Oranges (the same - miniature dogs) - a small breed of dogs, which has gained immense popularity in recent years, is one of the twenty most numerous in the USA. These toddlers also fascinated world celebrities: Paris Hilton and Kelly Osborne, Liza Minnelli and Maria Sharapova, Anna Semenovich and Sylvester Stallone have such pets.
The dwarf Pomeranian Spitz resembles a red bear or chanterelle, and sometimes a plush toy. Their height does not exceed 23 cm, and weight - 3.2 kg. The most common color is red, but there are cream, brown, zona-gray, sandy, white, black and two-colored individuals. The coat is hard and straight, the undercoat is thick and soft. Desirable lush collar, turns on the thighs and forearms, bushy tail.
The muzzle is elegant, not too wide, but not pointed. Only scissor bite is allowed. Ears are triangular, must stand. Hanging ears are a vice.
The tail is set high, snug against the back, can be twisted ring.
Sometimes they talk about the "bear" type, referring to the star of the Internet - Spitz named Boo. But we must bear in mind that in an effort to get puppies with extremely short faces, breeders go too far, sacrificing the health of the livestock. "Bear cubs" often suffer from diseases of the respiratory system and the heart, in some cases there are abnormalities in the development of the spinal cord. More on this topic.
Thanks to a competent haircut, the "bear" can be made of orange of the classical type, without sacrificing the health of the pet.
History of origin
Northern sled dogs were their ancestors, Samoyed and Eskimo dogs are among the closest relatives. They originate from Spitz from Lapland and Iceland, but the main cultivation of pomeranians occurred, most likely, in the homonymous German province - Pomerania. Initially, the weight of these dogs was about 14 kg, and the most common colors were white, black and cream.
In Germany, these dogs quickly gained popularity among urban residents. Since small animals are more suitable for life in the city, miniature individuals were used for breeding. Thus, German breeders received livestock, the average weight of which was about 9 kilograms. In addition to miniaturization, considerable dilution efforts were aimed at improving the color and quality of the coat. Gradually, these dogs spread throughout Europe, and at the beginning of the 19th century, thanks to the English Queen Victoria, her first representatives were sent to England.
The next stage of development began in England, the English breeders continued the selection of dwarf Spitz, and as a result, two varieties were bred: weighing up to 3.2 kg or more. In the future, individuals more than 3.2 kg were rejected, were not allowed to the exhibition and breeding.
In 1870, the breed standard was adopted. In Russia, the National Club appeared in 1996.
The main care for the dwarf Pomeranian spitz consists of a weekly combing with a comb and a puhoherka.
[tip] Wash them only when necessary, or before the exhibition. At the same time, it is categorically not recommended to wash during molting, but if such a need has arisen, you must first comb the undercoat. [/ Tip]
Periodically it is necessary to trim the hair on the tail, legs and body, so that there is no separate hair sticking out. If the owner wants the pet to be similar to the well-known representatives of the Pomeranians - Bu or Shunsuke, you will need to contact a professional groomer who cuts the baby, shortens the guard coat and gives the correct shape. Trimming or shaving is strictly not allowed, because the rich coat of orange has been formed over the years, and its restoration will take a long time.
Two options for haircuts miniature spitz: bear type and "chanterelle"
In order not to damage the thick hair on the collar, it is advisable to take the pet for a walk in a thin leather collar, do not use metal chains or harness.
To feed oranges it is necessary to feed premium or super premium class, but not to overfeed, as they are prone to obesity. It is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the teeth, periodically clean them with a special toothpaste to prevent the development of periodontal disease.
Pomeranian Spitz - playful, perky companion, the perfect companion to travel and long hikes. This may be limited to short walks, it is easy to learn to go to the toilet in the tray, like a cat.
The main disadvantage, perhaps, is the excessive barking, in order to cope with this, regular training is required. It is worth paying attention to the tendency to dominance: perhaps a tiny pet will provoke fights with pets much larger than themselves.
It is categorically unacceptable to make a chained "beast" out of an orange, it needs regular communication with people.
They get along well with other pets and children, smart enough. But small children are not the best company for such a baby, as they may inadvertently drop or injure him. But younger schoolchildren and older children will be a faithful companion; together, they can master various types of sports disciplines, such as agility or dance.
Pomeranian spitz is characterized by diseases of all ornamental species. These include, first and foremost, cataracts, tracheal collapse, usually caused by trauma to the tracheal cartilage, and distichiasis (an extra row of eyelashes). Heart attacks and dislocations of the patella are also observed.
In addition, especially tiny individuals may experience signs of dwarfism - bulging eyes, skeletal defects, difficulty breathing, and inability to give birth naturally.
In general, spitz-dogs are long-lived, their average life expectancy is 12-14 years. Usually they remain active and enthusiastic throughout life.
Breed description pomeranian
Of course, modern Pomeranian spitz-dogs differ somewhat from dogs from the 19th century, however this relates more to size, but they have not lost their charm at all. Today, these are small doggies with a fluffy tail-ring and fox eyes that look like a plush toy.
According to the standard, pets of this breed have a strong constitution:
- Head medium size, the transition from the forehead to the face is clearly pronounced. The forehead is round, wide.
- Muzzle shorter than the frontal region, but not pointed, with dry, tight-fitting lips, pigmented in black.
- Teeth small in size with a scissor bite. Ears triangular, set close, standing.
- Eyes medium, slightly slanting, they give the animal a slightly cunning look.
- Neck not short, but because of the rich fur coat it seems quite small. Rib cage different depth and width. Back creates a straight line and goes into a short lumbar belt.
- Front and rear limbs straight, have a parallel setting relative to each other. Paws compact size, rounded.
- Tail high rise, medium length.
It is worth noting that for representatives of this breed it is important to comply with the established standard characteristics - height, body weight and other indicators. If the dog has any deviations, it will be considered low breed.
Pomeranian spitz colors
Pomeranian spitz have a distinctive feature - wool, standing upright and making the dog so attractively fluffy. If we talk about colors, there are a dozen of them. However, the color of the coat is fully manifested only by half a year, when the puppy will transfer shedding for the first time.
The main open classes in terms of coat color include the following individuals:
- bright red
White Pomeranian spitzs are rare, but they should be snow-white, without yellowish spots.
The nature of the representatives of the breed Pomeranian Spitz
These little charming dogs are active. What is at home, that on the street spitz will be happy to frolic, jump, run, communicate with others. Dogs love to meet other pets and their owners. The oranges are quite appeasable, and if it becomes necessary to leave a pet with friends or acquaintances, then there will be no problems with this. The dog will obey others as well as its own.
But, this applies only to man, among other dogs this small dog will show leadership qualities, and the size of his rivals is not important to him. Also jealous spitz will apply to the territory occupied by him. A person can easily invade here, but the four-legged uninvited “guests” are waiting for a small, warning bashing.
Most of all oranges love to communicate with a person, but also with other pets who are not inclined to lead, they are able not only to contact, but also to live under the same roof. Those who are not so warmly perceived by the Pomeranian Spitz are cats. On them they can bark long and fiercely. If the plans to have a puppy of a Pomeranian spitz-dog, it should be borne in mind that these dogs are quite demanding - without petting, increased attention and communication, they become irritable.
They adore younger family members, especially when it comes to children 4-5 years old and older. It is at this age that they are ideally suited as companions for games. In addition, with such a child, the pomeranian can exercise all its guard and guard qualities that are embedded in its blood. After all, children will not treat the little brave with disdain.
Features of training and education
Pomeranian spitz can be perfectly trained and trained without difficulty. Moreover, the owner does not need to use strict methods - it’s enough for a pet to say once, so that he understands everything. The owners of these little dogs are unanimous - pets are able to surprise, showing remarkable acumen and unconditional talents.
In order for the puppy to fully develop and go through socialization, he needs to live in a circle of people - chains, cages, remote premises are not for him. Otherwise, as an adult, the dog may cause some difficulties. The disadvantages of behavior include their pronounced dominance and “loudness” - due to high excitability and activity, it can bark for a long time and for any reason.
As with other active dogs, unpleasant behavioral traits are particularly pronounced when pomeranets do not receive the necessary physical exertion. If you hold sports activities, take your pet for long walks, travel, play with him, then he will reciprocate, which will manifest itself in the form of good behavior.
How and what to feed the Pomeranian Spitz
When a baby gets from a breeder to a new family, it is recommended not to change the food that is already familiar to him. This important question should be clarified during the purchase of the puppy. If this is not possible, then another feed should be introduced into the diet gradually, the transition period lasts 7-10 days.
When feeding dry rations should choose high-quality brands. Feed must contain a large number of protein components - both animal and vegetable. Also required the presence of vitamin supplements in the selected feed. It is not recommended to feed a pet from your table, it is fraught with various health problems.
The selected brand of ready-made rations is not recommended to change, unless there is a special need. Vitamin-mineral complexes and other additives can be given separately to a pet only with the advice of a doctor. The menu can be varied by the inclusion of natural products: dairy, fresh vegetables and fruits, meat. It is not recommended to give the dog hot and cold food. Pet should also be provided with round-the-clock access to drinking water.
Dogs can be injured by sweets, pork, sausages, smoked and salted foods. Also, adult dogs should not give whole milk. Legumes and white cabbage can cause bloating.
How much is a Pomeranian puppy?
This breed is at the peak of popularity, so do not expect low cost. In addition, the price will depend on the gender, variety, titles of parents, transportation and delivery, and other nuances. In addition, the price is influenced by the fact that there are few pomeranian litters, only 1-3 puppies are born to the female.
Puppies, which can be used exclusively as a pet, cost from 18,000 to 38,000 rubles. Naturally, we are talking about offspring with the necessary documents. It will cost more to a pet who can participate in breeding, having a pedigree, but due to some minor deviations from standard characteristics will not be able to win prizes in exhibitions. In addition, his parents can not boast a large number of awards and titles (and this, as you know, affects the cost of pedigreed animals).
More expensive than the rest will cost a puppy from titled parents - champion dogs. He has ideal characteristics, will be an enviable continuer of the family and he will have an excellent exhibition career. Great luck will be to buy such a baby for 60000-70000 rubles, but the cost of promising puppies is usually higher and can reach 150000-170000 rubles. Also, there is always the opportunity to buy a pet cheaper by finding an ad on the Internet. But since most dogs are without pedigree, it is difficult to judge the puppy's pure breed.
Pomeranian is a doggy that you just need to love, and then complete reciprocity is guaranteed! Representatives of this breed appreciate good attitude, care and affection, they really need it.
Features breeding dwarf Pomeranian breed Spitz
If the decision is made to breed oranges, then you need to adjust yourself to a difficult and painstaking work. The process of mating itself, pregnancy and childbirth must take place under the control of the owner.
Do not knit sick animals, because all diseases can be inherited.
Knitting for oranges can occur 2 times a year. Care and nutrition for the girl with the pomeranian should be more thorough, since pregnancy greatly undermines the dog's immunity. The probability of fertilization most often falls on the 10th day of female estrus.
Due to the fact that these are small dogs, childbirth very often does not pass naturally, but does a cesarean section.
History of Pomeranian Spitz
The name comes from the area in Germany - Pomerania, whence the breed comes from. In 1870, the spitz from this area came to England, where the creation of a dwarf form began. The beauty and elegance of Pomeranians from England and America had a considerable impact on breeders around the world, so the spitz and in other countries began to change, approaching the reference image.
It so happened that in the Russian standard the definition of the Pomeranian Spitz is absent - all according to the pedigree are German. There is only a division into small and dwarf.
The muzzle and head resemble a fox, with a rounded skull and small, narrowly spaced ears. The body is short, the chest is deep, the ribs are rounded. There are twelve colors: white, black, black and tan, blue and tan, blue, brown, orange, cream, dark brown, chocolate, red with black (sable), two-color.
Height at withers - 18-22 cm, weight - from 1 to 3.5 kg, height - 18-30 cm. Oranges live for about 12-15 years. The proportion of body length to height is 1: 1.
Nose round, small, black or brown (in brown varieties).
Buying a puppy
Pomeranian spitz is a very “comfortable” breed. It is well suited for maintenance in the apartment, in the conditions of the city. This is a great companion, which can start even inexperienced, novice dog lovers. However, the choice of a puppy does not need to be taken lightly. Here are some tips that should be considered to those whose choice is on the charming orange.
Where can one buy
First of all, it should be understood that self-respecting breeders will not sell puppies at the subway or in the poultry market. Therefore, puppies that are sold in such places can be outbid without documents, and puppy cards are forged after. At the same time, there are no guarantees that the puppies have been properly examined, treated with helminth preparations and vaccinated. And this is fraught with disease and other troubles. Also, there is no guarantee that the puppy is not chilled, and that he generally belongs to this breed, and not just looks like a spitz-dog.
Therefore, if you want to have a purebred puppy, and it is the Pomeranian spitz-dog, it is better to contact the club, nursery, breeder. In the club you need to make sure that there is a certificate RKF, in the kennel, except RKF - a certificate of registration with FCI, which is issued in the name of the owner of the dogs. Do not be shy when requesting documents certifying the position of the nursery or the identity of the owner. After all, the dog does not start for one day. Next, you should view the pedigrees of the parents, which should be stamped RKF.
Whom to buy
The next decision to be made is a boy or a girl? Here, of course, no one except the owner decides. Но следует помнить о том, что дважды в год у суки будет течка, во время которой ее нужно оберегать от кобелей, а собственную мебель – от пятен. Если в планах дальнейшее получение потомства, к этому тоже следует психологически подготовиться. Этот период достаточно тяжелый и требует больших сил и терпения от хозяина.However, the dog may well live without puppies, and the opinion that this will affect health is not too true: they can get sick as having given birth and not giving birth to a female.
But the advantage of bitches is that they can be accustomed to a tray or diaper - and not necessarily take to the street constantly. But the dog, by virtue of physiology, must lift its paw, therefore it will not be possible to evade walks. In addition, coming to visit with a dog is fraught with the fact that he will leave tags on other people's things or furniture.
Males can be outwardly spectacular, but educate them much more difficult. Bitches are much more appealing and do not require much attention. In addition, sensing in heat, a dog can run away.
When to buy
After the puppy is one and a half to two months old, it is quite possible to acquire it. But you need to make sure that he has already switched to solid food and eats himself. One should not be afraid of grown-up dogs: it is easier to see not only its external data, but also its character. By the way, if the dog is not sold, it does not mean that it is bad. Often, on the contrary, the breeder leaves the best puppy with the best qualities at last. After all, if not all puppies are sold, the latter will remain with the breeder.
Even adult dogs quickly adapt to new conditions. The main thing, as always - affection and love.
How to choose
In addition, it is important to determine whether the puppy is wound up in order to participate in exhibitions, or simply as a pet. On this occasion, it is better to consult with the breeder to properly consider the dental system, legs, possible hernia and compliance with standards.
To choose a healthy puppy, you need to carefully examine it when you buy it.
- A puppy should behave agile, active, fun. If he is just awake, he should wait until he gets used and can express himself.
- Teeth must be healthy, without wounds and boils. Scissor bite, but straight is also allowed.
- There should be no black or red spots on the inside of the ears; the surface should be smooth, without any unpleasant odor or discharge. This is not about simple scratches, but about possible diseases such as ear mite, sarcoptosis or lichen.
- The puppy's hair is clean and not sticky, there should not be coarse dandruff - it indicates worms or skin diseases. For very thick wool, fine dandruff is allowed. This exfoliates the children's epidermis. Dandruff can also be a reaction to stress after a move - in which case it will soon pass.
- You should carefully examine the skin for scratches, wounds (especially purulent), tumors or bald patches, redness or rash. All this indicates diseases, and in such a house no puppy is better not to buy at all. It should be noted that the rash can be allergic when changing feed. In this case, you can, together with the breeder, make a scraping at the nearest veterinary clinic to determine whether this reaction is allergic.
- On the tummy, in the area of the groin or navel, there should be no protruding tumors - hernias. If in the navel it is still possible to do a simple operation, then operations in the groin area are done no earlier than 6 months. If a bitch is chosen to bring puppies, then it’s better not to take this problem. It is usually hereditary and can be passed on to puppies.
- Eyes should be clean, shiny, fun, without turbidity or discharge. If the transition to the forehead from the nose is large, they can leak - in this case, they will need to be monitored and rinsed with special means for the eyes.
- The nose should be cold, without discharge.
- The tongue is pink and clear. If the gums are light or whitish, then the dog may have worms or heart problems.
- It is necessary to consider the legs: the puppy should be easy, free to move, sit and lie down. Do not limp, not podvolakivat paws. The hind legs should be freely retracted, both at the same time and almost parallel to the body.
- The back should be flat and without a hump.
- The puppy should have a vaccination certificate sent by the seller (the first one is done at 4-6 weeks, or immediately grown at 8 weeks). After vaccination should take at least 7-10 days, otherwise the puppy may get sick.
To carry a puppy, you need a diaper, as it can be pumped. It must be kept either on the hands or in a special carriage - so as not to fall, for example, from the seat of the car. In cold weather it will be necessary to cover it with something warm. Be careful with drafts or air conditioners. If there is a long road ahead, you will also need a bowl for water and food, transportation for sleeping, food (the same as that of the breeder), water and toys. Giving on the road unfamiliar food is impossible.
It must be remembered that the puppy needs time to adapt - to new people, new conditions, new food and water.
And another important point: oranges are not very well suited for families with small children. Due to improper handling, they can become nervous, irritable. In addition, they are very gentle, and the child may accidentally hurt.
In addition, the spitz like to bark, and their voice is ringing, which can annoy, especially the elderly. However, it is possible to cope with this, if you start learning from puppyhood.
Pomeranian: bringing up a dog
Choosing a pet is only the first step on the path to living together. Here is a small fluffy miracle already at home, and now the person who is its owner is responsible for it.
Pomeranian Spitz do not like loneliness, but they are always happy to be with the owner. In addition, they are not always aware of their size and can pounce on a larger dog, which you must constantly monitor. The puppy is easy to get on with other animals, but an adult dog can create problems in this regard because of its desire to dominate.
The character of the orange is cheerful and playful, energetic and active, the nature of a faithful, with excellent hearing. He can play endlessly, and at the same time is quite obedient. Differs intelligence and ingenuity. Very clever and perfectly trainable. Despite the appearance and size, the Pomeranian Spitz has all the makings of a real dog, he is ready to defend the owner and execute his orders.
Care and feeding
It is important to remember that an abrupt change of food can cause stomach upset in a puppy, followed by dehydration very quickly, which is fraught with many diseases. If it is not possible to leave the puppy on the previous feed, then it should be transferred to another not less than a week later.
Spitz can be fed with dry food that is balanced and supplied with essential vitamins and minerals. In the case of feeding with natural products, it should be remembered that it may not be beneficial for a pet that its owner. Along with the balance of necessary substances, for an orange is still better mono-diet.
As for dry fodder - here it is necessary, first of all, to pay attention to the ingredients. No need to choose food, where below 25% protein (protein), and it should be not only animal but also vegetable. Good feeds contain meat, fish, liver and other by-products; there should also be enough vitamins A and group B.
Choosing food, it is better not to change it unless absolutely necessary. Feed additives will be needed only in case of illness, malnutrition or if the dog has puppies. You should not give vitamins or minerals, if not recommended by the veterinarian - an excessive amount may be worse than the lack.
You can feed the dog in one feeding, or in a few - two or three, as it is convenient. With regard to the amount of feed, you must follow the instructions on the packaging.
Sometimes, dry fruits can be supplemented with fresh fruits and boiled vegetables, dairy products, or boiled meat. Supporters of exclusively natural food should remember that:
- Food should not be cold or hot - only at room temperature.
- Poor water contributes to metabolic disorders, and boiled is not quite suitable.
- Spitz should not be given pork (it is too fat).
- Prohibited sweets, sausages and smoked or salted foods.
- Milk or do not give, or give very rarely and monitor the stool.
- Cabbage, beans, peas can cause bloating and cramps. The exception may be sauerkraut.
Spitz should be regularly brushed, but you can rarely bathe, which is a definite plus. Also do not forget about the timely treatment of fleas and ticks.
It should be added that the right toys should not burst. No games with polyethylene, a piece of which a puppy can swallow and die.
In addition, you should carefully consider the selection of the collar, so that the spitz could not get out of it. Puppy is better to make on their hands and put on the ground in a safe place. If an exhibition career is planned, the puppy should be taught to large crowds and walks in noisy places. Do not forget that the spitz are not afraid of even big dogs and do not let them go to conflicts.
You should be very careful with holiday fireworks or firecrackers, as the dog can get very scared. You can not leave the dog alone in the car, especially in the heat - it can get a heat stroke.
Training and education
Thanks to comprehension, the Pomeranian Spitz does not need constant training. At the age of about five months he can easily assimilate all the teams. This breed is well-versed in situations and is ready for anything for the approval of the owner. Most of the teams he understands the first time and rigor, as a rule, in training is almost not needed.
If there is an opportunity to spend a lot of time with a puppy on the street, play sports and occupy his teams, he will be an excellent teammate and his character will not be spoiled by lack of attention and employment.
Health and Disease
At 12 weeks, the last vaccine is done, then a three-week quarantine is given - and only after that you can go outside with a puppy. It should be remembered that you can only vaccinate a healthy puppy, and two weeks before the vaccination should be rid of worms. This is followed by vaccination per year, after changing teeth, and then annually. Worm worms should be no more than 4 times a year.
The normal body temperature is 38-39 degrees (measured with a rectal thermometer), the pulse is 180 beats per minute.
Dwarf breeds have such a common problem as a violation of the change of teeth. This can lead to tartar, caries, malocclusion, and so on. Both natural predisposition and improper feeding (in particular, lack of vitamins and solid food) play a role here.
The teeth need regular care so as not to develop periodontal disease. Brush your teeth with a special brush and paste.
Oranges most often can hurt:
- Atlanto-scapital subluxation,
- medial dislocation of the patella,
- tracheal collapse,
- testicular tumors,
Less commonly, dogs of this breed can get sick:
- sick sinus syndrome,
- congenital dislocation of the elbow joint,
- progressive retinal atrophy.