Fish and other aquatic creatures

5 best soils for aquariums


Which soil is better for an aquarium? Before you choose a substrate, you need to talk about the choice of the vessel itself. This is a very important stage on which it depends whether pets will live in it in the future. Apart from the fact that you need to decide on its size, you also need to take into account the fact that in the future you will need a heating lamp, a water ionizer, various cleaners, etc. And this is not a cheap pleasure. Special attention should be given to the shape of the aquarium. It is desirable that it be rectangular or square. First, it is a classic, and secondly, it will fit into any interior. Do not forget about the stand to it. It is better to immediately buy a special pedestal on the wheels.

This will facilitate the movement of the aquarium around the apartment. And in case of leakage, it will provide easy access to the hole. And if you decide to buy a vessel with a volume of more than 50 liters, then the stand, respectively, must be strong to withstand the entire load. Yes, large aquariums are a big expense. Further, before you enter into the house purchase, you need to look for a suitable place in the apartment. And you should push off here not only from the look of the interior (where the purchased accessory will look more beautiful). We must also take into account the light, humidity in the room. Also, in no case should it be located near a window or electrical appliances (TV, computer, etc.). All, the first stage in establishing a home for fish is over.

Cover and backlight

Now you need to buy all the parts. First of all, you need to take care of the acquisition of the cover. It performs several important functions at the same time. First, the cover protects the aquarium from dust and other foreign objects. Also, it does not allow particularly mobile fish to jump out of it. It covers from direct sunlight, which can, in turn, lead to the multiplication of colonies of algae. And, not least, due to the correctly selected lid in the aquarium, the required water temperature is maintained.

The next important detail in the aquarium assembly is the backlight. It is needed mostly for plants, not for fish. Any algae is not only a decoration of the aquarium, but also a kind of light of its ecosystem. And for their content illumination is a must.

Compressor, filter and other equipment

Next, you need a compressor that is responsible for the concentration of oxygen in the water. Without it, the water in the aquarium will quickly become polluted, as the plants are not able to produce the necessary amount of oxygen for a large volume of water.

It is very important not to forget about such an acquisition as a filter. He maintains purity by holding small particles on his sponge: leftover food, feces and others. A large accumulation of such garbage leads to the release of ammonia into the water. The latter, in turn, is very dangerous for fish and leads to their death.

These are, perhaps, those basic devices that provide and support vital activity in an aquarium.

Additional equipment is a heater, it will be needed in case of a sharp decrease in the temperature in the room. For this you need to purchase a thermometer. Also, you should have scissors for cutting algae and all that is responsible for the mechanical cleaning of the aquarium (tweezers, stone brushes, scrapers for efficient cleaning of the vessel walls from the inside, etc.).

Water for aquarium

It would seem that there can be difficult? Got tap, defended water in advance - and all. Let it be filtered there. Many experienced aquarists will argue that there is no need to invent anything abstruse. It is enough to pour water into the container, and let it stand somewhere there. But here it is worth remembering that the liquid is collecting dust. And if you cover it with a lid, then it will simply start to rot. Water for the aquarium should settle under gauze. This will save it from hitting various small particles and will not lead to swelling. It is advisable to put a small piece of peat in this water. Thanks to him, the liquid will not become cloudy and will be filled with useful trace elements.

When changing a liquid, it is necessary to take into account its temperature and the temperature of the water that was in the aquarium. Water is better to change in the morning. The frequency for different vessels is different. Large aquariums need to change the water no more than once a week, those that are smaller - every three to four days. From the correct fluid and its quality depends on the vital activity of the fish in your vessel.

Now consider the issue of arranging the bottom. And let's start with the fact that we determine which soil is better for an aquarium. Now we will understand. Soil for an aquarium (black quartz, for example) is like a foundation for a house. Therefore, his choice should be approached with all responsibility. In the ground there is a huge amount of beneficial bacteria that process various harmless substances. The substrate can affect water quality.

White ground

Newbies very often make the mistake of choosing a white primer for an aquarium. Yes, he is beautiful. But impractical for several reasons. First, in any dyed soil there is a small amount of beneficial bacteria, which are very necessary for the ecosystem. It is white, which means it is dirty and will look like dirty in time. Also, in the case of illness of pets you have to give them medications. And, as you know, all these medicines are made on the basis of chemistry and, dissolving in water, give their color. Consequently, the white primer will be painted in different colors.

You can choose a substrate of natural origin, which consists of limestone. This material tends to dissolve in water. And this leads to an increase in its rigidity. And many fish die from hard water. Therefore, if you decide to buy white soil, then remember that the inhabitants in the aquarium should be only those who can safely exist in hard water.

It is important that the stones are in the same color scheme with the substrate.

It must be remembered that the soil for fish and the soil for plants in an aquarium are two different things. And since you buy a vessel precisely in order to be filled primarily by living creatures, then the substrate and algae should be selected on the basis of which fish will inhabit it.

Soil selection tips

So which soil is better for an aquarium? For small fish, it is not advised to lay sand on the bottom, as they like to dig into it. In this case, the water in the aquarium will be constantly muddy. When choosing a soil, you first need to study the habits of the fish: what is natural for them and what can harm is in order not to disturb their habitual way of life. Many believe that the ground should be dark in color so that the fish can be seen better. But it’s up to the aquarist himself to decide right now: what he likes more, what color will look more advantageous.

In fact, a layer of soil for fish is not so important, which is not the case with plants. The substrate for algae is the medium of their nutrition. Therefore, the thicker its layer, the better the plants will be able to take root in it. And how much soil do you need for an aquarium? The thickness of the substrate for algae must be at least 5 centimeters. This is the most optimal indicator for most plants. To improve the nutritional properties of the soil, you can put peat pieces or other preparations that will enrich it.

Now it has become clearer how to choose the soil for the aquarium. It is important that it contains as little chemistry as possible. Better to be natural. Painted soil can negatively affect the state of the microflora as a whole.

We clean the soil and laid

Before placing the primer in the aquarium, it must be cleaned. It does not matter if you brought it from the street or bought it at the pet store - the substrate should be washed under running water. It is also desirable to boil, and then dry in the oven. If you decide to take the soil from the natural habitat, then it should be dark gravel or gray sand. Soil, as well as water, must be periodically cleaned or completely replaced. It should be changed every five years.

To clean it, you must purchase special filters. To lay the bottom on the bottom is desirable evenly, increasing the thickness from the front wall to the back. Spreading it in the form of different patterns is not worth it: as all the stones for the aquarium move over time, the desired effect will not work.

Prepare the vessel

After choosing the aquarium, we decided on the place of its location, installed all the necessary devices, it is necessary to carry out disinfection. To do this, the container is filled with a solution of potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide and left for a couple of hours. After that, all the liquid is drained and sweep the bottom and the inner walls.

Now you can lay the ground and begin to decorate the aquarium. After all, at the bottom you should put a lot of interesting houses, or other design details that will decorate it. Also, the bottom can be decorated with different stones, shells, which will give an exotic look. Stones for an aquarium is not only an element of a decor. Many fish love to suck on them, eating those beneficial bacteria that breed on them.

Fill the water and release the fish

Having decorated the bottom of the aquarium, the prepared water is poured into it and the plants are planted. After that, launch snails. They are natural filter feeders that can pre-clear plants and algae. It is desirable that they, before running the fish, stayed in the aquarium for at least a day. The next step is to turn on the compressor, which will saturate the water with oxygen. You must wait a few more days. Then run there first fish. The water temperature in the aquarium should not be below 23 degrees.

Do not run a lot of fish at once. Two or three will be enough for you to observe their behavior and condition. If everything goes well, then in a couple of days it will be possible to hook the following. It is important to remember that after you have launched the fish in the aquarium, you can feed them in a few hours. This will help them more easily withstand the stress of habitat change.

Everything. Now you need to wait until they adapt to new conditions. When choosing fish, consider their compatibility with each other. In the aquarium, you can also run shrimp or small turtles. But it is worth picking them up so that they make up a single ecosystem.

And then you just have to keep the aquarium in good condition.

Unfortunately, it often happens that the first experience is unsuccessful. Despite the fact that newly-made aquarists are thoroughly prepared, they read special literature, they buy everything necessary for arranging their aquatic habitat, the fish still die. This can occur for a number of reasons, which at first glance it is not so easy to identify. It is important to understand that inside the aquarium there is a separate ecosystem. And the slightest disruption can lead to a chain of disruption. As a result, the fish die. Therefore, if you are still afraid and are not sure that the conditions you have created are ideal for fish living, run the same snails beforehand, then shrimp. And making sure that everything is good, you can run the fish. In this case, the main thing - do not rush and carefully prepare everything, rechecking several times.

Soil for the aquarium which company to choose

In the presented ranking, the best soil mixes for aquariums are proposed. Products were selected based on their qualitative composition. The choice of a particular soil depends primarily on the type of aquarium and its inhabitants.

Few were among the most popular and reputable manufacturers.

We arrange the companies in descending order of their popularity in the Russian market:

Consumer assessment of these manufacturers is approximately at the same level. Companies specialize in the production of soils aimed at ensuring the active growth of plants, the purification of the aquatic environment, and the maintenance of an adequate pH level. Products are divided into natural mixtures, neutral, artificial and nutritious. We managed to highlight the top 5 teams.

The best soil mixes for standard aquariums

This product category includes a product of natural origin. This may be small stones, volcanic sand, gravel, pebbles, etc. This is an empty mixture, excluding any nutrient impurities. If such material is used as a plant growth stimulator, then the expected effect should be expected not earlier than six months later. The process starts only after the required amount of nutrients accumulated in the mixture, resulting from the decomposition of waste.

For standard aquariums also suitable treated natural soil. For example, expanded clay, soil from the treated clay. Such a ground is called empty neutral. In such a case, additional fertilizers are used to stimulate the growth of the inhabitants of the aquarium.

The most budget and simple option - sand and gravel

It will be a question of the most popular soil which perfectly will be suitable for the tank settled by unpretentious inhabitants. This mixture is optimal in the case of almost all species of fish and plants.

The product is the best substrate for beneficial microorganisms, it copes well with the biological function. Sand particles reach a maximum of 2 mm, gravel - 5 mm. An approximately equal particle size provides a lower percentage of soil caking. Preference should be given to rolled stones, because sharp stones can injure the inhabitants of the aquarium. One not very pleasant nuance: the plants in such a soil mixture will not grow actively - it will take time to silt or additional fertilizers.

We note a number of the main advantages of this mixture:

  • excellent circulation,
  • neutral to the chemical nature of water,
  • execution of a biological function
  • Easy to clean tank.

Among the shortcomings worth staying at:

  • inability to use in the case of inhabitants burrowing into the ground,
  • the absence of nutrients.

Most buyers were pleased with this kind of soil. Consumers consider this version of the mixture the most simple and economical.

The most natural appearance of the aquarium will give the treated natural soil

The soil of baked clay is considered the most neutral and natural. The rounded surface ensures the safety of the fish. Porosity is an excellent condition for the reproduction of bacteria that are vital to plants. Expanded clay is a natural absorbent that can purify water from excess fertilizer and waste, preventing the growth of algae. This type of soil does not clog.

Of the advantages of the soil mixture should be highlighted:

  • excellent circulation
  • natural appearance
  • chemical neutrality
  • performing a biological function
  • destruction of excess organic matter and fertilizers,
  • smooth surface
  • porous structure
  • easy cleaning of the aquarium.

As cons of the product were:

  • lack of nutritional components,
  • lightness (some large plants need deep planting).

This soil mixture has received excellent user reviews. She especially liked the consumer for the natural brown color.

The best soils for aquariums with abundant flora

This category of product includes all kinds of nutrient mixtures and substrates. Their presence in the aquarium eliminates the need for additional fertilizers. Such soils are suitable for all representatives of the flora. The mixture is added to the ground at the time of the justification of the new aquarium, and is also used in order to improve the composition of old tanks.

The product provides an active, healthy growth of plants, promotes the fastest rooting of the inhabitants of the reservoir, transports nutrients to their root system. The described soil mixtures are not only a guarantee of excellent water circulation, but also greater permeability compared to traditional gravel. The best grounds for aquariums with a large number of "green" inhabitants were two mixtures.

Power Sand Special M (ADA) nutritional blend - the best option for a Dutch or nano-aquarium

The product has proven itself as a food substrate for aquariums. The composition of the soil is peat, mineral fertilizers, porous elements and beneficial microorganisms.

The use of the mixture ensures high-quality biological purification of the aquarium. In addition, the nutrient substrate plays the role of growth stimulant of flora representatives living in the reservoir. The validity of the soil is quite long. The product is also indicated for use in shrimps, since Power Sand Special M (ADA) is also a worthy food base for these organisms.

Note the main positive aspects of the mixture:

  • providing a good nutritional basis for beneficial bacteria,
  • guarantee of excellent circulation in the aquarium,
  • stimulation of growth and development of plants,
  • providing favorable conditions for the reproduction of flora representatives,
  • возможность применения в креветочниках.

В качестве недостатка грунта данной марки:

  • стоимость – она несколько завышена, в сравнении с подобными продуктами.

Общее мнение покупателей о питательной смеси положительное. Many consumers are ready to buy expensive ground for its obvious quality characteristics.

DeponitMix (Dennerle) - the best mixture to stimulate plant growth

It is a soil containing a huge amount of active substances of mineral and organic origin. Such a nutritional substrate will become an indispensable stimulator of plant growth. Usually such a product is used in combination with neutral soils. The mixture contains high-speed substances in the form of granules, as well as impurities of prolonged action. In addition to the above, in the composition of Deponita there will be porous elements and living useful microorganisms.

The product must be accompanied by instructions for its use, which spelled out the dose and procedure for using the soil. Often in the case of Deponita there is a need to use a thermal cable to improve the circulation of water in the tank.

We single out a number of the main advantages of the product:

  • ensuring the biological activity of beneficial microorganisms,
  • stimulation of growth of representatives of flora,
  • "Inhibition" of the process of growth and development of algae in the aquarium.

As cons of the mixture were:

  • possibility of use only in combination with neutral varieties of soil,
  • the possibility of souring the lower levels of the soil.

Most buyers liked the soil. Users find the product an excellent example of the optimal ratio of price and quality.

The best soils for a pseudo aquarium

Cichlidia are representatives of the natural world of Malawi and Tanganyika, who prefer coral chips as a base. The same material will be ideal for a pseudo marine aquarium. The mixture has a porous structure, due to which it can be a substrate. This substance is often used as a filler for aquarium filter. Most often for tanks with fish use a crumb of white color.

The product is environmentally friendly, does not pose a threat to the health of the inhabitants. The material can be used throughout the life of the aquarium. Before being placed on the bottom, the crumb is washed from the dust under running water. Actually, it is the traditional coral baby and will conclude our rating.

Coral baby - the best soil for cichlid

One of the most beautiful decorative elements of pseudo saltwater aquariums. White coral baby looks great in any water landscape. In addition to its attractiveness, the soil is distinguished by a clearly increased chemical activity. It is for this reason that the composition can not be used in all types of aquariums - coral chips increase the indicator of water hardness. In this case, the buyer often faces the choice between a crumb and quartz grains. The last option is not quite a beautiful gray tint. The described soil can be both small and larger fraction.

Let us dwell on the obvious advantages of the product:

  • attractive appearance
  • the rounded shape of the particles - does not harm the fish,
  • structure porosity.

Among the disadvantages of coral chips:

  • the tendency to darken the outer layer of the soil - there is a need for periodic cleaning,
  • an increase in water hardness is not acceptable for all types of inhabitants.

Most buyers consider coral chips the best option for their own "marine" aquarium. Many have placed the highest quality rating on a product.

What soil for aquarium buy

1. The traditional option for a standard aquarium is sand and soil. Such a product should be preferred in the case of an acute statement of the financial issue, since such a soil will be the cheapest.

2. If you are striving for a more natural look of the aquarium, you should stay on brown processed natural soil. However, in this case it is necessary to spend money on additional fertilizers for plants.

3. For the design of the Dutch or nano-aquarium requires a nutritional substrate. The proven product was a mixture of Power Sand Special M from the manufacturer ADA.

4. For lovers of lush vegetation in the miniature water kingdom, the manufacturer Dennerle has made DeponitMix (susbtrat), which will be an excellent activator of the growth of flora representatives. In the case of such a nutritional basis, you can forget about the need to use additional fertilizers for the aquarium.

5. The best choice for cichlidics and pseudo saltwater aquariums will be the traditional coral chips, which not only provide a good indicator of water hardness, but also give the aquarium a refined, natural look.

What is the best soil for the aquarium - the first question a person starting to breed fish

Very often at the initial stage of arranging the “home for fish” the question arises: which soil is better for an aquarium? Although later it loses its relevance and ceases to be actively discussed. However, at the end of the time, mistakes made at the beginning make themselves felt, and as a result large-scale corrections begin.

The main purpose of this article will be the nuances of selection, preparation and placement of soil filler. In addition, the important circumstances in this matter are the decoration and cleaning of the bottom of the aquarium.

Initially, it is worth noting that the black soil for the aquarium is an important part of its configuration. Together with elements such as the background, lighting and additional decorative components, it gives a noticeable uniqueness to the placement. At the same time, being a substrate, the soil provides conditions for the existence of a whole complex of microorganisms and plants.

At the same time, the aquarium nutrient primer works as a primitive filtering mechanism. It accumulates microscopic suspensions that pollute the water, which significantly expands its functions.

Before buying the above-mentioned filler, it is necessary to determine the objectives, as well as the general vision of the "underwater kingdom". In addition, you need to navigate the key aspects of the choice.

The main characteristics of the aquarium soil

Both a small aquarium and its large counterpart must be “painted” with different colors. Usually the owners themselves pick up the jewelry. But despite this, many experts are inclined to the choice of dark soil, allowing a good view of the contents of the aquarium.

If we talk about the expected thickness of the layer, it depends on the parameters of the aquarium, as well as on the number of living and non-living objects. Therefore, the approach to deciding which soil is better for an aquarium to choose is strictly individual.

It should be borne in mind that for aquarium plants and fish soil will have a significant difference. As mentioned above, representatives of the flora use it as a substrate for rooting and subsequent feeding. Given this, it should be not only a decorative component, but also life-supporting.

If you believe the general rules of arrangement of aquariums, the soil should be fine or medium-grained, taking into account the power of root systems. Sand can be used for underdeveloped plants, and coarse-grained fractions can be used for highly developed plants.

Everything else should be considered and nutritional value of the soil, because for plants and fish the right aquarium is a place that allows them to get nutrients. Sometimes peat, clay, as well as special preparations purchased at pet stores are enclosed in the ground.

Note! If you choose which soil is better for an aquarium, then during its purchase you need to study the material from which it is made, and the color scheme. The best option for an aquarium would be a natural unpainted coating.

It is also advisable to determine the chemical composition and the origin of the soil before purchasing it. The presence of limestone will provoke carbonate release, which will significantly increase the hardness of the water. Its presence is evidenced by the release of gas bubbles.

Aquarium Ground Groups

  1. Natural soils - sand, gravel, gravel, pebbles. They can be used where there are small digging species of fish and plants with weak root systems.
  2. Soils obtained by treating natural materials by mechanical or chemical means. They satisfy almost all requirements and are offered in various colors. Despite this, their bright coloring interferes with the natural perception of the aquarium.
  3. Artificial primers - glass or plastic balls made using a special technology. They are absolutely harmless, but they can only be used where there will be single plants. In addition, they are completely unsuitable for keeping burrowing fish.

Since porosity is one of the most important characteristics of the substrate, fine sand with a particle size of less than 1 mm is hardly useful. Everything is due to the fact that in such a filler metabolic processes are disturbed due to the rapid caking of the material. This, in turn, leads to decay of the roots of plants.

In addition, the biological balance, which should "visit" the aquarium at home, is very unstable. In this situation, even mollusks and fish, loosening the soil, do not help.

Sand having a particle size of 2 to 4 mm will be an excellent and readily available substrate. Sufficient porosity affects the metabolic processes, which for a long time remain in their original state.

This option is quite suitable for most plants with both strong and weak root system. In addition, it has a high permeability for newly formed roots.

You can also note the success of small pebbles, the particles of which vary from 4 to 8 mm. The level of its caking is much less than that of sand, but the formation of sludge is very slow. This type of soil is more suitable for large plants with a strong root system.

Pebbles and gravel will decorate, rather, a small aquarium than a large one. In any case, the amount of such soil should be substantial in order to be somehow different from the general background. In addition, pebbles and gravel are not used as an independent substrate.

It is worth noting that all the above-mentioned natural soils are connected by common origin - these are small particles of granite. Their massive distribution argues accessibility for aquarium lovers. Moreover, the color parameters of such soils are from light gray to red shades.

Among artificial substrates, expanded clay is considered to be the most common. It has excellent porosity and low weight, which makes it indispensable for lovers of breeding fish and gardeners. During the transplantation of plants, this type of soil practically does not injure the root systems.

Together with the above advantages, the internal part of claydite is an anaerobic flora - oxygen-free microorganisms. They purify water from numerous organic compounds, which over time appear in the aquarium.

To determine how much soil you need in an aquarium, you should take into account its individual parameters. Among them are marked the size of the "house for fish", as well as the fullness of living and non-living components.

Soil preparation

If there is an aquarium of 200 liters, then before laying the ground it is necessary to prepare its bottom. This is especially true of the aquarium soil, which is collected "on the street." Mandatory washing and boiling are the main procedures that prevent infection.

Shopping purchase to boil is not necessary, but it needs to be washed and pour boiling water. It eliminates the use of soap or other cleaning products, since subsequently it will be very difficult to wash the chemical impurities out of the soil. At the very least, it will take a lot of time and effort that you can use for other efficiencies.

These procedures are fundamental. If you have properly processed and prepared the ground for the aquarium, the price for it, even if it was substantial, will not be of particular importance to you later. It should be noted that it is not necessary to wait for the complete drying of the future “stone bottom”, since the wet state is natural for it.

Placement of soil in the aquarium

If you follow the recommendations of experienced aquarists, the soil should be laid in three layers. Moreover, the content and nature of the placement should correspond to a specific sequence.

The bottom layer should consist of gravel that is enriched with laterite iron or clay. Its thickness should be from 3 to 5 cm and include balls with fertilizer. In addition, there may be a mixture of trace elements that do not contain phosphates and nitrites, which are so destructive for plants and fish.

It is desirable in the soil mixture to focus on iron, which is present in chelated form. Otherwise, it will simply not be available for food representatives of flora and fauna. In addition, ferrous sulphate, usually used for feeding garden bushes, will not work, since it will significantly reduce the acidity of water.

If heating cables are used, they are also laid in this layer. They should not be located directly on the bottom, because uneven heating leads to cracking of the glass, and the house aquarium can quickly deteriorate. In addition, sand and clay in this case will be inappropriate - they will also be heated unevenly.

The middle layer should contain land with impurities of peat, constituting 15-25% of the total volume of bottom soil. Its thickness can be no more than 2-3 cm, since an overabundance of soil enriched with peat can provoke the process of decay. If in the ground there is a large amount of organic matter, then it can be supplemented with sand.

In addition to all the middle layer can be filled with trace elements and clay balls. However, for this you need to conduct thorough training of peat and land. Strictly speaking, such a rule holds for each layer.

The top layer should be of fine gravel mixed with sand. About 5 cm of this soil prevents the turbidity of water due to peat contact with the ground. It is here that stones are used for the aquarium, which can be purchased at the same pet store.

If in the aquarium there are snails or fish digging in the ground, then you need to grow plants in pots or increase the thickness of the upper layer. This will prevent significant damage to their root systems.

It should be noted that usually the soil in the aquarium is uneven. Although it can be distributed in such a way that it will have the form of a slide, which rises towards the back wall. This option of the bottom flooring can visually give the aquarium a volume and a more spectacular appearance.

Most novice aquarists lay out various patterns from the ground. Since they are gradually moved by the action of water, these compositions are short-lived. Of course, this is not so scary, but the overall appearance of the aquarium can still deteriorate.

The final procedures that will make the aquarium 200 liters perfect will be the installation of the decor, pouring water and planting plants. This should be taken care of in advance so as not to "slow down" the overall process of arrangement.

Design and decoration

For modern aquaria one laying of the soil will not be enough. After all, only a professionally designed aquarium can harmoniously fit into the interior and delight its observers for an infinitely long time. Therefore, the more responsible the approach to decorating it, the more it will be able to bring joy to others.

As mentioned above, for a full-fledged "entry" into the interior of a room, it is necessary to choose not only the ground, but also the background with the decorative elements.

The role of the scenery is no less important than the representatives of the flora and fauna that fill the aquarium. If the answer to the question, which soil is better for an aquarium, has already been registered earlier, then you need to talk about the design in more detail. Everything is explained by the fact that the decor will be able to mask the equipment installed inside the aquarium.

Types of decorating the bottom and glasses

  • Snags from different types of wood (alder, mango, mopani).
  • Multicolored stones.
  • Sea corals and shells.
  • Pebbles, black quartz, coral sand.
  • Plastic and live plants.
  • Backgrounds for the aquarium in the form of a film on the glass.
  • Various items (castles, sunken ships, arches, volcanoes, statues).

Care of aquarium soil

After the main points concerning the quantity and quality of bottom soil have been resolved, you should proceed to the question of how to siphon the soil in the aquarium. Simply put, how to remove accumulated mud sediment from its bottom.

Of course, there are special devices, called aquarium siphons, which are analogous to conventional hoses. They are elongated flasks and flexible tubes with a length of 1.6 to 2 m and a diameter of 2 cm. These components are connected through special openings, representing a hose with increased dimensions.

After installing the above-mentioned cleaning structure, it sinks into the aquarium and recites its activities. Due to the periodic suction of air, the water from the aquarium begins to pour out, and the most polluted areas of the soil become clean. Некоторые аквариумисты во время поиска ответа на вопрос, как чистить грунт в аквариуме, могут использовать обычные медицинские спринцовки.

Пока сифон перемещается с места на место, внешний его конец можно зажимать, тем самым препятствуя излишней потере воды. Modern options for cleaning devices are already equipped with taps to adjust the pressure, so it’s easier to clean the aquarium with them.

During cleaning, lower the end of the hose, from which dirt comes out, below the water level of the aquarium itself. This must be done so that the dirt does not overflow.

In addition to the aforementioned siphon variant, there are other designs for cleaning. Most often, these are electric pumps equipped with special fabric bags that filter water. However, here we must take into account that there can get stones for the aquarium, so it is recommended to use them as carefully as possible.

The preference of the siphon over the usual hose is confirmed by the presence of the processes of “drilling of the soil” during cleaning. Although, on the other hand, the dirt is much lighter than the soil filler, and it should come out unhindered.

High-quality soil allows the aquarium to give the appearance of a natural reservoir, creating a unique color background for its inhabitants. However, in addition to performing decorative functions, it maintains biological balance by determining the composition and properties of water. In addition, millions of microorganisms "work" in it, providing natural purification of the surrounding air.