- Other names: Russian Piebald Hound, Gontchaja russkaja pegaja, Russian harlequin hound, English-Russian Hound, English-Russian Hound, Russian Pinto.
- Growth: up to 68 cm
- Weight: up to 30 kg.
- Color: the hull is black-pied with a tan, let's say a gray-pied or purple-pied with a slight speck; the limbs and the stomach are white.
- Wool: it is short on the head, 5-6 cm in length, the undercoat is soft, short, dense.
- Lifespan: up to 13 years.
- Breed advantages: Brave hunter and loyal friend. The dog is gambling, agile, mobile for energetic and active people who prefer to hunt for the red beast.
- Difficulties: The dog is prone to escape due to the hunting instinct.
- Price: up to $ 500.
History of origin
Russian piebald appeared in the Russian Empire during the reign of Elizabeth. The favorite entertainment of the nobility of the heyday was considered hunting. Earlier imported as gifts of the English hounds began to cross with the Russian variety of hunting dogs. The pinto hound is still erroneously called the Russian hound, although the dogs have quite a few differences.
Until 1951, dogs were called English-Russian, but after separation into two breeds began to exist Russian Houndrecognized by the World Canine Association FCI, and Russian pinto - outside the FCI classification. Almost all representatives of the breed live on the territory of the Russian Federation, and only a small proportion of dogs is found in the nearby countries of Eastern Europe.
Despite the non-recognition of the FCI, dogs are very popular, especially among fans of flock hunting. On the breed Russian pike hound pricerelatively stable over the past 10-15 years, and demand has grown steadily. In addition to hunters, dogs prefer to acquire people who lead an active lifestyle.
Pied Potter - great companionif his education was given enough time. But if mistakes were made in the process of familiarizing a dog with a domestic lifestyle, the animal will exist, obeying its instincts — to follow the prey of the prey, to start hunting when it pleases. therefore the largest percentage of losses is the Russian piebald.
Have dogs extraordinary temperament against the background of pronounced hunting qualities. By the nature of the piebald potter - quite obstinate being. The animal accompanies its dissatisfaction with heart-rending barking, and it can even whimper.
It should be noted that The voice of the Russian Pinto Hound was originally noted as the main characteristic of the breed. and was considered quite musical. A dog barking expresses his condition - from desires to hurt feelings. This quality is indispensable for hunting, but in everyday life can be a serious irritant. Fortunately, raised pets at home prefer to keep a low profile.
Dogs become attached to the owner and even help in raising children, playing outdoor games with them and guarding against uninvited guests. As for other pets, here the Russian hound can show all his temper up to aggression, even if she grew up with pets, as they say, from the cradle.
Breed video review
The history of the formation of the breed, its development and breeding of dogs in a small plot of the transfer of Planet of Dogs - My Planet. A brief trip to the homeland of Russian piebald hounds - to the city of Gorodets, Nizhny Novgorod region with Grigory Maneuv:
Choosing a puppy
The acquisition of a piebald hound puppy is practically no different from the acquisition of a baby of any other hunting breed. By virtue of the invention of the soul of the Russian recommended to take a dog in the kennelwhere you can verify the breed puppy.
Dogs of the Russian Pinto Hound breed puppiesborn white with minor black spots, and only with time the contrast increases and blush appears.
Puppies are usually already at the age of one month noisy, talkative, mobile, and they can be taken to a new home. At the age of one month, it is easier to teach a puppy to go to the toilet for a diaper while the quarantine period is in effect after the first necessary vaccination.
Buying a puppy, should pay attention to its activitys If he is silent and avoids his fellows, something is wrong with the baby’s health. He needs to urgently measure the temperature and consult a veterinarian. Abdominal distension at this age may indicate rickets, and may be due to the presence of worms in the gastrointestinal tract.
Hunters prefer to take puppies podroschennyh, not younger than 6 months, but not older than 8 months of age. The body of a teenager was practically formed, and all negative factors of heredity appeared, if they exist.
In any case, the breeder should conclude an agreement on the sale and obtain the necessary recommendations for cultivating the Russian piebald - conditions of detention, feeding, raising an independent or inviting an experienced dog handler.
Nicknames and names
In these not-so-ordinary dogs, the names must fully comply with them. Names, as a document of personality, reflect the character and habits of dogs. Nicknames give capacious, ringingso that the dog can hear it among many other sounds, especially when hunting:
- males - Bass, Thunder, Clarinet, Orpheus, Bassoon, Wake, Typhoon, Hurricane,
- bitches - Boyka, Jackdaw, Dudka, Lute, Norma, Song, Arrow, Flute, Laughter.
Care and maintenance
Breed completely uncomplicated in content. Dogs a priori not intended to be kept in an apartment. Even in a private animal house preferably kept in a spacious aviaryby closing them exclusively during a period of bad weather.
Caring for a dog is completely simple.. Once a week, dogs are combed out, but during the molting period, the procedure is increased by combing the pet every other day. Claws dog grinds on walks itself. The dental system is naturally strong, only with age some representatives of the breed can form plaque, which must be cleaned off at a veterinary clinic.
Eyes and paw pads are inspected daily. Clean your ears regularly and preferably every day.
But to bathe the Russian piebald is often not recommended. In the summer, the dog itself floats perfectly in open water, and in the winter it can be cleaned with snow.
Health and heredity
As a typical representative of hunting dog breeds, the Russian pinto prone to allergies of various etiologies. In general, allergic reactions occur on the background of improper and poor nutrition. A poorly balanced diet can cause hip dysplasia.
Well, in general, the breed quite resistant to various diseases with the exception of infectious diseases carried by blood-sucking parasites. Therefore, seasonal treatments for mosquitoes, ticks and fleas are very important for the health of the pet.
Upbringing and training
Raising a puppy since its appearance in the new house. As soon as they start regular walks, the puppy is taught to relieve themselves on the street and ask to use the toilet as needed.
Up to half a year, with a puppy, as a rule, they train themselves, producing obedience to the main teams. Closer to eight months, dogs begin to teach to hunt.
Russian piebalans are pack dogs, so the work with several representatives of the same breed is very pleasant to the dogs, and they work with great pleasure.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Russian Pinto Hound has a long list of positive qualities, mainly for working in hunting conditions for the beast:
- innate passion for hunting
- high viscosity and good climbing,
- strong musical voice
- attachment to the animal trail
- tirelessness and endurance.
Wool in dogs is considered the biggest plus.. Thick wool with a soft, soft undercoat allows dogs to winter in aviaries.
The disadvantages attributed sharp and unusually strong hunting instinct, which can force the dog to leave the owner and leave after the pursued prey.
Breed unpretentious in the content, care is the easiest. The dogs are beautifully folded and very good looking. They are extremely necessary physical activity. It will be sad to lie at the TV next to the owner, with a view of the creature that failed in life, that life has gone derailed, and it is developing quite badly. But it is necessary to bring the dog to the dresser’s area, and even more so for the hunt, the pet’s joy and self-realization will have no limits.
Representatives of the breed in the mass of large fidgets. I believe that for the Russian piebald housing maintenance should be under the strictest prohibition. These are aviary dogs who prefer to live and hunt in packs. The dogs are well aware of their purpose, and even half-year-old puppies can participate in the hunt - the memory of ancestors is so great in dogs.
Coat and possible colors
The Russian spotted hound has a short coat that evenly covers the body. It is slightly elongated at the hips and shorter at the extremities and face. The presence of tow standard is not allowed. In addition to bristle hair, has and undercoat. It is not thick, but differs in density, resembles the structure of felt.
There are individuals of three colors:
- gray and piebald,
- purple and piebald
- tricolor - a combination of black and pinto wool.
On the coat of the main tone there are spots of red, gray or crimson tones, they have an irregular shape. On the limbs and abdomen the fur may be white. Perhaps the presence of dark specks on the body or dark arrows on the temples.
The Russian piebald hound is a wagon, it can work both with a pack and alone - not all hunting breeds can boast of such. By nature, these dogs are light, fervent, inquisitive. They are stubborn and hardy in their work, and at the same time they have a balanced character, devoid of aggression. To manage such a pet is simple, moreover, these hounds understand the owner at a glance.
Thanks to these qualities, dogs make good companions, but, of course, with some reservations. You can get such a pet in a family with children, especially those who have grown up. It will be interesting for the child to sort or run with such a favorite, and the dog can do this for a very long time. The dog can be taken not only for jogging, but also for cycling - he can run side by side for a long time, without showing signs of fatigue.
Many people write that the Russian piebald potter is not an entirely flat variant, but they are silent about what the owners face in this case. Pet will show curiosity, stubbornness and cunning, in addition, most of the hounds - rather arrogant and shameless dogs. They do not descend to begging, but they take everything by themselves - getting sweets even from the upper shelves. It is impossible to rehabilitate a pet, organization is required of the owners - it is impossible to leave food without supervision.
By virtue of their activities, these dogs differ in a musical, vociferous voice, the barking dog uses to express any emotions - from joy to deep resentment. For hunting, this quality is necessary, but in everyday life it can be a problem, especially if the dog lives in an apartment. However, with the right upbringing, the gonch can become rather silent in everyday life.
Hounds have vigilance, but because of the absence of malice towards a person, they cannot guard or guard. When approaching strangers voice necessarily be served.
Russian piebalo can be kept with other dogs of this breed. Also, the pet can find a common language with dogs of other breeds. As for cats, mice, ferrets and other living creatures, their dog will always be evaluated as prey. If there is no desire to expose existing pets to danger, do not take a puppy of this breed into the house.
Education and training
In working with such a dog from the owner requires firmness and strong will. She will obey only if she respects the owner, taking his leadership. When a person gives up, a hound is worthless to seize the initiative.
The Russian piebalians learn the basic program perfectly well, although the dog can stand up, he will quickly remember the information given to him. If you use the right motivation, then the roughness in the training can be completely avoided. In the case of gonchs, cooperative games, jogging, and porting work fine, sometimes it is even possible to do without delicacies.
Dogs of this breed are hunters in need of Nataska. Of course, nature has endowed them with the necessary qualities, but without training they can lose their abilities. Hounds have an innate passion for hunting, but in the absence of skills the dog will not be able to use it at work.
Traditionally, with Russian peagim hounds go to the fox and hares. Even an untrained dog can catch prey, but in this case, it is most likely to be torn to pieces or eaten. Young dog behaves that way? In no case should such behavior be encouraged, otherwise it will not be an excellent hunter.
Usually, pulling of puppies of this breed starts from 3 months of age. Initially, the pet is introduced to the main teams - “to me!”, “Fu!”, “Stand!”, Etc.
In addition, he is taught to harsh sounds - horn, shots. To do this, just blow the horn, calling the kid for a bowl of food. The dog who has well learned the task, having heard this tool, will rush on it from any place, having thrown the occupations.
The young dog, who is just getting acquainted with the basics of hunting, must be fed before leaving, so that the caught game does not become his food. Prey-eaten dogs will never be good hunters.
One more specific necessary command - “scum!” The pet, having heard it, must stop eating, so that later it could part with the trophy without any problems. For training, use the leash and give the puppy a treat.
If he does not respond to the command, then he is driven away, and the treat is taken away. Most potters already 3-4 times understand what the owner wants from him, otherwise punishment should follow. If the task is completed, the dog is given a treat, but not the one he refused.
On the hunt, you can take a pet from 4-6 months. But he begins to participate in a special raid later - from 8-9 months. The duration of the first classes is 3-4 hours, with a half-hour break. The hare is used in the raid, and only later - the beast that the dog will hunt after training.
Hunting should take place when the weather is dry, without wind, as it will prevent the dog from finding out the rut direction and taking a trail. Representatives of this breed are highly specialized hunters, they are able to recognize the beast by its trail and voice indicate its location.
Care and health
Russian pieballed potters are unpretentious pets that require standard procedures. Dog rarely combed using a special brush, it is enough to do it once every one and a half to two weeks. Bathe the dog only as needed.
What a potter needs is intense physical activity, usually the breeders warn about this particular of buyers. Even if the puppy is not acquired for hunting, it must regularly walk for a long time, practice on the court, hounds are successful in various kinds of canine sports, giving excellent results.
If the dog does not waste energy, it can get sick, become sad, depressed, refuse to eat.
Russian piebald hounds can be attributed to the typical representatives of hunting breeds, so they are prone to the common diseases in these dogs:
- allergic manifestations of various origins - more often allergies are the result of improper, unbalanced nutrition,
- dysplasia of the hip joints.
However, dogs have strong immunity, their body is able to withstand many infections. However, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of their work - they are more often than other dogs find themselves in forest zones and encounter wild animals. Therefore, the pet should be vaccinated in a timely manner, anthelmintic and treated against external parasites.
Mode and diet
It is not recommended to feed a pet of this breed once a day, in which case it will often feel hungry. Dogs are given food from 2 to 4 times a day. Be sure to take into account the needs of a particular dog - some need a hearty breakfast, others - will not go to bed without a good, nutritious dinner.
It is preferable to feed the dog with natural food - fresh meat, vegetables, rich porridges. Pet treat is sugar beef bone. But from the small, hollow bones should be abandoned. To maintain excellent health and hunting qualities with "naturalka" will require vitamins.
Among the forbidden food is fatty pork, smoked meats, pastries, pastries, condiments, spices, pickles. Dry ready-made rations can be included in the diet, but they are given infrequently and necessarily separately from the usual dishes. As a rule, use high-quality feed.
Buying a puppy
It is recommended to purchase a dog in the nursery or from experienced breeders, especially if the owner intends to go hunting with the pet or participate in exhibitions. Naturally, in this case there will be no doubt about the puppy's pure breed and its health.
Experienced hunters prefer to grow puppies 5-6 months of age, but not older than 8 months.It is at this age that the dog takes on the appearance of an adult animal, and the defects, if any, imperceptible in children, are already evident. The same can be said about hereditary defects.
Responsible breeders not only give the vaccinated puppy, supplied with the necessary documentation, but also advise the new owner on various issues of education and maintenance.
It is possible to buy a puppy, suitable as a pet, for 6000-8000 rubles, it will be a purebred dog, but with some flaws. The initial price of a baby suitable for breeding will be about 15,000 rubles, and a show-class puppy will cost more - 25,000-35,000 rubles.
For more than one century, the Russian spotted hound has proved its excellent working qualities, and many hunting enthusiasts choose it as an assistant. The rest of those who want to have a similar pet as a companion for living in an apartment should first familiarize themselves with all the nuances.
The Russian pied hound breed originates from the English hounds, introduced to Russia in the 18th century. In those days, hunting was a popular entertainment among the nobility, and in many estates there were hundreds of hounds, hounds and other dogs, the cost of which amounted to tens of thousands of rubles.
Possession of hunting dogs of noble blood was considered honorable, so among the owners began experiments to improve the hounds. The dogs introduced from foggy Albion began to cross with Russian hounds. As a result, a new breed was obtained - the English-Russian hound.
Later, the breed began to cross with French hounds, and the name changed again. He was involved in the creation of the breed and the blood of the English Foxhounds, who at that time had the best working hunting qualities.
A hunting dog, a Russian pinto hound, is a breed, like a mosaic made up of representatives of the lines of several breeding plants. There was no specific goal to get a new breed from breeders at that time. Hunters were keen to get a hunting dog with good working qualities.
The result of numerous crossing was recorded in 1925, when the standard was approved by the Russian pinto hound. The livestock of dogs of this breed was almost destroyed during the civil war.
In 1951, the new name and description of the breed was finally approved - the Russian pinto hound.
At the first post-war dog show only 8 representatives of the breed were registered. But the breeding work was continued, and the breed group was divided into two lines: black-piebald and nightingale-brown.
Work on breeding the breed was carried out by the forties of the last century in five breeding plants. Before the beginning of World War II, work was in full swing. After the war, tribal work continued at the plants of Tula, Moscow and Kiev.
Breeding work led to the complete destruction in Russia of an independent breed, the English-Russian hound. In 1951, the new name and description of the breed was finally approved - the Russian pinto hound. FCI received in Russia, the breed has not yet been recognized.
Breed description, appearance, photos
The Russian Pinto Hound is a dog above average height, strong constitution, with well-marked sexual characteristics. The breed is characterized by grace of movements, strong bones, developed muscles.
- Height at withers - 55-67 centimeters, the weight of the standard is not installed, but on average is 25-30 kilograms.
- Head wedge-shaped, massive, dry. The lines of the skull are straight. The forehead is flat, the nape is moderately developed. Muzzle with a rounded lower jaw.
- Lips thin, taut. The lower lip is more fleshy than the upper.
- Teeth large, white. Scissor bite, without gap between upper and lower row.
- Nose large, black. The eyes are large, set wide, oval. Eye color is deep brown.
- Ears medium in size and thickness, triangular in shape, with rounded tips.
- Body rectangular, muscular. The neck is oval, at an angle of 45 degrees to the body, with a massive withers. The back is straight, the croup is sloping. The chest is rounded, elbows deep.
- Limbs strong, wide and correctly set, half the height of the dog. Shoulders are developed, with strong forearm oval. The hind limbs are set behind the line of the croup, with elongated thighs. Hocks and wrists sheer.
- Tail powerful, tapered to the tip, saber. The length of the tail to the hock.
The disadvantages include a heavy head, narrow chest, sagging back.
The disadvantages of the breed are:
- Short limbs.
- The folding of the skin.
- Heavy head and snub muzzle.
- Ears rolled up.
- Low set or too extended neck.
- Narrow chest.
- Sagging or humpbacked back.
- Narrow or sloping croup.
- Loose paws.
Russian Pinto Wool and Colors
The Russian piebald hound belongs to short-haired breeds. The distribution of the coat over the body is uniform, with lengthening on the thighs and slightly shortened on the muzzle and paws. Horses on the body and limbs of the dog are not allowed. The undercoat is not thick, but rather well developed, dense, felt-like.
The standard of the Russian Pinto Hound establishes the following types of color:
Marks of irregular red, gray or crimson color are located on the base color. The limbs and the belly of the dog may be white. Dark specks on the body and dark arrows in the temporal region are allowed.
The flaws of the color are bright red tan and large white markings.
The Russian Pinto Hound is smart and hardy. The nature of the breed as a whole is determined by its hunting purpose. Activity and mobility, excitement and unsurpassed scent, this dog manifests while working on the hunt. The hound has a strong voice, an excellent ability to navigate in the forest, to follow the trail.
All representatives of the breed are distinguished by their peacefulness and complete absence of aggression.
At home, it is a leisurely and calm animal. All representatives of the breed are distinguished by their peacefulness and complete absence of aggression. They do not rush at strangers, since they have no guardian instinct at all.
The Russian piebald hounds are devoted to their master and obey him, but you cannot call them good companions. These are, above all, working dogs, and they will long for no hunting. With sufficient physical activity, the dog behaves calmly, does not require attention from the owner.
The Russian Hound treats children in a friendly way, plays actively with them. The dog normally gets on with the cats living in the house. but hamsters and other rodents together with this breed in the apartment can not be kept, because they will become the object of hunting.
The Russian Hound is faithful to all members of the family and at the critical moment will come to the defense of everyone. But as a watchman, such a breed should not be started, since it has absolutely no aggression towards strangers.
Features of training
The owner of this dog must be a man with a strong character and a strong will. The dog must respect the owner, then begin to obey him. It is necessary to feel the slack in the actions of the owner, as the dog will take advantage of this and will cease to obey.
Some skills are necessary for the training of this breed, but in general it quickly remembers the commands and stubbornly seldom. The main condition is the right motivation to take action. In this case, the reward does not necessarily have to be a treat. For this breed, a good reward will be a game with the owner, a joint run, tasks with an aport.
Nataska to hunt
The Russian Pinto Hound is a loyal and reliable helper on the hunt, but only if it is properly trained (trained). Many skills are transmitted to the dog at the level of instincts inherited from the parents. They have a passion for hunting since their birth, but their work skills need to be laid by proper training.
Traditional for the breed is considered to be hunting a fox and a hare.
An untrained dog catches up with the beast and can tear or tear it to pieces. You cannot forgive this behavior for a young puppy, otherwise he will not become a good hunter. Nataska puppy begins with three months. The race starts with training to the teams “To me”, “Stand” and to the sounds of the horn and the shots.
To accustom him to the horn, they blow him before each feeding. It is impossible to blow a horn all day, the dog will lose all interest in it and will be uncontrollable in the forest. A properly trained dog must run to the sound of the horn from anywhere.
IMPORTANT. A young dog must be fed before going on the hunt, otherwise having caught up with the hare, it will immediately start eating it. If such treatment with prey is fixed, the dog will be lost as a hunter.
Next, the dog is taught to execute the command "Search for!". Upon command, she must throw food in order to later calmly give the hunted beast to the hunter. For training the dog is put on a long leash and throw a treat to it. At the command of the dog should throw a treat. If the puppy grins, growls and does not give up the food, it is delayed and the food is taken away.
As a rule, puppies remember the team from 3-4 times, but if the pet continues to persist, it must be punished. After performing the command, the dog must be given a treat, but not the one that it should have thrown.
Puppies begin to join the hunt from 4-6 months.
In the forest, the Russian spotted hound begins to withdraw from 4 months. By 8-9 months, begin a special race. The first classes last 3-4 hours with a break of 20-30 minutes in 1.5-2 hours. The hare is used as the first races, then the beast used for hunting is used. During the process, the hunter walks through the area, shouting and pulling the dog to action.
Hunting with a Russian piebald hound is necessary in dry and windless weather. A strong wind will prevent the dog from determining the direction of the rut, and the dampness will prevent to take a trail. The breed is used on snow and on blackfoot.
The Russian Pinto Hound is a hunter of narrow specialization. Traditional for the breed is considered to be hunting a fox and a hare. The dog skillfully recognizes the beast on the trail, voice tells the owner to know where he is.
Maintenance and care
Russian pinto hound for keeping in urban environments, it is better to start in a country house. For the maintenance you need an open-air cage with a warm booth and free entrance to the house in case of severe frosts. For life on the street, a puppy needs to be cooked gradually, it needs hardening.
You can keep a Russian piebald in an open-air cage, but in cold weather the dog is taken to the heat.
The main thing for this breed is high physical activity. The dog needs increased exercise and training. If someone decides to start this breed in a city apartment, you will have to devote a lot of time to active walks.
IMPORTANT. Walking the hound in the conditions of the city can only be on a leash, otherwise it will pounce on small dogs, since the hunter's instinct will work.
An important event for the care of the breed - cleaning wool. The dog is brushed with a hard brush once a week. It is necessary to bathe a dog only in extreme cases, at strong pollution. The coat of the Russian hound is covered with a layer of sebum, which protects it from heavy pollution.
Daily inspection require pet eyes, since the breed is prone to the development of conjunctivitis. Teeth and ears do not need special care, it is enough to brush them once a week. After walking through the woods while hunting, you need to inspect the body of the dog and paws.
Nutritional value of the breed ration is extremely important due to its increased activity. The main source of energy should be protein.
Russian piebalo can be fed ready-made dry food.
Therefore, the basis of the diet should be meat and offal.
Additional elements: porridge on water or meat broth (buckwheat, rice, millet), boiled or stewed vegetables.
When organizing food with dry food, choose brands of professional class (Trainer, Monge, Almo Nature, Djoser), made on the basis of natural ingredients containing a large amount of meat ingredients.
Do not give the dog spicy, fried, smoked products, sweets and flour. Especially strictly it is necessary to make sure that the dog does not get food with spices, their scent worsens.
The life span of Russian piebald hounds is about 12 years.
For breed diseases are characteristic:
- Dysplasia - destruction of the joints due to increased stress on them.
- Degenerative myelopathy - spinal cord damage due to vertebral deformities.
- Myositis is an inflammation of the muscles.
Puppy selection rules
Selection of a puppy Russian pinto hound directly depends on the purpose of its acquisition. If the dog is acquired for use in hunting, you must begin the selection with an introduction to the working qualities of his parents. To do this, examine the certificates of working test dogs.
If the dog is purchased for keeping as a pet, you can choose a puppy pet class. Perfect fit and breed standards are not so important in this case.
It is necessary to immediately abandon the puppy with the following drawbacks, indicating a tribal marriage:
- Bulldog Jaw.
- Green eyes.
- Pink nose.
The size of the puppy should not influence the choice, much more important is the activity of the baby and proportional addition. You need to get acquainted with the future pet immediately after birth, you can take it from the mother in 1-1.5 months.
You can buy a Russian piebald hound puppy in the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg from private breeders for as low as $ 100.
Before reading reviews of hunters and dog breeders about the breed, we suggest watching a short film about the Russian piebald hound.
Reviews about the breed of hunters and dog breeders
Vladislav. This dog is absolutely not suitable for keeping in an apartment. Display 2 times a day is not an option. This dog needs physical activity, it is good to chase her for a bicycle 7-10 kilometers a day. The running speed is chosen according to the state of health. You can load the dog sled and skier. In the summer swimming helps well.
Dmitriy. The best of all hunting dogs. Quickly learns to work, never lost in the forest. Works on a hare and a fox, it is possible on goats. For borovoy game does not work. The most important quality is the voice, by it you understand what the dog is doing. If the beast is raised, the voice turns into a real song. Advice to all dog lovers - do not take the Russian pinned hound, if you are not hunters. You can't turn this dog into a domestic lap dog.
Semyonich. I live in the city, sometimes I go hunting. When there is no hunting, the dog begins to grieve. I do not advise to bring such a breed to the townspeople. Still, the potter is better in the village, in the aviary or in the yard, so that she jumps and runs.
The origin of the breed began with its destruction. Officially, the Pikehound history is counted from the 19th century, however, a rather wide population of hunting dogs of a similar type lived in Russia long before the breed was approved. The reason for the degeneration, more precisely, the heterogeneity of the almost finished breed group was uncontrolled interbreed breeding. Pretty quickly, the same type of dogs began to differ not only in the exterior, but also lose their working qualities. Literally in every region where large flocks existed (flocks of breeding hound dogs are often called), their own breed line was formed.
Having lost their alternatives, hunters were increasingly inclined to acquire English Foxhounds. At that time, the breed was more stable and of the same type. Dogs of domestic breeding showed poor results in the hunt, mainly the dogs did not have enough malice to the beast and voice. The Foxhounds coped with fishing more successfully, underwent working tests and gradually overshadowed the primary herd of Russian hounds.
Naturally, the Russian breeders did not leave hopes of bringing out the best representatives of the Foxhounds, the Russian and French hounds of their own, versatile and “adapted to the terrain” gonch mating. At present, it is impossible to name all the breeds that took part in the breeding of the Russian Pinto Hound, but it is crystal clear that excellent working qualities and sharpness of intuition were put at the forefront.
It is interesting! The dog of the Russian Pinto Hound breed was “assembled” as a mosaic. There were several breeding factories in the country at once, and each of them contributed an invaluable role in obtaining the final result.
The civil war practically destroyed the Russian hounds population. At the first post-war show, only 8 dogs of the breed group were registered, and even those were noticeably different from each other. Despite all the difficulties, the experts had serious intentions to continue the breeding work. It should be noted that already in those times, the pedigree group was divided into two types - black and piebald and nightingale-piebald. The second had in the pedigrees of the progenitors of French origin.
A small number of dogs and the lack of a breed standard brought the "cousins" into one ring for a rather long period. The whole breed group was exhibited and registered with the name Anglo-Russian Hound. After some time, after increasing the number of dogs, the breed is still divided. In the breeding work, dogs were still allowed, which showed themselves well in the working trials. The main priorities that the judges paid attention to are the sharpness of the scent, voice (burning), endurance, anger to the beast and the speed of dogs. Dimensions, exterior, bony, color and other "conventions" began to take into account after the adoption of the official description of the breed in 1927.
К 1940 годам в России плотно укрепили позиции пять племенных заводов. Улучшение породы шло полным и быстрым ходом вплоть до начала Второй мировой войны. Military actions in a strange way improved the pedigree qualities of dogs, but reduced their livestock. In the post-war years, tribal plants from Moscow (DSO Dinamo), Tula and Kiev took the leading places.
It is interesting! In the post-war standard, the breed was already called the Russian Pinto Hound. International experts recognized the fact that the English-Russian hound was not established as an independent breed, and the Russian piebald was bred "from scratch".
The third edition of the breed standard was written off from the Moscow flock. To many experts, such a move seemed to be a mistake, since the Kiev and Tula groups showed the best results in field trials. However, the Moscow breeding plant was the most homogeneous, and the dogs stood out favorably with a harmonious physique. The outcome of the story was positive. Very little time passed and the stubbornness of the breeders gave a stunning result. The hounds of the Moscow factory became champions one by one and showed excellent results in tests. No magic, only mating planning and breeders experience.
It is interesting! In some sources, the breed is still referred to as the Anglo-Russian Pinto Hound.
Character and training
Unlike many hunting dogs, the character of the Russian Pinto Hound is restrained and balanced. Talking about these qualities, against the background of excellent working skills, acute instinct and malice towards the beast, is possible only thanks to the efforts of breeders who have “ground” the breed from year to year. As the hunt goes into the category of a hobby and ceases to be the key to survival, hounds are increasingly becoming pets. However, the content in the family does not imply the need for loads and compensation of instinctive needs in the hunt.
The education of the puppy of the Russian pinto hound, methods and methods, directly depend on the purpose of your ward. If you are preparing a pet to work in the fields, you need to start far from choosing the method of training. In the genus of hunting dogs, the heredity and working qualities of the dog's ancestors are extremely important. Do you want to choose a puppy Russian pinto hound, which will show good results on the test? Forget about showroom and shopping with your hands. You should not rely on the titles obtained for the exterior, but the certificates of workers tests are extremely important. And you should be interested not only parents, but also manufacturers of three previous generations. You must agree that only serious breeding plants can have such a deep informative base, and only they can guarantee the quality of the working skills of the younger generation.
Note! As a pet, you can purchase a puppy of a pet class, because appearance and the “ideal figure” are not so important if the dog is a member of the family.
The Russian piebald hounds are active and playful, but you have to control the load, especially at puppyhood. Give the ward time to rest after a race or swimming in a pond. Pay attention to the stability of the gait, if the dog is silent - she is tired and needs a break.
The breed is true to the owner and all family members. You should not start a Russian horned guard as a guard on the territory, but in a critical situation, the ward will not hesitate to intervene for the owner. In relation to other animals, the hounds are quite individual. Judging by the experience of established owners, the breed gets along well with cats, but hamsters, rats, ferrets and birds can become an “object” of hunting.
Important! Walking the ward in the parks, do not limit it in the manifestation of instincts. Let the four-footed sniffs the air, stands up, runs after the butterfly or sparrow. Remember, you must be confident in working out the haul or walk four-legged on a leash.
The training of the Russian Pinto Hound is considered a moderate task, but for people with work experience it will not be. The breed is famous for its excellent memory and desire to please the owner. An important factor in dressing is the right motivation. For the Russian piebald hound, playing with an aport or running together along an obstacle course is much more valuable than a delicacy.
Description of the Russian Hound
The growth of the animal, as well as the indicators of the dog's stretching index, are the most basic indicators that make it possible to correctly estimate the dimensions of the Russian pinto hound. In accordance with accepted standards, males should have a height of 58-68 cm with an index of 104, and females - 55-65 cm and an extension index in the range of 103-105.
The purebred dog has a strong build, an exterior typical of potters, and also the following breed standards:
- the head has clear lines, without weighting, with “dry” skin emphasizing straight lines,
- occipital protrusion medium level of development,
- the forehead is long and flat, not wide,
- transition to the nasal dorsum pronounced, without sharpness,
- muzzle in wedge-shaped format, with the presence of a vertical "edge",
- lower jaw rather round,
- the area of the orbits is weak,
- cheekbones and cheeks flat type
- the lips are well-toned and thin, with a slightly fleshy lower part,
- the teeth are large and well developed, white in color, with parallel upper and lower incisors,
- dental scissor, correct, without gaps,
- large nose, black,
- eyes are rather large, expressive, widely set, oval in shape, with an iris in brown tones,
- the ears are medium in size and thickness, lowered to the cheeks, triangular with a rounded tip,
- body in a rectangular format, with good development of the backbone and a developed muscular system,
- neck oval, set in compliance with the angle of 40–45 °, almost equal in length to the distance from the tip of the nose to the back of the head,
- withers well developed and massive, which is especially noticeable in males,
- chest area with depth to the elbow, rounded, with springy and wide ribs,
- dorsal line rather short, with a pronounced and rounded lumbar region and sloping powerful croup,
- shoulder strap a couple of centimeters above the croup area,
- groin line with moderate fit,
- strong limbs have pronounced musculature and harmoniously, rather wide-set joints,
- the front legs are ½ of the total height of the animal at the withers,
- forearm strong, oval-shaped,
- hind legs with protracted croup, strong and powerful, with pronounced and well-formed bones,
- elongated thighs
- powerful tail, with a tapered to the tip, saber-shaped.
The short-haired dog has skin well-toned and practically without folds. In the area of the withers and on the hips, the presence of slightly elongated hair is allowed. The undercoat is well developed, but not excessively thick, with water-repellent properties and a sufficient level of density. Purebred animals can have three typical types of color: gray-pied, purple-pied, and black-and-white or “tricolor”.
It is interesting! According to the voice of the dog of the Russian Hound breed, one can quite easily determine the type of beast that is currently being hunted.
Characterized by the presence of white limbs and abdomen, gray, red or scarlet markings are present in the area of the croup and shoulder girdle and on the head. The number of black spots is not limited to standards. The presence of non-intensive dark specks and arrows on the temples is acceptable.
The main difference from many other hunting breeds is the discreet and measured nature of the Russian pinto hound.. Against the background of the fact that hunting has become a hobby and is not a guarantee of survival at this time, such hanks very often become loyal and clever pets, while maintaining sufficient loads to ensure that the dog’s instinctual needs for hunting are compulsory.
Methods and methods of education depend not only on the age, but also on the main purpose of the dog. To prepare the beagle for work in the field, animals with excellent heredity and high working qualities are selected. The Russian piebald hound is by its very nature very active and playful, but it is necessary to strictly control all the loads, which is especially important at puppyhood.
Important! The peculiar feature of the Russian pinto hound is an excellent memory and a desire to please its owner, therefore, with the right motivation and basic knowledge of dog education, the training process does not cause problems.
The breed is distinguished by loyalty and devotion not only to the owner, but also to all family members, regardless of their age. In relations with other animals, hounds are very individual, but they are capable of getting along well with cats with proper upbringing. According to the owners, domestic rats and hamsters, as well as feathered pets, very often become an “object” for the hunt's hunt.
Content of the Russian Pinto Hound
The Russian piebald hounds do not need any special care.. However, when keeping a dog of this breed, it is necessary to pay attention to the balance of nutrition and feed with a high protein content. Among other things, the pet's coat will require regular removal of the entire dead undercoat with a special brush-mitten.
Street maintenance during the winter period implies mandatory gradual hardening of the hound. On frosty days, the use of warming in the form of clothes is completely discouraged, and in bad weather protective overalls will help keep the pet healthy. Dogs with dry hair control body temperature well and also spend less energy to heat themselves.
Care and hygiene
It is systematically necessary to comb out the pet's hair, but it is advisable to bathe a dog of a hunting breed as seldom as possible, as necessary. Inspection of the mouth and teeth, removal of discharge from the eyes and ears are carried out regularly. Walking a hound in an urban setting is possible exclusively on a leash, which is due to a very developed hunting instinct.
Diet of the Russian Pinto Hound
The diet and feeding regime of the hound is selected strictly according to the individual and age characteristics of the dog. Feeding Mode:
- up to one and a half months - six times a day,
- from one and a half to 3 months - four times a day,
- from 3 to six months - three times a day,
- after half a year - a couple of times a day.
Meat is a mandatory component of the diet of hunting breeds. At the same time, minced meat should not be excluded from the diet, but it must be remembered that such a source of protein, fat and vitamin-mineral components is absorbed by the dog’s body worse than raw and shriveled meat. By-products, represented by the liver, kidneys, brains, lungs, stomach or scar, also have very high biological value.
Important! In the food prepared for a hunting dog, it is required to add sources of fat, represented by butter and melted beef fat, without fail.
Sea and river fish are considered as a source of animal protein, from which bones are extracted. It is recommended to alternate between meat and fish days. Sea fish can be given raw, and the river fish must be boiled beforehand. Once a week the pet should be given one chicken boiled egg. Of dairy products, the hounds need a couple of times a week to give cottage cheese, fresh and grated with whey, hard cheeses, and not too fatty kefir and yogurt.
Veterinarians recommend including porridge in your pet’s daily ration, which is boiled in milk diluted with clean water in a 1: 3 ratio or meat broth. You can add sliced vegetables and fruit to the milk porridge.
Turnips, cabbage, zucchini and swede are usually pre-stewed or boiled, and then given to the beagle as a vitamin supplement to meat dishes. In winter, chopped garlic will not only become an excellent natural anthelmintic, but also provide an additional and valuable source of vitamins.
It is interesting! The best finished dry rations for hound dogs: Egle Pac and CP-Сlаssic, as well as VOZITA ROVUR, Dog Сhоw Аdult and Во Adult.
Particular attention is paid to the special mineral supplements, which are sold in specialized pet stores. The composition of quality feeding includes components represented by lactate and calcium gluconate, brewer's yeast, phytin, bone meal, activated charcoal, glycerophosphate and British salt. Mineral supplements are first well ground, then mixed with the main feed and given to a pet according to the daily intake rate.
Diseases and breed defects
Russian spotted hounds are typical representatives of hunting breeds, and that is why such dogs are prone to the following common diseases:
- allergic manifestations of various etiologies, which most often result from the use of an improper or unbalanced diet,
- inflammation of the eyes, including conjunctivitis,
- inflammation in muscle tissue under abnormal loads,
- malignant hyperthermia,
- dysplasia of the hip joints.
As the practice of dog breeding shows, purebred representatives of the Russian piebald hounds are dogs that possess sufficiently stable immunity, which allows the animal to quite effectively and independently resist to very many infections. Nevertheless, taking into account the specifics of the use of hounds, such pets often encounter a wild beast, so dogs must be vaccinated in a mandatory manner and in a timely manner, anthelmintic, and often treated with ectoparasites.
The most common deficiencies and the main disqualifying breed signs are presented:
- the presence of significant specks,
- very red or too light burned,
- the presence of coffee or mousy spots,
- complete lack of rouge,
- too long or too short hair,
- underdeveloped or absent undercoat,
- wavy or shaggy hair,
- sharply prominent nape bump,
- too well developed brow ridges
- subtle transition from the muzzle to the skull,
- too indented furrow in the middle of the forehead,
- cheekiness and wide-browed
- raw and heavy head
- upturned muzzle
- completely or partially with light or brown nose,
- too big or very small, low set ears,
- rolled up, ears raised on the cartilage,
- bright, small, round and sunken eyes,
- underdeveloped bones or musculature,
- skin folds on the neck or head,
- too low or very set, flat neck,
- narrow or flat, barrel-shaped chest,
- underdeveloped withers,
- narrow or sloping croup,
- elongated or overly shortened tail.
Having a snack and an undershot is a disqualifying vice that deprives the hound of more than tribal and show career. But also very dramatically reduces the performance of the main performance as a hunter.
Buy Russian Pinto Hound
When buying a dog for hunting, you should not rely on titles that were obtained by the puppy's parents for the exterior, but certificates on the results of working tests of three previous generations. An extremely serious breeding kennels have a deep and informative base, so it is desirable to acquire a hunting dog in them. As a simple pet, you can easily get a “pet-class” puppy, the cost of which is as affordable as possible.
What to look for
Disadvantages, indicating the presence of a puppy of the breed Russian Peagay hound breeding marriage, can be represented by the bulldog's jaw and the wrong bite, as well as the wrong color of the eyes and nose.
The size of a puppy when choosing a less important than its activity and proportionality of addition. The puppy chosen must be agile and cheerful, moderately full and necessarily clean. It is very important to examine the animal and make sure there is no umbilical hernia. A puppy should have a scissor bite and healthy teeth.
Price of Russian Hound puppy
You can buy a half-month puppy of the Russian Pinto Hound breed from private breeders for $ 100 or more.. Hounds, having a good pedigree, are much higher, so the price of such a puppy can start from $ 500. The responsible breeder not only implements the vaccinated puppy with all the necessary documentation, but is also able, if necessary, to give comprehensive advice on the maintenance and upbringing of the hound.
In the opinion of the owners of the Russian piebald hound, such a dog is calm and balanced, and is also capable of not only weighing, but also think in cold blood about all its actions. The breed is very friendly and does not differ in excessive aggression, therefore it is not used as a guard dog.
It is interesting! Despite the unpretentiousness in terms of behavior, the suburban home ownership is considered to be the best place to keep the Russian pinto hound.
Dogs of this breed very much need sufficient and regular movement, as well as intensive and well-calculated physical loads, which will require not too limited space.