Smooth-haired Fox Terrier, aka Fox Terrier (Smooth), is a British breed of hunting dogs, bred in the XIX century in Ireland. These terriers, often referred to as “gentlemen among dogs”, combine endless devotion to their owner and boundless bravery, excellent scent and artistry. Representatives of this breed, created for burrow hunting for badgers, raccoons and foxes, today in most cases live in city apartments, and in forests and fields they have never been in their lives. Here is just a hunting instinct is not a hindrance: any fast-moving object (for example, a bird, a cat or even a dog) can be the subject of prosecution.
There is no exact information on which breeds were chosen, in order to get a smooth fox terrier. Dog experts say that they have the blood of white English, black and tan and smooth black and tan terriers, spaniels and greyhounds, bull terriers and bigley, bulldog.
Why is it called that?
In cynology there are many breeds in which the word "terrier" is present. With their external dissimilarity, all of them are distant, but relatives. And the ancestors of such breeds were bred in the British Isles.
Fox Terrier is the common name for a group of hunting dogs, including two main varieties: smooth and wire-haired. "Fox" in translation from English means "fox", and "terrier" (the changed Latin word terra) is translated as "earth". Thus, the smooth-haired fox terrier dog is a breed intended for underground (burrowing) fox hunting.
The first information about Fox Terriers relate to 55 BC. Oe., when the Roman legionaries who arrived on the British Isles, saw these hunting dogs. In the written sources of the XI century, preserved to this day, there are many references to burrows or underground terriers. Images of such dogs allow us to speak about their great similarity with modern fox terriers.
By the 17th century, as a result of the selection of hunting dogs, various breeds of terriers began to take shape according to temperament and working skills, including burrows, such as a smooth-haired fox terrier.
For the first time this breed was presented at the English dog show in 1861. Around the same time, five Fox Terriers were bred, who are considered to be the founders of the smooth-haired modern variety. In 1875, the British hunters organized the English Fox Terrier Club, and the following year the first standard of this breed was drafted and adopted, which turned out to be so successful that it is used with minor changes so far.
Fox terriers began to be especially popular in the British aristocratic circles during the reign of Queen Victoria. Representatives of this breed were popular not only in high society, but also among ordinary citizens who began to earn money by breeding such popular dogs.
By the end of the 19th century, smooth-haired Fox Terrier puppies were exported to various European countries, primarily to Russia, Germany and Austria. Most of the animals exported were from reliable breeders such as Francis Redmont. A significant contribution to the improvement of the breed was made by German breeders, who paid great attention to the improvement of the hunting working qualities of fox terriers.
As already mentioned, there are two varieties of this breed: wire-haired and smooth-haired fox terrier, the description of which differs only in the characteristics of wool: stiffness and length. In the canine association FCI, these varieties are considered separate breeds, for which different standards are used.
Smooth-haired Fox Terriers have a muscular, strong, dry and proportional physique. Their backs are short, with strong bones, but the dog should not look shapeless and awkward. The neck is muscular and long, widening towards the shoulders. The rib cage is narrow but deep. Dogs in the rack should be impressed with a bowstring.
An unusual docked tail directed upwards (unlike other breeds, it does not wag, but is shaken). It is quite strong, which allows in case of danger to extract a dog for it from the hole. The skull is rather flat, tapering to the nose with a poorly pronounced transition from the muzzle to the forehead. Strong jaws tightly closed and have a scissor bite. The eyes are dark, usually rounded, but the ears are small and triangular.
Smooth Fox Terrier should have a straight, dense and smooth coat. The color is preferred white, but it can be combined with black and red markings. Red or tiger inclusions are undesirable. Dogs weight varies from 7.5 to 8 kg, and bitches - from 7 to 7.5 kg.
Fox terriers are active, intelligent, friendly, but rather stubborn dogs, which can cause some difficulties during training. This small dog with a clockwork temperament is ready to play and frolic at any time. Lightning reaction and very fast, rapid movements allow it to instantly react to any action of the owner or other animals, but negatively affect the development of calm behavior and endurance.
People who can not provide long and active walks, as well as the older generation (with reduced motor activity) should not get a dog like a smooth Fox Terrier. Owner reviews suggest that pets of this breed do not tolerate insufficient attention to their person, and they may be jealous of other animals to other animals.
Foxes are sociable and quite pleasant in communication, but it is worth noting such a feature of them as the complete lack of tolerance for what they do not like. Even the owner can get into "disfavor" if he committed, in the dog's opinion, an inappropriate act. A rare Fox Terrier in a healthy state will calmly respond to physical punishment and will not resist such violence.
Representatives of this breed are very addicted in the process of chasing and at that moment simply do not hear the cries and other signals of the owners. That is why it is recommended to bring fox terriers on a leash so as not to lose the dog or prevent its injuries in the city.
You should not get dogs of this breed, if you have very young children. Indeed, Foxes are very fond of children, only if the child hurts the dog during the game, he can bite back and answer, without knowing if it was done on purpose.
Modern cynological standards, according to which hard-haired and smooth-haired fox terriers are considered to be different breeds, forbid them to knit with each other. If you are planning to breed this breed, then you should contact the club or kennel, where you will be told when and how mating occurs. The Fox Terrier smooth-haired in this regard is not a particularly difficult dog, today it is quite simple to choose the right pair for your pet.
How much is?
Immediately make a reservation that pedigreed dogs with pedigree and a full package of documents are expensive, in the range of 400-500 US dollars. Fox terrier smooth-haired, the price of which is below 10 000 rubles, usually sold without pedigree and any documents. If you buy a fun companion and pet of the family, which you do not plan to exhibit, then you can easily do without official documents.
Characteristics of the breed Fox terrier smooth coat
Fox Terrier - Smooth - small, less than the average breed of dogs, bred for hunting foxes.
For a long time, smooth-haired Fox Terriers were very popular among hunters, as they are not only excellent hunters, but also good watchmen.
Due to its small size, excellent smell and amazing courage, he becomes a dangerous enemy of raccoons, foxes and badgers.
Keeping such a dog in an apartment is not difficult, a wonderful friend who is especially attached to children.
Fox is the most suitable pet for home content.
Fox terrier is a smooth-haired - temperamental, energetic, cheerful and very attached to the owner of the breed.
Description of Fox Terrier smooth-haired with a photo
Characterized by a strong physique, with its relatively small size. Representatives of this breed are distinguished by speed, strength and endurance.
The addition of the body is proportional, with a strong repulsion of the hind legs, they strongly carry them forward along the length of the whole body.
Dog weight can reach 7kg -8.2 kg, but females weigh from 6.8kg to 7.7 kg.
Growth in withers of an adult dog reaches 39.5 cm, bitches slightly shorter.
The extremities of dogs have well developed bones.
The hind legs are muscular, strong and straight.
When viewed from the front legs - they should be straight, with close and parallel set relative to each other.
The paws should form an extension of the straight line of the shoulders.
The rib cage is deep in the breed, while the ribs are moderately convex and elastic.
The back is short, strong and straight.
The coat of a smooth Fox Terrier is straight, thick, tough, smooth and close to the body.
Color requires special attention - Fox terriers are either pure white, or white with brown or black spots. The presence of other marks is not acceptable.
Bite in this breed is scissors, teeth strong and strong.
Smooth-haired Fox Terrier breed has excellent health, however, diseases such as diabetes, cataracts, epilepsy or deafness can occur.
The character of the Fox Terrier smooth-haired
Fox terriers are very attached to their family and are often demanding of themselves, especially if they do not receive the necessary physical activity.
If the dog is not given enough attention and load, it can cause constant barking and destructive behavior. Therefore, if you know in advance that you can not give your pet enough attention and care, it is better not to start Fox.
This breed can be safely called universal - they will play with pleasure both with very young children and small children, and with teenagers.
It is worth noting that the smooth-haired Fox Terrier is very jealous, so if there are other pets in the family, he can be jealous and angry with you.
The dog will want to be the center of attention, to feel care and love from all family members. Like most other terriers, these are great lovers of constant movement. Butterflies, cats and even small rodents will easily become the object of pursuit of a terrier.
It is important to know that a smooth-haired Fox Terrier can without any apparent reason get involved in a fight, even with large dogs, so you must constantly monitor the dog, including training and training.
The suspicious and sensitive nature of the smooth Fox Terrier makes him an excellent watchdog.
Since the nature of these dogs is extremely energetic, people with a sedentary lifestyle are not recommended to start this breed.
Smooth Fox Fox Terrier puppies are very active and love regular games, but at the same time they are very obedient and docile. Having matured, the dog does not lose activity at all, he will fulfill the learned commands with the same enthusiasm, meeting you with wagging with his beautiful tail.
It is not recommended to leave foxica alone for a long time, it is better to leave the dog to the kennel for the period of departure, as it will start to get very sad and sad.
This breed does not tolerate loneliness and needs constant attention to itself.
Fox Terrier smooth coat: maintenance and care
Smooth Fox Terrier, from those breeds that do not require special care.
To care for the Fox Terrier is quite simple - for this you need to comb wool several times a week, thus removing dead scraps.
During the period of molting is recommended to comb up to 2 times a week. In the pet store you can find a wide variety of mittens and brushes designed for smooth-haired dogs.
Thanks to such a brush, it is convenient not only to comb the wool, but also to clean it from carpets and furniture.
The Fox Terrier needs to wash its paws every day after finishing the walk, wiping the wool with a suede cloth. It is necessary to wipe in the direction of growth of wool.
Bathing: It is not recommended to bathe often, it is advisable to dry the pet well, especially the ears. A puppy may catch a cold because it has a thick undercoat that dries long enough.
Walking is best on a leash, as this will help avoid random fights with dogs. It is necessary to accustom to the leash since childhood, so that in the future the dog would walk quietly on a leash and not perceive it as a punishment. The dog needs not only physical exertion, but also mental.
Work with your dog team regularly or train new ones.
Cut the claws 1 time in 2 weeks, especially if the pet walks a little, and they do not grind themselves.
Ears should be cleaned at least once a month; a simple cotton swab is used for this. This is necessary to avoid various inflammations and infections.
If you plan to represent your pet at exhibitions, then you need to stop the tail. However, if there are no such intentions, then stopping is not mandatory.
You can walk your puppy smooth Fox Fox Terrier 15 days after the second vaccination. It is best to walk on a sunny day, the duration of the walk should be no more than 15 minutes, and the walk time should gradually increase.
Fox will feel great anywhere, without creating problems - this is a fun and lively dog. Once the fox terrier got the nickname "little athlete of the dog world", so he deserves an active and mobile lifestyle.
The first mention of the representatives of this breed refers to the year 1617. They were described as earthen dogs that do an excellent job with foxes. But only a century later, people began purposeful selection work with these hunting dogs. As a result, a new species appeared - the burrowed terrier, after some time it was singled out into an independent breed.
The representative of the breed created a sensation at the exhibitions, and many experts predicted that the Fox Terriers would soon lose their excellent working qualities. However, these fears were not justified, in field trials smooth-haired Foxes showed excellent results.
Breed description Smooth Fox Terrier
Feature of Fox Terriers - their stand, it looks like a horse, this is especially noticeable when the dog is standing, but is about to jerk and run. Purebred dog has a harmonious addition, clearly defined body, well-developed bones and a harmonious length of limbs.
It is possible to distinguish a male from a female in terms of the face, but in size dogs are more often larger than females, but not always. The standard does not indicate which growth there must be individuals, but more often their growth is 33-41 cm. It is desirable that the working dog be no higher than 38 cm. Weight the same is clearly regulated: males weigh from 7.3 to 8.2 kg, females - 6.8-7.7 kg.
The official document of the dog is described as follows:
- Head narrow, with a flat forehead, which narrows to the area of the eye arcs. The transition to the muzzle is not noticeable, the muzzle is almost rectangular in shape, tapers quite a bit and gently rounded.
- Maxillary apparatus is strong, well developed. The cheekbones are flattened, the cheeks and the area under the eyes are filled, but in moderation. Large teeth, set smoothly, the standard allowed only the correct bite on the type of "scissors".
- Nose is covered with black pigment.
- Eyes round or oval, small, deep-seated. The shade of the iris should be brown, as dark as possible. The look is expressive, curious, with funny sparkles.
- Ears - moderately thick, broken a little above the forehead, the tips go down to the cheekbones, but do not hang down the sides.
- Body It is compact, rectangular, but not very elongated. The neck is of medium length, noticeably widening towards the shoulders. Sternum of decent depth, but not wide, false edges are not visible.
- The back is shortened, strong, well muscled, goes into moderately pronounced lower back and croup with gentle tilting.
- Limbs the front ones stand vertically to the ground, the hind legs are drawn further than the body line, they look more powerful and strong. Shoulders have a sharp bevel.
- Tail more recently, most fox terriers were stopped, but today this procedure is prohibited in some countries, so individuals with tails of natural length are more common. If it is stopped, they do it by 2/3. It is located and carried high, it looks like a saber.
Color and quality of wool
If you compare dogs with smooth wool and hard-haired, the latter look more effective, but the first type of coat has a number of advantages - it becomes less polluted and does not require trimming. The smooth-haired Fox Terrier has a dense, rigid, uniform length throughout the body, only in the area of the muzzle and on the limbs it is slightly shortened.
The color of purebred dogs is tricolor, the basic tone is white, there are spots of black, black or brown shade on it. Пятна ярко-красного, чисто коричневого являются нежелательными, как и наличие на них тигровины.
Features of the nature of fox hunters
If we talk about temperament, the Fox Terrier is a lively, friendly dog, courageous and very brave. Fox terrier by nature possesses hunting instincts, it is energetic, hardy, easy-going and bold. He has a very sensitive nose and increased activity, the dog cannot sit still for a minute.
Working tests of representatives of this breed are not mandatory, but the dog must be angry with the beast - this characteristic is considered fundamental. Outside the house, dogs are vigilant, they carefully inspect everything around, without missing details.
Such a pet is equally in need of regular physical exertion and attention from the family. A long loneliness dog carries very hard, it negatively affects both his mood and character.
The bored fox terrier turns into a pest, but barking for no reason, gnawing furniture and spoiling property, it starts not from harm, but in order to show the owners how sad and lonely it is. That is why such a pet should be brought to a family where someone is constantly at home.
The dog is very loving and friendly, it quickly gets used to the owner and the household, especially to the children. The dog is patient, playful and agile, so it will be a great companion for the child in all pranks, pranks and games.
Relationships with other animals in these little hunters do not add up. Foxes, most often males, become the instigators of fighting, proving their superiority. A passing animal, whether a cat or a mouse, is sure to become the object of the hunt. Another nuance - the dog does not get along well with other animals for one more reason - he is quite jealous.
It is not recommended for elderly or overly busy people to start such a four-legged friend - the Fox Terrier needs training, active walks and frequent on-site activities. And if the owner is not going to engage in hunting, then you can attract your pet to the sport - in many disciplines this dog is very successful.
The pet is mistrustful to strangers, alert, it is able to be a fearless protector, therefore it can do the work of a watchman. A bark of barking will immediately notify all households about the intrusion of a stranger into their territory.
Education and training four-legged friend
Many people mistakenly believe that small dogs do not require training. But even a little dog can be a big problem if he leaves puddles around the house, spoiling things and barking with or without. Therefore, a compact pet should be taught to obedience and socialize in a timely manner.
Representatives of hunting breeds are not as docile as sheep-dogs or service dogs. They can be very self-willed and stubborn, so the owner will have to be patient and pay a little more time to education and training.
The child should be trained from the first days, as soon as he got into a new house, initially paying 15-20 minutes, gradually increasing this time and the number of lessons up to 3-4 per day. Longer, monotonous lessons pet quickly bored.
You can not use physical punishment, rudeness, but sometimes you can not do without strict suggestion. Do not forgive the dog disobedience, otherwise in the future it will shirk at the first opportunity turned up - not from laziness, but purely from stubbornness and self-will.
The Fox Terrier is not the dog that unquestioningly executes commands from the first time. At first, he will have to repeat them many times. But with proper consolidation of knowledge, he learns for a long time. The dog is very happy to accept any encouragement, so do not skimp on the praise, affection and food, but they should only be deserved.
Features of care and health
As already noted, the wool in this type of fox terriers is easier to clean. They bathe the pet once every 4-8 weeks, usually in the winter less often, and brush it out with a massage brush once a week. Dry coat is dry for a long time, so the pet should take this hygienic procedure long before walking.
Twice a year fox terriers shed, during this period it is necessary to brush the fur more often. In the harsh climatic conditions, the owner should worry about the set of winter clothes. But if the temperature does not fall below -20 °, then there is no need for this - the movable dog will not freeze.
Every month you should inspect the ears of the dog, if the dog is working, then it should be done every time after the hunt. If necessary, they are cleaned with antibacterial wipes or lotions. Also, experts advise removing hairs from the ear canal to reduce the likelihood of inflammation and infection.
Pet's teeth also require attention, as representatives of this breed often have a tartar on the enamel. Once a week they can be cleaned with toothpaste intended for dogs. As a preventive measure, the doggie is given pieces of solid food or dentological treats. If stony deposits appear, then you need to visit a veterinary clinic.
Paw pads and claws are to be inspected, excess coat from these areas is clipped, claws are trimmed as they grow back - usually 2-3 procedures per month are required.
In winter, the roads are covered with mixtures that can irritate the skin of animal paws, so after walking it is recommended to wash the paws, wipe them with a cloth and lubricate with fats. If cracks appear, they can be treated with propolis tincture.
Although the coat is smooth, various parasites can settle on it, especially in spring and summer. Therefore, after walking it is recommended to carefully examine the integuments for the detection of blood-sucking insects.
The complex of care procedures necessarily include systematic vaccination, treatment of worms and regular examination at the veterinarian in order to prevent various pathologies.
With proper care, on average, Fox Terriers live for 16 years. But representatives of this breed are often identified hereditary diseases. More often they suffer from the following pathologies:
- hormonal disorders,
- allergic reactions, often food,
- dermatological diseases
- Perthes disease,
- eye problems - distichiaz, cataract, glaucoma,
- Neurological disorders - Dogs often suffer from epilepsy.
Mode and diet feeding
The pet owner can feed with natural products or pick a suitable balanced feed. With natural feeding should make the most complete diet, which will include enough protein and other elements. But even in this case, the dog is recommended to give vitamin supplements.
The dog should receive protein food, which is at least half of the total amount of food. Moreover, 2/3 is animal protein and 1/3 is vegetable. Sources of fiber are cereals - buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, and vegetables - carrots, pumpkin, cabbage. Porridge seasoned with fresh herbs and vegetable oil.
It is advisable once a week to arrange an adult pet fasting day. You can give the dog pieces of raw vegetables, rye crackers. For normal operation of the digestive system, it is imperative to give fermented milk products - cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, etc.
When choosing dry food, you should pay attention to premium and super premium brands - they contain high-quality ingredients and are better balanced. Fox Terrier is suitable menu designed for dogs, the weight of which does not exceed 10 kg, leading an active lifestyle.
At any feeding, the pet must have round-the-clock access to clean drinking water, and it must be changed to fresh every day. Adult dogs are fed twice a day, preferably in the morning and evening, puppies - about 4.
Buying a puppy
Before buying a smooth-haired Fox Terrier puppy, it is important to decide for what purposes you need a pet - for hunting, as a pet, a sports career, or to participate in exhibitions and shows.
Puppy for hunting should be taken from working parents. Usually such offspring at the genetic level have enough malice towards the beast, and they are characterized by increased activity. But litter from a successful pair in the hunt is usually not cheap.
A puppy of pure blood, with documents and good data, is best purchased in a specialized nursery. Especially if you need a baby for the subsequent breeding and participation in exhibitions. In addition, breeders provide all possible assistance in growing their ward.
Unfortunately, in Russia there are not so many kennels that breed short-haired fox terriers; more often they work with their hard-haired brothers. However, there are still similar places - “Nikon Fox” (Moscow) http://nikonfoks.com, which breeds smooth-haired, wire-haired, toy-fox terrier and Jack Russell terrier. You can also find an experienced breeder who has a good reputation and is familiar with the breed characteristics.
Puppies with pedigree, excellent data from titled parents cost about 30,000 rubles on average. The price of babies, intended for the soul or breeding, with documents, is 15000-20000 rubles. You can buy a puppy from random sellers for less than 10,000 rubles, but in this case the cleanliness of the breed and working qualities are a big question.
The Fox Terrier is a positive, cheerful and very active little dog that will not allow the family to be bored. And if the house lacks such a four-legged friend, then you can begin to search for a suitable puppy.
A bit of history
The first mentions of these animals appeared in books dated 1617. They were written about as earthen dogs, able to easily cope with foxes. In the same sources indicated that these animals were very different from representatives of other hunting breeds. They could be underground for a relatively long time, so they gained immense popularity.
About a hundred years later, purposeful work began on the breeding of this species of hunting dogs. They were obtained by crossing representatives of several breeds. The result of this selection are the so-called burrowing terriers. After some time they were separated into an independent breed. The Fox Terrier is a smooth coat, the photo of which will be presented just below, quickly turned into a regular exhibitor. But, contrary to forecasts and fears, he has not lost his hunting qualities. His success at exhibitions only complemented the excellent results of field trials. As a result, the breed has become even more popular. Today, these dogs are bred almost all over the world.
Fox Terrier - Smooth: breed description
These are small strong dogs with a fairly dense proportional body. The height of an adult individual does not exceed 41 centimeters, and its weight ranges from seven to nine kilograms. Under the compact body of the animal there are two pairs of even and strong limbs. The distance between the forelegs parallel to each other should be relatively small.
On the small head are dark, close-set eyes and relatively small ears, adjacent to the cheekbones. The dry long neck has no dewlap and expands slightly in the area of the shoulder blades. The body of the dog is covered with short, straight and pleasant to the touch coat. As for color, it may be white with black or brown markings. Spots of any other color are considered marriage, so these dogs are not allowed to breed.
Fox Terrier - Smooth: Character Description
These funny mischievous dogs have a rather complex temper. They have a well-developed sense of self-worth. Therefore, they will defend their rights in every possible way. Any attempts to show the dog that he has neither rights nor freedom will be perceived by him as a personal insult.
In general, these dogs are friendly, active and energetic. With proper upbringing, the smooth-haired Fox Terrier will become a loyal and devoted protector of his owner and his family. Representatives of this breed are very temperamental and almost instantly react to any actions of the owner. This feature slightly complicates the process of training and badly affects the development of endurance and calm behavior.
Maintenance and care
These animals are quite unpretentious in everyday life. They do not need complex specific care. It is recommended to bathe smooth-haired fox terriers no more than twice a year or as they become heavily soiled. This should be done using special shampoos, sold in pet stores. From time to time the dog's coat should be brushed with a stiff brush. This helps to maintain the direction of hair growth and speedy disposal of molting undercoat.
Representatives of this breed need long active walks. But it is desirable to take them outside only on a long leash, fastened to a well-fitted harness. Otherwise, the dog may run after the object of interest and get under the wheels of the car or accidentally get lost.
If the smooth-haired Fox Terrier is not in the apartment, but in a private house, then the owners should take care of a sufficiently high fence. Otherwise, the dog will easily jump over the fence and chase after some moving object.
What to feed such a dog?
The diet of the smooth-haired Fox Terrier can consist of industrial or natural food. In the first case, it is desirable to give preference to quality products not lower than the premium class. A dog that feeds on dry industrial food gets along with it all vital vitamins and trace elements.
Those who plan to give their pet natural food will have to take care that most of the dog's diet consists of meat, fish or by-products. In addition, the animal must necessarily receive a sufficient amount of fiber. In addition to beef, chicken, buckwheat, rice and rolled oats, the dog's menu should include carrots, pumpkin, zucchini and some cabbage.
If it is enough to feed an adult dog twice a day, then smooth-haired Fox Terrier puppies, depending on age and body weight, should receive food from three to six times a day.
Features of training
Breed fox terrier smooth-haired is interesting because its representatives are prone to stubbornness and quick response to everything that happens. Therefore, their owner will have to show maximum attention and make every effort to properly raise a puppy.
In order for a manageable and civilized dog to grow from a small touching lump, you need to train him from the day he appeared in your house. A dog living in an urban setting must necessarily be trained in basic commands and socialized in a timely manner. The animal must adequately respond to strangers, transport and their relatives.
Fox terriers do not need to undergo protective or guard dog training. For hunting dogs, special bases are functioning, complete with enclosures with wild animals. Qualified instructors work on their territory, under whose leadership the pre-dressing of burrowing dogs occurs.
Smooth fox terriers can often be seen at sporting events. They take part in obedience or agility competitions. With no less pleasure, representatives of this breed play with a regular ball or rubber ducks.
Often, novice owners who have bought their first puppy are not even aware of the existence of certain pitfalls. To avoid such troubles, you should familiarize yourself in advance with the features of the dogs of the breed you like. For example, owners of Fox Terriers should understand that these dogs love to eat, and if they are not controlled, they will quickly gain excess weight and acquire health problems. To keep your pet in good shape, it is recommended to provide him with sufficient physical activity.
Also, some difficulties may arise at the puppy training stage. In this case, do not give up and abandon his undertaking. Show maximum perseverance, and even better, be like practicing with a qualified instructor.
Most members of this breed can bark piercingly, so they need to wean from this bad habit from an early age. In addition, fox terriers should not be left alone with other pets.
The dogs kept in the local area, it is better to settle in the covered enclosures. This is due to the fact that Fox Terriers are very jumping and can easily jump over a fairly high fence. In addition, representatives of this breed are constantly making attempts to escape outside the fenced area. For this they are ready to dig and dig deep holes.
Many people who have a dog of this breed, indicate that the smooth-haired Fox Terrier does not tolerate a lack of communication and can be jealous of its owner to other pets. In all other respects, these are very sociable and pleasant-to-communicate dogs.
However, they are intolerant to physical impact and are unlikely to calmly respond to the manifestation of rudeness. Also, experienced owners of such animals recommend walking them only on a leash. Это позволит уберечь их от возможных несчастных случаев, поскольку увлекшийся погоней пес не обращает внимания на окрики хозяина.
Порода была выведена на Британских островах. В средневековой Англии всех собак, предназначенных для норной охоты, называли терьерами ─ "земляными собаками" и использовали для охоты на лис, енотовидных собак и барсуков.
In the photo - modern bitch (left) and male from litter from world champion Sioux van Greyland.
The exterior was of little interest to the hunters of that time. Courage, endurance and quick-wittedness were fundamental qualities that the breeders tried to improve when crossing different terriers.
Therefore, the smooth-haired Fox Terriers proper, which differed significantly from the rest, appeared only in the 17th century. And in XVIII ─ thanks to the universal hobby of fox hunting ─ the breed reached unprecedented popularity. Subsequently, she came from she-haired Fox Terriers (and not vice versa, as many believe).
The short and smooth wool inherent in the breed Smooth Fox Terrier, does not need special care. It is enough to bathe the pet every 1-2 months and carefully comb it out during shedding.
In winter, some owners put on their pets warm overalls that protect them from the cold. For an actively moving dog, such precautions are unnecessary. The need for additional warming occurs only when the air temperature is 15 ─ 20 degrees below zero.
The character of the Fox Terrier cannot be called simple, it is a person who has his own point of view regarding everything that is happening around.
Along with rampant gaiety, he is characterized by a sense of self-esteem, thanks to which any encroachment on the freedom and rights of this restless person is regarded as an insult. And so that something, but the terriers are able to defend their rights!
Without thinking, they will show their teeth in order to express their disagreement with the interlocutor, be it a family member, a neighbor or another dog, in respect of whom the Foxes show themselves as solid teasers.
Therefore, to bring up a pet, the owner will have to show affection, patience and firmness of character at the same time to make it clear to the pet who is the boss.
Task: find a dog in the photo 🙂
If the Smooth Fox Terrier appeared in the house - silence and boredom are no longer there. He organizes a hunt for toys, will be worn with the children in the yard and will dig up the entire garden in search of some kind of treasure known to him alone. Therefore, neat beds are incompatible with representatives of this breed.
Despite the liveliness of character, this baby will also feel great in a small apartment, provided there are daily long and intense walks that allow one to splash out raging energy.
He will become a funny friend for children taught to treat animals, but the adult will remain the highest authority for him, so during the joint games all participants need to be looked after.
This doggie is ready to accompany the owner during cycling and morning runs, on trips out of town, family sports events, trips to the sea and to the mountains.
On the trip and at home, he will diligently guard the landlord’s property, barking loudly, warning of the approach of strangers.
And every picnic in the forest will actually be a hunt for a sleek Fox Terrier (photo by Victoria from Tallinn with her 4-year-old Semen)
When purchasing a smooth-haired Fox Terrier puppy, you need to take into account the presence of an irresistible hunting passion that creates difficulties in coexistence with other animals. Some representatives of the breed live peacefully in the same house with cats, but this is rather an exception to the rule. More small animals, especially rodents, the presence of such a hunter is a mortal danger.
The excitability of the Fox, their hyperactive behavior will be people accustomed to silence. Lovers of quiet pastime and unhurried walks in the fresh air should know that this is definitely not their pet version.
Training and education
The mobility and vigorous energy of the Smooth Fox Terrier opens wide horizons in canine sports: agility, dog frisbee, cancross - this is not a complete list of the types of training in which this four-legged athlete can take part and win.
Many of them implement their hunting instincts in training on the pre-treatment or the real hunt.
An inquisitive mind allows representatives of this breed to easily master the standards of early, obedience, and if the owner turns his studies into an exciting game, then the fox will gladly take part in learning the circus tricks and freestyle movements.
The following video gives a more complete picture of the excess energy in Fox. with which the owner will have to do something:
If it is serious, then on the video - training of the champion of Germany in frisbee, dog a priori driving and active.
Congenital diseases are not so much in smooth fox terriers. Of the hereditary diseases, the most common are:
- Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome (impaired blood supply to the head of tibia),
- myasthenia gravis
Unfortunately, most of these diseases can not be avoided if the pet has a predisposition towards them. Therefore, when choosing a puppy, the state of health of its parents is extremely important.
Owners of Fox Terriers often call their pets "perpetual motion". Restless playfulness, multiplied by the hunting instinct and noticeable vanity, turn their education into an interesting, not always simple, task, similar to a rebus. To solve it will require ingenuity, patience and hard work.
And the reward for the winner in the form of selfless dog love and diligent obedience will not take long to wait.