Among domestic purrs, Maine Coon is considered to be the largest breed. A record holder in growth among his own kind - a cat named Stewie, who grew up to 123 centimeters. And in terms of weight, the three-year-old Rupert is recognized as the leader, having gained 9 kilograms at such a young age. And, as experts promise, for him this is not the limit. After all, the baby is still growing. In the future, Rupert has a good six kilos.
About many giants of feline domestic species is simply unknown. The owners do not advertise the parameters of pets. However, among the happy owners of furry households, the question often “walks”: “Until what age do cats grow?”
The answer may have several options, since puberty comes at the same age, the pets no longer stretch in the other, but some continue to grow in breadth all their lives.
What does a cat size depend on? If your younger brother has not gained weight Maine Coon, do not be upset. Perhaps this is his breed. A Singaporean cat, for example, rarely gains weight more than 3 kilograms. Also, this breed later appears offspring, unlike others. So, later comes puberty.
Consider the average parameters. Determine how old cats grow up by watching your pet. If the owners are attentive, they will notice that after the biennium, the cat's face doesn’t practically change, as is the width of the shoulders. So, the main stage of the formation of the skeleton is completed. Further, he can only grow the sides.
How long the cats grow, you alone will not be able to understand if your furry girlfriend has hormonal failure. This is a serious problem, due to which at some point the animal's body can stop its development for a period of up to several months, and after some time, go up sharply. Girls are sometimes saved by motherhood. If the cat after birth stopped in growth, without typing the necessary parameters, consult your doctor. The problem can be quite serious.
“Zameretel” - this is how adult males are characterized. And so they become years to three. But hormonal changes can occur in a cat. Especially if he survived the castration operation. Many at the sight of a large, with sloping sides of the boy suggest that he will never be the "father of the family." But here again, everything is individual. Until what age does the cat continue to grow? He needs more time for development than the female. But we should not confuse the increase in its weight from the abundant nutrition with the development.
If you have the opportunity to see the parents of your purrs, then you can imagine how it will look like in adulthood. And therefore, you can understand when your cat or cat has grown up. Further changes that will occur in appearance will depend only on how and what the animal eats. By the way, they say that the "brutal" appetite is characteristic just for the period of development. But it is not so. Here the habituation of a pet to a certain diet still plays the role.
To find out how old cats grow, you can always consult a veterinarian. A specialist who knows the breed of your pet, is familiar with all the features of the body, keeps a history of his illness since childhood, will be able to more accurately tell when the peak of development will be.
As already mentioned, a large role is played by the conditions of keeping cats and cats, the habitat. Street animals look with their peers who are brought up at home, very contrast. This is not only the state of fur. First of all, the parameters are striking. After all, not every street distribute nutritious food and vitamins for cats. In addition, the immunity is weak, various sores can stick, affecting growth. But stray cats also get used to their living conditions. Therefore, if you take a cat from the street, do not rush to stuff it with delicacies. Weight is not an indicator of normal health. It is better to include in the diet vitamin complex, then the cat or cat will be able to catch up with their peers in development without health consequences.
Factors affecting pet growth
Zoologists argue that this period largely depends on genetics, that is, internal causes. Much in physical development is determined by the breed of the animal. The larger the pets of this breed, the longer they grow. Heredity affects growth. The growth rate of kittens depends on their mother’s body weight. The more massive it is, the faster its offspring will grow. But the endocrine imbalance in the physical development of the young affects negatively. This happens after the use of hormonal drugs for therapeutic purposes.
External factors are no less significant for the growth of kittens. So, unhealthy diet reduces its time. It has a negative effect on maturity and non-observance of sanitary and hygienic conditions for keeping babies. It should also be borne in mind that stress is another negative cause of impaired physical development. So, for example, changing the place of residence of a kitten negatively affects its appetite, vigor and activity in general. Under the influence of stress, hormones are produced that negatively affect the endocrine system of babies. Late sterilization also slows growth.
Until what age cats grow depends on their breed. So, animals with an average body weight of 14 months are no longer physically developed. But representatives of the Maine Coon breed grow to two years, sometimes a little longer. Bengal cats - up to 9 months, and males - up to 14-16 months. The British become sexually mature by nine months, and physical development lasts up to two and a half years. The general formation of representatives of the breed lasts up to three years.
To find out exactly how long your cat or cat will grow, you need to learn about the breed’s specific features, talk to the breeder from whom you bought the kitten, and consult a veterinarian.
On the stages of maturation of kittens
The peak of their growth is observed to the age of five months. Prior to this period, the physical development of young animals is divided into the following stages:
- Neonatal. These are the first four days of life. During this time, the baby’s body weight may increase or decrease, depending on how the delivery went.
- Suckling This is the period of the next four weeks of life. It is characterized by a stable and significant increase in body weight of babies.
- Transition. Lasts from four to seven weeks. At this time, the type of feeding a kitten may change (from breastfeeding to switching to natural food). Usually, by the fifth week of life, the growth of young animals will slow down, and after adaptation to a new type of food, it will become active again.
- Post-suction. Lasts from seven to eight weeks and until the end of growth. A kitten at this time begins an independent life. Females of separate breeds stop growing, and in males physical maturation continues.
Causes of slowing cats
Often we observe that animals of the same breed look different. The most common cause of stunted growth is micronutrient and vitamin deficiencies.
Living conditions also play a large role in the development of animals. Street compared to home counterparts look very contrast. They are smaller. Their immunity is weaker, which is reflected in growth. Therefore, when a street cat appears in the house, you should not immediately transfer it to dry food. You just need to add vitamins to his diet to start. So the pet will catch up with their peers in physical terms.
Hormonal disruptions are another reason for the slow physical maturation of animals. This applies to pets who have survived castration. Later they will catch up with their peers.
Parasites also inhibit the development of pets. After all, a growing body is forced to share nutrients with helminths. And in order to prevent this from happening, it is necessary to systematically give the fluffies anthelmintic drugs.
So, each animal has its own, individual period of growth. And the task of the owner at this time is to create optimal conditions for him to eat and live, surround him with attention, and shield him from stress.
How old do cats and cats grow?
The end of the formation of organs and the full maturation of cats occurs during puberty. Growth may continue for some time. Cats stop growing at the age from 1 year to 3 years. The exact age of cessation of development can be predicted based on external and internal factors.
Bookmark and organ formation occurs up to 15 months, muscles and bones - up to 2-3 years maximum, depending on the conditions of detention and breed characteristics. Naturally, we do not consider obesity and pregnancy to grow.
- Heredity. The growth rate of a kitten can be predicted based on the performance of parents. If they are large and have grown for a long time, then it is highly likely that the kitten will inherit this feature.
- Gender. Males are usually much larger than females. The growth of cats stops up to 1.5 years, cats grow on average to age 2-3 years. The larger the animal, the longer it grows.
Ordinary mongrel cats stop growing in the age range from 1 to 3 years. More precisely, it can be said by analyzing each individual separately. Purebred cats have their own characteristics, and the range of cessation of growth varies from 9 months to 5 years. Large breed cats grow much longer than normal. The age of full development can reach 5 years.
- Cats - Scots grow to 3 years, cats - up to 2.5. Representatives of this breed are quite muscular and large. They gain muscle mass. For the Scots, nutrition plays a huge role.
- British. The growth and development of British cats is completed, like in Scottish cats. At 2.5 - 3 years. At this time, they reach the maximum size of an already adult individual.
- Siberian cats complete the growth cycle in 1.5 years.
- Maine Coon grows to 3 years, due to the power of its structure.
- Bengal cats cease to grow at 2 years, and cats already at 9 months.
- Neva Masquerade cats reach full maturity only by 5 years. This is due to the large size of the representatives of this breed.
- Conditions of detention. Favorable conditions of life of the pet contributes to the normal growth and development. Domestic cats are much larger than street cats.
- Healthy and balanced nutrition. If the animal receives all the necessary substances for active growth, development proceeds correctly and its pace is accelerated.
- Stress adversely affect the pet and inhibit its growth.
- Presence of chronic diseases significantly reduces the growth rate of the cat, sometimes even stops.
- Parasite infestation reduces the weight gain of the pet and provokes an imbalance of the body.
- Sterilization or castration. If an operation is performed on a cat older than 1 year of age that has reached puberty, there is a possibility of a significant increase in its size. According to statistics, such animals grow larger than unsterilized relatives.
Diseases Leading to Growth
- Hormonal disbalance as a result of a stressful situation or hereditary predisposition. It can both accelerate the growth rate and stop it.
- Helminthic invasions slow down the pace of development of the animal due to the absorption of vitamins and microelements by parasites. As a result, the body is depleted and immunity is reduced. All this leads to other problems with the health of the cat.
- Diabetes. This disease slows the growth of the animal and depletes muscle mass.
- Viral and bacterial infections lead to deterioration of general condition, decrease in appetite and slow growth.
Stages of growing cats
- Neonatal. A period of up to 4 days in which kittens gain weight or lose.
- Suckling stage lasts up to one month of age. At this point, the kitten is actively growing and developing.
- Transition. Lasts from 1 to one and a half months. In the diet introduced new products. Growth for this period is slowing.
- Teenage. Active growth of the kitten is resumed and continues at the age of 4 months before puberty (the cat’s readiness to reproduce its own kind).
- 1 year old animal considered fully adult and independent.
Recommendations for creating favorable conditions for the growth and development of a kitten
- Keep a pet is necessary in a clean, well-kept room. The owner must wash the cat tray in time. Once a month you need to bathe and comb the cat. Bowls should be washed every few days.
- Prevention of helminth infections should be carried out at least 1 time in 3 months.
- In the presence of chronic diseases, it is necessary to visit a veterinarian for preventive examinations.
- Comprehensive vaccination against infections should be updated every year. This reduces the risk of contracting viral and bacterial diseases. Even if the cat does not leave the apartment, the owner can bring the infection on the sole of the shoe.
- If the cat food in its composition does not provide for a vitamin-mineral complex, it is necessary to buy it separately in a veterinary pharmacy.
- Do not expose your pet unnecessary stress. It is better not to give a reason for jealousy and resentment. Cry and physical exposure as a punishment is a direct path to pet disorder.
- If possible, do not expose the cat to early mating. There is a risk of stunting and development due to hormonal disruption. Also, the fragile organism will throw all its strength to raise offspring in the womb, depleting the cat.
Selection of vitamins
Vitamin complex for the cat must appoint a veterinarian. An excess of vitamins is as dangerous as a deficiency. For an adult cat, for a normal functioning, a balanced content of vitamins and minerals is necessary.
- If the owner feeds the cat with premium class food, then the right amount of vitamins is already in the composition, you do not need to add anything except a half dose of the remedy for molting.
- If the cat eats natural food or economy class feed, it will need an additional vitamin source in the form of tablets.
- For adult cats there is a tonic vitamin-mineral complex with biotin.
- If the cat is sterilized, suitable supplements are selected. There are also vitamins for pregnant and lactating cats. They support the mother's body during pregnancy and lactation.
- For older cats, complexes are provided that slow down aging and accelerate metabolism.
- Cats and cats constantly need protein, therefore, to increase muscle mass, you can give fodder protein.
- You should always choose vitamin-mineral complexes with taurine - it is an essential amino acid on which cats have almost the entire body rests.
The growth and development of cats is a complex process. The owners should control it and promote the normal development of their pet.
How do the British grow
Many cat lovers choose this particular breed. The British have a blue, plush-like skin, a funny expression of a muzzle, and the same funny, playful character.
Cats gain weight up to 6 kilograms, sterilized, up to 8. The weight of an adult cat is about 8 kg, and in neuter can reach 10.
The growth period in cats extends to 2 - 3 years. The growth of cats usually ends by 1.5 years, or earlier, if it is interrupted by pregnancy, after which the cat can gain weight.
How sphinxes grow
In connection with the onset of puberty, in cats of this breed - by 5-6 months, growth may stop at this age, due to the start of exploitation of the reproductive system. Sphynx cats can grow up to 2.5 years.
The average weight of a cat is 2-4 kg, a cat is 4-6. Sphynxes are prone to overeating, so you need to monitor their weight and diet. Since sphinxes have no hair, it is easy to determine the fatness visually.
How Scots Fold Grow
Kittens of this breed are distinguished by a calm calm, balanced character. The ears can hang, and can remain standing, which is usually determined after weaning and it is difficult to predict in advance, because, lop-eared, by breed standards, are necessarily intersected with “straight” brothers.
Growth parameters coincide with the parameters of the British breed of cats - growth ends by three years, the average weight of adult cats reaches 8 kg, cats usually do not exceed 6 kg.
How old do kittens grow
Cats and cats grow and develop differently. The final growth of cats (including a set of muscle mass) ends by 2-3 years of life, and in cats - by 1-2.
Stages of growth kittens:
- Neonatal (a few days from the beginning of the birth of a kitten). The first week of life for kittens is neonatal. The body weight of a newborn kitten ranges from 60 to 130 grams, and the length is no more than 13 to 15 centimeters. As in humans, after birth, the kitten's weight may decrease.
- Suckling (Duration about 3 - 3.5 weeks). The kitten is rapidly gaining grams and growing.
- Transition (4 to 6 weeks). At the end of the first month of life, the kittens appear the first teeth and the time comes for self-feeding.
- Teenage (от 2 месяцев до завершения развития (зависит от породы). Наступает фаза активного роста и настройки эндокринной системы. Животному требуется большое количество кальция для формирования и роста костной ткани. В 2 месяца рост котенка ускоряется за счет полноценного рациона.
Наиболее активный период для роста костей – от 3 месяцев до полугода. The endocrine system produces a significant amount of hormones responsible for the growth of skeletal bones and internal organs.
Cat growth stops after ovarian activation. A cat can carry offspring from 9 months. This period becomes final and final in the growth of the skeleton. The growth of muscle mass in this case is completed by the end of the year of life.
Cats grow during the first year of life and by the end of the second they gain muscle mass. By the end of the third year of the cat's life, the size of the face and the width of the shoulders reach maximum sizes and remain so for the rest of their lives.
What affects the growth of kittens
The following factors influence the growth of kittens:
- Nutrition. Lack of balanced nutrition can cause various diseases in cats. During the growth of a kitten he needs a large amount of calories, vitamins, protein, magnesium and calcium. As the growth slows down and the skeleton is formed, the number of needed calories decreases. If the diet is not changed, the animal may develop obesity and, as a result, diabetes. Also, an excess of calcium after the completion of the formation of the bone system may in the future cause urolithiasis.
- Temperature mode. Air temperature above 20 ° С stimulates active growth of a kitten.
- Air humidity from 55%.
- Treatment of worms when the kitten reaches the age of 8 months, as well as preventive treatment of fleas and ticks.
- Breed. Depending on the breed and size of the “parents” of a kitten, growth rates and periods of development differ.
- Gender. Cats are usually smaller than cats.
- Lifestyle. Active kittens grow faster than their passive peers.
Features of growth and development of some breeds
Some breeds of cats have a special rate of growth and development of the body. For example, adult Bengal cats, Maine Coons and Britons have larger dimensions than ordinary cats. They grow slowly, but significantly gain muscle mass by the end of maturity.
The active growth of Bengal kittens begins from 3 months and ends by 9. Cats usually complete their growth by 9 months, and cats continue to gain weight and form a skeleton up to 24 months.
The rapid growth of the Maine Coon begins with 5 months and lasts up to 3 years. In the period from six months to 3 years, the cat is formed disproportionately, different parts of the body grow differently.
Kittens of the British and Siberian breeds, as well as Scottish, servals grow up to 2.5 - 3 years. Sphinxes grow to 2 years. Non-purebred cats, due to mixed genotype, do not have standardized developmental norms, some may stop growing annually, others continue to grow in size up to 3 years.
Causes of Slow Cat Growth
The cat can gain weight and height not in accordance with normal standards. Causes of cat slow growth can be:
- Improper nutrition. The lack of necessary micronutrients and vitamins in the kitten's diet can lead to growth retardation and lack of weight gain.
- Diseases. Various viral, immune, and genetic diseases can adversely affect the overall development of the animal.
- Hormonal failure (congenital or acquired). Early sterilization is becoming a major cause of slow growth. After the restructuring of the body, growth resumes and reaches the necessary parameters somewhat later. Conversely, the sterilization of the cat in the "pubertal" age may lead to a sharp push to increase its physical size.
- Disorders in the thyroid gland, reproductive system, adrenal glands.
- Parasites (worms). An animal infected with worms grows more slowly than its healthy peers, as parasites take nutrients.
- Low temperature. Kittens grow much slower during colder seasons. Temperatures below 20 ° C slow the growth rate.
Ways to stimulate the growth of cats
If, while creating satisfactory conditions for a cat, it continues to lag behind in development:
- Consult a qualified veterinarian for medical assistance.
- Use injections that stimulate the growth of the animal due to the normalization of metabolic processes. Injections should be prescribed by a veterinarian who will select the optimal dose.
- Ensure the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes containing calcium and magnesium to enhance the immune system and the protective functions of the kitten.
- Promptly vaccinate the cat from common viral diseases to ensure strong immunity.
The lag in the development of the animal, as well as slow growth, can be adjusted by the owner. It is necessary to closely monitor the development of the pet and timely visit the veterinarian. Then the question: until what age do domestic cats grow will not cause negative consequences for the life of the animal.