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Burmese cats: description, character, features of care, photos and reviews of owners

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Legend has it that in the temples of Burma the souls of the departed monks moved into the bodies of temple cats. A small but smooth round-headed and well-built Burmese cat, her character and her habits in fact very much resemble the behavior of a silent monk.

There is a version that a pair of Burmese cats was presented to European travelers by monks in gratitude for their help in protecting the temple.

Indeed, in the 30s of the last century, the American doctor Joseph Thompson brought a kitten of an original color from Asia: the kitty looked like noble Siamese, only the color was more intense and the points were darker. It was from her that the history of the Burmese cats breed began, at the heart of the standard, which is the specific character of an adventurer. But the cat itself was the carrier of the homozygous Burmese-colored gene. In breeding, modern Burmese used a cross with Siamese cats, as well as with animals of similar color. A little later, American felinologists stopped using the Siamese genes for breeding: only Burmese cats in the third generation were considered purebreds. European breeders did not reject the Siamese hybrids, so the externally European Burmese are slightly different from the US

Color secrets

The cat of the Burmese breed wears a fur coat of a noble shade "sable". The secret of such a rare color in a homozygous gene, which, combined with black pigment, forms such an expressive shade. And until the 70s of the last century, such Burmese color was practically the only standard. However, later, blacks, as well as blue and purple hues became permissible. But later the Burmese cats with such an uncharacter color were recognized as a separate, Malay breed.

Modern American standards allow four variants of Burmese color:

  • sable (it also includes pure black), the points are painted in a lighter shade,
  • blue: silver shades with points of beige or dark blue shades are allowed,
  • platinum or lilac - a silvery shade of a warm tone, usually pink or lilac, points a bit darker than the background,
  • Champagne or light chocolate - golden shades of beige, with darker points.

In the European system of standards, everything is simpler: since Siamese cats are allowed to breed, color standards are much more diverse. TICA allows shades of the Burmese to use shades like cinnamon, fawn, red and cream, as well as their tortoiseshell variants. To designate these colors, the term "sepia" was introduced by the Burmese to emphasize the specific color intensity.

Cat eyes

There are no clear standards for eye color. Each association has its own standard: some disqualify cats for green eyes, in others it is considered unacceptable blue. The question of eye color is ambiguous: Burmese cats are characterized by a change in eye color depending on the angle, type and intensity of light, as well as on the mood of the animal itself. In addition, the color of the eyes of these cats may vary with age.

Definitely a standard accepted all shades of yellow.

Body type

Despite the felinological associations’s controversy over colors, the rest of the standards for American and European Burmese cats are similar, and are primarily important for character assessment of the breed, particular body features: breeders' reviews of the best representatives of the breed speak of well-developed musculature, ideal proportions and lack of addiction to obesity.

Burmese look small and light, but in fact can weigh more than it seems: males up to 6 kg, females - 3-4 kg. For this peculiarity, the Burmans were called “silk bricks”: outwardly light and graceful, but it’s worth picking up on your hands - and you immediately feel solid weight.

The tail should be colored darker, like points.

An important role for the purebred Burmese is played by the correct bite, the smooth contours of the head;

Spots and marked patterns are not allowed.

Experiments are ongoing.

The Malay breed is not the only result of breeding work with Burmese. As a result of the crossing of the Burmese and the Siamese, a rather interesting shade appeared, which was called thin. Later seals of this color were recognized as a thin breed or tankinesses.

Bombay cats are incredibly beautiful - the result of the crossing of American Shorthair and Burmese pure black color.

A selection of Burmese with silver Persians gave incredibly beautiful shades: tiffany, burmilla, burmoire, Asian tabby. These beauties even allocated in a separate group.

Character traits

The nature of the Burmese cat is rather complicated. On the one hand, she is very sociable, gets along with everyone, non-conflict. But she is very bad at loneliness, for her it is a serious stress.

In addition, this cat constantly needs attention to her games: she is very active and requires human involvement in all her affairs. If she does not receive such attention, she can easily run away from home in search of something new. However, even with the attentive attitude of the owners, the burmanka can still go looking for adventure - this is inherent in her character. Therefore, on the run it is better to use a leash to which the cat should be taught in advance.

Care and health

Require special attention teeth and nose. Burmese tend to gum disease, so it is important to periodically show it to the dentist, brush your teeth and select the appropriate solid food.

Burmese - one of the few cats that are well assimilated human food. But this should not be abused anyway.

These seals are not prone to obesity, however, they can overeat, which will easily lead to problems with digestion, so you need to carefully consider the amount of food per day and food schedule.

And those who are going to take their pet to the exhibition, we must remember that the vitamins contained in algae affect the color of the eyes of the Burmese.

Nose problems are caused by short nasal passages: because of this, breathing difficulties can occur and rhinitis can develop.

At an early age, the kittens may experience deformation of the bones of the skull.

Breed features

To appreciate all the virtues that the Burmese cats are endowed with, you need to know a little about its history. In 1934, Joseph Thompson brought an unusual cat from Burma to the United States. On the Indonesian island they lived for about 500 years. The image of animals with a similar appearance belongs to the XIV-XVII centuries.

The first animals with a unique color of fur were bred in the USA in the 20th century. American breeders crossed eastern beauty with Siamese relatives. As a result of the experiment, a new, very nice branch appeared.

The breed of cats Burmese continued to improve for generations. Breeders sought to give her the proportions of Persian cats. At the same time, they sought to preserve a unique rich chocolate shade of wool. The progenitors of the subspecies were called "copper cats". If you have seen this animal, you should understand the reason for this name. The hair of this beauty is silk, very gentle. It shimmers every second and changes its tone as the animal moves.

Cats of the Burmese breed today are represented by two species: European and American. What are their similarities and differences? The American Burmese cat breed has the following features: a rounded muzzle and smooth torso shapes, devoid of any sharp corners. The ears are of medium length, smoothed, set rather wide.

American Burmese is divided into two types: modern and traditional. They are evaluated at exhibitions according to a single standard, but at the same time they have different types and blood lines. Breeders often try not to mix them in breeding. In this regard, the American Burmese (traditional and modern) cat breeds exist in parallel within the same standard.

The appearance of the breed in Europe

In 1949, three Burmese cats were brought to England by Lilian Derby (breeder). Unusual animals immediately attracted the attention of specialists. In the mid-50s a club of fans of this breed appeared in the UK. To increase the number of its representatives breeders also used Siamese. Thus, a new, more modern type of breed, if you will, more sophisticated.

Over time, the appearance of European representatives began to differ from relatives from America, they have appeared more refined forms. European breeders are thinking about getting new colors, but their American colleagues did not share a similar venture. They believed that the cat of the Burmese chocolate breed (you can see the photo in this article) as a result of this experiment will lose its individuality.

In the early 90s, representatives of the CFA began to notice that the number of Burmese cats in Europe has decreased. It turned out that the English breeders did not exhibit animals due to the apparent difference in the phenotype with the "Americans". In 1993, it was decided to allocate two lines: the European Burmese and the Burmese cat.

American Burmese

American Burmese cats are medium-sized animals with well-developed musculature. These beauties weigh much more than they might seem at first glance, so they are often called as “bricks wrapped in silk” as a joke.

The attentive, expressive look makes these pets different from other felines. Burmese cats have a head in the shape of a blunt short wedge. It is slightly rounded, with distinct cheekbones. Looking at the animal from the side, you can see how the Burmese has a rounded forehead. This makes the transition to the nose more expressive. The ears are tilted slightly forward, they are medium in size, wider at the base and rounded at the tips. The eyes are large, expressive, widely set, rounded. They can be from light yellow to dark amber color. The richer the color, the more valuable the individual.

The tip of the nose and chin are on the same line. The neck is well developed, short. The torso is compact. The rib cage is round and wide. Limbs are proportional to the size of the body, moderately thin. Paws rounded, small. The tail is straight, of medium length, slightly tapering towards the tip.

Coat

Burmese hair is thin and shiny. Its texture resembles satin. The hairs are very tight to the body, they are short. The undercoat is missing. In any color, the lower part of the body is lighter than the legs and back, but the transition must be smooth, without stripes or spots. On the ears and face, let's say a slight contrast.

European Burmese

The European Burmese cat breed is distinguished by a narrowed, wedge-shaped face. Ears "evropeek" at the tips are pointed and planted much closer than overseas relatives. And the look of large oval eyes seems somewhat more cunning than that of the “Americans”.

Hind feet slightly longer than the front. Paws oval. The coat is thin and short, tight to the skin.

Sable - basic color, thanks to which this cat is now known all over the world. The body of the animal is colored evenly brown, which can vary from a hint of coffee with milk to dark brown. It is important that the paw pads and the tip of the nose be the same color.

Chocolate - representatives of this species are very similar to the previous ones, but have a darker muzzle. The lower part of the paws and nose can vary in color from the color of cinnamon to dark chocolate.

Blue - one of the most charming varieties of "burmochki". They are distinguished from Russians by a softer shade of wool, and from the British by a light tone of color. Paw pads and spout a bluish-gray color.

Purple - these cats breed Burmese seem the most touching. This color is unique. They can boast only Burmese cat.

Platinum - unusual and exquisite color. May have different shades. But the most valuable is light platinum with a pinkish tinge.

Despite the close relationship with the Thai, the cat breed Burmese - the embodiment of peace. It is surprising that with such a temperament, this cat may well stand up for itself in a fight with other cats. It will not lead to awe much larger opponents.

Burmese cats are extremely inquisitive and perky, and these qualities do not disappear with age. Burmese kittens are able to play for hours with their master and among themselves. And matured animals explore every corner of the apartment.

Burmese easily comes in contact with people, does not pose any danger to children, easily gets on with dogs. Unlike many other breeds, this cat easily tolerates travel, including automotive. There is another unique feature of this beauty - it lies in its ability to feel the most insignificant failures of its owner's bioenergy. Moreover, the animal is able to adjust it. And future owners should know that Burmese cats are worried when they witness quarrels and scandals.

It is worth noting that these charming creatures are intended only for residential content. Such cats do not tolerate the cold and are very sensitive to drafts due to the lack of undercoat. If the owners plan to continue walking their pet, it should be taught to the street and the leash from a very early age, but only after all the necessary vaccinations and treatment with insecticide caricide drugs have been carried out.

The Burmese must have a sleeping place (a cottage or a stove bench). Animals are clean, so you need to carefully monitor the cleanliness of their bowls and tray. In addition, your pet should have a few toys. Since both breeds are shorthair, they do not require special care.

Owners do not notice hairs on the sofa or carpet, even during the animal molting. It is necessary to bathe such a kitty only in cases of extreme necessity, for example, if it is preparing for an exhibition or is simply very dirty. It is important to know that such a pet has a hypoallergenic coat. Four-legged friend can afford even people with allergies.

To protect the health of your baby and keep the exquisitely iridescent shade of her fur coat, be attentive to her nutrition. In addition to high-quality dry food, the diet should be supplemented with fish, meat and poultry.

Burmese cats: owner reviews

Today there are not so many of these charming animals in our country. Nevertheless, the happy owners of these cats with delight describe their pets. According to them, these are extremely gentle, neat and funny creatures. They are not picky in food, do not require complex care. Most owners say that kittens get accustomed to the tray surprisingly quickly, practically do not fade, which greatly facilitates care.

Description and history of the origin of the breed

In many sources, the official temples of the Burmese indicate Thai temples and adjacent territories.

In Europe, these cats first appeared in 1871 in London at an exhibition in the Crystal Palace, but at that moment the Burmese did not make a proper impression on visitors, therefore the official year of birth of the breed is 1930. Indeed, this year there was a crossing of Wong Mau and Siamese animals, As a result, a new strain of the feline variety was born - the Burmese.

Burmese cat or Burmese

In 1955 in the UK there was a demonstration of the Burmese cat, which hit the press and visitors, the event led to the fact that later many pages of local newspapers were devoted to him.

The head is rounded, far-set eyes and ears. Outstanding eyes of decent size, grow dull as they grow older, the color ranges from amber to gold. The body has a developed chest, while the torso itself is compact. Paws and tail are long. Wool has no special patterns, short length, no undercoat, lighter on the lower areas of the body.

European

Head wedge-shaped, sharpness present. The structure of the eyes is different in that their upper part passes to the nose in the oriental type, which gives the cat a disgruntled look. The ears are much larger and set lower on the head than the American neighbor, and the breeds also differ in the distance between the hearing organs. According to world standards, 10 colors are allowed: sable, champagne, platinum, blue, red, cream and 4 varieties of tortoise color.

Cats have the most tender and light color among all representatives of this breed. The color of the purple cat is unique in that it does not occur to any of the other representatives of the cat family.

The most common color is characterized by the fact that wool has one color - chocolate. It is divided into a lighter and darker shade, and the tip of the nose and pads on the legs can be painted in this color.

Maintenance and care

Несмотря на то, что шерсть у представителей данной породы короткая, она требует постоянного ухода, который включает в себя расчёсывание раз в неделю специальной щёткой, с целью стимулирования кровообращения, тем самым улучшая общее состояние кожного покрова животного.

Бурмы от природы чистоплотны

Что касается когтей – их нужно стричь дважды в месяц. During this procedure, the white area of ​​the claw is trimmed, while touching the dark middle there is a chance of damage to the blood vessels that are located in it.

Nutrition cats need to pay great attention, because it affects the state of animal hair. It is important to understand that there are three types of cat food:

  • feed
  • canned food
  • natural products (meat, fish)

The main advantage of feed is the presence of all the necessary elements necessary for proper development. It remains to add only water and grass.

When choosing natural products, the owner will have to strain hard, since it is very difficult to make the right diet for the Burmese, in addition to this, you will have to constantly prepare portions of food. However, if the owner succeeds, the benefits of this food will be much higher than from the feed of the best class, the difference in costs will also be significantly noticeable. In this case, the emphasis should be on boiled white meat.

Burmese sheds, but this process is not particularly scary. It is enough to hold a silk glove over it to collect lost hair.

For cats of this breed does not require much space, the only thing that needs to be observed is that due to their curiosity they are often injured, so it is advisable to protect the apartment from sharp and small objects, especially if the Burmese is still a kitten.

Character Burmese cat

The Burmese cat is distinguished by its mobility and curiosity, its character is a distinctive feature of the breed. The playfulness of the cat persists throughout life. They are also very attached to the owner, what resembles dogs. These cats do not like loneliness and constantly want to take part in the lives of others.

Burmese is always on the move

It is important to note that representatives of this species are meowing a lot, with most often referring to the owner. They also get along well with children and are not able to cause them any harm.

Cat health

Burmese is different immunity and good health. For prophylaxis, vaccination once every 4-6 months is recommended with anthelmintic drugs, even if the pet does not go outside.

Burmese are known for good immunity and good health.

The most common disease is gingivitis, therefore, representatives of this species require an annual dental check.

Often, kittens are born with congenital deformities of the skull, but unfortunately the disease can not be prevented and treated.

Breeding

Regarding breeding - the Burmese does not require any complicated procedures in this regard.

The Burmese is a mobile and devoted cat that is impossible not to love. Due to the unique character and delightful fur, the Burmese cat is able to bring a lot of fun moments to the owner. Also a nice bonus of keeping such a pet is that the representatives of the species do not require special care; compliance with standard procedures will suffice.

The history of the origin of the Burmese breed

The birthplace of these animals is Burma (a country which today is called Myanmar), located in Southeast Asia and bordering Thailand. And in ancient Thai manuscripts dated XII century n. e., found the first mention of Burmese cat. Information about it is also present in the book of poems about cats, which was created from 1350 to 1767, and images of the Burmese breed adorn the pages of the books of medieval artists.

These cats lived in the temples, which underlines their value to the locals. Temple animals were often equated with deities and revered. Each monk had his own cat, and through affection and care for the pet, they expressed their love for God. After the death of a cat, the Burmese was a guide who helped the soul of the deceased get into another world. According to some reports, many monks believed that it is in this animal that humans reincarnate.

Breed kept aristocratic and wealthy families. It was believed that she brings home well-being and success. Such "fluffy and lively talismans" even lived in the royal palace. Foreigners were given them only as a sign of great favor.

The breed reached the European continent only in the 19th century, in England. There the animals were called "black Siamese", emphasizing the geographical proximity of ancient Burma and Siam.


Modern Burmese cats appeared thanks to the American doctor Joseph Thompson, who in 1930 brought an animal with Burmese's genes to the USA. He crossed this little cat named Wong Meow and her offspring with the Siamese, selecting the kittens of the darkest color. In 1938, a new breed with chocolate wool was brought to the attention of felinologists and registered. After World War II, she again came to Europe, where animals with a tortoise and cream color were bred, and then to Australia.

Today the breed is spread all over the world. Burmese nurseries are in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

Burmese Description

Today, there are two accepted breed standards - American and European.

CFA (Cat Lovers Association) version:

Head It has a soft, rounded silhouette and a form in the form of a blunt wedge. Wide jaws, cheekbones and massive chin. Pronounced cheeks (mainly in males). If you look at the animal in profile, it becomes noticeable hollow on the short nose at the bridge of the nose.

Ears are widely separated from each other. Toward the end, taper evenly and gently round out. The auricle should be slightly tilted to the nose.

Big and expressive eyes have a round shape. Such "saucers" have a yellow color, often with an amber tint, giving the look a magical shine. Well stand out against the background of dark wool.

Body has a medium size. Despite its compact dimensions, it has an excellent musculature. Cat Burmese maybe big. The line of the back is straight, the ribcage is round.

Paws look organically with the body. They have snow-white "socks".

Wool short, soft to the touch and thick. When it is cold, it gets a darker shade, whereas in the heat its villi become lighter.


American Burmese have a standard provides 4 colors:

  • sable (traditional and most recognizable),
  • blue (less common)
  • Chocolate (with a dark “mask” on the muzzle),
  • purple (the most light).

And in European Burmese cats there is also a tortoise color, red and cream.

The breed is almost hypoallergenic and can be started by people suffering from allergies.

The size and weight of the Burmese cat

The Burmese cat is a well-built, medium-sized animal. Their interesting feature is imaginary ease. At first glance it seems that these graceful animals weigh very little. In fact, a Burmese cat weighs up to 9 kg, and a cat weighs up to 6. As one felinologist said, this is “a brick that was wrapped in soft silk”.

Care and maintenance of Burmese cats

Since the Burmese cat is short-haired, then special care is not required. During the molting period, the animal must be combed every few days. This will positively affect the appearance of a pet, and facilitate the collection of wool from flooring and bedspreads. And you need to bathe your pet only if he has badly smeared his fur coat, or in the near future the owner will take him to the exhibition. Burmese kittens even in the first months of life are very clean, and thoroughly lick themselves.

Experienced breeders recommend periodically doing hygienic procedures: cleaning the eyes and ears with special lotions from the veterinary store, as well as teeth. The last manipulation will help to prevent the possible development of oral diseases and the deposition of tartar.


The feed must be useful and varied so that the animal feels well, is active, and the wool is shiny and beautiful. This breed does not need to be given food prepared for humans, because it can lead to digestive problems. It is better to feed your favorite meat, fish or chicken eggs. When buying ready-made food at the store, you need to choose premium food.

With proper care and feeding, the Burmese can live to 17 years. Known survivors 24 years

Nicknames for Burmese cats

Having started a little kitten, in addition to buying a tray, a scraper, food and toys, the most important is the question of the name for the baby. And to invent it, at times, is not so simple. It is best to focus on the color of the fur, the behavior in the early days, personal preferences, or take from the list of proposed nicknames.

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