The Kurzhaars are descended from ancient hunting breeds that were used by nobles from Germany and Austria. It is a pity, but there is practically no information about those dogs, therefore the origin of the German points has more theoretical basis and indirect facts. But it is reliably known that the breed standard in Germany appeared between the 60th and 70th years of the 19th century.
Before the appearance of firearms, there were three types of hunting dogs in Europe:
- Dogs for baiting (greyhounds), were used to stalk and hold large animals.
- A pack of greyhounds, which was released to chase wolves, deer, etc.
- The hounds had the same task - to catch up with a small animal, but fast, for example, a hare.
They were very hardy and had a delicate flair. With gunmen dogs hunted birds, which, in fact, is still being done. The dogs found the prey and went to bed nearby, and the man threw a net over the bird. Because of this movement - go to bed before the prey, and the name of the breed occurred - the cops.
Among the breeds that produce feathered game from the thickets, the Spanish Pointer stood out for its working qualities. But very little is known about these dogs - there is an assumption that Spain is considered the birthplace of such dogs, and that their origin is connected with the crossing of Spanish breeds - cops and spaniels.
There were also Italian breeds, some were called Bracco Italiano, others - Italian spinone. At that time, they were common in various European countries and participated in the breeding of many hunting breeds. Researchers believe that the Kurzhaar breed originated precisely from the Spanish and Bracco Italiana pointers. Pointer appeared on the German lands in the 15-17 centuries. It was then that they crossed with local dogs. But this is only a hypothesis, there is no evidence.
However, the formation of a new breed - the German bird dog has happened. Of course, initially it was impossible to name a group of animals with some common characteristics and used for hunting. It is worth noting that the British hunters had a desire to display rocks with highly specialized data, and the Germans were towards universal breeds. But there was one similarity - in both states, hunting was considered solely as entertainment of the highest strata of society.
However, changes in the social structure made the hunt accessible to the middle strata of the population. And firearms changed the hunting principles themselves. Already ceased to be relevant content of a pack of dogs. People living in cities could keep one or two dogs. They hunted at that time not so often - a couple of times a month, so other duties were assigned to the dogs.
From the beginning of the 17th century in England began the standardization of local breeds and the management of breeding books. Among the first dogs that underwent this procedure were English Pointers, who experienced some transformation, transforming from cops into gun dogs with an elegant appearance.
Breed dogs Kurzhaar on photo
German points began to cross with English, and since the beginning of the 18th century, and with other representatives of hard-haired breeds. Such breeding work made the dogs faster and more elegant. From this point smooth-haired points and acquired a separate name - kurtshaar.
In the 60s-70s of the 19th century, they began to document the breeding work, and the breed began to finally form. In 1872 the Kurzhaars were added to the registries of the German Kennel Society, and in 1948 the breed was registered with the English Kennel Club. The Kurzhaars have become regular exhibitors, but as a service breed.
Dogs very quickly gained world popularity and by the 70s of the 20th century became the most common hunting breed in the USA. Today, their distribution has decreased slightly, as the kurtshaars require sufficient loads, not always possible in urban conditions.
Description breed Kurzhaar
Kurzhaar dog photo
Representatives of this breed belong to large dogs. The weight of males varies between 25-32 kg, height 62-66 cm, bitches slightly less - 21-27 kg with growth of 58-63 cm. The standard describes the kurtshaars as follows:
- Head the dog is elongated, proportionate to the body, with a wide skull and a slightly protruding forehead. The muzzle is strong, with powerful jaws, capable of capturing the game and bringing it to the owner. The dentition is full, the teeth fit snugly together.
- Nose slightly lowered or turned up, there is a small hump. The lobe is large, pigmented by brown color, the nostrils are wide, well open and mobile.
- Eyes medium, very expressive, with dense eyelids. The iris can be brown or light yellow. There are individuals with bright eyes, which lowers the dog's show rating.
- Auricles have a high setting and always hang down. The neck is proportional, long, with pronounced muscles.
- Dogs have a powerful, square shape. bodyin which all proportions are respected. The stomach is tucked up, the chest is deep. The back is straight, the loin is wide and slightly arched.
- Limbs strong, strong, with well developed muscles. At the front legs obliquely set blades, flat adjacent to the body. The bones of the shoulders are somewhat elongated. Hind limbs parallel to each other. The hips are wide, with dry, developed muscles. The fingers of the Kurzhaar are tightly compressed, the paws are rounded, less often oval, with strong, dense claws.
- Tail medium thick in the base area and thinned by the end. At rest, it is horizontal or may hang. During the hunt or search the tail rhythmically moves. There is a tradition of arresting the third part of the tail or half.
- Leather in dogs, it fits snugly to the body; therefore, in kurtshaars, it does not fold into wrinkles and does not form wrinkles.
- Coat representatives of this breed are dense, hard and rough, it feels like a brush to the touch. In the area of the head, the coat is somewhat softer, it is shorter and thinner.
There are several kurtzhaar color options:
- monophonic - black or brown,
- Sometimes the color is combined with a white tint.
Experienced dog experts have the opinion that if the kurtshaar has a yellow tan, it will be great to take a blood mark.
Of course, thanks to the centuries-old hunting history, the Kurzhaars, above all, are excellent hunters. But this does not prevent them from being loving, gentle pets. Dogs are loyal, intelligent and always eager to please the owner. They are curious and friendly, good for children.
Kurzhaar puppies photo
The innate protective instinct allows the use of Kurzhaars as watchmen. Purebred representatives are very attached to the family, need attention and love to be close to the owners. Loneliness they suffer badly. Without sufficient socialization, lack of physical exertion, dogs may show aggression, be fearful or have other behavioral deviations.
Like most hunting dogs, the Kurzhaar has a tendency to dominate and requires a host with a strong, strong-willed character. The person must know how to become a leader for the pet and hold this position. Without this, the dog will very quickly become unmanageable. If we talk in general, then the representatives of this breed can be attributed to the dogs of "one owner".
Kurzhaars have very developed intellect and irrepressible energy. These two qualities require that the pet was always busy with something, and it is training that is the best occupation for the development of qualities and distraction of the dog. In addition, it brings pleasure to the animal.
If the dog grows along with other pets - dogs, cats, then he calmly gets on with them. However, it should be borne in mind that small animals for these dogs with well-developed hunting instincts will always be an object for hunting. Among such breeds, the Kurzhaars are the noisiest representatives. Educate your pet when you can bark, and when not, from an early age.
How to care and maintain kurtshaar
As already noted, purebred dogs are unpretentious. In the house they need a place - bedding in the room, or pantry. Walking requires frequent - 3 times a day, at least 40-45 minutes (read about the rules of dog walking). But the dog should not wander aimlessly, it should be allowed to run. Wash your pet every 2-3 weeks.
There are some nuances in feeding the Kurzhaar. Traditional two meals are welcome, but all fatty foods should be excluded from the diet. The basis of the dog's menu should be meat, it can be given both separately and with cereals. If the dog eats ready-made dry food, you can feed it once a day.
The main indicator that a dog receives adequate nutrition and sufficient physical activity is that the last 3 ribs should show through the kurtskhars. These dogs molt three times a year. During this period, it is recommended to comb your pet with a special brush while walking. Then, on returning home, you can walk on the coat with a wet rubber glove.
Kurzhaar puppy price
Immediately it is worth noting that the breed is very expensive. Pet-class puppies that do not participate in exhibitions and breeding, cost around 15,000-25,000 rubles. It will be a great pet with no genetic abnormalities and documented.
30000-40000 rubles worth kurtshaar brid class. Such a pet can produce offspring, but minor flaws will not allow him to receive titles in exhibitions. Although it is quite possible to exhibit it. The price of a high-class puppy begins in the region of 65000-70000 rubles and can be much higher.
It should be noted that in Russia prices for pedigree kurtshaar puppies do not have a downward trend. One of the reasons for this fact is the rarity of the breed.
Kurzhaars are dogs with an elegant appearance, excellent physique and boundless devotion. But it is worth noting again that they need regular active runs. These are dogs for active people who have time to raise a four-friend.
From the history of the breed
The kurzhaar tree of descent originates from dogs that were actively used for hunting birds in the Mediterranean. They entered German estates through Spain, France and Flanders. One of the main advantages of the dog was its ability to work in the rack.
Soon after the first double-barreled shotgun appeared, there was a need for a dog that would work for flying hunting. This served as a transitional moment from the purebred pointer to the universal pug breed. She was named the German Kurzhaar. Photos of these dogs you can see in the article. They were crossed to give playfulness to the Fox Hound and the Blood Hound to acquire a delicate sense of smell.
At the moment, the short-haired German Pointing Dog still passes through the filters for breeding and improving the breed. The established standard assumes the build of a universal hunting dog, which will be able to fulfill all the requirements associated with catching an animal or a bird, even in adulthood.
Overall appearance and dimensions
It should be noted that the German Pointer kurtshaar is a fairly large dog. The height at the withers in males reaches 58.5-63.5 cm, and in females - 53-58.5 cm, and weighs up to 32 and 27 kg, respectively. The life span of representatives of the breed is on average 12-15 years.
Kurzhaar has a noble and courageous, beautiful appearance. The chest is not as deep as that of a pointer; the legs are slender. The color according to the standard is solid coffee, or spotty-coffee with specks, brown-pied, with specks and pied, coffee-pied, and black and pied. At the first meeting with the dog, the impression is well and harmoniously folded, aristocratic kind of animal with a cheerful disposition and intelligent eyes, which, however, is confirmed in the future.
Excerpts from the standard
Here are some of the requirements of the standard regarding the breed described:
- German Kurzhaar can not be too large or small and must comply with the above parameters at the withers.
- The head of the dog is dry, not light, but not heavy, in proportion to the body. The skull is slightly rounded and wide enough. The nose is brown, the nostrils are wide and open.
- The tail is set high, thick at the base and gradually tapering towards the end. It is cut in half length or 2/5 parts. When the dog is calm, the tail is lowered, when moving, horizontally, but it never bends over its back and is not raised.
- According to the standard, the German Kurzhaar has rounded legs gathered in a “lump”, or in the form of a spoon with thick pads. They must not be turned in or out. Fingers of arched appearance with powerful claws.
Kurzhaar possessor of an even and calm disposition. He is valued for his high performance, endurance, strength, speed, dedication and sociability. They are not aggressive and do not bite, but they easily cope with the role of a guard dog.
Representatives of the breed, as noted by breeders, are lovers of bark. In order for this feature not to interfere with the hunt, it is necessary from childhood to teach them to give voice only by a signal.
By the way, the German Kurzhaar can be trained easily enough, it is clever and sensitive to learning. However, he is characterized by a tendency to dominate, therefore, it is necessary to clarify who is the boss in the house immediately, otherwise he will feel weak and quickly understand who can be manipulated.
Dogs do not tolerate loneliness. They are very sociable and get along well with all family members, including children. With the latter should be careful, as the good-natured dog can just knock them down in a fit of joy.
The above facts once again confirm that the breed is universal in all respects. In addition to a great hunter, you will get a loyal friend and pet of the whole family.
Walks and load
The German kurzhaar hunting dog is very energetic, it rarely rests in a state of rest. That is why she needs long walks in the fresh air, active games and fast running. The rainy weather does not bother her.
The dog must give an "outlet to the emotions", otherwise it will begin to seek entertainment in the house. Walking should be long and at least 2 times a day. Exercise kurtshaar simply necessary, so be sure to play with the dog. She especially likes to bring something, and the further you throw the object (stick, rubber duck, plate, etc.), the better.
The German Kurzhaar can be kept both at home and in the aviary, on the street. In the first case, his curious character will not allow him to stand aside, and the dog will always be the center of attention and near his owners. And with the content in the aviary, heating is required. Dogs absolutely do not like drafts and this must be taken into account when arranging their place.
Be sure to provide them with good rubber toys and ropes, otherwise they can take up household items - slippers, shoes and furniture. Thick wool also requires constant care, it must be brushed regularly.
The described breed is distinguished by good health and excellent immunity in general. Using them for hunting in water and in inclement weather conditions is perfectly acceptable. Their thick coat dries out quickly and at the same time it warms well.
In rare cases, a German Kurzhaar dog suffers from joint diseases and femoral dysplasia, which are characteristic of other sports and hunting breeds. Diseases such as melanoma, cataracts, epilepsy, raw eczema and obesity can occur in the case of a sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise.
The important point is the ears. It is necessary to monitor their condition, maintaining cleanliness. In order to prevent various diseases, kurtshaar is required to do all the necessary (as recommended by the veterinarian) vaccinations.
In order for a dog to develop properly, be active, agile and fun, it needs a balanced and proper diet in the required quantity. German Kurzhaar is a hunter, so it’s not hard to guess that the basis of its diet should be meat (50%). Naturally, it must be high-quality and safe products.
Meat also includes offal, but in no case sausage or sausage. In addition, the dog requires clean water, vegetables and fruits (raw or boiled), as well as special multivitamins. Once or twice a week you can give dairy products, cereals, not too bony fish, eggs. Experts recommend eliminating from the diet pasta, peas, potatoes and various sweets.
The number of meals depends directly on the age of the pet. So, small puppies under the age of 3 months should eat often - 5-6 times, from six months this number is reduced to 3-4. It is enough for adult dogs to give food twice a day.
How to choose a puppy?
After making a decision to buy a German Kurzhaar puppy, the question of how to choose it is sure to arise. Do not make a mistake to help you registered standard. Внешние особенности собаки, ее родословная – все это основополагающие факторы, которые помогут выбрать настоящего охотника и преданного друга, любимца семьи и спортсмена с отличным характером и наследственностью. Выбирая щенка, обратите особое внимание на следующие моменты:
- Пол. Кобели – это прекрасные охотники в любое время года, а суки – лучше всего подходят для разведения породы и последующей продажи щенков.
- General appearance, including color, rack, ears, tail, correct bite, run.
- Age. Experts recommend taking small puppies - ideally up to 4 months or, in extreme cases, half a year. This is important not only for the owner, but also for the dog, since at a small age it is easier for them to adapt to new conditions.
- The qualities of the parents. To do this, pay close attention to the puppy's pedigree.
Hunting with the Kurzhaar
As already mentioned, the breed is universal. Kurtshaar is a born hunter - this is his direct purpose. He is extremely unpretentious, reliable, for him there are no barriers to hunting. It works equally well in the winter in the snow, with strong wind, rain or calm, in a swamp or in the forest.
In the summer you can not worry about insects that dog cares because of the tough and dense wool. In winter, during a hunt, it easily tolerates frosts of up to -20 ° C, but if there is a draft in the car, it can catch a cold when moving. It copes well with water in spring and summer. However, if the water is cold, you should wipe the dog after the hunt and cover it with a cape.
At home, the kurtshaar can get bored and become passive. His vocation is nature and hunting. Only there his tireless character is revealed fully. He changes before our eyes, as soon as he sees that the owner is going to hunt and remains overly grateful to him after its completion.
IKO "German Kurzhaar"
In our country, as in many others, there is an interregional public canine club, whose members are the owners of the German Kurzhaar. Due to the fact that the overwhelming majority of its members are active hunters, the work of the organization is aimed at achieving the maximum effect from the use of dogs in this matter.
A lot of useful information, communication with experts of the club and just your hobby colleagues will certainly bring a lot of new things into your life. All community members receive a number of benefits, namely:
- obtaining up-to-date information about club events before the others,
- 25-30% discount on participation in club competitions,
- the ability to create a blog and communicate with other club members,
- assistance in the preparation of documents in RKF and RALO,
- free posting of information about their dogs, etc.
- Cable weight varies from 25 to 32 kg, bitches - 21 - 27 kg.
- Height at withers is on average 65 cm in males and 60 cm in females.
- The color may be solid black or brown, in combination with white spots or yellow tan.
- The coat is short and snug. Feel tough and rough.
Kurzhaar is one of three varieties of German Pointers. There are also drathaar and langhaar. They differ mainly in the type of coat. There is a long hair on the muzzle of a Drathaar. At Langhaar wool is much softer and longer. Especially distinguished on the tail and ears.
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If you do not need a guard dog, but you appreciate golden character, the Labrador is for you! Find out more at this address.
Education and training kurtshaar should begin as early as possible. These dogs with sufficiently developed intelligence and perfectly amenable to learning. If you do not begin to engage in raising a puppy on time, it will be quite difficult to fix.
Kurzhaar training should be carried out, observing fundamental rules:
- learning to start as early as possible and patiently seek the execution of commands,
- commands to pronounce short, clear and calm,
- if a ban has been defined for a dog, then never allow it to be violated,
- Do not resort to deception to achieve better results.
- engage with a puppy systematically, without long breaks,
- encourage delicacy
- the lessons should not be too long for the puppy not to get tired,
- do not resort to physical punishment.
After learning the basic commands, the dog is taught hunting rules. The main working qualities of the kurtshaars are hereditary, which is why a person is only required to open and consolidate them.
Kurzhaar breed dogs do not show aggression to people. If the Kurzhaar feels that the person is unfriendly, then bypass him.
Black color with white spots
Features care and maintenance
Caring for this breed is simple. Special attention should be paid clean ears and teeth. Cut the claws regularly. Wool does not need frequent washing, but must be combed regularly. Although the Kurzhaars are short-haired, they shed pretty much.
It should be emphasized that their clothes do not stick to clothes and furniture. Therefore, they are great for content in city apartments. Unless, of course, the owner will provide her with active physical exertion.
Kurzhaar - dog unpretentious. This also applies to feeding. The only thing that is not recommended to feed the Kurzhaar is food from the human table.
If you decide to feed your pet dry food, then choose more expensive varieties. If you make your own diet, then 50% of the diet of the Kurzhaar should consist of meat. It can be given raw or cooked. Vegetables, eggs and dairy products must also be present.
Choosing a puppy
In our country, it is customary to transfer puppies to new owners. at the age of one month. He is ready for separation from his mother and will get used to new conditions more easily. At a young age, dogs are easier to train and grow tighter and tougher.
If you take a puppy you do not have the opportunity, you can buy a young dog in the age of one year. At this age, the dog will get used to the new owner, provided that it will be given enough attention.
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Adults kurtshaars difficult to get used to the new ownerbecause this breed is distinguished by devotion. And it will be more difficult to re-educate her.
If you need a dog for hunting, you should make a choice in favor of pedigree puppies. Otherwise there is no guarantee about the hereditary qualities and abilities of the dog. Unscrupulous breeders can sell puppies from unscheduled breeds.
Choosing a puppy is necessary to pay attention primarily to the achievements of the parents. After studying the pedigree pay attention to the physique, posture. Particular attention should be paid to the development of the musculoskeletal system.
The price of kurtshaar puppies varies on average from 10000 rub (without pedigree) and from 25000 (with pedigree). The price is mainly influenced by the achievements and titles of the parents.
- requires everyday physical exertion
- can sometimes be too active
- it takes time to train and keep fit.
If you are a lover of hunting and outdoor activities, then the Kurzhaar will become your friend and devoted friend. And thanks to its friendly character, it can be a wonderful nanny for your children.
Doberman - a characteristic of the breed and its features
Fashion for dogs changes frequently. But there are rocks that are not influenced by fashion. There are many reasons for this - the indispensability of any qualities, an outstanding mind, excellent adaptability, an interesting appearance or something else. It is precisely such that the Doberman breed is always in demand.
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The name "Kurzhaar" is formed by the merger of the words "kurz" - short and "haar" - wool. In the USA, the breed is called the German Shorthair Pointer, in Russia - the German Shorthair Pointer.
The first cops appeared in the Mediterranean several thousand years ago. From France, Italy and Spain, they gradually settled throughout Europe. In those days, they were used for hunting with nets and hunting falcons.
In many countries of Europe, enthusiasts began to breed their own national breed of beloved dogs. Due to the differences in hunting conditions, a natural separation occurred between the island (Ireland, Scotland, England) and the continental peninsula.
In contrast to the island, the continental cops are considered to be generalists. And Kurtshaar is one of the best representatives of the group. According to the generally accepted description of the Kurzhaar breed, their ancestors came to Germany from Flanders.
Typical male show-breeding in excellent physical shape.
Crossing with the local Hanover hounds, and later with the Spanish perdigero Burgos, led to the formation of the Württemberg Pointer. Kurzhaar - her descendant, after "refining" the blood of the pointer.
The Germans, with their usual care, did their best - the Kurens quickly gained the respect of hunters around the world. The breed is also known in Russia, although it is impossible to call our livestock numerous.
The appearance of the Kurzhaar is not just a standard for the sake of maintaining a pretty appearance. This is a dog with working tests, that is, for admission to the breeding is not enough to go to the exhibition.
Kurtz should not be as thin as a greyhound, but heavy weight is unacceptable. The chest is deep enough, the back is almost straight, strong long legs are set straight.
The stomach is tucked up, but not up to the "aspen" waist. The tail is set high, cut in half in countries where it is still allowed. Height: males 62 - 66, females 58 - 63 cm.
The head in the description is dry, the muzzle is wide and long, the jaws are powerful and strong. Wide ears are set high and hang, lying close to the head. Medium-sized dark brown eyes are set deep and not on the roll out. The skin fits snugly, without forming suspensions.
The natural stand of the kurzhaar dog of the show class (in the photo - Essoo vom Ogdenberg, 2014).
More than 30 points of the standard describe the shortcomings and vices of the exterior of the Kurzhaar. Plus, working quality and health, which is also inherited. By choosing a puppy of this breed must be approached very responsibly!
The short thick coat fits tightly over the whole body, tough and coarse to the touch.
Characteristics of the breed Kurzhaar
In the German standard there is no section "Character", we take the main features of the breed in the English standard. In the UK, the Kurzhaar dog is characterized as mild, obedient, cool and loyal. Under the gentleness of the British understand gentlemanly behavior, that is, the dog treats his companions kindly and with good manners. However, softness does not imply complete submission.
Excessive shyness and fearfulness are shortcomings that cause dogs to disqualify. The same fate awaits hyperactive neurotic dogs. These kurtshaars do not allow aggressive behavior towards people. Although they can express moderate aggression towards their fellow tribesmen.
The breed was derived as purely hunting, so it does not have a passionate attachment to one person - the dog must serve the hunters to obey them, to adapt to different people. This is the difference between the Kurzhaar and the Drathaar, another representative of the German copters, who show phenomenal devotion to their master. But this does not prevent the Kurzians from getting on well with their children and other pets. Contempt of the person and alienation - this is not about them.
Care and maintenance
Breed is characterized as not requiring special care. With one amendment - consider the impressive size! The dog needs a personal space of the appropriate size - a place where the pet can rest and sleep in peace.
The short-haired German Pointer's wool practically does not keep warm, do not allow drafts in the room, and also put on a jumpsuit or animal during a walk or workout outside in wet and cold weather. While driving, the dog will not freeze, but if it moves to a step, it will quickly become cold.
Grooming is a weekly brushing, bathing as needed. It is not often necessary to bathe, using mild detergents. Frequent water procedures with abundant use of soap lead to the leaching of natural oils that protect the wool from brittleness. Seasonal molt in these dogs is strongly pronounced. Brush them every day during shedding.
Dogs with an active lifestyle grind down their claws naturally. If this does not happen - cut the claws. To prevent the occurrence of unpleasant odor from the mouth, dental plaque and stone - carry out weekly cleaning of the teeth. Be sure to check your ears for the presence of inflammation and infectious diseases. This should be done at least once a week. Clean the ears with special solutions, which are prescribed by a veterinarian.
Breed differs in good health and endurance. These dogs easily adapt to any climatic conditions, are not afraid of cold and wind, climb into the water for game before the first frost. Virtually all diseases are associated with genetic defects that have arisen due to admission to the breeding of defective dogs. Genetically healthy individuals are active until the age of extreme old age. He comes to the Kurzhaar after 12 years.
The list of hereditary diseases is typical for all large breeds of dogs:
- dysplasia of the hip joints,
- von Willebrand-Diana,
- genetic eye disease: retinal atrophy,
- cleft palate,
How to determine the health of a puppy? Approach responsibly to the choice of nursery before purchase, ask about the results of genetic tests - this will reduce the risk of acquiring a sick animal.
- Provide your pet with fully balanced nutrition, proper care, and necessary exercise.
- Immediately vaccinate.
- Regularly treat your pet from parasites, use the means to prevent flea bites and ticks.
- Make sure your puppy's parents have passed genetic tests.
Mistakes during the breeding of a large dog can further lead to health problems.
Denis: “Two years ago I purchased this handsome man for hunting. He trained him in a special center for dogs. What can I say? Three hours of active walking with a dog a day is now my usual routine. Plus hunting 2-3 times a week. I live outside the city, I have no problems with it. I do not know how the citizens get out. The Kurzhaars cannot do without such an intense load. ”
Stas: “Behind a beautiful picture, the exterior of this breed is admired; an active hunter is hiding. During the walk, not a single bird or cat is left unattended by my dog. There is not even a question of walking it without a leash. Without a lead with him you can only in the woods on the hunt or in your own yard with a high durable fence. "
- brown solid,
- brown with specks or small white markings on the paws and chest,
- dark roan (a uniform mixture of white and dark brown hairs) with a brown head and white specks or spots,
- light roan (brown is lighter, the amount of white hairs prevails) with brown head and brown spots, no spots or specks.
- black main with marks like chalyh and brown dogs,
- white with specks or spots, with brown markings on the head.
Rare enough white color (female with 4 month old puppy).
Character and family life
Owners' reviews unanimously say that the majority of Kurzhaar are soft and sociable. In addition to a strong attachment to the owner, they are anxious to all family members. Understanding self-worth is extremely important - Kurtz should feel needed, loved and fully-fledged member of the friendly pack.
Adult raised dogs are very patient with children, even very small and sloppy. But the schoolchildren are the best friends from endless noisy games!
A strong hunting instinct can be included at any time. If the cat does not have a reliable shelter at the height, the case can end badly. The owners of the Kurtshaars recommend building shelves-steps leading to the ceiling for Murka - there the cat will sit out before the owner arrives and the "brains of the brains" to the bully.
Without work and activity, he will be bored and throw out excess energy on the household.
Birds, rabbits and other small things are legal prey. In their youth, some Kurzians have been harassing themselves by trying to get to the cage, and then to its inhabitant! Therefore, it is better to abandon the idea of keeping together the petty and the cop. Or put the cage there, where in the absence of people the dog does not have access.
Alertness to strangers rarely reaches open aggression - more often the Kurts loudly and fearfully bark at the “newcomer”, keeping in place the host team.
But in a critical situation, they will very effectively stand up for themselves and for any member of "their pack." And bitches are no less decisive, although, as is often the case, they are more manageable.
Upbringing and training
First of all, it is necessary to establish close contact and gain the trust of the initially open, but prone dog. Поведение "ничего не слышу, не умею – хоть убей" может включиться после единственного прокола. Например, излишне строгого наказания или нудной муштры.
Это не значит, что нужно прощать хулиганства. Напротив, курц должен четко понимать свое положение в иерархии стаи. Just punishment should be verbal, intonation. For a dog with a high intellect, from the nature of wanting to do everything right, this is enough.
Sincere love for the occupation of the owner according to reviews of the owners - a great help! German cops perfectly feel the mood of the owner, to which, surprisingly for a hunting dog, is really closely tied.
They can master the usual course of training, you need only a little more time and perseverance. The best proof of this is the Kurzhaar video of the teams:
The main thing in describing the nature of the Kurtshaar breed is activity, and puppies are literally overflowing with energy. It makes no sense to start training, not allowing your pet to spend part of the "charge". The load increases with age, necessarily gradually, giving time for the development of the muscular system, ligaments, respiratory system.
Natasku should deal with a professional who is familiar with the peculiarities of the continental pen. The experience of working with other hunting dogs is not enough to understand the behavioral nuances of the multi-disciplinary Kurtshaar.
For example, a dog is chewing a bird. We will punish! But he is not guilty, because in the pedigree there are many beast dogs. This is corrected gently, if at all corrected (you will not crush the genes with your finger). Or Kurtz works bottom - we will punish! For what? Indeed, for the continental it is not just normal, but desirable. There is no need to punish, but in parallel to develop the upper instinct.
Legashatniki, who prefer only island breeds (English Pointer, setters - English, Irish, Irish red-white, Scottish), can in a couple of lessons spoil the Kurtshaar so that not every pro will correct the consequences of such training.
Can Kurtshaar be brought to those who do not hunt?
This breed is created for hunting. And not the one that heels five times a year, but a constant one - a real job for one of the best companion dogs. It is hunting that makes it possible to unleash the makings of a breed completely, only while hunting, is Kurtz really happy.
But the appearance and good-natured character Kurzhaar conquers thousands of hearts around the world. And among them are many opponents of hunting. The most sensible option is to try to switch, find something else, ride around the exhibitions, take part in the run for the mechanical hare.
If the desire to buy a Kurzhaar puppy is irresistible, you need to be prepared for certain difficulties that a city dweller may call shortcomings. The hunting instinct will not go anywhere - urban cats and pigeons will not be happy with such a neighborhood. The need for loads also will not disappear just because the dog is not used for its intended purpose.
You can keep kurz as a companion, there are many successful examples. But it takes free time on a daily basis (three hours of running around is nothing for an adult dog, it’s not even out of breath). And a great desire to engage with a pet. Search and rescue service, agility, frisbee, freestyle, joint hiking, skiing or cycling - there are many options.
Nuances of content
In general, care for Kurzhaar is simple, adjusted for impressive size. The German cop needs personal space - a place where she can relax. It is important to avoid drafts, as the wool barely holds heat.
Seasonal moult is quite pronounced. Small hairs are hammered into furniture upholstery and clothing, from where they are difficult to reach. Therefore, the moltling of chicken must be daily combed out - do not be deceived by the modest length of wool.
It is important that feeding is balanced on all counts. Flaws during the period of cultivation can not be corrected, and the dog is large - weak muscles or bones will certainly lead to health problems.
Walking in the city only on a leash. If Kurzhaar suddenly runs after the cat, it will be very difficult to stop him. Although properly trained do not lose contact with the owner, even in the heat of a chase! But to achieve such obedience is difficult, and too many dangers in the city.
In winter and in the rain, the German Shorthair Pointer should be worn in a jumpsuit or a blanket. This is especially true for training in the cold. While moving, Kurtz does not freeze for a long time, but if he moves a step, he can quickly become supercooled.
Genetically healthy Kurtzhaars remain active until old age, which comes after 12 years. This is a sturdy hardy breed, real hard workers. The list of hereditary diseases is typical for most large breeds - dysplasia, eye diseases, hemophilia, epilepsy, hypothyroidism.
Nothing specific to Kurtz. But this does not mean that you can buy a puppy on the first ad. It is necessary to approach the choice of a nursery with full responsibility, to look at the results of genetic tests. Fortunately, there are few lovers in the breed - enthusiasts are more likely to be involved in cops, but not divorced for easy money.