The ear mite Otodectes cynotis is one of the most dangerous and common parasites of dogs and cats around the world. It occurs in almost all countries of the globe, regardless of the type of climate.
Millions of animals suffer from ear scabies every year, and in addition to dogs and cats, Otodectes cynotis parasitizes other small carnivorous mammals, including ferrets and foxes. According to statistics, about every third domestic animal is a carrier of ear mites, and among stray animals, this figure reaches 90%.
The photo below shows how the adult individual Otodectes cynotis mite looks like under a microscope:
The mite affects the ear canal, eardrum and inner ear, resulting in purulent otitis and dermatitis, accompanied by severe itching and pain. The danger of infection with an ear mite is that it is almost impossible to immediately notice the fact of infection, and usually the owners notice the parasite already at the stage of intense manifestation of the symptoms of the disease. When postponing veterinary care, the disease is aggravated by inflammatory and purulent processes, which often leads to the death of the animal.
Most dogs become infected from their street kin (during walks). The tick is transmitted very quickly - a single short-term contact is enough to transfer several individuals of the parasite to the skin or coat of the animal.
There are rare cases of human tick infestation. In humans, the parasite also causes itching and inflammation of the middle ear.
What is dangerous in the presence of an ear mite in a dog?
Otodectesis is a chronically occurring disease, and its danger to the health of a dog is higher, the longer the life of the ear mite in the ear canals of a pet lasts.
Otodebtovyh mites damage the skin in the ears and feed on the secretions from the wounds - lymph and suppuration products. As a result, severe inflammation occurs, accompanied by pain and intense itching. In areas of parasitization, significant accumulations of mite products (excreta, chitinous integuments remaining after molting) occur, which are mixed with pus, dead tissue, earwax and epidermis particles, due to which a dark-brown mass accumulates in the canal of the dog, forming a cork.
The animal furiously combs its ears, additionally injures them and pollutes, because of which there are pockets of reproduction of bacteria, often turning into purulent otitis. This is followed by severe inflammation of the eardrum, its perforation occurs (holes are formed in it), and inflammation passes to the inner ear and then to the meninges. Usually in the absence of treatment of otodecosis, dogs die due to purulent meningitis.
As a rule, a dog after infection with an ear mite is not much worried about the primary symptoms, which manifest as a still relatively mild itch. Inflammatory reactions, caused not only by active feeding of ticks, but also by the reproduction of microorganisms on the affected skin areas, cause much more severe irritation. Therefore, treatment should be directed both to the destruction of parasites and to the disinfection of wounds and the reduction of animal pain.
Curious nuances of the parasite's vital activity
The size of an adult ear mite does not exceed 0.5 mm; therefore, the parasite can be examined in detail only under a microscope:
These parasites are characterized by a rounded body, with females slightly larger than males. The mouth apparatus has sharp chelicera, with which the mite literally cuts the skin of the victim.
Eggs whitish-gray, oval, reach 0.3 mm. The female lays them in the ears or on the coat of the sick dog. After a short period of time, small larvae emerge from them - they are distinguished from adults by three, rather than four pairs of legs.
Next, the larvae molt into nymphs, which in turn turn into imago. The full developmental cycle (from egg to mature individual) lasts about 3 weeks.
The photo below shows the ear mites in the focus of the invasion:
At any stage of their life cycle, ear mites can be transferred from one animal to another. Eggs scatter very quickly in coat, especially when the animal is combing the affected areas. In fact, the sick dog spreads eggs, larvae and adult parasites everywhere, so timely treatment of the pet and de-sacrification of the room where it lives is very important. Getting literally a pair of eggs or larvae on a healthy dog is fraught with possible infection.
Typical symptoms of ear mites in dogs
Aural scabies is manifested by a sharp systematic itching in the ear and ear canals. Because of this, the dog strongly and often shakes his ears and head, combs the auricles with paws. Sometimes the disease quickly goes into a stage of purulent otitis.
Although ear scabies and purulent otitis are often identified, it is relatively easy to distinguish them even at home (it is important to choose the direction of treatment, because before starting it, it is necessary to understand what caused the disease). Classical otitis does not precede prolonged itching, animals do not comb their ears, as they experience a strong aching pain in the ear canal. The nature of the discharge from the dog's ears is also significantly different: when a tick is infected, there is a dark brown viscous mass, it smells foul, crusts form, while with otitis, the secretions are usually relatively liquid, are derived from suppuration.
If the disease is not detected in the initial stages, inflammation can lead to perforation of the eardrum. This is followed by inflammation of the inner ear, followed by the upper sheaths of the brain.
The following are the main symptoms that occur when a dog is infected with an ear mite:
- animals shake their heads sharply, often scratching their ears,
- there are pathological changes in the statement of the head (dogs tilt their heads, turning the sore ear down),
- pet becomes irritable
- sleep is disturbed, the dog eats badly,
- puppies are not gaining weight,
- sometimes also an increase in body temperature.
The disease often occurs in a chronic form. Itching may occur sporadically - due to the temporary activity of ticks. Sometimes the symptoms of otodecosis in a dog are very mild, but it can infect other dogs with which it contacts.
As noted above, the disease is often complicated by the accompanying microflora. At the same time, the breeding bacteria can create conditions that are unfavorable for one-time mites, and after a while the population of parasites in the auditory canals of a dog may even decrease significantly due to this. When treating such cases, much attention is paid to the elimination of staph infection foci.
When treating otodecosis in dogs, one should not rely only on one’s own strength or seriously rely only on traditional methods of treatment - it is important to consult a specialist in time. The final diagnosis is made after laboratory tests of the discharge from the dog's ear (with a microscope, ticks are detected in them).
It is important to understand that due to the small size of the parasites and their large number, simply pulling out or somehow washing the ticks out of the auditory canal will not work. In this situation, only drug treatment is effective, which should begin after consulting a veterinarian.
How does infection usually occur?
In dogs, otodectes is constantly recorded in all parts of Russia, but this disease does not reach the scale of epidemics. Usually, foci of otodectes are locally distributed, their boundaries correspond to farms, animal farms, and also sleeping quarters, where a large number of stray animals gather.
This tick-borne disease has no seasonal timing - dogs get sick at any time of the year.
The lack of seasonality in the life cycle of otic mites is an additional problem in the prevention and treatment of otic and subcutaneous acarosis, since infection can occur even in winter, when there are severe frosts outside.
If ixodid ticks (those that attack people and animals in the forest) are active only in the warm season, then acariform ticks do not have diapause and are able to reproduce throughout the year. This is explained by the fact that ixodic ticks are temporary external parasites, and therefore are highly dependent on the conditions of their environment, whereas ear ticks live only inside the ear canal, where the microclimate is always favorable for them.
However, despite the fact that the ear scabies does not show signs of obvious seasonality, the greatest number of cases of infection of dogs still falls on the autumn-spring period, when the air is rather humid. And among urban animals living in apartments, the peak of invasions occurs in the summertime, when pets are actively brought out for walks in nature.
Otodectesis occurs in dogs of different age categories. Young people aged from 1.5 to 5 months are most affected, while the disease in puppies often goes away in a complicated form. Puppies are usually infected from the mother.
The most sensitive to ear ticks are dog breeds with long ears, especially hunting ones, to which the tick can pass from patients with otodectes of foxes, arctic foxes, ferrets and other predators. Also, relatively often, ear mites are found in:
- french bulldogs
- German Shepherd Dogs
Healthy animals in apartments and farms are infected through:
- contacts with sick dogs and cats (even short contacts on the streets are enough in time for walking - for example, when sniffing),
- objects of care that contaminated animals touched (ticks and their eggs remain on combs, bowls, bedding, toys of cats and dogs, so if there are several animals in the apartment, then an individual approach to their hygiene is very important)
- clothing and skin of a person who touched patients with ear-scab animals,
- flies and fleas, which are the mechanical carriers of Otodectes cynotis eggs.
The photo below shows the accumulation of ear mites in a sample of secretions from a dog's ear:
For humans, the ear mite is relatively safe, however, there are several cases of infection by the othodectic tick of people. In the human aisle, this parasite can live for several months, causing severe inflammation of the middle ear.
Sometimes the tick can feed not on the ears, but on other parts of the body of people - where there is thin skin (armpits, groin, neck). The reasons for moving the ear mite to a person are not completely clear, but the fact that the parasite can be dangerous for people should not be overlooked. In order to avoid such an unpleasant neighborhood, it is necessary to adhere to the elementary rules of hygiene and minimize contact with stray and sick animals.
The algorithm for the treatment of ear mites in dogs
When treating dogs for ear mites, various acaricides are used, and the first thing to pay attention to is the variety of forms of drugs.
So, there are four main types of anti-tick medicines:
Most of them are quite suitable for home use, but before using this or that drug, you need to consult with a veterinarian. Firstly, only a specialist can make a final diagnosis, and secondly, the choice of drug and concentrations will largely depend on the intensity of infection (how much otodectes are started). Thirdly, it is also often necessary to remove the accompanying symptoms of the disease caused by its complications.
Despite the significant difference in approaches to the treatment of ear mites, there is a certain sequence of actions that should be followed.
First you need to limit the contact of a sick animal with a healthy one. It is useful to wash the dog regularly and thoroughly, but make sure that the water does not get into the ears. Before injecting medications, the ear canal must be cleaned of secretions and crusts. To do this, you need to pour a saline solution into your ear (either a chlorhexidine solution or a special lotion for cleansing the ears), wait about 5 minutes, and then very gently massage and clean the softened mass with a cotton swab. Only after that you can proceed to the introduction of the drug.
An example of a good lotion for cleaning the ears in cats and dogs - Otifri:
It should be borne in mind that a massage in the auricle area of a patient with otodectesis can cause significant pain, so this procedure should be carried out as accurately as possible, without undue pressure.
Drops are introduced into the ear canal with a pipette, after which the base of the ear is again subjected to a light massage. If an ointment is applied, this is done with a tampon. Powders are gently poured into the auricle and distributed with a cotton swab (without deepening into the ear canal). It is also very convenient sprays, which are sprayed into the ear and on the animal's fur according to the instructions.
Drops and sprays are considered to be the most effective preparations for ear ticks, which give quick results, since they contain a greater concentration of active substances and effectively penetrate into the focus of the disease. In some cases, it is possible to combine the means - for example, the simultaneous use of spray and ointment.
Do not forget about the possible complications of the disease due to concomitant microflora. In some cases, in addition to the external use of acaricides, intramuscular administration of antibiotics may be necessary.
Separately, it should be said about some folk remedies that are often trying to deal with the ear mite. For example, you can often find recipes based on oily substances (olive and sunflower oils, kerosene), which are mixed with caustic ingredients (garlic juice, iodine). It is assumed that the oil, falling into the ears, will envelop and suffocate the tick, and garlic or iodine - to disinfect the inflamed ear from bacteria.
However, it should be borne in mind that garlic juice, iodine and kerosene can cause chemical burns of the skin, thereby increasing severe irritation in places of parasitization of odeox. If such mixtures penetrate deeply into the ear canal (especially if the eardrum is already perforated), the animal may become irreversibly deaf.
Thus, when infecting a dog with an ear mite, the use of drugs will be the most effective, safe and quick treatment option. Without the intervention of a veterinarian, the disease threatens with serious complications, often leading to disability of the dog, and sometimes to death.
Let's now look at examples of some drugs that are used today to treat dogs with otodecosis.
Effective drugs used to treat otodecosis in domestic animals
When ridding a dog of an ear mite, it is important not only to quickly begin treatment, but also to choose a truly effective drug that will destroy the parasites and help reduce the severity of the unpleasant symptoms associated with the illness.
Today, there are a large number of high-quality drugs (primarily ear drops and sprays), which, in addition to acaricides and antimicrobial components, also contain anesthetic and anti-inflammatory substances. Consider some of them:
- Amit's ear drops are a contact medication that acts locally in the breeding center of ear mites. The drug does not penetrate the skin, is non-toxic, has anti-inflammatory and healing properties, has many positive reviews,
- Anti-parasitic spray Acaromectin - has neuroparalytic properties against ticks and insects (when it hits the body of the parasite, it blocks the activity of its nerve nodes). The drug can be used to fight the ear parasites in the ear canal, and to destroy them in other parts of the body,
- Demos are potent ear drops, the main counter-mite component of which is sulfur dissolved in carbon tetrachloride. Due to the high activity of the drug can not be used for the treatment of pregnant and lactating females, as well as puppies under the age of four weeks (most often the disease manifests itself at this age),
- Dekta - ear drops complex action on the basis of amitraz (acaricide), chloramphenicol (antimicrobial agent) and propolis (antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing agent),
- Bars ear drops - contain only one active ingredient (diazinon), which has simultaneously acaricidal, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. It is important not to confuse these drops with leopard drops from fleas and ticks (on withers),
- Zipam ear drops are based on cypermethrin and amitraz, which quickly destroy ticks, fleas, lashes and other parasites. In this case, the drug is not absorbed into the blood of the sick dog.
Этот список содержит лишь некоторые из действительно эффективных и проверенных временем препаратов, которыми можно быстро вылечить собаку от ушной чесотки. Moreover, this does not mean that they will best suit exactly in your case - only qualified treatment under the supervision of a specialist will help to achieve the desired result in the shortest possible time.
Otodecosis prevention measures
In addition to medical treatment, it is necessary to remember about the sanitary condition of the apartments, because the mites and their eggs scatter very quickly throughout the room, and if they are not destroyed here, after some time, an infection of the already cured animal can occur again.
It is useful to boil all the animal's cloth items (bedding, clothes, toys), to wash and dry all the bedding in the house in the sun. Spring cleaning twice a week using available disinfectants.
Do not allow the treated animal to come in contact with bed linen. More often air the apartment. In winter, “freezing out” large carpets with long nap, sofas, and chairs can be effective. Booths and dog care items should be treated with any acaricidal agent. To avoid re-infection, it is necessary to monitor the dog while walking, not to allow it to stray animals.
If you have personal experience in treating a dog for ear mites, be sure to share the information by leaving your review at the bottom of this page. How your pet has a disease, whether you went to a veterinarian or treated yourself, what drugs were used and whether the dog was cured - any information would be useful for subsequent readers ...
Ear tick, nature of the disease
The total life cycle of an individual tick takes about twenty eight days. Females reach puberty in seventeen to twenty days. The eggs mature and the larvae hatch from them three to four days after laying. Initially, this pathology is manifested by severe itching in the ear canals and shells. The group most at risk includes dogs with closed and large ears with long hair. In conditions of pollution and high humidity, insects develop more actively. As a rule, the lesion is bilateral. One must bear this in mind, even when the symptoms appear only on one side. The following are the main causes of the ear mite in dogs, the symptoms and treatment of this disease.
Possible ways of infection
Dogs are mainly infected by physical contact from their sick relatives or cats. Cats are very often carriers of ear mites. Therefore, if both animals live in the house, the treatment of the ear mite in cats and dogs should be carried out simultaneously.
Other predatory mammals, such as ferrets, are also exposed to this disease. In the ears of infected animals, a dark plaque containing a large number of parasite eggs. Struggling with itching, animals actively scatter it around themselves. Accordingly, the entire environment that surrounds the sick dog is abundantly filled with live insects and eggs. A healthy animal, getting into it very quickly is affected by them. The most polluted is usually bedding in the dog's place. People almost never get this infection.
Initial Symptom Detection
To detect the primary symptoms of the disease is not difficult. The first signs of a pet's disease will be severe itching in the ears. If your dog constantly scratches his ears, this is a sure reason to worry. The presence of itching in the auricles can be determined by the reflex reactions of the animal. If, when feeling, pressing, massaging the base of the auricle, the animal jerks with its hind paw from the side corresponding to the irritated ear, as if trying to itch - there is an itch inside the ears. The cause of it with high probability can be otoacariasis.
Also, ear invasion is accompanied by visual changes in the skin. The formation of a characteristic dark plaque, damage and a wound on the skin of the ears and adjacent areas from the intense impact of claws during carding. The presence at the edges of the damaged areas of the tissue of the peel caused by repeated infection. Perhaps the formation of inflammation caused by falling into open wounds of dirt and staphylococci.
A characteristic feature is a change in the position of the ears themselves. Infected ear goes down. Also, on close inspection, you can see the parasites themselves. Small white dots inside the ears on the background of dark patina. For convenience, you can use a magnifying glass and a sheet of black paper. Insects live on the surface, not inside the skin. No need to do deep scrapings.
In case of severe damage to the animal and obvious complications, you should not rely only on visual inspection. Also, if after an independent course of treatment for your pet, his symptoms remain or recur, in order to identify the pathology and its exact causes, you should contact a veterinary clinic. Laboratory tests will give a complete picture of the infection. In addition, at the disposal of veterinarians have more effective medicines. Specialists can correctly prescribe complex therapy, and thereby significantly reduce recovery time.
Ear tick in dogs, drug treatment
The treatment of octariasis consists of several stages.
First of all, it is necessary to destroy the parasites. This is possible with the help of special means of otocariases, or any available acaricidal drugs. Such tools are very widely represented on sale in veterinary clinics and pet stores. The animal will feel relief within a few hours after applying the medicine, but numerous allergic reactions can last up to a month.
Next you need to save the animal from the effects of exposure to ticks. In case of serious injury and the occurrence of wounds and ulcers, you should use antiseptics and antibiotics. Healing ointments and restorative preparations are also recommended. During treatment, one should exclude as much as possible the poisoning of the animal when ingested toxic agents into the inside. After treatment, the dog will continue to itch and lick paws. Here you should use a special collar. It will save from additional injuries and will not allow poisons to get into the animal's stomach. After four to five days after the first treatment, the process of treating the ear mite in a dog must be repeated. The fact is that most of the preparations are unable to destroy the already ripe eggs, but if they repeat the procedure, the hatched larvae will be destroyed.
Folk remedies for treating ear mites in dogs
At home, you can use the available tools from the first-aid kit. First you need to clean the ear. For this you can use a two-percent solution of hydrogen peroxide, furatsilin or even vegetable oil. With the help of cotton swabs, the skin surface is thoroughly cleaned. Then a few drops of anti-parasitic, or acaricidal drug are injected. Next, the ear must be thoroughly massaged so that the product gets on all affected areas. Even if there are no visible traces of the disease on the second ear, it must also be processed. The procedure is repeated in five to seven days. But you need to understand that with the appearance of an ear tick in dogs, treatment at home is possible only if the disease is in the initial stage.
Also for the treatment of ear mite in dogs, antiparasitic agents such as "Ivermectin" and "Selamectin" are actively used.
The first drug is drops, which are a one percent oil solution. They are inserted into the ear canal with subsequent massage of the shell to evenly distribute the product. It is worth paying attention to the caution of using this drug in Collies and some other breeds, because of possible complications.
"Selamectin" - a more powerful tool. Suitable for use in the clinic for the treatment of neglected cases with large populations of parasites, for example, in animals that have lived for a long time on the street. Both agents are effective not only in the treatment of ear mites in dogs, but also against a large range of other parasites.
Complications and consequences
If the treatment of the ear mite in a dog has started late, or the animal has a low immunity, the manifestation of complications of the disease is possible. It should be noted that otodecosis is very often the cause of the development of a whole set of infectious diseases in dogs. In such cases, the treatment must be approached comprehensively. It is necessary to use antiseptic drugs and broad spectrum antibiotics. If the infection develops inside the ear canal, then otitis may occur. It is better to turn to a veterinarian here, since such diseases are difficult to treat at home, but can lead to serious problems until otitis becomes chronic and the animal is deaf.
It is also possible the spread of skin infections to other parts of the body of the dog. First of all, the neck, back and head are affected. The animal becomes covered with boils and ulcers. Here, too, definitely need to seek the help of professionals. Traumatic complications are also possible. The occurrence of hematomas and lymphoextravazata. Treatment is also best carried out in the clinic in an operable way.
Therefore, it is impossible to ignore the symptoms of ear mite in dogs. Upon detection of these, it is necessary to begin treatment as soon as possible. Failure to remove a tick from a dog in time can lead to perforation of the eardrum, meningitis, hearing loss and in some cases death of the animal.
It is always better to prevent infection than to treat its effects. In the prevention of treatment of ear mites in dogs, auricular hygiene is important. The likelihood that the parasites will have time to develop and multiply, decreases significantly by regularly cleaning the dog's ears. The main cause of contamination is the bloom of an animal. This is sulfur, which serves to protect the surface of the hearing organs. Therefore, it is not necessary to delete it every day. It is enough to perform this procedure once or twice a month, depending on the size of the dog and the length of its coat. In dogs with large closed ears, for example, spaniels, more often.
Cleansing is performed with a dry cotton swab. You can use oil or a weak solution of hydrogen peroxide. Antiparasitic drugs are not recommended for use in prophylaxis in a healthy dog. It is necessary to clean both ears. Tampons can be used only once to avoid repeated infections.
In addition to cleaning, you must carefully follow the contacts of the pet with other animals. Communication with homeless dogs and cats should be avoided. Even short-term contact is enough to carry the parasites. We recommend regular preventive treatment for fleas and ticks. We must not forget to monitor the cleanliness of the litter on which the dog rests.
Otodektoz - a dangerous and common disease. To avoid infecting your pet with this parasite, do not forget about prevention. It is also important to maintain the immunity of the animal. To do this, it must eat right, get the necessary vitamins and minerals. It is very important that the dog spend enough time outdoors and not feel a lack of movement. If it was not possible to avoid invasion, do not delay treatment. In the case of serious lesions, you should definitely turn to specialists.
What is this tick?
Mite Otodectes cynotis lives in the external auditory canal of many carnivores (dogs, cats, ferrets, foxes). It feeds on blood, lymph, ear sulfur and skin particles, constantly highlighting, of course, its waste products.
A dog can become infected at any time of the year. This is due to the fact that the ear mites live in an enclosed space (auricle), where suitable conditions for their life and development are constantly maintained. But the number of parasites can vary and will depend on the physiological state of the dog. That is, the younger the dog (even weaker immunity) or the weaker the health of the animal, the higher the risks of developing otodecosis.
The ear mite infects animals of different ages, but young animals suffer from 1.5 to 6 months.
How does the infection occur, how is the ear mite transmitted?
An ear mite is transmitted when a healthy dog contacts an infected one. Register cases of infection through individual things (shoes, etc.), but more often it is important for small dogs and animals with weakened immunity. In small puppies, the source of infection is often the mother.
The ear tick causes an invasive disease in a dog, which is usually chronic. In the habitats of the ear mite occur:
- during inflammation, a characteristic fluid is released, which, together with dead skin particles, earwax and tick-mite products, forms black-brown crusts in the dog's auricle,
- in case of complications with secondary microflora, the process moves to secondary and internal care, and further - the meninges (rarely).
When parasitizing a dog’s ear tick, the owner may note the following symptoms:
- constant itching: the dog tries to scratch his ears on objects or scratches them intensively with claws of his paws (often to the blood),
- the dog’s head position becomes unnatural: the head is down or tilted towards the affected ear,
- when the form of the disease is neglected, pus is formed in the auricle, which glues the fur on the lower edge of the ear,
- in the case of transition of inflammation to the meninges, nervous disorders develop, during which the dog dies.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of signs characteristic in the presence of an ear tick, as well as a mandatory scraping. To do this, the ear stick collects dirt from the inner side of the ear and put them on a glass slide. Press down with a cover glass and look under the microscope. If the dog really has an ear mite, then it will be clearly visible, it looks like in the photo.
After confirming that the dog has an ear mite, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
Treatment with special preparations is carried out only after preliminary thorough cleaning of the auricle from all impurities. Now there is a large selection of various mite agents, which differ in the active ingredient, the manufacturer and, of course, the price. Immediately remove the ear tick will not work, so it is important to have patience and to observe the specified interval between the use of different medicines.
Folk remedies for the treatment of otodecosis in a dog does not exist. Using a variety of decoctions and infusions, you only bring the dog extra pain and delay treatment, which will really help get rid of the tick.
How to clean the ear dog?
Many dogs are not very fond of the procedure of cleaning the ears, so the pet will have to fix. Small rocks can be wrapped in a towel or blanket so that only the head protrudes. To keep a large dog, most likely, you will need a second person who will hold the body of the dog. The one who will directly carry out cleaning of the ears, you need to sit on a comfortable chair and try to fix the head between the legs. If the dog can bite, it makes sense to tie a face tight bandage. Also for more thorough and effective cleaning it is important to provide good lighting.
It should be noted that some pets on the contrary begin to worry more if they begin to fix and put some pressure. Therefore, for starters, you can try to clean the ears without any methods of coercion. With a strong itch while cleaning the ears, the dog can reflexly produce characteristic movements of the hind limbs.
- What to clean? You can clean the dog's ears with ordinary ear sticks or with a cotton disc, wrapping it around the index finger. The use of medical instruments (for example, with a clip it is convenient to hold a cotton swab) requires some experience.
- How to start? Left hand, holding, straighten the dog's eye. Right hand begin to clean the pollution from all the anatomical grooves in the ear, gradually delving into the ear canal. The movements should be from top to bottom in order to lift the dirt out, and not push it even deeper. Do not be afraid to stick your ear stick too deep, the dog's ear is arranged differently than that of a person, and you will not damage the eardrum.
- To clean the ear of dry dirt, a cotton swab can be wetted in a solution of hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine digluconate 0.05%. The use of these drugs is also permissible if the dog’s ear has scratches from scratching with claws.
- Use lotions. There are many special lotions for hygienic cleaning of pet ears. Such lotions have a softening effect: reduce itching and redness in the ears. Of course, their proper application will significantly facilitate the cleaning process, but they are more expensive than conventional products (peroxide and chlorhexidine). A few drops of lotion are buried inside the dog's ear and massaged into the ear for a minute. Компоненты лосьонов размягчают все скопившиеся загрязнения, и они отстают практически сами собой. Собаке дают встряхнуть головой, после чего ватным диском аккуратно убирают оставшуюся часть лосьона и загрязнений.
Что такое ушной клещ и как проявляется заболевание
Ушной клещ – микроскопический паразит класса паукообразных. Its official name is otodectes cynotis, therefore, the defeat of dog ears with a tick is called otodectes. The common name of the ear mite is kozheed, as it feeds on skin particles, as well as blood and earwax. For life, he needs a comfortable and moist environment with plenty of available food, the auricles of small dogs become an ideal habitat for parasites.
Large accumulations of ticks affect the insides of the ears of small breed dogs and cause them serious torment:
- inside the dog's auricle feel constant unpleasant itching,
- as a result, they painfully comb their ears and the space nearby - in front of the auricle, behind the ear,
- animals often shake their heads, try to rub their ears against the corners of the walls, furniture,
- on the body and delicate skin tissues in the process of fierce scratching dogs can leave deep scratches that do not heal well, because the place is itchy all the time,
- hair loss is often observed behind the ears, skin scabs are possible,
- a doggie may deteriorate his appetite, he becomes nervous and irritable.
There is no resistance (if the owner of the animal does not take measures to treat otodecosis), the tick multiplies rapidly. Strongly parasitic, the eye looks like it is heavily polluted with small brown-black greasy "garbage" (mite waste). The affected ear begins to liberate sulfur. All together forms inside the ear of a suffering dog hard-to-remove scabs with an unpleasant odor.
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Treatments for a little friend
For the treatment of ear mites in veterinary pharmacies offers a large arsenal of all sorts of drops and solutions for the treatment of dog auricles. It is forbidden to use any drug for the treatment of an animal without a doctor's prescription.
Usually, any pharmaceutical preparation for ear mites is able to temporarily improve the condition of the dog, reduce the manifestation of negative symptoms. But without deep treatment, the disease reappears after a while (the adult individuals of the parasites were destroyed, but the eggs and larvae remained).
Rules for the treatment of ears
Calm animal take on his hands and sit on his knees. It is necessary to relax the pet, gently stroke the doggie, talk to him during the procedure. Restless dogs are wrapped in a thick blanket or blanket (as the procedure is painful, the dog can break out and defend itself).
Instructions for the treatment of the auricle:
- With clean cotton swabs, the ear sockets are cleaned of scabs, sulfur emissions, excrement of the tick. Vata can be wetted with hydrogen peroxide. As the stains get dirty, the sticks are replaced with clean ones.
- Drops (prescribed by a doctor) should be at room temperature. If the medicine is stored in the refrigerator, it is taken out in advance so that the solution warms up.
- Medicine is instilled into each ear (in the dosage recommended by the veterinarian). For a small dog, 3-4 drops of solution are usually enough in each ear.
- For a better distribution of the medicine in the auricle, a local massage is performed. To do this, ear with instilled medicine pressed to the head (closing the inner part), gently massage the outer surface of the ear (especially the part at the base).
- At the end of the doggie's procedure, it is better to hold it on your hands for some time, since, having freed themselves, the animals immediately begin to shake their heads and try to remove the solution from the ears with their paws.
Some breeds of small dogs (for example, a Yorkshire terrier) before treatment with a preparation from the ears pluck out abundantly growing wool there.
Treatment with the drug is repeated several times. The following procedure is usually carried out in 4-7 days. Repeated procedures are necessary, as the poisonous solution kills adult ticks, but is practically harmless to the eggs and larvae of parasites.
Contraindications to the use of drugs can be a very small puppy age (up to 2 months), a doggie's gestation period (or feeding newborns with breast milk). Some medicinal formulations are contraindicated for use in dogs of certain breeds. Individual allergic reactions to the chemical composition of the product are possible, it is necessary to closely monitor the reaction of the pet after applying the drops.
The list of drugs from ear parasites for dogs of small breeds is very impressive.
Well proven drugs:
The effects of drugs on a particular animal individually. If one tool is not effective, the doctor will select and prescribe another drug for the treatment of parasite paws.
Why it is impossible not to treat otodektoz
Ear tick - a dangerous disease that can not be allowed to drift. Ticks will not disappear by themselves. On the contrary, over time, the dog's ears will be more and more affected by parasites (causing suffering to the animal).
In chronic form, the ear mite causes serious illnesses:
- otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear),
- destruction of the eardrum,
- inflammation of the brain, meningitis.
The result of neglect of the disease can be animal deafness and even death.
The preventive measures against the occurrence of otodektoz include:
- Eliminate contact with animals infected with ear mites.
- Regular inspection of the ears of a doggie.
- Modern protective equipment - parasite collars, drops (usually put on dogs withers before a walk).
At the first symptoms of the onset of the disease, measures should be taken immediately to treat the animal.
To combat otodektozom now there are lots of effective insecticidal and acaricidal drugs. These are various drops and ointments with the acaricidal component. At the initial stage of the development process, you can apply all the drops that are used to kill fleas and ticks. Video - recommendations of the veterinarian about how and how to treat ear mites in dogs:
How to recognize the ear mite in a dog
Infection with ear mite, in medicine called otodektoz, one of the most common diseases in dogs, it is found in almost ninety percent of pets. It is dangerous in that it is easily transmitted from a sick individual to a healthy one. If one pet is infected in the house, it is more likely that all animals will soon get sick.
Otodektoz have dogs.
Tick - a very small parasite, looks like a crab . Initially, they are located in the ear canal, on the head, and sometimes extend to the whole body. Once on the surface of the skin, they actively reproduce and can make up several thousand individuals.
The risk group includes puppies up to a year.
The disease affects representatives of all breeds and at any age.
Due to a weak immune system, more common in puppies and pets up to a year . Such ticks live for a three-week cycle. They are very tenacious organisms and can dwell not on the carrier for about two weeks. Getting on the animal, they do not penetrate the thickness of the skin and do not feed on its blood.
Characteristic signs of ear mite in dogs
The first among all the symptoms is a strong itching sensation.
Severe itching in the ear is the main symptom of the disease.
- The longer the problem is not solved, the stronger your pet will itch.
- Because of this, your home dweller actively shakes his head, trying to get rid of the irritant, rubs his ears against furniture and corners, scratches them with claws, sometimes to the blood and abrasions.
- During the exacerbation of the patient’s shell, the bald patches are covered with non-passing wounds, from which pus and exudate are excreted.
- They are mixed with the fecal secretions of parasites, dry up, filling the shell and ear folds.
- Thus, brown or gray crusts and scabs appear, from which an unpleasant odor emanates.
All the symptoms of this disease can be classified as follows:
- scratches and irritation of the skin,
- sulfur is actively released,
- dark discharge, dense structure,
- unpleasant smell from the infected parts of the skin,
- frequent carding and shaking of the head,
- characteristic deep wounds from the claws around and inside the ears.
In case of occurrence of these signs in your pet, it is recommended to immediately contact a veterinarian. Experts do not advise self-treatment, because you can harm health, as well as prolong and increase the suffering of the dog. Untimely or poorly provided assistance leads to complications of the disease.
If signs of disease should consult a doctor.
Parasites can easily provoke inflammation in the middle ear, meningitis, perforation of the eardrum, damage to the soft membrane of the brain. Such consequences can completely deprive the dog of hearing, in some cases are fatal.
Features of diagnosis
If a dangerous insect is suspected of infection, immediately consult a veterinarian for advice.
It is worth noting that taking on the diagnosis itself is very dangerous, because some of the symptoms are identical to other diseases. And the use of the drug from ticks can arbitrarily cause irreparable harm to the health of the animal.
For a specialist, diagnosing a pest is not difficult. Ticks have non-microscopic dimensions and are clearly visible when viewed with an otoscope. This tool enhances and illuminates the insect, so that it can be distinguished from other species and sulfur.
A cat may be infected by a dog with an ear mite.
This disease is very contagious, so together with the carrier, the doctor needs to examine all domestic animals, not only dogs, but also cats.. On examination, analyzes are taken, and insects for laboratory research. Based on the results obtained, treatment is prescribed.
Treatment of ear mites in dogs at home
Before you start using the drugs, you must carefully clean the ears of parasites and dried traffic jams. If this is not done, the drug will not be able to have a qualitative effect on the entire affected area of the skin.
In this case, the treatment will not give the expected result. Cleaning can be done with ordinary cotton buds, pre-moistened with tea leaves or herbal infusion. In order not to transfer parasites to a healthy ear, each of them should be cleaned with a new stick.
It should be cleaned with a cotton swab dipped in a herbal infusion.
Amit, Dekta, Tsipam, Otovedin, Aurikan.
Then you can begin to instil the drug. It is important to treat both organs, even if the symptoms appear in only one. The dosage and treatment schedule prescribed by the veterinarian strictly follow. Dripping medicine, gently massage the ears, evenly distributing it on the skin surface. Make sure that some of the drops hit exactly the ear canal. If it is not correct to carry out the treatment, there is a high risk of recurrence. Therefore, follow the instructions.
Wash hands with soap and water before the instillation procedure.
This procedure will require strength and patience. . It would be useful to ask the help of a loved one to keep his head. The algorithm of the procedure at home is as follows:
- wash your hands with soap,
- open the container with the drug,
- hold the head and the edge of the animal's ear still,
- drip the required amount of medicine on the surface of the body,
- gently massage the ear, distributing the drug.
Among the popular folk methods of treating mite, the medicinal plant Tabebuya is distinguished. It is also called the Inca gold.
The drug is made from the inside of the bark of trees growing in South America. The action is similar to antibiotics, but is completely natural.
Effective in the treatment of inflammation is vitamin C . It has a stimulating effect on the adrenal glands, which produce natural steroids that reduce inflammation. A side effect of the vitamin can be diarrhea. Therefore, you need to be careful with its dosage. In the case of prone - reduce the dose.
Vitamin C is effective in treating inflammation.
Accelerate the recovery process of your pet will be able to actions aimed at improving immunity. Can be used vitamin complexes and also add more vegetables and fruits to the diet. And also, provide the animal with peace of care and comfortable living conditions.