For a long time, the Pharaoh's dog was considered an ancient breed that originated in the territory of Ancient Egypt. Despite the surprising similarities with Anubis himself, the theory was refuted after analyzing the DNA of Pharaohs and Egyptian Aborigines. The test proved that animals similar in exterior are not genetically linked.
The dog belongs to the primitive breeds of Malta, excluding human intervention and formed by natural selection.
Pharaoh managed to cross the borders of his homeland only in the 20s of the 20th century, but only 55 years later he received official recognition.
According to the standards set by FCI, the dog has:
- large erect ears
- wedge-shaped head in a long and dry snout,
- small amber eyes
- big nose with a red or flesh tone,
- powerful jaws
- flexible body with a stately posture, chiseled silhouette, bulging ribs,
- thick at the base and tapering at the tip of the tail.
Coat, tight to the body, short and shiny has a deer, characterized by saturation and brightness.
White blotches located in the chest, forehead, fingers and nose bridge are permissible.
Maximum growth and weight are 64cm and 27kg, and life expectancy can reach 15 years.
Rules of maintenance and care
The pet is notable for its cleanliness, the absence of a specific smell and a weak molt.
For the health of the four-legged friend is important:
- Maintain physical activity. The animal has been used for hunting for centuries, so it is important for it to release its energy. The ideal option would be the content in a country house with a fenced area. Insufficient loads are fraught with restless behavior, expressed by constant barking.
- Monitor the state of wool. After walking, wipe the coat with a damp cloth or purchase a special glove. By washing, resort only when seriously necessary.
- Do not allow hypothermia. The breed is adapted to the hot climate, but vulnerable to frost and damp. In the cold season, be sure to wear overalls.
Small puppies switching to normal food are fed 6 times a day, gradually reducing the number to 2.
Adult animals are fed with super-premium quality dry food or holistic classes, or with natural food, including:
- dairy products,
- vitamins and minerals approved by a veterinarian.
The basis of the diet in puppies - porridge, rich in carbohydrates, and dairy products, rich in calcium. With age, preference is given to proteins.
Pharaohs get along well with children and other quadrupeds if they live with them from puppyhood.
Good-natured applies only to their furry household and does not concern everyone else. Never take on animals that are unfamiliar to the dog, unless you want to witness the tragedy.
The characteristic features of the breed include:
- Independence and stubbornness. The animal must prove its primacy in the house in order to avoid demonstrative disobedience.
- Attachment. The pet has a gentle temperament and is equally loyal to all family members.
- High intelligence. Pharaoh quickly grabs teams, but the propensity for independent decision making complicates the process. If the pet does not see the point in action, it will not commit it.
- Watchdog instinct. Pharaohs do not trust strangers and, if properly trained, can be good defenders.
- Sensitivity. Conflict situations that occur in the family circle are taken by the pet to heart.
Notable pharaohs and a special manifestation of emotion. Rejoicing, they wrinkle the nose and stretch their lips, taking the form of a human smile. If the animal is ashamed, then it will tell about the reddened ears, nose and eye contour.
Pharaohs need early socialization, including meeting people and other animals. This reduces possible aggression and facilitates subsequent interaction.
In teaching it is important:
- eliminate violence
- repel from affection and rewards
- observe the regularity of classes.
The strong immunity of the pharaohs allows you to be active even in old age. Despite this, there are a number of breed diseases, including:
- dislocations of the patella,
- allergic reactions to chemicals.
In order to avoid problems, do not forget about preventive examinations, treatment against parasites and vaccination.
When buying detergent, choose only hypoallergenic products and be sure to keep all household products away from your pet.
How much is a puppy
The average cost of a puppy varies from 90 to 100 thousand rubles, and prices for a representative of the show class can reach 200 thousand rubles.
Purchase a pet on the territory of the Russian Federation will not work. For the dog will have to go to the States, Sweden or Finland. When buying puppies from hands, there is a high risk of cheating and buying a half-breed or a usual mongrel, so it is better to save money for a ticket and buy a dog in a verified place.
Due to limited supply and high demand, one has to stand in a queue, so buying after the fact is a great deal of luck and an exception to the rules.
Make sure that the representatives of the nursery handed over all the necessary documents confirming the breed and the presence of vaccinations.
Buy a pet on the territory of the Russian Federation will not work
Private breeding is complicated by the difficulty of mating partners. The costs incurred do not always pay off, so such an activity does not flourish.
In conclusion, I note that the Pharaoh's dog is a wonderful pet for people with their own home.
The pet will fit well into a large family with children and pets, but will require some feedback at the training stage. Suitable dog and beginners who have the opportunity at any moment to seek help from a dog handler.
Pharaoh Hound is perhaps the most ancient breed. It originated in Egypt and is often mentioned in ancient Egyptian literature and art.
An artifact was found about 4000 BC, on which are depicted two pharaoh-shaped dogs that hunt gazelles. A dog resembling Pharaoh is often depicted as a companion of kings (pharaohs) and nobility in ancient Egyptian art. The letter, dated to the nineteenth (XIX) Egyptian dynasty, mentions a red dog with a long tail, whose face shines like God, which, no doubt, indicates the breed's ability to blush.
From Egypt, Pharaoh's dog was brought to Malta by Phoenician traders. There she got the name "rabbit dog". After the chase, local hunters used it to catch rabbits and other animals. The breed flourished and subsequently became the official dog of Malta.
The "Pharaohs" remained unknown in the west until 1930, when they were first brought to England. In the USA, the first pharaoh dogs appeared in 1967 and in 1984 were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club. Today, the pharaohs are still a rare breed, but they can be found all over the world, wherever people value their unique appearance and character.
Pharaoh dogs have an athletic build, they are relatively flexible and powerful. Their height and weight ranges from 55 to 63 cm, and from 18 to 27 kg, respectively, males are somewhat larger and taller.
The character of Pharaoh's dogs
Pharaoh dogs love familiar people and really love to entertain them. On the other hand, they may be suspicious of strangers. These dogs love to do everything “in their own way,” but they are intelligent and always willing to please, which makes their training relatively easy.
Pharaohs can be quite sensitive. They take over the feelings of people, and strong home drama can be very stressful for them and cause stress. It is especially important to introduce these dogs in puppyhood with a large number of new people and situations, otherwise they may grow too timid.
Write your Pharaoh in the dog class so that he can develop his social skills. Regularly introduce him to new guests, as well as take him to the lively parks and shops, which allow you to go with the dogs.
Pharaoh dogs have good health, but, as a breed, they are prone to certain diseases and disorders. Not all pharaohs suffer from these diseases, but they may be vulnerable to them:
Anesthetic Sensitivity: Pharaohs are not as sensitive to anesthesia as other greyhounds, but it is important to be aware of the potential risk. It is important to take into account the weight of the dog. Because of the small amount of fat, greyhounds can be sensitive to anesthetics, and a dose that will be normal for another dog of the same weight can harm or even kill a greyhound.
Allergy: a common problem of many dogs. Allergies in pharaoh dogs are often accompanied by ear infections.
Pharaoh dogs are also prone to hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease.
Care and maintenance of pharaoh dogs
With their calm nature, Pharaoh dogs can live in any apartment, but they can bark, which will annoy their close neighbors.
If you leave her in the yard, then you need a fairly high fence, preferably solid, otherwise she will be able to see the cats outside. The electric fence will not be able to stop this breed, since it will not be stopped anymore if it decides to pursue anyone.
Because of the thin wool and lack of fat, Pharaoh dogs do not tolerate cold or wet weather, so they will need a jumpsuit or jacket. If you want a balanced and calm dog, then Pharaoh will need at least half an hour of physical activity per day. This dog will be able to successfully pass many competitions for dogs, as well as fall in love with a family jogging or cycling.
However, you must make sure that the pharaoh is sitting on a leash when he is on the street. If he sees something small, fluffy and moving, then his hunting instinct will work with a 100% guarantee. On the other hand, when he is distracted from the chase, his intellect and desire to please will help you train him.
In teaching a pharaoh dog, bearing in mind its sensitivity, it is advisable to avoid harsh and repetitive teaching methods, and it is better to use interesting and pleasant techniques. Training sessions should be short and end with praise.
Recommended diet: from 1.5 to 2 bowls of high-quality dry food per day, two meals a day.
Note: the required amount of food may vary from dog to dog and depends on its size, age, structure and level of activity. All dogs are individual, like humans, and need different amounts of food. Of course, a very active dog needs more food than the one that likes to lie on the sofa.
Be careful not to overfeed the dog. Greyhounds have a small thickness, and many owners do not notice this. Some pharaohs also suffer from food allergies, so a veterinarian may recommend a special diet for them.
Keep the pharaoh dog in good shape and feed her twice a day. If you think she is overweight, check it out with a simple test.
First, look at her, you should completely see her waist. Then put your hands on her back, thumbs along the spine, and the rest to the stomach. You must feel the ribs without effort. If you cannot feel the ribs, then the dog needs less feed and more activity.
Children and other animals
Pharaoh dogs are very affectionate with children. However, as with other breeds, you must teach the children how to approach and touch the dog. Always monitor any interaction between the dog and small children to prevent ears, tail, and other undesirable actions from being squeezed.
Teach your child not to approach any dog while she is eating or sleeping. No dog, no matter how gentle and friendly, should never be left unattended with a child.
Pharaohs usually get along with other dogs, but some of them may be aggressive towards dogs of the same sex. And since they have a strong hunting instinct, they are not suitable for families with small pets, such as rabbits, cats, or even small dogs.
Characteristic breed of the Pharaoh dog
Pharaoh Hound (Malta. "Kelb tal-Fenek") - a greyhound, an ideal helper for rabbit hunting, a great companion, a pet and an athlete. It is considered one of the oldest breeds in the world, and oddly enough, the dog has practically not changed outwardly since then, so it was classified as a group of primitive (purebred dogs). It is hardy enough, can hunt its prey for 5-8 hours at a high speed on a hunt.
There are several versions of the origin of the pharaoh dog. In one of them, his homeland, of course, is Egypt, where they appeared more than 2 thousand years BC. Later, the Phoenicians brought them to Malta, where they settled down, gave offspring from local dogs and took on the kind of surviving to this day.
The Maltese, in turn, argue that the pharaoh is home to the Mediterranean (in particular, o.Malta). And the name “Pharaoh's dog” is considered wrong, because it was invented by the British, apparently referring to their appearance. Breed in a strange way reminds the ancient Egyptian deity - Anubis (conductor of the dead to the afterlife) with the body of a man and the head of a dog. And in the ancient frescoes and papyrus Anubis is often depicted in the image of a fiery red dog.
The Maltese themselves called it “Kelb tal-fenek” and were always used to hunt rabbits, since on the island it was the only game that the poor peasants were allowed to hunt. True, the knights of the Order of Malta who came and soon imposed a ban on it, which caused an uprising of peasants and priests and went down in history as the “rabbit rebellion”.
In the early 20s of the 20th century, these cuties got to England, but, unfortunately, the British didn’t like it and didn’t settle down there. And only 40 years later, they were appreciated and loved in England and America.
In 1977, the first international standard was approved.
Interesting features - smile and blush. And if they smile all the time, then the tips of the ears, the rims of the eyes and the nose turn red at the moments of excitement or happiness.
Description of the Pharaoh's dog and the standard MKF
Photo pharaoh dog on the background of the sea
Use: hunting breed working smell and sight.
FCI Classification: Group 5 Spitz and Primitive, Section 6 Primitive type, Without working tests.
General appearance: medium-sized, elegant, elegant, slim and muscular breed. The lines of the body are clearly delineated.
Movement: easy, fast.
Behavior / temperament: affectionate, intelligent and friendly.
Body type: strong, muscular.
Neck: long, muscular, dry, slightly arched. Without suspension.
Head: wedge-shaped, clearly delineated. The skull is elongated, oblique. The forehead is round.
Stop (going from nose to nose): mild.
Muzzle: long, to the tip of the nose tapers into a blunt wedge.
Nose: large, wide nostrils. Nose skinny color.
Ears: large, set high, erect, wide at the base with pointed tips, very mobile.
Eyes: amber-colored, medium-sized, almond-shaped, set shallowly, set wide apart.
Jaws / Teeth: Strong, massive with strong teeth. Full dentition 42 teeth. Bite regular scissor. The upper jaw tightly overlaps the lower.
Body: the topline is almost flat. Body length slightly longer than height at withers.
In the photo the pharaoh dog in the side stand
Chest: deep, the bottom line of the chest does not reach the elbows. The ribs are well arched.
Croup: slightly sloping at the base of the tail.
Abdomen: slightly tucked up.
Tail: medium length, whip-shaped, thick at the base and tapers towards the end, densely covered with short hair. At length reaches the hock. Tail screw is undesirable.
Forelegs: straight, parallel.
Shoulders: Strong, long, laid back.
Elbows: tightly pressed to the body, looking strictly back.
Fingers: strong, curved, gathered in a lump. Dewclaws can be removed.
Paw pads: elastic.
Hind limbs: strong, muscular, straight when viewed from the side.
Knee joint: A moderate knee bend is visible.
Thighs: strong, muscular.
Feet: Strong, firm, turned neither in nor out.
Paw pads: elastic.
Coat: wool short, smooth, shiny. Without undercoat.
Skin: thin, smooth without folds.
Disadvantages: any deviation from the above listed is considered a disadvantage and is considered in the exact ratio of their degree and further impact on the health of the pharaoh dog.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Any pharaoh dog clearly showing physical deviations in behavior must be disqualified.
PS .: The males should have two fully developed testicles descended into the scrotum.
Color Pharaoh dog
Фараон полностью рыжий, но стандарт допускает все оттенки рыжего - от цвета загара до каштанового. Белые отметины на груди, ногах, кончике хвоста, в центре лба и на переносице допустимы. Markings on the back of the neck, on the sides or on the back are deviations from the standard and are unacceptable.
Pharaoh Hound by nature is an intelligent, sweet, kind, affectionate and cheerful creature. She is active, playful and loves all members of the family in which she lives. Breed infinitely loyal to the owner, but at the same time has a sense of dignity and regularly manifested independence. The breed is perfect for energetic and cheerful people with an active lifestyle.
She does not fit the role of a guard at all, since she is devoid of aggression towards a person. A small growth and good-natured character are not the best qualities for the caretaker, however, they will inform about the arrival of the stranger with loud barking. They do not like to stay alone for long, they may be bored and pointlessly bark to draw attention to themselves. Barking, this is unfortunately one of the shortcomings of the breed, and you will have to accept it, or not leave the pet alone for a long time.
That the pharaoh dog would not spoil your things, provide it with a sufficient number of toys during your absence and hide small items in the bedside table.
Photo pharaoh dog with a surprised look
Pharaoh Hound has a strong nervous system, they are sociable, inquisitive and sweet. She is infinitely loyal to the owner and loves all family members. It gets along well with the children of the owner and is ready to make them a good company in various games and pranks. Children and adults love to sleep next to the pharaoh, because this breed is so warm, soft and soft skin that no plush toy can replace them.
Pharaoh from birth has a special sense of ownership. It instantly spreads to her place, lounger, toys, and all that give a puppy on the first day of appearance in the house. Therefore, do not allow children to climb into her house or lounger, expel the dog from its place, take toys. Instill in children respect for the pharaoh dog, as it is now a member of your family.
It gets along well with other pets, especially if it grows with them. On the street while walking, keep the pharaoh on a leash. Remember, dear, and affectionate pet in the blink of an eye turns on the street into a real hunter who follows the call of nature. A cat (on the street it turns into prey), a flock of birds and even a small dog can become an object of interest for this greyhound. For them, this is acceptable, so you must constantly monitor and educate your pet.
Pharaoh's dog must live with the owner under the same roof, they are compact and clean, take up very little space. She needs attention and constant communication with people. A distinctive feature of the character of Pharaoh, he very subtly feels the mood of the owner and will always support him in any life situation.
They easily adapt to any climate, but the content in the aviary on the street will not suit them at all, since the short hair and thin fat layer will not protect it from the cold.
They are a good training and well remember the team. During the period of upbringing, he will certainly show his independent character and will not agree to mindlessly carry out every command of the host, but if you gain patience and find an approach to your pet, he will listen to you. Properly trained pharaohs show excellent results in agility, kursing and other sports for dogs. Despite the proud royal look, they are very capable, agile and mobile.
Pharaoh Dog Care
In the photo the pharaoh dog runs through the water.
Caring for a pharaoh dog is not difficult, but mandatory. Breed short-haired, neat, odorless "dog". Wool sheds, moult seasonal spring - autumn.
Combing your pet should be 2-3 times a week with a rubber glove or a natural bristle brush. Combing improves blood circulation, removes dust and dead hair.
During the shedding, the pet's hair will have to be combed every day, but it will be clean in the apartment.
Bathe the pharaoh as needed with baby shampoo, as it is sensitive to chemicals that are present in detergents.
In the cold season, bathing can be replaced with a dry shampoo (but first do an allergy test). The powder is rubbed into the pet's fur, then carefully combed out with a brush or comb. After, the wool can be wiped with a suede rag to add shine.
Eyes regularly inspect. Pharaoh's healthy eyes without redness and souring. Morning lumps of gray matter in the corner of the eyes are permissible, since the pharaoh dog is active and runs a lot. Just remove them with a soft cloth.
In order to prevent souring, once a week, wipe your pet's eyes with a decoction of chamomile.
Wipe each eye with a separate, lint-free cloth (cotton is best not to use).
Ears: inspect and wipe with a cotton pad dipped in warm water. The auricle of a pharaoh dog is large, open, and any change is easy to notice. If your pet often shakes his head, rubs his ears against the floor, the auricle turns red, you notice an excess of sulfur or a discharge with an unpleasant smell, immediately contact your veterinarian. There can be a lot of reasons: food allergies, otitis, otodektoz, etc. Therefore, do not make the diagnosis yourself, but rather consult with a veterinarian.
Otodektoz (ear mite) - a parasite that lives in the ear canal of a dog. These microscopic insects can appear in dogs at any age, but more often young individuals are exposed to the disease, since their immunity has not yet been formed.
Winter walk Pharaoh dog - photo in the snow
In order to avoid pharaoh dog infection with ear mite, do not allow it to play with mongrels, after bathing, dry your pet's ears and regularly check the condition of the ears.
Paws after walking wipe with a damp cloth or wash off with a shower. Paw pads should be carefully inspected for damage and cracks. Pharaohs are easily injured in pursuit of prey or just during the game and do not even notice it, since they are very amenable to excitement and hunting instincts.
In order to avoid cracks on the paws, rub them in vegetable oil and be sure to include this product in the diet (1 tsp per day).
Brush your teeth 3-4 times a week with toothpaste for dogs with a toothbrush or a special nozzle on your finger. To prevent the appearance of tartar, include solid food in the pet's ration, it will scrape the patina mechanically.
Claws cut once a month with a nail clipper, smooth ends with a nail file to avoid burrs. To facilitate the procedure, moisten the paws in warm water, the claws will become softer and it will be easier to cut.
It is necessary to teach Pharaoh's dog to hygiene procedures from an early age, so that he would not be afraid and calmly withstand them. After any procedures, be sure to praise your pet and treat your favorite snack. Never scold or beat the dog, but just have patience.
Walking: the pharaohs are active and mobile, and therefore need active walks with elements of training. It’s necessary to walk with them 2 times a day at least (morning-evening) 1 -2 hours. Keep your pet on a leash while walking in the city, as he is a born hunter and reacts to all small moving objects.
Clothing: dogs of this breed have a thin layer of subcutaneous fat, so they freeze during the cold season. They need a jumpsuit on a warm fleece lining in the bitter cold, rain coat or blanket. The sleeveless jacket can be knitted or made and the old sweaters on their own.
Ticks and fleas: treat your pet regularly with ectoparasites, as they pose a threat not only to his health, but also to life.
Fleas are carriers of various diseases, wandering from one dog to another, causing itching and anxiety. May cause balding and even the appearance of worms, if the dog swallows a flea during vykivaniya.
Ticks (in particular ixodic) are carriers of a deadly animal disease –pyroplasmosis (babesiosis). The disease is seasonal, and ticks are especially active from early spring to the first autumn frosts. Biting the animal, the tick releases into its blood, along with its saliva, a piroplasm (Piroplasma canis), which actively reproduces in red blood cells and destroys them. In addition, the waste products of piroplasma are toxic to the body. If an infected dog does not receive proper medical care in time, it will die within 4-5 days.
- Refusal to eat, drink
- Pet sluggish almost does not get up
- High body temperature (39-42 degrees)
- Urine red brown
- The whites of the eyes turn yellow
- Muscle weakness is observed, the legs of the dog are weak.
- The gastrointestinal tract function is impaired (vomiting, diarrhea)
If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, immediately contact your veterinarian for help.
After walking in nature, in the forest, park, carefully examine the pet's skin for the presence of a tick. Having found the parasite, do not panic, inspect the site of the bite, wear gloves and use tweezers or “tick twister” in a circular motion, carefully unscrew the tick from the skin. Treat your bite with an antiseptic and watch the pet's health for the next few days.
To date, the market provided a lot of funds from ectoparasites from different manufacturers and in different forms:
Each one and them has a different action line and a different price, and which one will suit your dog to choose you. Before buying, be sure to consult a veterinarian, as dogs of this breed are sensitive to chemicals contained in preparations for fleas and ticks.
Pharaoh's dog food
The food of the pharaoh dog is of two types: dry ready-made food or natural products. Which one will suit your pet is up to you, but first you should consult with the breeder, from whom you get the baby, than he feeds his dogs or consult with a veterinarian who you trust.
Plus, dry food is that it does not need to be cooked, it is convenient to take on a journey and cleaning after such feeding is minimal. True, it is necessary to make sure that Pharaoh's dog saw enough water after such feeding. The portion is determined according to the age of the dog and the state of health. If you choose ready-made feed, it should be only premium.
A minus of premium food is not cheap. Of course, the manufacturers write that the food has all the necessary components for the healthy growth and active life of the dog, but we still do not know exactly what is inside, so you choose.
The advantages of natural food - you know exactly what feed pet.
Cons - you need to spend time on cooking, you have to make the right diet with all the useful and necessary vitamins and minerals, the products are also not cheap.
The main rule - never mix dry food and natural food in one feeding, it disrupts the dog's digestive tract.
- Meat (lamb, beef, turkey, rabbit) - raw, after freezing or doused with boiling water.
- Kashi (rice, buckwheat)
- Vegetable oil (1 t.lozh.v day)
- Eggs 1 time per week (wash well before serving)
- Dairy products 1% fat
- Skim cheese
- Sea boneless fish (boiled)
- Chicken let's carefully and monitor the manifestation of an allergic reaction
- Big raw beef bones
- Fatty Meat (Pork)
- Smoked meat
- fried food
- Grapes, raisins
- The nuts
- Stuffing is better not to give
- Pharaoh's dog is sensitive to changes in the daily routine and stress. Poorly socialized pharaohs have difficulty adapting to drastic changes.
- Pharaoh's dog requires early socialization, show her a large number of different people, animals, sounds and places. A balanced and socialized pharaoh will be a polite dog with a great attitude to strangers and other dogs.
- Pharaoh dogs do not tolerate frost badly, but they can live in a cold climate if they wear warm clothing and stay indoors.
- Do not let Pharaoh run without a leash. He has a strong hunting instinct, because of which they can drive the victim for many kilometers.
- Despite the fact that greyhounds practically do not bark, Pharaoh's dog is an exception. They may bark when chasing prey when they see or hear intruders or unusual noise, or when they are too bored.
- Pharaohs get along well with other dogs, but they can take too small dogs for potential prey. The same applies to cats and rabbits.
- Pharaoh dogs shed relatively weakly.
- Some pharaohs may have coprophagy. The best way to avoid this habit is to eliminate the stool as quickly as possible.
- Pharaoh dogs need at least half an hour of physical activity per day.
History of origin
The roots of the breed go into the depths of ancient Egypt. The first evidence of the existence of this breed, dated 4000 BC. Scientists discovered an ancient artifact depicting two pharaoh dogs that participated in the hunt for gazelles.
Also, the ancient Egyptian scrolls make it possible to assume that these dogs were the favorites of the pharaohs themselves and people belonging to the Egyptian nobility. The letters of antiquity paint Pharaoh's dog stately, with a luminous face, a long tail and a reddish skin tone.
Later, the "Pharaohs" came to Malta, where they entrenched as rabbit hunters, so they were called "rabbit dog." Breed gained the widest popularity among the Maltese and officially became a dog of the state.
In the West, the pharaohs became known after their importation to Britain, after the 30s. last century. The states discovered the breed for themselves somewhat later, in the 60s, but for a short period of time (1984), the American Kennel Club officially recognized it.
Today, the breed, although known worldwide, but is considered rare.
Possible colors and coat
Pharaohs are characterized by a close-fitting shining, shimmering in the light of wool, rather short in length. As for colors, then there are all the shades of red-brown, starting with the tan color and ending with a dark chestnut.
There are also certain preferences in coloring, for example, the tip of the tail, fingers and chest should be painted white. Allowed by the standard and the presence of marks of white hue in the forehead and nose.
Features of the nature of the pharaohs
Pharaoh's dog, in comparison with other representatives of the canine, has an overly kind temper, loves to have fun herself and entertain everyone around. But its main feature is the ability to smile and blush. When the pet turns red, his nose, ears and eyes turn reddish.
Pharaohs require increased attention to their persona, they must bathe in love and affection. When all the noble family in the collection, the dog will find something to surprise and entertain each of its members. In their character, along with high intelligence, a sharp mind, such a feature as coexistence gets on. They will always try to please and predict the desires of the people they adore.
The pet with a special affection for children, so the Pharaoh, just what we needed, would suit a family with children. The only thing that very active games do not always end quietly for the situation, there may be pogroms, broken dishes, overturned chairs and so on.
Despite its cheerful and playful character, the Pharaoh's dog is an extremely tender and vulnerable animal, so you need to be very careful not to hurt the pet by any chance.
For Pharaoh is characterized by sincere empathy and understanding of the feelings of the owner. For example, he will take the joyful event with all its inherent joy, jumping, wagging its tail and smiling. And the tragedy that has occurred will lead to a severe stressful state of the pet, manifested in passivity, refusal to eat, hung ears and an extinct gaze.
The Pharaoh Hound, due to its sensitivity, does not tolerate any changes in life - a change of residence, a change in daily routine, a trip, and so on. In addition, she categorically does not tolerate loneliness, preferring constant communication. Staying at home alone, the dog from boredom will begin to bark long and hard, disturbing everyone in the neighborhood. This must be taken into account when choosing a similar breed.
Excessive friendliness does not allow them to become real watchmen, despite some suspicion of strangers. Of course, the dog will bark, loudly and loudly, warning about the arrival of a stranger, but he will not show aggression against him.
With other pets living in the house, Pharaoh will get along, especially if it is a dog, however, of the opposite sex. They do not always have good relations with males, since each of them will strive to take a leading position. If small animals live in the apartment, for example, hamsters, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs and even miniature dog breeds, then the greyhound will take them as prey.
Education and training basics
From a very early age, the pet must be socialized. Pharaoh puppies are inherently timid, so from the moment they appear in the house, the owner must take him for a walk more often, introducing many people, other animals, new furnishings, the street, places to walk.
Так как фараонова собака обладает незаурядным интеллектом, дрессировать и обучать ее не составит труда. Пес быстро осваивает базовые навыки. Но прежде, чем выполнить ту или иную команду, питомец обдумает, как правильно поступить.
Однако, из-за определенного упрямства, он может отказаться выполнять поставленную задачу, принимая самостоятельное решение. Therefore, in the process of training it is important to make it clear to the pet who is the leader and who is the subordinate. Only by winning the position of "leader", the owner will be able to succeed in the education and training of Pharaoh.
When disobedience, it is absolutely impossible to use violence - beat, scream. It is enough to repay the pet in a harsh voice, and he will understand his mistake and execute the correct command correctly.
Conducting training, you should diversify the classes, using each time new techniques and non-repetitive methods, this will help Pharaoh not to get bored and maintain interest in learning. Each lesson needs to be completed with obligatory praise.
With regular training will grow calm, balanced dog, normally perceives strangers and other animals.
How to care for a pharaoh dog
Pharaohs are very clean animals, so taking care of them is simple and does not require any effort. Short and close-lying hair needs periodic cleaning. To do this, use a rubber brush or a special glove to help clean the coat from dead hair and dirt.
You can bathe your pet every 2-3 months using baby shampoo or hygiene products for puppies. The peculiarity of the breed is their specific sensitivity to various "chemicals", so you need to carefully select shampoos and other care products.
Pharaoh dogs shed twice a year, but the molting period passes for the owner almost imperceptibly and painlessly. At this time it is necessary to comb the pet a little more often with the help of a rubber glove.
Standard care procedures require eye and ear treatment. They should be inspected weekly or as needed, removing the accumulated dirt with a cotton swab. This will help prevent the occurrence of various infections affecting the visual and hearing aids.
It is imperative to trim the claws, provided that they do not grind off naturally. Also, a pet with a puppy age should be taught to brush your teeth. The sooner the pet gets used to this procedure, the easier it will be to carry it into adulthood.
In addition to standard procedures, it is recommended to carry out timely vaccination and deworming. If you follow all the rules of Pharaoh care, he will live a long and healthy life.
Pharaohs differ mainly in excellent health, but they are not insured against breed diseases:
- knee dislocation,
- abdominal distention, with poor feeding,
- allergies, especially to anesthetics,
- ear infections
- von Willebrand disease.
But this does not mean that every pharaoh has such illnesses. In most cases, it all depends on the conditions and content of the pet. With good care, the life span of pedigree representatives is 15-17 years. Being even in the "old" age, the dog has an excellent physical form, is active and very mobile.
Each dog owner chooses one of the types of feeding - natural or ready-made rations. Stopping the choice at first, it is important to balance the diet so that the pet received in sufficient quantities all the substances necessary for its normal development and growth.
The first place in the diet is meat, which should be about 60% of the food consumed. Best of all, if it is beef. Poultry meat should be entered into the menu with caution, as the pharaohs are allergic and have problems with the digestive tract. Starting to give chicken, turkey, you need to carefully monitor how the dog carries this product, does not occur if there are disorders of the chair, does not appear itching and skin rashes. If everything is in order, you can continue to give Pharaoh poultry meat.
In addition to meat, offal, large bones should be present in the diet. Meat can be added to porridges boiled in broth or water and seasoned with vegetable oil. Mandatory are vegetables, dairy products that improve the processes of digestion.
How to adjust the diet and choose the best set of products for an allergic dog, tell a veterinarian. In addition to the products, vitamin-mineral complexes are introduced as supplements, which make it possible to compensate for the lack of vitamins and minerals in the canine body and bring them to the daily norm.
It is strictly forbidden to feed the dog from your table, especially products that are prohibited for animals suffering from allergic manifestations. Under the ban fall:
- sweets, pastries, muffins,
- smoked meats
- pickles and pickles,
- chicken tubular bones, etc.
If the owner prefers "drying", then it is necessary to select the highest quality rations from the category of premium and super-premium class, having special lines for dogs with gastrointestinal traits (food allergies). Any new feed should also be introduced gradually, observing the state of the pharaoh.
The pellets in the feed should be large or medium in size, this will keep the teeth in good condition, avoiding the formation of stones. When dry feeding should provide the pet with regular access to water, especially since the greyhounds are constantly on the move and very active.
Puppies are fed 3-4 times a day, and later transferred, like all dogs, to two meals a day. The amount of a single serving is determined by the size of the dog, its weight, age and activity. If the dog is characterized by excessive mobility, spends more energy, then the portion should be larger. Seasonal size is also influenced by seasonality, for example, in summer the dog will eat less and drink more because of the heat, and vice versa in winter, respectively.
The most important thing is not to overfeed, otherwise it will lead to obesity. If there are leftover food in the bowl, it means that it is enough for the pet that he has eaten, and the portion can be reduced.
Where to buy a pharaoh puppy
This breed is a big rarity in Russia, so it is very difficult to buy it, for this it is necessary to agree in advance on the acquisition of a puppy. The rarity of the breed causes a high price for it.
Buy Pharaoh's dog from random people and dubious breeders, without documents and pedigree, it is possible for $ 800-1000. But guarantees in this case about the pure breed and health of the puppy will not be able to get.
A purebred puppy, having small flaws and not suitable for breeding, will cost the future owner $ 1500-1600. A puppy of titled parents with a pedigree and all documents, suitable for breeding and show career, will cost at least $ 3000- $ 3200.
Pharaoh Hound - ideal for experienced people who lead an active lifestyle. Such a pet will become the best friend and an excellent companion in all joint affairs.
The history of Pharaoh’s dogs
The first mentions and descriptions of the breed, today called the “Pharaoh Hound,” can be found in mythology. For centuries it was believed that this animal has a divine origin. The myth said that once with the mission to save the Earth, the fiery essence descended from Sirius to us, she took on the look of a dog and began to live alongside people. The animal of fiery red color (and Pharaoh's dog is just that - see photo) became ancestor of the breed.
Later, animals appeared in Malta, today they are considered the national pride of the state. In the middle of the twentieth century, Egyptian pharaohs' dogs came to Europe.
A non-mythical version of the origin says that the "pharaohs" are descended from ancient wolf and shakaloobrazny animals. The first official mention of a dog from Malta dates back to 1647. In 1975, the animal is officially recognized, its description appears.
Why did the breed get its name? On his native island, an animal is called a rabbit hunting dog - Kelb tal-Fenek. In Europe, they are known as Pharaohs, most likely because they were often depicted on the sarcophagi of the Egyptian pharaohs. Animals accompanied the pharaohs on the hunt.
Egyptian Pharaoh dogs have retained their original appearance and character for thousands of years. They belong to the group of the rarest and most expensive breeds.
Pharaoh Hound: breed description
Egyptian pharaohs have this description: the animal is distinguished by grace, grace and nobility. The body is long and elongated. Even looking at the photo, you can see the magnificent posture of these animals. They are tall and fit. The height of the animal is about 65 cm at the withers, while the weight is not more than 25 kg. Egyptian dogs have an excellent athletic build.
The color of the animals is uniform, fiery (or rust-red). The tip of the tail is painted white. There may be white markings on the chest or spots on the fingers.
Even the puppy already has a noble and magnificent posture, as seen in the photo.
Description and photo of the pharaoh dog, fully compliant with the standard, can be found on specialized forums.
Self-confident dog with a graceful and noble posture (see photo) has an imperious character. Being loyal and loving to the owner, the dog still believes that he is superior to man intellectually. Therefore, it will not immediately execute the owner’s commands without evaluating them on their own. If the team seems wrong to her, she will not carry it out.
Given the nature of the Egyptian dogs, they need to be raised from childhood, showing who is the leader and the main one. A puppy needs to be taught this, otherwise it will not obey the person.
The animal has a well-developed hunter instinct. Therefore, it should not be left unattended on the street, as it can chase after “prey”.
The pet will make friends with other animals, but small representatives will be taken for prey.
The animal is not prone to displaying aggression, gets along well with children, but, like all dogs, requires socialization.
Reviews of the owners say that the pet has an incredible sense of humor and can easily cheer up. And the animal can smile and wrinkle its nose. On the Internet you can find such funny photos.
Before you go shopping for a puppy, you should think about whether you can provide a pet with decent maintenance and care. To determine this, you need to know the reviews of the owners. Think twice, because the price of this breed, as they say, bites.
Pharaoh's dog is very self-willed, it is not suitable for living in an apartment (as for any hunting breed, this is tantamount to imprisonment), it is active and loves to run. An ideal place to keep it is a country house.
In itself, the animal is very clean, so does not require special care. Wool should be cleaned once a week. Bathe only when necessary. For swimming recommend using baby shampoo. The animal practically does not fade. This happens completely unnoticed. From time to time the pet needs to cut its claws.
The animal is afraid of cold weather, so for harsh winters it needs to purchase special overalls.
Pet often need to walk, showing him the world around him. Puppy should be walked on a leash, so that he did not run away. A puppy should not be allowed to adult dogs, so that they do not harm him. You can accustom your pet to the toilet as early as 2-2.5 months of age.
An adult Pharaoh's dog should spend about 2.5 hours on the street every day. She loves games, active and mobile activities. The main thing is that she should not get bored of monotony and exercises of the same type.
Host reviews indicate: a highly developed hunting instinct does not allow a pet to sit still, so it should not be left alone for a long time - it can run away in search of a game.
Pharaoh Hound lives about 15-17 years old and is considered a long-liver. The animal, up to its very old age, retains its athletic form, is not prone to diseases, but has a number of characteristic breeds of diseases. Like large dogs, pharaohs can suffer from dysplasia of the joints, dislocations of the kneecaps, and injuries may occur. With an improper diet, the animal may suffer from abdominal distention.
The animal is sensitive to chemicals, so you should use caution shampoos, remedies for fleas, ticks.
Price puppy Egyptian pharaohs
The price of a pharaoh dog - this question is of concern to many dog breeders who have managed to fall in love with a photo of these graceful and noble animals. Their price is quite high. Pharaohs are among the most expensive dogs in the world.
The price of a puppy comes to 5 thousand dollars. Find ads for sale can be on the Internet, there are photos and descriptions of parents and their offspring. But it is better to contact a specialized nursery. The price there may be slightly higher, but when you buy through the nursery, you can be confident in the pedigree of your pet.
Pharaoh Hound is a mysterious, mythical animal with a royal posture, remarkable character and a natural mind. She has thousands of admirers around the world. The animal is covered with a halo of mystery. It is committed and quickly attached to the owner, but it never allows you to completely subjugate yourself. This is a good hunter, a good guard, a friend and a cheerful member of the family, able to cheer up and cheer.