You can meet ticks not only in the forest or the park, but also in the grass of your yard. They live more often in bushes or grass and do not rise to a height above one meter. The most common ticks in the autumn and spring periods. The danger of parasites are not only for humans, but also for pets. Therefore, it is very important for owners to know how to pull a tick from a cat.
How to detect the parasite
Insects tend to get to the most delicate skin of the animal, as a rule, this is the area of the groin, abdomen, ears or armpits. From these places, you can get a tick yourself, using proven folk methods, explaining how to pull a tick from a cat.
If the parasite gets close to the eyelid, lip, anus or foreskin in males, you should definitely visit a veterinarian who can completely remove the parasite without harming the animal. The doctor will be able to further explain how to pull a tick from a cat so as not to cause a deterioration in its condition due to the release of poisonous enzymes by the parasite.
Detecting an insect is not always easy, as it has an inconspicuous appearance and small size and is lost in the fur of the animal.
The structure of the parasite
There are two types of ticks:
- ixodic - having a hard shell, it is they who most often parasitize on the skin of animals,
- argas - characterized by the presence of a soft shell.
When a tick parasitizes an animal, a local reaction occurs, which is manifested by itching. As a result, the cat, trying to scratch, can tear off part of the parasite, leaving its head deep in the skin. This in turn can cause severe inflammation, as part of the tick is an alien protein for the cat.
To know how to pull a tick from a cat, you must understand the peculiarities of its structure and know the stage of finding the parasite on the body of the animal. The body of the tick can be gray, brown or black. In shape, it is close to a circle or a teardrop-shaped form. Young ticks have three pairs of paws, while mature individuals have four pairs. The head of the insect is on the pointed end of the body.
You can not do it this way!
On the Internet, there are a lot of "useful" tips "how to pull a tick from a cat." Often, amateurs are advised to drop the oil solution to the bite site, as a result of which the insect will stop receiving oxygen and will die by itself - then it can be safely removed. In this advice, only one thing is true: a tick without oxygen will die sooner or later. But until that happens, it will secrete saliva containing poisons and possible infection. A layer of oil will only create ideal conditions for the spread of this infection.
Another unacceptable way: remove the parasite with a needle. Immediately aptly pick out the insect will not work, the concerned parasite will burrow even deeper under the skin. In addition, the cat will suffer: picking a needle is painful for her too.
It seems to many: if you crush a tick, it will die and fall off itself. However, if you crush the carrier of the infection, the pathogenic microflora from its body will fall on the hands of a person and on the cat's skin: it is not the easiest option for infection, but it is quite possible. And besides, the head of a tick, if crushed, will remain under the skin: without a body, it is almost impossible to pull it out without making a cut.
Best of all, if the procedure of removing the insect will be done by a doctor. But the doctor is not always close.
Pulling a tick from a cat at home is easiest with the help of tools. It can be a hook that looks like a bent fork with two ends (special or homemade), nail tweezers, a strong thin thread. The tool can be any that can tightly clasp the mite body as close as possible to the skin of the animal. Remove the insect should not jerk, and carefully twisting in a clockwise direction. In the process, care must be taken not to damage the insect: its entire head should not remain inside. Sometimes small parts of an insect can linger under the skin - it does not matter, the cat's body will cope with such foreign bodies.
To prevent the parasite from causing much harm by its saliva, do not disturb it. And, if you already captured the body of an insect, you need to twist it quickly, until it began to secrete saliva.
In the process of removing the tick, we must remember that the insect can be contagious. True, epidemiologists believe that fear of infection is only in a certain season and in a particular area. But you should not risk it: it is better to do everything in rubber gloves and be careful not to damage the cat's skin once again.
After removing the tick, many try to remove this filth rather out of sight. But you should not throw it away: even having been in a cat and tortured with a hook or tweezers, it is quite tenacious - it will come around and climb up to someone again. It is pointless to drown parasites: even dead, they do not sink, because they have a small bubble filled with air.
Moreover, it is not necessary to push it: if the tick is a carrier of infection, then, crushed, it becomes many times more dangerous.
To destroy the tick, you need alcohol: the insect will not survive in this liquid. However, if there is a suspicion that the tick is infected, it is not necessary to destroy it immediately: it is better to deliver it in a tightly closed jar to the laboratory for research.
Before removing the tick, it is necessary to treat the tools and hands, but the animal’s skin, especially around the bite site, should not be smeared with anything.
After you managed to pull the tick from the cat, you should immediately make an antiseptic treatment. The bite site is best treated with hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine or terramycin (spray or solution). If there are no such substances, it is permissible to use iodine, alcohol, brilliant green, methylene blue, but these are not the best antiseptic options: they are painful and injure the skin, especially brilliant green.
The first 2-3 weeks after the bite will need to carefully monitor the state of the bitten animal: approximately the incubation period of diseases tolerated by ixodus ticks lasts for so long. In cats, the clinical picture of these diseases is not specific, so any changes in the state and behavior should be a concern.
However, even a bite of a non-infected parasite can lead to deterioration if the conditionally pathogenic microflora has got into the body and an allergic reaction to insect saliva has developed. Symptoms of allergy and secondary infection will also not develop immediately.
Like humans, cats are given a prophylactic immunoglobulin at risk of infection with encephalitis. This vaccine is paid, but is it worth saving on the health and life of your pet?
At risk are cats living and walking freely near forests: it is there that the greatest concentration of active ticks is observed in the warm season. But you can protect them with anti-parasitic agents: collars, drops on withers and sprays. All of these tools have their advantages and disadvantages.
The collar is less toxic than other products, but has longer contact with the animal’s skin and can cause irritation or an allergic reaction.
Drops are the most effective form of protection, but be sure that the cat does not lick them off the coat: antiparasitic agents are toxic. That is why the drops must be applied to the withers: the cat will not reach the tongue there. You can use drops no more than once a month.
Sprays are safer, but their duration is shorter, and, consequently, the effectiveness is lower.
But the main thing: it is not enough to know how to pull a tick from a cat, it is still necessary to detect it. And this can only be done by an attentive owner, who at least daily pats his pet. And ideally, even combing and inspecting.
How to pull a tick from a cat at home
First of all, it is necessary to determine at what stage the mite is fixed:
- if all 8 paws and the whole body of the parasite are visible on the skin, it means that it only begins to attach to the skin of the animal - this is the initial stage,
- at the stage of complete fixation - the parasite's paws are immersed in the skin, the body has a teardrop shape, and the head is slightly visible,
- A tick that has sucked blood looks like a convex mole, it is completely immersed in the skin of an animal, as a rule, such a stage occurs 4-8 hours after the parasite hits the cat's skin.
How to pull tick with tweezers and thread
If the parasite is fully entrenched in the skin of a cat and is at the stage of saturation with blood, its grip is the strongest. Knowing how to pull a tick from a cat with tweezers, you can quickly and accurately remove the parasite. To do this, follow the following instructions:
- The skin of the animal must be rid of excess wool and treated with an antiseptic.
- Since the parasite breathes all over the surface of the body, the first thing to do is to shut off oxygen to it. At this stage, it will be appropriate to use any available tools that can grasp the film on the body and not pass oxygen (for example, sunflower oil, nail polish, cream or petroleum jelly). Lubricate the body of the tick is necessary every half minute.
- After 15 minutes, you need to take tweezers and a magnifying glass, gently pry the tick behind the head, slowly pulling it out of the skin.
- After that it is necessary to pull out each paw of the tick with tweezers. It is important to ensure that parts of the parasite do not break off, but to reach completely to prevent inflammation in the cat.
If the head and paws of the tick are extracted, and he continues to hold, you need to remember how to pull the tick from the cat with thread. For this, a loop-strangulation is made of the thread, which is placed under the tick and tightened, so that its body will be separated from the skin of the animal. After that, you need to re-treat the cat's skin with an antiseptic.
Care for a cat after removing the tick
The bite site will heal for about two weeks, it is important to properly care for the animals during this period. Exposure to tick saliva adversely affects the condition of the animal, and may cause hair loss and scar formation.
If the animal appears lethargy or appetite abruptly disappears, it is necessary to immediately visit a doctor. The remaining parts of the tick can cause severe inflammation in the animal and cause the development of allergic reactions.
Having practical experience and knowing how to pull a tick from a cat, you can cope with this task yourself, without causing any harm to the animal. If there is no such experience, you should not risk, it is better to visit a good veterinarian.
How to pull a tick from a cat at home with various devices? When do I need to go to the vet to treat the effects of the bite?
In summer, when nature comes to life, trees and bushes are turning green around, blood-sucking insects are activated. Pet owners should know how to pull a tick from a cat. If an insect adheres to the pet's body, it is advisable to immediately show it to the veterinarian. But this possibility does not always appear. Try to extract the parasite yourself, following simple rules.
1. Inspect the skin of the animal after each walk.
Experienced breeders recommend abandoning free-range cats. These animals may well exist in the apartment. It is difficult to organize this for owners of private houses. At the cottage or in the cottage, the pet will periodically jump out onto the street. You need to know how to pull a tick from a cat at home.
Make it a rule to inspect the fur of the animal immediately after each walk. Cats are predators from nature, they have a genetic level of protection against attackers in the form of thick skin. A parasite on the torso is looking for where to attach. It takes a lot of time. You have a chance to catch an insect that has not yet clung. Knowing how to pull a tick's head from a cat, look for a bite in unprotected places - in the ears, on the abdomen, in the armpits.
If you see a dark bulge on the animal's skin, you will have to take serious measures to get the tick out of the cat at home. It is not uncommon for pet owners to take a natural birthmark or nipple of an animal for an insect that has stuck into their skin. They open them up to wounds, and then begin the painful treatment at the veterinary clinic. Before removing an insect, make sure that it is a parasite.
2. Clearing the bite site
Ask the doctor how to pull a tick from a cat in advance in order to follow its recommendations, if necessary. Do not panic. In your power to help the animal. To avoid spreading and spreading the infection, clear the bite site. Shave wool to see well the wound. Treat the area around the bite with an antiseptic without touching the parasite. Do not push or pull the body of an insect. You will tear it in half, and getting a part of the body from the skin of an animal is even more difficult.
Shaving the hair until the parasite is withdrawn is impossible. You hurt the animal. Fix it by wrapping a paw with a towel so that it does not run away during manipulations, carefully examine the bite site.
3. Shut off the parasite oxygen supply
In order to weaken the insect's grip, block the access of oxygen to it. To do this, abundantly lubricate the bite with vegetable oil or fat cream. A film forms on the surface, the parasite suffocates, then you will easily get it. It is believed that under the influence of sunflower oil the body itself falls outside, but often it needs help. Not everyone knows how to pull the head of a tick from a cat, but this information is sufficiently freely available.
On the net, you will find advice to “seal” the bite spot with nail polish. Do not follow such ridiculous recommendations. In this way, you only aggravate the position of the animal. The wound will inflame, sepsis will begin.
Using vegetable oil to lubricate the wound, do it every 10 minutes for an hour. During this time, the insect will weaken, his body will come out.
4. Use a lasso pen
Veterinarians who know how to pull a tick from a cat’s ear out of the ear use a special lasso pen. The holder with a loop at the end is constructed independently. Take a strong thread or thin fishing line, tie it with a small loop, pry under the body of the parasite and gently twist. The insect will move, gradually exposing numerous paws. When you make sure that the body is outside, pull harder to remove it completely.
Watch the video on how to pull a tick from a cat to make out every move. It is advisable to do it together, so that one person would keep a pet, and the second would get a bloodsucker. Take the remains of an insect for analysis to the sanitary epidemiological station. If there is a chance of infection, the animal will receive treatment. Immunoglobulin injection is required in order to restore the immune system, to adjust its work.
5. Use tweezers or syringe.
If you do not have a lasso pen, but you have learned how to pull a tick from a cat with tweezers, use this method. Pry off the body of the bloodsucker at the base and turn it around gently. Do not pull abruptly, the movement should be smooth. When the case is removed, check that the foot is in place. To store insect residues, use a small, closed container of alcohol.
See how to pull a tick from a cat with a syringe. The essence of the method lies in the fact that a syringe without a needle is applied to the site of the bite, you pull the piston. A vacuum is created, which removes the body from the skin of the animal. This method is dangerous, there is a risk of leaving part of the parasite inside the pet.
After the manipulation, be sure to show your pet to the veterinarian. He will tell you what to do after a tick has been pulled from a cat. The animal is assigned a comprehensive anti-inflammatory therapy.
What danger do ticks carry
Blood-sucking parasites, falling on the animal's body, do not immediately bite him, but look for a better place, fix themselves on it with the help of tenacious legs and only then bite through the victim's skin, delving into it with the head. In this case, the body of the tick is outside. This insect is dangerous for both humans and any animal. The mite infects the victim's blood, resulting in a gradual intoxication of the body. Insect is a carrier of serious infectious diseases.
Symptoms of tick bites in animals:
- total apathy,
- heartbeat quickens,
- there is anemia,
- sudden weight loss
- lack of appetite,
If the mite is not removed in time, then the animal is waiting for a slow inevitable death due to the complete intoxication of the body.
How to detect a blood-sucking insect?
At the end of the walk it is necessary to inspect the cat or dog to identify ticks and other parasites. Ticks do not immediately bite the animal, but within a few hours move through the body of the victim in search of a suitable place to bite. With a thorough inspection immediately after the walk, the tick can simply be shaken off. During the inspection you need to pay close attention to:
- кожу подмышек,
- за ушами,
- живот и паховую зону.
Именно эти места на теле кошки или собаки любят кусать кровососущие клещи.
Как правильно вытащить клеща у животного?
Вытащить клеща у животного можно несколькими безопасными способами. To eliminate the insect, you can use special drugs, tweezers, hook, twister, needle. Such a procedure is best carried out in a clinic at an experienced veterinarian. But there are times when it is not possible to go to a veterinary clinic, so every owner of a cat or dog should know how to pull out a tick at home. Before carrying out the procedure for removing the bloodsucker, it is necessary to treat the instrument with alcohol so that additional infection does not enter the blood of the pet. It is necessary to remove the parasite very carefully and carefully, without haste, so as not to break the insect, otherwise the parasite will be partially removed, and its oral cavity will remain in the place of the bite under the skin.
How to get the dog out of the dog?
There are several safe and reliable options for removing a tick from a dog. Eliminate the parasite will help:
- pharmaceutical drugs. Carefully lubricate the mite itself and the skin around it with alcohol or iodine solution, which will block the flow of air to the parasite. In half an hour the tick will come out by itself
- twister, a special tool for the removal of insects in the form of a hook with a slot in the middle. To do this, you need to fix the bloodsucker on the hook and slowly twist the twister in the clockwise direction until the parasite's head comes out completely,
- paper clip easily help remove the bloodsucker. Bend the clip in half, push the tick into the hole formed, clamp it and slowly rotate it clockwise, twisting it completely out of the bite wound,
- tweezers or tongs. Pre-treat the instrument with alcohol, gently take the tick by the body and slowly rotate clockwise. After the tick is completely out, smear the bite with alcohol solution, and destroy the parasite,
- sewing needle or syringe. The needle can be disinfected on an open fire by burning it for 1 minute, then piercing the tick with a hot needle, after a few seconds using tweezers to try to unscrew it from the wound. Then thoroughly treat the bite site with 40% alcohol solution.
Important! If the tick was not completely removed and the mouth of the parasite was left in the form of a small splinter, a thin sewing needle should be heated on an open fire and the proboscis should be removed from the wound, as usual, the splinter is removed.
How to pull a tick from a cat?
Pulling a tick at home in a cat can be in several ways. For this, as a tool, you can use any suitable object that is in the house. For example, you can remove the bloodsucker using:
- sewing thread, for this purpose it is better to take a thick durable thread, make a small loop out of it, throw the tick as close as possible to its mouth, tighten it slowly and clockwise behind both ends of the thread to unscrew the parasite from the wound,
- hook with two teeth, you can buy it in a specialized pet store, clamp the parasite between the teeth and twist it in a circular motion in the clockwise direction,
- surgical tweezers or clamping. The tips of these tools have a curved shape, which allows you to grasp the tick close to the proboscis. Gently unscrew the parasite from the wound in a circular motion. For complete extraction of the bloodsucker out you need to make a few turns.
To remove a tick from a cat, you can use anti-parasitic agents that are produced in the form of a liquid (ampoules with a solution, drops) or a spray. Carefully treat the affected areas of the animal's body with a medicine, the agent has a paralytic effect on the tick, after which it disappears. When choosing a drug, it is best to ask the veterinary pharmacy doctor for advice.
What to do after removing the tick?
After removing the tick from the body of a dog or cat, many pet owners are wondering what to do next after having pulled the tick out? After the elimination of the blood-sucking parasite is necessary:
- lubricate the bitten place with a solution of alcohol, sprinkle with an antiseptic preparation,
- can be applied to the wound a little ointment, which consists of antibiotics,
- if there is a slight redness at the site of the bite, the inflammatory process can be removed with a spray with hydrocortisone,
- for two to three weeks every day to examine the affected areas of the animal, to ensure that the healing is fully completed.
Important! If, after the removal of the parasites, the dog or cat remains sluggish, eat poorly, do not respond to games, then the animal's body has become seriously intoxicated, in this case it is better to contact a veterinarian.
So that after a walk with a pet, the owner did not have to ask how to pull a tick from a dog or cat, it is necessary to take preventive measures in time. Regularly use anti-parasite products, carefully inspect the animal after each walk, and in the event of a tick attack, immediately remove them. Antiparasitic means include:
- Collar against ticks and other parasites. It is a narrow strip of stretch material impregnated with a special medicinal solution or essential oils that repel parasites. Effective only with constant wear, valid for 2-3 months.
- Spray from ticks. Regular treatment of a cat or dog with a spray helps to avoid tick attacks during a walk. Spray spray should be on the entire integument, avoiding the region of the muzzle, genitals. Ensure that the animal does not lick the medicine until it is completely dry. Excellently proven drugs against ticks "Frontline", "Leopard", "Bayer". Give a positive effect for 3-4 weeks.
- Medicine in ampoules or drops against ticks. The solution should be applied to the body of the animal in the area of the shoulder blades, withers, behind the ears, along the spine. Before applying the drug, you need to carefully study the instructions and strictly follow it. Drugs need to buy in veterinary pharmacies and only after consulting a doctor. Drops "Advantix" solution "Fiprist" give an excellent positive effect.
- Powder, powders, dry mixes. Represent drugs in powder form. Dry the mixture thoroughly into the skin of the animal. Well proven drug "Celandine from fleas and ticks."
- Shampoo against fleas and ticks. Regular use of shampoo while bathing a cat or dog relieves and protects the animal from being attacked by ticks and other parasites. The most effective "DoctorZOO", "DANA" for dogs, "Ali-San DANA", "BioVaks" for cats.
Important! All antiparasitic drugs can not be used if the sick animal, weakened, has an allergic reaction to one of the components of the drug, is in a state of pregnancy or is feeding offspring.
In general, in any stomach, dog or cat, the same methods can be used to pull out a tick. So you can view all the proposed options and videos for both animals, and choose the most suitable option for you. Someone will prefer an affordable and time-tested thread, and someone trusts more purchased and easy-to-use medical instruments (twister or medication). If you are afraid of harming the animal, it is better to go to the vet and see how he copes with this problem, and if you suddenly encounter such a problem again, you can confidently cope with the insect. Although it is better not to bring the situation to this. Careful inspection of the pet after each walk, the use of antiparasitic drugs, attentive attitude to your pet - this is the key to the health and full life of your pet!
How to find the parasite
After each walk the animal is desirable inspect for tick. It looks like a flat brown drop, ranging in size from two to five millimeters. After the parasite gets drunk with blood, its size can increase to one and a half centimeters, and he becomes like a gray wart. Peering closer, you can see the hooked legs and the point of the head.
The sooner the parasite is found, the better. Once on the skin, he does not immediately dig at it, but within two hours he can look for a suitable place for a bite. therefore cat inspection immediately upon arrival her home can give a chance to find a tick before it squirms into the skin.
Most often, parasites dig into the skin of the armpits, thighs, abdomen and behind the ears. In cats, they prefer the groin area.
Having found a suitable place, the tick cuts tissue and advances its proboscis as far as possible.
With the help of the oral apparatus with teeth and hooks, the parasite is securely fixed in one position and begins to alternately suck blood and lymph.
In the process of feeding, the mite injects special enzymes into the wound, which anesthetize. Due to this, the animal does not show any anxiety, since it simply does not feel the presence of the parasite.
Therefore, in order to detect a tick in a cat, it should be carefully examined, felt or combed against the fur.
How to pull a tick from a cat at home
There are several ways to remove pests.
Deleting with thread.
For this, a loop is made from a coarse thread, which is worn on the pest closer to the skin. Then, with both fingers, both ends of the thread are compressed, and by turning it counterclockwise, the tongue is twisted.
Externally, the hook looks like a curved fork with two teeth, which are set so that the parasite is in the middle. Next, the tick is unscrewed from the skin of the animal. Such hooks are usually sold in pet stores. If you can not buy them, you can try to get a pest in other ways or contact your veterinarian.
Removal with special forceps or surgical clamp.
These tools have a curved shape, so they can easily capture a tick close to the proboscis. After that, the insect is clamped and counter-clockwise is pulled out. You can remove the pest by making two or three turns.
You can not pull sharply, as you can only tear off part of the tick, and its proboscis will remain inside. This can lead to the development of tissue necrosis and its further inflammation.
After removing the parasite, the bite wound on the cat's skin must be treated with disinfectants.
You can apply a small amount of antibiotic ointment.
At the site of the bite, a small inflammation may develop, which will help remove a small amount of hydrocortisone spray.
Complete wound healing can take about a week.
For three weeks, the behavior of the pet will need to watch. If the cat feels unwell, becomes sluggish, feels itchy and itchy, you should show it to the vet as soon as possible.
After removing the tick can't try to trample it, crush your fingers or throw into the sewer. They are very tenacious, so in order to kill the parasite, it must be burned or placed in a jar with alcohol. And it is best to pass a tick on the analysis to find out whether he was a carrier of the disease or not.
How can not pull tick
You can often hear the advice that an insect is easily removed. with sunflower oil or alcohol. It is not recommended to do this, as the tick alone will not abandon its victim, but because of irritation, it will release more enzymes that contribute to the infection of the animal’s body.
In addition, veterinarians are not advised to extract a tick from a cat:
Crush the protruding end of the parasite on the pet's body.
To pick out an insect with a needle.
Pull the tick with your fingers.
Burn it with a cigarette.
Apply caustic liquids to the bite site, such as ammonia, gasoline, kerosene.
Antiparasitic products for cats
It is impossible to fully protect the animal from the tick bite, but special preventive agents will help minimize the risk.
They are suitable for healthy adult cats and are a strip impregnated with a special, deterrent tick agent.
Advantages of the collar:
the means with which the strip is impregnated are valid for three to five months,
the collar is only enough to put on the animal, so it is easy to use,
has such a prophylactic low cost.
may cause local irritation, in the form of hair loss in the neck and dermatitis,
have high toxicity, therefore, are not recommended for pregnant and sick cats, as well as kittens,
There is a high risk of poisoning the animal, which the collar will nibble or sweat.
It is quite effective, but not very convenient to use tools.
It should be distributed throughout the cat's coat, avoiding contact with the nose, mouth, eyes and genitals.
A cat at this time should stand quietly, which is difficult to achieve.
We can not allow the animal immediately after applying the composition began to lick themselves. Pet will have to keep until the drug is dry.
Possible signs of intoxication: salivation, drooling, vomiting.
To date, Frontline is considered the safest spray, which is quite expensive.
The drug is applied to the skin of the animal in the area of the shoulder blades, is absorbed into its upper layers and scares or even kills the parasites.
High-quality drugs can be used already for eight-month kittens and pregnant cats.
Drops that contain heavy pesticides should not be applied to sick and pregnant cats and kittens younger than three months.
For the entire season, the drops should be used once a month.
Before you start using any antiparasitic agent, you must carefully study the instructions. Sometimes active substance may cause intoxication, at the first sign of which you should immediately contact a veterinarian.
Caring owners of cats and cats should know all these preventive measures and, before releasing the pet for a walk, protect it in one of the ways.