Animals

How to raise a German Shepherd

For a long time serving a person, German Shepherds acquire the "title" of universal service dogs. The only job in which the breed is not used is hunting and that is not because the shepherd dog cannot be trained in skills, but because of an unsuitable body build. The training of the German Shepherd under the force of newcomers who have only theoretical knowledge. You should not think that training a dog is too easy a task, but in the case of German Shepherds, the intelligence of the caudate compensates for the lack of experience of the trainer.

The optimal age for training

The universality of the breed implies its “flexibility” in training. It is better to begin the training of the German Shepherd from the age of 3-4 months, but even an one year old untrained dog will easily succumb to training. You should also understand that education and training are very similar concepts, but at the same time different:

  • Upbringing - An extensive term that includes learning the norms of behavior, socialization, helping a puppy in shaping his picture of the world and training.
  • Training - training and testing of teams, both basic and additional.

So, in the whole process of education there is only one significant factor - the right motivation. Traditionally, dogs are encouraged to encourage delicacy, but you won’t carry with you sweets for life ... and what if you accidentally forget the "currency of obedience" at home? There is a scheme of rewards - one delicacy, three praises. In the context of praise, the owner’s emotions are meant and a pleasant thing for the dog, most often a game. The sooner you find effective motivation, the faster and more successful your pet will be learning.

Tip: Look at your puppy's behavior, what is interesting to him? Maybe he likes to search for toys, fool around, bring a ball, jump high, chase a frisbee? Yes, all this exercise, part of the training, but there is nothing better than a favorite thing that has become work.

Immediately after moving to a new home, the dog is under stress and should receive a maximum of affection, but not indulgence. The pet must make sure that he is surrounded by friends who will not harm him. Initial training of the German Shepherd at home continues until basic vaccination is received, that is, up to 4–4.5 months of age. On the one hand, this period of life is quite stressful - the puppy adapts to changes, the outside world and society, on the other hand, the dog is already able to learn simple commands. It is important to define the hierarchy of the pack, the owner is the leader, his will is the law, his rights are unshakable. Against the background of rigidity, the owner is the “parent” of the puppy, that is, he is obliged to devote enough time to joint leisure. Further, already on walks the games are combined with the working out of the basic teams.

If you do not even have a primitive experience in training, it is worth enrolling in a puppy group by early (general course of training). Training will take 1-2 months, but it will need to be repeated and consolidated at the age of 8-12 months. It should be understood that the puppy becomes a teenager at the age of 6–7 months, and this is a real transitional age with all the attendant circumstances - disobedience, perseverance, first tears and fights with relatives. Up to the age of one year old, it is recommended to teach the dog to sharp loud sounds, to get rid of fears associated with water and height (within reasonable limits).

The German Shepherd is considered adult and mature mentally, upon reaching 3 years of age, and the basic commands are honed over the entire period of maturation. Pet perfectly learned OKD - work gestures and clicker, it will not only take time, but also allow you to work out obedience to a first-class level.

If you have the desire to engage in freestyle or other sports with a dog, the period from 1 to 3 years is ideal for mastering basic skills. At the first stages it may seem that training is too difficult for the dog, but it is not. As soon as the pet ripens morally, it will become more balanced and focused. By the way, Agility is a fascinating sport and one of the favorite entertainments of German Shepherds not employed in the service.

Important! If your pet is raised as a working dog, then the skills associated with the "profile" must be developed from an early age. There can not do without the help of canine and group classes.

Abilities and talents - what can you teach the German Shepherd

Have you met people whose profession does not coincide with your favorite thing? Unfortunately, such a majority and a serious-looking man with a scythe at the shoulders at work, who will crochet at home with pleasure, is not such a rarity. By analogy, the “purpose” of German Shepherd Dogs can also be considered - the breed has the prescribed functions, but there is work that the pet simply likes. Do you want to quickly, successfully and correctly train the German Shepherd - define its "hobby". Usually, a breed is considered as:

  • Security - protection of the territory and property of the owner.
  • Protective - protection of the owner and family members from other people; in dog breeding this is ZKS (protective and guard duty)
  • Investigative - Acute scent allows dogs to be used to detect people, animals, things, fossils, drugs and volatile gas leaks. By the way, progress has already reached the point that the scent of dogs is used in medicine to detect diseases at an early stage.

According to the above profiles, shepherd dogs have worked for centuries, which means that even a puppy has basic skills. Your task is to develop these talents, one or each of them, but in turn. By the way, dog handlers do not recommend training the dog for anything, it is better to choose one profile to sharpen it to perfection. There are types of work that are not inscribed in the "pedigree" of shepherd dogs, but they are great like:

  • Cargo delivery - no one talks about harnessed in a sleigh, but teach the dog to deliver a toy, laid under the harness and it will be excellent.
  • Search and rescue service - in this work shepherd not only succeed, but also set records. By the way, it was Germany that became the debutant who put the rescue dog training on stream. Sheepdogs are trained to search for living people under the rubble, ground, snow, dogs are landed from the air and walk kilometers to the scene of the accident, work together with a trainer or independently.
  • Convoy and patrol - this direction is more connected with dogs working as part of the special services.
  • Escort or guide dog - here it is possible to carry four-footed nannies. The work of the dog is in custody of the person.

And of course, the sport is both amateur and professional. German shepherds succeed in competitions in agility, dog pulling (rope pulling), dog frisbee, sports grazing, pitch and go (competition in fast offering of aport), fast track (speed overcoming barriers), fly bole, obidiense, freestyle.

Teams and age - when and what to learn?

Ideally, the training of a German Shepherd puppy begins 2 months of age, in fact - from 3 months. The first jerk of training is the most difficult for the owner, but not for the caudate. The puppy is still small and loves to engage in any business, so long as the owner is near. The coach, who does not succeed everything the first time, is going through a period of adaptation. You need to understand that too much depends on your emotional perseverance. Demonstrative breakdowns, screams, slaps leashes - these are nails driven into the coffin of your authority. Is the puppy slow? Well, let, the speed of the command can be refined, and you will not return respect. So, the first thing you need is patience and an understanding that you work with a child. The second is ammunition for the dog and at least theoretical knowledge on the subject of dressage.

The general course of training the German Shepherd includes 9 sets of commands, but at least 15 months is given for its passage. Tail can get the certificate early, but it will have to be confirmed. The general course commands worked out for voice and gesture are:

  • Beside - forward, backward, step left and right, turn around its axis.
  • Show your teeth or teeth, dressing and wearing a muzzle - the minimum test time of 30 seconds.
  • Sit, Lie, Stand.
  • To me and nearby - hike to the front position, change of position to the left leg of the coach.
  • A place - a delay on the specified place up to 30 seconds, approach to the call, return to the specified place. The minimum distance between the trainer and the dog is 15 m, the dog can be laid in a fixed position with the “Lie” command, the use of toys or personal belongings is permissible.
  • Aport and Dai.
  • Fu
  • Barrier and Forward - jump over a deaf obstacle, overcoming a boom and a ladder.
  • Loud sounds - in the process of executing any command, a shotgun of the starting pistol is once heard on the court to check the reaction and concentration of the dog.

Naturally, skills are mastered gradually. It is recommended to teach the dog a complex of commands, since monotonous repetition of the same exercise reduces the effectiveness of training. The process of basic training can (and should be) stretched to 6 months. The load is distributed approximately in this order:

  • 1-2 months - acquaintance, establishing contact with people, accustoming to a nickname.
  • 2–4 month - To me, Fu, Place (return to the lounger).
  • 4–6 months - Next, Sit, Lie, Stand.

It is worthwhile to start exploring the rest of the teams, only having a solid “base”. Do not be embarrassed if the dog is distracted or gets tired quickly - this is normal. It is abnormal to give a command and not bring it to execution, each time encourage the dog with a treat, shout and apply physical punishments, rush the puppy. Training is held every day, it is advisable to engage with the dog several times, but not for long (15–20 minutes). Like it or not, and the most important teams should be considered as calling (To me) and termination (Fu), they need to be trained at any convenient time and in various external conditions.

From 7 months or later, the dog is trained to overcome obstacles, but be reasonable and do not overload the still weak joints of the puppy with jumps. Studying the teams Aport and Dai is conducted in a game form and more often than not, it does not cause difficulties. Returning to a place in the street conditions requires restraint and concentration, therefore, working off can be postponed until the age of one. Schooling to shots is also carried out individually, it is worth starting with the game - inflate the balloons and let the puppy burst them, later you can use pyrotechnics and only after, the starting pistol.

Training at the ZKS course is carried out only after passing the early start and excellent working out of the commands of Fu, Next, To me. Also, the dog should calmly relate to the muzzle (part of the training without a leash is held in a muzzle). For the development of protection, the pet must mature morally (age 1.5-2 years), that is, grow up otherwise, it will show the results only on the site, and in real danger it will run away first.

Additional commands

A number of teams that play a large role in everyday life are not included in the course of early onset. To learn a pet or not is a master's job, but if you plan to work or play with a dog in any kind of sport, there are no extra skills. So, additional commands include:

  • Give paw or give five - it is convenient at shaving off claws, it is important for statement of tricks.
  • Voice and Quiet - barking is used as a signal, for example, during search work. The “Quiet” command is convenient in everyday life and on walks, allowing you to stop or restrain the ward's barking.
  • Walk - makes the pet understand that he is free and does not have to go near.
  • Spit - household, but useful team.
  • Stunt Team Feet - the dog stands between the legs of the trainer and lifts his head, an analogue of the command “Nearby”. Starting position for "Snake".
  • Snake - the dog walks along a winding straight line between the legs of the walking owner or a special projectile with vertical posts passes.
  • Roll, coup (left, right) - the exercise is performed from a prone position, the dog rolls, making a roll through the back.
  • Wait - used if you leave a dog without supervision. The ward should not move from the place and be able to protect themselves if necessary.
  • Bunny or Serve - stand on its hind legs with raised front.
  • Spanish step - a march with a high raising of the front paws - a hybrid of the commands "Near" and "Give the paw".
  • Turnover - dog torsion around its axis.
  • Front, Left, Right, Rear - the dog is standing on the indicated position with the muzzle to the trainer.

This is not all available for the study team. Look at the freestyle and obedience competitions, you may find interesting tricks for yourself. Nobody forbids to put and invent teams on their own, “Die” is a bit strange, but the team that allows you to work out the restraint, appeared precisely because of the fantasy of the coaches.

Do not make mistakes

Teaching a dog from scratch is much easier than retraining. Unfortunately, most of the difficulties that arise when training, associated with the wrong behavior of the owner. Below are a number of general recommendations that will simplify classes and quickly achieve results:

  • No training on an empty or crowded stomach. - when the pet has eaten, it needs to be given a rest, after a walk, and only after that you can start classes. Hunger is distracting, you can’t work effectively if you’re experiencing severe hunger, neither can a dog.
  • Do not be zealous with delicacies. - to encourage a dog with a snack for each success is permissible only up to 3 months of age. After, you should work on the scheme 1 delicacy and 3 praises.
  • Do not hurry - to consolidate the team requires a minimum of 12 approaches (3-4 repetitions). For honing the teams with tail engaged in life.
  • Do not forget about gestures - at a great distance, the dog may not hear you, for example, if a strong wind blows, but it will see a gesture.
  • Do not stop there - work out the commands with the help of gestures and clicker.

  • Use additional training tools. - a whistle for the dog to pay attention to you from any distance, a favorite toy as a reward.
  • Be emotional, but in a good way. - Praise as if the pet received the Nobel Prize, scold with a cold voice and restrained mimicry.
  • No physical punishment - years of practice proved that violence reduces the quality of training, the level of trust and the quality of life of a dog.
  • First teamand then, if necessary, physical impact (jerk, pressure), but not the other way round.
  • Physical impact, but not pain - more and more world experts advise you to exclude parforsa and stun collars from the process of training. Use special means only if their use is really justified.
  • Monotone - the enemy of training, alternate teams, change places of employment, play with the ward during breaks.
  • Feel free to ask for help. - even among universal and intellectual breeds, there are “tough nuts”, showing persistence and quickness. Working in a group and with an outside coach allows you to increase the effectiveness of training.

General approach to education and training

Education and training will depend directly on the nature of the puppy.

The German Shepherd is practically universal, practice shows that the correctly chosen method of training allows you to prepare a German for any kind of work: guide, investigative, protection and other.

But, unfortunately, not all individuals of the breed are able to fully absorb the training.

Training should begin from infancywhen the puppy is still very small: during the period of feeding and walking, the main teams are absorbed much faster.

Age periods and the psychological formation of the German Shepherd

German learning process itself is to pull the dog to its “established” intellectual level, to rise above which the psycho-physiological limitation will not allow it.

But even with this, the dog shows excellent results in education and training.

The system of education and training of dogs will be built on the knowledge of the periods of its growth and development. Accordingly, in each period of formation, the puppy will require certain approach.

the main thing - Do not miss the moment of social adaptation of the baby, which begins at 6 weeks of his life and lasts up to 10 weeks.

This period is critical for him - the puppy develops behavioral skills in a society of people and relatives.

This may subsequently affect the psychological state Your pet: a dog may become cowardly, withdrawn, angry, aggressive or suspicious.

The main periods of puppy development

Time period

It starts from 4 weeks and lasts up to 7. At this time, the tot begins to realize that he is a dog, and learns to be it.

In the brood hierarchy is being established, relationships with fellow members change somewhat, a leader appears in the brood.

During this period, reflexes begin to form and sensitivity increases. The sense organs open up to him the world around him and help him communicate with his kindred.

Since the adaptation process occurs through all the senses, important, чтобы в этот момент щенок познавал и устанавливал контакт с человеком, чтобы впоследствии тот стал собратом для него.

Контактировать с маленьким немцем необходимо as long as possible, communication should not be limited only to you and your family: the dog will be in society all the time, it must learn not to be afraid of people.

If during this period limit contacts, then the dog will simply start to get scared and hide from strangers. At this point, the puppy starts to be nicknamed.

The next period is socialization

At week 8, the puppy is usually taken from the mother, since at this moment the restless person becomes the most active, friendly and inquisitive.

Therefore, familiarity with the owner will proceed fairly easily.

This inexhaustible tangle of energy will be taken to explore with great interest the territory of the house and the surrounding area.

The degree of learning it is high: the little German has already remembered his nickname, now you can start training.

The first teams that the puppy must master - “To me”, “Place”, “Walk”. Not always the training will go smoothly, you need to be patient: today did not work, but tomorrow will definitely work.

Education is not only affection, but also in punishment. A puppy must accept your headship and submit to you.

With the wrong behavior it should punish. Here are some tips:

Such a punishment is more effective than violence, which gives the dog only cowardice and aggression.

Hierarchy - a new stage in the development of your puppy

From week 13 a little German starts to probe the ground with regards to who is in charge of the family.

The little teenager will begin to growl, snap, intentionally bite or scratch you during games.

This period most important to your petbecause the subconscious forms a shepherd dog as a family dog: he must understand that you are “alpha” for him by nature and all members of your family are above him in rank, and in this case he becomes “omega”.

By nature, German Shepherd Dogs are pretty smart, so a young German may try to achieve equality in relationships or achieve leadership.

The owner should be strict, do not allow the dog to do what she wants while walking.

Strictly punish disobedience, pick up toys, bones or food, if he does not want to give it to you, and force him to do it on his own, without bothering you and not snarling.

This is necessary so that in the future there will be no problems when the German turns from a puppy into a rather large dog.

Transitional age

Usually dog ​​handlers begin to train the German Shepherd from 6 months.

This is a transitional period of puberty, in training it is considered the most favorable - in a pet. fixed character.

If there are bad behavior, it is not too late to eliminate them.

Final character formation the dog occurs in the period from one to two years, depending on the psychological state.

Basic commands

Sit Team

  • The dog on the neck fix the leash. The command “Near” is pronounced, the pet executes the command, coming up to the owner. The leash is stretched so that when landing the dog's head does not fall along with the body.
  • The owner says the command "Sit", at this moment with one hand he holds the leash, and with the other hand he presses against the croup (part of the ridge near the hind legs) until until the dog sits downby repeating the "Sit" command. After the successfully completed assignment pet awarded a treat.

Team "Voice"

  • As soon as you hear that your pet began to bark actively, go to him, pat him on the head and say "Voice", "Well done". If you have his favorite delicacy on hand, treat him.
  • Repeat the same steps at every opportunity, until the dog starts barking with a given command.

Silent Team

  • When the pet bark, take it by the face and squeeze by hand, pronouncing the command "Silence".
  • Perform these actions as long as until the dog learns team

Team "Walk"

  • The easiest team of all. As soon as you find yourself walking, take the puppy by the leash, say the command “Walk” and unhook the leash from the collar. The dog will perfectly understand you.
  • Note that the command must be pronounced. before disengagementso that the cat responds to the command, not to the release of the leash.

Training any dog ​​is a laborious process, but you are more fortunate with a German Shepherd than with the same small dogs. And, be that as it may, it’s definitely worth it to cheat in childhood to raise a mentally healthy, intelligent and correct dog. At least for security reasons.

Would you like this level of training for your German Shepherd?

The transition from education and games to training

Having understood at the first stage that the interest of a puppy of a German shepherd in schooling lies in an easy, fascinating game, and having received positive results of proper upbringing in the form of a child’s desire to perform simple commands, you can proceed to the next step: training a German shepherd at home.

It would be a big mistake to think that training is based only on the principles of the game.

As the shepherd dog grows up, hard notes, threats of threat will appear in the owner's voice, the tone of the order and the habit of its unconditional fulfillment will also get stronger. If during upbringing and development of reflexes, the kid, playfully, learned the basics of aporting, stalking, searching, and other simple techniques based on natural instincts, now the puppy will need all the insights gained by him in the process of physical training and psychophysiological education.

The training of the German shepherd is the development and strengthening of the useful service qualities that it possesses from birth. Dressura will establish and form the final character of BUT for life.

Basic intonation

It is composed of the intensity of the tone of your voice. The German Shepherd distinguishes up to 10 timbres, you only need 3 - weasel, command and threat.

When training, the puppy gets acquainted with the new intonation of the threat, with the help of which the reflex of fail-proof command execution is achieved.

The reflex is produced in contrast: the pleasure of affection received, accompanied by a tender tone of voice and the absence of affection when not fulfilled, accompanied by a threat in the voice.

When raising the threat in the voice does not apply, in case of non-compliance, you simply ignored the puppy, returning to the team after a while.

Contrast intonation

It is simple here - if the puppy knows the technique well, but is not in a hurry to perform the action, then the repeated order sounds tougher and more impressive, “promising” the coming trouble in the form of coercion.

In the performance of the reception after the initial failure, the tone of the voice immediately changes to a gentle incentive.

Owner commands and behavior

Teams used in training should be short and unchangeable - do not introduce the young BUT in perplexity.

Since the basics of work on gestures are already known to a one-year-old shepherd, working through them to automaticity, the owner should always measure their movements, perform them clearly and constantly in the same way.

Never change voice commands or gestures! And never beg the dog!

For example, with the command: “Aport!” Never say: “Well, take it! Take it soon! ”- this will break the connection in the dog's brain with the already familiar combination of sounds and the action that follows sounds.

Prohibition and Promotion

The first commands for a German Shepherd puppy (“Sit!”, “Come to me!”, “Place!”, “Next!”, “Give!”, “Look!”, “Voice!”, “Quiet!”, “Foo ! ”,“ Stop! ”,“ Lie down! ”And some others) the child learned to perform while walking and playing with the help of an exclamation:“ Good! ”, A piece of delicacy and your caress. This way you laid the foundations for the training of a matured baby.

Methods of further promotion at the age of 10-12 months are changing.

Encouragement exclamations remain, but they are also served in a different tone - from calmly and confidently: “Good!”, To the admired: “Ay, bravo! Good. », Stimulating the dog to get admiration and an additional portion of caress, when serious training of a German Shepherd puppy is just beginning.

Giving a delicacy after each correctly performed reception is delayed, being replaced gradually by exclamations and affection. Taste reward ideally should be given only at the end of the whole lesson. To do this, you need to finish the lesson with well-executed puppy commands.

By the 2nd years, a good BUT should work completely “on the voice”, and a delicacy is an exceptional, extremely rare encouragement.

The command “Fu!” Is rigid and prohibitive, the correct reaction to which is fixed at the age from 2 to 6 months and is carried out by a puppy without any help for six months. She should remain the only prohibiting team at home and at the training site. But you should not abuse it.

Compulsion

This is the mechanical action of the trainer to the execution of the command, the principle of which fits into the rule: "Failure must always be followed by failure."

Forcing in training plays 2 roles:

  • the way of learning, when the puppy, not having learned the technique, is forced to perform it by force. For example, landing - pressure on the sacrum, etc. with the simultaneous voice command: “Sit!”,
  • a forcing factor when a young German shepherd knows, but does not want to carry out a command known to her. In this case, there can be no pitiful concessions, otherwise the authority of the host, like the leader of the pack, will be lost!

However, it is impossible to consider the methods of coercion, as revenge for the offense committed - coercion must always end with an encouraging affection as soon as the shepherd has performed the necessary action.

In the process of upbringing, you sought to assimilate and execute techniques without coercion, but with such a construction of classes there is no principle of firm reliability of the command execution.

It is relatively easy to get a puppy to learn the technique, but it is impossible to achieve the precise work of the BUT and the smooth execution of commands without appropriate compulsion. And this is the basic law of training.

At what age can you train a German Shepherd puppy so as not to harm its development?

Engage with a puppy of the German Shepherd begin very early, literally from the first weeks, increasing the intensity of training and introducing new elements gradually and in stages.

The potential possibilities of German shepherds are almost endless, but to teach a shepherd dog to teams does not mean to get a working BUT. Discipline, unconditional obedience and an endless desire to serve a person make of a small puppy that dog, which they proudly say: “This“ German ”!”

What should a puppy of a sheepdog be able to do before the start of training on early?

What techniques should be paid close attention when training the German Shepherd puppies, while the principle of study fit into the rule: “Playing and educating - teaching and playing”?

At the heart of the obedience course are the same 5 main teams that the puppy BUT already learned in the first six months or a year of their life:

This is the basis of all subsequent training, its foundation. These commands should be known to any German Shepherd puppy and, therefore, to teach a puppy to these teams, preferably up to 1 year.

After mastering them, a more detailed study of the existing techniques in the arsenal begins and combining with more complex skills: aportirovka at a distance, jumping, hauling (searching for the smell of things), taking the trail, “Sit!” And “Lie down!” In motion, commands: “Wait!” And “Protect!”, Slowing down and accelerating the movement at the will of the owner when he stands still, as well as getting acquainted with the complex techniques of special training - the primary training: “Fas!” And “Take!”.

Equipment for classes on early

How to start classes? With the acquisition of equipment, which will have to be used during lessons.

  • 10 meter leash,
  • 2 meter leash,
  • 20 meter leash,
  • 25 cm short leash,
  • training metal collar strangling (jerky chain with easily moving links, which is also called "German leash" or "snake"),
  • with stronger and strong-willed shepherd dogs, it is permissible to use parfors with small teeth that do not traumatize the dog’s neck.

Now no shleek! Only durable "police" collar 5 cm wide!

At the first stage (upbringing through the game) you have already trained your German Shepherd on basic execution of these commands, starting from the age of 2 months and, introducing them into the puppy's horizons gradually, achieved the formation of a clear reflex.

The time has come to achieve their unquestioning performance with the complication - the training of the shepherd began.

Team: "Sit!"

One year old shepherd knows from 2 to 3 months that when submitting this command it is necessary to lower the ass on the ground.

Now your shepherd will have to do this command, combining it with endurance and techniques: “Place!” And “Wait!” This will require a 10-meter lead and a jerk chain.

After the puppy of the German shepherd understood what was expected of him after the double command: “Place! Sit! ”, Say:“ Wait! ”And take a step back, facing the puppy, repeating the command and showing the open palm of your left hand (you can choose the gesture to do it yourself).

When you try to get up and follow you, correct it with a leash of the leash up and back.

Admission is learned at the first stage, if you walk in front of the puppy in a semicircle at a distance of 1.5 m, and the baby does not try to get up and run after you.

Now perekinte long leash through a bough or a ring at a height of 1 m.

Give the shepherd a command: "Place! Sit! Wait! ”And start to move away first, facing her, holding the palm open. In the right hand - elastic, but not stretched to the limit of the leash.

When trying to follow a shepherd dog, give the command: “Place! Sit! Wait! ”And pull the leash tightly so that the shepherd feels jerk and movement restriction.

If the puppy has taken the same position, be sure to praise him from afar, not giving the opportunity to run up to you.

Important! You need to increase the distance gradually, by 1-1.5 meters per day - the German Shepherd dogs have a very good sense of distance and your fast distance can plunge the puppy into panic.

Stand at a distance, admiring the German Shepherd sitting patiently.

Come, winding the leash, slowly, from time to time giving the command: “Place! Sit! Wait! ”, Not allowing the puppy to reduce the distance. After each such attempt, stop for a few seconds, giving a command in a threatening tone, until the dog calms down and sits down.

In no case do not provoke him, pretending to once again walk away! Your movement is only forward, even if it is “an hour a teaspoon!”

When the distance between you and the dog is one step, stop, loosening the leash completely, and give the command "Near!" Slamming yourself on the left thigh. Your shepherd will be next to you in an instant.

Team: "To me!" In this case, you can not give! - This command is served only when the puppy is in a free position!

Having felt the shoulder of your shepherd dog at the knee, turn on the spot, forcing the dog to make a semicircle at the left leg, and make him sit up without giving any command, just by pressing the sacrum.

Now is the time for joy, goodies and friendly pats.

Remember! The shepherd treat gets only when the exercise is complete!

The next stage is the development of the team on a 20-meter leash.

About the team: “Lie down!”

The same principle is used to bring up the excerpt and train the German Shepherd to work reliably at a distance and with the rest of the main teams.

The only thing with the team: “Lie down! Wait! ”You will have to use 2 strict collars and 2 leashes at once, one of which is fastened to the second collar, and passes under the belly of the shepherd dog, preventing her from getting up.

The team: “Lie down!” Is one of the most difficult teams, because the lying position is the posture of submission. If your German shepherd agrees to remain in this position next to you from the age of 8 months, because if she trusts you, then when she leaves, she will feel defenseless and will try to change her position.

Starting training on this team, at first it is better to add to the training arsenal not only a delicacy, but also a favorite toy that you will leave next to the puppy.

The need for dog training

The dog's training system primarily depends on the nature of the pet. The German Shepherd is a universal breed, and most importantly, the dog loves learning, no matter what role the master is preparing for - a guard, watchman or assistant in the investigation file. But it should be noted that it is impossible to teach a German shepherd dog all the tricks of the dog at the same time, as the dog is able to perform only one specific type of work..

The majestic and graceful animal is taught literally "from the cradle." Her intellectual development is fast. The owner just needs to meet the period from 6 to 10 weeks of puppy's age in order to lay the primary foundations for the formation of dog behavior in society, with which the German Shepherd will appeal throughout its entire life.

So how old is a German Shepherd being trained and taught to the main teams? Immediately, as the puppy got into a new home — from the first walk, the designation of the place — Booth for a German Shepherd Dog — from an acquaintance with a leash and neighbor dogs.

As soon as the puppy completely switches to independent feeding, and this is about four to six weeks old, he is presented with the first lessons of obedience.. This is exactly the moment when starting to train a German Shepherd puppy becomes a necessity.

Чтобы взрослая собака не конфликтовала с представителями других пород, щенка овчарки в тот период приучают к общению с другими собаками. The process of perception and identification of a person in the "friend or foe" category for an amateur owner is complicated, and it is done only by professional dog experts as soon as the dog reaches a certain age criterion.

The basic principles of training a German Shepherd

Before you begin to train the German Shepherd, it should be remembered that the maturation of the dog occurs in several stages:

  1. Neonatal period - the stage of the first two weeks of life. The puppy is physiologically necessary only heat, sleep and food. The main indicator of development is the baby's biotonus - the speed at which the nipple is located, the force of suction and the rate of suction of milk. These qualities determine the life potential of the dog.
  2. Transition stage - the third week of a puppy's life, when separation from mother's milk and switching to another type of food is carried out. During this period, personality begins to form.
  3. Time period. Lasts from four to seven weeks old. At this stage, the puppy laid the basics of education, which is based on obedience and the implementation of primitive commands. It is at this stage that the puppy adapts to the outside world and contact is established with the owner.
  4. Socialization stage. It lasts up to 10 weeks of puppy age. It starts as soon as the baby moves to a new home. It is desirable that the age of the dog at this stage corresponds to 8 weeks, since the owner has only two weeks left in stock to socialize the dog as much as possible - to teach him to walk on a leash, to teach the most simple and necessary commands, to work out obedience.

By the age of six months, the owner must have completely worked out and fixed the basic commands to control the dog.. A teenager must implicitly, on command, shut up or give a voice, stick to a specified place, be able to wait, stop or keep moving and aporte the diarrhea well.

Teaching the Sit Team

Refers to the basic commands of dog training.. Starting to work out the team is best at the time of feeding the puppy.

You should plant a dog and achieve obedience at the time of installing a bowl of food on a tripod, so that the puppy can learn to wait until it is allowed to start eating. Learning the Sit team can be started already at eight weeks of age, handling the puppy gently but aggressively. On walks using delicacy, forcibly seating the dog, issuing a command. A trained animal gesture shows that you need to sit down, followed by encouragement for the execution of the command.

Teaching the Lying Team

With the puppy all the teams are worked out using a treat. Begin training at an early age, daily fixing the material covered.

At first, they bring a treat to the dog’s nose and, not allowing to take it, lower their hand to the floor, pronouncing the command. As soon as the dog lies down, put your hand on the withers. Holding in this position, praise her, give a treat, but do not let go, forcing him to lie down until the “Stand” command. Then once again encourage for a good performance.

Teaching the team "Near"

Before you start to work out the command "Near", the dog is taught to collar and leash. While practicing the “Near” command, the puppy is not allowed to move forward in front of the owner by more than a third of the body. The dog should go to the left at the pace of its owner, its shoulder should be at the level of its knee. The leash should not be taut, but loose to hang. The dog should not stray from the intended course, do not stay ahead, keep up and not go away from the owner.

Final command completion

Basic commands accompany any dog ​​throughout its life. But German Shepherd Dog is a universal breed of service dogs, carrying guard, guard, investigative, protective service. In addition, dogs do an excellent job with the work of guide dogs, rescuers and even sled dogs. therefore for German shepherds there is a whole range of special trainings with specific commandsdefining the functional responsibilities of the dog.

The end of the command is considered the moment when the dog independently begins to take the only right decision in the current situation.. German shepherds involved in the operations to neutralize terrorist groups do not need commands. They independently assess the situation and act according to the situation, working without being accompanied by a person.

Home service teams

The system of training of the German shepherd dog includes early and the rules of PCL. There are a number of methods for training service dogs, depending on the nature, temperament and performance of the animal. For self-testing teams of the defense service, you must:

  • achieve perfect pet obedience,
  • teach the dog to work on the trail
  • learn to properly lead a dog on a leash
  • work out a neutral reaction to the shot,
  • to work out the landing and styling of the movement, as well as the approach to the owner from any position.

In addition, it is necessary to work out the porting of objects, unsupported jumps over obstacles with and without objects, and also not to react to various irritants - cats, provocations of people, shots.

When should I contact a professional instructor?

If the owners of the German shepherd can work out the basics of the general training course themselves, then dog owners turn to the help of professional dog handlers for training and practicing the standards of protective and guard duty:

  • labeling the suspect by barking
  • search of the suspect
  • Detention of the evader
  • escort
  • attack on the enemy,
  • check the courage of the dog,
  • getting skills on the trail.

What delicacy to give a puppy during training and how much?

At first, you need to cheer the shepherd dog after each completed segment of the exercise, you can not abruptly stop the dainty dacha, otherwise the dog will be alarmed. The substitution of delicacy with incentives should be gradual.

The beginning of the training course is not a reason to abandon the promotion of a delicacy!

What should it be? First of all - desired. The delicacy is not just a tasty piece, the size of a playing dice, it is a symbol of the attention and love of the owner to his ward. Each deserved piece, accompanied by praise and affection - a joy for both.

What could it be? This is not the usual everyday food, delicacy should have a different taste.

Small pieces of low-fat hard cheeses, mini-biscuits or a type of dry food that your pet emphasizes, homemade croutons, chopped boiled entrails of animals ...

The dog is not so important from what made delicacy, how much the fact that she earned it, which means - deserved. That is why the delicacy is an incentive for the sheepdog to try to fulfill the task and deserve a tasty piece.

With the help of treats, any dog, including the German Shepherd, can easily be taught not only to the basic commands, to wear a stick or a command: “Voice!”, But also to actions in difficult training.

The main thing is for the owner to express his pleasure with success openly and joyfully, and a tidbit is a confirmation of this.

Tasty and sugar?

The prejudice that sugar is harmful for representatives of Canis lupus familiaris (lat.) Is firmly ate in the minds of not only ordinary citizens, but also dog handlers. Sugar - the most useful of the products, contributing to the rapid restoration of mental and physical strength.

Therefore, the insignificant use of sugar cubes as a delicacy in teaching the puppy BUT commands and further training a young shepherd is not only justified, but also largely contributes to their success.

Candies, cakes, cakes and chocolate are harmful to the health of the German shepherd and are not suitable as a treat!

How to teach a sheepdog to eat on command

Sick questions for many German shepherd owners.

Teaching a puppy to eat on a team from the age of 4-5 months is easy. It is enough to click it several times on the nose after the command: “No!” Or even remove the bowl from under your nose, making you wait for the resolving command: “Eat!”, And the baby will learn to sit at the bowl waiting for permission. The beneficiary in the house is the leader host.

To use the command: “Phew!” Is a gross mistake in this case! This command obliges the shepherd to abandon all further actions, and therefore the opportunity to eat. Do not confuse a puppy, you can eat, you just have to wait for your permission.

How to wean to pick up pieces on the street

It is quite another thing - the street. Food found during walks is perceived by the puppy as legitimate prey, and in order to retain its right to possess it, the puppy has no choice but to swallow the found piece or escape it to a quiet place where you cannot take the prey.

To help you - the team: "Phew!" And leash jerk. If there is no leash (you are walking in the forest), then think of a slingshot.

If you are in the house, then slipping the selected piece under the violator’s nose, squeezing his face with the palm of your hand, strictly saying: “Ugh!”. Tried to grab the piece again? - Repeat the execution.

Quinine Method

A win-win technique is to scatter quinine-flavored pieces attractive to the shepherd. The pieces should be large enough that the dog could not swallow them, barely taking it into the mouth - approximately from the palm of an adult person. Having tried to chew such a piece, the dog will feel unbearable bitterness, which will cause abundant salivation. It is unlikely that a sheepdog will be able to force itself to swallow such food, but, even if this happens, the bitterness of quinine in the stomach will cause spasm and vomiting. After 3-4 days of such “feeding”, even an adult shepherd will understand that a piece picked up on the street is not tasty.

The smell of hydrochloride or sulphate of quinine does not have, shepherd will not be able to smell such a "seasoning", but your warning team will associate the taste of strong bitterness, unpleasant sensations in the mouth: "Fu!" With pieces lying on the street.

Although quinine does not belong to poisons, moreover, it is used as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of malaria orally. Introduced intravenously, it causes irreversible changes in the body, up to and including death.

Therefore, the pieces need only be “salted” with quinine on both sides - this will be enough.

Important! This method is not suitable for pregnant and lactating females!

Quinine crosses the placenta and can cause abortion or deafness of the fetus.

It is easily absorbed into the milk, making it extremely bitter - puppies can refuse to suck - once, even a weak dose of quinine can cause diarrhea in babies up to 2 months and vomiting - two.

If you decide to use this method, then note that the shepherd must be at least 6 months old, she must be healthy and eat well.

Instinct will make a very hungry animal chew and this kind of food that does not bring educational effect, but only upset the sheepdogs stomach.

Attention! Do not use other chemicals, even if they are very bitter! - You risk crippling your animal!

Video how to wean the shepherd dog from the wrong hands

This technique is also good at developing the correct behavior for the teams: “Fas!” And “Alien!”.

At this time you must stand nearby, and as soon as the sheepdog is “indignant”, submit the appropriate command. When an assistant leaves, an excited BUT needs to be reassured and be sure to caress.

Teams must be given to the owner or trainer himself, whom the German Shepherd should trust in the same way as the owner.

Important! When an assistant approaches, only one team is possible - “Voice!”, Which causes distrust of the approaching person, but commands that arouse anger can only be given after a strike and “outrage”.

Such a construction of the reception allows to teach the shepherd dog not only to protect the territory, which she, with the right upbringing, begins to protect from six months, but also strengthens her correct reactions when protecting the host.

This is what a young shepherd should know in a year.

How to train a German Shepherd puppy for detention, escort, study of the trail, etc. You will find out if you successfully pass the early examinations and want to study further - go along with your pet to the ZKS protective and guard service course.

The basic rules of training

Shepherds and watchmen, bodyguards and guides, German shepherds in any case become the best. But these large and very intelligent animals need to understand what exactly they want from him. Therefore, it is very important from the first days of independent life of a baby to pay as much attention to his upbringing as possible, making every effort to establish contact.

The German Shepherd has an excellent memory, it remembers not only good, but also bad. In no case do not humiliate, do not unnecessarily punish the dog, do not raise your hand on a small puppy, so that after months you don’t start to be afraid of your own pet, waiting for aggression and revenge. "Break" purebred sheepdog is almost impossible.

Important! The potential of the “Germans”, their possibilities, laid down by nature and carefully cultivated by breeders and breeders, are almost limitless.

Sheep-dogs are ideal guards and defenders, they are devoted to their owners so much that without hesitation they sacrifice their own lives, saving people. Hearing, scent and sight in shepherds inherited from wild ancestors, they did not suffer as a result of domestication, so that, coupled with a stable psyche and excellent mental abilities make the "Germans" ideal service dogs capable of performing the most complex tasks.

Peculiarities of the sheep-dogs mentality help in training, dogs not only willingly carry out commands and memorize new ones, but also do it with pleasure, as if playing. To play, by the way, these dogs also adore, remaining active until old age.

Before you buy a puppy, you should really assess your own capabilities, because the German Shepherd is a working dog that can carry a real threat. Her education requires a lot of strength and energy, to obey and to obey without question will only be the one whose authority recognizes. Sheep-dog always “chooses” the owner from family members, she will serve him faithfully and faithfully, at the same time protecting his “pack”.

Important! Remember that from the moment the shepherd dog was in your house, only you are responsible for its life, health and well-being, as well as for all that can happen through the fault of this strong beast. Without proper training, a shepherd dog can be a threat, do not forget about it.

A dog must trust its owner, know that a reward is waiting for its correct performance of the team, it is good to feel and be in tune with the lessons - every owner of the animal should know these rules.

From the first day you need to set the correct tone of communication with the pet. Any team should be pronounced calmly and confidently, be sure to seek their execution, encourage for the slightest success. You should never change once and for all the established daily routine, the time of feeding, walking, classes and games.

This will help the child from the very beginning to understand the rules and get used to the mode of the day. Few people can resist and not start to caress and indulge a crumb left without a mother and siblings, this is one of the mistakes of sheepdog owners who dream of a companion dog. The “Germans” are excellent psychologists, they sensitively catch weaknesses and often just sit on the owners' necks, dictating their own rules.

Indulging weaknesses at a young age is fraught with many problems, so it is better not to succumb to weakness from the very beginning. A firm hand, perseverance and faith in yourself will help the owners to raise a wonderful animal, which can be proud of during walks, and at exhibitions, while performing service.

What can and should learn shepherd

From the first month of life shepherd puppy must learn his name. Breeders usually talk about how a baby should be named according to the year of birth and its pedigree, but along with this name, sometimes very long, there is usually a shortened, easy to pronounce and perceptual dog.

A puppy should also know its place where it should feel completely safe. The team "In Place" is the second in importance, which is necessarily taught to the baby.

Hearing "To me", the puppy must hurry to the owner, with the command "Near" go or run to the right (or left) no more than 30 cm from the foot of the person. Among the main teams are also "Sit", "Stand", "Lie", "Aport".

Depending on what the dog is acquired for, it is trained by a number of specific teams on its own or with the help of experienced trainers in service dog clubs. In experienced hands, a shepherd dog can become a defense, an assistant, but also a weapon, a deadly weapon, so any stages of training should be verified and corrected with experts.

Important! It is imperative to teach the shepherd dog and prohibitive commands that will help protect both the dog and others.

To achieve unquestioning obedience and immediate execution should be when teaching the commands "No", "Throw", "Fu", the words "His" and "Alien" the kid should not only understand, but also know what to do if they are pronounced.

Very quickly and firmly on condition of constant repetition of the dog, it is as if the commands “Eat”, “Give the ball (any other toy)”, “Walk” (with this word, many bring a leash, harness, muzzle, a little later the dogs themselves, telling about the need to go outside bring all these things) ".

Собаки легко учатся, если это доставляет удовольствие и им, и хозяевам. Постоянное общение с ними способно творить чудеса: овчарки запоминают много слов, они понимают и человеческую речь, и интонации, и жесты.

Никогда нельзя забывать, что даже крошечный щенок овчарки – это совсем не игрушка. His upbringing should not be trusted to young children who may inadvertently hurt or cripple a dog. Only patience, perseverance, purposefulness and purposefulness of a person who understands the purpose for which shepherd is acquired, can help to raise from a tiny woolen lump aware of their strength, loyal to the owners of the dog - this true friend.

Training and education of a puppy

Barely taking a puppy in hand, the owners begin his upbringing. Only the socialization of the tiny “German”, his ability to trust the world or hate everyone around him, the level of danger that an adult beast will be on the street or in the wild will depend on them.

The concepts of "training" and "education" are somewhat different, although one without the other is impossible.

In the first six months

Affectionately repeating the baby's nickname, the owners accustom him to the sounds of his own voice, unusual for a dog. Calling him to yourself, treating, stroking, again and again need to pronounce his name. It is necessary to take care in advance of a place for the future pet, where he will be comfortable, calm, warm, where he can hide or go to sleep.

Playing with him, he needs to show his place several times a day, to put there the toy that he liked the most. Many dog ​​breeders believe that to help the puppy remember where his place is, a few tricks will help.

First of allwherever the puppy fell asleep, he should wake up in his place. Having played near people, the kid, like all children, can fall asleep literally on the move, having fallen where he was caught in a dream. Carefully taking him in his arms, the owners need to carry him to the place: the sleep in dogs at this age is very strong, so it will not wake them.

Secondly, never under any pretext of a dog can not be punished, if it is in its place. No attempts to pull her out of there, to poke her nose in a puddle or torn sneakers, force-feed her: in her place, the puppy should feel completely safe. If the puppy has dragged off a treat or bone on the litter, you should not take it away - this is its property, you should not humiliate the dog, emphasizing that you are stronger.

Thirdly, immediately it is worthwhile to foresee that a very large dog will grow out of a baby, it should be foreseen when choosing.

The puppy will not be able to control its natural needs for 4-6 months, however, you should start learning it also immediately. Immediately after waking up - a walk on which you should praise the baby, if he recovered. A walk costs at least half an hour. The next walk is after breakfast, also for half an hour, if the next one takes place in 2-3 hours. If later - then you need to walk for at least an hour. Feed the puppy should be 5 - 6 times a day, until he turns 2 months. And after each feeding, it is necessary to go outside with him - it helps to learn where to go to the toilet.

It is interesting! Often adolescents - shepherds themselves choose their place, dragging litter closer to the owner. So they take care of the most important people in his life. Do not scold the kid by finding him near his bed, under the bedroom door, or even in the children's beds. But to encourage this behavior is not necessary.

Hygiene is also an important moment of education at an early age. At least once a week, the dog should be washed, gradually accustomed to water. Sheepdogs swim beautifully, they adore water. However, if the procedure brings them suffering, discomfort, a shepherd dog might hate swimming for life. She will overcome fear, but not hostility.

It should be turned into a pleasant game for everyone and inspections after each walk, because the older a dog is, the more active it can get hurt, get into a prickly bush, burdock, and mites easily hide in thick wool. Another facilitating care for the dog action - regular brushing with special brushes at least 1 time per week, if the dog lives in the apartment, 1 time per month, if the shepherd is in an aviary or booth.

It is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the eyes, ears, shepherd's teeth, constantly visit veterinarians for examinations and vaccinations.

Up to 2 months, the puppy perceives everything as a game, he should be treated with care, affectionately, trying not to scold for misconduct and mischief. At this time, rewards for any success are crucial. It is believed that this time is the most favorable for learning the main teams, more precisely, to get to know them.

From 2 to 4 months, the puppy is given more freedom, he is allowed to walk independently on the stairs, small booms, gradually increasing their length. When training, which should not last more than 20 - 30 minutes, the commands “Go”, “Sit”, “Stand”, “Near”, “Forward”, “Cannot” are constantly repeated.

At this time, the shepherd must learn that it is impossible to run wherever they want, nibble, attack people and other dogs or cats, pick up objects from the ground without the permission of the owners and take food from strangers. There are different technologies that allow you to help develop the necessary skills.

In the next period and up to six months, the workouts become more intense, the main teams should be repeated daily, adding new ones.

Teams are getting harder to execute. At any distance from the owner, the dog must carry out the "Stand" and "Sit" commands, starting to move again on the "Walk" command. The Golos team as an encouragement to a cautious attitude towards strangers, a ban on playing with strangers, and a habit of meeting guests near the owner is a necessary skill for any service dog.

Up to 6 months, the German Shepherd should master all the main commands and unmistakably obey them, be able to behave in busy streets and in crowded places, not be afraid to move with the owner in public transport, respond adequately to outsiders, showing aggression only as a last resort.

After 6 months

After six months, the "German" becomes almost an adult dog, the requirements for it are increasing. Significantly increases physical activity required for normal development of the skeleton and muscles. At this time, after all the necessary vaccinations, the dog can be started to be led to training grounds, where there are special projectiles, and a specialist oversees the training.

Walking the stairs, logs, jumping over the barriers, bringing a diarrhea and much more to a dog is easier if it is not distracted by extraneous noises, objects, or spectators. It is difficult to demand full concentration from a teenager, but you have to strive for this.

Important! Specialist assistance is also needed because at the age of 7-9 months the shepherd begins to show aggression, asserting itself. At this time, very strict control over her behavior is needed. Puberty, the desire for individuals of the opposite sex weaken control over behavior.

But disobeying must be punished. Hurt the dog is not necessary, even harmful. For a normally well-trained shepherd dog, a slight blow to the nose of a rolled-up newspaper will be extremely insulting and will show that the owner is very unhappy.

Teaching German Shepherd Teams

Teaching a sheepdog teams need to be patient. Having mastered one team, go to the second, not forgetting all the time to return to the one that has already been learned.

«Sit"- With a little effort, gently patting, the dog must be forced to sit down, constantly stroking. Then treat her with a treat. Having achieved that the dog begins to execute the command itself, it should be encouraged only when it does not rise without a command.

«Lie down"- the training takes place on the same technology.

«Give paw"- one of the favorite, albeit optional teams. Having gotten the dog, you need to take her by the paw and say the command. Then give a treat. Repeat several times. The next day, you need to repeat the command until the dog understands what is required of him, to treat him only after that.

«Vote”- hold a treat in the palm so that the dog can see it, it is best to press it with your thumb. Keep your shoulders or faces high so as not to provoke an attack and a bite until the dog starts barking (she will do it instinctively, not understanding why she is being teased and not treated). At this point, you need to repeat the command several times, and then give the treat.

«Aport"- this is very similar to the game loved by all dogs. Often the dog brings his toys to the owner, calling for the company. This is the right moment to learn. Throw the toy at first close, and then call the dog, repeating the nickname and command. After picking up the toy and praising the shepherd, repeat from the beginning, again and again.

Weaning to raise everything in the land and take food from strangers is not easy, but possible. Sometimes it is advised to specially add something unpleasant to the taste, sprinkled with pepper, to make it clear how dangerous it can be. The word “Throw” is spoken when taking a stick, a bone, or any other object from the mouth.

Professional training

Service dog must be trained and professional teams. After the words of the owner “Guard”, the dog should not allow anyone to approach the object entrusted to it. The team "Next" makes the search for the hidden object or person. “Take”, “Fas” - teams aimed at attack, aggression, the pro should teach them the dog, at the same time teaching and stopping the aggression “Fu”, “Let go”, “Quiet”.

If a shepherd dog is designed to protect a household, an object, an apartment, you should at a certain stage turn to a dog handler who will work out the basic commands and check the dog’s skills, skills and abilities.

German Shepherd Dog Application

In many countries, service dogs are registered in special communities, their lives, health, living conditions and the process of training are under the constant control of many services. In the past century, such strict rules existed on the territory of the USSR; they concerned not only German and Eastern European shepherd dogs, but also other official breeds.

Often, even for their maintenance, special permission was required, platforms for training and training dogs worked, where classes were conducted by high-quality dog ​​experts. If necessary, any of the trained dogs could be attracted to help police officers and rescuers. On one of the best schools of guides, too, many have heard.

The owners of the “Germans” with a good pedigree were paid a certain amount, intended for the nutrition of the dog, all the necessary procedures and examinations at the veterinarians. Today, the traditions of service dog breeding are slowly being restored.

Favorite by many breed is not accidentally considered to be universal. The “Germans” are indispensable as police assistants, territory guards, shepherds, protectors, bodyguards. A well-bred dog is both a friend, and an ally, and an assistant who will always protect.

The stand of the German shepherd is an indicator of health and breed

The German Shepherd, which cannot itself adopt the correct stance without physical support from the side, most likely has a number of congenital defects, the first of which is dysplasia of the hip joints.

In case of DTBS and other disorders of the development of the musculoskeletal system, the paws, when trying to take a stand, will turn out in the joints, and all defects will be immediately visible to an experienced expert.

If a shepherd dog has no physical deviations from the standard or health problems, then it will not be able to perform the stance within a few minutes, demonstrating the strength of the smooth drop-down line of the top and the beauty of the chiseled forms of the whole body.

It is necessary to accustom to a rack from the early childhood.

You can teach the word: "Beautiful!" Or the phrase: "Beautifully standing!". To teach the team: “Stand!” In this case does not make sense - this technique refers to early.

The stand doesn’t have anything to do with the training of the German Shepherd, because it doesn’t contribute either to the puppy’s physical or mental development.

In training, it is important “starting position” - a puppy or young shepherd sits (stands) at the owner’s left leg, touching his knee with the shoulder.

A beautiful stand is an element of mandatory training for a show dog.

Stand, handler, dressure or how much it costs to train a German shepherd

The German Shepherd Dog in the rack is a beautiful sight, especially when the dog, having finished the exercise, takes this position itself, however, when you pass the obedience exam to your dog, the correct stand is not needed.

For shepherd dogs who claim to receive high titles at the show ring, for the correct stance, it is best to contact the handler (from the English. "Hand" - "hand" and "lead" - "led").

Often a dog handler, willing to professionally and profitably demonstrate your BUT in the ring, combines the talent of a trainer trainer. Contact him for further training of your shepherd, especially if you want the dog to be engaged individually.

A professional dog handler will not only be able to teach a German Shepherd puppy to the rack, but also train your shepherd in all other disciplines.

How to choose a trainer?

Individual training is not cheap, it all depends on the region. On average, a course of 30 days will cost you from 6 to 8 thousand rubles. Correctional course for an adult shepherd costs from 500 rubles. for the lesson.

To “throw out” such money and not to get what you want is a shame, so take the cynologist seriously. What to look for:

  • it is desirable that the tutor has a dog of the same breed as yours,
  • watch his German shepherd work,
  • Is she afraid of the owner? Does she enjoy chatting with the owner? How clearly does the technique work and how often does the trainer have to use physical coercion (parfors, stack, etc.)? How does his shepherd behave outside the presence of the owner ?,
  • talk to the owners, whose BUT have already been engaged with this trainer. Are they satisfied?

If you are satisfied, negotiate the price and time. After examining the puppy, the trainer will tell you when to start training your sheepdog (depending on the type of nervous activity (ND) of the dog) and will indicate flaws in upbringing that you want to fix.

Ideally, the trainer combines the training of his shepherd dog, which already knows and executes commands on “5” with a plus, with the correct training of your puppy BUT.

It is easy to teach a German Shepherd Dog to teams, especially if it is still young and pliable, with the help of the older, already trained BUT - puppies love to repeat the actions of adults.

The adult shepherd in this case is itself a stimulus to the response of an external stimulus — the giving of a command.

Such a method is called “imitative” and invariably gives high results in the training of shepherd dogs and other dogs.

Important! Do not shift to the dog handlers all the duties of training your shepherd!

Often, the owner in a short time is able to ruin the whole work of a dog handler for training a puppy or young shepherd dog, if he doesn’t do the “homework” - repeat and repeat all the techniques that the German shepherd managed to learn during the lesson - once, and correct the “homework” - two.

Constant training of the German shepherd is the key to her excellent obedience.

In order to properly perform the taught techniques, the owner needs to be close to each other during classes, carefully monitor and memorize the tone, gestures, and any action of the trainer in order to try to reproduce them exactly at home to consolidate the “homework assignment” and correct the training of the German Shepherd Dog.

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