Cultivating goslings at home is considered a profitable business. Adult birds are used for two purposes - for meat or for eggs. Nestlings reach adulthood in 4-6 months. From the first days they need the right care for the majority to survive. Novice poultry farmers need to remember the rules and recommendations that will help take good care of the goslings. If they are followed, the kids will grow up healthy, and they can be used for their purpose.
Care in the first days
Chicks are born out of an egg for about 28-30 days. Not everyone can hatch, and sometimes a person’s help is required to extract the bird from the shell. For healthy individuals need good care so that they do not get sick and die. Therefore, the cultivation of goslings from the first day should be correct.
The newly emerged babies should be divided into weak and strong, and then transferred to a warm place. The temperature should be about + 30 ° C. If there is a hen, then the strong chicks should be attributed to it after 3 days, and the weak ones should be left for another couple of days for them to strengthen.
Newborns to keep in a separate place from adults. The first ten days for one square meter of pen should be ten heads. Three weeks later, the territory will increase, now by 1 square. meter settle no more than 3-4 chicks. When the birds are crowded, they are uncomfortable to eat and drink, the drinking bowl quickly becomes polluted, which is why the young begin to get sick. If you do not increase the aviary, the case is possible
The question of how to care for goslings at home, worries many beginning poultry farmers. Immediately after birth, give the young ones to dry, and a day later try to feed. The first food will be corn grits and a boiled egg. Giving fresh grass and chopped grains, past heat treatment can be already 3 days. Food should be crumbly, glued version is unacceptable.
It is necessary to ensure that all birds eat. Individuals who refuse to eat, feed in a separate box.
Kids need water. They can not only drink it, but also swim in it practically from the first days. However, it is undesirable that they now splash in liquid. Therefore, it is better to install a vacuum drinker, which they do not turn over.
Begin to take the kids to walk, when they get a little stronger, they will stand well on their paws and actively move. It will happen in about a week. It will be useful for them to spend 20-30 minutes in the meadow, where they can eat grass and get some fresh air. Portable enclosure will be a good help for a small livestock. The chicks actively peck the grass, because it is their main diet. If it is not possible to release a bird in a pond, install wide tanks. In hot weather, geese will swim, which will greatly facilitate their maintenance.
If the content of the goslings is at a decent level, the chicks will gain weight in about 60 days. Two months after birth, they already weigh between 3 kg and more. At three months of age, the bird can be cut. At this time, body fat is very small, and the meat is tender and juicy. The geese will finally be older 5 months after hatching.
Proper nutrition for goslings
Growing goslings at home will be successful if properly fed. The first few days after birth is recommended to give feed mixtures.
In their composition should be:
- cottage cheese,
- split peas,
- oat groats.
Mix in moist green fodder, as well as potatoes and pumpkin. After three weeks, offer chicks food waste.
In order for the birds to grow up healthy, it is necessary to add vitamins A, D, E, B. Pay attention that they already contain in some feeds. To strengthen the immune system, dilute several grams of biomitsin and penicillin in a glass of milk, adding some sugar. In this form, give antibiotics to chicks.
Do not forget about the mandatory walking. Fresh green grass is an excellent source of vitamins. If it is not possible to send the kids to the meadow, then independently tear the grass and throw in the aviary. Then the question of how to grow goslings at home healthy and strong, will be simplified.
Where and how to contain?
For growing goslings at home, pick a special place. Prepare a separate, well-heated room. The temperature of the first week to keep not lower than 30 ° C. With age, this will not be so important, but for now the babies must be kept warm. On day 6 of life, reduce the temperature to 24 ° C, and on day 11 to 20 ° C. Grown up chicks do not overheat, otherwise their development will slow down. As for humidity, its limit is 75%. In this case, good ventilation is required. Provide fresh air, ventilate the room several times a day.
Do not turn off the lights for 14 hours a day. In the light of the chicks eat more and grow faster. If there is no light at night, then it will be difficult for them to find their bowls to refresh themselves.
Information on growing goslings at home for beginners will be useful. The above tips and advice will warn against errors. Although the correct care of chicks is a painstaking matter, but it will help grow healthy youngsters.
How to breed and grow geese at home for beginners?
First, let's talk about breeding geese at home. The specificity of the geese is that they can not be grown in cages like chickens. This explains the fact that their livestock is much smaller. It is advisable to breed this bird in the event that there is a place for their walking nearby - a pasture with a pond (a river or a lake). For geese need space. They have to walk a lot, move. Because of this, their meat is darker than chicken (there are more blood vessels in the muscles).
Breed geese for breeding
The most common breeds are as follows:
Large gray geese - weigh 6-7 kg. Egg production 37-47 eggs. Eggs are large - 150-200 g. Very hardy.
Chinese geese - live weight reaches 5 kg. Egg production - 50-60 pieces per year with a weight of 130-170 g. Hardy, but aggressive in nature.
Lindovskaya breed - The mass of adult geese is 7-8 kg. Egg production is 45-50 eggs with an average weight of 120-140 g.
Kuban - domestic breed. Egg production - 80-90 eggs per year. The average live weight is 4.5-5.5 kg.
Kholmogorsky - weigh more than other breeds - 8-10 kg. But egg production is 30-40 eggs per year, but their weight is more than 200 g. They are calm and non-aggressive.
Italian geese - are characterized by high productivity of meat. Live weight - from 6 to 7 kg. Egg production - up to 50 eggs per year.
Toulouse - French breed. It is considered the largest with a weight of 10 kg or more. Egg production - 30-40 eggs per year with an egg mass of 190-210 g. They are calm and not mobile, well and quickly fed.
Emden Geese weigh 8-9 kg. Egg production is low.
Rhine - bred in Germany. According to its characteristics are similar to emdenskie.
Breeding geese on the farm. Different breeds.
Breeding chickens from geese is better with a hen, than in the incubator. However, if in a poultry farm only one hen, then broods receive a maximum of 13-14 heads, since the eggs are large. If you still choose this method of obtaining chicks, then first create the necessary conditions. Temperature indoors supported at the level of 14-15 degrees.
It should be dry and well ventilated, but without drafts. Nest for goose make spacious. Be sure to separate it from other livestock and partition off the nests between themselves (if there are several hens). Keep hens apart from other geese. This is due to the fact that the geese can, during the absence of the future mother, carry eggs into the already hatched clutch. Thus, the period of getting the goslings will stretch in time, which is very bad for their further development.
We follow the dryness in the nest. An accidentally broken egg must be urgently removed and wiped out the remaining ones. The need to make partitions between the nests is explained by the fact that in the absence of one hen the other rolls several eggs towards itself, since their maternal instinct is very developed.
We make sure that when the hens return to the nest after the necessary exercise, eating and water procedures, they occupy their nests, and not confuse them with the neighboring ones. During the hatching, the water in the future mom's water bowl is changed daily in order to avoid her diarrhea and we feed only selected grain. The hen itself will take care of all the processes during incubation.
She rolls the eggs in the nest for even heating. If for some reason the goose does not return to the nest after eating for 20 minutes, it will be driven to the nest. This happens mostly with a bird sitting on eggs for the first time.
The first chicks appear on the 28th day. After that, they are taken from the nest, placed in a separate box, dashed by a lamp, creating the desired temperature. After all the chicks are born, they are returned to the goose. In the first two days, mommy can put several chicks out of eggs hatched in the incubator. Do it in the evening.
Catch geese chicks in the incubator harder than chicks. This is due to the fact that goose eggs contain a lot of fat and are large in themselves. If more than 70% of chicks hatched from one tab, this is a good result. Several features of incubating goose eggs:
- taken away within 10 days - no more
- 3-4 hours before bookmark the incubator is heated with an elevated temperature of 39 degrees,
- taken away only healthy perfect shape eggs,
- you can not wash them, but disinfection can be done by spraying with a light solution of potassium permanganate,
- the first 4-5 hours after laying the temperature in the incubator kept at 38 degrees. Further reduced to 37.8. The last couple of days it is reduced to 37.5 degrees
- eggs turn 6-8 times a day in order to avoid sticking of the shell to the mesh or mold and for uniform heating,
- to prevent the accumulation of harmful gases, the incubator after 15 days of laying periodically open for 10 minutes for airing.
How to care, grow and maintain goslings
It is extremely important to take care of the goslings at home from the first days of life.
With the beginning of life, the goslings' immune system is formed and strengthened. therefore it is important to make a balanced dietto grow a large and healthy bird. For each period of growth and development of your diet. The feeding of newly hatched goslings is also extremely important.
Caring for geese in the first days of life
When caring for goslings at home for the first 5-7 days, chicks should be given yolk of boiled eggs. It is well absorbed by the immature body of goslings. When feeding, it is recommended to add greens. Better ate this green onion feather. It is finely crumbled and mixed with the yolk. During the first two days, the hatched goslings are fed 7-8 times a day.. It depends on this whether you can grow healthy geese.
We make sure that the aviary where they are kept is dry.
Care in the first weeks: how to grow healthy geese
Gradually, the diet is diversified with herbs and increases its presence in the feed. In addition to green onions give alfalfa, clover. We monitor the presence of clean water in drinking bowls. Gradually introduce boiled potatoes and corn porridge into the diet.
Drinkers replace more bulkso the goslings can swim in them. They turn into small ponds. To do this, use pots or bowls, but with low sides. This is a prerequisite.
Presence in food of necessary quantity of nutrients and vitamins will be provided by the cut root vegetables and vegetables. If we cook porridge for goslings, they should not be too liquid. It is recommended to give more dry food.
Three-week goslings are gradually being transferred to pasture. It is advisable that they graze in the pen in the open air. Together with the grass they eat feed and crushed grain.
Care in the first months
How to care for goslings at home? From this period, goslings are intensively fed with mixed fodder, grain, sunflower cake and greens. They are grazed in an open small pond without a strong current. In addition to grass, they eat algae, which has a positive effect on the development and build-up of live weight.
The proportion of green to all other feed should be 1-1.3: 1. That is, greens give more. In this case, the content of the goslings will be cheaper and it will not affect the collection of live weight.
Winter hardiness of breeding geese
Choice of aviary for goose farming
Depending on the number of livestock choose the appropriate room. In the early days, goslings are kept in cardboard boxes on the veranda, in the summer kitchen. Then they are given a place in the house, a barn. It must be well ventilated (ventilation) and warm, drafts are unacceptable. It is necessary to exclude the possibility of penetration of predatory animals there, primarily rats.
Straw and chaff are used as litter. The litter is changed every 2-3 days to keep it dry. This will save the still young chicks from disease and hypothermia. The presence of a window in the room - a prerequisite. Geese love to be in a closed dark space only at the time of sleep.
After 40 days they are grazed near reservoirs. But while they are not strong, and are not able to defend themselves, the presence of a person is necessary. As soon as the live weight reaches an average of 2 kg (depending on the breed), geese let go on their own for grazing.
It is better to do this in the early morning - the grass is then juicy and nutritious. Geese themselves find food. They are perfectly oriented in space, so they can easily find their way home. Adults geese cut wings so that they do not fly away.
Daily temperature and lighting
In the first week of life, the temperature is maintained at 28-30 degrees. If the natural ambient temperature is not enough, heating with heaters or lamps that, besides light, give heat to the room. Temperature is measured at the level of the litter.
Gradually reduce it to 22-24 degrees. And after three weeks, if the weather permits, we transfer the goslings to the mode of life in natural conditions. In general, adult geese are rather hardy birds due to their fat, high body weight and warm plumage.
They freely maintain temperature to minus 15 degrees. Illumination should be sufficient to maintain normal conditions with an increased light day (more than 14 hours). Lamps are used for this purpose.
Conditions for breeding and keeping geese
The main condition for the size of the room for goslings is that it should not be cramped in it.
Provide their free access to food and water. When the young grow up, in the afternoon it is recommended to release it in specially blocked pens in the open air. At night, they are in the barn (goose).
Goose rearing period
Now find out how many geese grow. If daily chicks have a weight of only 100 grams, then after 5 months their weight reaches 5-6 kg. On average, this bird is gaining more than one kilogram per month. In order for the geese to be healthy, and the live weight reached good weight indicators, you need to carefully and carefully monitor their diet.
The weight of adult geese of different breeds varies from 4.5 kg to 10 and above. If you plan to breed geese for meat, then it is advisable to keep them up to two or three months of age. During this period, they gain 50% of the mass of one-year-old adult birds. Further weight gain is suspended.
Goose eggs: how much can you eat and how useful
Depending on the breed, geese give from 30 to 90 eggs per year. They are distinguished by their size (up to two hundred and twenty grams) and thick shells. They can be eaten and useful, but due to the fact that they contain a lot of fat, they should be eaten in moderation. Eggs of geese were eaten by our ancestors 7 thousand years ago. This is the first domesticated bird.
100 g of raw eggs contain 185 kcal, including proteins and fats - more than 13 g. They contain vitamins K, D, E, A, B, micro and macro elements. Their use has a positive effect on brain activity and the urogenital system, the elimination of toxins. Goose egg is widely used in cooking and cosmetology.
Now you know that breeding and keeping geese at home is beneficial. After all, in addition to the quick return of meat, geese provide us with eggs and down. For successful cultivation of geese it is advisable to have pasture and open water. In this case, with adequate care and proper nutrition, their content will pay for itself many times. Perhaps even in the future, gussing will become the main source of your income.
Hardly hatched goslings need light and heat. Drafts and stale, wet bedding cause many diseases, death, so you need to take care in advance of preparing the room for the young. In the early days, goslings should be kept in specially equipped brooders, boxes or fences in isolation from the rest of the herd, maintaining the required temperature. Conditions of detention for chicks hatching in an incubator, under the hen, acquired in markets or farms are different.
Одно из главных правил: не стоит покупать птицу у случайных людей, на базарах или уличных рынках, где высок риск приобрести выбракованные, слабенькие экземпляры, больных гусят, которые если и выживут, то не смогут оправдать вложенных в их выращивание средств. Под вопросом и вакцинация, которая в крупных хозяйствах проводится в обязательном порядке.
Как правило, проклевываться из яйца птенец начинает через 28 дней. Some cope with the task on their own, getting out of the shell without someone else's help. Those who cannot be “born” within a few hours need the help of a person. To do this, you should very carefully break the shell with tweezers so that the chick can spread its legs and stretch out to its full height.
- Goslings are transferred to a room equipped for them under the lamps so that they dry.
- The first feeding - after 2-3 hours, when they dry out and begin to move carefully. It is best to give them chopped boiled eggs in the first days.
- In the drinkers should always be boiled warm water, it is recommended to add manganese to disinfect.
- Well, if there is an opportunity to install bathing tanks - the goslings love the “bath” very much.
- Drinkers should be filled to a height of no more than 1 cm so that the goslings are not “purchased”: they are exposed to this danger at the initial stage, just like chickens.
It should immediately be separated from each other by well-developed, mobile, large goslings and their weaker comrades who eat poorly, barely move, prefer to nap. Probably, they will need an enhanced diet and the additional introduction of vitamins to the feed. Separately should be kept and kids with signs of diseases, treatment of which should begin immediately.
To let go out of the incubator for walks on warm sunny days from the second week of life. The duration of the first walks - no more than 30 minutes. After two or three days, walks are gradually extended to 2 hours, by the age of one month - to 4-6. Be sure to take care of the safety of grazing, the absence of dangerous plants on it, places from which predators can attack. Goslings are defenseless, even cats are a threat to them, so care should be taken to enclose the place where the kids are released, even covering the top with a sturdy net.
Do not leave the bird unattended: kids are very curious, love to look for opportunities to escape, often stuck in the cracks of fences and grid cells, choking.
After the goslings are 1 month old, they can be transferred to free pasture maintenance, that is, they can be released into the meadow for the whole day.
The goslings that the hen raised out almost do not need people's care. If necessary, mom will take care of timely assistance, warm the chicks, show what and how to eat.
- Already on day 3, the goose breeds to the pasture, carefully guarding it from any danger.
- At this time, you should pay attention to weakened goslings, which are better isolated from the rest, ensuring proper feeding and treatment.
- Often, the pack leader also comes to the aid of the goose, and the adults do not show aggression towards the babies.
Goslings badly need fresh air, clean water and food in sufficient quantities for normal growth and development. Rain, wind, dampness lead to colds, infections. It is not necessary at this time to take young animals for walks, in the room it will be safer. If a goose takes care of the offspring, it will protect them from the weather, not relying on people.
One of the causes of disease and death of young animals becomes crowded goslings in cramped. Requirements for the corral, where the geese grow up, are quite tough.
- Up to 1 month, no more than 10 goslings can be placed freely on 1 square meter.
- From 30 to 60 days - no more than 4.
- After 2 months, 1 pair of birds is placed on each square meter.
- The room should protect young birds from the draft, the cold.
- To protect against rain, you need a reliable canopy.
- The floor is necessarily warm, not accumulating damp, with a litter.
- Air vents for fresh air are another indispensable condition.
Temperature and light modes
For goslings in the first days of life, the temperature is very important, they do not tolerate vibrations, therefore it is recommended to maintain:
- from 1 to 6 days - not below 28 degrees,
- from 6 to 14 days - 24 - 26 degrees,
- from 14 to 25 days - not less than 18.
Not less than 14 hours should be light day, although many owners prefer to maintain lighting for 24 hours during the first week of life goslings.
If the young grow up with a goose, everything is much simpler: the mother will warm the goslings and cover them from the rain. Therefore, the hen is always preferable to keeping it separate from the mother.
- The first feeding should be carried out 2 hours after birth. Crushed boiled egg, slightly diluted with boiled water, with the addition of semolina - from 1 to 4 days, daily 6-8 feedings.
- Then up to 10 days - egg, cottage cheese, greens (chopped onion is better), feed 7 times.
- From the 10th day you can begin to introduce crushed grain, wet mash of bran, cereals, greens (at least 15 percent of the total amount of food). At this time, goslings begin to eat porridge with appetite (millet, corn, millet), legumes, boiled potatoes.
- From 16 days, raw chopped root vegetables are introduced into the diet: beets, carrots, rutabaga, potatoes and others.
- From 1 month, the goslings are taken out to grazing, where they gladly absorb both greens and animals from reservoirs, if they are nearby.
- From 1 to 10 days each goose should eat about 80 grams of food per day: 50 - mixed fodder, crushed fruits, cereals, 30 - greens.
- From 11 to 22 - 50 gr. cereals, 110 - greens.
- From 21 to 30 - 100 gr. cereals, 200 - greens.
- From a month old - 200 gr. cereals, 300 - greens.
From 3 weeks it is good to introduce hay dust, mineral feed, cake, boiled fish, milk and cottage cheese for feeding.
In drinking bowls of goslings, there should always be clean, warm water, in which vitamins are dripping, in the first days of life, instead of water, they give a pinkish solution of manganese to avoid infections.
Goslings easily pick up all sorts of infections, many of which are disastrous for the entire herd.
- It is necessary to vaccinate a bird in the first hours of life, this will help to overcome most of the diseases.
- Babies are kept separately from adult birds.
- Any weakened baby is isolated immediately, as this can be the first alarming signal of trouble.
- 1 time per week to carry out disinfection in the room, daily carefully handle the feeders, drinkers.
Compliance with the heat and light conditions, the correct diet of feeding, timely vaccination and vitamin supplements will help make pets stronger, increase resistance.
How profitable is it to grow geese for meat at home? We talked about this in our article.
What to do if a chicken cannot lay an egg? Useful tips can be found here.
How is growing under the hen
If the farm has a goose - a hen, the owners are lucky.
- The goose takes care of the eggs, controlling the temperature, turning them over in time, checking the viability of the embryo and removing the “defective” eggs.
- It helps in spitting, freeing chicks from the shell.
- From the first minutes of life, babies under her careful control: feeding, heating, walking, protection.
- At this time, the owners need to ensure only the rest of the mother and give food to the kids along with the food (eggs, cereals, mash). Feed the feed should be in separate feeders.
- When the goslings are strong enough, the goose takes them to the first walk, choosing the safest places. She is very aggressive towards anyone who, from her point of view, is a threat. Both in the meadow and in the reservoir, goslings obediently fulfill all its requirements, learn to find grains, tasty grass, to catch small insects, fish.
At the age of 1.5–2 months, goslings become practically independent, but they still try not to depart far from the goose. Together with adults, they go to the pasture and come back in the evening, get used to the usual routine, do not fly away, “standing on the wing”, which greatly facilitates the work of the poultry farmers
With respect for the rules of care and maintenance of the owners of households, there are almost no losses when growing geese. Young animals give excellent weight gain, feeding mainly on greens, getting feed only with morning and evening feeding, if there is good grazing. So, not a single poultry farmer was disappointed, watching a fluffy yellow ball turn into a magnificent white bird weighing up to 15 kg in 6–8 months.
How to breed domestic geese: breeding
The main thing in the tribal selection is, of course, a good choice of the gander, since it is the producer of the main herd. There are many different signs that allow you to determine a good breeding gander.
How to breed geese on a home farm? First of all, pay attention to the cupric gland, located near the upper part of the tail, - "butyl", as people call it. If it is double, then this is the key to success. Feathers on the wings can serve as a good sign of the productivity of the gander: two small thin and sharp as an awl feathers. They should be different in length - a thin feather should be longer than a thick one. You can judge the quality of the goose and tail feathers: the number of tail feathers should not be less than eighteen. If they are 20 or 22, then this is just great.
A sign of a tribal gander can serve as its beak. The more bumps on the inner side of the upper jaw of the beak, the more productive the gander will be.
Breeding gander can be used for 4 years, and geese - 5-6 years. They can be kept longer, but then family ties are possible. For this reason, gander is better to replace every 3 years. Replacement can be done by exchanging eggs or diurnal young in another farm.
Geese begin to sweep in late February, early March. It is important not to miss the moment of laying the first egg. This is especially true for young geese. If the goose laid its first egg in the nest, then later, wherever it was, it would still come home to carry the egg. Eggs are removed from the nest daily. In this case, taking into account the egg production for each goose. On the egg, you can write in pencil the number, month, and even the number or nickname of the goose that carried it. Thus, the productivity of each goose and the number of fertilized eggs are monitored. The geese, in which they will be smaller compared to others, are replaced, and if all the eggs turn out to be unfertilized, then they change the gander.
Geese breeding for beginners: creating conditions for geese
In order to breed geese in accordance with all the rules of the poultry industry, it is important to create the necessary conditions for geese to hatch eggs.
At the end of February, with proper keeping and feeding, the geese begin egg-laying. Therefore, in early February, nests are arranged on the floor (one nest for every 2 geese). Nests inside lined with soft straw.
Record geese continue egg-laying in the summer, and the Chinese - sometimes in the fall.
When incubating eggs under the geese, it is necessary to have one nest for each goose size: width 50 cm, length - 75 cm, height of the front wall - 50 cm, height of the back - 75 cm. It is better to arrange control nests to account for the individual egg production of geese. Between the nests, solid partitions are arranged in order to avoid the fights of geese and the geese from rolling eggs from neighboring nests.
Usually geese rush in the morning. Supercooled eggs, as well as those stored at temperatures below 0 ° C or above 12 ° C, give reduced hatchability.
Usually geese start brooding when enough eggs are laid. The first year may be about 7, and later - from 10 to 15. One of the important conditions that novice poultry breeders need to take into account when breeding geese is to provide the geese with a warm room for the duration of their laying: then you should not worry that the eggs that were first torn down supercooled and it will badly affect the breeding of chicks. If the room is cold, then lay eggs to pick up in the house and keep them in a box, until the bird starts to hatch. When breeding domestic geese, remember: no matter how many eggs are laid by a goose, more than 13 pieces should not be enclosed, since it will be difficult for it to warm them. The rest of the eggs can be put under the chicken or turkey, and the bred goose can then be added to the general brood.
An important condition for breeding geese is the release of hens to walk on the pond. This is done approximately once every five days. Eggs at this time cover down. After a walk and swimming, the geese themselves come to their nests, they know their eggs well and will never sit on someone else’s nest. Wet after bathing feathers moisten eggs, which has a good effect on the breeding of young. If there is no reservoir near, then you can put a container with water for this. While walking geese nest inspect, if there are broken eggs, they are removed. Eggs in the nest are checked every 10–12 days.
Sometimes geese do not leave the nest for several days. In this case, they are carefully removed and brought to the stern and water. It is necessary to feed the geese-hens daily with whole grain or grain waste, best of all with oats or barley.
Goose eggs are hatched for about 28-30 days, sometimes hatching of goslings is delayed by 1-2 days.
Hatching goslings from the hen are not removed, but left until the umbilical cord is fully dried and drawn in. When the goslings dry completely, they are transplanted into a box and transferred to a room with a temperature of 26–28 ° C. When all the goslings hatch, they are brought to the goose. When replanting, it is necessary to trace whether the goose accepted the goslings so that they would not stay unheated overnight.
The video "Breeding geese" shows how to care for the hen while hatching eggs:
Cultivation of domestic geese: rearing without broods (with video)
If the farm brought out goslings by artificial incubation or simply purchased them, then up to the age of 20 days they are kept in a heated room. When caring for young geese when breeding birds without a hen, remember that in the first ten days the thermoregulation of the chicks is poorly developed, so they need a warm room and constant heating.
It is possible to judge how optimal the air temperature in the room is by the behavior of the goslings. If the air temperature is too high, the goslings look sluggish, eat poorly, drink a lot, open their beaks and lower their wings. With an insufficient amount of heat, goslings refuse to feed, keep in a tight pile. It should be remembered that with insufficient temperature their growth is delayed, and weak chicks die.
If the goslings are mobile, eat appetite with food, do not pile up, and during the rest 3-5 heads are grouped, which means that the temperature in the room is normal for them.
Goslings, as they grow, are placed in a spacious room, avoiding crowding, which makes it impossible to feed properly due to the inability to go to the troughs and feeders.
In addition, the crowding of birds increases the concentration of carbon dioxide, especially if the room is poorly ventilated.
When keeping goslings from the first day up to the 30-day age, they are placed by 8-10 heads, and after reaching the 70-day age - by 4 goals per 1 m2 of sex.
In the first six days, goslings need round-the-clock coverage. With an extended daylight level, they do not cluster around feeders, eat better, move more, and grow faster.
If during the first days of life the goslings managed to keep them, then later, with free range and proper feeding, you can not worry about them.
Depending on weather conditions and time of year, goslings are kept in a warm room for up to 1 month.
When the goslings are 5-7 days old, and it is warm enough outside, they are allowed to walk for 20-30 minutes. Then the length of the walking distance is increased, although in rainy weather the goslings do not let out at all: they have not yet learned to lubricate the feathers with fat, therefore, when they get wet, they overcool. This often leads to the death of goslings. At 3-4 weeks of age, goslings are released on the meadow or artificially sown pastures. Duration of pasture depends on weather conditions. If the weather is hot, goslings are released in the morning after the dew comes down and they graze before the onset of heat. With the onset of heat they are driven home. When the heat subsides, the goslings are again released to pasture. If there are watercourses and shady vegetation near the pasture, then with the onset of heat home goslings do not drive and they hide in the shadows. You can arrange for them and portable canopies, if there are no water bodies and suitable vegetation. Under the canopy put the trough with clean water. As the grass is eaten, canopies are transferred to another place.
Best of all, of course, instruct the adult geese, if they are available on the farm, to bring up the little goslings. This is done as follows: the goose is locked up, and the gander is allowed to go to the incubator goslings. Without a goose, he takes better goslings. Then, when the goose is released, it will also take care of the goslings. We can assume that success in preserving young stock is assured.
Watch the video "Breeding domestic geese", which shows how to care for the young without a hen:
Temperature and other conditions of keeping goslings
The biological feature of geese is a high growth rate at a young age. With the right content and good feeding, they gain a living weight from 100-120 g at a daily age to 4-4.5 kg in two months.
In the first week of life, the young need to be kept warm. The first 5 days the temperature in the room for keeping goslings should be 28-30 ° C, at the age of 5-10 days the temperature should be 25-28 ° C, at 11-15 days of age 24-25 ° C, and at the age of 16— 20 дней — 20—22 С. Если гусята выхаживаются гусыней и она их согревает, то дополнительного обогрева не требуется — она сама позаботится о своем потомстве и всему их научит.
В первые дни для кормления при содержании гусят используют кормушки в виде лотков, а с 20-дневного возраста их кормят из кормушек-корытец, так как в лотках они затаптывают корм, а к 30-дневному возрасту гусят переводят на общие кормушки, предназначенные для взрослых гусей.
Большое влияние на рост и развитие молодняка при уходе за гусятами оказывает продолжительность светового дня. In the first days of the goslings you can arrange around-the-clock lighting, then it is cut.
An important condition for keeping goslings is regular walking. In warm sunny weather, a brood at the age of 5-7 days is allowed to walk for a short time with the goose. If the little goslings cling to the mother, squeak, they should be immediately returned to the goose. In cold, wet weather, it is better to leave goslings in the goose, as they very poorly tolerate dampness and may die. From 2 months of age, goslings can be on the walk for a whole day. Rides equipped portable canopies to goslings was where to hide in the hottest time of the day.
Two to three days after the grass around is plucked, the canopy is transferred to another place with untouched grass.
In the backyard, in the absence of a reservoir, goslings can be grown without grazing.
A goose is admitted to the goose with a brood, which becomes a reliable protector and guardian for the goslings. It is not so easy to accustom goslings to it even with good care and proper maintenance. The main thing is to choose the right time: no later than the first two days of chick life. Gusak allowed to brood immediately, as they begin to drive the youngsters to pasture. The sooner the gander sees its chicks, the better its paternal reflexes will manifest. If the gander treats goslings aggressively, then they believe that he will not become a good father. You can change the gander to another, but it's better not to hurry: maybe after a few days he will get used to the goslings, and they have already seen and remembered him. Goslings follow the gander like a mother. Little goslings have a great memory. Cases are described where the week-old gosling fell by mistake into another herd and turned out to be a mile away from home, but by evening he was returning home.
As soon as warm weather is established, goslings from 2 months of age can be allowed on the water run. The brood is led by a goose, and a gander goes sideways, now and then, looking around, if the chicks are in danger. Under such guardianship of adult geese, goslings walk until late autumn.
If goose families are well-equipped, then the cultivation of goslings does not cause any special problems. The main thing when taking care of home goslings is to provide them in the early spring period with full feeding and protect them from wet cold weather.
Further described in detail how to feed the little goslings in the first days of life.
What to feed the little home goslings in the first days of life
Feeding goslings is usually done in the same way as feeding chickens. In the first days of life they are fed hard-boiled eggs, then - the same eggs, with the addition of crumbly porridge, fresh low-fat cottage cheese, finely chopped greens. In drinking bowls should be clean drinking water. Potassium permanganate is added to it once a day to obtain a pale pink stain or a weak solution of St. John's wort broth to prevent gastrointestinal diseases.
Table "Approximate ration for feeding goslings (g per 1 goal per day)":
Geese - the perfect choice of poultry for both experienced farmers and beginners. Adults are unpretentious in content and adapt well to any conditions. What can not be said about the chicks. However, breeding geese begins with the acquisition of young animals. You can buy goslings from local farmers or at the fair, but they will also be easy to bring them out under the hen or in an ordinary incubator. The main rule is to create the right comfortable conditions for them in the first days of life, when the goslings are most susceptible to the environment.
Acquired chicks are created the conditions necessary for their age. This includes the room temperature, the amount of light, and proper feeding. The daily goslings bred in the incubator are placed in a special brooder, where the necessary regime is also observed. After a few days they can be transplanted into a larger cage or box. If there are weak individuals, they are left in a brooder until full recovery.
It is necessary to keep the goslings in a warm dry room on a dense bedding of about 3-5 cm. It is best to use hay or soft straw. Be sure to have good ventilation. Before settling chicks, the room is thoroughly cleaned, washed with soda water or bleach. If the alleged place already contained a bird before, it is necessary to carry out disinfection. Before direct planting of young stock, the house is warming to 20-25 degrees.
Temperature and light conditions
The room for keeping the goslings should be clean, dry and warm. Temperature control is the most important rule in the care of small chicks. The temperature should be kept strictly and on schedule:
- 1-3 days - at least 28 degrees, the norm is 30 ° C,
- 4-5 - fluctuations of 28-25 degrees are admissible,
- 6-7 days - 25-23,
- 8-10 - not below 22 degrees,
- 11-15 – 22-20,
- 16-20 - not less than 18 degrees.
Immediately after hatching, chicks are placed in a warm room for up to 10-30 days, depending on the season and the presence of a hen. For daily babies, the landing density should not exceed 10 heads per 1 square meter. meter From 10 to 30 days - 7 goals per 1 square. meter. A dense soft bedding is surely spreading on the floor. With a hen, the temperature regime is not so critical, so indicators can be reduced by 3-5 degrees depending on the time of year.
The lamp is used as a heat source. Preferably 200-300 W, around which a 60 cm diameter tin-plate is made for even heat distribution. In order for the goslings to not be too hot, it is necessary to adjust the height of the lamp. But the lamp in the first week of life of chicks should be lit around the clock, only with less intensity at night. By about two weeks, daylight hours are reduced to 15 hours, and by two months - to 7-8 hours.
Proper care of chicks necessarily includes feeding rules. In more detail about all the nuances of the ration of goslings, read our previous publication. Learn more about how to grow geese in the garden plots, we offer from the video channel slava ov.
The main food of geese is greens, most of which they extract themselves during grazing and walking. Therefore, from a certain age chicks should be taught to green fodder and walking. If the goslings are kept with a hen, walking can be started from a week old, 20 minutes a day. Gooseless without a hen from the 10th day in warm and sunny weather can be released on the grass in a special pen. From about three weeks walking should be constant.
In the practice of growing poultry for meat, they often use the technology of “closed” content - on a fenced site. In this case, the main mass of green fodder geese get already ready in the cut or in a shredded state in the mash.
Important rules for walking:
- Be sure to have a shadow on hot sunny days. It can be an artificial canopy or a shade from a tree, bushes.
- It is desirable that grass on pasture was not higher than 10 cm.
- Geese need a pond. If it is not possible to release it to a natural reservoir, it should be equipped independently. For example, to make an artificial pond or set in a paddock bath.
- Goslings can be taught to the reservoir from a month after changing the feather. At this age, they are also transferred to an adult diet.
Growing under the hen
Many novice poultry farmers have a lot of questions about breeding offspring under the hen. Geese are good mothers and can grow up to 20 chicks without any problems. However, with young females it is desirable to leave no more than 10 pupils. There are cases when turkeys and chickens played the role of hens. The best time for planting a goose on eggs is the time from the end of March to the beginning of April. During this period, they have clearly manifested the natural instinct of incubation.
The withdrawal of chicks occurs on the 28th day. At this time, you need to closely monitor the hatching, to help the gnaw peck at the shell. So that the goose does not inadvertently crush the babies, they must be immediately taken away from her and placed in a warmer, dry room for 2-3 days. After the chicks adapt a little, they can be returned to the hen.
Experts advise planting chicks to the hen either during the day or towards the evening and carefully follow the reaction of the female. As a rule, they accept babies well, even incubator ones. At the time of raising the mother with goslings is placed in a separate house or a pen, where a closed drinking bowl and a convenient feeding trough are installed. From about a week old, babies can be let out for walking.
At cultivation of goslings with mother mum additional heating is not required, only the pure, dry and warm room.