, as well as frostbite of the paws and ears. To reliably protect the German Shepherd from the cold will need a warmed booth.
The room of the kennel is heated by the body of the animal, so you only need to create conditions under which the temperature will be kept as long as possible. To do this, wooden walls are made double, and between them lay a layer of insulation. The usual building insulation - mineral wool or polystyrene foam will do. With the same purpose, under the roofing structure, a second ceiling is made - the ceiling; thermal insulation is also placed on it.
Option booth for shepherd with a tambour
The vestibule representing the additional air barrier that separates the warm sleeping compartment from the cold street will help to keep warm.
The entrance door from the street and the inside of the vestibule must be closed with a curtain of thick material or tarpaulin. This will help protect the dog from sudden gusts of wind, eliminates the danger of blowing heat from the booth.
IMPORTANT: It will be difficult to keep the heat if the doghouse for the shepherd dog stands directly on the ground. You must make a wooden base with a height of at least 15 cm or put the building itself on the legs. The floor of the booth is also laid insulation.
To keep warm, the booth must be raised above the ground.
A dog house can be the simplest, resembling a rectangular wooden box in shape, such buildings are quite comfortable to maintain. Often the booth is a more complex structure, sometimes it is performed in the same style as the main house on the site. On the Internet you can find a project for every taste, you can also develop a design and make a booth for a shepherd dog with your own hands. If you are not sure which building will be convenient for the dog, it is better to show the breeder your favorite options.
To increase the comfort of the conditions of the animal, it is better to immediately think about the various useful elements. The project of the kennel may include a high feeder, a water bottle, a shed, a box for toys and other accessories, a place for a toilet. Drop gable roof is also well suited for storing additional accessories. If you bring all these details into the scheme at the initial stage, the final construction will be more convenient and will look neater.
Drawings and sizes
The most important stage - the correct measurement of the animal and the calculation of the size of the dog house. Place in the building should be strictly limited, it should be barely enough for an adult shepherd. Housing is heated only by the warmth of the animal’s body, so if the kennel is made more spacious, in winter it will stand in the cold.
To get the correct size for a German Shepherd Dog, measure the dog from tip of nose to tail, as well as height at withers. Add to the resulting figures 15 cm - this will be the length and height of the booth. Also measure the width of the chest and subtract 10 cm from it to get the size of the manhole. This opening should also be small to reduce heat loss - the dog should just go into it, slightly stooping. The height of the hole get, taking away from the height of the dog at the withers 10-15 cm
The booth is often placed in the period when the dog is still a puppy and has not reached its final form. In this case, you will have to rely on the advice of experienced breeders and use the standard sizes for a German shepherd kennel:
- 120-125 cm in length,
- height is 90-100 cm
- width is 65-70 cm
- dimensions of the hole 40x60 cm
The slope of a single-pitch roof is not recommended to do more than 15 degrees. So the dog will be able to use the roof as a place to lie down and observe the protected area. When installing a high gable roof slope is 30 degrees.
A booth with a vestibule is made more elongated - by 20–30 cm. The platform is often separated not by an entrance hole, but simply by an internal partition that does not reach the wall. In this case, the size of the kennel allows the dog to lie down, stretching out its paws, along the long side of the booth.
The drawing and the size of the box with a closed box for the German Shepherd
Required materials and tools
Attention should be paid to the choice of materials - the walls of the building should be well tolerated by temperature drops, exposure to ultraviolet radiation, do not swell from moisture. The box must be not only durable, but also completely safe for the animal. For the construction it is important to choose environmentally friendly materials without sharp odors, not containing toxins.
The best choice would be natural wood - suitable for the construction of comfortable and inexpensive hardwood or pine. It will be easier to build a booth from a wall paneling or edged board of a small thickness - 2-3 cm. The frame is made of wooden beams - square boards. It is important to choose wood of good quality, without knots, signs of rot or cracks. This will significantly increase the life of the future kennel.
For comfortable work with wood, you need a special set of tools:
- tape measure, marker or pencil for marking,
- building level,
- hammer, electric drill for fasteners,
- saw or electric jigsaw to cut parts
- fasteners - tie screws, screws, nails,
- joiner's glue, silicone sealant for joints.
To cover the roof is better to choose soft waterproofing materials - then the noise of the rain will not disturb the dog. Многие современные кровельные материалы также обладают теплоизоляционными свойствами. Некоторые детали постройки лучше подготовить заранее — брезент или пластик для закрытия лаза можно приобрести в строительном магазине.You should also buy special waterproof impregnation for wood and paint brush for their application.
IMPORTANT: In order not to cause allergies in an animal, inside the booths do not use industrial wood products. It is best to saturate the boards with natural oils.
How to build a booth with your own hands
With the help of a marker and a tape measure an exact drawing is made, the amount of material is calculated. The building site is cleared and leveled if necessary. The following steps are carried out for the construction of the booth:
- A rectangular frame of the base 15 cm high is assembled from wooden bars. It can be either exactly the size of the booth or go beyond it, forming a platform. Bars are fastened with screws and metal corners. For better stability, one or two additional rails are also made in the frame.
- If you think a warm booth, it is better to make a double floor overlap. To do this, you can use lining, edged board or moisture-resistant plywood. Mineral wool is laid between the layers - this insulation is durable, does not react to temperature changes.
- Four bars equal to the height of the booth are prepared; they are installed along the edges of the base. Between them, you can install additional crossbar.
- Set the wall of the vestibule inside the kennel. It can be made of plywood or wall paneling. The walls of the future booth sheathed plywood
- The manhole opening is reinforced with additional beams, which are nailed around the edges. Laz is placed on the wide side of the booth, in the vestibule area.
- The framework of the roof structure, made of bars, is installed. Three bars are additionally attached to one of the sides so that the flat roof rests on them at an angle of 15 degrees.
- The walls of the booth are sheathed with insulation, it is more convenient to use expanded polystyrene of the desired thickness. Then the final plating of the wall paneling is performed.
- The roof is installed, it is also better to warm it immediately. Door hinges made of galvanized metal or furniture fittings are attached to the underside. Easily opening the roof will help facilitate the procedure of cleaning in the booth. Roof construction
- At the final stage, the wooden walls are treated with an antiseptic and moisture-proof impregnation. Then the walls are painted or varnished on the outside; they are not made inside of this treatment - paint fumes are harmful to the animal. Laz is closed with a shutter, which is mounted on the wooden plank from the inside. That the curtain hung exactly to its bottom part a metal plate is sewn for weighting.
IMPORTANT: If during the winter period there are prolonged severe frosts (up to 30-35 degrees), one layer of insulation may not be enough. It is recommended to sheathe the booth from the inside with pieces of thick felt that can be removed in the spring.
Such warming by means of the construction stapler is made. Also during the cold weather, a bed of hay is placed in the booth and the second curtain is hung on the passage from the main compartment to the tambour.
A wooden box for a German shepherd dog can last up to twenty years, but remember that the building needs regular cleaning and disinfection. These procedures should be carried out at least twice a year. To do this, the animal is removed from the booth, the walls are cleaned with soft household chemicals, disinfected and treated with insect repellents. After thoroughly drying the tree, if necessary, re-cover it with protective impregnation. When the walls are completely dry, shepherd can be returned to the place.
Optimum conditions of detention
The dog house looks like a standard man’s house and has a roof, walls and floor. Since the climate in Russia is several cold months and several months of heat, it is quite reasonable to allow the presence of a winter road and an open overhang.
Guard dogs and service dogs that serve in state organizations live in special kennels. "Houses" for this category of dogs have a free enclosure, enclosed multi-section metal mesh and a warmed winter room inside it. The floor is a wooden floor above ground level with the obligatory removal of excess moisture.
Booths for domestic dogs are arranged a little differently. For the guard dog of a private house and the site, the entire territory of the enclosed enclosed site serves as an aviary, but the booth is done according to the same principle - a covered shed with a feeding trough plus a warm room.
Basic requirements for the choice of location
- The whole area should be well viewed for the dog. We must choose a place where there is an overview of all protected buildings, because the animal does its job.
- It is strictly forbidden to lodge dogs together with other animals, as this distracts him with smells, sounds, noises and, ultimately, will negatively affect his behavior and health.
- The ideal place is a small hill. Here is a great overview and there is no excessive moisture.
- When choosing a place for a booth, it is necessary to take into account the dominant wind direction and light directions. The dog's body does not like drafts and excessive dampness, so the entrance to the "apartment" should not be on the leeward side so that rain and snow will not blow under the shed.
- To the owners and the dog did not interfere with each other, the booth should be built at a short distance from the house, but not less than 10 meters.
- It is highly undesirable to place the booth directly on the ground and it is imperative to make an air cushion between the floor and the ground of 10 centimeters. In this case, the bottom of the booth will be ventilated, in the fall it is dry, and in the winter it is not cold.
- It is necessary to properly organize the place of the feeder. Bowls with food should stand steadily so that the dog accidentally could not turn them over. It is advisable to make a low table and securely attach bowls of food and drink on it so that the owner can easily change them.
Everything starts with taking measurements. For the German Shepherd, Caucasian Shepherd (Alabai), for any watchdog and large dog, in the construction of the kennel it is necessary to take into account its individual dimensions. Namely:
- Width of the shoulders or width of the chest - the value of "B".
- Height at withers - h value.
- Overall height or height is “H”.
- The length of the body - the value of "L".
When building a German Shepherd dog house it is very important that the room is adapted just for her, as if the kennel is small, the dog will be cramped and uncomfortable in the new “apartment”, and cold in the too large one. Ideally, the size of the interior of the booth should allow the dog to go in, roll over and lie down, and in winter to warm the air of the kennel with his breath.
If the guard dog is still in a quivering, puppy age and it is required to urgently "lodge" - you can build a small box with a reserve for growth. But you can immediately build a booth with your own hands for an adult animal, taking into account the dimensional parameters of this breed, taking into account the specific features of the constitution of his parents.
The scheme for the construction of the booth do it yourself, features
Construction of a German Shepherd Doghouse does not require special skills in construction and it can be easily done by hand. To begin with, as in any case, you need to make a sketch, and then a drawing of the structure. The main thing to take into account all the necessary life priorities of the dog itself and to give free rein to the creative imagination of the owner.
Roof construction make one - or gable. Since some dogs very much like to bask in the summer in the sun lying on the roof - you need to take this into account and deliver such pleasure to the caretaker. A combined option is also possible if the booth has an open canopy. The roof should not be made too sloping, the angle of inclination should not exceed 30 degrees. The flat roof on the booth is undesirable, as it will accumulate moisture and, in the end, can give a leak that is highly undesirable. It is very good to make part of the roof foldable - this will allow the owner to control the sanitary condition inside the kennel, to clean and replace the litter.
Walls and partitions
The walls of the box outside and inside should be solid, without cracks, with a smooth surface. For the construction of the winter road walls are insulated durable, but not crumbling material. It is best if the wall structure has an air cavity filled with insulation. For this purpose, you can use sawdust, foam, felt, other modern environmentally friendly insulation without a specific smell.
The floor in the booth and under the open shed should be made of natural material. It should not allow large gaps, knots and irregularities. In winter, in the booth instead of bedding, you can use straw or hay, as well as clean and dry rags. In summer, covering the bedding in the booth is optional.
Laz should be made of durable natural material without knots, protrusions and large cracks. It should allow the dog to freely and freely enter and exit the kennel. In winter, a curtain of dense material is hung at the entrance. Felt is most often used for this purpose. The curtain should be wider and longer than the manhole itself by about 4 centimeters, but so that it does not interfere with the dog to move freely.
The roof of the booth must be impermeable material. To do this, you can use modern cover and tile. It is undesirable to make the roof thin and to use a metal sheet, as in the summer the air inside the kennel can overheat significantly under direct sunlight.
To perform walls and partitions, it is preferable to use a natural building material: wood, logs, plywood, MDF ... Materials from solid mass must be treated with special impregnations that will prevent the formation of fungus and mold. To make the house for the dog look as attractive as possible, you can paint it from the outside or use facade materials for decoration. The interior of the winter road and canopy is not recommended to paint.