Chicken droppings can be called one of the most affordable fertilizers for summer residents. After all, urban residents do not keep cows in country houses. As for chickens, they are bred by many at dachas. Meanwhile, their manure nutritionally exceeds even cow.
To use chicken manure as a fertilizer is also worth it because it contains a sufficient amount of phosphorus and nitrogen. These substances, when this type of manure is introduced into the ground, are completely absorbed by plants. After all, chicken manure is an organic fertilizer, which means that, in contrast to mineral manure, it is “living”. Phosphorus, which is part of it, does not form any compounds with the components of the soil.
It is good to use chicken manure as a fertilizer also because it contains such beneficial substances as boron, zinc, copper, cobalt, etc. Its composition and bioactive components auxins, contributing to the acceleration of plant growth. Apply such manure both dry and diluted. Both methods are quite effective.
So let's take a closer look at how to use chicken droppings. Many gardeners advise them to feed the plants three times per season. In the spring, at the beginning of the growing season, that is, in May-June, in the summer during the flowering of vegetable and fruit crops and during active fruiting, in order to maintain its intensity.
Apply chicken manure as a fertilizer should be properly. Most often from it make mash. To do this, they fill the barrel for a third, and then add water. The resulting mixture should stand for about 2-4 days. At the same time it needs to be constantly stirred. To speed up the decomposition, you can add a special drug "Tamir" or "Baikal M". (1 tbsp. On a bucket of water). After the fertilizer is ready, it is diluted with 1 x 3 or 1 x 4 with water and applied to the beds at the rate of one and a half liters per square meter.
Many gardeners have repeatedly noted that after a week or two after applying the litter, the plants begin to thrive and bear fruit. That is, it gives them just a tremendous impetus to growth. So chicken manure as a fertilizer is certainly useful, and it is certainly worth using it as an opportunity if it is possible. Literally all the plants fed by him become powerful, strong, beautiful and healthy looking. The harvest with such care for them will be abundant, and the fruits themselves are tasty and healthy.
Some gardeners use chicken droppings and in dry form. This method is more versatile and simple to implement. Consider how to fertilize chicken droppings in a vegetable garden without soaking it. This method is applied at the end or beginning of the season. Litter can be used both whole and fragmented. All you need to do - make it into the soil for digging. At the same time, the amount of manure is calculated in such a way that approximately 500 g per one square meter of it.
Chicken dung as a fertilizer is distinguished by its nutritional value, the presence of a huge amount of nutrients and trace elements, is easily absorbed by plants, is available and easy to use. Although this type of manure is inferior to horse and cow by some indicators, it is extremely useful for plants.
Benefits of chicken manure over other types of fertilizer
As a result of the introduction of bird waste into the soil, the following occurs:
- 7-10 days accelerated growth and maturation of crops,
- their yield almost doubles,
- The iron and copper contained in the manure increase plant resistance to fungal and bacterial diseases,
- drought resistance increases.
Ways to use chicken manure
Fertilizer waste of birds is carried out in the following way:
- Bring dry litter into the soil.
- Use it in the manufacture of humus or compost.
- Conduct liquid dressing infusion from the litter.
Fresh chicken manure is not recommended to make due to the high content of uric acid, which causes burns in all crops grown in the garden.
Soil fertilizer dry droppings
Dry litter is applied to the beds in the fall, evenly scattering on the site. Per 1 sq.m. use 1 kg of dried fertilizer. Experienced gardeners using this method of fertilizer, recommend to dig up the garden not immediately after making, but just before the spring planting.
The use of litter in the manufacture of compost
When laying the compost chicken manure can be used as an additional component or to prepare the compost directly from the litter with the addition of rotted sawdust or straw. To do this, lay out the ingredients in layers about 20 cm, forming a compost pile 1.5 m high. Cover the pile with a film on top. After two months, the compost from the litter and sawdust will be ready for use.
Liquid chicken manure fertilizer
For carrying out liquid dressings prepare:
- Rapid solution, applied immediately after preparation (one part of the dry manure is diluted with 20 parts of water). Do fertilizing after watering or rain, avoiding contact with the leaves. One adult bush will need 1 l of solution, for young shoots the rate is reduced by half.
- Concentrated infusion that is pre-diluted (litter and water are mixed in a 1: 1 ratio and infused in heat for at least a week). This concentrate is safely stored throughout the season. Before using a liter of infusion diluted in a bucket of water and watered between the rows, without affecting the beds with plants.
How to use chicken droppings
For competent owners of such a problem - where to put chicken droppings - simply does not arise. Of course, put it on fertilizer. But to use it in this capacity, it is necessary to conduct a set of preparatory activities - after all, it is strongly not recommended to make a litter in a fresh form!
The ammonia contained in it simply burns the plants. Especially not recommended to feed them seedlings with its immature sprouts and tender leaves.
You can prepare it in the following ways:
How to breed? Dilute collected manure for feeding in water in the proportion of 1x1. Keep at about 20 degrees Celsius. Wait for the onset of the fermentation process (active evolution of gas bubbles). He comes on 7-8 day.
The color of the finished infusion resembles freshly weak tea. To use, dilute the obtained substrate with water in the ratio of 1 to 20. Use the prepared infusion immediately, otherwise the loss of the nitrogen component is inevitable.
Dry top dressing
Manure cleaned from the chicken coop is dumped in the garden in the open for a while, while the weather is dry, on a substrate of tops, grass, fallen leaves. Laid in the fall, in the spring this pile of substrate is ready for use. Make dried material should be after abundant watering in between the rows.
Wet composting with earthworms
Earthworms are excellent processors for any manure. Chicken is no exception. But they can die from excess fresh urea, so it is dried (see paragraph 2), and only after that is placed in a pit with grass, food waste and other types of manure (cow, sheep). Worm-processed compost is of even greater value.
It is over dried and pressed chicken manure concentrate. Ideal for strawberries, tomato seedlings, used after cultivation in water (watering), and in dry form (penetration into the soil). It should be applied in the spring, after the formation of beds and rows.
In the case of using a liquid solution based on granules, a pound bag is poured into a 200-liter barrel of water, after the end of fermentation, the infusion is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 50 and watered each well with half a liter of this mixture.
To reduce the unpleasant odor during fermentation, add 150-200 g of copper or 200-300 g of vitriol to the container. These substances in the form of chicken manure will serve as an additional fertilizer.
Advantages of chicken manure as an organic form of fertilizer
Organic forms of fertilizer, and litter is no exception, more resistant to all kinds of influences. That is, slower than the mineral, washed out of the soil, more resistant to temperature effects, whether it is summer heat or winter cold, slower, more “dosed”, appear to the roots, ensuring the long duration of beneficial effects.
The uniqueness of the waste of chickens is in a high concentration of substances useful for growth.
As a fertilizer is valuable also by the fact that
- Fire safe - with the exception of a short period of composting or fermentation, when about 0.6 cubic meters of fire and explosive methane is released from each kilogram of mass.
- The prolongedness of its action is such that application to the soil is required once every two or even three years.
- Thanks to its combination of elements, it protects plants from diseases and pests. For example, introduced into the aisle, expels them Medvedka and wireworms.
- Restores the microflora of the soil, normalizes its acidity.
The specifics of the application of chicken manure
"Pitfalls" of using top dressing from chicken manure:
- The presence of hormones and antibiotics used in the cultivation of broiler chickens. It is possible to reduce their number by re-casting manure in the compost heap.
- May be infected with worms eggs. This problem is also solved by composting manure or drying it.
- Pathogens, primarily Salmonella.
Very dangerous microorganism, causing a serious infectious disease. They get rid of the infection with the addition of special enzymes, such as Oksizin, Baikal M-1, the catalyst Dunamis, as well as in the natural process of composting or digestion, but 2-2.5 times longer. However, if it is laid in the compost pile for the winter, the salmonella will die during the cold season.
- Fertilizers from litter do not like root vegetables. The exception is the potato. Thus, it is better for beets and carrots not to do such dressing. It is also not advised to apply such dressing for onions, garlic, salads during the ripening period. But at the initial stage of the growing season, when the plants grow, two weeks after transplanting, the use of chicken compost or pellets is quite appropriate.
- Top dressing of seedlings of any plants is allowed only after the expiration of the first two weeks of planting seedlings in the beds. The concentration of nutrients in chicken manure is such that an adult plant with a developed root system cannot always assimilate all the components it needs.
- The optimal number of feedings for the entire season is three: this
- During the initial growing season.
- In the flowering period.
- With the onset of fruit ripening.
However, for some crops, in particular - grapes, top dressing is done 2 times in the spring: as soon as the snow melts and when 8-10 days remain until the vine blooms
What dreams of chicken droppings? If you dreamed of chicken droppings, then you expect a good profit in working with trusted partners. Or fame, fame, honor and respect in the circle of friends and relatives. But the presence of such a trouble on the head warns about the undesirability of rash and sudden, under the influence of mood, actions!
When to fertilize
The use of fresh humus in the spring is not recommended. This fertilizer is applied after harvesting the entire crop and preparing the garden for wintering. In the springtime, you can apply a decontaminated product (powder, granules). Depending on the type of plants, fertilizing can be done 2-4 times before harvest.
Chicken droppings as fertilizer: composition and types
Litter chickens is considered the best type of organic fertilizer. By the content of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen, it is significantly superior to horse and cow dung. Chicken feces are more nutritious than goose and duck. They contain a lot of iron and calcium, organic acids, trace elements are present. The bioactivity of the litter is explained by the content of growth hormones - auxins.
In agriculture, different chicken dung is used:
Fresh litter collected from the floor of chicken coops, the bottom of the enclosures in the poultry farms. In unchanged form, it is brought into the ground for autumn plowing.
Granulated droppings are produced industrially. In the production process, manure is disinfected, and at the same time retains all its useful qualities.
Infusion is used for plant nutrition. To get it, fresh manure is poured with water at a ratio of 1:10, insist in a dark place for 2–3 days.
Powder - dried chicken manure. In the form of an aqueous solution (1:30), it can be used as a liquid top dressing, in a dry form - to be introduced into the ground for digging.
In chicken litter can be helminth eggs, weed seeds. Get rid of them, as well as an unpleasant smell, by digestion. For this, the litter is collected in special trays under the cages. To manure periodically add sawdust impregnated with a fermentation accelerator. The contents of the pallets are collected in a pile. When it reaches a meter in height, it is plentifully watered with a preparation of effective microorganisms (EM) and is left to decompose. In winter, the fermentation takes 2 months, in the summer - a month.
How to apply liquid and dry manure from chicken manure
One of the ways to use manure - making for digging. Fresh and dry droppings fertilize the ground in the fall, granules - in the spring. After harvesting and removing weeds, litter is scattered over the plot, the soil is dug up. For each weave take 20-40 kg of fertilizer. Compost can also be used to improve soil structure. To prepare it, dry plants and chicken droppings are laid alternately in the pit. The thickness of each layer is 20 cm. Compost, which is periodically stirred and watered, wanders for 3-6 months.
Important! Due to the rapid loss of nitrogen, such compost must be consumed in a season. For the same reason, chicken droppings cannot be kept clean for a long time: they are mixed with soil or peat.
Liquid dressing is made under the plants during periods of intensive growth, fruit set, fruiting. Roses, berry crops, fruit trees, and vegetables react well to organic matter rich in nitrogen. The solution on the basis of the litter is made in cloudy weather or in the evening, after watering. It is poured between the rows or 20–30 cm from the root, trying not to fall on the leaves, trunk. Solution consumption - half a liter for each plant.
So, chicken manure is an affordable, environmentally friendly and safe form of fertilizer, if used correctly and in a timely manner.