Today, you can often find an announcement that sold Japanese dogs. Breeders, deciding to play on the curiosity of people, deliberately do not indicate the name of a particular breed. And there are actually a lot of them. We counted eleven breeds that are related by common external signs. This wedge-shaped head and tail, twisted ring. The picture is complemented by very special oriental eyes, elongated and resembling a triangle. All like one, Japanese dogs are very loyal, calm, obedient, silent and very brave in character. These samurai dog world.
Japanese or Pomeranian
Today, the Japanese dog Shunsuke is one of the most popular in the world. This is actually not the name of a separate breed, but the nickname of a nine-year-old Spitz, which has its own web page. A small miracle with a spectacular haircut has become a real star, showing different outfits and copying plush comrades. There is a representative of the breed, which includes the Japanese dog Shunsuke, about a thousand dollars.
This is a decorative look, but the true history of its origin goes back centuries. Spitz - small fluffy lumps, very active and resilient. They are devoted to their owner and at the same time they are trying to find a common language with all members of the family, including pets. This Japanese dog has a long snow-white coat. She does not get dirty and does not fade, it is enough to brush the animal with a stiff brush once a week - and the fur coat looks amazing again. It is very convenient for those who are not ready to devote a lot of time to pet haircuts and hairstyles.
Japanese Akita dog
This is a large representative of the spitz-shaped. The Japanese have always considered him their pride, and therefore gave him the poetic name "Treasure of the Land of the Rising Sun". Who does not remember the famous film about an incredibly loyal dog, waiting for its owner for a decade? The Japanese Akita Inu dog became a hero of this picture - a sample of devotion to its owner. The dog won the hearts of his stunning looks, intelligence and infinite loyalty.
These dogs have been used for hunting since time immemorial. In this case, the turn of modern history begins for them from the seventeenth century. It was at this time that the Japanese Akita Inu dog began to be used for guard and guard service. History knows many ups and downs in the development of this breed. For the first time, the epidemic of rabies and the introduction of taxes threatened its existence. Then the Second World War practically put an end to its development. At the end of 1945 there were only a dozen purebred representatives. It was at this time that Americans who were interested in this dog began to appear actively on Japanese soil. Japanese Akita, the photo of which immediately resembles footage of a famous film, moved to America, from where it began to conquer the rest of the world.
Akita is a friendly and easy to train, incredibly courageous and balanced dog. She swims beautifully and is a great watchman, as well as a great friend. Walking with such a dog should be at least two hours a day. At the same time, a walk at a leisurely pace does not suit her, you need to give a maximum load, for example, run after the ball uphill. The Japanese Akita dog (photo below) is a vivid example of a “perpetual motion machine”, it is truly tireless. Height at withers - seventy centimeters in a dog and sixty-four centimeters in a bitch. Weight about fifty kilograms. The dog is rather large, possessing luxurious thick hair, so in the winter it will be too hot in the apartment. It is often not recommended to bathe her, but you will have to scratch during the molt every day.
Best of all for her fit a spacious courtyard, surrounded by a fence. If you are going to keep Akita in a city apartment, remember that she needs daily walking, physical exertion and compulsory training. This is a fairly strong dog that will easily perform such an assignment as riding a child on a sled or bicycle. Only as soon as it runs, it will be able to calmly eat and rest, when energy boils in it, it will calmly not allow the host to sit.
Training and training Akita
Japanese dogs are very intelligent and clever, but they must feel who is the boss. From the first day it is necessary to define a number of rules to which the dog must obey. This breed has a strong will and needs the same strong-willed and strong owner. Feeling that she has power over the situation, the dog is unlikely to obey the owner. The most important point is the teaching of submission. For example, many owners cannot resist the touching requests of a little puppy to take him to bed. It is necessary to immediately place all the accents, preparing a place for the puppy next to the bed. This will teach obedience and at the same time make it clear that you are near and love him.
Japanese hin dog breed
This is a terrific loving friend who will not give you much anxiety. Hins - quiet, miniature and very charming dogs. They can only live at home, but they will get along well even in the smallest apartment, since they simply don’t need much space. Height at the withers - about twenty centimeters, weight - up to three kilograms. The Japanese hin dog breed is created for people who are looking for a way to fulfill the need for love and tenderness.
This dog will not bark in vain, will not bite anyone, but is always ready to stand up for the protection of the beloved master. Dogs are excessively jealous, loving and ambitious. They are able to instantly distinguish friends from enemies and never make mistakes. If your hin does not recognize any of your friends, then you need to take a closer look at him. Despite his small stature, the dog loves to walk. It is necessary to display it twice a day for an hour. Breed requires grooming, chinov need to bathe often and every day to comb. Make sure your pet does not overheat, it does not tolerate heat.
Very often, breeders give this breed for Akita, because only a professional can appreciate the fine line between them. By the way, in the rings at small exhibitions, representatives of these breeds go together. Kai is a northern hunting sled dog, he does not understand life without movement. These Japanese dogs are not at all aggressive, they are flexible, kind and loyal to their owner. A reliable friend can stand up for himself and for his owner.
If you like to spend your free time at home by the TV, then this is not the dog that you need. Thick, stuffed wool allows you to spend on nature any amount of time. Best of all, if you live outside the city, so your pet will have more opportunities to fulfill the need for movement. The hair of kai is short, despite the dense undercoat, so often it is not necessary to comb it. It is not worth the dog without the need to bathe, otherwise you will wash away the grease that is necessary to protect it from the weather.
This dog is distinguished by brindle color, tricolor. A brown, black, and ginger pattern appears on a brown-yellow background. At the withers males reach 59 centimeters, and females - 55. The weight of these dogs is not so impressive, about 20 kilograms, but due to the fluffy wool they look much more voluminous. Life expectancy is about twelve to fifteen years.
Hokkaido, or Ainu
This is truly a universal Japanese dog. She found use as a sled and guard, and also copes with the role of a friend. During the Second World Hokkaido participated in the detention of prisoners. But after the war, this breed was forgotten, and representatives began to be destroyed. That is why so far Hokkaido remains a very small breed.
Many Japanese dogs resemble each other. Rocks (photos will give you the opportunity to compare them) are very similar to Siberian huskies. As for Hokkaido, they are large, muscular and strong dogs of medium size with a powerful neck, deep chest and a tucked up belly. Height at withers is 50 centimeters, and they weigh an average of 25 kilograms. A characteristic feature is a wedge-shaped head resembling a fox. The tail of the dog, rolled into a ring, proudly rests on its back. The ears are very small, triangular, vertically standing and slightly tilted forward.
To the touch the coat is straight and stiff, with a soft and thick undercoat. Hokkaido is a short-haired breed, which means that the wool does not require special care. It is enough to clean the dogs during the molting with a special brush. If we talk about temperament and character, then it should be noted that these are very complex creations. The Japanese dog Inu-Hokkaido, or Ainu-Inu, is distinguished by self-confidence and strong guard instincts. Such dogs do not fit inexperienced owners who do not know how to properly assign roles. It is necessary from the first day very firmly and fairly strictly to educate, it is then that the pet can become affectionate and intelligent.
Hunting beauty kisyu
These Japanese dogs are not too common. Breeds (photos confirm obvious similarity) of kisy and samoyed husky are often confused, although their origin is completely different. This is a real hunter who can easily cope even with such large animals as wild boars and deer. Kishu is the property of Japan. The dogs are very strong, muscular and hardy. They do not care for their souls in their masters, but for their education will require a lot of effort, time and patience.
Small kisyu differ angelic appearance, it is a snow-white creature with a charming little face, past which it is impossible to pass. Breeders praise this breed, animals have absolutely no natural smell, which means that even those who are allergic to dogs will do. However, one can not fail to mention their high mobility. If you like cycling or live near the forest, which you periodically walk, then this is your breed. Fans spend time on the couch, it is strictly prohibited. Best of all kisy get along in a pack, so it is recommended to acquire two puppies at once. Then they will not be bored, and care will become much easier.
When you look at the pictures, which depict Japanese dogs, photo kisy sure to attract your attention. A snow-white, fluffy dog, strong and muscular, like a spring. Her head is wedge-shaped and wide, erect, triangular-shaped ears. The body is compact, growing about 50 centimeters, and weight - 25 kilograms. Wool has a dense undercoat, is able to protect the dog from any weather phenomena.
This is a hunting dog, a devoted and courageous companion. By her character she is independent, independent, playful and obedient. It will suit any dog breeder, regardless of whether he has any knowledge of cynology and experience in animal training. The only thing is that you need to walk with her for a long time before starting classes, and you also need to show perseverance in order to capture her attention.
Keep shikoku better in the aviary or just in the yard. The animal's coat is thick, it is able to protect from frost and strong wind. In general, the dog is medium in size, proportionally folded, with well-developed musculature. She has erect pointed ears and a tail coiled into a ring. The build is compact, strong, the bones are well developed. The dog is very hardy, sensitive, has a very alert behavior, always obedient to the owner.
If you choose your pet now, it makes sense to look through magazines about Japanese dog breeds with photos. These animals are extremely interesting. In particular, Sanca was bred as a service breed of a small size. It has two varieties, large and small, and they are very similar to Akita. These are superb, fearless watchdogs. Despite the small fame proved to be a pet. They faithfully guard the house, become attached to one master and are always ready to serve him. Not only in Japan, but also in Europe, these dogs are gaining popularity. They can live both outside the city and in the apartment.
Another Japanese hunting dog. Differs extremely good-natured character. Animals are very silent, almost never bark. Smart, sometimes their intelligence is simply amazing. They are brave and mobile, hardy and cheerful, independent, but at the same time friendly, with developed instincts. Representatives of this breed are very clean. If you accidentally get into the dirt, then they will not go further until they lick their paws. Energetic and mobile, they will require constant physical activity from you. Daily will have to take long walks. The coat is very dense, perfectly protects the dog from the weather, but at the same time creates certain inconveniences during the molt. It is often necessary to comb out a pet, so that it retains its presentable appearance. It is for this reason that the breed is not recommended for home keeping. Despite the daily combing, the wool will be so much that the carpet and upholstered furniture will have to be cleaned very often.
We considered the main breed of Japanese dogs. All of them have a similar exterior, as well as character and temperament. Almost all require a large amount of physical activity, so that, before you start a dog, you need to think about who will deal with it. Almost all the "Japanese" have a thick, dense coat. If you plan to keep a dog at home, make sure that family members are not allergic to wool.
Akita Inu (Akita, Japanese Akita)
- The official name is Akita.
- FCI Classification - Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 255.
- The origin and patronage - the island of Honshu, Japan.
- Dimensions: 58–70 cm.
Breed, bred on the island, for a long time developed "in itself." Dogs were used for purely domestic purposes - security, hunting for large animals and poultry. There is evidence that Akita also participated in dog fights. Today, the breed is considered a symbol of Japan, and a dog figurine, presented as a souvenir, should bring health and happiness.
It is interesting! Dogs from the movie "Hachiko" - this is Akita Inu. Hollywood motion picture filmed on the basis of real events that occurred with a dog named Hashiko. The four-footed every day accompanied and met his master from work on the station platform. One day, the owner had a heart attack and he never returned home. For 8 years, until Hashiko himself set off for the rainbow, he came to the platform and waited for all passengers to leave the train, hoping to still meet their owner. The dedication that shook the whole world has helped the worldwide popularity and spread of Akita Inu in the United States.
Akita is a rather specific breed that is not suitable for beginners. The dog, always responding to the attacker or showing aggression, always stand up for the owner, always has its own honor. At the same time, the caudates are not bullies and do not climb into the fray first. In the care of the breed is unpretentious, but its content requires experience. Firstly, the dog needs a strictly balanced diet, secondly, loads, and thirdly, active socialization and careful training.
American Akita (Large Japanese Dog)
- The official name is American Akita
- FCI Classification - Group 2, Section 4, Standard No. 344
- Origin - Japan.
- Patronage - USA.
- Dimensions: 60–70 cm.
Breed obtained after exporting Akita Inu to the USA. The growing popularity of calm and devoted dogs, has pushed the breeders of America to the breeding of a similar breed. The differences between dogs are obvious - size, build, character. The reasons for such changes are quite simple - Akita was “customized” to the tastes of the Americans, adding blood of other breeds.
It is interesting! At the request of Japan, Akita Inu and American Aktia were separated as separate breeds in 1988.
Like the "big brother", the American Akita is very jealous and does not tolerate outsiders, whether people or animals. It is not recommended to start a dog if you do not have enough time to raise it or if there are already other animals. Otherwise, Akita are rated positively, as dogs bow to the owner, seeing in him the meaning of his life. In terms of content, there is only one strict requirement - open space and active walking. The physical potential of these dogs is almost inexhaustible, they are hard to tire and even more exhausted. Care does not cause any problems, with proper and quality nutrition.
Kai (Kai-ken, Tora Inu, Tiger Dog)
- The official name is Kai.
- FCI Classification - Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 317.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 45–56 cm.
Aboriginal hunting dog, which for a long time was considered a mongrel. Formed without human intervention, Kai maintained good health and specific character. However, the "first owners", the independence of the dog more than suited. The tetrapods helped hunt medium and large game, protected property, defended their owners, and otherwise remained wild. Modern members of the breed have kept pack communication skills, that is, one of the family members becomes the leader, and the rest are regarded as equal.
It is interesting! Каи, Кисю, Сикоку, Хоккайдо – это японские несмешанные Шпицы, зародившиеся на островах.
Кисю (Кису, Кишу)
- Официальное название – Kishu.
- Классификация FCI – группа 5, секция 5, стандарт № 318.
- Происхождение и патронаж – Япония.
- Габариты: 43–55 см.
В кинологии принято привязывать названия пород собак к их основным рабочим навыкам или месту происхождения. Kishu, originated and formed without human intervention on the mountainous terrain of Kishu Island. By 1934, the aboriginal population of dogs was given a breed standard, according to which, many animals were rejected for color. Representatives of the breed should have only monochromatic colors, although the primary population was quite variegated.
The primary purpose of the dog is a companion, hunter and guard. Kisyu was used for wild boar pens and deer, which influenced the character of modern dogs. The breed does not tolerate four-legged strangers and is extremely distrustful of strangers. Kisyu quickly enter the hunting rage and are prone to escape in this state. With proper training and normalized loads, the four-legged can be considered as a family dog.
Sakhalin Husky (Karafuto-ken, Sakhalin Laika, Gilyatskaya Laika)
- The official name is Sakhalin Husky.
- FCI classification - not recognized.
- Origin - Russia.
- Patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 56–66 cm.
Large, strong, independent breed bred for the transport of goods. Given the age of the breed group, it can be assumed that the Sakhalin Huskies were redeveloped from hunting and herding, in sledding. It is known that at the time of birth, among local tribes, bear was hunted by dogs as entertainment. Having gone a long way of formation, Karafuto-ken acquired a calm and prudent disposition, good health, endurance and incorruptible devotion to the owner.
It is interesting! In the war years, the Sakhalin Laika was considered one of the best front-line breeds in the USSR.
In 1958, 15 Sakhalin Huskies were forcedly left in the Antarctic desert. Expedition members could not return for the animals, because weather conditions threatened the lives of people. For dogs returned a year later. Near the abandoned camp, two miraculously survived Huskies were discovered. Based on these events, the films "Antarctica" and "White Captivity" were shot. In the film “White Captivity”, the role of Sakhalin Huskies was performed by the Malamutes and Siberian Huskies.
Note! Sakhalin laika is considered an endangered breed. Breeding continues only in Japan, but in a very modest format.
- The official name is Sanshu Dog
- FCI classification - not recognized.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 41–46 cm.
The young breed obtained by interbreed matings of Japanese dogs with chow-chows. The aim of the breeders was the inculcation of certain qualities - protection and advanced communication skills. Today, the breed successfully develops and is regarded as a companion. Unlike most fellows, Sansu gets along well in an apartment and in a large family.
The cult of the owner was intentionally instilled in the breed, since the dog must not only guard the dwelling, but also read “his flock”. The four-legged get along well with children, and with proper upbringing, and with other pets. Sansu is not typical for hunting skills, which simplifies the training of a pet. By the way, training and socialization should take place gently and gradually, which obliges the owner to a patient attitude.
Siba Inu (Siba, Sheba)
- The official name is Shiba Inu.
- FCI Classification - Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 257.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 36–40 cm.
Considering the photo, you can confuse Akita Inu and Shiba Inu. Breeds are really very similar, only Sibu is almost twice as small. The quadrupeds were displayed as universal and tireless hunters. Since a large number of aboriginal dogs participated in the breeding work, it is rather difficult to talk about the origin of Shiba Inu. It is known that the breed gained wide popularity long before official recognition.
Long use exclusively in work, instilled in modern Ciba-Inu stubbornness and the ability to make their own decisions. Despite the smiling face, the breed requires hard, persistent and step-by-step education. Quadrupeds are not suitable for owners, leading a measured lifestyle or not having experience in keeping dogs.
It is interesting! The Japanese smiley dog that blew up the world wide web with touching photos is Siba Inu named Maru.
Tosa Inu (Japanese fighting dog, Toza, Sumo dog)
- The official name is Tosa Inu.
- Classification FCI - group 2, section 2, standard number 260.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 55–60 cm or more.
Japan, like England, became famous for its bloody sport - dog fighting. With the beginning of the export of dogs from Japan and into its territory, the owners of fighting dogs found with disappointment that Japanese fighters are smaller and weaker than English ones. Indeed, who could compare with the power of the Old English Mastiff or Bulldog.
Hurt the honor of the Japanese was restored, after removing the fearless Tosa Inu. By matings of the European Molossians and Japanese dogs, an invincible giant was prepared, ready to fight to the death. Today, Tosa Inu is the property of Japan, it is almost impossible to remove a purebred puppy from the country. In the homeland of these giants, the dogfights are held today under the legal banner, and participation in them Tosa Inu is an unshakable tradition.
It is interesting! Tosa Inu goes into battle in silence, ruthlessly attacks, and then crushes the opponent with a weight. Japan did not cancel dog fights, but it moved to a more “humane level” of these events - serious lacerations and the death of participants is an unacceptable violation of the rules. If one of the fighters deliberately bit the opponent, he will be disqualified.
Samurai dogs need serious, step-by-step and gentle upbringing. In this case, the owner must establish a leadership position in the pack, without humiliating the pet. Tosa Inu can not be called extremely active, but the dog needs daily loads. Since the breed belongs to large, normalized training and quality nutrition in the first year of life plays a very important role in the development of the puppy.
Hokkaido (Ainu, Ainu-ken, Set, Shita)
- The official name is Hokkaido.
- FCI Classification - Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 261.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 45–52 cm.
According to historical data, the age of the breed is more than 3 tons. Arriving in Japan with the nomadic Ainu tribes, the dogs accompanied their owners in all their vicissitudes. The tribes used tetrapods to guard and hunt large animals. Since the breed has long remained “mothballed,” its basic skills have survived to this day.
Hokkaido has a pretty pretty appearance and unexpectedly tough disposition. The dog selflessly protects its territory, does not tolerate outsiders, does not get along well with other animals. The breed is not recommended for keeping in an apartment and a large seme. The owner of Hokkaido must be ready to defend the “rank” of the leader, and not just once. After establishing the hierarchy, the dog becomes more docile and faithfully serves its man.
Important! Hokkaido preserved hunting skills, prone to escapes, if they consider the game. By the way, fences for dogs are not a barrier, Hokkaido is very strong and bouncy.
Shikoku (Shikoku, Kochi-ken, Mikawa-inu)
- The official name is Shikoku.
- FCI Classification - Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 261.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 43–55 cm.
Sparse hunting breedwhich is bred for fishing on a large animal. Athletic folded dogs of medium size can be kept in the apartment, subject to prolonged walking and active training. Shikoku's dedicated character regularly “suffers” from developed hunting instincts. The scent and hearing of the caudate are so well developed that the four-footed can smell the game long before it appears in sight. In a city setting, Shikoku can hunt hares, squirrels and cats. The owner should not let the pet off the leash if working on the team “To me” is in doubt.
Japanese Terrier (Nihon Terrier, Mikado Terrier, Oyuki Terrier)
- The official name is Japanese Terrier.
- FCI Classification - Group 3, Section 2, Standard No. 259.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 30–33 cm.
A terrier is a hunting dog working in a burrow. The breed with an unexpected appearance for Japanese breeds is a short-haired, with semi-erect ears and an elongated posture. In Japan, burrowing was not developed, but terriers brought by Dutch merchants aroused the interest of Japanese breeders. Having decided to create their own breed, with the appearance of a terrier and the temper of a companion, the breeders mixed the blood of the Italian Greyhounds, Pointer and Fox Terriers with imported hunting dogs. Whether Japanese breeds participated in breeding work is unknown. Received Japanese terriers are not only recognized in their homeland, but also declared a national treasure.
It is interesting! The Japanese Terrier is the only breed that is allowed to be taken out of the country, despite the status of national heritage.
The breed is very rare in the world, in Europe there are not a dozen dogs in the livestock. Japanese terriers were initially bred as pets, even apartment dogs, so I have a lively disposition, but almost lost my hunting skills. Tailed are very clean, short-haired, odorless and unpretentious to care - the perfect pet for a working owner. The only caveat concerns the activity of dogs, they need a long walking and active leisure.
- The official name is Japanese Chin.
- Classification FCI - group 9, section 8, standard number 206.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: about 25 cm.
Japanese hin is the second most famous four-legged representative of Japan in the world. (first - Akita). The breed is in the same section with the Pekingese, since dogs can have a common ancestor and are similar in appearance. Like Pekingese, Japanese hin, even in ancient times, was surrounded by royal attention. Breeding breed was carried out intentionally, but not to say that the exterior of quadrupeds has changed a lot.
It is interesting! Perhaps the name of the breed comes from the word "chi" - a jewel.
Puppies of the royal dogs were evaluated in fabulous sums, and even with the money, the pet was not so easy to buy. Tailed could be obtained as a gift, for great services to the ruler. Even in ancient times, the quins were considered adorning sofa dogs, although they were assigned divine "functions". Over time, the breed became a national treasure, and the export of dogs to Europe began only in the XIX century.
It is interesting! In Japan, and today there are kennels "under power", though puppies of them are not sold.
Debutants, brought to Europe and America, quickly overgrown with attention breeders. However, it existed in the breed and minus - miniature size reduced the survival of litters and breeding bitches. European breeders intentionally increased the size of the breed. Expansion of breeding activity went (and goes) slowly. The Japanese Chin bitches at best give birth to a 3-4 puppy, which (fortunately) reduces the risks of business breeding.
Note! Purebred Japanese quins are a rarity today. If you decide to buy a puppy and do not want to be deceived, contact only officially registered kennels.
Japanese Spitz (Nihon-Spitz)
- The official name is Japanese Spitz.
- FCI Classification - Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 262.
- Origin and patronage - Japan.
- Dimensions: 28–36 cm.
The Japanese Spitz is a descendant of the German Spitz (big) and its smaller version. The dogs, bred in Germany, were exported all over Europe, came to China, and from there to Japan - at least, this is the official version. With a small "raw material base", Japanese breeders began to deliver Spitz from the USA and Canada. After the breeding of the Eskimo Spitz (USA), it was also included in the breeding work. To summarize, we can say that the Japanese Spitz is a mix of all known dogs of this type in the period 1900-1920.
Note! The so-called Eskimo smile and white fluffy wool does not make the Japanese Spitz and Samoyed like relatives. Dogs are really a bit alike, but have no common ancestors.
The breed quickly gained popularity and this is understandable - an average, pretty dog with well-developed guarding skills, is quite rare for Japan. Commercial breeding increased livestock, but took away guarding skills from spitz and very soon, dogs were viewed as “sofa”. The reverse process began with the active urbanization of Japan, the spitz were too big for decorative dogs, and from the point of view of working functions they were no longer considered.
The cyclically evolving story again “lifted” the Japanese Spitz at the end of the 20th century. However, rapid breeding was revived only in Japan. This is explained by the existence of similar in appearance American and German Spitz, who occupied a niche of decorative cuties in "their" countries.
It is interesting! Twitter was conquered by Shunsuke's Japanese Dog, whose photo was uploaded by the owner. Search engines exploded with constipation about the breed of such an original pet. The children's excitement led to the birth of rumors about a new Japanese breed. In fact, Shunsuke is a Pomeranian Spitz, like its “colleague,” Facebook's star, the dog Bu.
Japanese dog breeds with names and brief characteristics
Dog breeds come from Japan - the smallest group. A feature of this group is the uniformity and some similarity of all breeds. Basically, all Japanese dog breeds have the following common features: a wedge-shaped head, a ring-tail, covered with thick hair, triangular ears, standing upright.
An article with photos and titles, as well as the main characteristics and features of each will help you decide which of the Japanese breeds to make your friend and companion.
Ainu (hokkaido ken)
The breed was bred by the inhabitants of the Hokaydo Islands in ancient times and became the ancestor of many Japanese dog breeds. Ainu was used by hunters of the same name tribe to hunt deer, a bear and the now extinct wolf. The dogs also served as guards for dwellings and camps for anglers and hunters. Representatives of this breed are very few around the world. The disappearance of the breed is connected with the ban on its export from Japan, therefore it is almost impossible to restore the population by the efforts of the world community of dog breeders.
Ainu is a breed of high intelligence. She quickly learns commands and even understands simple human speech, is easily guided in unfamiliar terrain. Possessing the guard and guard instincts, the Ainu is always on the alert, but there is no barking over trifles.
The character of the dog is proud and independent, therefore it is rather difficult to establish close contact with it. The training of this breed is beyond the power of an inexperienced and mild person. Raising Ainu requires a certain approach, perseverance. At the same time, playing with a person and getting a portion of affection from him does not leave the Ainu. The goodwill of the dog may suddenly be replaced by a fit of rage towards a stranger if the dog suddenly feels threatened by him.
The shikoku breed in Japan is also known by the names of koti-ken and koti-inu. At home, this breed is quite popular, but the world is almost unknown. The Japanese dog breed received its main name from the eponymous island of Shikoku, on the territory of which it was bred. The original name of the Tosa-Inu breed coincided with another breed of fighting dogs, so its use in relation to this breed has ceased.
Shikoku appearance has much in common with the wolf. Representatives of this breed have an independent, independent character, behave arrogantly and arrogantly in relation to strangers and other animals in the house. The same attitude will be to the owner, if he does not show the firmness of character in the training and education of the puppy. From the first day of the appearance of Shikoku in the family, it is necessary to establish the rules of its behavior. The dog should not feel like a leader, a leader.
Keeping such a dog in an apartment is not recommended. An ideal place for Shikoku is a country house with a spacious plot. The dog needs daily active exercise. If the breed is used by the host as an assistant in the hunt, walks into the forest should begin with 3-4 months. The development of hunting skills is carried out in an open area in a game form with the help of hidden objects.
The Japanese are proud of this ancient breed, calling it the "Treasure of Japan." Akita Inu is not a “plush animal,” talking cute to everyone. This is a dog of one owner, faithful only to him and performing only his commands. Akita Inu loves all family members and plays with them with pleasure, protects them in the event of a threat, but only on their own initiative. Only the owner can give commands to this dog, and he will obey him unconditionally.
Proper education of Akita Inu is a rather complicated and long process. The desire for leadership is manifested in this breed for almost two years. The basis of training is the correct socialization of the dog, the suppression of excessive aggression towards strangers in it.
Akita-inu is not quite suitable for keeping in an apartment, although many city dwellers still get them in their homes. In this case, the owner is burdened by active walking of the dog 2-3 times a day. With sufficient physical activity, the dog becomes balanced and calm at home.
Apartment pets are often bathed, although this procedure is not desirable for self-cleaning Akita Inu wool. Шерсть собаки достаточно вычёсывать раз в неделю и обрабатывать противопаразитарными средствами. Питание акита-ину может быть натуральным или состоять из сухого корма с пониженным содержанием жира. Собаку нельзя перекармливать, поскольку это приведёт к ожирению и спровоцирует развитие болезней суставов.
Shiba Inu - the notorious smiling dog, descended from wild dogs of small size, appreciated by hunters for the briskness and ability to wade even in the thickest bushes. Externally, the breed does not stand out from the entire group of Japanese dogs, but differs from them in smaller growth (up to 41 cm). Another distinctive feature of the breed is the special structure of the lips with highly elevated corners, which seem to be stretched in a good-natured smile.
At first glance, a shiba inu may seem unsociable and stubborn. But with close intercourse, you understand that this dog is not characterized only by violent manifestations of feelings. She will not jump for joy when the host appears, demand affection from family members, so in the homeland she is compared to samurai: restrained and calm in any situation. At the same time the dog is boundlessly devoted to the owner and loves all the inhabitants of the house. The dog plays and caresses the mood, so in the house she must have a place for solitude.and it is better not to let small children to her.
They rarely make contact with strangers, but do not show obvious aggression towards them. If there is no threat from a stranger to a family member, the dog will prefer to stay away from him. But aggression to an obsessive guest is almost guaranteed: if this dog did not approach the stranger itself, it is better not to iron it and not even to talk in it. Moreover, the shiba-inu is older, the more necessary to keep a distance, being near her.
Kishu-Inu (Kishu-ken, Kisyu, Kishu-ken) is an ancient breed whose original purpose was to hunt wild boar and deer, as well as to protect the house and property. At present, this breed is practically not used as a hunting breed, but working qualities, if desired, can be developed in it.
Kishu Inu has a high intelligence and quickly remembers all the teams, but it will not be easy to raise it. The dog is capricious and inclined to make independent decisions, therefore obedience from it can be achieved by a strict and strong-willed person.. At the same time in training it is necessary to combine hardness with tenderness and tenderness: this dog will not work without praise.
The breed gets along well with children, but only if they do not tease her and do not intentionally annoy her. The best place to keep a quiche-inu is a country house, where a spacious aviary and a comfortable booth are organized. In a city apartment, a dog may also feel fine: it is unpretentious in care, cleanly, does not smell "dog". The only condition of detention in a confined space is frequent and long walks with jogging, games and other active physical exercises.
Akita Inu (Japanese Akita)
One of the largest representatives. Few people know that this teddy and playful bear is actually a hunting dog with which they went to boars. According to standards, height at withers is 70 cm, weight can reach up to 55 kg. The International Canine Federation FCI allows three colors:
- red with a white mask on the face, a white spot on the chest and paws,
- snow white
- brindle with white.
Akita will protect all family members, but only on their own initiative. This is a faithful, faithful to one master dog. Despite the desire for leadership, it is easy to train.
Price puppy - from 30 000 rubles.
Bred on the island of Honshu and is recognized as the national wealth of Japan. One of the smallest Asian dogs, with excellent hunting qualities. It is appreciated in hunting for wild birds (pheasants, ducks). Black and tan, red, snow white and so-called “sesame” colors are recognized.
Siba needs early socialization. It is believed that if you do not teach a puppy to people before it reaches three weeks of age, then it will never get used to it in the future. Even well-socialized individuals, despite loyalty to the owner, from time to time show that they will do fine without him. Smart, cunning, self-willed. Alert and curious. Playful and always try to take part in fun with children. However, the games of other dogs prefer to watch from the sidelines.
You can buy a puppy “for yourself” from 40,000 to 50,000 rubles, for breeding and exhibitions - from 75,000 rubles.
Kai (Kai-Inu, Torah, Ryuku)
Originally Japanese, rare breed. Referred to a subgroup of Asian Spitz. Entered in the register of FCI in 1982. Bred in the northern province of Yambaru for hunting wild boars. The height at the withers reaches a maximum of 55 cm for males and 52 cm for females.
Kai has coarse, double wool with a soft and thick undercoat. Puppies are born monotonous, color appears later. The name means “tiger dog” and in the photos you can see that the dog really looks like a tiger. The color can be red-brindle or black-brindle (genetically dominant).
Torah is a calm, clean dog, a great companion, tied to only one family member. It has excellent security and protective qualities. Strong-willed, capable of making independent decisions in emergency situations. In the event of a threat, he will defend the “leader” even at the cost of his life.
"Working" hunting dogs need early socialization, training. Active, need constant physical exertion.
Shikoku (koti-inu or koti-ken)
Rare breed even in the historic homeland. This fierce-looking dog, which looks like a wolf, was bred in the Middle Ages to hunt wild boars and deer. Leaping, fast, moves well in the mountains, is known for its good protective qualities. In 1937, the canine organization Nippo recognized the breed as a nature sanctuary in Japan, and in 1982, FCI entered the international list of Shikoku.
The character is capricious, often can be ignored by the team, so the Kochi-inu needs an experienced host with strong leadership qualities. Easy to learn, attentive, workable.
Important! Shikoku need a fenced area, otherwise they can escape. Do not tolerate being on a leash.
Kishu (pussy, pussyu inu, pussyou-ken)
Primitive hunting dog used for hunting wild boar. It has a typical “Japanese” exterior: a tightly wavy tail bagel, a wedge-shaped head, erect ears.
Interesting: the locals believe that kisyu-ken are descended from wolves. Once a long time ago a hunter found a wounded wolf in the forest and left her, asking in return for one of her young. The she-wolf fulfilled her promise and gave the male wolf cub. It was this little wolf and became the progenitor of all kitty-inu.
Hokkaido (Ainu-ken or set)
The indigenous people of Hokkaido bred them for hunting for bears. During the Second World War, Ainu-ken were trained and used as intelligence dogs. Set determined the location of the enemy camp, passed the information to the headquarters.
They have a very strong hunting instinct, they can fight with a beast ten times their own weight. Thanks to the stiff, thick hair perfectly adapted to the snowy winter.
Noble, intelligent and hardy animals. Prone to destructive behavior, and therefore require constant physical exertion.
Recognized by japan
These breeds were bred on the territory of the country and received international vocation from FCI and local cynological associations, however, they are not considered to be originally Japanese.
Pekingese are considered ancestors, but there are rocks obtained from Spaniels. Small, graceful, with a wide muzzle. Covered with a long, silky and straight coat with poorly developed undercoat.
Hing is the perfect companion that easily adapts to any lifestyle owner. Delicate, friendly, but do not tolerate familiarity from others. Easy to train if they are constantly encouraged.
Tip: Hins are considered food dogs, i.e. those who are trained with the help of treats. However, this statement is erroneous. In fact, this breed categorically does not like to study for food and this often becomes the cause of misunderstanding between the pet and its owner.
Ideal for content in an apartment and barks very rarely. Lives well with animals and tolerates children.
You can buy a hin puppy for 25,000 rubles or more.
Tosa Inu (Japanese Mastiff)
Tosa Inu were bred as a result of crossing local breeds with European mastiffs, Great Dane, St. Bernard and Bulldog. The goal was to get pets for dog fights that are popular in the land of the rising sun - resistant, strong, silent, powerful, enduring, and malicious.
Japanese mastiffs - a serious fighting breed. They do not put up with other pets, they hardly recognize the leadership of a person, are stubborn and therefore do not suit beginner breeders. Only experienced breeders with strong leadership skills can cope with Tosa Inu.
Japanese Terrier (Mikado Terrier, Kobe Terrier)
Rare breed even for historic homeland. Sensitive, kind companion. This small (from 30 to 38 cm at the withers) dog is very careful, fast and energetic. Does not like when he raise his voice. It has excellent hearing, therefore, is considered a good guard dog, despite its size.