How cats appeared on Earth: history and amazing facts


Cats accompany a person for a long time, and during this time they managed to leave their very noticeable mark not only in life, but also in culture and history of people. In this article, you will learn about a list of the most famous cats in history who have contributed to the culture.

Various heroes of "cat origin" are invariably popular, and their names are actively used by both ordinary cat lovers and breeders, who hope in this way to give their pets similarity to their namesakes.

Cats are among the favorite children's characters, and this is typical for the whole world.

Images of the most popular heroes of cats are easily recognizable, and advertising with the participation of these animals is simply doomed to popularity. So, read the list:

  1. Cheshire Cat. Undoubtedly, one of the most popular characters who regularly "pops up" on the screen. He was glorified by Lewis Carroll's fairy tale "Alice in Wonderland", where he is one of the most recognizable characters. The unique ability of this cat was the ability to fade, as if dissolved in the air, leaving instead of itself only its dazzling smile. By the way, this smile has become the nominal symbol of an overly smiling, cloying man.
A constantly smiling cat, able to teleport at will, quickly disappear or, conversely, gradually dissolve into the air.

2. The second number is the popular cartoon character Felix. It cannot be said that he was as gifted as the Cheshire Cat, but in popularity he also holds her.

Felix the Cat is an anthropomorphic cat, a cartoon hero, who appeared in the era of silent films.

3. Garfield. This is a real world star. Cartoons with his participation always collect a lot of viewers, but besides that, he is also a comic book hero. He is known for his huge eyes, good appetite, aphoristic phrases and laziness. He has a good sense of humor and loves to make fun of his rustic owner John and his dog, whose name is Odie.

4. The fourth is the cat Hodge. This cat once belonged to Dr. Samuel Johnson. This gentleman was a scholar, critic and compiler of an explanatory dictionary of the English language. In addition, he was the first to publish the collected works of William Shakespeare and simply adored cats. His favorite cat was Hodge.

In 1997, the Mayor of London solemnly unveiled a monument to the cat Hodge - the favorite of Samuel Johnson.

Dr. Johnson even treated him with oysters. The cat was so famous that some poets even dedicated their poems to him. And subsequently, a monument was erected near the house of Samuel Johnson Hodge, which is by far the most famous monument to the cat.

5. The fifth line is occupied by a black Angora cat, owned by Cardinal Richelieu. Interestingly, although the cardinal was a church minister, he gave him the name Lucifer.

Perhaps the most famous cat Richelieu was the black cat Lucifer.

6. The sixth was the hero of numerous programs on feeding cats, the cat Morris.

Cat named Morris is delighted with horseback riding.

7. The seventh is the cartoon cat Sylvester. He belongs to a large family of cartoon cats, whose life was reduced to chasing his enemies tirelessly (in this case it was a canary that Sylvester caught unsuccessfully).

Whatever tricks the cat Sylvester came up with, the baby Tweety can always fool him.

8. This line of rating secured the famous Puss in Boots from the fairy tale of Charles Perrault. As you know, this cat helped its poor owner to marry the daughter of the Marquis and get rich.

One day, the Cat saved the old woman, the mother of the head of the city guard. For this, grateful residents handed him boots.

9. Following the Cat in boots is the kindest cat in history - Leopold. The hero of the Soviet cartoon series remains popular to this day and his name is well known even to kids. He constantly confronted two mice, and each time offered to live together.

And Leopold just wants to live together with everyone, and each episode ends with the phrase: “Guys, let's live together!”

10. The tenth was the cat Boris from the advertisement of cat food.

These cats know about half of the inhabitants of Russia. Oddly enough, the rating did not include a cat named Tom from the American animated series about Tom and Jerry.

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From the history

The Jewish legend tells an amazing story about the origin of cats: the first representative of the cat appeared from the mouth of a lion on the Noah's Ark, after he sneezed. Before that, Noah asked God to protect the Ark from the uncontrolled breeding of rats.

In ancient Egypt, the death of a cat was considered mourning for the owners, in whose sign they shaved their eyebrows. Here, for the premeditated murder or smuggling of these animals, the culprit could even be sentenced to death.

Thousands of cats were burned during the Middle Ages, as Pope Innocent VIII declared them devil's messengers. This caused a sharp increase in the number of rats, which contributed to the active spread of the terrible plague epidemic.

It is believed that Isaac Newton thought up the door for cats for the first time, but no real confirmation of this surprising fact was found.

Felisette - the only representative of the cat, who was in space (1963). Before traveling, electrodes were implanted into the brain by the animal, which transmitted the state of the animal during the flight, which Felisette successfully transferred.

It is believed that the cat helped scientists invent iodine when they accidentally knocked over test tubes with different substances and they mixed.

Just 100 years ago, most of the representatives of the species were with short hair, but then the experiments on crossing and breeding of various breeds began to gain popularity.

Physical features

In one litter, females may carry offspring from different males.

Cats ears can move asynchronously and rotate 180 ° C, and 32 muscles are used for their movement.

The hearing acuity of cats reaches 65 kHz, which exceeds the capabilities of not only humans (20 kHz), but also dogs (40 kHz). At the same time, they are very susceptible to loud sounds and do not like when the owners listen to music loudly or watch TV.

On a note! Kittens up to 10 days of age can distinguish sound vibrations in the range up to 100 kHz.

The specific structure of the eyes allows cats to see the situation in a radius of 180 °, so they can be observed when hunting for mice with several holes at the same time. But at the same time they are not able to consider in detail closely located objects. Best of all, they see objects at a distance of 0.7-2 m.

Kittens, regardless of breed, are born with blue eyes, and their color changes as they grow up.

After numerous experiments, scientists have found that cats do not have receptors in their language that are responsible for recognizing sweet taste, although many owners of sweet tooth cats can certainly deny this amazing fact.

The mustache is one of the main “documents” of a cat, which allows him to navigate in space, analyze information about the world, and also serves as an envelope gauge - allows you to get an idea beforehand whether you can get into this or that loophole.

The sweat glands in cats are located only on the paw pads, so the animal in a state of fear or stress can leave wet marks on the asphalt or the floor.

In the arsenal of cats more than 100 different sounds. For comparison, dogs reproduce no more than 10 sound variations. At the same time, they use the meow exclusively to appeal to the person, and sniffing, mumbling and hissing serve as a means of communication between themselves.

Interesting! In an effort to get what they want from a man, cats can imitate the cry of a child.

The cat's claws are arranged in an amazing way, because they “work” only when the animal is in the upside-down position. That is why the fact is authentically confirmed: cats cannot descend from the tree upside down and always do this, moving backwards.

Pets at short distances can reach speeds of up to 48 km / h, which is 5 km faster than Usain Bolt, who is considered the fastest man.

Cats sense smells 14 times brighter than humans. With the help of smell, they can even determine the temperature of food and ambient air.

The imprint of a cat's nose is as unique as the imprint of a human finger.

Cats have an incredible jumping ability. Amazing fact: they can jump to a height of 5 times their own height.

The incredible healing abilities of these pets are confirmed by the research of scientists. They found that the rumbling of animals varies in the range of 20-120 Hz, while the frequency of 20-50 Hz is used for physiotherapy procedures in the treatment of bones, muscle injuries, sprains.

Amazing facts relate to the skeletal system of cats: their body consists of 230 bones, and due to the absence of a clavicle, they are able to creep into any hole in the size of the head.

Feline habits and preferences

Love for milk is one of the common myths about cat taste preferences. A surprising fact, but in fact most cats suffer from lactose intolerance.

The aromas of thyme, mint and elderberry bring real pleasure to cats and have a kind of intoxicating effect, while citrus smells they do not tolerate.

The rustling paper in the understanding of cats is the softest and warmest material, so they very often choose it as a place to sleep.

Aspirin is a toxic substance for cats, which provokes a lethal outcome. Coffee, vinegar, grapes and garlic are also harmful to animal health.

According to the results of observations, felinologists managed to find out that males are most often right-handed, and females are left-handed.

Cats do not tolerate closed space and "heavy" air, so it is important not to leave them behind the closed door and not to forget to open the windows for ventilation more often.

Scientists have calculated another amazing fact about cats: they spend about 2/3 of their lives on sleep. Thus, a 6-year-old animal spends only 2 years in the waking state, and a third of this time it spends on caring for itself.

Domestic representatives of the species, unlike the wild ones, often walk with the tail raised to the top, whereas in their wild relatives it usually keeps horizontally or is located between the hind legs.

It is believed that when a cat ceases to bury its excrement, it means that it is not afraid of the owner and considers himself the owner of the territory. Because the instillation of feces from the time of the wild feline life is associated with an attempt to hide the traces so as not to attract the attention of other, larger animals.

Amazing facts about cats are even connected with coffee. One of the most expensive varieties of Kopi Luwak from Indonesia is characterized by an unusual taste due to the fact that coffee beans pass through the digestive tract of civet, Asian tree cats. Inside the beans are coffee beans that are not digested by gastric juice. Subsequently, they are selected from civet excrement, cleaned and slightly roasted. True gourmets are ready to pay $ 174 for 450 g of strange coffee beans.