Rabbits can be fruitful year-round. Their sexual activity only slightly decreases in the fall - for a short period of time. Earliness can also be attributed to the unconditional advantages of these animals. Puberty at them comes at the age of 3.5-4 months. Rabbits are paired for the first time at 5-6 months, after their body is strong enough. Experienced animal producers advise to carry out the first mating not earlier than the time when the female reaches a weight of 3.5 kg. Large breeds usually ripen later, small ones earlier.
How long does a pregnant rabbit go before giving birth?
The term of gestation of the young by the female depends primarily on her breed. On average, pregnancy in these animals lasts about 28-35 days. However, in most cases, the uterus bears rabbits for about 31-32 days. By this time it is worth carefully preparing the animal's cage - to disinfect it, and also to install additional drinkers and mother liquor.
Big rabbits (giants, rizeny, flandry), as a rule, carry cubs longer. In small varieties (butterflies, ornamental), the gestational age is shorter. In addition to the breed, the duration of suckling may also depend on such factors as the number of embryos. The more of them, the faster the uterus will give birth.
The answer to the question of how much a pregnant rabbit walks, also indirectly depends on the age of the animal. Many mature babies at a time are usually brought only by mature, experienced females. In first-pup, no more than 4-6 babies appear most often. Consequently, their pregnancy in most cases lasts longer.
How to determine sukrolnost
So, we found out how much a pregnant rabbit walks. Next, let's look at how to determine the actual success of mating itself. It is very difficult, unfortunately, to find out whether the uterus is pregnant. These animals are able to hide their suckling well. However, there are several ways to determine pregnancy. The simplest technique is the so-called palpation. Conduct this procedure two weeks after mating. The rabbit is planted on a flat place with his head to himself. Next, put her left hand on her back, and right hand gently feel the stomach. Along the edges of the uterus of a pregnant rabbit, you can grope for a small “pea” embryo.
To find out how successful the pairing was, you can also just hook up to the female crawl. If the uterus does not allow the "gentleman" to him, snaps and chases him around the cage - then, most likely, she is pregnant. It is also possible to determine the sukroolnost so no earlier than two weeks after mating.
Sometimes farmers will find out that there will soon be a replenishment in the herd, and for all sorts of indirect signs. Pregnant females most often begin to behave unusually. Large rabbits can become very aggressive, small ones, on the contrary, shy. Often, suckling females also become choosy about food.
In the cage to the pregnant female should be placed a special box with a hole for entry. Too high queen should not be. The main thing is that the nest that the rabbit later built in it should be closed from prying eyes on all sides. The lid of the box should be made folding. In the future, this will allow to follow the development of rabbits.
Pregnancy in rabbits: when will childbirth come?
The following factors may indicate a near momentum:
- The female begins to build a nest from scrap materials.
- The bunny rabbit is no longer picky about food.
Usually, the day before the chopstick, the female begins to pull out the fluff on her breast. And she does it very intensively - before the appearance of bald spots. If a lot of fluff is noticed in the cage, it means that, most likely, the rabbit will have young cubs that night.
What should the owner do?
Own rabbit farm - it is always a definite trouble. And especially when females have time to give birth. During this period, the owners of animals should take some actions aimed at preserving the offspring born.
It goes on in the female, depending on the number of rabbits, 5-20 minutes. In some cases, childbirth can take up to an hour. The uterus drinks a lot during circling. Therefore, the drinkers in her cage should be filled to the top.
The babies themselves are born naked, blind and completely helpless. Some time after the petrol owner has to put on a rubber glove and check the nest. Detected dead cubs need to be removed.
How do rabbits develop
In order for the farm to please its owners with quality products, the conditions of breeding rabbits must be at the level. Especially this concerns cubs. Rabbits grow very quickly. After two weeks, they put on weight almost 5 times. Children start moving independently in the third week of life. At this time, the owners of animals need to disinfect the cage and remove from it the mother liquor.
Eating from the feeder along with the rabbit calves begin also at about 3 weeks of age. At this time, it is desirable to completely exclude beets from the diet of animals, since it is a strong laxative. Grass rabbit with droppings should be given only dried.
Keep babies in a cage with a female for at least two months. The longer the rabbits will be with their mother, the faster their development will proceed in the future, and the more profitable will be the rabbit breeder farm. New rabbit mating is usually carried out a month after the jigging of the young. Previously, this is not recommended. Before the new pregnancy, the female's body should have a good rest.
Well, we hope, we have quite extensively answered the question of how much a pregnant rabbit walks. These animals are hatching for about 30 days. Actually, the pairing itself is carried out about once every four months. With this technology, breeding can get up to three litters per year.
How to recognize pregnancy rabbits
It is possible to determine whether a female is pregnant or not in several ways 2 weeks after mating with a male.
Fingertips need to grope the fruits in the female's stomach, they feel like a chain of balls. We must behave carefully so as not to harm the kids. The rabbit should be taken by the ears and neck by the right hand, and the left hand should be grasped between the hind paws below. The thumb should be put on the right side, the other fingers on the left. If the pregnancy has come, then it will be possible to grope embryos in the stomach.
For comparison, before this is to check the rabbit, who does not expect offspring. If there was no previous manipulation, there is no confidence in their actions, it is better to contact the veterinarian so that the lives of the rabbits are not threatened.
Other common symptoms are:
- Aggression. Males sit down to the rabbit and look at her behavior. Pregnant women do not accept courtship, growl at the male, run after him in the cage. Sometimes females do not refuse to re-act. Often, the rabbit in the position of biting the owner, do not allow to touch themselves. This is due to the inclusion of maternal instinct. Others behave the other way around calmly, hiding in the house, avoid contact with people.
- Roundness About a week after the covering, the female's abdomen begins to round off, but this may not be noticed under a layer of fluff. Closer to childbirth rabbit is difficult to walk, they become like a ball, mostly lie.
- Nesting. It is necessary to put a little hay in the cage and see what the rabbit will do to him. A pregnant female will take it to the teeth and begin to build a nest. On the same principle, the rabbit plucks fluff from his belly before giving birth.
- Changes in nutrition. In the waiting period for the baby, the females often begin to drink a lot of liquid and eat, their taste preferences change. So, the rabbit can defiantly throw out the food she is used to from the trough, showing that she wants something else. But such changes are usually in the first week of waiting for the baby, then everything falls into place.
This condition, when the pairing did not end successfully, in place of the ovarian follicle a yellow body appeared. About 2.5 weeks after crossing, the female behaves like a pregnant woman. If after this time the activity decreases, the rabbit is ready to mate again, then we can talk about the falsity of the process. This is due to the low survivability of sperm partner, as well as when the female gives birth without interruption between pregnancies. And then we will talk about how much a rabbit bears rabbits in time.
Pregnant bunny in the pen
How many bears and when does the lambing occur?
So how long does a rabbit's pregnancy last? Rabbits begin to mate at the age of 3-5 months. The gestation period ranges from 28 to 35 days, mostly about a month (30–31 days). The term depends on the breed of rabbits, the number of pups, the age of the animal.
Rabbits of large breeds (Flandres, giants) go pregnant longer, while small (decorative) give birth faster. The more embryos in the stomach of the uterus, the faster they will be born. Young rabbits give birth to about 4–5 babies at a time, their gestation period is longer than that of experienced individuals.
Toxicosis can both greatly disturb an individual, and proceed with mild symptoms. Frequent manifestations of toxicosis are:
- difficulty breathing
- frequent urination,
- failures in the central nervous system,
- smell of acetone from the mouth.
How to care for a pregnant rabbit?
As we already mentioned, the gestation period in rabbits lasts on average 30 days. It is necessary for the female to ensure tranquility by isolating it from other rabbits, external stimuli (noise, bright light). It is easy to frighten a pregnant woman, which can provoke a miscarriage.
A male after birth must be transplanted, otherwise he may injure the babies and re-fertilize the rabbit. During gestation, special attention should be paid to the diet and living conditions of the future mother.
Just born baby rabbits
Water in the rabbit cells should always be, especially for the period of the cycle. At this time, the female wants to drink, in case of strong thirst she can eat the cubs. The diet needs to be diversified and included in it:
- fresh vegetables such as beets, carrots, cabbage,
- grass and hay from grasses,
- vitamin supplements such as vitamins C, D, fish oil.
With a poor diet, females will have problems with milk, babies will be born weak.
You may be interested in the following posts on the topic of rabbits:
Preparing the cells for the period of delivery time
In the rabbit house provide ventilation, while avoiding drafts. High temperatures, bright light should also be excluded. Do not forget about hygiene, cleaning is best done at times more often than usual. Approximately 5 days before delivery, a nest for babies should be placed in the cage.
The rabbit dwelling should be disinfected so that the infections to her and the offspring are not terrible. For processing, you can use a special disinfector or hot water with potassium permanganate. After applying the first cage, rinse with hot water.
Excellent homemade nest get out of the cardboard box. It should be about 10 cm longer than the female in the supine position. If it turns out differently, then the rabbit will not understand the purpose of this structure. On one side of the nest should be cut out with a threshold for the rabbit. It is necessary to make so that the female could come and go, and the litter and the babies did not fall out.
Little rabbit guarding the cubs in the pen
In the finished nest you need to put clean, soft hay, part of it should be left in a cage. So the rabbit will be able to arrange a place for kids to your liking. Instead of hay they use sawdust, shavings, pieces of newspapers.
Signs of the approaching rabbit circus
What is the gestation period in rabbits, we have disassembled. The female has cubs for about 1 month. The last week of gestation of offspring is especially hard tolerated by females. They should not be let out for a walk. The efforts of man, rabbit, should be directed to the improvement of the cage and nest for future offspring. You can judge that babies will be born from day to day by the following features:
- Rabbits are nervous, they behave aggressively towards other individuals and people.
- Sometimes the state of the females is too calm before the birth of babies, they climb into a dark corner and sit quietly there. This is not a deviation from the norm.
- The female again begins to actively eat and drink plenty of fluids.
- Future mother arranges a nest a few days before the roundabout. She moves the hay to a place designed for babies, and lays it out. In the same place she spreads her down from the belly and chest.
If the female pinches down, but does not carry it into the nest, it should be carefully moved there. When the rabbit tears up fluff long before the birth, you should tidy it up so as not to clog, and later put it back in the cage. Such mothers require attention to themselves, most likely they will not properly care for their offspring.
Does a person need help at birth and how many days does a rabbit give birth?
Bass rabbit occurs more often at night or in the morning, rarely during the day. The process takes 10–60 minutes, but can take several minutes, more than an hour. Females usually give birth without help, you just need to control the process, checking whether everything passes without problems every 10 minutes. If the rabbit cannot give birth to large calves or other difficulties arise, then the help of a veterinarian is necessary.
Slightly grown rabbits
But how many rabbits does a rabbit give birth? Up to 15 rabbits can come into the world, it’s impossible to guess the exact number before the birth. Usually there are 5–8 babies in litters, but in young females 3-4 babies can be born.
Rabbit leaders make sure that children are not born on the floor. If this happens, the rabbit needs to be transplanted into another cage, wipe his hands in fluff from the nest and place the young there, covering them from above. It is necessary to return the female not earlier than in 20 minutes for the human smell to disappear.
Ideally, the rabbit after giving birth licks its young, covers it with down in the nest and feeds it. But if she behaves differently (scatters, tramples rabbits, shows aggression towards them), you can provide the babies with a water-bottle and you can sit down the female only for feeding.
If this does not work out, then the pups will have to be transplanted to other females. To do this, they are cleaned of the old fluff, rubbed with fluff from the new nest and enclosed by a calm and mature female.
When the rabbits are in the nest well-fed and heated, you should not disturb the mother, it will unnerve her. You can pick up the cubs when they are covered with wool and begin to crawl out of the nest.
Rabbit breeders get from healthy rabbits, which will soon multiply the offspring. But Pregnancy and childbirth females require human moral, practical training. He should pay attention to the baby and the newborn, as well as observe the rules of care relating to them.
Now you know how much a pregnant rabbit walks and how to correctly determine her interesting position.
Finally, we propose to see an interesting video on the topic:
When rabbits are ready to mate
Fertilizing cells in rabbits will be produced in sufficient quantities with an appropriate level of hormone stimulation, diet and other external factors.
Known for receiving offspring should be mating female and male. This should take into account the fact that the female reaches a state of puberty by 4 months of small breed and 6 months of large. When crossing fluffy brethren, it is necessary to avoid mating of individuals from one brood and close relationship.
In the prime of his life a rabbit can cover a female 4 times a day (2 times in the morning and in the evening).
How to confirm pregnancy in a rabbit
Determine the pregnancy rabbit in the early stages, it will be possible by her behavior. Female behavior dramatically is changing:
- she starts avoiding males
- shows aggression,
- make sure that the rabbit has suffered, it will be possible on such a bright sign, as the warming of the queen cell (the place where the newborn rabbit will be). This process is laid by nature. It looks like this - the suckling female begins to tear out the fur from the abdomen and equip the “nest” with it,
- The fourth obvious factor in pregnancy is weight gain. But in order to track this, it is necessary to check the weighing of the animal before mating.
It will be useful for inexperienced breeders and farmers to know that bunnies often have a state of false pregnancy, when there are all the symptoms, and there are no fruits in the womb of the female. Doubts may occur for 21 days after mating. Misconception will not last long, if you check the presence in the belly of the fruit. It is possible to confirm the state of the pregnancy of the female by probing the abdomen. Для этого необходимо перевернуть будущую мать на спинку и погладить живот для расслабления животного.
Если же «пушистик» проявляет норов, следует погладить брюшко внизу, не переворачивая тело. Действовать нужно аккуратно, не пугая самку и не причиняя ей боль. Для сравнения, можно произвести подобный осмотр с самкой, у которой не было случки. Experienced breeders quickly pick up the difference and determine pregnancy, and beginners will need to learn.
Fetal embryo detection is a sure sign confirmation the pregnancy of the female rabbit.
To the touch, the future rabbits appear to be small balls. Rabbit leaders with experience seize the future mother's ears, and push the other hand between the hind paws so that the palm rests on the stomach and gently probes the contents of the uterus.
Even if earlier the samochka was distinguished by its meek temper, then with the onset of pregnancy, she can begin to bite all those who care for her.
Before childbirth, the rabbit babies have round bellies, their breathing becomes frequent, and their movement around the cage is rare. Basically they lie in a secluded place and move only to the trough.
The duration of pregnancy of the female rabbit
When confirmed fertilization, you can tune in on waiting for offspring.
How long does rabbit pregnancy last? According to veterinarians and rabbit breeders, the rabbit will be in a state of pregnancy for 28-35 days. On average, the duration carrying offspring lasts about 1 month. Births can occur on day 31 or 32. But to move in the womb the rabbits will begin on the 25th day.
Throughout pregnancy, the state of the animal can not be overlooked. The animal must be active, have a good appetite and be well-fed. To traditional food is to add chalk or bone meal.
Signs of imminent labor in a rabbit
how many lasts we already know pregnancy in rabbits, now we need to recognize the proximity of a rabbit.
The behavior of the future mother on the eve of the okol can be radically different - aggressive or very calm. About a week before giving birth, the female may begin to show excessive activity, hostility towards other individuals. At this point, the rabbit needs to be moved to the rabbit house, where sanitary cleaning has been carried out, an equipped quinister filled with hay, to which will soon be added fluff from the mother's belly. If the animal was distinguished by a steep burrow and mobility, then it can be, on the contrary, very calm before it is around. Having huddled in the corner of the rabbit hen, the female will wait for its time.
But in any case, "fluffy" pregnant women will begin to feed in a larger volume and absorb the liquid.
The process of childbirth begins in the quiet time of day (night or early morning hours). As on the eve, and some time after the roundabout, it is not worth once again to disturb the mother and her offspring. The little rabbit cares for her babies twice a day (she feeds with milk and licks). The rest of the time the animal is trying restore strength to get back to normal and have enough milk for their crumbs.
On the duration of pregnancy leaves its mark on the breed of the animal. It is known that larger species of rabbits, such as giants, Flandres bear fruits longer than smaller breeds (Californian, butterflies). Also on the duration of pregnancy affects the number of fetuses in the abdomen of the female. The more germs, the faster (by reasonable standards) it will come around.
Young females bear longer in time, but they almost always have germs in half. Most often it is 4 bunnies.
Zoologists have noticed that some females suffer from toxemia during gestation. Therefore, if the rabbit during the "interesting" situation changed taste preferences or decreased appetite, you should not immediately sound the alarm and suspect the disease.
To determine the presence of toxicosis in a pregnant rabbit can be on such featured:
- rapid breathing
- nervous or depressed
- presence of smell from the mouth of acetone,
- frequent urination.
The diet is of great importance both during the pregnancy of the rabbit and the feeding of the rabbit.
Prerequisite is the presence of water in the rabbit. Known to be such an unpleasant fact - eating by a female recently given birth to a female newborns kids So here is one of the reasons pushing for such a cruel act, the lack of water to quench thirst.
Feeding a nursing female should include fresh vegetables (carrots, cabbage, fodder beet), hay, green grass (alfalfa, herbs) and vitamin supplements.
How should the rabbit cage be equipped before
The rabbit cage must be ventilated and at the same time be free of drafts. We must not forget about the regularity of cleaning in rabbit houses, in time to remove the remnants of food and faeces. On the eve of the birth, the mother liquor is placed in a cage so that the female has time to warm it with her fluff. Cage follows process hot water with the addition of potassium permanganate.
The nest or mother liquor is most often made in the form of an inverted rectangular box with a round opening for entry-exit. The size of the queen cell should allow free placement in it of the mother and offspring. Bottom at the entrance it is recommended to make the threshold, so that kids do not fall through it. For warming the nest, they use both soft hay and sawdust with shavings. His down bunny rabble a couple of days before giving birth. Inexperienced females can pick fluff, but do not put it in the nest. In such a situation should be sent to the mother liquor in person.
How many rabbits can a female give birth to?
Now the reader knows how much a pregnant rabbit walks, the next question should be about the expected number of rabbits.
A healthy rabbit can lead from 4 to 15 animals. The number of babies depends on completeness. diet mother, her breed and reproductive age. But most often the offspring is 7-10 rabbits. Time of delivery can take from 20 to 60 minutes. It will matter what kind of childbirth, the breed of the animal and its individual characteristics. Most often, the birthing process takes no more than half an hour. The female copes on her own, and, as a rule, the owner’s help is not needed. But if problems arise, it is necessary to resort to the help of a veterinarian.
Course of pregnancy
Fertilization of the rabbit occurs by mating it with the male. Usually rabbit ready for the first coating between the ages of four to six months. Abroad, in large rabbit farms, artificial insemination is used, but in our country this method is almost never used.
Coverage of the female occurs during the so-called sexual hunt, when she is ready for mating. Mating can be considered valid if at the end of the process the male falls on its side and grunts rather.
Conception does not always happen the first time, and often the rabbit is re-planted to the male. If fertilization is successful - pregnancy occurs. How to determine whether the female conceived or not?
How long does a pregnant rabbit walk, and how long does the birth itself go on?
Many novice breeders are interested in the question - how many days after the coating does the rabbit rabbit occur? The gestation period for all rabbit breeds is the same.
Pregnancy of the rabbit usually lasts a month, but can last from 28 to 33 days. Usually, 30-31 days pass from the moment of conception, but there are exceptions. It happens that the joy can last up to 34-35 days. Future rabbits begin to move in the womb about the 25th day of gestation.
At this time, the embryos are almost completely formed in the future calves. Experts have noticed that the more youngs in the offspring, the less time they are harvested. How long the rabbit's pregnancy lasts also depends on the conditions of its maintenance and the health of the animal itself. The most productive rabbits are under three years old. How many bunnies are carrying babies - also depends on her age.
Usually, the rabbit gives birth quickly, but if the female is around the first one, or the size of the offspring is too large, then this process can be delayed by an hour. In this regard, it is impossible to say exactly how long a labor can take.
Experts call the time interval from 10 minutes to one hour.
Rabbits prefer to give birth in the dark - at night or in the early morning. The rabbit is a shy animal, but at this time the impact on the female of external stimuli is minimal. The birth of baby rabbits usually proceeds easily, and mother’s outside help is not needed. However, like any other living creatures, rabbits are also not immune from complications during childbirth. In such cases, without the help of a vet can not do. Sometimes even cesarean section is practiced (in particularly difficult cases). If the birth was normal, after their termination the female calms down, licks the offspring and eats the last.
How many babies can be born in one okrol?
It is very difficult to predict in advance the number of calves in the offspring.
From five to eight rabbits are considered the average number of litters, however, in one okrol, the female can give birth to 12 or even 15 cubs.
Practicing rabbit breeders have noticed an interesting feature: the more rabbits in the future litter, the less time they are harvested, the fewer young, so, respectively, the longer the pregnancy lasts. An exact explanation of this pattern has not yet been found.
There are cases when the pairing ends with not full-fledged fertilization, but the so-called false pregnancy.
To distinguish it from the real non-specialist - very difficult. This is explained by the fact that the follicle membrane has ruptured, but the sperm did not penetrate the egg cell. As a result, the body has a so-called yellow body. At the same time, for the first 15-18 days, the behavior of the rabbit is no different from the behavior of a pregnant female. However, experienced breeders can distinguish a false pregnancy from a real one. The fact is that a few days before the birth, the female begins to prepare the nest for the future rabbits.
She drags straw into the mother liquor and tears down the fluff on her stomach and chest, laying it there too. This usually occurs on the 27-28 day of gestation. If this behavior starts on the 18th day, then most likely the pregnancy is false. After 18 days the effect of the corpus luteum stops and the activity of the rabbit drops sharply. After that, the female is again ready to mate.
What can cause such a false process? Experts agree that the main reason is the poor quality of the male semen, which contains non-viable sperm with low activity.
The intensive use of the rabbit in reproduction, in which she gives birth almost without interruptions, can also provoke a false pregnancy. This is typical of industrial rabbit farms, where productivity is put at the forefront.
How is it going?
The process itself is very simple. The female, before giving birth, settles in the nest and begins to prepare for them. It is positioned so that it is convenient to immediately lick the rabbit. Leaving the birth canal, babies are between the mother's hind legs. As soon as all the offspring appears, the mother eats the released last and carefully licks the cubs.
The light rabbits appear hind legs forward. Newborn babies are completely helpless, blind and bare-skinned. However, immediately after birth, they are already able to suck breast milk. As we said above, childbirth takes place within one hour, but usually this process is completed much faster - in 15-20 minutes.
The owner’s help in giving birth to females is not needed. Strong maternal instincts allow them to cope successfully themselves. The only thing that a person needs to do right now is to examine the born offspring for the presence of dead rabbits in it. If there are any, they should be immediately removed from the socket. The rest of the cubs need to be examined and made sure that all of them are moving and not a single rabbit has frozen.
Care for a sucker rabbit
Sucker rabbit need only three things: peace, quiet, and good food.
It is best of all if she will be in her cage all the time, carrying offspring, away from other domestic animals and from sources of sharp noise. If there is a need to get the future mother out of the cage, it should be done very carefully, without sudden movements and loud sounds.
The diet of a pregnant female should be nutritious, but not only. Food must contain sources of minerals and vitamins (for example, meat and bone meal, chalk, or special balanced feed additives).
In the cage should always be clean and fresh water! It is important to protect the female from external irritants. Stress and the subsequent surge in animal activity can lead to miscarriage.
In the cage, you need to maintain cleanliness and dryness, regularly clean the feeders and drinkers, as well as change litter.
Closer to the proposed day of the round in a cage, you need to throw a bundle of hay or straw so that the rabbit has something to build a nest from. Also put in the cell the mother liquor, pre-treated with iodine-saline solution.
If you fulfill these simple requirements, the pregnancy will pass quickly and easily, and the newborn baby rabbits will delight their owners.
Signs of pregnancy rabbit
Knowing how to determine pregnancy in a rabbit, its signs can be detected as early as 2 weeks after the pairing has passed. At this moment, the female's abdomen is probed to fix embryos that are felt as lumps, one after the other, or as an oval seal about 2 cm long.
The first signs of pregnancy appear two weeks after mating.
Feeling is done very carefully, so as not to damage the cubs.
The bunny rabbit should sit on a flat surface with the muzzle to the owner and be fixed with the hand by the scruff or ears. For a more accurate definition of pregnancy, it is good to pre-test a non-pregnant female. If there is no certainty that the test is correct, then you should contact your veterinarian. In addition to probing, the sukrolnost of the female is established by a number of other signs:
2. Behavior change
Changing the relationship of females to the owner. She can become very aggressive and actively bite when trying to touch her. This is due to the active inclusion of maternal instinct, which seriously changes the behavior of the animal. Some rabbits do not show aggression, but at the same time tend to hide in the house and by all means avoid contact, even with the owner.
3. Eating change
Pregnant little rabbits temporarily change their diet. They begin to consume more feed and fluids. The female's taste preferences also change, which is why she throws out the usual food from the feeder, thus showing that she needs a different feeding. This behavior is observed in the first week of pregnancy, and then the feeding behavior of the animal is restored.
If you put hay in a cage, the pregnant rabbit will begin to carry it into the house, settling in the nest. She will also pull out the fluff on her stomach and cover the inside of the nest with it so that the newborn rabbits, who appear naked, are warm.
Accurately determine the pregnancy rabbit can be a veterinarian
However, sometimes there is a false pregnancy in rabbits. Therefore, even if the female has all the behavioral signs, it is impossible to exclude 100% the probability that a false rabbit is present in a false pregnancy. In such a situation, after 20 days, the female will again be ready for mating, and her infertility will become apparent. Also, there are females that bring in not numerous offspring, which show little pregnancy, and the appearance of rabbits for them is a surprise for the host.
Duration of gestation
The average duration of pregnancy in a rabbit is 30-31 days. However, the birth of baby rabbits is not considered a pathology, starting from the 28th day of gestation and ending 35 days. How long a pregnancy lasts in rabbits depends on a number of reasons. The duration of pregnancy is affected by the following indicators:
- Female age
- Number of rounds
- The number of cubs.
So, rabbits belonging to the breeds of giants, bear rabbits longer than dwarf breeds. Also significantly affects the gestation period and the number of offspring. The more cubs the female brings, the sooner they will be born. Young females produce fewer babies and bear offspring longer than experienced rabbits.
Pregnancy of the rabbit at the beginning of the term can sometimes be accompanied by toxicosis. Manifestations of the body’s negative reaction to pregnancy may be weak and have almost no effect on the normal rhythm of the animal’s life. However, in individual rabbit toxicosis is very pronounced, and then not rarely need the help of a veterinarian. Manifestation of toxicosis in need of medical treatment, so:
- Frequent urination while maintaining a normal volume of discharge urine or a slight decrease,
- Respiratory impairment due to his difficulty
- Disorders of the central nervous system,
- Severe depression,
- Tangible smell of acetone from the mouth.
When manifestations of severe toxemia, which does not pass within 3 days, it is necessary to show the pregnant rabbit to the veterinarian.
When pregnant, bunnies require competent care. Success depends on him and the quality of the young stock. На протяжении всего периода, пока вынашиваются детёныши, самка должна быть изолирована от остальных кроликов и находиться в тишине и покое. Также нельзя, чтобы у животного был яркий свет. Организм самки особенно подвержен стрессам, и потому любое негативное воздействие легко может сильно испугать крольчиху, от чего у неё случится выкидыш.
Беременно самке требуется грамотный уход
The cage containing the rabbit must be comfortable, spacious enough, with a house and stand in a place protected from drafts.
Proper feeding of the suckling female
During pregnancy, the rabbit must be provided with quality nutrition so that the embryos in the uterus are fully formed. In the diet of a pregnant female should be present:
- Hay from grass
- Fish fat,
- Vitamin and mineral complexes for pregnant rabbits.
With improper feeding, females will suffer from low milkiness, and rabbits will be born weak, and often not viable.
The diet of a pregnant rabbit must be filled with useful vitamins.
Water in the cage must be constantly present. It is especially important to monitor the fullness of the drinker at the time of the roundabout, since if the female is not able to quench her thirst, which is very strong at the time of birth, she will eat her offspring.
Cell preparation rules
The cage for a pregnant rabbit prepares for a roundabout step by step. It will be necessary to clean it very often, because otherwise the risk that the female will become ill increases significantly. Optimally clean the cage every other day. The nest in which the rabbits are born is set 5 days before the estimated date of the rabbit. If you put the nest before, the female will spoil it, taking a new toilet. With a later installation of the nest, the bunny will not have time to get used to it.
A pregnant female should always have access to water and a cleaned cage.
A few days before the birth of rabbits, it is necessary to disinfect the cage using hot water and manganese or special antiseptics for the rabbit. Without this, the risk of infection of the rabbit and the newborn rabbit is high.
The rabbit's nest can be made from scrap materials or allowed to be made by her.
The nest is convenient to make a cardboard box. The size of the nest is 10 cm larger than the size of the rabbit in the supine position. The entrance to the box is cut so that there is a threshold. The hole should be comfortable for the rabbit, so that it easily passed into it.
The bottom of the nest is covered with soft and clean hay. Some of the same hay is placed in a cage so that the female can drag it to the nest and start settling. If high-quality hay cannot be found, use sawdust or even scraps of newspapers. His down boxed rabbit zastele itself.
Signs of a quick circle
During the checkout, the owner should closely monitor the rabbit, and therefore it is important not to miss its first signs. In the last week of pregnancy, the female feels bad, the pregnant rabbit walks with difficulty, since the maximum enlarged uterus does not allow normal movement and squeezes the internal organs. That okrol will take place in the near future, indicate:
- Aggressive behavior of the female relative to the host,
- The desire to hide in a dark quiet place
- Increase thirst
- Increased appetite - the female eats very often, but in small portions,
- Active arrangement of the nest - the rabbit plucks the fluff 2-3 days before the bark.
If for some reason the female does not lay down the nest in fluff, the owner should put on sterile gloves, pull out her fluff and put it in the nest. If the female nibbled down, but did not carry it into the nest, but threw it in a cage, it should be (also in sterile gloves) placed in the nest. Usually females that do not build a nest during pregnancy are bad mothers, and special attention is required for them.
Do I need the help of the owner when around?
Normally, okrol takes from 10 to 60 minutes and does not require human intervention. However, the owner check that everything is going fine. To do this, every 10 minutes, he looks at how the process of birth of rabbits. In the event that the rabbit can not be delivered, or there are any complications of akrol, immediate involvement of a veterinarian is required.