Rabies is one of the diseases with 100% mortality, which has not been learned to treat so far. Therefore, its prevention is of particular importance. Very important is the first vaccine against rabies. The more carefully the dog is prepared for it, the lower the risk of side effects and the stronger the immune system.
Why vaccination against rabies is important?
For a start it is worth saying a few words about the general situation with rabies in our country. And she is quite serious. It is for this reason that there is a law under which all domestic dogs and cats should be subject to mandatory annual vaccination. Unfortunately, this rule is not always observed and not all, as a result of which the disease is constantly circulating in the external environment.
But why do veterinarians and breeders attach so much importance to the first vaccination? The thing is that this vaccine determines how tense and strong the dog's immunity will be.
What is rabies in dogs
But what is rabies in dogs? This is a serious disease of viral origin. It is transmitted from animal to animal through bites. A virus caught in a wound with saliva penetrates the nerve fibers and begins to move toward the brain and spinal cord. The speed of advancement is up to three millimeters per hour (sometimes per day). Excreted from the body with saliva, in small quantities found in the urine and feces.
Fortunately, the pathogen is not very resistant: at a temperature of only 56 ° C, it dies within just 15 minutes. Boiling does destroy the virus in less than two minutes. Direct sunlight, almost all types of standard disinfectants and all alcohols quickly cope with it. Like all viruses, it tolerates low temperatures very well and, which is not quite typical for viruses, it withstands phenol treatment well. But! There is another nuance, due to which the rabies virus is considered to be a very unusual pathogen.
The point is his amazing, phenomenal stability in the tissues ... of the decaying brain. Cases are described when the viability of the pathogen has been maintained in such an unusual substrate for three years at a time. For the virus, these are truly unique, outstanding figures. Thanks to this method of "conservation", the causative agent of rabies always circulates in the environment, as the carriers of the disease die from it regularly.
Transmission of the disease - through bites (the virus is contained in saliva). There is a high risk of infection if saliva hits the damaged skin. Other ways of infection are unknown. However, experiments are known when it was possible to infect experimental animals with an aerosol with a virus, but due to the weak viability of the pathogen in “field conditions”, in practice this method of infection is extremely unlikely.
Despite numerous rumors about the possibility of the disease of a dog after eating the meat of sick animals, it could not be reproduced under laboratory conditions.
Symptoms of rabies
Although this is not directly related to the subject of the article, all the dog owners, without exception, should be able to distinguish signs of rabies. "Strangeness" in the behavior of your beloved doggie can turn into a painful death of a person, or even a few.
As soon as the virus has entered the body of a new host, it is introduced into the nerve fibers, unmistakably choosing the “road” to the central nervous system organs. It is believed that before he gets there and until the expressed symptoms appear, the pet can still be saved (hypothetically).
Unfortunately, veterinarians are more likely to encounter situations when an animal is already suffering from a clinical form of rabies. It is strictly forbidden to treat such animals; all sick dogs (and other animals) must be euthanized by law.
As a rule, the incubation period lasts from a month to 50 days. But there are documented cases when the virus was “dozing” in the nerves up to a year. The closer a bite wound is to the head (i.e., to the brain), the faster the clinical form of the pathology will develop. Accordingly, all clinical signs of rabies are somehow related to CNS damage:
- Pet becomes anxious, nervous, easily excitable. At the same time, the first episodes of hydrophobia appear: the dog is afraid of the sounds of flowing water (but still can drink).
- Soon the disease progresses. The animal can not drink, is afraid of water, but at the same time it becomes aggressive and attacks other dogs, as well as people. A characteristic feature is frothy saliva, constantly flowing out of the jaws of a sick dog (due to muscle paralysis, it cannot swallow).
- Another hallmark of rabies is eating completely inedible things. At the opening of sick dogs, even cans and branches were often found in their stomachs.
Interesting fact. Despite the defeat of the nervous system, the virus does not cause irreversible pathologies in the tissue. Precisely reliable epidemiologists are associated with this fact to create effective treatment methods after the onset of clinical signs. But so far, unfortunately, very far.
Important! At the slightest suspicion of rabies, the animal should be immediately isolated in a separate room and call the veterinarian. Once again we remind that this disease is deadly, after the development of clinical signs a cure is impossible.
Once again we digress from the topic of the article. For a person, rabies was also considered absolutely fatal (after the onset of clinical signs), but in 2005 the first successful treatment was recorded by immersing the patient in a super-deep drug coma (the case of Gina Gis, also known as the Milwaukee protocol).
Today, there are eight documented episodes of successful treatment (according to other sources - up to 12), but it is very early to speak of a complete victory over the pathology. The method of treatment is extremely dangerous, there is a big risk of developing mental and neurological abnormalities (due to deep coma).
Rules for vaccinating dogs for rabies
Given the risk of illness for humans, all rules for vaccinating dogs against rabies are also enshrined at the legislative level. In particular, the mandatory requirement is to include information about vaccination in the dog's veterinary passport. Without these marks, the owner will not be able to show his pet at exhibitions, he will not be allowed through customs (and there is a risk of confiscation of an unvaccinated dog with its subsequent compulsory vaccination), etc.
Interesting! In some countries, a dog’s lack of immunization against rabies is the basis for prosecuting the owner. In short, everything is very serious, and therefore it is impossible to forget about this vaccine under any circumstances.
Age for the first vaccination
Even the age for the first vaccination is determined quite strictly - you need to vaccinate all dogs that have reached the age of three months. If the area where the dog lives is safe for rabies, then the first vaccination can be carried out at the age from six months to a year. But only under the condition that the mother of puppies was vaccinated in a timely manner.
In cases where the locality for rabies is unfavorable or extremely unfavorable, it is necessary to vaccinate puppies at exactly three months, the maximum is at the age of six months.
"Pros and cons" of vaccination
Frankly speaking, in the case of rabies, it is silly to consider the pros and cons of vaccination: regardless of the breeder’s preferences, it is imperative to vaccinate the animal. There can be no arguments "against" in this case, since the danger of rabies is too great, and in many countries the measures for its complete elimination are fixed, again, at the legislative level. It is the complete and total vaccination of animals - the key to the elimination of this pathology.
Basic rabies vaccine in dogs
The following rabies vaccines for dogs are used for vaccination in our country:
- One of the most common drugs is Nobivac Rabies (Nobivac Rabies). Manufacturer - Dutch company. The drug belongs to the category of inactivated (i.e. there is no live pathogen in its composition). Creates lasting immunity for about three years. The vaccine is unique in that it can be used as a solvent for other Nobivac (lyophilized) vaccinations, which will allow for one administration to form immunity against several diseases at once. Immunity to rabies is formed about 21 days after drug administration.
- Rabix. Also inactivated rabies vaccine of domestic production. Can be used starting at eight weeks of age. A special feature of the vaccine is the secondary revaccination of initially vaccinated animals. It is carried out in 21 days. In the future, pets vaccinated once. Immunity is formed on the 21st day since the last injection of the drug, up to three years (but more often, a high concentration of antibodies persists for a year).
- Dohivac Also the Dutch inactivated vaccine. The characteristics are almost identical to Nobivaka.
- Febrivac 3 plus. German inactivated vaccine.
- Canvac and Hexadog. The last three drugs are also similar to all the same Nobivaku, they also have no special nuances of use.
Regardless of the type of vaccine, there are common contraindications for all of them:
- It is not necessary to vaccinate puppies younger than three months of age. But this recommendation applies only to prosperous areas. If the situation with rabies in a particular region is critical, the sooner the animal is vaccinated, the better for him and for his owners.
- You can not vaccinate sick and weak animals. It is still necessary to vaccinate them, but only after the pet recovers its normal physical form. By itself, the vaccine is absolutely not dangerous for dogs in any cases. The problem is that the body of a weakened dog cannot form a normal immunity.
Validity and frequency of revaccination
Note that the period of validity and frequency of revaccination depends on the specific type of vaccine and it is necessary to find out about this either from a veterinarian or by reading the instructions for the preparation. But the general recommendations of veterinary immunologists are:
- The duration of most modern rabies vaccines is from two to three years. The manufacturer guarantees that antibodies to the rabies virus are guaranteed to be in the animal’s blood at this time.
- But! At the same time, in most countries, the requirement for mandatory annual revaccination is fixed at the legislative level. The validity of the vaccine in this case does not matter.
Moreover, in regions where the situation with rabies is extremely unfavorable, the decision on revaccination of the animal is made based on the determination of antibody titer. If the rates are low, then the dog can be re-vaccinated several months after the first vaccination.
Preparing a dog for rabies vaccination
Consider how to prepare for vaccination. In principle, no special actions need to be performed, except for the mandatory anthelminthic treatment. It is conducted as follows:
- First, you must pass a sample of the feces of the animal. When even single worm eggs are found in feces, deworming is carried out.
- Inoculation can be carried out only 10 days after the antiparasitic treatment and only in cases where the reanalysis of feces revealed no traces of the presence of parasites. In other situations, it is required to again de-worming, and in 10 days after it to be vaccinated.
Antiparasitic treatment is important because the abundance of toxins in the blood of infected animals prevents the formation of normal immunity. Simply put, vaccinating a puppy with critical forms of helminthic invasions is useless, it still does not appear to be immune to rabies.
What to do after vaccination
Many novice breeders do not know what to do after vaccination. In general, there is nothing terrible in this, since you don’t really need to do anything special. It is only necessary to observe the puppy and, when there are any oddities in its behavior, or when there are visible signs of deterioration in its general condition, report it to the veterinarian. In addition, the vaccinated pet should be ensured complete rest and good feeding. This contributes to the formation of high-quality, strong immunity.
Possible complications and side effects
As with other vaccinations, something can go wrong with a rabies vaccination.
Here are the possible complications and side effects:
- Perhaps a moderate increase in total body temperature, short-term rejection of food.
- Some pets start to drink a lot more water after vaccination, which leads to more frequent urination.
- Drowsiness, apathy, the puppy tries to sleep more.
- In very rare cases, vomiting and / or diarrhea is possible.
- If the animal has a congenital predisposition to the development of allergic reactions, there is a risk of local or general allergic reactions.
Allergic reaction to vaccination
Separately, it is necessary to consider the situation when the puppy may manifest individual intolerance to some components of the vaccine. In this case, the reaction to the vaccination may be:
- There are red rashes on the skin (rash).
- Also on the skin may appear crusts, scabs, other types of lesions.
- In the most severe cases, angioedema, urticaria is possible.
- Many veterinarians believe that it is the individual intolerance to the components of the drug that explains profuse diarrhea in some animals after vaccination.
However, the practice of veterinarians around the world proves that the probability of all the above phenomena is extremely small. It is estimated that no more than 1.3% of all dogs being vaccinated suffer from “side effects” of rabies vaccines.. In addition, in almost 100% of cases, all side effects disappear spontaneously, for a maximum of 10 hours, and no veterinary assistance is required.
Contact the specialist is required only in the following situations:
- If the puppy has a permanent or intermittent fever.
- The apathetic condition does not pass within two days and more.
- Pet hard with wheezing breathes.
When do I need to be vaccinated without fail?
Rabies vaccine for dogs is necessary in order to warn a person or an animal from a dangerous disease. A dog can fully survive without her if she lives in a separate aviary and does not contact with other pets.
There are several cases in which a vaccination is required without fail:
- if the animal has run away from the house and has been in contact with other individuals for a long time,
- if necessary, visit with your pet another country,
- if the owner often takes him to places with large concentrations of dogs, such as exhibitions, contests or joint walks.
It is recommended to vaccinate the dog in time for your own peace of mind in order to protect the animal from the effects of the virus.
Currently there are many rabies vaccines for dogs. "Rabikan" in this list occupies a leading position. This is a high-quality domestic drug that is equally suitable for cats and dogs. Seven days after the vaccine is introduced into the body, the animal develops immunity, which reduces the risk of acquiring a dangerous disease. There is only one contraindication - during the period of illness it is strictly forbidden to make a vaccine against dog rabies.
Instructions for use is quite simple. To administer the drug, do the following:
- treat the injection site with an alcohol solution (70%),
- dial a syringe with a dose of 1 or 2 cm 3, depending on the age of the pet,
- Inject an injection under the skin.
It is recommended to do this procedure only for animals that are older than 2 months. Its validity is one year, after which you can repeat the introduction of the drug. Side effects of this medication is not fixed.
Vaccine against rabies for dogs "Nobivak" produces a Dutch manufacturer. Today it is one of the most effective. It is presented in the form of a dry powder, which is previously required to be dissolved in a vial by a diluent. Inoculation is as follows:
- When the dog reaches 8 weeks of age, the first injection should be given. One ampoule is equivalent to one dose, which should be collected in a syringe and injected under the skin of a dog.
- The same procedure must be repeated after three months and after one year.
- After each injection, allow your pet to lie down for 15 minutes.
After three vaccinations, the animal will be protected from a dangerous disease for three years. If suddenly a shaggy pet sneezes violently, do not panic, this is a normal reaction of the body to this drug.
When it comes to the rabies vaccine for dogs, the name of the drug "Defensor-3" is impossible not to mention. This is one of the best tools that will protect the animal from one of the most dangerous diseases.
Для этого требуется сделать несложную процедуру.
- Приобретите в аптеке самую маленькую дозу, равную 1 мл. Она продается в ампуле и представляет собой прозрачный раствор розового оттенка.
- Как только щенку исполнится три месяца, сделайте первую инъекцию.
- Повторите процедуру через один год.
After grafting, you need to give the animal a drink. It is necessary to monitor the state of his health throughout the day. From the effects of this drug may cause an allergic reaction - severe itching. If it does not stop within a few hours, then you must additionally give the dog an antiseptic.
About the timing of action
Currently, there are a huge number of a variety of drugs for grafting animals. The composition of the components of any vaccine differs markedly from rabies for dogs. The validity of each drug is approximately the same. Basically it is 12 months. After this period, the effect of the vaccine is reduced, and the immunity is weakened. It is necessary to make a pet new vaccination. You can find a limited number of medicines, the validity of which reaches three years.
The impact of the drug on the animal's body
From a very young age, you need to vaccinate your pet, using rabies vaccine for dogs. The instructions for each of them are approximately the same: a certain dose of medication should be injected under the pet's skin. The impact on the body of each of them is also similar.
The scheme of action of the drug is as follows:
- The first 20 minutes are the most difficult for the pet. Allergic reactions may occur during this period. In order to alleviate his condition, it is recommended to give an antiseptic preparation to the animal simultaneously with the vaccination.
- Exactly 21 days the drug will act on the body, producing protection in it. During this period, it is better to provide a pet home mode and pay maximum attention. Completely restrict his communication with other animals. Immunity will be weakened all this time, so the risk of acquiring a disease rises sharply.
- After this time, protection appears in the body that blocks the penetration of the virus.
Older dogs react to the vaccine much worse than young puppies. It is recommended to prepare their body for the action of the drug. Consult with the veterinarian, a week before the vaccination, add additional vitamins to the diet, let's give more liquid, try to reduce the physical load of the pet.
When do I need to see a doctor?
Rabies vaccine for dogs is a drug that has a certain effect on the body and additionally loads it. You should not be afraid if your pet has a certain appetite for a certain time, diarrhea appears, or the body temperature increases slightly. For three days after vaccination, the dog will feel lethargic and tired. This is an absolutely normal reaction of the body. However, it is necessary to remember some cases when urgent specialist assistance is needed:
- symptoms do not go away three days after vaccine administration,
- the injection site turned red or swollen or the dog had painful sensations in this area, it is easy to understand it - it will start whining, try to lick it or comb it,
- the color of the tongue or ears has changed
- there were problems with breathing (coughing, shortness of breath, sneezing, etc.),
- the appearance of seizures, severe fever, profuse salivation.
All these side effects indicate that the procedure was performed incorrectly or the drug did not fit the pet's body.
Preparation for vaccination
In order for the effect of vaccination on the body to be effective, and the side effects to appear as little as possible, it is recommended to first prepare the dog's body for subsequent intervention. A week before the vaccination, it is necessary to limit her communication with other dogs, give plenty of water and include healthy foods in the diet. On the day of the injection should not feed the animal heavy food. Preliminary health status should be assessed.
It is recommended to be vaccinated in a veterinary clinic. Experts in advance will make the necessary tests and independently determine which drug is best suited for the body of a shaggy patient. The procedure will be carried out safely, efficiently and sterile. For a certain period, the animal will be under the supervision of medical personnel. In case of manifestation of side effects, specialists will immediately take steps to eliminate them.
Making rabies vaccine for dogs alone is dangerous. Failure to comply with all necessary conditions can damage the pet's health. Currently, there are a huge number of institutions that offer this service at a low price.
When to do the first vaccination
In the best option, puppies up to 8 weeks should be fed with mother's milk, which greatly enhances their innate immunity. He is able to provide natural protection for the first 4–18 weeks of life, during which the puppy needs to be given the first vaccinations. But since the puppy's immune system is still being formed before the age of 8 weeks, it is recommended to perform vaccination from 8 to 12 weeks - in the so-called “window of susceptibility”, when the body's resistance to infections drops significantly. This time is most suitable for the first vaccinations.
Also, at the time of vaccination, the puppy will be completely healthy, because if the body is weakened, unforeseen complications may develop under the influence of the vaccination. It is desirable that the veterinarian should draw up an individual vaccination scheme for the puppy, taking into account the peculiarities of its development and state of health. But if no deviations are observed, then you can follow the general rules of vaccination of dogs and the schedule of vaccinations.
Puppy Vaccination Table
Recommendations on the timing of vaccinations, their purpose and comments on each are given in the table below.
Vaccine PUPPY, make in case of urgent need
It is held very small puppies only at high risk of infection
Primary vaccination against hepatitis, plague, parainfluenza, enteritis, leptospirosis
A quarantine of up to 2 weeks is required, after which immunity to these diseases is developed.
The second vaccination against the same diseases
Same 2-week quarantine observed
Primary rabies vaccination
Vaccination is mandatory for all dogs. Allowed to move to a later date - up to six months of age. The quarantine period is 14 days.
Third vaccination against hepatitis, plague, parainfluenza, enteritis, leptospirosis
Same 2-week quarantine observed
Second rabies vaccination
Compliant 2-week quarantine. Next - vaccinations are set every year.
The fourth vaccination against hepatitis, plague, parainfluenza, enteritis, leptospirosis
Same 2-week quarantine observed
This vaccination plan for dogs is considered to be as effective as possible. To perform these vaccinations are used appropriate drugs.
Types of drugs for vaccination
Depending on the main active ingredient, vaccines are divided into 2 types:
- Attenuated - the basis of such drugs are viable, but weakened pathogens, which after administration multiply rapidly, causing the body to develop immunity.
- Inactivated - the effect of such vaccines is based on the properties of dead virus cells, which act much slower and form a more short-term immunity, and therefore require repeated vaccinations (the exception is the rabies vaccine for dogs, which after the second vaccination produces lifelong immunity).
Vaccines are also classified according to their composition and effect:
- monovalent vaccines (monovalent) - include antigens of the causative agent of a single infection, which reduces the load on the puppy's immune system and improves the quality of the reaction,
- polystams (polyvalent) - produce resistance to several (up to 6-7) viruses, but are more difficult to carry, therefore, are recommended for use in adult dogs in order to strengthen the immune system.
All drugs have a prolonged effect and form a long-lasting immunity in a puppy.
Today there is a wide range of domestic and imported vaccines for dogs. Russian-made drugs receive a lot of positive feedback, but most veterinarians use proven foreign analogues, such as Canigen and Eurican. However, the issue of using a particular drug and the mechanism of its effect on the dog’s body is not discussed with the owner.
What diseases are protected from
The focus of the vaccine is indicated in the label, which is added to the main name in the form of such symbols:
- And - adenoviroz,
- D is the plague
- L - leptospirosis,
- P - parvovirus enteritis,
- Pi - parainfluenza
- R is rabies.
Vaccination is the most effective method of saving a dog from these diseases. If you do not vaccinate in time, then in case of infection the animal will die or it will be very hard to hurt, which will cause irreparable damage to health.
In addition, pets can be vaccinated against less dangerous diseases. Widespread popularity of vaccine against depriving dogs. This vaccination is done separately from the rest with a break of at least 2 weeks. Vaccines Vakderm, Polivak-TM, Mikoderm are considered the most popular vaccines. Immunity against lichen persists for 12 months. Drugs can be used not only for prevention, but also for the purpose of treatment - in a double dose.
Relatively recently, the concept of vaccinating dogs against tick bites has appeared. However, a vaccine against ticks for dogs does not exist as such. To combat these parasites used drugs of local action, providing short-term protection. It is also recommended that intramuscular injection of a drug capable of killing ticks and producing weak immunity for no more than 2 weeks.
But there is a vaccine for piroplasmosis for dogs, which is often called tick vaccination, because it helps to develop resistance to the pathogen tolerated by these parasites. Vaccination of dogs for the prevention of piroplasmosis is usually performed with the preparations "Nobivac Pyro" and "Pirodog". Such vaccinations do not exclude infection, but reduce the severity of symptoms of the disease and reduce the likelihood of death. However, weak symptoms of piroplasmosis or its absence after vaccination often leads to the fact that the disease is detected only at the acute stage, which greatly complicates treatment.
These vaccinations against lichen and ticks are not included in the mandatory program of vaccination of dogs. If carried out, they require compliance with all relevant recommendations, rules and standard precautions.
Another non-existent vaccine is a worms vaccine for dogs. It is impossible to develop immunity in an animal and to prevent helminthic invasion by the method of vaccination. Appropriate anthelmintic or anthelmintic drugs are given to puppies at 3 weeks of age, and then 1 time in 3 months. Also deworming is carried out if necessary, in particular, almost before each vaccination.
Overview of the main vaccines for dogs
The most common vaccines for dogs today are:
- "Biovac" (Russia ",
- "Coiningen" (France),
- "Nobivak" (Holland),
- "Eurikan" (France) and others.
All of them are available in several varieties, each of which is labeled with the above characters.
The vaccine "Biovac" contains live and inactivated microorganisms. Immunity to these diseases develops 14 days after re-vaccination and lasts for 12 months. The drug has no therapeutic effect, therefore, in the case of the introduction of an infected dog, it can lead to its death.
You can use Biovac 2 weeks after any other vaccinations:
- puppies - from 2 months of age,
- adult dogs - 30 days before mating.
The vaccine is administered to puppies twice in 1-2 weeks, adults - once. Vaccination should not be given to sick or weakened dogs, as well as to those who have not undergone deworming procedure. The price of the vaccine "Biovac" - 150-200 rubles.
Vaccine "Kanigen" causes an immune response in dogs 3 weeks after re-vaccination and keeps it for 12 months. The drug is harmless, can be used for puppies from 2 months of age. A single dose of the vaccine is 1 ml for any weight and age of the dog. The second vaccination is performed at intervals of 3-4 weeks, starting at 12 weeks of age. Then vaccinations are given every year in a single dosage.
The efficacy of the vaccine is reduced if the dog is stressed. You can not inoculate:
- sick or weakened animals
- females when carrying and feeding puppies,
- not de-wormed dogs.
The price of vaccine for dogs "Kanigen" - 280-400 rubles.
"Nobivak" - another series of vaccines for dogs, consisting of drugs of different directions of action. Vaccination is carried out in 1 dose. The scheme of administration is determined by the type of strains. Vaccination is given to healthy dogs, including:
- old, exhausted,
- pregnant and lactating females,
- puppies from 4 weeks of age.
The drug is well tolerated and contraindicated only in case of intolerance to the components. If allergic reactions occur, adrenaline should be injected under the skin. Nobivak preparations for rabies are not used in the last 3 weeks of pregnancy and 14 days after whelping. The price of the vaccine "Nobivak" is 300-800 rubles.
Instructions vaccine "Eurikan" for dogs is similar to the drug "Nobivak." It is also characterized by good tolerance and provides stable immunity for 1 year.
It is possible to vaccinate healthy dogs after deworming. Contraindication is the intolerance of ingredients. It is rarely possible to develop an anaphylactic reaction requiring symptomatic treatment. The price of vaccine "Eurikan" for dogs is 400-2500 rubles.
It is quite clear that imported drugs cause more confidence, because they are more expensive, and, therefore, must have a higher quality. However, when choosing some of them, in particular the vaccine against the plague of dogs, the price cannot become a decisive condition. It is only necessary to vaccinate puppies for plague with domestic preparations, since many diseases of dogs after using imported preparations are recorded.
The choice of vaccine must be coordinated with the veterinarian, who is not only more aware of the pros and cons of the drugs used, but also familiar with the incidence rates in a particular place of residence.
What to do after vaccination
Performing a vaccination requires a 2-week quarantine for a dog, which involves:
- exclusion of contact with other animals,
- ensuring normal sleep, proper nutrition and abundant drinking,
- creation of comfortable conditions - without drafts, too high or low air temperature,
- the lack of water procedures for 3 days - you can not wet the injection site, wash or bathe a puppy,
- avoidance of increased motor activity and overwork of the pet.
During this period, short walks are allowed, but in a clean area where other animals do not walk. You need to walk only in good warm weather to prevent puppy from chilling.
Possible negative reactions
Vaccine administration is an effect on the dog's immune system, which significantly weakens the body's resistance. Immediately after the injection, lethargy, a slight fever, vomiting may occur. Such a reaction is caused by the invasion of a foreign substance and should not cause concern. But if the deterioration of health of the dog does not pass, and increases within a few days, then you need to contact a veterinarian.
Sometimes a lump is formed at the injection site, which is caused by a violation of the technique of its production. As a rule, seals dissolve within 1-4 weeks. To speed up this process, you need to lubricate the affected area with anti-coagulant ointment. In case of an increase in swelling or the appearance of severe pain that bothers the dog, it should also be shown to the doctor, since the development of an abscess requires surgical intervention.
In rare cases, puppies after vaccination develop an allergy to the injected substance, which manifests itself:
- significant temperature increase
- regular vomiting, diarrhea,
- respiratory failure
- severe drooling
- pallor of mucous membranes,
- discoloration of the skin.
With these symptoms, you should give the dog an antihistamine drug, and then consult a doctor.
Dog vaccination price
The cost of vaccination depends on three factors:
- the place of the procedure - in the clinic or at home,
- veterinary and veterinary level categories,
- cost of the drug used.
On average, a veterinarian's call to a house is estimated at 600–2400 rubles, taking into account the price of the drug. In the clinic, a similar procedure will cost 400-1500 rubles.
Do not save too much. It is better to entrust the vaccine to a proven specialist and perform the procedure at home so that you do not have to sacrifice the health of the dog and spend money on its subsequent treatment.
Why do you need to vaccinate dogs for rabies
Rabies is a common disease in humans and animals. The main source of infection is sick dogs and cats, in the countryside there are also foxes and hedgehogs. The virus is contained in the saliva of infected animals and is transmitted with a bite. Лечения для животных на сегодняшний день не существует, а животное, у которого проявились признаки бешенства практически всегда погибает.
Вакцинация против бешенства контролируется на государственном уровне. Прививка питомцу необходима:
- если вы пересекаете с собакой границу страны,
- ваш питомец участвует в выставках или соревнованиях,
- собака участвует в племенном разведении,
- In some veterinary clinics, a vaccination mark is required to ensure the safety of personnel,
- without vaccinations, they may refuse to take the dog for a shake,
- to protect your pet from various unpleasant situations, and family members from the danger of virus infection.
On the territory of the Russian Federation, vaccination against rabies is obligatory for dogs and cats in distressed areas with rabies.
When to vaccinate a puppy
When to vaccinate a puppy for rabies? Rabies is vaccinated at a later age than other diseases. If vaccination against plague, enteritis and hepatitis is usually put in two months, then it is advisable to combine the first rabies injection with the second visit to the vet for vaccinations. This is about three weeks after the first vaccination. Thus, the earliest vaccination against rabies is 2.5–3 months. Breeders try to have time to spend a course of immunization before changing milk teeth - it is believed that some vaccines may cause darkening of the tooth enamel. The first teeth of a puppy begin to change at the age of 3 months, and this process ends at 6 months. Of course, there are breed and individual characteristics. Therefore, if the puppy has the first baby tooth, then it is better to postpone vaccinations until the entire set changes.
If the vaccine is administered before three months, then the injection will have to be repeated in 14-21 days to form the immunity. After three months of age, a single injection of the drug is sufficient.
The age at which a puppy is vaccinated for rabies depends on the particular conditions of your pet. Some veterinary specialists recommend not to rush to vaccinate babies against rabies. If you do not plan to transport the puppy across the border or attend events that require a vaccination mark, then rabies vaccination is best carried out between 6 and 9 months. Of course, this does not apply to dogs whose risk of infection with this disease is high - these are free-range puppies, hunting dogs, as well as animals living in areas where massive cases of illness are recorded.
Revaccination of adult dogs
How often to vaccinate a rabies dog? Immunity after vaccination is produced 21 days after the application of inactivated (killed) vaccines.
How much does a rabies vaccination do for dogs? Immunity to the disease lasts more than one year (from two to three years from different manufacturers), but according to the veterinary legislation in disadvantaged areas of dogs need to be revaccinated annually. At the same time, the period of subsequent vaccination does not depend on the length of protection specified by the manufacturer of the drug in its instructions. Therefore, if you plan to come into contact with official veterinary structures, your pet should be vaccinated no more than 11 months and no earlier than 30 days before the event.
It is recommended to apply sparing schemes for old or chronically sick dogs. Some veterinarians recommend administering standard rabies vaccines not annually, but once in two years. This is explained by the fact that any rabies vaccine in practice supports immunity during this time.
It is very important to vaccinate a pet before vaccination, that is, to give him a remedy for worms. How much do you need anthelmintic dog before vaccination against rabies? This procedure is carried out 7-10 days before vaccination. It is necessary to give anthelmintic drugs before each vaccination - both before the first, and before the second, and then each time before revaccination.
The choice of drugs depends on the age of your pet. For puppies of 2-3 months, predominantly anti-ascaris agents are used. They are best purchased in the form of suspensions. Half an hour after giving the anthelmintic it is advisable to pour 1-2 ml of puppy from the syringe with vaseline oil and 5-10 ml for an adult dog. This will facilitate the process of removing dead worms from the intestines. The deworming procedure is usually repeated every other day, but this depends on the particular drug. For deworming puppies, you can purchase these drugs:
Dogs older than 6 months can also be given pills. They use:
How to get a rabies vaccine
Before vaccination, a veterinarian examines the dog, measures its body temperature, listens to the owner's complaints. In some cases, you may need additional studies, such as a complete blood count. If there are no contraindications to vaccination, the selected vaccine is administered to the animal according to the instructions for the preparation. Where does a dog get a rabies vaccine? Most rabies vaccines are given intramuscularly, for some drugs, subcutaneous administration to the area of the withers is also allowed.
After the introduction of the vaccine, the veterinarian makes a note in the veterinary passport of the dog, which indicates the date of vaccination, the name of the vaccine, its series and the expiration date. Sometimes a passport label is pasted into the passport with such information. In any case, all data are certified by the signature of the veterinarian and seal.
Actions after vaccination
Do not leave the veterinary clinic immediately after vaccination, but wait 15–20 minutes. This is the time when the most serious allergic reactions to the drug can occur. In this case, the vet will provide your pet with the necessary assistance.
After how much after a rabies vaccination can you walk the dog? At low risk of infection walk can not be limited. It should be borne in mind that protection against the disease is produced only after 21 days - this is the quarantine period for dogs after being vaccinated against rabies, if the risk of infection is high.
Is a dog contaminated after being vaccinated against rabies? No, after being vaccinated against rabies, the animal is unable to spread the virus, since all vaccines used are preparations based on killed microorganisms.
Can I bathe a dog after being vaccinated against rabies? Water procedures are best postponed for 2-3 weeks, so as not to provoke hypothermia and the development of complications in response to vaccination. Also, the dog needs to reduce the degree of physical activity.
Reaction to rabies vaccination in dogs
The introduction of rabies vaccine may be accompanied by various side effects and complications. No need to worry in the following cases:
- the dog once refused to feed
- single vomiting or diarrhea,
- a slight increase in body temperature (up to 39.5 ° C),
- after a rabies vaccination, a dog sluggish for one day.
After administration of the vaccine, a slight swelling or thickening may form at the injection site. If the bump on the withers of a dog after an inoculation against rabies does not increase in size, painless, then you should not worry. Such reactions are normal and swelling will disappear within 1–2 weeks.
Side effects of rabies vaccination in dogs for which you need to see a doctor:
- severe pain at the injection site,
- repeated vomiting,
- dyspnea, cyanosis of the tongue, redness of the ears,
- cramps or muscle twitches,
- strong weakness, lack of appetite,
- increase in body temperature by more than 1 degree from the norm,
- salivation, discharge from the nose or eyes.
Such reactions of the dog to rabies vaccination can occur if the procedure is performed using low-quality drugs, mistakes are made when administering the solution, or vaccination occurred during the latent period of another disease.
Rabies Vaccines for Dogs
The range of rabies vaccines is represented by Russian and foreign drugs. They are only inactivated - complex or monovariant. Which vaccine is better to use, decides the veterinarian. For review, we present a brief description of the existing vaccines.
- “Defensor 3” manufactured by Zoetis Inc, USA. In distressed areas for rabies, revaccination is performed once a year. In prosperous areas allowed to vaccinate animals 1 time in 3 years.
- Vaccine Nobivac Rabies for rabies for dogs and other domestic animals, produced by the Dutch company Intervet. Causes the production of immunity for up to three years. Enter once at three months of age, followed by revaccination after a year. In threatened areas, dogs are vaccinated twice: at 8 weeks and at 3 months.
- Rabizin (Rabisin) production Merial, France. After administration, immunity is formed for up to 36 months.
- "Rabikan" - domestic vaccine from the strain "Shchelkovo-51" for dogs and cats, the manufacturer - FKP "Schelkovsky Biokombinat". Dogs are vaccinated from two months of age. Gives an early immune response - after 5-7 days after administration. With a single immunization protection lasts for a year, with double immunization - for two years.
- Biocan R, manufacturer - Bioveta, Czech Republic. The first vaccination in 3 months, revaccination in a year. The vaccine is liquid, it can be used as a diluent for other vaccines of the same manufacturer.
- Rabix is a vaccine for rabies dogs produced by VetBiohim LLC. It is introduced twice to puppies from 8–12 weeks of age and previously unvaccinated against rabies in adult dogs, with an interval of 21–28 days. Can be used in conjunction with a series of vaccines "Multikan" and "Asterion" produced by LLC "Vetbiochem".
Comprehensive vaccines that include rabies antigen:
- "Nobivak RL" ("Intervet", Holland),
- "Eurican DHPPI2-LR" (Merial, France),
- Biocan DHPPi + LR (Bioveta, Czech Republic),
- "Multikan-8" (Vetbiohim LLC, Russia),
- Hexadog (Merial, France),
- Primodog (Merial, France),
- "Asterion DHPPiLR" (Vetbiohim LLC, Russia),
- "Dipentavak" (Firm NPViZTS "Vetzverotsentr", Russia).
Summing up, we once again emphasize that, instilling a dog against rabies, you ensure the safety not only of your pet, but also of your family members. The first vaccination is given to a puppy at the age of three months, later a dog is revaccinated - in disadvantaged areas for rabies once a year, and in safe areas - every two years. These periods may shift slightly depending on the vaccine chosen.
What are vaccinations for a dog for?
Many diseases from which the vaccine can protect are lethal to the dog and dangerous to its owner. Among the most common infectious diseases include rabies, plague, parvovirus and coronavirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis, and some others. You can get a recommendation from the vet about what vaccinations are necessary for the dog.
Vaccination should be carried out within the specified time, the puppy has antibodies in the blood from the mother’s milk, which persists for up to 1.5 months. Then the defense weakens. At this point, the first vaccination is needed. It is necessary to protect the pet from dangerous diseases as early as possible, but it is impossible to vaccinate too early, the immune response may not be formed.
What to choose - our or imported?
Modern domestic vaccines receive high marks, but most veterinarians give preference for high-quality foreign vaccinesthat are time tested. Among them are the brands Nobivak and Eurican. Veterinarians generally do not consult with the owner about which vaccine to use. There is only a question of price. The veterinarian does not explain the mechanism of action on the dog's organism.
What are the vaccines for?
- Against plague it is better to vaccinate with a domestic vaccine, there have been cases of the disease after import. Vacchum, 668-KF, EPM are Russian anti-plague drugs.
- "Cultural anti-rabies phenol vaccine" - vaccine against rabies for dogs.
- "Parvovak" - a vaccine against parvovirus enteritis and viral hepatitis.
Foreign suppliers present a large number of choices. multicomponent vaccines.
Its difference from the vaccine is that it gives short-term passive immunity. In their composition contains ready-made antibodies. Serums are used in the treatment, but not for the prevention of disease.
Preparation for vaccination and its cost
To be vaccinated at home or in a clinic? This question concerns many owners. The clinic put a stamp, the procedure is cheaper. Sometimes they do not follow the rules for storage of vaccines. The ideal option would be to call a proven doctor to a house from a good clinic. A veterinarian can take a passport with him and put a stamp in the clinic. A puppy, defenseless against infections, will be safe in a calm environment.
How much do vaccinations for dogs cost? In Moscow call the vet home for vaccination will cost from 500 to 2500 rubles, depending on the vaccine. In veterinary clinics the cost of vaccinations for dogs from 300 to 1000 rubles, an average of 500 rubles.
Vaccination schedule for dogs
What and when do vaccinations for dogs? First vaccination puppy is carried out against enteritis or against hepatitis. You can use bivalent vaccine. Revaccination is carried out in 10-14 days. This vaccination is tolerated easily. Two weeks later, sustained immunity is produced. A year later, the vaccination is repeated.
In 2.5 months a vaccine against the plague. You can not walk with a puppy for 3 weeks after vaccination. Re-vaccinate a puppy in 6-7 months, when the growth of permanent teeth ends.
In 8 months are being vaccinated against a rabies dog. It can be done from 6 months, but because of the anti-plague revaccination, it can only be done at this age. How often does a dog get a rabies vaccine? The next vaccination should occur 12-13 months after the previous one.
Re-vaccination from most diseases held every year.
For puppies polyvalent vaccinations, from a wider range of diseases. From the most dangerous diseases, the owner is simply obliged to protect his pet.
Veterinarians may offer their vaccination options. The most popular is presented below. For convenience, the proposed table.