The most poisonous and dangerous frogs


Which of earthly creatures is considered the most poisonous? Snakes, fish, spiders - all of them occupy the second and the following places, on the first - poisonous frogs of South and Central America. Their poison is ten times more toxic than snake, and harmful substances exceed the power of cyanide potassium. The most poisonous frog in the world, capable of killing a dozen people, is a woodcreep (or listolaz) awful. And the sign "terrible" is part of the official name of the reptile.

Appearance signals that the tree frog is poisonous and there are no enemies for it. Bright screaming coloring catches the eye and foresees, although the frogs themselves are small in size. Their weight is only 3-4 grams. The smallest representatives, such as the little wood tree and the blue wood tree, have even less weight. Charming kids are painted in all colors of the rainbow - from bright yellow to blue with red spots. It is the color that signals that you can not touch the reptile! Fortunately, the most poisonous frogs live only in the tropical jungles of America. Despite all the danger, thousands of lovers acquire such dangerous creatures for their terrariums.

The number of species surprises with its diversity, only woodcreeps number up to 130 subspecies. They all lead an active day life, and sleep at night. In the daytime, poisonous frogs hunt for ants, worms, termites and other insects. According to scientists, it is the diet of amphibians that affects the high degree of toxicity of their poison. Hundreds of alkaloids, which can be found on the skin of brightly colored frogs, enter the body just with food.

It is enough to touch the frog's skin to get an instant poisoning from a poison containing more than 100 deadly highly toxic components. This mixture has nerve and cardiotonic effects. A person receives a dose of poison through minor injuries on the skin, as well as through the pores, while toxic substances are instantly absorbed, flow to the heart, causing paralysis and death within a few minutes. Scientists have calculated that one gram of leafolase poison is enough to kill a thousand adults.

This property is used by the Indians for hunting arrows. Now science has found out for sure that only 5 species of tree-dwarfs produce deadly alkaloids - batratotoksiny. But during the maintenance of these species in the terrarium, the amount of toxins on the skin sharply decreased. And in the captive-born woodcreeks, they were not even detected at all. Poisonous frogs are not aggressive, and therefore do not pose a threat to humanity, since with mass breeding the poison becomes less dangerous. The best means of protection is simply not to touch.

For science, poisonous frogs are a huge field for research and experiments, in the process of which fundamentally new medical preparations can be obtained. In particular, we are talking about painkillers, which are stronger than morphine, antibiotics, means to stimulate cardiac function. While doctors of science are fighting for new drugs, tree frogs and leaf climbers fight for life on the planet, killing people and animals who have dared to touch them through carelessness with poison.

African poison frog

African dangerous frog in their homeland is also called "coco". This name was given to this beautiful amphibian by African Indians. They have the smallest poisonous frogs, which are three centimeters long. However, these amphibians are the most poisonous and dangerous on earth. In addition to the South African contingent, these frogs can be met in America and Madagascar.

However, despite the strongest poison, Africans strive to catch these frogs. And all because they have the strongest and most valuable, and, accordingly, the most expensive poison in the world. In terms of its composition, the poison of the coco frogs is stronger than the tetrodotoxin of poisonous puffer fish, the poison of the king cobra. Even potassium cyanide is in no comparison with the poison released from the frogs. Anyway, the frog does not immediately produce toxins, but gradually.

Bicolor phyllomedusa

Phyllomedusa two-colored - another species of amphibious dangerous frogs. It is a species of frog in the Amazonian forests. Against the background of exotic body of a frog looks even more attractive and strongly striking. Bright color - the frog's trump card, the one who touches it, receives a strong dose of poison, after which the living creature begins to distort and in terrible convulsions and hallucinations dies. The tribes living in the forests of the Amazon do not fear the poison of two-color phyllomedusa, they use it to go into trance during dances and rituals.

Golden frog

Golden Frog (a different name) is a terrible listolaz, lives on the coasts of the Pacific Ocean (Colombia). This species of frogs likes heat and water, so it settles more in tropical forests, where there is a constant heat and frequent torrential rains. At the same time, the golden frog prefers to live in highly humidified air (up to 90%). In the tropics, in the forest, these amphibians never live alone, in one group there are 5-6 individuals. Despite a rather innocuous color, small size and calm behavior, many believe that the golden frog is not so dangerous. But it was not there. The terrible listolaz living in the wild is the most dangerous reptile. There has even been one case of death in history. One person only touched the golden reptile-beauty, and death came instantly.

What is the reason for the danger of a terrible gold leafworm? The skin of this species of amphibians is completely covered with alkaloids called batratotoksin. It is found on the body of deadly frogs - tree frogs, however there are few of them. The yellow beauty frogs of batrachotoxin are many times larger. Batrachotoxin is one of the strongest poisons, does not include the protein form. This steroid alkaloid, with minimal contact with the human body, immediately blocks vital organs, primarily the nervous system, which is completely paralyzed, under the influence of poison due to the suspension of the transmission of impulses in the body. Immediately develop severe arrhythmia and heart failure.

Poisonous woodworm

Wood frogs are considered to be another family of very dangerous amphibians. There are over a hundred subspecies of tree-dwarfs, and they are all poisonous. All the skin of these amphibians in the poisonous glands. One such poisonous minimal excretion is enough to kill a cheetah on the spot. Just like batrachotoxin, the poisonous substance of the tree frogwood does not have a protein form, therefore it is a highly active substance. In no case should you touch this poison without thick, special gloves. Even one small cut, wound or scratch can provoke poison into the human body and poison it. Instant action of the poison occurs even when it enters through a tiny crack on the body of a living being. He penetrates the bloodstream, and there is already complete paralysis. Until now, science has not invented an antidote to the deadly potion of the tree frog, so that there is no slightest chance for an organism in which there is even a drop of poison.

Three-strip listolaz

We want to bring to your attention a group of poisonous amphibians, which, in addition to the fact that they can harm the human body, can still greatly help it. For a long time, the tribes that lived side by side with poisonous frogs were not only not afraid of them, but also learned how to extract useful properties from them. One of these poisonous frogs, "rescuers" is a deadly amphibian three-strip leaf climbers. This tiny but incredible poisonous living thing lives in Ecuador. Their poison is so strong that it instantly kills any living thing on Earth.

However, in the last century, scientists and researchers came to the conclusion that there is an urgent need to breed these dangerous, but then such beautiful frogs by artificial means. The need to breed these terribly poisonous reptiles arose in the fact that, using only competent and correct dosage, it is able to act on the human body with severe pain much more intensively than morphine. It was for the sake of this natural painkiller that three-strip leafworms began to be harvested and bred for medical purposes.

What is so terrible terrible listolaz?

The most important feature of the golden frog is that the danger when meeting it does not lie in the teeth, poisonous sting or toxic fluid injected at the moment of danger. This amphibian is poisonous all surface of the skin, it is covered with so many toxic substances - batrachotoxinthat it is enough for poisoning with a tragic outcome of more than ten people. And it doesn’t matter if someone tries to hurt her or just accidentally touches it - it is deadly! Poison, falling on the victim, blocks the nerve channels, has a paralyzing effect on the muscles, including the heart, so death from heart failure or arrhythmia occurs.

TerriblePhyllobates terribilis.

For centuries, the indigenous peoples of Colombia used this poison to smudge arrowheads, but the most striking thing is that the toxin retains its terrible properties for up to two years! It is known that if any animal just sits on the place where the terrible listolaz was located before, then its death is inevitable. There can be as little as one milligram of batrachotoxin on a single frog, but that amount is enough to kill two elephants. With its bright colors, the frog warns everyone: "Carefully - I am very dangerous!"

Horrible listolaz, seemingly ordinary, small harmless frog.

What are the features of the structure of the golden frog

Terrible listolazy very rarely reach sizes more than five centimeters in length. One of the features of frogs of this species is their lack of membranes on their legs. But at the fingertips there are disc-shaped extensions, similar to suckers, with the help of which they climb trees. In addition, these frogs, unlike all other members of the genus, have bone plates in the lower jaw — the rudiments of the teeth. Also curious is the fact that these amphibians do not tolerate even short-term hunger strikes. They have to eat often, otherwise just a three-day lack of food can destroy them.

The poison of this harmless amphibian is extremely toxic..

Lebolase habitat - tropical rain forests, their lower tier, where they live in small groups and lead a daily life. Usually their “family” consists of four or five females and only one male, because males have a pronounced sense of ownership and fight with each other for territory. Their confrontation is expressed in the following way: males compete first with a voice, reproducing short trills from several minutes to several hours, and if no one is inferior, then everything ends with a real scuffle, reminiscent of free-style wrestling.

Terrible list climbers are caring parents and excellent hunters.

Another feature of these amphibians is that they spawn on land, and not in the water, like most of their relatives. In dark and wet thickets, the female lays 15 to 30 eggs and considers her mission accomplished - she is removed. The father remains near the eggs, he guards them, pours water, periodically mixes his hind legs. A few days later, when tadpoles appear, Dad places them on his back and goes to the pond.

Awful listolaz - poisonous yellow frog.

Two or three weeks tadpoles develop in the aquatic environment, and then frogs are born. Now they can go on land and begin an independent life, but still young individuals continue to live with their parents or not far from them for a rather long time. This can continue until the moment when the grown frogs themselves are ready to create their own "family".

Interesting is the fact that the golden poisonous frog never uses its terrible poison for hunting, feeding on mites, small ants, bugs and other insects. By nature, she is a peaceful creature, and her formidable weapon - a poisonous toxin - serves only for self-defense.