Bombay cat - This is the result of the crossing of Burmese and American Shorthair cats.
The main goal of long and painstaking experiments was to obtain an animal, which is a miniature copy of a wild panther. And, as a result, breeders have achieved the desired.
There are two types of Burmese cats:
There are very few differences between them and only an experienced philologist can notice them.
According to generally accepted standards, a Bombay cat should have the following options:
1. The body is of medium size, elegant, moderately elongated, without coarse lines, rather heavy and muscular.
2. The tail is long, elegant and straight, rounded at the end.
3. The head is short, round in shape and its size is proportional to the size of the body.
4. Ears are medium, have a wide setting and are rounded at the ends.
5. The lower jaw and chin are powerful and firm.
6. The nose is medium, sometimes there is a small "stop".
7. Eyes are round, large, wide set.
Eye color following:
- for the American subspecies, it is exclusively amber (bronze, dark orange, golden, penny-colored coins),
- in British - green is allowed.
8. Limbs of medium length, oval-shaped feet.
9. The coat is shiny, silky, tight to the body, the undercoat is minimal.
10. Despite the average size of the body, Bombay cats, especially cats, are quite heavy. The weight of an adult cat is 5-6 kg, the cats are significantly lighter - 3-4 kg.
The maximum height from the paws to the tips of the ears is 30 cm.
The average life expectancy of a Bombay cat is 12-13 years.
Some animals live to be 15 years old.
Externally, his posture and movements Bombay cat resembles the grace of this panther.
This is a very beautiful and original creation that will appeal to lovers of everything Asian, admirers of the mysterious and spiritual. So, if the interior of your home is not enough exotic - get yourself such a pet.
The coat of a Bombay cat must be exclusively anthracite black. No other colors are allowed.
Moreover, the “blackness” of the Bombay cat should be present everywhere: the nose and pads on the paws, too, should be black.
Sometimes, kittens are born with bright spots, but they gradually disappear. The coat of an adult animal shimmers with varnish shine and is very pleasant to the touch.
Interestingly, when crossing two Bombay cats, their offspring may have a special "sable" color. The participation of such cats in exhibitions is not allowed, since such color is not defined by standards.
Bombay Cat Character
Bombay cats - pathological homebody. They almost never want to go outside, except for an hour and a half somewhere near a familiar door.
Also, do not forget that these cats are extremely thermophilic. They always try to lie down in the sun or sit near the radiator. If you decide to take the bombing outside in the winter, be sure to cover it with a rug or put on a warming suit and hold it in your arms.
Attachment to the host:
Communication with a person brings unlimited pleasure to the animal. The cat always tries to be close to the owner and sometimes its presence becomes too intrusive.
She can, without any invitation, jump a man on her knees, perch on his shoulders during work, etc. However, all this is a manifestation of her need for constant contact with someone.
Bombay enough talkative and the intonation of their voice depends on a particular situation. For example, when the owner comes home, the cat greets him with a loud, pleasant voice, and when he leaves he expresses a slight discontent with this fact.
These animals, for the most part, are balanced and calm. They are absolutely peace-loving, non-conflicting and undefattered.
Bombay cats perfectly trainable and perceive the process of training as a game.
Mind, acumen and attention are positive traits of their character. The cat quickly remembers what she is allowed to do and what is forbidden and always tries to please people.
Of course, words of praise from the owners are a welcome reward for them. The bombees do not differ in special curiosity, and their activity is at an average level. There are days when the cat is "having fun" with all its heart, and it happens that it does not care about the whole thing, and it just lies somewhere, pretending to be asleep.
Livable with children and animals:
Bombay cats are on equal terms with other animals.
They play with children very willingly, but in moderation. A whole day to rush for a toy around the apartment, as, for example, the Abyssinians, will not.
At the sight of a stranger, bombay is careful.
Features care and maintenance
1. Wool Bombay cats do not require special care for themselves.
It is enough to hold a wet palm over it once a week and all the dropped hairs will be removed. Once a year the cat will molt. During this period, you need to use a special brush for combing.
If the animal is to participate in the exhibition, three days before that, redeem it in a special oil, which will give the coat a unique shine.
The remaining treatments are standard:
- brush your ears at least once a month
- wash the hair with shampoo no more than 1 time in 2-3 months,
- brush your teeth 1 time per month (you can buy special bones that help to remove tartar).
2. Since the bombers are almost always in the room, provide them with “simulators” for physical exertion. You can buy a special slide for climbing and “dilute” it all with rubber balls and other toys.
3. Oddly enough, but the bombing does not require particularly diverse food. Fresh meat should appear in their diet only occasionally. Ideal - dry or wet store food of high quality.
Bombay Cats Health
A typical Bombay pathology is a congenital defect of the skull, due to which many kittens have to be killed.
Also, there are frequent cases of development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, breathing problems due to the "foot" on the nose and tearing.
Often Bombay cats can gain weight, how to deal with it, read the article Diet for fat cats.
For the rest, these cats are quite hardy and resistant to diseases.
The history of the breed
These animals have nothing to do with the Indian city of Bombay. Bombey's “mom” cat, an philologist, by profession, an American Nikki Horner, chose the Bombay definition because India (and the neighborhoods of cities like Bombay, including) is the birthplace of the panthers these cats are so similar to.
The breed received worldwide recognition in 1976. Work on the breeding of this breed lasted for 23 years before.
Prices for Bombay Kittens
The cost of Bombay kittens is in the range of 10 to 60 thousand rubles.
By the way, kittens grow very slowly and get a presentation. The eyes of the kittens for a long time can be gray or blue, and only after a while they become golden or amber, and the fur becomes even black without spots.
Therefore, most often breeders and kennels offer kittens when they have matured and become salable.
On the bulletin boards you can find a large number of proposals with kittens and cats of Bombay breed for 100 rubles. and even free. But there are no guarantees that the cat is really thoroughbred, raised and not sick. If you really want to get yourself a Bombay cat, it is better to contact specialized nurseries and breeders.
The origin of the history of the breed Bombay cat refers to the middle of the last centuryto 50 yearswhen black cats were crossed in Kentucky, USA Burmese breed with representatives of the breed american shorthair.
Breeders wanted to get a new breed not just black cats, but rather anthracite, which would resemble their grace and elegance black panthers.
By perennial crosses (4 generations - almost 20 years!), selection of suitable individuals and rejection of inappropriate parameters required, finally managed to carry out his plan.
As a result, beautiful, graceful creations of pure black with proportions of the body, truly resembling proud little predators, were obtained.
Chronology of the Bombay Cat breed:
1958. - the first cross,
1976. - recognition of the breed by the American branch of the international organization for the breeding and breeding of new cat breeds CFA (Cat Fanciers ’Association),
1979. - recognition of the breed in the International Association of cats Tica (The International Cat Association).
Currently known 2 breed modifications:
- British Bombay (descendant of domestic cats with Burmese characteristics)
- and the american Bombay (descendant of American Shorthair and Burman).
Have cats British Bombay breeds, according to accepted standards, are allowed eyes and green and golden colors, while the representatives American Bombay green eye color is a breed defect: true Americans can only have amber eye color.
Difficult nature noted wool inheritance black color.
The gene responsible for the black pigment is dominant, however many bombies still carry the recessive gene of the so-called sable coloration.
Breed Representatives may have a whole set of different hereditary defectsaffecting the cardiovascular system, the spinal canal, the deformation of the skull.
In cats of the Bombay breed, it is described “Burmese cranio-facial defect"Having a hereditary character.
It is expressed in developmental disorders. fetal skull in the womb: kittens are born with a highly deformed skull and must be killed immediately after birth.
Observed breathing problems, in all likelihood, because of the characteristic foot of the breed.
Bombay breed standards:
- head medium in size, round, the presence of a noticeable foot,
- torso elongated, well muscled, of medium size, proportional,
- ears widely set, medium in size, somewhat directed forward, having a rounded shape,
- eyes round, large, widely spaced, amber-copper color, bright,
- limbs slender, medium length, muscular with round shape paws,
- tail medium in length, straight,
- wool short, very close to the body, shiny, giving the impression of varnished,
- color - absolutely pure black color. The presence of even separate inclusions of a different color is unacceptable. Even the paw pads and the tip of the nose are completely black.
Dimensions: height at withers is 25-30 cm, weight - from 3 to 6 kg, cats are larger than cats.
Lifespan healthy Bombay cat - 15-20 years.
Sex matured at breed comes very quickly. Both cats and cats are sterilized at age 6-9 months.
Physical development ends to 2 years
Photos of home Bagheera
The Bombays clearly traced the character traits of the rocks from which they were derived:
- balance and restraint cats the american shorthair breed
- sociability and contact, peculiar to cats Burmese breed.
Bombay cats extremely loyal, require constant attention to themselves, hardly endure loneliness.
Cats are playful, energetic, active, communicate well with childrenThey feel pleasure when they are stroked and held in their hands.
Caring for Bombay cats is not difficult, but some guidelines should be followed.
Bombays often observed excessive tearing.
You should remove the discharge from the eyes with cotton swabs, and then rinse your eyes with loose, cold tea or special eye solutions that your veterinarian will recommend.
Must be systematically check the cats ear condition and if necessary, gently wipe them with a cotton swab from the outside.
It is advisable to have a scraper at home, however this does not exclude the need to be very careful. trim the cat's claws 1-2 mm when they begin to interfere with it.
Grooming It consists in regular brushing with a special brush, best of all rubber. It is especially important to do this procedure when the cat sheds.
If your bomb is not too nervous, no more than once a month you can bathe, for the proper washing of the cat is recommended to use shampoo for pedigree cats.
Feed cats better 2 times a day: in the morning and in the evening, preferably at the same time.
If a natural diet is used, the proportion of protein and fiber should be in a ratio of 80% to 20%.
Ideal for cats suitable high-quality dry food.
Do not forget about the always fresh water: unlike the same cats of the Scottish Straight breed, the Bombay cat often prefers its milk.
Recommended make cat sleeper, but better to buy a bed. This cat territory should be in a quiet place.
Cats should not have problems with accessibility to the toilet tray. Bombay cats, as a rule, do not have any difficulties regarding the type of filler for the tray.
Bombays often have health problems.
From one of their parent breeds - American Shorthair cats - they inherited the so-called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, heart disease.
They have deformities of the skullare common of every kind breathing problems, gum disease, tearing eyes.
Bombies have an excellent appetite and love to eat, so obesity.
It is necessary to monitor their health with great attention, to provide them with high-quality balanced food, not to overfeed.
Bombies love heat very muchtherefore, they should be protected from drafts, protected from colds.
We have Bombey handsome Buhl for the second year living. So called because of the blunt little muzzle, like a bulldog. Not only is the incredibly beautiful, stately, charming, very successful character. Absolutely family cat: can not live without communication, like a dog messing with children, with a dignified look involved in feasts. About a year was hyperactive: not one tore the curtains. Now looks like a teenager trying to look like an adult: trying to ignore toys and impressively dwell on the sofa, but, of course, he rarely does it. Despite the active male character, she loves to caress and purr at any opportunity.
Look at the funny Bombay kittens blacker than night:
If you love a mystic, do not recognize the people will, or just adore cute face and an agreeable temper, a Bombay cat is your option.
The origin of the breed
If a Bombay cat breed appeared in Bombay, then all 33 fighting elephants would dance a ceremonial dance in her honor. But Bombay cat has almost no relation to India. Her homeland is the USA!
In the 50s of the last century, the American breeder Nicky Horner dreamed of breeding a puma-like cat breed that lives in the vicinity of Bombay. For this, it took about 20 years of breeding experiments and the genes of black cats of the American Shorthair breed and Burmese cats.
The way the result of these experiments looks like did not satisfy the felinological organizations and the Bombeians for a long time were not recognized by society.
Nicky Horner was tired of fighting the opposition and stopped practicing the breed. But the Bombay banner from the hands of a weaker Horner was picked up by the breeders Herb and Suzanne Zweker. It was in them in one of the litters that the cat, Louv It Black, appeared, which became cat-sensation and was recognized in 1985 as the second best cat, CFA.
Liu It Black broke public opinion and gradually the Bombay cats began to occupy an increasingly solid place on the cat Olympus.
However, this breed cannot be called numerous - only 15 years ago, CFA had only 97 Bombay cats registered!
Bombay Cat Breed Description
Mini panther with appropriate predatory plasticity of movements and a look in which universal wisdom shines through - this is what Bombei cats look like. Only their inherent features of appearance are captivating with mystery and unusualness. There are differences in the structure of the wool, and in the structure of the head ... However, the breed standard describes everything in detail.
- The head of the Bombay cat is round in shape and medium in size. The "face" is rather broad. In profile, without exception, all Bombay men have a pronounced moderate stop. He should not give the animal an arrogant expression of the muzzle. And the transition of a moderate foot to a fracture is also a disadvantage. The tip of the nose slightly rounded down:
- ear sizes are average, they are set wide, high and wary. At the ends, the ears are rounded, they themselves are slightly tilted forward,
- eyes are very big and very expressive! Located on the face rather widely. The preferred color for the eyes is “penny color” - amber-honey, but this shade is very difficult to achieve, therefore the breed standard allows for a golden color.
- The body of a Bombay cat is medium-sized, slightly elongated. These kittens are bodybuilders! The muscles of the Bombay breed are impressive.
- limbs of medium length, sufficiently slender. Paws are rounded. There are five fingers on the front paws, four on the hind legs. Wrong number of fingers - not allowed.
- tail proportional to the body, dense, strong, straight.Curved tail or tail is not proportional to the body - disqualification characteristics.
With its muscularity, cats of this breed do not grow up as giants. 25-30 cm at the withers - the average size of a bombey.
The weight of an adult animal is from 3 to 6 kg.
All Bombeians have short hair, tight to the body, shining with a "lacquered" sheen.
Coloring wool exclusively black! Kittens at birth may have spots on the fur. Bombay kitten does not immediately meet all standards.
In general, blackness is literally the Bombay principle! The mini-puma should have black pads on her fingers, and a nose-tip - yes, this cat is a fashionista in a little black dress by Chanel!
Bombay kittens have black whiskers, paws and tail, but the soul is golden!
A description of the merits of a character can begin with how wonderful the Bombay sing their Bombay cat songs! Their voice is unusually pleasant, especially the talkative Bombay cats cannot be named, but if she gets into conversation, the owner will have to listen to the real Panchatantra (a collection of Indian fables and parables). Bombay cat climbs on your lap and, looking into his eyes, will tell something cherished. Although it may be just a reason to get on your knees?
After all, Bombay cats adore the knees of their master! This cat is not one of those who breaks out when they stroke and squeeze, on the contrary, the bombeyka really likes it and once again substitutes its black side for a portion of tenderness.
Black beauty does not like to be alone, so it is unlikely to miss the opportunity to show off in a big company.
At the same time, guests and small children do not allow liberties, but they will not dissolve their claws and claws either - they simply move away to a safe distance.
The owners' reviews of the Bombay cat are often enthusiastic - after all, the bombboy gets along well with dogs and parrots (sorry, the latter do not know about it).
The street is not particularly attracted to Bombay kittens, they love only home comfort and do not aspire to wild freedom.
At home, they are active and playful, they are not accustomed to the teams, but they are balanced and calm. In general, great companions and character is great!
The Bombay cat is not native, and, like any artificially bred breed, representatives of the breed have a number of genetic diseases.
From the American Shorthair great-great-grandfather ... they transmitted such a heart disease as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
How to determine the presence of this disease? In the early stages of the disease, cats show no signs. But if your pet suddenly fainted, if it became abnormally more sleep, if there is shortness of breath or rapid breathing - contact your veterinarian!
In addition to heart problems in Bombay cats, there are deformities of the skull, gum disease and eye problems.
Also, experienced owners recommend to protect bombeyans from drafts, because they easily pick up colds.
But all of the above is not a reason for panic, but a reason for the reasonable care of the pet. Just visit the vet regularly.
The life expectancy of a Bombay cat is 15-20 years.
Care and maintenance
Put a rubber bomber on the vanity table of a beautiful bombey. Experts believe that it is with a rubber brush that it is easier and better to maintain the beauty of a Bombay cat's hair.
The first molt in representatives of this breed begins at the age of one. During this period, you need not be lazy and comb out all the brown fluff. After some time, the cat will overgrow with beautiful black shimmering hair. Bathing, by the way, is recommended frequent and with special means for the care of such obsidane beauty.
Cats of this breed are distinguished by a strong tearing. Veterinary pharmacies sell cat eye care products. In case there are no such drops at hand, you can use the grandmother's recipe and wipe your eyes with slightly brewed tea.
Private walks will unnerve a Bombay cat, and there is no need for them. The temperament of the Bombays does not require an exit, they feel comfortable at home.
And although they are prone to obesity, but it is better to fight this not with physical exertion, but with a balanced diet.
IMPORTANT! Kittens of this breed are extremely voracious. Good appetite, you can probably call them a business card. Bombay people like to eat, so the owners need to especially ensure that they do not overeat.
Ready-made dry foods or canned foods are already balanced in nutrients, but if you prefer regular foods, do not forget to feed the Bombay cat with cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal, wheat), treat eggs from time to time with yolk (this is the source of important vitamin E for cats) and so on. Further.
The main thing is that “so on” constituted 20% of the menu, and 80% were meat products.
There is an opinion that the popularity of the Bombay cat in Ukraine and in Russia came along with the fashion for minimalism in the design of apartments. Like, the shiny panther looks very impressive against the white interior and in life, and in the photo!
Experienced breeders know that Bombay cats do not develop soon and therefore do not offer kittens under 16 weeks old for sale. But even at this age it is difficult to understand what will grow out of a tiny lump. His wool is still brown, possibly with specks, the color of the eyes is weak and only on a daisy can one guess whether it turns into gold or amber. Therefore, it is better to take a Bombay to the family already a bit grown up.
Overall impression and basic qualities
Bombay cat body muscular, medium size. The tail ends with a rounded tip. The head is round, wide and short. Ears are medium, slightly bent forward, set wide. The eyes are round, large, from golden to copper color. The coat is short, soft, tight to the body. Brilliant black throughout the length of the hair, even the paw pads should be black.
Muzzle and body
The head of a Bombay cat should be nicely rounded, with a wide muzzle. The transition from forehead to nose is clearly expressed, especially in profile. The tip of the nose should be slightly rounded down, which preserves the overall roundness of the head. Ears of medium size, set wide apart, slightly inclined forward. The tips of the ears are rounded, the base is wide. The eyes are also rounded, widely spaced. The color of the cornea is yellow to amber. Jaws strong, with the right bite. The body of Bombay cats is compact, medium-sized, the tail is of medium length, strong with a rounded tip.
Wool and color features
The coat is thick, short and thin, it feels like satin to the touch. It fits snugly to the body and during the movement of the cat it overflows with a varnished gloss. Color exclusively black. Hair should be colored throughout its length. The skin on the paw pads and on the nose is also black. What does the Bombay cat breed look like?
The main advantage of the Bombays is that the thick shiny coat and black color are caused by dominant genes, but at the same time cats are carriers of another, recessive gene, which is manifested in sable color typical of Burmese cats. Sometimes when crossing two black bombes, “sable” babies can be born.
Genetically, Bombies are a very complex breed. When crossing with Burmese, only one black kitten meets breed standards in the litter, as a rule. Today, Bombay cats are allowed to cross with American Shorthair black and sable Burmese.
If you describe the nature of Bombay cats in general, then these are incredibly gentle and gentle animals, with a balanced psyche. Small panthers are playful in moderation, in addition to imitating hunting, they love tasks that require ingenuity and ingenuity. By the way, most of the representatives of the breed are very intelligent, well-trained.
Loneliness Bombay cats are experiencing hard. They will definitely find something to do to pass the time, but if someone is at home, the pet will follow the owner as tied and demand attention to his person. Bombay cats are very talkative and all their requirements are trying to make a different tone sounds. With other animals, it is usually easy to find a common language, although cohabitation with birds and small rodents is unpredictable.
Children are tolerated, do not show aggression, and in case of undue attention simply leave. Bombay cat is valued for its docile nature.
All reviews of the Bombay cat breed are very positive. The happy owners of these black panthers have no flaws. Most often emphasize the gentle disposition and strong affection purring to family members, as well as the fact that the bombes are very smart and clean.
Another tip about a Bombay cat, in which admiration is read between the lines:
Unfortunately, on the Internet, there are absolutely absurd reviews, like, for example, this one:
The author writes: "It was believed before that this is a royal breed ..." Only it is not clear what kind of kings !? If a young American woman began working on the breed at the end of the 50s and only by the 2000th breed did the world felinological associations begin to recognize. And one more nonsense: "... because there are a lot of such cats ..." - today the breed is small in the whole world and in Russia, in particular.
If you are going to buy a purebred Bombay kitten not just for yourself, but also for pride, exhibitions and getting good offspring, then you should not take it except in the nursery. Only an official breeder can guarantee the purity of the breed, for which you pay little money, and is responsible for the health of the kitten.
Often, “purebred” babies are sold by private owners who do not have official permission to breed and are not registered anywhere, but it is likely that “Bombay” kittens will be the fruit of love mating occasionally with a neighbor.
The average cost of Bombeians in nurseries is $ 200, and “from hands” to $ 100.
How much does a Bombay cat kitten cost?
On Avito and other bulletin boards the choice of offers for the sale of Bombay people is very scarce. Apparently this is due to the fact that the breeding of rare and expensive breed is mainly engaged in nurseries, which have their own sites and kittens are sold by appointment. Among the ads you can find many tempting headlines: "Bombay cat cheap", Excellent bomber cat in good hands, but then usually follows a more honest explanation of the type of half-breed, very similar, and the like.
The most expensive "lot" (70 000 rubles) was a black kid, apparently in the photo he and his mother.
The price of kittens in nurseries in Moscow and the region may be slightly higher.
According to the standard, British-type Bombays can have eyes of both green and golden colors. American Bombies can have only amber eye color (bronze, yellow), and green in this type is considered a defect. The rest of these cats are similar: the body is elongated, muscular, small, proportional. The head of the small bombei, round, with a noticeable stop (bend of the nose). The ears are set wide, of medium size, slightly rounded and directed forward. The eyes are large, round, bright colors. Extremities cats muscular, medium length, but slender. The paws themselves are round. The tail is straight, not very long.
Wool from domestic panthers is short, shiny, tight to the body, with the effect of "varnish coating." The color of these cats - only black. The tip of the nose and the paw pads should also be completely black. Even a small impregnation of another color is a serious deviation from the standard.
Bombay cat kittens are born with specks, eye color may be blue, but after a while these external features change, gradually fitting into the standard. Bomb cats are larger than cats (females weigh 3-4 kg, males 5-6 kg). The height of an adult cat at the withers is 25-30 cm.
Character of black cats
Bombay cats inherited the best traits of their ancestors. They are just as balanced and sedate as American shorthair cats, but as sociable as Burmese. They are very faithful, they love their man, they suffer a separation, they can become sad alone, therefore they constantly demand attention to themselves. It is better to start such cats for people who can spend enough time at home.
The home panther is in control of himself and does not respond to provocations, prefers to spend more time at home rather than on the street. However, she is quite energetic, active and playful. Children can easily find a common language with a black cat, and the pet will respond with affection and purring, sitting on the lap of the little owner. In addition, she makes friends with another cat, if both have to share the love of one person. Bombeys are conflict-free, so get along well with dogs.
Cats of Bombay breed possess outstanding intelligence, thanks to this they can adapt to almost any proposed conditions. And they are amenable to training and know how to understand the owner.
Bombay cat breeds can be brought to families with small children.
Bombay Kitten Purchase
There are not so many representatives of the Bombay breed. By the way, in a small town to find such a nursery will not be easy. Even if some breeder has a purebred bomb, for sure kittens are in great demand. Where demand is, there is a high price. The cost of one kitten depends on its qualities, career prospects, gender, and can vary from 20 to 120 thousand rubles.
Bombay breeders care about their “graduates”: they look after their further fate, and in cases where the kitten was not provided with appropriate conditions, they can take him back. In some foreign cattery pedigree kittens chip. The purpose of such a label is to be able to detect a pet if it is lost, although some believe that it is necessary to track the individual.
To choose a good kitten, you will need to take a few steps:
- Find a nursery (if lucky, in your city).
- Examine the breeder's website (terms of sale of kittens, rules, documentation, reviews of former customers, etc.).
- Call the nurseries you like and arrange a visit.
- Go to the breeder and look at the kittens available.
By choosing a kitten must be approached with the utmost seriousness
How to choose a Bombey kitten
If you liked a kitten during a personal visit to the kennel, try to pick him up. He should not bite, scratch or hiss - aggressively tuned kitten may not be adapted to communicate with people. In some cases, such behavior may mean that the former owners treated him badly, so he is now afraid of people. In addition, you need to examine the kitten closer. His nose and eyes should be clean, not "soured", etc. If there is dirt in the ears, it is possible that they are poorly cared for. The baby should not cough or sneeze. Listen to your breathing - there should be no wheezing.
Inspect the territory. Cages (beds), bowls of a kitten and other animals should be clean. Pets should look healthy, well-groomed and contented. Make sure the kitten has a tray (which means that he is still accustomed to the pot). Ask the breeder to show the mother cat. She should look healthy, with clear eyes and a shiny coat.
When the kitten is selected, it is adjusted favorably to you, and the price is agreed in advance, you can ask for documents. The breeder must provide a kitten's veterinary passport with marks of all preventive vaccinations and operations carried out, if they were, and in cases where the baby's parents are purebred, the pedigree.
When I took the kitten in the nursery, the staff themselves offered all the necessary documents. In addition, we were given all the things of the cat, as well as souvenirs with his photo. By the way, I heard that the kitten's things need to be taken with him to the new house.
If you take home an unhealthy cat, it can grow sick or with behavioral disorders.
The hair of the chosen kitten should be smooth and shiny, like faux fur. Under it should not be abrasions or wounds. But the small scratches on the neck of a kitten - this is normal, because the mother cat could have injured him by dragging from one place to another, holding her teeth by the scruff. The presence of insects (fleas, lice, etc.) is unacceptable.
The age of the kitten when it is better to take
By three months, the baby is ready to move from his nurse, since the cat's milk already receives almost no antibodies needed to strengthen the immunity - they will begin to vaccinate him through vaccinations. Before three months, taking kittens from the mother is not recommended, because an abrupt change in feeding can lead to bowel dysfunction. If the baby has already been vaccinated against distemper, calcivirosis or rhinotracheitis, this does not mean that he will never get sick with these ailments. It will still be necessary to re-inoculate.
Some veterinarians believe that if a kitten is taken away from the mother “forcibly”, then he will suffer severe psychological trauma, and subsequently this will have a negative impact on social behavior. A cat can push her cub away. Обычно это происходит, когда котёнок может обходиться и без неё.
Кроме того, кошка учит котёнка общаться с человеком и другими животными, посещать лоток, есть из миски и т. д. — без этих навыков приспособиться к взрослой жизни ему будет сложно. Котята наблюдают за поведением матери и пытаются ей подражать: если малыш видит, что кошка не боится человека, то и сам будет вести себя аналогично. По этим причинам котят рекомендуется брать не раньше хотя бы трёх месяцев. Of course, I want to take the kitten very small and watch how it develops and prettier, but you can wait a month or two.
Kittens can not be too early to tear away from the mother - this can adversely affect his health and subsequent development.
Peculiarities of the Bombay cats
Bombies are real homebody, they are much more comfortable at home than on the street, so walking these cats is not necessary, but if it so happened that you had to go outside with it, you need to do it with a harness or leash. The animal may become frightened, panicked and run away. A cat won't be able to hide under a nearby bush, he will definitely climb somewhere (for example, on a tree), and it will take an effort to remove it.
However, the cat will still need physical exertion, so you should make sure that the house has everything necessary for the proper development of the pet. The following items will be required:
- house or couch,
- 2 food bowls and 1 water bowl
- tray (at first small, then it can be replaced with a larger size),
- filler (for kittens or universal for small animals),
- kogtetochka and / or kogterez,
- natural bristle brush
- special shampoos and conditioners for cats.
Some save on the purchase of gaming complexes, because it is believed that they take up too much space. I made my cat a small wall complex. He doesn’t take much space and costs a penny: I freed the bookshelves, connected them to each other with a scarf, only once showed the cat how to use this design, and now this is her favorite place.
Bombays have a great appetite, they can eat all day long. Even if the pet is full, he will go on various tricks, if only he was fed again. Males of Bombay breed are prone to corpulence, so the owner of a black cat will have to adjust the volume of the cat diet. Food from the master table cannot be given to them. With natural feeding you need to remember about the same balance of trace elements and nutrients. Usually the menu consists of pure products:
- lean meat,
- vegetables fruits,
- cereals (buckwheat, rice, oats, etc.),
- fermented milk products (unsweetened yogurt, kefir, etc.),
- specially grown grass for cats or germinated oats.
That the cat grew active and strong, it needs to be fed correctly
Kittens are fed 3-4 times a day, and adult cats - 2 times a day. It is advisable to feed the pet every day at the same time. The cat's body can get used to a clear schedule. Combining natural food and ready-made feed is not recommended - dry food is already balanced in accordance with the needs of animals. Between feedings, occasionally you can give fresh lean meat (frozen or boiled). If the main food consists of dry food, then this should be the best food you can buy.
Cats are strictly prohibited all spicy, smoked, salty and sweet. But I occasionally give my cat a quarter of candy. She usually calls for chocolate, but I'm afraid of allergies, so I give a simple sweet or creamy toffee. Our veterinarian scolds for this, he says that the sweet is detrimental to the teeth of the animal, but when she asks so plaintively, I cannot refuse her.
Bombies can have watery eyes (this is due to physiological features), so you need to remove the excretions daily with a cotton swab or a piece of cotton dipped in at tea or distilled water. In the same way, the pet's ears should be cleaned (once a week), but instead of tea, they usually use petroleum jelly or special oil. The teeth of an animal are cleaned only with a special toothpaste using a small toothbrush (1-2 times a month).
Domestic cats themselves monitor the hygiene of their claws. To do this, they have a scraper. But this does not mean that you do not need to cut the claws at all. The tip of the claw will be sharp even after a scratching post, and this promises scratches on the host, furniture and walls. It is necessary to trim these tips (1-2 millimeters). To do this, you must have a clip. If you yourself are afraid to carry out this procedure, or the cat is protesting, then you can turn to professionals (grooming masters).
How to comb and bathe the bombing
For the appearance of any pedigree cats need careful care
Bombay cats have short and smooth hair, so they do not need complicated procedures using a large number of hairbrushes. For combing such a pet will be enough rubber massage mittens. During the molting period, you can brush the cat with a soft bristled brush - it will be nice for her. You can bathe the cat once a month, for this you need a special shampoo for animals. Human shampoo cat can not be washed.
When my cat first appeared in the house, she was terribly afraid of water. I taught her to water gradually. By the way, when you put a small towel on the bottom of the basin (a rubber mat, a rag), cats are not so afraid, because their paws feel the bottom. At first I poured some water (3-5 centimeters), in it she just wetted her hind legs, frantically clutching the front of my neck. Gradually, I increased the volume of water. Now the cat sits quietly even in the bath. My cat has 2 requirements: the water level should be a maximum of 15–20 centimeters from the bottom, and its temperature should be comfortable. We do not have such a thermometer, so I check it as follows: I put my hand into the water (about one elbow), “listen” to sensations in the wrist area. If the water is hotter than usual I pour for myself, then the cat will not freeze. But the water should not be very hot.
Cat's coat is covered with natural fat, so they are not bathed too often - usually veterinarians are advised to perform water procedures only if the cat is soiled with something difficult to wash (oil, gasoline, etc.). But on black cats such dirt is difficult to “calculate”, so the degree of pollution can be determined by smell or tactile sensations (dirty wool can stick together).
Bombay Cat Vices
Any pedigreed cat may have vices.
Since the Bombay breed is quite young, felinologists have not yet learned how to avoid hereditary defects. The physiological defects of the bombay may affect the cardiovascular system, the spinal canal, the structure of the skull. So, Bombey can have a "Burmese craniofacial defect." Such a violation occurs in kittens still in the womb. Kids are born with severe deformation of the skull, so they are killed immediately after birth - deformation of the skull will still lead to death. In addition, Bombay can have breathing problems - according to felinologists, this is due to the special structure of the foot.
Another common problem in Bombays is tearing, which most often occurs due to conjunctivitis. In such cases, the owner can heal his pet (using tea solution), but sometimes you can contact the veterinarian. Veterinarians prescribe medication, depending on the degree of neglect: tetracycline ointment (you need to apply for eyelid) or eye drops (usually those that are prescribed and people). Conjunctivitis is treated for a long time (sometimes up to two weeks). In any case, self-medication is contraindicated here, because lacrimation can also talk about the beginning of a more serious illness.
And these panthers can have gum disease. Finding such a sore at an early stage is difficult, as the teeth of an animal can always appear white and healthy. The inflammatory process itself usually leads to tooth loss. Recognize the sore by loss of appetite. For treatment, oral antiseptics are usually prescribed.
Donut (my sister's cat) once got sick gums. The teeth themselves seemed white, but the cat stopped eating, lay for two days with a plaintive look and hardly got up. The sister decided that he ate something wrong, so he has a stomach ache and no appetite. On the third day, Donut was taken to the vet. The veterinarian immediately determined that it was an inflammatory process, and appointed some kind of spray (and something else). Since the diet affects the quality of the teeth, he wrote a feeding recommendation.
Any hereditary disease of Bombay can lead to serious consequences.
Another disease characteristic of many breeds is a genetic predisposition for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This disease usually leads to a thickening of the walls of the ventricles of the heart. Because of this, myocardial work is disrupted and heart failure occurs. Cardiomyopathy can be cured only with medication, and the most effective treatment will be in the early stages. It is necessary to make annual visits to the veterinarian for preventive purposes. For treatment, beta-blockers, diuretics, and drugs that prevent thromboembolism are usually prescribed.
If the owner of a Bombay cat cares for his pet, then the animal will please his person for a couple of decades. The normal life span of representatives of the breed is 18–20 years.
Bombay cats have a number of external deviations from the standards. Sometimes such defects lead to disqualification or not allowing the animal to participate in the championship (exhibition, review):
- marks or stains,
- nose and paw pads are not black,
- green eyes or an overly pronounced stop leading to difficulty breathing or wheezing
- incorrect number of fingers
- tail defects,
- heavy body or weak muscles.
Breeding Bombay breed
The first estrus of Bombay cats occurs in 6–8 months and lasts about a week. If the cat did not become pregnant during this period, then in a couple of weeks the estrus will repeat. However, professional breeders are not in a hurry to get offspring, so the darlings spend their first mating when the cat has reached the year. Bombers are a bit lazy in terms of reproduction, so you need to be able to choose the right time, usually it is the second - the fourth day of estrus.
If the owner has decided that the cat should give birth and will not be sterilized, it remains only to pick the right cat. Now there are a lot of different nurseries, it will not be difficult to find them, since the majority of professional breeders have their own websites and blogs. But it is not enough just to find a cat of the same breed, it must fit your cat.
Breeding Bombay cats is an art
How to choose a partner
The owner of the black panther must first decide whether he wants to continue the race of the purebred pet or simply fulfill the vital needs of the animal. Indeed, in the second case, it is not a question of finding the “perfect groom”. The difficulty may be precisely in preserving the genetic data of the breed. In such cases, you need to look for professionals. An experienced breeder, as a rule, has a client base, so it’s not so difficult to know the opinion of other cat farmers about the chosen nursery. The more former customers the breeder has, the greater his experience.
If it turned out that the selected breeder has a suitable cat, you need to visit the premises of the nursery. This may be a breeder's apartment (this is good, as domestic cats are healthier) or a working room where other animals are kept. It is necessary to examine the territory, conditions of detention and the appearance of pets. If the cages are clean and the animals look neat, it means that they are well cared for and they are healthy. Particular attention should be paid to the appearance of the cat: the wool should be shiny, eyes - clean, teeth - white.
You can ask the breeder pedigree cat. If it is, the parents of the animal are also purebred. The more ancestors of the animal are known, the better, because in the Bombay breed there is a chance of giving birth to kittens with defects that are incompatible with life. Therefore, you need to be sure that there are no such litters in the seal family yet. You can look at the parents of the male. By their appearance it will become clear who their grandchildren may look like.
The success of mating in half depends on the correct choice of partner for the cat
At what age to give Bombay to the first mating
Less experienced owners of Bombay cats give up their pets for mating with six months (with the first heat). Pregnancy does not occur and a number of questions arise: why it happened, whether the cat is guilty, how to fix it. It is important to remember that the Bombes are almost indifferent to the opposite sex, so even if you give your panther at the age of one year to mating, even if the cat is experienced.
The ideal age for the first mating is from a year to a year and a half. At this age, the cat's body is already fully formed and ready to bear healthy offspring.
Veterinarians recommend giving the cat a rest between childbirth: although the whiskered animals can breed several times a year, breeders with the experience knit their bombees for this period only once. During the breaks, the mother's body must recover and gain strength - often the giving birth cat will weaken, become thin, and its immunity will fail.
Castration and sterilization of bombees
Castration is an operation to remove the genital glands. Sterilization involves only the ligation of the fallopian tubes - the production of hormones will continue, and sexual desire will continue. Therefore, if the owners' plans do not include reproduction, it will not be more humane to sterilize, but to petrate the animal - in this case, the pet will be insured against the possible development of illnesses of the reproductive system, it will become more calm and balanced, and its quality of life will increase.
If the cat should not give birth, then it must be neutered.
If the cat is not knitted, but it is in heat, it can get sick. Abstinence in cats usually causes gynecological diseases (up to uterine cancer). If you plan to remove only the ovaries, it is best to castrate the animal before the first heat and the appearance of signs of sexual desire - in the future this will almost completely eliminate the risk of developing cancer of the uterus.
Similar operations are carried out in animal clinics, where there is a veterinary surgeon. The pet is brought in advance (the day before), it is not fed (it is not necessary before the operation), but they observe and take the necessary tests. The surgery itself takes place under general or local anesthesia. Cats usually have enough local anesthesia, and the surgery they do to a cat is abdominal, requiring general anesthesia.
We did not wait for the hormones to start raging on the guy. At seven months, he was taken to castration. He had the surgery well. It was too heavy from anesthesia: there was weakness, drowsiness. But within a day, he was again running around the house, like a hurricane.
perfectionist, forum user
I sterilize all my cats, as I always have not purebred. I wait until the cat turns one year old and start looking for a clinic. I sterilized my last cat in a year and a half. The operation itself took about ten minutes, but the most difficult was leaving after the procedure. The cat departed from anesthesia for almost a day.