In all civilized countries, vaccination of dogs is a necessary condition for their maintenance. Without vaccination you will not take the dog on the road, it will not be allowed to participate in competitions and exhibitions. Every pet must have a passport with all the necessary data, including the vaccination. And this must take care of the owners of the four-legged friend.

Vaccination rules

According to veterinary specialists, the main function of vaccinations is to prevent the development of serious infectious diseases in the pet. Rabies, distemper, parvovirus and caronavirus enteritis, and others - all of these diseases threaten serious health problems, even death. Veterinarians often have to put dogs to sleep, although in the presence of vaccinations to such measures would not have to resort. Hence the conclusion - vaccination is vital for a pet.

For its implementation it is important to follow a few simple rules:

  • Only a healthy animal is grafted. To do this, before the procedure, the dog is examined.
  • For vaccination, an individual schedule of vaccination of dogs should be drawn up, based on the type and manufacturer of the drug. Only a professional doctor can do this.
  • Vaccinations are given to dogs regardless of their habitat. Street guards and home companions are equally at risk in the same percentage.
  • Before the procedure, the dog undergoes special training, which necessarily includes the reception of anthelmintic drugs and external treatment for fleas and ticks. During this period, it is also necessary to limit the contact of the pet with strangers, both people and animals, as much as possible. All this should be done two weeks before vaccination.
  • If the plans are mated, then the animal should be vaccinated 2-3 months before it. If this is not done, the risk of unhealthy offspring is greatly increased.

All rules are simple, and following them will help to carry out the procedure without any side effects.

Dog vaccination scheme

Based on the scheme, the first vaccination falls on a puppy's age from 8 to 9 weeks. Re-grafting assigned to a pet after three weeks. Earlier inoculation by veterinarians is not recommended, since the baby’s immune system, fed by the mother’s antibodies through the breast colostrum, does not develop on its own.

She also vaccinated after the puppy has changed all its teeth, that is, by five or six months. As soon as all vaccines are put in, the puppy leaves the quarantine state and is allowed to communicate with other animals. With age, the number of protective antibodies in a dog decreases, and by 1.5–3 months they become more vulnerable to infectious diseases.

In modern preparations for vaccinations contain less aggressive microorganisms than their natural forms, therefore, the reaction of protective mechanisms to their introduction can be formed only at the age of 2-3 months.

Sustained immunity to infection is formed only two weeks after vaccination. It should be borne in mind that at this time the baby’s body is in a weakened state and has a high susceptibility to infection by natural pathogens.

For some vaccines, repeated administration of the drug will be required, after the first vaccination, immunity will be formalized 2 weeks after revaccination. Then, for regular support of the immune system, vaccinations are put once a year.

Rabies vaccination, if the puppy lives at home and regularly walks in public areas, is done once for three to four months and then repeated once a year. Dogs kept in cages without access to other relatives are recommended to carry out this vaccine no earlier than nine months of age.

For the information of dog owners, puppies have a period in life characterized by an immune gap, at this time the immunity obtained from the mother's colostrum does not protect against external threats, and the vaccine vaccine has not yet formed. Puppy must be protected from sources of infection. It is necessary to exclude stressful situations, contacts with other animals, as well as to ensure that the baby does not overwork or overcool. You can’t take it outside, nor bathe it.

Pet, more than ever, at this time needs a balanced diet, enriched with vitamin complexes and minerals. After vaccination for one and a half weeks it is worth saving the puppy from long physical exertion and tiresome trips.

Vaccination is not a simple process, and it is important to watch the dog closely during the first 48 hours after its implementation. When possible complications should contact the veterinary clinic.

Dog vaccination price

The cost of vaccination consists of several factors:

  • vaccination is done at a veterinary clinic or at the patient’s home;
  • domestic or imported drug manufacturer,
  • which category the vet puts in the vaccine,
  • level of the veterinary clinic.

On average, the cost of vaccination is as follows:

  • The use of a polyvalent Russian vaccine (Multakan, Biovak) for dogs at home - 1100 rubles,
  • Use of polyvalent vaccine of foreign production (Nobivak, Eurikan, Vangard) at home - 1400 rubles.

Registration of the passport with veterinary marks on average will cost 150-200 rubles.

Inoculation of pets in the clinic will be cheaper by 500-600 rubles.

What vaccinations do puppy

One of the first to put vaccines against the following infections:

  • The distemper
  • Parvovirus enteritis,
  • Parainfluenza
  • Adenovirosis
  • Infectious hepatitis.

Later (at 12–14 weeks), dogs are vaccinated against rabies and leptospirosis.

From one month to six months, vaccines against microsporia and trichophytosis are put down.

Vaccine Varieties

Based on the basis of drugs, vaccines are divided into five types:

  • live attenuated (attenuated) - these vaccines include viable strains of pathogenic pathogens with a reduced ability to affect the body (Biwirovax, Multan, etc.),
  • killed (inactivated) - preparations are made from microorganisms that died as a result of chemical or physical exposure (Vacderm, Trivirokan),
  • chemical - are obtained by purifying antigens of pathogens from negative components using chemical and physical methods,
  • toxoids (toxoids) - vaccines that are made from previously neutralized toxic substances of pathogens (vaccinations against tetanus, botulism, etc.),

In addition to the already available vaccines, the development of more advanced (promising) means - genetically engineered, subunit, etc. is actively underway.

The composition and properties of vaccines are based on the following classification:

  • complex (they are associated, polyvaccines, etc.) - consist of several components, each of which forms immunity against one of the infections - Vanguard, Multikan, etc.),
  • divaccines (double) - form the immune defense at once against two infectious agents (Biwirovax, Multikan-2),
  • homologous - produced from a material obtained from the same animal species for which the vaccine is intended, have an advantage over other drugs, since they do not contain foreign proteins,
  • monovaccines - contain an antigen of the pathogen of only one infectious disease (Vacchum, etc.)
  • polyvalent, or in a different way - polystate - are made from several types of the causative agent of a single infectious disease (Leptodog, etc.)

Also vaccines are divided into types, depending on the method of use:

  • aerosols (inhalation) - introduced through the respiratory tract of the dog,
  • intravenous - put directly into a vein,
  • intramuscular - the drug is injected into the muscle tissue
  • subcutaneous - administration of the vaccine occurs in the skin layers,
  • intranasal - irrigate the mucous membranes of the nose,
  • conjunctival - the vaccine is injected into the conjunctival sac,
  • skin - applied to the skin with subsequent scarification,
  • oral - the vaccine enters the body through the mucous membrane of the digestive system.

When vaccinating small breeds of dogs, drugs for subcutaneous or intramuscular administration are more commonly used. Intravenous vaccinations are much less common because of the fear of allergies, including complications such as anaphylactic shock.

In any case, taking care of the pet, you should choose the most effective vaccine that reliably protects the baby from diseases.

Vaccination (public service)

The State Veterinary Service of St. Petersburg in 2018 provides dog owners with a comprehensive free service, including:

clinical examination of the animal immediately before vaccination,

deworming (carried out 10-14 days before the intended vaccination),

electronic tagging (chipping) - is performed immediately before vaccination, if the dog has not previously been chipped,

vaccination with complex vaccines (vaccines include rabies, species infections, leptospirosis),

registration of the animal with the issuance of a veterinary registration certificate (passport), if the dog has not previously been registered.

Draw your attention to: the service is provided to citizens who have St. Petersburg registration - you can contact any state veterinary clinic, regardless of where you register.

Vaccination puppies. rules

There are general rules for vaccination of domestic animals, which must be followed by everyone without exception:

  1. First, vaccination can only be done if the puppy (dog) is completely healthy,
  2. Secondly, at least 10-12 days prior to vaccination, it is necessary to carry out a deworming procedure, since the presence of helminths in the animal's body provokes a decrease in immunity, making the vaccine less effective,
  3. Thirdly, it is undesirable to carry out this procedure (vaccination of puppies) during the period of changing milk teeth: 3 -7 months.

We also recommend reading about vaccination of puppies in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia in the section Diseases.

Vaccination scheme

Next, let's look at how often vaccinations against rabies and other diseases are made. The first vaccination is given to a puppy at about two months of age. After three months, repeated revaccination is performed. It is not necessary to vaccinate a dog earlier, because the puppy's body so far contains a large amount of antibodies, which were obtained in the early years of its life with mother's colostrum. Gradually, this amount of antibodies decreases - and then the introduction of a vaccine may already be acceptable.

In the future, in order to maintain the immunity of the puppy / dog, re-vaccination is done once a year. It is especially important to vaccinate a puppy for rabies at the age of four months, then repeating this vaccination each year to fix it.

At the same time, a balanced nutrition of a puppy containing the right amount of vitamins and minerals is maintained. Ten days after vaccination, no supercooling or overheating is allowed; you should not build in too long trips. It is also worth watching the puppy's condition, assess how well he reacts to the vaccination, how well the puppy is doing well after vaccination. These questions are much more important than how much vaccination costs. But also pay attention to the latter.

Are there vaccines required by law?

Each state has its own laws governing the vaccination of dogs against rabies. In some areas annual vaccination against rabies is required, other countries require vaccination every three years. Nowadays, in the whole modern world, vaccination of dogs against rabies is a requirement of the law and the state. Do not forget to keep evidence of a dog rabies vaccine in your veterinary passport.

Issue price

Now consider how much vaccination costs on average. It is important to understand that prices are very indicative and vary greatly depending on the clinic in which they are made. Other factors play an important role, such as an example of which vaccine is applied, whether it is imported or domestic, and whether injections are made at home or outside the house.

Below is the approximate cost for metropolitan veterinary clinics. In the province, you need to lower prices by at least about a third.

  • Vaccination with a domestic vaccine at home (usually the Multukan or Biovac vaccine) can cost 1000 rubles and more.
  • Vaccination with an imported vaccine, such as, for example, the vaccine Vanguard, Nobivak, and so on, carried out at home, can cost up to one and a half thousand rubles.
  • If you do not vaccinate an animal for rabies, distemper and so on at home, but lead it to the clinic, this automatically reduces the cost of the procedure by approximately 500 rubles.

Each region will have its own price for the procedure, as well as each clinic will vary its prices. But the approximate cost is exactly that.

We give the average prices for vaccination of dogs in Moscow. Usually, in the regions the cost of this service is 20-30% lower

  • Vaccine BIOVAK - DPAL

Plague, parvovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, paragrip, leptospirosis

Plague, parvo-and coronovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, leptospirosis

Plague, parvo-and coronovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, leptospirosis, rabies

  • Nobivak DHPPi, Lepto

Plague, parvovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, paragrip, leptospirosis

  • Eurikan DHPPi + 2LR

Plague, parvovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis, rabies

  • Hexadog

Plague, parvovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, paragrip, leptospirosis, rabies

  • Dyuramun MAX-5 L / 4L

Plague, parvo-and coronovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, leptospirosis

  • Vanguard 7 (Vanguard 7)

Plague, parvovirus enteritis, inf. hepatitis, paragrip, leptospirosis

  • Nobivac Rabies

Where to get a free vaccination dog?

No matter how much the owner loves his pet, he does not always have the means to purchase expensive vaccines. Yes, of course, you can save and purchase domestic comprehensive vaccine or drugs intended for the prevention of only certain diseases, but the cost of this will not decrease much.

That is why many owners are looking for where they can get vaccinated dogs for free, and there are plenty of such places. In particular, the state animal veterinary clinics are engaged in free vaccination of animals. However, there are a couple of points that should be considered before contacting institutions of this kind.

Firstly, often free vaccination of dogs is done solely against rabies, since the disease is transmitted to humans as well. Secondly, most often this service is provided free of charge only in those areas that are considered disastrous in terms of the spread of rabies. Therefore, to get a full range of vaccinations for free is unlikely to succeed.

Nevertheless, state veterinary clinics are also a great place to try other vaccinations, since there are practically no different kinds of cheating for services, for consultation, and so on.

Of course, a high level of service should not be expected, as in any other state institution, but you will pay only for vaccination, and in most cases you will be offered the most effective and affordable drug. Thus, if you don’t make completely free vaccinations for your dog, you will save a lot of money.

House call - convenient and reliable

Now, vaccination of a puppy can be done at home. This service includes:

  1. Call a veterinarian at home.
  2. Inspection of the animal.
  3. Consultation on the upcoming vaccination.
  4. Registration of the relevant document (veterinary passport).

The veterinarian will detail vaccination procedures. As a rule, vaccinations are carried out in the following order:

  1. At the age of 2-3 months, dogs are vaccinated against the plague, parovirus enteritis.
  2. After the change of milk teeth, they are vaccinated against rabies.
  3. At the age of six months, dogs are vaccinated against hepatitis, parainfluenza and leptospirosis.

Vaccination of a puppy procedure is necessary and important. As a rule, how much the first vaccination costs a puppy may depend on various factors:

  1. The chosen vaccination time (remember that some veterinary clinics work around the clock).
  2. Vaccination venue (usually, a call to a veterinarian at home costs a little more than the delivery of a puppy to a veterinary clinic).
  3. Firm, manufacturer of a vaccine against one or another ailment.

So, the interval of the cost of the first vaccination can vary between 1000-2000 rubles.