In this article I will tell about pugs and care for them. Analyze the nature of the breed and who is best to start such a dog. What food set you need for a diet. How to care and breed pets.
The history of the appearance of the breed belongs to ancient China, where dogs lived in the homes of nobles. There is a version that modern dwarf pugs are descended from pug-like ones called Lo Jie.
If a pug meets breed criteria - participate with him in exhibitions
Description of breed standards - color, height, weight, size, life expectancy
Characteristics of the body, paws: the body is small, square and stocky, unlike the same terrier, the height at the withers is equal to the length of the body. Paws are located far from each other, muscular.
Tail: The tail is thick, fits tightly to the back.
Head and description of the structure of the skull: the pug's skull should visually fit into the square, look flat between the ears. Marriage is a bulging (apple-shaped) skull and holes under the eyes. The muzzle is not upturned, dull and short. When viewed from the side, the forehead should not bulge, the nose is small, straight. The folds on the face should form a figured figure.
Ears, eyes: V-shaped ears, adjacent to the muzzle. Eyes of large size, round in line with the nose.
Wool and its color: short hair, beige or black, rarely white, red.
The maximum age of 14 years, the average life expectancy of a dog of this species is 10 years.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Appearance is very attractive
- Light character
- Ease of care,
- Can live in an apartment.
- Poor health,
- Do not like long walks, get tired quickly,
- Stubborn during training,
- Requires constant presence of the host.
How to walk a dog
Until you get all the vaccinations, you can not walk. After vaccinations, you can take out from 5 to 6 times a day for 10 minutes and train to go to the toilet outside. There is one more restriction: you cannot give a puppy a load of up to 7 months (control his movements, do not allow him to go down the stairs or jump from different heights).
Peculiarities of nutrition - what to feed, how much dry food you can, what to give to drink
Puppy must be fed often and little by little. Up to 2 months the number of feedings will be 6 times a day, up to 4 months - 4 times a day, up to 6 months - 3 times. An adult dog can be fed 2-3 times a day.
Be sure to in the diet should contain natural products (meat, vegetables, fruits, cereals, dairy products). Watch for a bowl of water so that it does not become empty and change the water daily so that the pet can drink. Do not forget about vitamins, they can be part of the feed.
It’s impossible to feed from the table for two reasons: it will get used to such nutrition, it will continuously watch you when you eat, begging for a tasty morsel and the dog may gain excess weight and then it will weigh more than 6-8 kg.
Care and moult domestic dog
The conditions of detention should allow the dog to be combed out in a normal period once every 2 weeks. During the molt daily care for hairy pets (molt lasts no longer than 3 weeks).
Watch out for the absence of fleas, because your pet can bring a similar gift on wool. In this case, buy a special tool and process the dog, having read the information in the instructions, and then put on an anti-flea collar.
The conditions of the apartment and walks of adult animals
A pug is an indoor dog that cannot be planted in an open-air cage, much less on a chain. In winter, the dog will freeze. They feel great in the apartment and in the country house. Before you bring a puppy into the house, prepare the space for a new tenant and get everything you need for a four-legged friend.
The nature of the girls and boys pugs
A pug is a dog of that breed that doesn’t need a long walk, where he runs along with other people's pets. Representatives of the breed are prone to lazy home sleep. Of course, the puppy will be active, but as it grows and matured, it will move to a passive way of life.
Previously, this breed was considered a boy. Calm and balanced character multiplied by love and loyalty to the owner will do their job. He is considered a companion dog and will roam around you throughout the apartment, sharing your concerns. As soon as you start a puppy give it a name. Girls and boys pugs will grow well if they feel their need for a host.
A curious and attentive, friendly and affectionate pet does not suit people who are often busy with work and business trips. As well as people who prefer an active lifestyle.
The training of this type of pet.
Pugs are stubborn and badly predisposed to training, no matter how much they persuade them. However, it is possible to teach while the dog is small. The dog must know the main commands, respond to the nickname and be trained in cleanliness.
But you can train a dog at home if you have patience and devote 30 minutes a day to training.
Particular attention should be paid to the breed diseases of pugs:
- Problems with breathing and joints,
- Knee cap problems
- Eye problems
Pugs need to do all the required vaccinations (it is better to print a table for yourself, so as not to forget):
- 1 vaccination at 8 weeks (against diseases such as plague, hepatitis, adenovirosis,
- parvovirus, leptospirosis),
- 2 vaccinations at 12 weeks (all of the above diseases + parainfluenza, rabies),
- 3 vaccinations (plague, hepatitis, adenovirosis, parvovirus, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, rabies) are done every year.
The price of a puppy, a list of nurseries, important information before buying
Nurseries are located throughout Russia, here is a list of the most famous:
- "Dogs in black",
- "Klopsiki Mopsiki",
- "House Ushkova"
- "Shani Shan",
- "From a decent family",
- "Gold Nefertiti".
When buying a puppy, pay attention not only to its appearance, but also to the coordination of movements, activity, state of health, relationships with colleagues. You can take a puppy from mom and bring it to a new home without prejudice to the health of the pug after 45 days from the moment of birth, then it will grow in a new home calmly.
Check all documents before purchase, often fraudulently, when a similar puppy is given out for a thoroughbred pug.
The peculiarity of breeding pugs can be called compliance with the breed criteria when choosing a dog or bitch in a couple, otherwise the puppies will be defective and will be sold at a cheap price.
As you have already noticed, the pug is not for everyone. However, if you are among the lucky ones - get a pug without a doubt!
Rare representatives of the breed are black pugs. On the paintings of the Brekelenkam, dated 1653, there are dogs of this color, however, this species was able to enter the breeding breeding only in 1886. Until this period, such individuals were rejected as non-standard litter. The difference from the relatives is manifested not only in the color of wool, but also in a brighter temperament.
Caring for a pet should be shown in regular care of the dog's coat and skin. Well, if the owner uses a special makeup. At least once a week, all the folds of the pet are carefully wiped, the ears are cleaned and the claws are trimmed. Wool can be combed every day using a simple rubber brush - dogs love it very much.
How to choose a puppy from a litter?
Little pugs should be chosen intuitively. Potential owner, inspecting litter, can rely on their own emotional perception. A puppy that will become a favorite pet often takes a step forward.
Experts recommend to take into account factors such as pedigree dogs, character, disadvantages and advantages of the breed itself. It is better to first consult with the breeder who will professionally select the right puppy.
If a dog is acquired for participation in various exhibitions or breeding, the choice should be as thorough as possible. A puppy must fully comply with the standard, have a good pedigree. You can bring to the choice of third-party highly qualified dog handler. With an experienced eye, he will appreciate the "champion" perspectives of the young dog. When a pug is just a pet, such efforts are not so relevant, you can even take a puppy as a gift.
Collective puppy portrait
A pug that can be described with characteristics such as dedication and courage, tirelessness and endurance, is certainly a boy. Many people like the society of a dog, its cheerfulness and activity inspire. Their breed type is more pronounced, they are “more elegant”, with a wider bone, and therefore larger. However, a pug-boy from an early age is stubborn, which requires certain actions from the owner. The owner will definitely need to show their will and character. The dog must feel its place.
The pug girl is calmer, lazy and friendly. She is obedient and always affectionate with her masters. Bitches are more intelligent, easily adapt to the conditions of detention, they have a higher intelligence. However, girls are very cunning and not so unfailing. Appearance of girls is not so bright, which, however, does not detract from their prettiness.
If the dog is purebred, exhibits can be very useful. Their advantages:
- harmonious development of a pet,
- pet participation in breeding activities,
- give the dog confidence.
You can start a career with 4 months. Do not despair if the first time your team suffered a failure. At various exhibitions there are different experts and opinions, so the result of the next performance may turn out to be excellent. Victory will be so enticing! Dogs with pedigree are allowed to the shows. Pugs, the characteristic of which does not meet the established standards, can participate in the program out of competition.
How much is such a treasure?
Pugs without pedigree can be purchased for 5-6 thousand rubles. A dog that appeared in the litter from pedigreed parents, according to all the rules of breeding, will cost much more. Purebred representatives can be estimated at 35 thousand rubles for a puppy. A pug whose price is below 15 thousand rubles cannot have a pedigree - this is the practice in the capital and in the regions.
Weight: ideally 6-8 kg.
Height at withers: 28 - 32 cm.
Color: black, silver, beige, apricot. With a clear contrast between markings and color. Possible marks: "diamond" on the forehead, ears, mask, moles on the cheeks, claws and "belt" on the back.
Wool: not tough, not fluffy, not long, shiny.
This breed of dog is compact and solid. And the most important thing for the breeder is the preservation of the breed type.
There are three types of pugs:
- Terrier type (lightweight). It is characterized by a long neck and an extended straight torso. Currently considered the most attractive.
- Bulldog kind of. The difference is too wide torso and slanting shoulder blades. Associated shoulder blades and barrel forelimbs are possible.
- Sharpein type (the most unacceptable). Too beefy dog with lots of folds. This is done in order to hide the wrong or elongated topline. Unfortunately, in the 90s pugs - Shar Pei even received awards at exhibitions.
The pug is a balanced dog. It should be stocky, not fat or skinny, and have strong muscular development, and not be obese.
Breed description and character
Amazing appearance and exotic color pugs are unlikely to leave anyone indifferent. Their boundless benevolence and insane love for children allow these dogs to become favorites in any society.
Pugs extremely playful and sociable. Chasing foliage, whirling in the wind, or the first winter snowflakes, the dog resembles a small child, a funny spark escaping from a fire. She is able to infect all those around her with her fun.
Dogs of this breed are very persistent. They can easily show their master what they want, and not understand them in this very difficult.
When training should not raise your voice. Pug can pretend that he suddenly deaf, or instantly transform and look as if he had just been beaten. Distinguished by intelligence and wit, these dogs, like the husky, stand out special stubbornnesstherefore, it is problematic to teach something to a new adult.
These dogs protect the owner and his family members selflessly, they become quite aggressive and can significantly bite the offender.
The basis of their character is dedication and kindness. By loyalty to the owner, they are not inferior to another small dog, the Chihuahua. Leave one for a long time such a dog can not. All the time spent without a host, the pug will suffer, demonstrating it with his whole appearance.
Dog for lazy
According to the pug, everything should be in the proper places. If something does not suit him, he immediately takes a fighting stance and is filled with loud barking. As soon as "everything returns to normal", the pug will yawn, sneeze and move to its place.
Pugs live an average of 13 - 15 years.
Choosing a puppy
Acquire purebred dogs recommended in nurseriesby asking for help from professionals. Although, due to its specific appearance, it is difficult to confuse the pug with another breed, but an inexperienced person will not see small deviations from the standard.
You can contact a good breeder. A puppy that has documents confirming its pedigree will have the opportunity to participate in exhibitions and the chance to become a champion in the future.
Should pay attention to health and character the intended pet. It should be:
- do not be cowardly
- have clean, odorless ears,
- funny clear eyes
- White teeth,
- anemic gums and tongue
- no bad breath
- wool without dandruff (a sign of rickets), shiny.
Average cost - 13-14 thousand. rubles. The minimum cost of a puppy from the nursery - 15 thousand. rubles.
For 10 - 12 thousand. You can buy a pug with the documents, but not from the exhibition of famous parents.
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Lichen. What it is? How to treat it? Read the answers here.
Pug need daily walks at least 2 times a day, otherwise there is a chance to grow "Shar Pei". The dog must sometimes run without a leash. Jogging on a loose surface (gravel, rubble, sand) is recommended. After walking with warm running water, rinse the genitals and paws of the pet.
In the care of a pug unpretentious. Every day, you need to wipe the wool with a stiff brush or cloth, eyes - with a cotton swab soaked in sleeping tea, clean your ears regularly. Pay special attention to the crease above the nose. It is recommended to wipe all the folds with cotton pads dipped in any children's lotion (without alcohol).
It is necessary to bathe a pug once every 2 - 4 weeks. After the procedure, wipe the dog with a towel and dry it with a hairdryer (with a weak stream of not very hot air).
Unpretentious and loyal
In food, pugs are unpretentious. In order to avoid overeating, they should be fed 2 - 3 times a day in medium portions. With natural feeding, 2/3 of the pet's ration should be meat.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
TO merits include:
- love for children,
- strong shedding
- breathing problems (snoring),
- propensity for obesity,
- allergic reactions are possible.
Finally I want to note:
- Pugs should be protected from overheating, hypothermia and drafts.
- Due to abundant molt, the breed is not recommended for people suffering from allergies.
- Ideal for a family with small children.
- Even in a cramped city apartment, the pug will feel quite comfortable.
How to feed a pug: diet features
Pugs are very attached to their owner, and therefore can follow him everywhere and always, without leaving him for a minute. But in order for a pug to stay healthy and cheerful, he needs to organize the right care, and most importantly - nutrition.
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Breed history and country of origin
Pugs are the oldest Chinese breed of dogs, but no one knows the history of its formation is certainly unknown, and who was the ancestor of the pug. But there is an assumption that they originated from the Pekingese. For a long time, the main mission of these dogs — almost three thousand years — was to escort their master. Pugs, unlike Pekingese, could be kept in rich houses.
In 1553, the pugs "arrived" in the French lands and immediately won the love of the ladies from high society. The dog has become a luxury item, which everyone wanted to get.
Pugs arrived in Russia only in the early 80s of the last century. Then only a few animals were imported, but today pugs are one of the most popular and common companion dogs.
The main characteristics of the breed, photos
Мопсы – и изначально, и сегодня – относятся к группе декоративных собак-компаньонов. It is a stocky but compact animal of small stature. The dog has a well-developed muscles and looks strong.
Growth of pugs by breed standards is not described, but on average they are no higher than 30 cm. Weight becomes the main indicator for this breed: the indicator must strictly fit in the range of 6.3 ... 8.1 kg.
- Head. Round, but should not resemble a ball. The forehead is high. Orbits are clearly pronounced. The back of the nose is short, not turned up.
- Teeth. Smooth. Bite bulldog.
- Nose. Black, resembles a button, medium size.
- Eyes. Large, round, slightly convex. The iris is dark brown.
- Ears. Triangular, semi-erect, small. The standard allowed two forms of ears: ears-buttons (the tips fall on the face) and a rose (the tips slightly tilted back).
- Body. Downed, strong, resembles a square. The neck is wide, the back is even, the chest is well developed, the waist is not expressed.
- Limbs. Harmonious in relation to the body length, wide, placed under the body. Dewclaws must be removed.
- Tail. Small. In the ideal wrapped in two ringlet. Set high, pressed to the back.
Type of coat and acceptable colors
The coat should completely repeat the outline of the dog’s body, including all folds. Ostev hair is short, tight, but soft. It should not bristle or look easy.
According to the standard, the pug face must have a black mask, “moles” and markings on the ears. Dark markings on the back and forehead are permissible.
Pug dogs can have three color options: black, beige (apricot) and silver.
The standard allowed the following colors:
- solid black,
- beige and apricot,
- silver. It is very important that it does not turn into white.
Interesting! At the beginning, only pugs with silver or sand color of wool were allowed to breed.
How does a pug differ from a bulldog
Pugs have a rather extravagant appearance, but very often dogs of this breed are confused with French bulldogs. And if an experienced dog breeder can distinguish one dog from another without any difficulties, then newbies often get confused, especially if the dog is not clean blood.
The difference between breeds is as follows:
- Appearance. Both dogs look square and small in size. But the bulldogs have erect ears, a rounded shape, and a broken tail. In addition, they have powerful jaws. The pugs have a tail pretzel, and the ears hang. Most often these dogs are confused because of the peach color of the coat and the black mask on the face, which are typical for both breeds,
- Character. Bulldogs are more active and playful, unlike pugs. Dogs of both breeds are strongly tied to the owners,
- Content. Animals of both breeds are intended for domestic keeping, but pugs are more accurate.
The pug is different from the French bulldog character: pugs are more calm and slow.
Character and training
Pugs are very calm by nature, and you should not expect increased activity from the pet. Leisure time dog loves to spend on his couch or climbing on a soft sofa. The pug prefers to follow the owner only with his eyes.
Sometimes an animal experiences tides of energy, which turns it into a real hurricane. But this is not for long - an active dog stays just a few minutes and then goes to sleep with a sense of accomplishment.
Pugs possessing a soft and friendly character, respond well to the presence of strangers in the house. The dog is ideal for families with children and people who prefer to spend time on the couch watching TV. But at the same time, the animal still needs daily walking.
How to train a pug team
Pug training is one of the most important parts of raising an animal. Obedient pet, who understands the requirements of the owner, greatly facilitates his life. To get a raised dog, it will take an effort.
Pugs are rather slow-moving dogs, so calm and short-lived workouts are suitable for him.
Begin classes should be immediately after the puppy in the house. The dogs are smart enough and flexible, so there is no need to contact professional dog specialists for help. And, nevertheless, to raise a raised pug out of a mischievous puppy, you will have to make considerable efforts.
Important! The first lessons are learning the puppy's name and training for the bedding (Team Place). If this is not done, the pug will sleep in the master's bed. Pet can be accustomed to go to the tray.
After the dog has mastered the basic skills, you can proceed to the basic training. A well-educated pug should know such commands as “no”, “near”, “me” and others. During training, the dog must be encouraged to treat.
Keeping and caring for a pug
Pugs are incredibly convenient for keeping in a city apartment. The animal must be allocated a quiet place, for example, in the corridor or one of the rooms. Placing a pet in the kitchen is highly undesirable.
The litter on which the dog sleeps must be periodically cleaned. The couch itself should be located away from the batteries, but be protected from drafts.
After walking the pug be sure to wash their paws with warm running water.
Pugs are recommended to walk twice a day, providing the dog with sufficient physical activity. It's enough to play with her a little. Before you start walking with a puppy, you must accustom him to the collar and leash.
Pugs are short-haired breeds of dogs, so the care is not too complicated:
- Eyes pugs need to inspect daily. In a healthy dog, they shine and do not have purulent discharge.
- Ears in dogs are cleaned periodically, as far as pollution.
- After walking the animals need to wipe their paws.
- Trim the claws once a fortnight.
- Pugs need to regularly brush their teeth, accustomed to the puppy procedure from the very appearance in the apartment.
- To care for wool, you need to buy a brush with natural bristles and a grooming glove necessary to remove dead hair. Pug combing should be once or twice a week. During shedding more often.
It is often not recommended to bathe pugs, because bathing is used to wash the protective water-repellent film off the animal's fur. That it provides animal hair elasticity and beautiful shine.
Note! Bathing can be replaced with dry shampoo. The tool is gently rubbed into the wool, and then combed.
It is necessary to bathe dogs in warm, but not hot, water, using special dog shampoos. Do not use soap. Before you wipe the pug, you need to allow him to shake off independently and only after that wrap in a towel.
Pugs are not bathed more than once every 2-3 months; for this purpose, only special dog shampoos are used.
There are some difficulties in keeping pugs. Keep in mind the following:
- dogs cannot take long walks,
- due to the short nose, pugs are prone to colds,
- The eyes of a dog require constant attention.
Feeding pugs: make up the diet
In fact, puppy diet and adult dog diet is no different. The difference is the volume of one problem feed.
The dog can be fed:
- Traditionally. The pug will receive natural food - cereals, vegetables and meat.
- Dry feed. The ideal choice in the event that it is not possible to prepare food for the dog.
The basis of the diet is boiled meat. It should be dietary varieties: veal, beef, turkey, chicken. Offal and offal must be mixed with meat. Before giving, they are finely cut and mixed with crumbly porridges cooked from rice, buckwheat or rolled oats.
In addition, the dog should receive:
- Milk products. If an adult dog has indigestion after whole milk, then only fermented milk products should be left on the menu. Puppies at the age of 2 - 4 months should be given milk necessarily.
- A boiled egg is allowed once a week.
- Chopped boiled vegetables - cabbage, beets, zucchini and carrots - and fresh greens (dill and parsley). Entering them into the diet of the animal gradually, gradually mixing with meat porridge.
- Berries and fruits. This is a treat for the dog, which can be given as a snack between feedings.
The feeding regimen depends on the pug's age:
The pug can be fed with both natural food and dry food.
- up to two months - six feedings,
- two to four months four feedings
- four to six months three feedings
- six to ten months, two feedings.
Then the pug is fed twice a day: in the morning and in the evening.
Dogs should not be present in the menu:
- any products containing sugar or sweeteners,
- legumes and corn grits (the pug's digestive tract cannot digest them),
- grapes and raisins
- smoked meats, sausages,
- any types of pasta.
If it is decided to feed the pug with dry feed, then one should strictly observe the norm. Its manufacturer points on the packaging.
A pug is a short-haired breed of dog, and therefore needs walking clothes.
In winter, the dog must be worn in warm overalls. This will help protect the pug from colds, as well as hypothermia. Overalls can be replaced by a jacket and pants. It is also important to protect the paws of dogs, so it is necessary to purchase winter boots.
In the cold season, the pug is dressed in a warm jumpsuit, you can wear a dog's shoes in a hard frost.
In the spring and autumn, the pug will need a lightweight suit made from waterproof fabric.
Pugs are very sensitive to drafts, so you should take care of home clothes. These can be sweaters and T-shirts. During the summer walks, the pet's head must be protected from the hot sunshine by wearing a cap or a hat on his head and a T-shirt on his body.
Knitting, breeding and estrus in pugs
The first estrus in a pug begins when the dog reaches the age of six to ten months. But mating during the first heat is forbidden: the dog is not physically ready to bear healthy offspring. You can knit a bitch after fifteen months.
It is important to know! The average duration of estrus is three weeks. It comes about twice a year.
To mating pugs need to cook.
Before pairing, you must perform the following steps:
- de-worming (one month before mating),
- the dog should get all the vaccinations,
- if there is excess weight, then you need to reconsider the diet, the dog must lose weight to the norm.
Knitting a pug should be carried out for 10 - 13 days from the start of estrus. The case is carried out on the territory of the dog. For the reliability of the meeting of the dogs spend the next day.
Mating allowed dogs that have reached the age of 15 months, the bitch is brought into the territory of a dog.
You can determine a bitch’s pregnancy by her behavior: she becomes lethargic, sleeps and eats a lot, adds weight. It is advisable to show the dog to the veterinarian to confirm the pregnancy. Puppies will appear in two weeks.
Health and life expectancy
Pugs live with proper care for an average of 12 to 15 years.
Pugs have a predisposition to certain diseases, which is caused by the appearance and structure of the backbone of the dog:
- Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head (Perthes disease). Genetic Disease. Most often diagnosed in puppies aged 4 - 10 months. Manifested in hromonogosti, since poor circulation in the hip joint causes muscle atrophy. Treatment is prompt: the dog needs to remove the femoral head.
- Juvenile demodicosis. Genetic disease: if the disease was diagnosed in the mother, then the puppy is also very likely to be sick. Pathology, detected at an early stage, heals quickly enough. The dog requires a comprehensive treatment.
- Eye injuries. Most often, pugs suffer from loss of the eyeball. The animal needs the help of a veterinarian.
- Glaucoma (increased eye pressure). Symptoms at an early stage of the disease are redness of the rim of the eye, swelling of the eyeball, photophobia. If you do not treat the disease, the dog may go blind.
Who to choose: boy or girl
If there is a choice between a girl or a boy of this breed, it all depends on the purpose for which the animal is purchased.
Boys need to choose the case when the dog prepared an exhibition career. There are several reasons for this, but the main thing is the following: the dogs are always in the right shape, because they do not need to bear puppies, and then look after them and feed them.
Girls can also participate in exhibitions, but it is better to purchase them for breeding.
Puppies for an exhibition (show class)
Puppies in this case should meet the standards of the breed as much as possible. Experts recommend choosing boys, because they are always in the right shape.
A puppy should have:
- big head
- square body
- tail ringed, set high,
- coat color black or beige.
Buying a puppy show-class need at the age of 3.5 - 4 months. This is exactly the age when the appearance of the dog is fully manifested.
It is also necessary to examine the puppy's mother: after all, he receives many qualities from her. That is why you need to buy an exhibition puppy from trusted breeders or nurseries with a good reputation.
Puppies for home keeping
In this case, full compliance with the standards is not the main selection criterion. The puppy must be healthy, which must be documented.
Pug is desirable to buy in the nursery or from the breeder. This will be a kind of guarantee for the conservation of the breed. Who will the puppy - a girl or a boy - also does not play a special role. But it is worth knowing that girls are more agreeable than dogs.
You can buy a pug puppy in the following kennels:
- Moscow, Klopsiki Mopsiki nursery, http://klopsiki.ru/index.htm,
- Moscow, cattery "From Briosh Boulevard", http://pugs-briosh.com/.
The cost of a pug puppy depends on its class and varies from 300 to 800 dollars.
The price of a puppy depends on its class. So, a show-class pug will cost about $ 800. Breed-class puppies will cost $ 500 - $ 600, but simply for a pet will need to pay an average of $ 300.
Owner's reviews about the breed
Alyona. Pug lives with me for over a year. The dog is very funny, not a problem. The only thing I could not get used to for a long time was snoring.
Olga Pugs are very funny and do not grow big, which is a huge plus. This teddy pet can be easily maintained even in a small city apartment.
Irina. Pugs are not aggressive at all; they fit in perfectly with children. Will become the ideal companions for the elderly.
We offer for viewing videos about the unusual and popular breed Pug. Enjoy your viewing!
Characteristic breed pug
Pug - a small decorative breed, a dog is a companion. It is considered one of the most ancient breeds in the world. They are active and cheerful, love attention and affection.
Their origins are rooted in the early Chinese dynasty. These sociable kids were bred specifically for emperors.
In those days, they were the guardians of temples and were larger in size.
Breed perfectly adapts to the lifestyle of the owner. Love in the evenings to sit and watch TV, the pug will keep you company, sitting at your feet.
If you lead an active lifestyle, take the pug always with you on a walk. Watch only that the kid doesn't overwork and overheat in the sun.
Description of breed pug and standard MKF (FCI)
Country of Origin: China.
FCI classification: group 9. Ornamental and companion dogs. Section 11. Small molossoids. Without workers test.
Format: square, proportional.
Head: round, large, not “visible apple” (this form refers to the disadvantages). Seen from the front, the skull between the ears is flat. The forehead does not protrude above the brow ridges.
Muzzle: short, square, flattened, almost equal to the width of the forehead.
Wrinkles: clearly visible, ideally form a beautiful, symmetrical pattern. Bryl should not hang down.
Fold over the nose: solid, or intermittent. Too thick or thin violates the harmonious structure of the head.
Bridge: direct, slightly pronounced, the complete absence leads to problems with breathing, heart failure, fainting with strong agitation or physical exertion.
Nasal passages: shortened, but not twisted.
Nose: Black with well developed nostrils.
Lower jaw: wide, chin well defined.
Eyes: large, dark-colored, round, protruding, widely set on the same line with the nose. Slanted, almond-shaped or protruding are considered a fault.
Bite: dense undershot not more than 3 mm. The incisors of the lower jaw are located exactly - “ruler” and tightly overlap the upper incisors.
Ears: thin, small, soft, set on high, tight to the head.
Divided into two types:
- "Rose" - small, folded over his head, laid back, the inner part is open.
- "Buttons" - laid forward, the edges are tightly pressed to the head, close the inner holes.
Neck: slightly arched, strong, thick, of sufficient length, with a well-marked nape, the transition of the neck to the withers is smooth, the posture is proud.
Body: short, stocky with well-developed muscles. The length of the body of the pug is almost equal to the height at the withers.
On photo pug puppy black color
Chest: Broad, with well-arched ribs. The lower part of the chest is located not above the level of the elbows. The bottom line is slightly pulled to the hind legs.
Too wide, or "chicken breast" is considered a vice.
Forelegs: flat, strong, straight, well-developed muscles on the outside of the leg, form a smooth arc.
Расположены далеко друг от друга, плечи покатые. Локти плотно прилегают к телу и направлены строго назад. Pasterns slightly tilted.
The inclination of the scapula is 45 degrees, forms a right angle with the humeral bone. The length of the shoulder and shoulder are equal. When viewed from the front and the side of the sternum is well rolled out.
HINDQUARTERS: Strong, parallel, hips muscular, knee and hock joints clearly expressed.
Croup: Full, slightly rounded.
Tail: thick, set high, rolled up in a ring, pressed against the body, densely covered with hair.
A double ring is considered a virtue.
Wool: short, smooth, tight-fitting. Ostev hair is thin, smooth, shiny. The undercoat is soft, thick.
Pugs of black color have coarser wool than light-colored ones, skin of blue shade. Some individuals without undercoat.
Skin: elastic, closes prominent muscles, not loose, but not stretched.
Movement: springy, free, elegant.
- The black
- Pale yellow
- Abrikosovo - reindeer (with a dark stripe on the back)
Pugs of light colors have a contrasting black mask on the face, black markings on the cheeks, a rhombus on the forehead, black ears and a black “belt” on the back;
The pug is a lively, cheerful breed, has a noble, balanced and affectionate character.
Very loyal to the owner and his family. It is extremely rare to find nervous, cowardly, and aggressive individuals.
Small compact size allows you to keep a pug, even in a small apartment.
They love children and love to play with them. Not bad get along with other pets, but they themselves love to be the center of attention of everyone in the house.
Despite the small size, they are good and sensitive watchmen.
Perfectly amenable to training, these cunning at all ready for a piece of snack, and just love the praise from the owner. Therefore, trying to please him in everything.
Breeders believe that black-colored dogs are more energetic and wary, and white ones are loyal and calm.
Photo of a pug in a red scarf posing in the photo
Unlike the Chihuahua or the terrier, who do not always need to walk, the pug requires regular regular walking, 1–1.5 hours, twice a day.
Walk can be measured, or mobile. It is good to walk with him on the sand, in the summer, a run on the water will give the dog pleasure, in the winter you can run into deep snow. All these procedures are great for toning the muscles of the legs and body.
But the active walk should not exceed 30 minutes. In cold or hot weather, it will be enough for 10 minutes. A quiet walk can, lasts 1.5 hours.
Remember that a good muscular frame is not achieved by diet, and certainly not feeding, but regular walks and workouts.
The only small nuance that a pug can snore at night. But for many breeders it only brings pleasure.
Pug care and maintenance
Photo pug little puppy on the couch
The pug is a short-haired dog, with a dense undercoat, sheds. Shedding seasonal twice a year, lasts 2 -3 weeks. When keeping a pug in a room with dry warm air (an acceptable temperature of 20 - 25 degrees), molt can last year-round.
When frequent washing with shampoo, the presence of worms or subcutaneous parasites, malnutrition, this is not a moult, but the first bells about the health problems of your pet.
How to bathe a pug
It is not recommended often, unless it is polluted, or once every 2-3 months, the less often with shampoo (no more than once a month), the better.
On the skin there is a film that performs a protective function, and the wool is covered with skin fat, it is elastic and shiny from nature. Therefore, frequent bathing will wash away the natural protection.
Before washing, close the windows to avoid drafts. While swimming, make sure that the water does not get into your ears, dry the dog well after water procedures.
For cleaning, you can use dry shampoo. It is first rubbed into the coat, then well combed out.
To care for a pug's coat, you will need:
- Natural bristle brush
Caring for the folds on the face: after eating or walking, leftovers, dirt and dust accumulate in the folds, an unpleasant smell can emanate from this. 1-2 per week wipe them with dry cotton pads or wet wipes Ph neutral (can be found in the pharmacy), then wipe dry with cotton wool.
Every day it is impossible to wipe a fold, the natural microflora is disturbed, from which the infection develops. The more you wash, the more sebum is excreted.
It is enough to comb it once a fortnight with a brush from natural bristle, then wipe with sukkoy or a mitten.
Such procedures stimulate blood circulation, remove dead hair well, clean the hair from dust and dirt.
During the shedding frequency of procedures should be increased.
Pug photos in beautiful colors
Eyes: With a short face and large "on the roll out" eyes increases the risk of injury. The eyes of a healthy dog are brilliant, without souring and tearing. In the morning in the corners you can see clusters of white or gray, it just leaves the dust accumulated during the day.
Remove them gently with a soft cloth moistened with warm boiled water. Tea is not recommended in this case. Instead of water, you can use a decoction of herbs with anti-inflammatory properties, chamomile, or calendula. But make very weak broths.
During walks, do not let the mopsick run through the tall grass, the sharp edges of the blades of grass can injure the eyes. Do not let close to other cats, and for your own in the house doubly. Cat's claws are quite dangerous for the baby - bugle-eyed.
In the home first aid kit should always be ophthalmic drugs (drops of chloramphenicol, tetracycline eye ointment) and antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil).
The first serious signs of a pug's eye disease:
- Abundant tears
- Whitish spot
- Corneal opacity
- Dark spot on the cornea
- Eyeball prolapse
- The eye has swollen or reddened.
For any such symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately and never self-medicate.
Claws: Once a month, cut with a nail clipper, cut the ends with a nail file, so that there are no burrs. Always remember the fifth profitable finger. The claw on them is not erased when walking.
The long and twisted claw digs into the foot and causes discomfort to the dog.
Paws after walking wipe with a damp cloth and inspect for damage or cracks.
In the winter, wash the pug legs especially carefully after walking, so that the dog does not lick the reagent that is sprinkled with snow. In order to avoid cracks on the paw pads, rub vegetable oil into them, and include it in the dog's diet 1 tsp. in a day.
Ears: Inspect 1 time in 2 weeks. A healthy ear of a pleasant pink shade, without excess sulfur, and an unpleasant smell.
Using simple procedures, you can easily clean your pet's ears. Moisten a cotton swab or cloth in a solution of boric alcohol, and wipe the inside of the sink. They should dry well. You can then use powder for the ears, or a prophylactic liquid.
Due to the hanging ears in pugs, ear inflammation occurs, this simple procedure can prevent the disease.
Flea and tick remedies for dogs
- Drops on withers. 1 time per month must be treated with a means of skin parasites. The drug in the form of drops ("Frontline", "Advantiks"), which is applied to the area of the withers, in a place where the dog can not lick. Do not bathe the pug for 10 days, do not allow the children to be stroked on the first day. If this is not avoided, make sure that the kids wash their hands well with soap and water.
- Collar (effective with constant wear)
- Tablets (do not use without consulting a veterinarian)
After walking in the woods or the park, always inspect the skin of a pug for ticks. The benefit of their wool is short and it is easy to find the parasite.
If you find a tick, do not panic, they are not all carriers of piroplasmosis (a deadly disease for dogs). Put vegetable oil on it, in a couple of minutes the tick will loosen its grip, pull it out with the help of tweezers, as if twisting it from the skin.
Treat the wound with an antiseptic, and the next few days, monitor the health of the pug. If he is vigorous, active with a good appetite, there is no high temperature, then everything is fine with him.
But with these symptoms:
- High temperature (40 -42 degrees)
- Lack of appetite
- No water
- Brown urine
Seek assistance from a veterinarian immediately.
The future owner should approach the pug's food with full responsibility, since the breed is quite specific, often there is a tendency to be overweight, allergic, they have a rather sensitive digestion.
Of course, it is necessary to adhere to standard rules about dog nutrition, but to choose a diet, calorie content, portion volume, etc. follows individually for your dog.
From puppy age and up to the adult individual, the pug is fed according to the following scheme:
- 1 - 2 months - 6 feedings per day
- 2 - 4 months - 5 feedings
- 4 - 6 months - 4 feedings
- 6 - 12 months - 3 feedings
- After 1 year, the period of active growth ends, and the metabolism slows down, therefore an adult pug is fed 1-2 times a day.
- Pregnant females after 1 month of pregnancy, and breastfeeding moms are given one feeding (fed 3 times a day), especially if there are many babies
- In the period of active breeding in males
For pugs, there are two types of feeding: natural food or ready-made dry food. The main rule is never to mix naturalka and dry food in one feeding.
Pug puppies are best grown on ready-made feed, premium or super premium, as you will not be able to balance the necessary diet and vitamin complex, the necessary puppy for healthy growth and development. In addition, the breed is prone to allergies, and the most dangerous period of its identification - up to 1 year of life.
The number of servings for a particular age, see the table on the package, each feed is individual.
Be sure to follow the constant access to clean water, especially after meals.
Choosing natural food for an adult pug as a feeding, remember the benefits and harm of some products.
Useful products for the pug:
- Lean meat (turkey, rabbit, beef, venison) cut off any fat from meat or offal
- Chicken is considered an allergen, so gently put it in the complementary foods.
- Cereals (rice, buckwheat)
- Seasonal vegetables
- Apples (in moderation)
- Sea fish without bones
- Offal (kidneys, stomachs, scar) boiled or pour over boiling water
- Fermented milk products (kefir, low-fat cottage cheese)
Prohibited Pug Products:
- Pork and any fat meat
- Smoked meat
- fried food
- River fish
- Oatmeal (often in puppies causes problems with the gastrointestinal tract and leads to inflammation of the para-anal glands)
- Any bones, tubular bones of the bird (especially dangerous)