High temperature and sufficient moisture are required for rearing chicks. Take into account when choosing an incubator and the mechanism of turning eggs. The hen, while incubating itself, regularly turns over all the eggs so that they warm up evenly. According to the rotation principle, there are automatic, mechanical and manual incubators for chicken eggs.
Manual incubators require human participation. It is difficult to turn the eggs yourself if there are a lot of them, but this is not so problematic for domestic incubators. But this will have to be done several times a day, which is not very convenient.
Mechanical turnover eliminates the need to rotate each egg. With the help of the mechanism changes the position of the whole tray. But to control the turnover, temperature, humidity of the eggs have to independently.
Incubators household automatic completely release the owner from the obligation to monitor the condition of the eggs. Automation also controls temperature and humidity.
Number of eggs
Industrial incubators hold several hundred or even a thousand eggs. But for a home business, an incubator with 50-70 eggs is enough. They are compact enough to fit in an apartment. Remember that manufacturers put the number with an orientation on chicken eggs. Goose or quail eggs require another space. Therefore, you will need to change their number in the incubator and it is possible to use trays.
After a period of incubation, the hatched chickens leave a lot of the smallest down and shells of eggs. All this dirt clogs the ventilation holes, hard-to-reach places of the incubator. The camera must be cleaned and sterilized, so make sure that it is easy to do. Now all manufacturers are planning incubators so that cleaning the camera is not difficult.
Choice of automatic incubator
The egg incubator automatically turns eggs 2-4 times a day. The number of revolutions per day can be adjusted, as well as temperature and humidity. Management in incubators is usually intuitive, uncomplicated. They must be placed in warm conditions, otherwise there will be errors in temperature measurement. All home incubators are made on the basis that they will be stored at room temperature and humidity.
Also inevitable errors in the work of automation with partial filling of the tray. If there are few eggs, place oval-shaped pieces of foam into the empty cells in the tray. Some incubators are made of foam. The material is porous and passes air well, but at the same time it is quickly polluted, it becomes a breeding ground for pathogens. Such incubators need regular disinfection.
Incubators for chicken eggs are automatically divided by the method of turning. The first method is rolling when the grid is moving. The second is the lattice tilt at 45 ° C. The third method is to rotate the rollers under the egg. There are no particular advantages for each method.
Since they do everything themselves and are completely dependent on automation, it is preferable to buy incubators with an emergency power source.
The price of incubators with automatic turning of eggs starts from 3000-4000 rubles. Such products are reliable, have built-in batteries (but not all). There are more expensive models - for 7000-12000 rubles. These incubators can hold more eggs or have various upgrades. For example, aeroionizator or bioacoustic stimulator.
To make an automatic incubator with your own hands, you need a special tray with an automated turn of eggs. Of course, you can do without it, but then you have to turn the eggs manually. Since this should be done 3-4 times a day, the problem is obvious. Therefore, homemade automatic incubators are more common. But homemade gadgets with manual egg turning are also popular.
For a homemade incubator requires:
- incubator chamber,
- 25 watt incandescent bulbs,
This is a device for controlling temperature and humidity. The owner adjusts the thermostat to the indicators necessary for the eggs, and the device beeps when it is broken.
Please note that the temperature in the incubator should be calibrated with high accuracy to +/- 0.5 ° C, which can not give homemade thermostats.
Ordinary thermometer is also not able to do this, since more control over humidity is required. At the same time, the cost of the simplest hygrometer with a remote display will be only 600 rubles, and its accuracy will meet the highest requirements. There are more expensive thermostats with many additional functions.
The camera itself can be made from improvised means: a cardboard box, a TV, a refrigerator. With any device, the same requirements are met:
- holes are made at the top and bottom of the structure so that there is a flow of fresh air,
- a deep bowl of water is placed on the bottom of the chamber, the evaporating liquid gives the desired humidity,
- trays i eggs can be arranged in several rows
- for heating the air, lamps of at least 25 watts are used,
- wiring to them passes through separate side holes,
- the minimum distance between the lamps and the eggs is 15 cm, but better around 25 cm,
- the door is made a small 40x40 cm so that when opening, the temperature and humidity do not change,
- the trays are made of metal mesh, so that a pair of moisture and air freely circulate around the eggs,
- all slots are carefully processed with sealant.
Incubator from the refrigerator
Let us examine a specific example of creating an incubator with your own hands. The camera will be the old fridge. The material is ideal, hermetic, capacious, convenient to clean after removing the chicks. In addition, the set includes ideal grills for trays. They will need to make only the sides. Of course, it is desirable to equip the incubator trays with automatic turning eggs.
Freezer dismantle, it is not needed. In the refrigerator door we make a window for observation. Close it with durable glass, and remove the gap sealant. At the top and bottom we make two holes with a diameter of 3 centimeters, this is for ventilation of the chamber. At the bottom set the thermostat and a bowl of water.
Since the refrigerator is a vertical structure, air can circulate without the aid of a fan. But it is better to put it. Below is a few more holes for wiring incandescent bulbs. Take 4 lamps with a capacity of 100 watts each, since a sufficiently large camera will warm up. It is advisable to install them below so that the cold air warms up immediately at the entrance.
The price of incubators for eggs in the shops of St. Petersburg
On the website, you can choose incubators for eggs by characteristics, see detailed photos, read reviews and compare prices in online stores of St. Petersburg. It is easy to buy incubators for eggs inexpensively (including on credit)! You just need to go to your favorite offer, read the terms of payment and leave a request for delivery in St. Petersburg.
How to choose a household incubator
The choice of an incubator, first of all, depends on the goals and objectives that the farmer-poultry breeder (owner of private household farms) sets himself. Modern incubators can be divided into three main types:
- Household incubators for household. These are low-end models designed for a small capacity in the amount of from 10 to 240 eggs. They can be either manual (with mechanical overturn) or automatic.
- Farm incubators. These are more productive models with much bigger capacity: from 380 to 2400 eggs. Such devices are produced only in the automatic version of the turning of eggs, can independently maintain the temperature and humidity.
- Industrial incubators are already whole systems capable of holding tens of thousands of eggs in one cycle. Only large poultry farms purchase such models.
If you are reading this article, then most likely you are interested in the first category of incubators, those that are suitable for personal subsidiary farming. You do not have a goal to do business on your farm. You only need to maintain the required number of poultry, not constantly spending on the purchase of young stock from third parties.
What you should pay attention to when choosing a domestic incubator:
- Swivel mechanism. According to this indicator, incubators are divided into manual (mechanical) and automatic. Manual - the cheapest models. A simple manual incubator can be purchased for a couple of thousand rubles. But its main drawback is control. It is necessary to literally constantly be at home while the bird is being withdrawn. The automatic version significantly frees the hands of the poultry farmer, but such incubators are much more expensive (from 4000 p.).
- Incubator capacity. Everything is clear here. You should not spend on the purchase of the device with a capacity of 240 or more eggs, if you plan to display only 50 - 100 eggs. As well as vice versa.
- Does the incubator have the ability to operate from a 12V battery? The function will be useful to residents of remote rural areas, where electricity supply problems traditionally exist (this problem, in principle, can be everywhere). In order not to lose the brood in the event of a power outage, the incubator can be connected to the battery and extend its operation for several days. Most models automatically go to work from the battery and return to the 220V network in the event of a voltage on the network.
- Digital or analog thermostat. Most modern budget incubators manufactured in Russia are equipped with analog thermostats. Analog thermostat can perform only one function - to maintain the user-defined temperature of the heating elements. While the digital thermostat can automatically adjust the temperature, it measures the humidity and flips eggs at a predetermined time interval. Naturally, the digital thermostat will increase the level of hatchability of the livestock and greatly facilitate the monitoring of the operation of the device. But for the "pleasure" will have to pay.
And so, we turn to the review of the best domestic incubators of domestic and foreign production. It is worth saying that the review included mostly popular incubator models (to the detriment of performance and functionality), most of which are produced in Russia. This is done for reasons of accessibility, since not all users are ready to pay tens of thousands of rubles for foreign “featured” devices.
The best low-cost domestic incubators
Incubators, which are produced in our country, are distinguished by low price and availability on the shelves of stores. As a rule, they are easier to repair, you can always find suitable parts. They always have detailed instructions and operating manuals in Russian. However, unlike foreign Icubators, ours are less productive and functional.
3 Perfect hen
Another popular Russian-made household incubator. Manufacturer - Bagan LLC, Novosibirsk. The high demand for this model is due to its affordable price and good-quality functionality. Incubator "Ideal hen" is available in versions for 35, 63, 90 and 104 eggs. As in the Cinderella incubator, the possibility of battery operation is realized here. The case of the incubator is made of foam, which greatly facilitates the weight of the device. Of the obvious advantages can be identified modern heating elements (RENy) with high heat dissipation and unlimited resource, as well as low power consumption (maximum 90 W).
Advantages: price, simple design, maintainability, compactness, performance.
Disadvantages: problems with temperature variation (up to 3 degrees in the center and along the edges), problems with the turning mechanism, incorrect temperature sensor indicators, camera material - foam plastic (favorable environment for bacteria).
“Cinderella” is a very popular household incubator, the production of which is established in Novosibirsk. This device received a wide circulation, first of all at the expense of the low price. New incubator can be purchased in just 4 - 5 thousand rubles.
A feature of Cinderella is that the heating element of the device can work not only from the 220V network, but also from the energy of hot water.
In an incubator, an automatic egg reversal was carried out very well, which occurs 10 times a day. Capacity is 70 chicken and 40 goose eggs. If a flip mechanism is removed from the incubator, then the machine will interfere with 100 chicken eggs, but the coup process will have to be done manually.
The design of the Cinderella compared to foreign incubators is far from ideal. After the purchase, there may be problems, such as the wire is broken at the grid or the thermostat has failed. And this is normal, because for such a price, the best option is simply not to find. Moreover, any information on the proper use of this incubator and its modifications can be found on specialized forums.
1 Incubator of Paced BLITZ-48
One of the best-selling models on the market for domestic incubators. The Blitz is a very successful model with an automatic turning mechanism, which quickly gained the trust of the owners of private farms.
The accuracy of maintaining the temperature in this incubator is 0.1 ° C (not every modern incubator can boast of such indicators). The inner lining is made of galvanized steel, the wall thickness is 40 mm. Humidity can be adjusted by a damper in the range of 40 - 80 percent.
The device is all done so as to simplify the process of brood poultry as much as possible and increase the reliability of the system. For example, if electricity is lost in the network, the device automatically switches to backup power from the battery without additional settings for temperature, humidity and the rotation mechanism. In this state, the incubator can work more than a day. As soon as the mains voltage appears, the process of switching from the battery to 220 Volt occurs again automatically.
Incubator "Poseda BLITZ" is a worthy answer to foreign analogues.
There is an option with a capacity of 72 eggs. Also, the Blitz incubator comes in a version with digital electronics. The program of the device is set by electronics and all the necessary information is displayed on a bright display.
The best foreign incubators
Incubators of foreign production (in particular, South Korea, Italy, England) are distinguished, above all, by more solid functionality and reliability in operation. They rarely have problems typical for Russian models, such as “I bought an incubator and, at the very first bookmark, a thermal sensor failed” (if one does not take into account the Chinese options). Foreign incubators work like a clock, all functions are performed automatically. And most importantly - they do not need to be refined after purchase, what have to be done with domestic devices. There is a true one big BUT - the price, which is 3 - 4 times higher than the cost of Russian incubators.
3 Brinsea Octagon 20 Advance
A lot of good reviews can be found about the British Incubator Brinsea Octagon 20. In terms of stability, temperature and humidity retention is one of the leaders among household and farming incubators.
The case is made of high-quality, high-strength plastic impregnated with Biomaster additive to protect against the formation of bacteria and microbes (note to domestic manufacturers). The incubator is equipped with an alarm system - as soon as a decrease or increase in temperature occurs, the signal will be triggered. A separate tray allows you to interfere with an egg of any size (both goose and quail). The device has only one obvious disadvantage - the price. For an incubator with a capacity of only 20 chicken eggs will have to pay at least $ 315.
2 Novital Covatutto 54
Enough quality device of Italian origin. It has all the necessary functions for a comfortable hatching of young birds: automatic temperature and ventilation adjustment, a removable control unit for convenient washing of the incubator chamber, a large window for monitoring. The water tank is made so that the humidity in the incubator chamber is always maintained at the same level of 45 - 55%.
Novital Covatutto interferes with 140 quail, 54 chicken, 60 pheasant, 40 duck and 15 goose eggs. The percentage of withdrawal is 80 - 90%.
1 R-com King SURO20
Owners of private farmer flatteringly speak about the Korean incubator R-com King SURO20. And not just like that. This is a really successful model in which two important indicators are implemented - automation and reliability. Koreans are doing well in everything related to electronics and they managed to make a good incubator with artificial intelligence technology.
Video review of R-com King SURO20
Users note the very convenient operation of the R-com King SURO20 incubator. Unlike most domestic models, you can really lay eggs and forget about them. Не нужно постоянно следить за переворотом яиц, влажностью, контролировать расколупываемость и пр. Данный прибор может стать отличным помощником в разведении домашней птицы.
Инкубатор вмешает 24 куриных, 60 перепелиных и 12 гусиных яиц.
Что интересного есть в данном корейском аппарате:
- Memory function and power outage alerts
- Four air vents to minimize the effect on the thermal insulator
- Automatic wetting function
- Adjustable air flow for incubator air control
- The bottom of the pallet is made grooved to protect the chicks from deformation of the legs.
Only one thing confuses - the price, which exceeds 20 000 r. For this money, for comparison, you can buy 2 - 3 domestic incubators with a total capacity of 100 - 150 eggs. In other matters, it’s up to you to choose the quality or quantity.
3 Incubator TGB-70 A "BIO"
Incubator designed specifically for breeding waterfowl. This was made possible thanks to the inflated tray where the goose eggs are placed in a strictly upright position (the original tab). After the rejection in the tray becomes a little freer (as a rule, on average, up to 10-15% of eggs are rejected), after which the remaining eggs can be expanded under an angle or horizontally.
Bookmark in the TGB-70 A "BIO" is made straight into the body of the incubator due to the possibility of tilting the tray. It is impossible to call such a method convenient - it is much easier to put eggs in a sliding tray. Autoturn in the process of incubation is carried out using a remote reversible winch. In general, the model does not really hit the price level, but it is a very good incubator.
- specializes in breeding water birds,
- not expensive
- good thermal insulation design.
- uncomfortable bookmarking,
- uneven temperature distribution in the chamber.
To minimize the loss of chicks at different stages of development, it is advisable to use the Nest-200Elite incubator model. This is a fully automated incubation and hatching system that does not require periodic monitoring. The workmanship of the housing and the fail-safe electronics system will allow precise control of all aspects of proper masonry care.
The incubator has the ability to connect two power sources - main and backup. Certainly strong in performance, Nest-200Elite still has one very significant drawback: if any component is damaged, repair and maintenance of the “box” will be very expensive.
- high quality steel casing
- a properly working thermometer showing the true temperature inside the incubator,
- single brood statistics from one tab is 95-100%,
- the ability to "hook" a backup power source.
- high face value
- Replacement and repair of imported components is expensive.
Benefits of an incubator
Some people still underestimate the benefits of incubators, preferring to trust chickens to chickens rather than technology. Of course, there are certain advantages here - the chicken will take care of the chickens not only until the moment they are hatched, but later.
But the incubator, even the smallest, can easily hold 30 eggs, and some, and much more. Chicken will be able to hatch a maximum of 20-22 eggs. To cope with a large number do not allow its dimensions.
In addition, using an automatic incubator, you can be sure that a sudden noise will not frighten him, which will stop him from hatching, causing the eggs to be hopelessly spoiled.
Finally, during the period when the hen hatch eggs, and also takes care of the chickens, it ceases to lay eggs. Given that modern breeds with good care carry about 27-30 eggs per month, it turns out that at least a hundred eggs are lost. Therefore, it is not surprising that today automatic incubators for chicken eggs are very popular.
Conditions for breeding chicks
Chicken hatching with the help of a chicken or an incubator invariably takes 21 days. During this time, it is necessary to provide them with certain conditions - if any of them are violated, the percentage of chickens that have passed out will be significantly reduced or everyone will die. In addition, the proximity of conditions to natural allows you to improve the health of chicks, to increase their immunity and, consequently, the survival rate in the following days and weeks.
The most important indicator is temperature. During the entire incubation period, it should be 38 degrees - the maximum deviation is half a degree. If this parameter is violated, the chicks are doomed to death. Also do not forget about humidity.
In many modern incubators, to simplify the design and reduce the cost, incandescent lamps are used as heaters. They directly heat the volume of the incubator. Lamps perfectly cope with their task, consuming a minimum of electricity and providing the desired temperature. However, they are very dry air. Therefore, it is necessary to moisten it artificially, otherwise the eggs may die. We will write about the ways of moistening below.
Finally, the eggs must constantly roll over. Otherwise, heating is uneven, and chickens are born sick. In nature, the chicken does it on its own. In cheap models (especially small ones, for 30-40 eggs), the owner usually has to manually turn the eggs. But if the incubator holds several hundred eggs, then this procedure will take too much time. Therefore, it is automatic incubators that are most in demand today. Let's tell about them in more detail.
Their main features
An important advantage, which can boast automatic chicken incubator, is the equipment with all the necessary sensors for complete control. He monitors all of the above parameters, adjusting them to the optimal ones, if necessary.
For example, if the temperature drops to a critical point, it increases heat, leveling it. Some models also monitor the humidity, evaporating the right amount of water to maintain optimal, and also give a beep if the water in the tanks runs out.
Finally, an incubator with an automatic egg flip gives the user maximum freedom - it is possible not to approach the device for whole days, not to make sure that all the eggs are turned upside down, warmed evenly. The automatic incubator takes care of all this on its own. How? Tell and about this.
Thermal regulation methods
Regardless of whether the eggs heat up directly from the lamp or whether the water that circulates inside the incubator is first heated, it is necessary to monitor the temperature. Here one of two ways can be involved: a thermostat with a relay or a pid-regulator. The former have a lower cost, but the latter are more reliable, since when working with them, the heating element (light bulb) has to be changed less often. In addition, when using them, you can be sure that the lamp will not accidentally fail, reducing the temperature in the incubator below the critical point. How do they work?
With a temperature relay, it's simple. When the temperature rises to the upper limit of the comfort zone, it simply turns off the lamp. When the temperature drops, the lamp turns on again. Simple and convenient, but experienced users know that the lamps burn out exactly at the moment of switching on.
This problem is solved by the PID controller. It does not turn the lamp on and off, but simply increases or decreases its power. By applying less voltage, the regulator reduces lamp power. For example, 60-watt will work with a power of only 10-15 watts. This not only increases its resource, but also reduces the number of sharp drops.
Maintain optimum moisture
Only some expensive automatic digital incubators are equipped with humidity sensors. It is enough to pour water into special containers and the device will independently maintain the necessary humidity. When the water in the tanks ends, a beep sounds - it's time to fill them again. It is advisable to use distilled water - the usual will leave behind the deposits of salt, which over time can bring the incubator down.
Cheaper models do not have this feature. The user simply puts several cups of water between the eggs, hoping that now the humidity will be within normal limits.
How the eggs roll
Expensive automatic incubators do a coup in different ways. Therefore, they are usually divided on this basis into three groups.
In some eggs rotate. Rows, where they fit, are equipped with rollers, which simply gently rotate each egg. Most efficiently, but quite expensive, since the device is very complicated.
In other incubators, rolling is used. The grid on which the eggs are laid changes position, causing the eggs to roll. This device is cheaper and at the same time quite effective.
Finally, the easiest method is tilt. Trays with laid eggs just lean in one direction, then in the other to about 45 degrees. The simplest and therefore cheap solution. But as a result of this, not all eggs turn over. The user should make a mark on them and sometimes look in, checking whether all the eggs get warm evenly.
What is the optimal volume
If you are interested in an automatic incubator, in Moscow, and in any other large city there is an opportunity to purchase a model of any size. For example, amateur can have a capacity of from 30-40 pieces to 300-500. These units are designed for summer residents or small private entrepreneurs. They take quite a bit of space, have pretty good functionality and are not too expensive. Some are universal - you can lay in them from quail eggs to goose.
Thousands of eggs are laid in the industrial at once, but their dimensions are appropriate. Such units will not fit in every room. Of course, all actions are performed fully automatically. It is enough for the user to lay eggs, and after three weeks to pick up the chickens.
What volume is optimal for you - decide for yourself, it depends on how many chickens you can grow or sell.
Today, not all incubators are safe. To reduce the cost, many manufacturers make them out of conventional foam and equip cheap relays. Therein lies a grave danger. The relay may well fail, which is why the temperature will rise rapidly.
And cheap plastic is not only a highly flammable material, but also emits acrid toxic smoke when burning, which poses a considerable danger to others. That is why the choice of a suitable model should be approached very carefully, taking into account not only the conditions of use in normal conditions, but also extreme ones.
Many are interested in how much automatic incubators cost. In each region prices may be different. In Moscow, such devices can be purchased at prices ranging from 4,000 to 38,000 rubles. Of course, cheaper incubators are designed for a smaller number of eggs (from 12 to 48 pieces). In addition, in shops you can purchase various related products necessary for breeding chickens in the incubator. Among them are ovoskop, brooder, hygrometer.
Incubators of the automatic machine are subdivided into two main groups:
- household (intended for small farms),
- industrial (used in large farms and poultry farms).
There are also mini-incubators designed for only 5 to 10 eggs. By capacity, incubators are divided into:
- small (up to 45 pieces, used in small farms),
- average capacity (up to 63),
- big (used for simultaneous cultivation of 90 pieces and more).
You may also be interested in information about what breeds of egg chickens exist.
On the video - how the incubator works and works:
To obtain a good stock of poultry used professional units.
Growing chicks of each bird species has its own characteristics. First of all, this is the time of maturation of eggs.
Automatic egg turn incubators have the following advantages:
- cultivation requires a minimum intervention of the poultry farmer,
- it is possible to set the time interval through which the rollover is performed,
- easy to manage.
A significant drawback is the possibility of operating only in a warm room. At low temperatures, the accuracy of temperature measurement decreases.
Incubator device includes:
- box (made of metal, impact-resistant plastic, foam or plywood),
- cover that
- egg trays
- coup mechanism
- embryo life support system.
An important parameter is the principle of egg reversal. Depending on the model of the unit, it is carried out:
- rolling method (the movement of the lattice leads to turning over)
- rotating trays (trays are equipped with rollers, with the help of which the laying is turned over),
- slope (trays incline at 45◦, carrying out a coup).
But what kind of chickens are carrying blue eggs and how to start them, you can read here.
Life support system includes:
- moisture control
- baths for water
Most automatic units have an outside electronic display. All vital signs are displayed on it.
By type of electric power source, all units are divided into 2 groups:
- designed for power 220 V (works only from the electrical network),
- apply not only the voltage of 220 V, but 12 W (creates the possibility of using the battery as a backup power source).
If there is a risk of frequent voltage fluctuations in the mains, the second option would be appropriate. This is a guarantee that the embryos will not be lost.
For the device to work properly, trays must be loaded completely. If several sockets in the mesh tray are empty, it is recommended to put polystyrene pieces there.
Also, you will be interested in information on how to plant a chicken to hatch eggs forcibly.
For chicken eggs
The duration of the incubation period for chicken eggs is 21 days. For small farms, mini-incubators are used, for example, the Kvochka Mi 30 model. Most of these units are made of impact-resistant plastic or foam. They are equipped with functional viewing windows.
Household incubators of such models are also used:
For large farms, industrial incubators are used, with a capacity of up to 2,000 eggs. This stationary metal structures, immediately installed on a permanent place. There are models with additional features such as biostimulant, battery for autonomous work and aeroionizator.
The incubation conditions of the chickens are similar to those of the goose; a common incubator may be used for this.
But what happens to the nest for laying hens with egg collectors and what the drawing looks like, you can see here.
When growing quails, it is not allowed to use incubators designed for chicken, goose or turkey. Birds do not have a brooding instinct, numerous healthy offspring can be obtained in an incubator.
Professional aggregates of various capacities are used for growing Japanese quails. Models of the type Perepelochka 270, Blitz 48 or Blitz Norma are used.
Household incubators allow maturation from 270 eggs at a time.
Advantages of professional incubators:
- multifunctionality (universal trays are suitable for birds of other breeds),
- low weight (facilitates transportation),
- the percentage of hatching from 90%
- ease of care.
Main technical characteristics:
- supply voltage - 220 V,
- temperature condition - up to 40 С (optimal temperature for quail eggs is 37.3-38.3 С,
- power consumption - from 30 to 100 watts.
All professional units have approximately the same internal device. For successful rearing of chicks, the following parameters are important:
- temperature (in the room it should not be higher than 20 ° C,
- air humidity,
- airing frequency
- frequency of flip trays.
But what is the egg production of hen pomfret and how effective this breed is, it is described in detail here.
On the video - automatic incubator for quail eggs:
The package of professional units also includes a digital thermostat. It allows you to automatically maintain the optimum temperature mode.
For successful cultivation of goslings (for example, geese of Linda breed) in an incubator, turning eggs is carried out 12 to 15 times a day. The optimal use of the unit with the function of automatic coup.
Capacity of the device:
- household - up to 100 eggs,
- professional - from 200 and above.
Professional devices have such functions:
- 2 viewing windows,
- heated lids
- double insulation (expanded polystyrene and foam),
- stainless steel trellis trays,
- cover insulation
- additional lighting on the cover,
- timer for accurate egg flipping.
And this is why this information will help the chickens to lay eggs without the shell and what can be done with such a problem.
In the video - this is how the automatic incubator for goose eggs works:
Optimal conditions for growing goose embryos:
- ripening period - up to 33 days:
- temperature inside - from 37 to 38 C,
- in the first 7 days of the need for increased warming up,
- enhanced ventilation (due to large egg size).
Laying eggs in trays exclusively horizontal. Auto flip is carried out exclusively by rolling.
Профессиональные инкубаторы такого типа применяются также для куриных яиц.
Возможно вас также сможет заинтересовать информация о том, почему куры едят свои яйца и что можно сделать с такой проблемой.
The cost of professional incubators with the function of automatic flip trays depends on such conditions:
- availability of additional features.
Approximate cost of automatic incubators:
- for chicken eggs - from 3,000 thousand rubles (for industrial from 40,000 thousand),
- for goose - from 10 000 rubles,
- for quail - about 9,000 rubles.
The performance of the professional unit allows you to quickly recoup the cost of its acquisition.
How to do it yourself
The simplest incubator with the function of automatic turning is made independently. At the preparatory stage, you need to decide on such parameters:
- principle of trays turning,
- heating source.
On the video - how to make an automatic incubator:
The mini-incubator is most simply constructed from foam plastic, a plywood box or a non-working refrigerator.
For a homemade incubator, the automatic reversal of the trays is performed by a mechanical relay. It is connected with a rotary knob and a timer.
But how to feed the chickens to carry eggs in large quantities, will help to understand this video.
There are models of incubators designed for chicken, goose and quail. They are divided by size, type of food and the way they turn eggs. Also, for each type of eggs (for example, eggs of the Legbar and Black Moscow breed of chickens) trays will have their own nest size. When choosing an incubator, it is important to pay attention to the housing material. This is important to ensure sufficient thermal insulation and ease of transportation. We also recommend that you read our article that tells you how the chicken bears eggs.
1 Incubator TGB-210 VLRA "BIO"
This incubator occupies an intermediate position between spacious household and compact farming models, so it can easily be used in small farms.
The reduction of the incubation period in them is achieved by a special sound stimulator that simulates high-frequency clicks. The embryos adjust their own rhythms to the detected vibrations, which is the effect of reducing the development time. Moreover, the camera is equipped with a Chizhevsky chandelier, which increases the number of anions, allowing embryos to grow faster and significantly reduce the number of "snuffers". The design of the incubator is such that the flexible built-in heater is evenly distributed inside the walls of the housing, due to which an almost uniform temperature is created.
- real acceleration of the incubation process (confirmed by users),
- the presence of a sound stimulator and an ionizing lamp,
- 210 eggs capacity
- uniform temperature throughout the volume.
Top Chinese Incubators
In terms of price, Chinese-made incubators are closely matched to domestic models. They are characterized by a good appearance and good quality parameters of climate control. However, for a low price there are significant shortcomings: cheap, low-quality materials often go into production (for example, a plastic case with foam insulation), and electronics tend to fail periodically and fail. That is why it is recommended to pay more attention to such incubators.
1 WQ 48 Incubator
One of the most worthy representatives among Chinese-made incubators, the WQ 48 model, is an unpretentious and extremely easy-to-use assistant in the process of brood chicks. The tray is designed to accommodate 48 standard eggs, but as an alternative you can place a special tray under quail eggs with a large number of cells. The system of turning the trays is triggered every two hours - the bookmark turns over like a swing, 45 degrees.
Despite the positive characteristics, to call it a reference will not work. The fact is that the incubator casing is made of plastic with foam insulation - it is a double blow to the healthy microclimate inside the incubation zone. The electronics works quite accurately, but sometimes it fails and may well “fade” with the temperature regime.
- good work of the tray rotation system,
- nice appearance
- maintaining the set parameters at the proper level,
- additional heat insulation.
- plastic case
- malfunctioning electronics.