Pets are different: someone loves affectionate and graceful cats, someone loves the dedication and loyalty of dogs. Many people like to watch the underwater inhabitants for hours or listen to the ringing voices of birds. And lovers of exotic prefer reptile society, one of which is our today's heroine - an ordinary green iguana.
The Iguana-iguana species belongs to the genus Real iguanas of the iguanov family. The homeland of this large lizard is Mexico, from where the species has spread and is now widely represented in South and Central America, and it was introduced to Florida.
The common iguana prefers to settle in tropical rainforests and dense thickets on the banks of rivers. It is a tree species of reptiles, and therefore they spend the main part of their life on trees.
Common iguana: description
Today, this lizard is increasingly seen in domestic terrariums. Iguana ordinary (photo you can see in the article) - a large animal. An adult individual reaches a length of 1.5 meters (with a tail), although these giants are often found - up to two meters or more. The size of a lizard depends on age and sex: males are much larger than females. What does a green iguana look like? Photos published in various publications for naturalists, demonstrate how diverse the representatives of this species.
Some individuals have thickened skin projections located on the upper part of the nose. They are small, barely visible, and can reach huge sizes. Some lizards such "horns" may be several. The diversity of the species is manifested in the color of these lizards. Although they are called green, in fact they are not always so. The common iguana can be painted in a wide variety of shades of green: from saturated to very light. Splashes of different shades of blue are allowed.
In nature, there are rare representatives of the species, with a color that differs from most animals of this species.
Such an ordinary iguana comes from Peru. Rich turquoise color distinguishes these lizards. The iris of the eyes of such individuals is usually reddish-brown. Thin black stripes run all over the body, tail, in the folds of the skin.
Blue color can be very young ordinary animals, but with age it changes to green.
In nature, this color does not exist: it is obtained by artificial means. Iguana vulgaris red morph acquires this skin color due to its nutritional characteristics. Animals are fed with pigmented natural fruits and vegetables - red bell peppers, for example, or artificially pigmented fish feeds (for parrot fish). Naturally, these products do not replace the basic diet, but are only an additive.
Do not be alarmed if the iguana ordinary at home will change color. These lizards change it throughout their lives, and this depends on their condition and conditions. Juveniles change color during molting, adults can change color under the influence of temperature: if the animal is cold, its color darkens, and in the heat it turns pale. Most males change their color several months before the mating season. On their body appear wavy bright orange stripes at the chin, on the body and paws, on the spikes.
But if your pet's color turns dark gray, dark brown, yellow or black, you need to contact a specialist to find out the reasons for this change, since in most cases this may be a sign of an animal disease or adverse conditions. With good care for this reptile, its life expectancy is on average up to 12 years, although there are also long-livers who live up to 18 years.
The common iguana is a daytime animal. She is active in the morning and in the evening (before sunset). At this time, in natural conditions, the lizard climbs into the trees, where it happily basks under the sun. It is necessary reptiles for the production of vitamin D and thermoregulation.
The common iguana not only climbs trees, it is also a first-class swimmer. It is water that saves the lizard in case of danger. Under the conditions of the green iguana, the owner will be surprised by the calm and docile nature of the unusual pet.
A young lizard can be tamed, taking it often in her arms: she quickly gets used to it and becomes tame.
Conditions of detention
For the content of the iguana, you will need a vertical type terrarium. For a young animal, a small capacity of 45x45x60 cm is suitable. But since this species of lizards is growing rather quickly, after half a year your pet will barely fit in his house and will need to be replaced.
It would seem that you can immediately acquire a more spacious terrarium, but experts believe that, to a lesser extent, the young lizard feels more confident and more secure. In such conditions, and tame it will be much easier.
For an adult individual, the terrarium should be spacious so that the animal in it not only completely fits, but also leaves room for the pool, which is vital for green iguanas. The minimum size for an adult individual is 80x70x120 cm.
According to experienced owners, the best option to cover the terrarium floor - rubber mat-lawn. It will not only give a more attractive look, but also allow you to keep the lizard house clean: there will be no microorganisms in it that could harm the health of your pet. Before placing such a rug should be washed and well ventilated so that the reptile is not irritated by extraneous odors.
A spacious pool is also required, since it is in the water that a reptile is defecated. For this reason, the water must be cleaned regularly and changed. Lighting for a green iguana is considered to be a comfortable daylight length of at least twelve hours. Try to imitate the daily rhythms. In this case, the reptile will feel more comfortable in captivity.
A prerequisite for home iguana content is a fluorescent lamp with a UVB emitter. This simple device will help the lizard to produce the vitamin D it needs. On warm and sunny days, the terrarium can be brought out into the street, so that the lizard can enjoy the natural sunlight. But at the same time, direct rays should not fall on it, since the glass will be very hot and will change the microclimate of the terrarium.
For the green iguana, multi-level temperature is very important. This is due to the fact that reptiles are cold-blooded. The general temperature in the terrarium should not fall below +28 ° C, at the warm-up point, this figure increases to +35 ° C, and at night it can drop to +20 ° C. The lamp at the warm-up point must be placed at a safe distance (20 cm) above the upper branch in the terrarium. The water temperature in the pool is not higher than +25 ° С.
Like most tropical animals, the iguana needs at least 80% humidity. To achieve this level, an aquarium heater (previously well insulated) can be placed in the pool: it will maintain the required water temperature and create evaporation, which will help maintain humidity. In addition, it should be sprayed three times a day with warm water terrarium.
The green iguana feeds on dandelion leaves, clover, lettuce, loves various fruits. It is cooler to vegetables, although it largely depends on the taste preferences of your lizard. It is not recommended to give your exotic pet cabbage. It is advisable to add germinated mung, especially when the offspring are being fed, as it is rich in protein.
While the lizard is young, it can be pampered with insects (in small quantities). For this fit crickets, zofobas. The salad, which consists of 70% leafy greens, and the remaining 30% is chopped vegetables and fruits, your ordinary iguana will be happy to eat. Food in the life of this reptile is of great importance, but do not forget about vitamins: they should be given twice a week. Place a feeder with crushed shell or eggshell in a terrarium: this treat will be a source of calcium.
Common iguana: breeding
Green iguanas reach sexual maturity at the age of one and a half to three years. The fact that the marriage period is approaching, you will find out by the changed color. In males, the mating period lasts about a month, and in females no more than ten days.
After mating, the female bears and lays eggs for two months. It is advisable to transplant the females into a separate terrarium during this period. The laying consists of 40 and more eggs. It is withdrawn and transferred to an incubator with a temperature of +32 ° C. After 90 days, babies are born. In the period of gestation, the female needs a large amount of calcium and protein food.
Maintenance and care
Keeping an iguana at home is rather difficult if you live in a regular apartment. A 200-liter terrarium is enough for a baby or teenager to have a green iguana, up to 45 cm long. However, for the acclimatization of such a volume is enough, since if you immediately put the baby in a huge terrarium, it will be difficult for him to find food and water. It is also easier to tame the lizard to itself, so that a small terrarium at the initial stage is better than a spacious one.
But for an adult green iguana you need a VERY spacious terrarium. This graceful baby will grow very quickly and can grow into a 1.5 meter dinosaur, which the ordinary amateur simply has nowhere to contain.
For an adult home green iguana, not a terrarium, but an aviary. Not less than 3.5 meters long, 1.8 wide and high. The height of 1.8 meters is very important, as in nature they mostly live in trees. The simple rule: an open-air cage should be at least twice as long as an iguana, and not less than its length in width. In addition, do not forget that you can not keep two males of the green iguana in one aviary, otherwise they will fight.
It is best not to use a substrate, or to use a large fraction. The fact is that iguanas in the process of feeding can swallow part of the soil and die because of this. Especially for kids. If you notice that in the process of hunting they seize the ground, it is better to remove it from the terrarium.
Lighting and heating
Green iguanas need a very warm climate and the same conditions need to be recreated at home. For the young, only one heating llama is enough, but for adult iguanas, at least six llamas are already enough so that she can warm her entire body. In addition, when paired with lamps for heating you need to use UV lamps. Ultraviolet lighting is needed for the lizard to produce vitamin D and absorb calcium. Otherwise, it will lead to diseases and skeletal deformities. Not bad lamp Repti Glo 5.0 from Exo-Terra.
There should be a heating point in the aviary, with a temperature of at least 40 C. A heat source should be located above the iguana, this will help the iguana regulate its body temperature. The fact is that an ordinary iguana on the top of the head, behind the eyes is the organ of the "third eye" which is responsible for controlling movement, changing light and darkness. It is needed for two purposes - to react to danger (from above, birds of prey) and to regulate body temperature.
Of course, part of the aviary should be cool so that the iguana in domestic conditions could choose places with higher and lower temperatures. A warm corner with temperatures around 40 degrees and cool with 27 degrees. It is very important that she herself can regulate the temperature of her body, moving between these places. And with its size, and the terrarium should be appropriate.
Do not use any heat sources that heat from below. It can be mats, stones and decor with heating. The fact is that their iguana does not recognize it as a heating point, and it gets overheated and burns. The paws and the stomach are particularly affected, up to the death of the lizard.
Water should always be available. Remember that small iguanas may not recognize the drinker. So they need to be sprayed daily and bathed twice a week to make sure that they do not suffer from dehydration. If you already have a teenager, then it will not be harmful to spray him either, as well as bathing. If possible, for adults it is necessary to place a reservoir of such size in which they can bathe. In nature, green iguanas live near water and swim superbly.
Green iguanas are exclusively herbivores, in nature they eat vegetation and fruits of trees. At home, they eat dandelions, zucchini, cucumbers, turnips, cabbage, lettuce. Fruit can be given no more than once a week, as abundant feeding causes diarrhea.
Preparing feed for small iguanas is a little different than feeding adults. When you cut the food, you need to grind to such pieces that they can swallow without problems. Remember that ordinary iguanas do not chew food, but swallow it whole.
In addition to vegetable feed, you can also feed commercial, which provide the lizards with all necessary. Their disadvantage is the price, whatever one may say, but ordinary greens are cheaper.
Be sure to give supplements containing calcium, about once a week. And under no circumstances, can you feed green iguanas with protein feeds! This will lead to the death of the lizard.
Young green iguanas do not usually bite, but avoid over-socializing until they get used to their new home. They can become smart pets, unlike snakes and other reptiles. The fact is that iguanas recognize their masters and show individuality with them.
But, do not buy iguanas obeying the impulse! Kids look cute, small and people buy them as toys. And then they grow and problems begin, as this is a living and rather specific creature. If you read this article and still want an iguana for yourself, then with a high degree of probability you will be able to contain it successfully.
How to tame an animal like an iguana? At home, this reptile will be glad to frequent communication with its owner. Contact with the pet involves feeding and bathing. To teach an animal to trust a person, you must regularly hold it on your arms and shoulders. Keeping an iguana requires devoting a significant amount of time to it, therefore, before starting such a pet, one should adequately weigh its capabilities. Veterinarians warn: in spite of the fact that the iguana is at home quickly getting used to a person, it can bite. Therefore, care should be taken in contact with it and, if possible, wear leather gloves.
Optimal conditions for iguanas
These huge lizards live in a tropical climate, mainly on the shores of South Argentina and Canada, and also on several islands near the shores of South America. In connection with this, an exotic pet should be provided with conditions similar to its natural habitat. A terrarium should be selected based on its ability to mimic the wet conditions of a tropical forest. However, it must be clean, ventilated and convenient to use. The young iguana at home will feel comfortable in an aquarium with a volume of 100 to 150 liters. It is recommended to install a vertical terrarium, since most of the time these reptiles spend at high altitude. As the animal grows, a large reservoir is selected, and environmental conditions change. If it is not possible to install a waterproof cap, a metal mesh cap will suffice. It is necessary to pick up a stainless mesh, as humidity is constantly maintained in the terrarium. To make air exchange there, several small holes are drilled in the walls. Iguana at home, like in nature, does not like drafts, so the holes should be located on one side or on top.
Also, special attention must be paid to the heating of the terrarium. For this purpose, install special incandescent bulbs. A young animal (iguana) will feel great in the presence of two light sources, alternately used for day and night heating. To maintain the optimum temperature, you should install three thermometers, evenly arranging them over the area of the terrarium. Regulating the power of incandescent lamps, one should strive for the following thermometer readings: on the first - from 31 to 35 degrees Celsius, on the second - from 27 to 28 degrees, on the third - not less than 25. For the purpose of night heating, use colored lamps. They do not provoke pet activity at night, which can later affect his health. Устанавливать лампы следует таким образом, чтобы животное не имело возможности подобраться к ним ближе, чем на пятнадцать сантиметров, в противном случае велика вероятность получения ожогов.
Обустройство комфортного террариума
Любое живое существо, будь то кошка, попугайчик, хомяк или игуана, в домашних условиях должно чувствовать себя наиболее комфортно. Поскольку наш питомец - обитатель тропиков, он нуждается в окружении зелени и растений. The best will be to plant in the terrarium small shrubs and flowers that have hard dense leaves. Soil for them (it should not be loose, not soaking and not dusting) must be covered with stones. Then the moisture will not stagnate, and the bacteria will not be able to multiply, which will provide hygienic conditions for the animal. Of course, cleanliness must be maintained in the terrarium, therefore disinfection is carried out regularly, necessarily with low toxicity ionophores. Feeders and drinkers should be washed two to three times a week using soap.
Iguana at home is restricted in movement. In nature, she loves to climb the branches. Therefore, in the terrarium should create conditions close to the natural habitat, equipping it with wooden rods. In this case, it is recommended to give preference to branches that are larger than the pet itself. You can get them in the woods, then treat with chlorine bleach and rinse thoroughly in running water. In the process of installation, it is necessary to carefully grind and fix the wood, excluding the presence of cracks and holes, since if there is a tail or a finger there, there is a high chance of injury to the animal. Iguana at home, as well as in nature, needs its shelter, where it could hide. To meet this need, in addition to branches, a small house or hut is installed, as well as shelves for rest and climbing rope. Reptile specialists recommend giving preference to oak products for a terrarium. This material has not only high strength, but also antiseptic properties.
The most common type
Iguana green is most common in pet stores. She feels comfortable with high humidity. Drinking water they need to get from several different sources. Access to life-giving moisture is provided through drinkers. A portion goes along to the feed. A major role is played by bathing, during which the required amount of moisture enters through the skin. It is necessary to take into account an important point: the iguana is green, like some other species, should notice the movement of the liquid or the reflection of light in it in order to approach the water bowl. It must be remembered that for the comfort of the pet humidity should be at the level of eighty percent. This indicator is measured with a hydrometer. In this case, the stagnation of water, the marsh in the terrarium is absolutely unacceptable: a favorable environment for bacteria is created, as a result of which a fungus appears on the skin of the iguana.
Basic rules of care
Before you get this exotic animal, it is important to familiarize yourself with some aspects. First, the content of reptiles is radically different from the care of cats and dogs. Adults sometimes reach two meters in length, so you must have a huge terrarium in which an iguana could move freely. The price of a pet varies from one and a half to twelve thousand rubles and above. The cost depends on the age of the reptile: the more mature and more, the more expensive. Keeping a pet is no easy task. Therefore, before you buy it to a child, you should think carefully and decide whether you agree to take on such responsibilities. You don’t have to rely on children, because they will not be able to care for such animals due to lack of strength and knowledge. Many people buying iguanas neglect the issue of content. This leads to various diseases of the animal, which sometimes occur unnoticed by the host. Unfortunately, quite often the veterinarian is approached in neglected cases when it is not possible to save the reptile.
What to look for when buying
If a person does decide to buy such an unusual animal as an iguana, the price is not at all the main indicator of reptile health. First of all, it is recommended to carefully examine the appearance of the future pet. Eyes should be open, clear, without any discharge and dry crusts. The skin is bright. Dark color - a sign that the iguana can not normally molt. The oral cavity should be pink, without the presence of plaque, purulent secretions and swelling. The healthy reptile nail pads are clean, the nails are even, without cracks. The extremities are symmetrical, the skin is smooth and without growths. The base of the tail of the animal must be thick, any projections of the skeleton and its parts are not allowed. It is not easy to catch a healthy iguana, so when an animal goes to the hands without any problems, this is a sure sign of illness.
As a rule, when buying domestic animals, people are interested in the age and sex of the future pet. In the case of the iguana, determining the exact age is not so easy, because they do not breed in captivity. Under natural conditions, babies are born in the spring. Therefore, if the seller is accurately voiced by the age of the reptile or at the end of winter offers a three-month animal, this is an occasion to reflect on the accuracy of the information.
After acquiring an iguana, it is important to give it time to adapt. The fact of moving to a new home for the animal is stressful, so you should not hurry with the bride, it is better to give your pet a few days of rest.
How to choose an iguana?
First of all, we must remember that iguanas are born only in May and June. For this reason, if there is a desire to become the owner of a 2-month-old pet, it is best to go to the store at the end of the summer. We can not expect that the 2-month iguana may appear in January, as this is contrary to natural laws.
Sellers can not correctly determine the sex of the pet. Iguana home will certainly please its neighborhood, but it is desirable to understand that the floor will be determined only during puberty of the pet, so you have to wait for this wonderful moment for another year and a half. Professionals can answer the question about gender in 7 - 8 months, conducting special tests, but earlier the answer can not be provided.
So, how best to choose an iguana, wanting to ensure a decent purchase?
- It is imperative to examine the pet's mouth. It is best to take the fry with your right hand, after which - with your left hand to slightly pull the edge of the throat fold. A light pink mouth will indicate good health, and the tongue should be reddish. Alertness is caused by a very light or grayish-lilac shade of the oral cavity, since such changes indicate a lack of calcium, which must be replenished. Other colors indicate serious diseases.
- It is mandatory to carefully examine the limbs and fingers, which can not be in a swollen or swollen state. Lack of claws is correctable, because claws can gradually grow, if serious damage is absent.
- It is recommended to carefully examine the fry skin in order to make sure that there are no spots, points indicating a serious disease.
- Inspection of the scallop and the tip of the tail is a mandatory step. Dark color or dryness is undesirable. However, the comb and tip of the pet's tail can be improved if the care is correct.
- It is recommended to pass feces for analysis in order to verify the absence of helminths in the iguana or to learn about their presence. Delivery of the analysis is an important task not only for the pet, but also for its owner.
How to equip a terrarium?
It should be understood that the maintenance of the iguana in the home requires a properly equipped terrarium. You can buy or make a pet house yourself. In any case, you need to remember the existence of certain rules, because compliance with the rules of keeping a pet largely determines how good your neighbor’s health will be and whether you can count on his long life.
The basic rule is to create conditions that are as close as possible to the natural nature. For this reason, even the temperature regime and humidity deserve attention. In many ways, further care will depend on this.
- In the terrarium, it is desirable to maintain the optimum temperature, so you need to use a thermometer. Under a heating lamp, the temperature should be between 30 and 35 degrees Celsius, and in a remote corner - about twenty-five degrees.
- When using a powerful lamp (more than forty watts), special insulation with the use of a grid is recommended. Only such an approach will protect animals from possible burns. It is recommended to give preference to usual day lamps or specialized ultra-violet lamps.
- The minimum percentage of humidity in the terrarium should be 80%, but the rate may be greater. In order to guarantee decent care, it is recommended to conduct tests and be prepared for possible mistakes. To adjust the humidity, you can use pools, water tanks, special devices. Inflow of air flow is mandatory to maintain an optimal indicator, therefore it is best to create air vents with nets in the terrarium.
- The terrarium should be vertical and large. Ideally, a home iguana should be kept in two houses. For the fry, a small terrarium will fit (approximately 70 by 30 by 50 centimeters), a large model will be designed for an adult pet. Taking into account the very large size of the pet, you need to prepare for the fact that the optimal length should be 1.5 lengths of iguana. A small terrarium will protect the iguana from serious stress, as the pet will feel maximum security and will not start to panic, but it is desirable to save the new family member from the proximity of other animals, children, noisy people, TVs and any other sources of loud sounds.
- You need to understand that the iguana at home will face special conditions, so it is advisable to try to adapt the possibilities for a pet to live in the natural environment. For this reason, it is recommended to use oak, maple or aspen branches, driftwood and wooden shelves. The floor of the terrarium is best covered with a rubber mat, which will facilitate cleaning activities.
Iguana feeding rules
An important question is “how to feed an iguana?”. Moreover, from this aspect depends largely on how qualitative and useful the care of a pet promises to be.
- An adult is best fed once a day, young - twice.
- The menu should be varied and thoughtful.
- Iguana tries to exercise caution in food, because of the new products will be wary. Extending the menu will always require perseverance.
- Iguana is desirable to warm up about 30 minutes before and after the meal. Compliance with this rule will improve the pet's digestive system. During the meal, the iguana can not be distracted.
- Feeding should be carried out at least 2 hours before the pet goes to bed.
Thinking about care, you need to take care of the presence of ultraviolet rays that can guarantee the full absorption of calcium iguana. This aspect must be remembered, thinking about how to feed the iguana.
How do I bathe an iguana?
Bathing are required. The hygienic procedure is best carried out in a warm bath heated with hot water. Water temperature should be around 30 - 35 degrees.
Twice a week, the iguana must be bathed without fail, and it is desirable to increase the frequency during the molt. For one procedure, you need to allocate up to half an hour, constantly monitoring the temperature of the water.
To rest from swimming, the iguana will need a snag or raft on the edge of the bath. If the pet sits on a raft for a long time, it is best to pour it with warm water and protect it from freezing.
Iguana after swimming need to get wet with a soft towel.
Dimensions and life expectancy
Large lizards, can reach a maximum size of 1.5 meters in length, and weigh more than 9 kg. Moreover, males are larger than females, which rarely reach a size of 130 cm. Also, a mature male green iguana has a larger crest on its back.
With good care, home green iguana can live in captivity from 15 to 20 years.
Eating an iguana is not so difficult, it is important to correctly calculate the amount of food that an animal needs. This "small" lizard is a very real vegetarian, which does not eat anything except grass and vegetation. By the way, it is this factor that is decisive when choosing between the iguana and the chameleon, which, in fact, is also a relative of lizards. In the wild, she eats the young leaves of fruits and flowers, but at home she can be fed other foods. You can give your green dragon fruit, sliced vegetables, and lettuce leaves. She will certainly be glad of this, but up to 1 year you can give a small amount of protein, then it will grow much faster. It can be chicken meat, or canned dog food, but, I repeat, it is necessary to give protein in small quantities, and only up to one year. You should not give citrus fruits, such as tangerines, oranges, grapefruit. In this case, the leaves of these fruits can be given if you have access to them. In the spring you can give her "cat grass". This is such a thin green grass that grows in every yard, cats eat it to cleanse the body of toxins. Iguana also loves this kind of grass. If you don’t want to risk, and don’t want to feed your miracle - the animal is horrible, then special food for iguanas is sold in zoological shops, although, I repeat, it can eat up after you the leaves of cabbage, lettuce, and apple.
Feed it several times a day, usually two. It may be that the iguana does not accept any product, then it should be replaced with another, and no longer give her what she did not want to eat. If the iguana is hungry, it can attack you, so do not starve her, otherwise there will be bitten hands. Also, do not scare her, she can attack. But despite this, the iguana is quite a peace-loving animal that has already adapted to such conditions of life.
Important Aspects of Iguana Care
To ensure the maintenance of this lizard at home, it is necessary to create special conditions. Terrarium. Conditions in it should be as close to natural. Temperature - 28-30 ° C during the day and 22 ° C at night. Humidity level is about 80%. Lighting. An iguana needs a sufficient amount of ultraviolet light. The change of day and night is also very important for this animal. Provide approximately 12-14 hours of light and 10-12 hours of darkness every day. Feeding. The iguana diet is approximately the following: 30–70% of the diet is deciduous plants and vegetables, 5–15% fruits and up to 10% additional products, such as cereal complexes. Please note that feeding a lizard with leftovers from your table is absolutely impossible - this can adversely affect its health. Bathing. Bathe iguana can and should be. The optimum water temperature is 30-35 ° C. Twice a week is enough, but during the molting period it is possible more often. Appeal. Due to the obstinate temper of the iguanas, they must be treated very carefully. To take from above near a forearm, with the second hand having pressed her hind legs to a body. But the tail is better not to touch it - it can drop it, and then it will be much more difficult for her to keep balance and climb the branches. When releasing an iguana from a terrarium, make sure that it does not disappear from view for a long time. Having provided the iguana with the appropriate care and attention, you will receive not only an exotic animal, but also a devoted friend in the person of your beloved pet.
Terrarium: size, arrangement, temperature, humidity
At home, the iguana is kept in a terrarium. You can get it from there for socializing, swimming, walking, but the main place of residence is a terrarium.
That it will be able to maintain the required temperature and humidity for the iguana, in normal indoor conditions the animal will not survive. Iguana grows to 1.5-2 meters in length, so the "house" must correspond to its size, and it must quietly move along it.
In addition, there should be three areas with different temperatures in the terrarium: in one corner (side) there is a place where the lizard heats, there the temperature should be about 30 degrees. Usually for iguanas they put a branch or a snag on which it rises to the lamps and heats there. - the first thermometer should be located in this area. Heating is regulated by the power of the lamps, very powerful lamps that heat up during operation, it is necessary to close the metal grid so that the lizard does not get burned. Lamps can be used ordinary, but better with a UV spectrum.
The second thermometer is placed in the same warm area, but at the bottom or diagonally from the lamp, it should show an average temperature of 26-27 degrees. And the third is placed in the farthest cool corner - there should be at least 25 degrees.
A quarter of the area must be given under the reservoir - from it the lizard can drink, also it maintains the necessary humidity ..
The bottom is lined with a rug, paper napkins are placed on top, and dense, large bark is placed on them. Daily carry out the replacement of napkins, mat and bark washed with warm water. Поилку-водоем чистят два раза в неделю, а раз в месяц проводят генеральную уборку террариума, с его дезинфекцией. Игуана плохо переносит недостаток воды, поэтому наравне с бассейном, разумно поставить в террариум обычную поилку и менять в ней воду каждый день.
Что постелить на дно террариума для экзотической ящерицы? Возможны несколько вариантов: Кора деревьев. Газонная трава. Газеты. You can lay a rubber mat on the bottom, this will facilitate the cleaning of the terrarium. But the small substrate (sand, sawdust) is not suitable, because the animal may accidentally swallow particles.
Breeding iguanas at home
In the most common green iguanas, puberty begins in the fourth year of life, and the right time to breed is winter. The place where the pairing will take place is chosen by the males, who mark it with a special secret, which stands out from the clutches.
- During the courtship period, the male representatives become brighter and swell up, and they also show affection towards their partner, nibbling her neck.
- A green iguana at home will be walking pregnant for two months. The female buries the laying in the ground, and it includes from 20 to 70 eggs.
- The young growth will appear in about 4 months. The offspring does not require care from parents, because the lizards have a gall sac with nutrient reserves, which is enough for the first time.
How to choose a healthy lizard in a pet store
To choose a healthy lizard in the store or from private sellers, you need to pay attention to the important points:
- A normal animal will not be given in the hands of man, it will resist, run off and nervously whip its tail. If a lizard is sluggish and sedentary, it does not mean that it is bold or tame. Most likely, she is sick.
- Eyes should be clean and bright.
- The anal opening is normally clean, with no traces of dried feces.
- The nose and mouth should be free of sticky mucus.
- The skin of a healthy young animal is bright green.
- Iguana has a great appetite. You can ask the owner to show how she eats.
Many iguanas are distinguished by a quick-witted, and even by an obstinate character, such pets should be taken from above the forearm, clasping the body so that the front legs of the reptile are pressed to the body. With your second hand, press your hind legs to your body, but do not touch the tail. You can take the iguana in gloves so as not to scratch the claws.
Iguana can not be grabbed by the tail - a reptile can throw it away. Of course, the iguana will not die to die, but it will be very difficult for her to keep her balance and climb along the branches. In adults, a new tail can never grow back; in children, this process is often faster. Do not squeeze the reptile, as this can cause a cloacal prolapse, then no one, except a qualified veterinarian, will assist the animal. When removing the iguana from the branches, do it carefully, smoothly, do not tear it off with force, otherwise you may damage the fingers and paws of the pet.