Animals

Breed of Briar dogs: characteristics and features of care

In this article I will discuss the breed of dogs Briar, known since the 12th century. I'll tell you about the features of the content, training and feeding. I will give advice on where and how to choose a puppy. I will point out the peculiarities of character and interaction with other animals.

Briar breed description

The first mention of briar date back to the 12th century. The dog helped the peasants in France to feed the sheep, made sure that the animals did not disperse, protected them. It is assumed that briar is not an artificially bred breed. Although there is no reliable information about its origin.

The ability to collect animals in the herd is realized and modern representatives of the breed. It is manifested in the fact that the pet for a walk or in the house tries to make sure that all family members are close to each other.

During this period, representatives of the breed appear in Russia for the first time, but do not become popular.

Appearance

The eyes are black or dark brown, far apart, as if they read a constant question.

Scissor bite. Muzzle is square, large nose. The ears hang loosely along the head.

The gait is smooth, not peculiar to representatives of other breeds. At the same time, the Briards differ in speed and dexterity. The dog instantly changes the trajectory of movement if necessary.

The coat is long, thick, slightly curly. In the area of ​​the shoulders and withers, it reaches 14-16 cm. The short undercoat protects the dog from frost and heat.

The standard prohibits overgrowing of the eye area with hair.

Color: red, black, gray or variations of these colors, smoothly moving from one to another.

Also note that the pet's black color changes to gray or blue by the age of one. It is associated with the genesis of early gray hair.

Red color The black Gray

Lifespan: 10-13 years.

Maintenance and care

Briard is a long-haired dog requiring special care for wool. You need to comb your pet every day, and this procedure takes at least 1.5 hours. Bathing once a month, cutting as needed. It is advisable to visit a professional groomer 1 time in 3 months. Briard does not fade, so with proper care, there will be no wool at home.

The dog needs to walk for at least 2 hours 2 times a day.

Briard does not accept chain seat. It must be remembered that this is a companion dog, displaying guard qualities as necessary.

It is important to monitor the cleanliness of the eyes, ears and paws of the animal, which will help avoid the spread of infection.

Pet easily adapts to life in a city apartment, and in a country house.

Dog food

Briar's wool indicates whether the pet is fed correctly. With a lack of vitamins, improper nutrition, it will be dull, confused and have a poor appearance.

The alternation of different types of food leads to problems with digestion. From natural products the basis of the diet is meat, vegetables, cereals. Rice, flour products and potatoes cause digestive problems. It is also important for a dog to get vitamin E and yeast.

Briard needs a balanced diet, the basis of the diet is meat

Where did the breed come from?

The original sources of the breed originate from the 12th century; it was then that a dog was described with a funny appearance, thick coat and excellent shepherd qualities. This may apply to both the ancestors and the Briards themselves. It is believed that the modern dogs of this breed are descended from the Persian dog. The closest relatives of the Briards are the dogs of the shepherd’s breed Beauceron, although besides their purpose and size there are few of them that bind them.

From the very beginning of appearance, the breed was actively used for herding, mainly sheep. Nowhere was there any information that the breed was artificially bred, so researchers assume that the Briards once lived in the wild. This confirms their organizational ability, the ability to collect animals in a herd, as life in a flock implies just such behavior.

At the end of the 19th century, the breed did not have a standard, but when it was established, dogs became regular exhibitors at the international level. At the same time, representatives of this breed were in the Russian Empire with the aim of further breeding. But for some reason, selection work with briards did not become popular.

Dogs of this breed were actively used during the war for service at the front. Here their excellent sense of smell and obedience came in handy. They were engaged in search activities, finding soldiers who were injured, and also filed ammunition during shelling.

Today Briard is not a shepherd, but an intelligent and good-natured member of the family. Pet such a breed was have Napoleon, Henry Lafayette.

Breed of Briar

Purebred representatives are quite large. Growth Dogs vary from 58 to 69 cm. Ear cupping of the ears was previously laid, then they were in a standing position and had a triangular shape. Today, many European countries have banned this procedure, and ears in dogs hang loosely along the head. They are thick, completely covered with a coat of wool.

Like other service breeds, weight Briards are not limited to the standard, for males it varies from 30 to 45 kg, for females from 25 to 30 kg.

Woollycover Briards are chic, the top layer is hard, rough. The fur covers the body of the dog, forming soft curls. In some places, the hair is lengthened, for example, in the shoulder area, its length reaches 15 cm. The undercoat is short, compacted throughout the body. The muzzle of the dogs is also abundantly covered with hair, their eyebrows “cover” their eyes. But the standard does not allow excessive overgrowth, completely hiding the eyes.

Color Briards can be different:

  • red,
  • black
  • gray
  • include variations of these colors.

The deeper and richer the color, the better. If the dog is two-colored, then a smooth transition from one tone to another is required with respect for symmetry. Not allowed standard spotted dogs, as well as with pure white wool. Only individual white hairs or a small white spot in the sternum area are allowed.

Eyes Briards are wide apart, black or dark brown. The look is always read dumb question.

Muzzle neat, with a black square lobe and large nostrils.

Lips have a tight fit, pigmented black. Bite like "scissors".

Many owners are marked by a soft, cat gait of their pets. And indeed, the movements of the Briards are light, sliding. But at the same time they are very mobile, they can change the trajectory with lightning speed, turn around or stop running.

The nature of the dog breed Briar

Dogs are inquisitive, friendly, very loyal. Their decorative look is deceptive, they need physical work and emotional stress. Otherwise, the dog becomes lethargic, apathetic.

If Briard lives in an apartment, then he needs long active walking tours. This is a great companion, but not for sharing the TV. The pet will be happy to accompany the owner on a run, while riding a bike, he will even be happy to swim nearby. Without physical training, the animal may become embittered.

Briar dog photo

Briards cannot fully exist without human intercourse, and separation is given to dogs very hard. They are so well socialized that it is difficult to embarrass them by walking to new, even crowded places. They are happy to meet with the guests and are always happy to participate in new games and fun.

On the Briard paddock - the very interest and concern. Pets always follow the company so that no one is left behind or lost. This is the behavior of many sheepdogs. Dogs belonging to this breed are excellent travelers, who calmly tolerate movement on any transport and at the same time behave approximately.

In the Briard blood, guarding qualities, despite the gaiety, the dogs do not cease to monitor the movement of households and other members of the company. If a dog is shy or aggression without apparent reason, then it will be disqualified for such defects.

Do not forget that these dogs belong to service dogs, so you do not need to bring up the pet in children's hands. They communicate well with children, but Briar needs a reputable owner who can earn the respect of a pet. This is important, as the growing dog will try to show leadership qualities, trying to climb higher up the hierarchy. This can not be allowed.

Briards are highly intelligent and inquisitive dogs that are easy to train. But only in the event that not to apply rough treatment and physical punishments. Pet does not obey blindly and unconditionally, he pre-ponders how to do it.

If the dog has been trained, then it is quietly left alone, for example, at the door of the pharmacy or store. Most Briards have a balanced psyche, but there are representatives of the breed that are too temperamental, they need to undergo special courses on endurance training. There are also phlegmatic briards, but this is such a rarity.

If you need a pet to participate in competitions, then Briar is ideal. With a lightning reaction, agility, flexibility and endurance, he is able to undergo training of any type. He is able to undergo a test of dogs and be a champion in many regulatory requirements, including towing. In addition, the Briards often get champion titles for external beauty.

Features care and maintenance

Briards' wool is their pride and, naturally, so that it looks beautiful and well-groomed, some efforts from the owners are required. But here you can note a certain plus - the representatives of this breed have no seasonal moultand therefore there will be no wool in the house.

Grooming Briards require regular. They should be combed daily, and this procedure can take up to 2 hours. Only in this case, the wool will not be tangled, it will become smooth and shiny, and will remain clean for a long time. If the dog is not a participant in the exhibits, the coat may be shortened somewhat. This will simplify the care of the appearance of the pet. It is necessary to visit a professional groomer with your pet at least once in 2-2.5 months.

Breed of dog briar - Photo

Bathing requires regular - 1 time in 4-5 weeks or more often if the dog becomes dirty. But this applies to apartment dogs; it is enough to wash captive briards several times a year. Another feature of the Briards is that a sheep smell is emanating from the wool when wet.

The care of dog ears, eyes and paws is important. Be sure to inspect these parts and clean from dirt and dust. This is a great way to prevent the development of an infectious disease in an animal.

But the most important are the mandatory long walks in the fresh air. They must be performed twice a day, and they should last 1.5-2 hours. It is important to keep Briard training, outdoor games, jogging.

How to feed briar

Taking into the house of a large dog, it is worth considering that eating such a four-legged friend is a lot. Therefore, this aspect requires special attention. Like most breeds, briards can be fed with natural food or ready-made rations. Only for them is not suitable mixed food, as it can undermine the health of a pet.

Briard needs balanced food. The basis of the diet is meat. Additional ingredients - vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, zucchini), greens, cereals (millet, buckwheat, oatmeal, rolled oats). It is not recommended to give potatoes to a pet, it is also desirable to remove rice, bread and other pastries, all confectionery from the menu.

Photo briar puppy

The amount of food depends on the dog's body weight and activity. Briards are characterized by excellent digestion, therefore, stomach disorders, they practically do not exist. It should be borne in mind that during hot periods the dogs move less, so it is desirable to reduce the amount of protein consumed, enriching the ration with vitamin E and yeast. In addition, you can give a small amount of peanut butter.

If the owner decided to feed the dog with industrial feed, then it should be a premium quality product, super premium or holistic class. You should also choose it for large dogs with long hair.

If the pet does not receive a sufficient amount of vitamins and trace elements, it immediately affects the state of coat. If the diet has changed for the better, but the appearance of the pet has deteriorated or remained at the same level, you should consult a veterinarian for advice.

Photo briar

How much can you buy a puppy briar

Breed Briar is not very common in Russia, but still in large cities there are nurseries engaged in their breeding. You can buy a puppy as an ordinary pet for 15000-20000 rubles. Pet for further breeding will cost a bit more expensive - 25000-30000 rubles. Show-class puppy, without any flaws, which is the standard of the breed, costs about 45,000 rubles.

Briard is the perfect dog for the active and the restless. He, as they say, will follow the owner into the fire and into the water, and he does not agree to hang at the tail, but he will surely proudly run alongside. Smart, energetic, loyal - the best qualities for a companion dog.

History of origin

Judging by the data from the historical summary, the first mentions of shaggy dogs, similar to Briar, fall in the middle of the 12th century. According to local times, dogs were described as the best assistants to the shepherds, and this is not surprising. The breed can collect cattle in one pack and will not allow it to disintegrate.

It is difficult to say for sure whether these data were related directly to the members of the breed or their ancestors. According to some information, we can conclude that the briar is descended from a Persian dog. Also to the closest relatives of dogs of this breed is Beauceron, but they are connected only by purpose and size.

Originally, the Briards were used exclusively for herding purposes, they were herding sheep. There is no information regarding the fact that representatives of the breed were artificially removed. Breeders came to the conclusion that dogs appeared only thanks to Mother Nature. In confirmation of this is to evaluate the organizational skills of dogs and the ability to handle a flock of sheep.

Until the 19th century, Briard did not have its own standards, but soon the situation changed. Dogs noticed at the exhibitions of international standard and appreciated. In our country, breeders are not eager to breed briards for unknown reasons, but they are very common in Europe.

In the war years, dogs were used as helpers, they went to the front. In view of the heightened sense of smell and fearlessness, pets were assigned to search and reconnaissance units. They filed ammunition, and also found wounded soldiers, served in the hospital.

Today, under this seemingly inconspicuous breed, everyone's favorite pet is hiding. The dog gets along well with the man, shows unprecedented courage and good nature.

Generally accepted standards

  • Height and weight. The breed differs from all its tribesmen by its rather large size. Briards can reach 58–70 cm in height. Gender superiority in this regard is poorly developed, therefore bitches with males are almost the same height. As for the weight category, body weight is 30-45 kg. (males), 26-30 kg. (bitches) But this criterion is not fixed by standards, the main thing is that the dog is well-built and harmonious.
  • Wool. A distinctive feature of the individuals of this breed is wool of high quality. It consists of two layers: the undercoat is dense and soft, has a certain impregnation to protect against moisture. The upper row is more rigid, it may slightly curl in waves. The dog is completely covered with wool, which falls on the body and gives off a powerful physique. In some places the coat is longer, for example, in the shoulders can reach 15 cm and more. Unlike other breeds, briards even have long hair on their heads. She closes her eyes, protecting them from the sun and wind. But according to standard characteristics, excessive vegetation is not allowed, which will interfere.
  • Coloring. The main colors of the represented breed are gray, black and red. Possible shades based on them are allowed. If you adhere to an international standard, the richer and deeper the tone, the better the wool. If the dog has a two-color color, it means that two shades should be interconnected very smoothly, without sharp borders. Symmetry is also essential. According to the standard for the defect is spotting, as well as white without any shade of wool. For the lack of a stain in the chest and the presence of several white hairs on the body is not considered.
  • Ears. Since long, representatives of the breed have stopped their ears, so they proudly towered high, but today, in almost all of Europe, such blasphemy is prohibited, so the ears hang down and press to the head. They are covered with rather thick and elongated hair, have a rounded shape and large size.
  • Head. Прикус правильный, не допускается выдвижение вперёд одной из челюстей. Зубы в полном комплекте, хватка осуществляется клыками. Губы прилегают к челюстям плотно, они подобранные и сухие. Допускается пигментация чёрного или около того оттенка. The muzzle itself is neat, the nostrils are wide, the nose is strictly black. The eyes are widely spaced, have a dark brown or black color. Look wary.
  • If we proceed from the numerous reviews of the owners, the Briards have soft movements. Dogs are agile, can easily break from step to run, and vice versa, stop if necessary. They are not fat, stable, control their movements and emit a positive in everything.

    Breed character

    1. A distinctive feature of the dogs of the breed in question is curiosity. It doesn’t matter at what age the dog is, he will always be interested to get acquainted with new places, to explore the situation and relax in nature. Dogs are faithful, accustomed to complex physical labor, withstand long training and emotionally stable. Without activity, the dog quickly “blown away”, becomes apathetic and sad.
    2. If intending to keep an animal in a residential environment, it is imperative that long walks be included in the daily routine. You can take a dog for a run or go to the mountains to play. In spite of their convivial qualities, the briar is not turned on so that he lies with the owner at the TV. If the animal doesn’t have enough physical training, it will begin to look for energy output on its own.
    3. Any dog ​​needs constant human attention and communication. Therefore, it is necessary to communicate with a dog, it is extremely difficult for him to be separated for several days and even more so a week. Due to the rapid habituation to society, the dog does not at all confuse being in crowded and new places. Briard keeps an eye on his teammates, always follows people, ideally gets along with a big company. It can be taken on a hike so that the dog watches the situation and drives the lagging behind.
    4. By nature, the representatives of the breed are true travelers. The dog will endure a tedious journey by car, will lean out of the window towards the wind. Pets love to swim, so you should definitely take the family pet with you to the water sources. It is also worth mentioning that animals of this breed are put on guard qualities.
    5. Do not forget that the briar belongs to the breeds of working dogs. Because of this feature, an experienced person should be engaged in raising an animal. The child simply can not cope with this task. Such a pet gets along well with children, but it will not obey them.
    6. Briaru needs a leader who can cope with it. A pet must respect its owner. You also need to earn the respect of the animal. Parenting should be practiced from an early age dog. Pet will be in every way to show leadership qualities that must be stopped. In no case do not allow this.
    7. The presented breed possesses high intelligence and inquisitiveness. Therefore, to teach your pet anything will not be difficult. Keep in mind that you will not be able to achieve anything if you apply physical punishment and harsh treatment of an animal. Such dogs will not blindly obey.
    8. Briards do not carry out all the commands unconditionally, they will reflect beforehand, before fulfilling what you want from him. If you gave the animal for professional training, the dog can easily be left alone at the door of the store or pharmacy. Briards have a balanced psyche.
    9. However, here there are some individuals whose temperament rolls over. In this case, help only professional courses on learning excerpts. Therefore, it is worth entrusting a professional. It is very rare to meet phlegmatic briards.
    10. If you are going to bring the dog to the competition, then the breed will be an excellent option. Briards are known for their very fast response, flexibility, endurance and agility. Such a pet will be able to pass the most difficult tests and become a champion in many standards. In addition, this breed often receives titles for a beautiful appearance.

    Content and features of care

    1. In Briards wool is considered their pride. Therefore, keep in mind that the dog always looks great, the owner will need to make some effort. It is not necessary to exclude from the attention a big plus, the breed lacks a seasonal molt. Therefore, you can be calm, wool in the house will not.
    2. It should be understood that the breed of dogs simply needs systematic grooming. Briards need to be combed every day. Keep in mind, the procedure is quite tedious, as it can take up to 2 hours. If you follow the simple rules, the dog will always have a terrific coat that will not roll into mats.
    3. If you do not adhere to the fact that the dog needs to be prepared for exhibitions, it can be trimmed, excess wool to anything. In this case, care for the animal will be somewhat reduced. Try to visit a professional groomer with a pet 1 time in 2 months. Only in this way briar will be irresistible.
    4. As for bathing, the pet should be provided with regular water procedures, approximately once a month or as the wool is contaminated. Such recommendations relate exclusively to those animals that live in the apartment. If the dog lives in an open-air cage, then it can be bathed several times a year.

    Briards are considered great friendly dogs. Keep in mind, such pets need daily care and active walks. You must also have a strong character to subdue the animal. Otherwise, you run the risk of acquiring a naughty booby of impressive size. In addition, this breed loves to eat, this is also worth preparing.

    Animal character

    Briard is friendly. Easy to get in touch with people with whom he lives, gets along well with children. Friendly towards pets living with him under the same roof. It is devoted to the owner, needs emotional communication and does not transfer loneliness.

    It is important that, of all family members, the pet clearly knows its owner, the representatives of this breed need to feel a hierarchy headed by a person. The dog monitors all family members at the same time, realizing the makings of a shepherd's dog. Not aggressive and not scared. I am pleased to make a company to the owner during physical activity, such as running, swimming, cycling.

    Inquisitive. The dog requires early socialization, thanks to which it behaves beautifully in unfamiliar places. Briard does not recognize physical punishment, strict voice. Easy to learn, but will not blindly execute any command. Briaru must be given time to think.

    Features of training

    Teaching briar is easy. Most of the representatives of the breed has a balanced temperament, it easily passes any training courses.

    If you need a pet to participate in competitions, then Briar is ideal.

    The breed has a high reaction rate, quick wit, endurance. If the dog is unrestrained, then a special training course will help to fix it.

    The animal is prone to the manifestation of leadership qualities, so you can not trust the training of a pet child. If Briard feels a certain superiority of the host, without manifestation of anger and aggression, then the training goes more successfully.

    Briar health

    Briard, like other large dogs, is prone to joint diseases such as dysplasia. In addition, members of the breed may suffer from thyroid abnormalities, epilepsy, blood problems (decreased clotting, impaired composition), retinal atrophy, or total blindness.

    Preference is given to complex vaccines.

    At the age of 9 weeks, the first vaccination is given, followed by a mandatory revaccination. Repeated vaccinations without revaccination are done annually.

    Buying a puppy

    A healthy puppy has a brilliant thick coat, clean eyes. He is well fed, active, does not show excessive fear or aggressiveness.

    Smart, energetic, loyal - the best qualities for companion ps

    Average price: from 25,000 rubles, exhibition class - from 65,000 rubles. Price varies depending on the purity of the breed.

    Nurseries in Russia:

    • Amiras Platinum - Moscow
    • Yurmis Fidel - Veliky Novgorod
    • Sheggi-mirakl-briard - Moscow
    • SANGE BLUE ARS - Sergiev Posad
    • Obninsk-favorite - Obninsk
    • Shaggy Miracle - St. Petersburg

    Breeding characteristics

    For breeding representatives of the breed at the age of 1 year and 6 months are allowed. In litter from 8 to 10 puppies. White or spotted representatives are not allowed to breed.

    Daily classes with a dog will give a lot of positives to both the owner and the pet.

    Little about the origin of the breed

    Briard is a breed of dog, the photo of which representative you can see below, is bred in France. It refers to one of the most long-standing. In the eighth century, written sources mentioned this marvelous breed. The modern look took shape already at the end of the nineteenth century.

    Briard is a breed of dog whose standard was taken twice. For the first time it happened in 1897. The modern standard was adopted in January in 2009. The main population of representatives is in Western Europe. Approximately 170 individuals exhibit annually at the main French exhibition of these purebred dogs. Briard clubs operating in many countries control the state of the current breed.

    Briard: dog breed

    Breed description now will tell you in detail. To begin with, let's say that it is in the first group according to the classification of the ICF, it has a working category at all exhibitions. Representatives are used as herding dogs.

    The appearance of individuals of this breed is quite impressive. Males at the withers reach 68, and females - 64 cm. On average, briar weighs 40 kg, bitches slightly less - 32 kg. The representatives of the breed have an elongated body, a big head, a tail with a hook at the tip (in a calm state it is lowered down). They have a square shape. Look smart and attentive. The chest is wide enough, deep. The croup is slightly tilted in the back to the bottom, and the back is straight.

    A distinctive feature of the breed - double dewclaws on its hind legs.
    As a rule, briards have their ears cut off. Although some countries have refused this intervention. For many, it is in such funny tails on the crown that lies the amazing originality of the Briards.

    The coat of these dogs is truly rich. Lint length 7 cm or more. The exhibition representatives of the wool can reach 50 cm. According to the structure, it is wavy, dry.

    Attitude to children

    To the small representatives of the breed show all the attention and dedication. They perceive the kids as a herd, which must protect from any dangers. It is very funny to watch how this big dog is trying, and very hard, to gather all the kids for a walk in a row. If someone repels from the "herd", then the briar will immediately lead to the place, grabbing the tip of the clothes. Such a dog is simply an inimitable, kind and patient nanny who is ready to demolish any manifestations of feelings from the children, even such awkward ones like twitching of hair and ears.

    Briard (dog breed): care for a dog

    To achieve the perfect look, a silky coat needs to be combed daily. Every nine weeks the animal needs professional grooming.
    If the dog does not participate in exhibitions, you can cut the hair shorter. This is a little easier to care for her.
    To maintain the proper appearance of wool, it is necessary to take care of it for 2 hours a day.

    In the process of this, the undercoat should be combed, since it is tangled easily due to its subtlety and softness. If you properly care for a dog, then he either does not shed at all, or loses quite a bit of hair.
    Briard needs baths. This should be done once a month. You should not bathe more often, otherwise irritation may occur, or the skin will become very dry. Before the briar procedure itself, it is necessary to comb it well, and also to check whether the undercoat is not tangled. If ticks are found, remove them immediately.
    Wash better with a special zoo shampoo. After this procedure, be sure to mop the dog again.

    Hair on the pads and ears should be cut off regularly. Dirt that accumulates in the corners of the eyes should be periodically removed with a cotton swab moistened with water or a special tool.

    Briard is a breed of dogs that is working, so she needs constant loads. It is necessary to walk and play with a pet more often. If the owner prefers cycling, then the briar will be happy to accompany him. For those who love to run in the mornings or evenings, such a dog is ideal. He also likes to spend a lot of time near the water. The lack of physical exertion can be bad to say on the health of the pet.

    Nurturing working qualities

    Briard - the breed of dogs, training which is necessary necessarily. After all, these dogs are classified as service. You need to start bringing up from the first day of life in your home. It is necessary to immediately explain to the dog what is possible and what is not. For all that he does right, be sure to praise and encourage. For wrong actions, of course, must be punished. Depending on age, you need to do it correctly. For the smallest puppy, it will be enough just to raise your voice, then you can use a folded newspaper (she can gently slap the baby on the bottom, so that he understands what he is doing wrong).

    With the wrong education, the puppy can grow into a real tyrant. Therefore, remember that briar is a breed of dog that needs to be trained at the rate of early.
    In order for the training to go "hurray", it is necessary to take into account the psyche of such dogs. Briard does not tolerate any rudeness or cruel treatment. It is necessary to guide the dog gently, one can say intelligently. Then the pet will grow clever and smart.

    The sequence of training dogs of this breed

    Purposefully train you need to start four months. First teach to the collar and leash. It is necessary to teach (calmly, without rudeness) a dog to walk nearby. Then move on to the basics of obedience. This includes four teams. First, teach the dog "Sit!", Then "Lie down!", Then "Stand." The last team is “To me!”.
    If something does not work out, it is better to contact a canine center. After the dog knows the basic principles, you should follow the course of the guard service. These classes can be conducted both at home with an instructor, and on a dog playground.

    Note that this dog is a real caretaker who will protect the house from uninvited guests. His family dog ​​will also watch out.

    Shaggy Dog Health

    As a rule, representatives of the breed live more than ten years. Health problems are rare. But there are ills to which the briards are predisposed. These diseases include inversion of the intestines. Representatives of the breed older than 7 years are especially exposed. As a rule, in this case, surgical intervention is applied, otherwise just do not save the animal. Hereditary diseases for briards are stationary night blindness and progressive retinal detachment. Also, some dogs suffer from hip dysplasia.

    The opinion of the owners about the representatives of the breed

    Briard - the breed of dogs, reviews of which are only positive. The owners believe that this is the perfect dog for the family. He has a lot of positive qualities. As some female housewives declare, the representatives of the breed choose precisely the fair sex as the "leader of the pack." Until very old age, such dogs remain cheerful and mischievous. Recall that the briar is a breed of dogs, which by its nature is the complete likeness of its owner. If his master is easy-going, cheerful good-natured, then the dog will be the same. The evil man certainly will not grow a good beast.

    Small conclusion

    Now you know that briar is a breed of dogs whose care for practically nothing special is different. It is suitable for both a lonely person and a family with children. The main thing is to spend more time educating the dog, then you can grow a truly devoted friend with whom you never get bored.

    Dog Brief

    • Other possible names: French Shepherd, Berger de Brie, Briard Shepherd, Briard.
    • Adult growth: Males reach 58-68 cm, for females the norm is 56-65 cm.
    • Weight: on average 34-40 kg.
    • Characteristic color: black or any monochrome shades of gray and red.
    • Wool length: long, wavy, tough.
    • Lifespan: 10-12 years.
    • Breed advantages: funny, energetic, intelligent, friendly, balanced.
    • The complexity of the breed: stubborn, requires grooming.
    • Average price: from $ 350 to $ 600.

    Breed destination

    For hundreds of years of existence, French briards have proven to be great shepherds. But gradually, with a decrease in the number of pastures, as well as with the recognition of the breed, the need for impeccable working qualities fell, and the unusual appearance of dogs took their place. So the born shepherds turned into show dogs, pets and loyal companions.

    But still, the Briards are appreciated in countries such as France, Italy, Germany, Austria and Switzerland, where these dogs work in civil defense units, helping to find people in places of avalanche and in other rubble. Developed sense allowed to use these dogs during the First and Second World Warrior to search for the wounded.

    Briards are happy to take part and take pride of place on pedestals in sports such as agility, weytpulling, obedience, freestyle and in many others.

    Description of the nature of the breed

    French shepherd dog balanced, non-aggressive and very smart. Cheerful and friendly briar loves to be in the limelight.He is so attached to a person that sometimes this connection borders on jealousy. For ignoring their proud person or because of undeserved beatings may even be offended. True, not for long, but still have to apologize. To do this, rather gently scratch the ear and offer to play.

    Briards in general very playful. And for their carefree pranks with children it is always very pleasant and fun to watch. But even during games, the dog does not forget about the shepherd’s instincts and makes sure that the child does not fight off the herd, pulling him back by the clothes. The same attitude in Briar and to other animals, which he also shepherds.

    Briaru like to study, especially since, thanks to a highly developed intellect, he literally seizes everything on the fly. But for his training you need patience, as these dogs often show stubbornness. While still a puppy, imperceptibly for you, the briar will examine all your weaknesses in order to manipulate you later. Therefore, it is necessary to bring up and train a dog from the first days. They adapt to any conditions. But for energetic French shepherds, it is vital to walk a few times a day and in any weather.

    Choosing a puppy

    Buying a French Briar puppy is better closer to three monthswhen the puppies are fully strengthened and receive all the necessary vaccinations. Some breeders continue to stop puppy ears, although according to the requirements of the Animal Protection Committee in many countries, this procedure has already been canceled and hanging ears are not considered a disqualifying defect.

    Another interesting point that concerns their color: all briar puppies are born dark, then they begin to lighten gradually, and only by the age of three acquire a stable coat color. In rare cases, this process may be somewhat delayed. This does not apply to black color, since it remains unchanged from birth. In any case, the hair of a healthy puppy is radiant and pleasant to the touch. This is a little later, it will begin to change and become more rigid.

    If the wool is dull, and when stroking remains on the hands, then the puppy does not have enough vitamins, which means that his whole body is weakened. You will have to spend a lot on its restoration. Another signs of possible problems are apathy and uncertain movements with limping.

    If you are not sure that you are well versed in the breed standard, and also that you will be able to pick up a puppy yourself and check the absence of marks in the documents, then it will be correct to take along a specialist in these matters.

    Dog Nicknames

    If you have taken a puppy from the nursery, then you will not have to think long over the name, since it is already indicated in its documents. In other cases, you can use some of the suggested options:

    • dog names are Boston, Darius, Gross, Artoush, Bright, Demian, Hill, Darf, Bonnie,
    • Bitches for bitches - Martha, Ashanti, Bonza, Callie, Waida, Ilda, Amanda, Jazzi.

    Care and maintenance

    Unlike many other long-haired breeds, the French Briar no seasonal moulting. His coat is very easy to care for. It is enough several times a month to comb the dog well and make sure that various skin parasites do not start in its thick cover.

    If you do not want to treat the dog's ears, then regularly monitor their cleanliness.

    Briard does not require frequent bathing. The exceptions are dogs that live in apartments. They need to be bathed periodically to avoid the unpleasant peculiar smell of the dog. In the summer, try to bring your pet pleasure and let him take water treatments in natural waters.

    The best condition for the maintenance of briar will be a spacious courtyard of a private house. The dense undercoat and thick coat allow dogs of this breed to tolerate cold and frost well. But because of this cover, it is difficult for them to endure the heat. This should be considered if you are going to start a dog in the apartment. And also the fact that you will have a long walk with the briar every day, as they just need movement. These walks should be at least twice a day so that the dog can relieve its need.

    Possible health problems

    Unfortunately, this breed is not spared a predisposition to certain diseases. From the most serious can be identified epilepsy, lymphosarcoma and dysplasia of the joints. Briards often found hypothyroidism and night blindness. And they are very susceptible to viral infections, which will help prevent vaccinations. In the event of illness, they will also help alleviate the course of the disease and reduce complications.

    In order not to reduce the pet's immunity, as well as to avoid digestive problems, regularly give anthelmintic drugs, not waiting for the reproduction of parasites.

    The first thing you need to pay attention to Briar is his wool. On the deterioration of health, it reacts instantly and becomes dull, the dog begins to shed heavily.

    Eating puppy and adult dog

    Food of any dog ​​can be natural or with the help of dry feed. The latter have their advantages: they do not need to be prepared, and they are also considered to be more balanced and saturated with essential vitamins and other elements. When choosing this type of feeding, give preference to quality, as cheap food often causes big problems with the pet's health.

    Natural food includes lean meat products of various kinds, boiled sea fish, cereals and boiled vegetables. The exception is carrots, which are best given in a raw and grated form with a little added oil. This is due to the fact that the vitamin A contained in it is fat soluble.

    From various smoked meats and sweets you need refuse flatly. Presence is desirable in the daily diet of puppies. cottage cheese and kefiras well as once or twice a week let's boiled eggs.

    Up to seven months a puppy should receive food three to four times a day, and for an adult dog two meals are enough. Try to teach your pet to eat at the same time, and also place the bowls at chest level.

    Briefly about training

    French briards are big fans of learning and learning something new. But they sometimes interfere resilience and stubbornness, and habit of deciding everything by yourself. Their principle is: anything but i will do wrong. Therefore, starting to learn, have patience and endurance. If you can show Briar that you are firmer and become an unquestioning leader, then the further process of training will be fairly easy and will give pleasure to both of you.

    In addition to standard training, briards are able to quickly learn various types dog sport. And in areas such as the pulleys and ski joring, they are so zealously taken to work that sometimes they have to be forced to stop.

    Advantages and disadvantages

    Briards are very cheerful, active and friendly. They do not imagine life without a man, to whom they relate with sensitivity and dedication. These dogs are capable without hesitation stand up for your family.

    Children and animals who live with them wake their shepherd instinct in them and are always under their careful control. To outsiders, the Briards are treated with suspicion and mistrust, and in some cases even able to show aggression.

    French Shepherd dogs are unpretentious and they do not require special care. Naturally, for such dogs preferably suburban maintenance, but if you follow the rules of the content, the briards can be suitable for the city.

    Some difficulty may appear at the beginning of training. Here you will need to designate yourself from the first days as a chapter and not give up the slack, and also not to show your weaknesses that Briard will use with pleasure. In general, these are very inquisitive and intelligent dogs who like to take part in various types of rings.

    If you give the French Briar all your love and show affection and care for it, you will receive a very devoted, intelligent and affectionate companion in return.

    Owner reviews

    Tatyana:

    My friend owns two briar bitches and breeds them. And somehow for my birthday I received a gift in the form of a puppy. It turned out to be such a cool dog that I didn’t even expect. He forgave and demolished all childish pranks. When the boys were small, they even allowed them to open their mouths and pull their tongues. For 12 years we have become so attached to each other that his departure was a great tragedy for the whole family. Moreover, he died, saving her husband from the Caucasian Shepherd.

    Alexey:

    He started a briar after a rottweiler. The difference, of course, tangible. Well, they have different missions. Yes, and more care for him: Rottweiler wiped with a cloth and that's it, but you need to regularly clean the briar, if you do not want to collect wool from carpets. True, they are not very shed. But for the Briard family in general is an ideal dog. She is docile and good-natured. And they can be brought up in the same way, the main thing is to put yourself right in the beginning.

    zoo-club-org