In modern dog breeding, more and more new breeds appear every year. However, this does not prevent to remain at the peak of popularity of dogs, whose history has more than one century. And this category includes one of the oldest breeds - the Alaskan Malamute. Beautiful, powerful, proud - all of them, the northern beauties who can not leave anyone indifferent. What is today known about this breed?
The origin of the breed Alaskan Malamute
It is not known for certain when the Alaskan Malamute breed appeared, but its ancestors were the pets of the Malamuts tribe who inhabited the shores of Alaska. They were powerful, hardy animals covered with thick and dense coat of wool. They were used in quite harsh climatic conditions for driving and moving heavy loads.
The beginning of the 20th century was the period of the “gold rush”, which could not but affect the development and spread of Alaskan Malamutes. After all, to reach the rich deposits could only be on the sledding of these strong dogs. Many gold miners wanted to acquire such a “transport” for their use, which greatly influenced the size of this breed.
But this phenomenon also had a flip side - people, thirsting for untold wealth, tried to cross the Malamutes with other breeds in order to get an even more resilient, fast and unpretentious dog. Such activity led to the fact that there are very few purebred individuals.
But the "gold rush" was replaced by sports, and gambling lovers of sled races began to revive the purebred northern breed, investing huge amounts of money in this process. After all, it was possible to win only with purebred Malamutes.
On the photo is the Alaskan Malamute dog breed in winter.
Only by the 20s of the past millennium was it possible not only to stop the extinction of this breed, but also to increase their population. Then the process of breeding Alaskan Malamutes rose to a professional level. After 10 years, this breed came to world recognition, a special club appeared and the standard was defined.
However, during the war period, a significant extermination of the Malamutes occurred, which led to a reduction in the number of not more than 30 individuals. After the war ended, “titanic” work was carried out to restore the Alaskan Malamutes, and by the 60th year there was no question of their disappearance. In the modern world, these dogs are among the twenty most popular and sought-after breeds in the world, and in 2010 they became a symbol of the state of Alaska.
The descriptive characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute breed
To date, there are two types of Alaskan Malamute - M-Lut and Kotzebue. The first type has a more powerful boning, large dimensions, mobility and aggression. You can meet dogs of this type of various colors - from black with gray, to silver-blue in combination with white. Kotzebue, in spite of the obligatory presence of the wolf color, are inferior in size and have a more docile character.
Modern breeders to this day do not cease to argue what kind of breed is real, but it is worth remembering that, nevertheless, thanks to nature, these proud beautiful pets appeared.
According to the standard, Alaskan Malamutes must meet the following requirements:
- The dog must have strong bones, strong physiquedeep breasts. But despite this, her torso should be compact.
- Coat Malamutes should have a hard outside, and inside the body is covered with a soft undercoat. This phenomenon is due to the origin of the dog. In addition, wool is covered with moisture-resistant grease.
- Growth Males varies in the range from 60 to 63 cm, females within 57-59 cm.
- Body mass pets in the norm should be not less than 35 kg, but not more than 38.
- Head the dog is wide, in size proportional to the body.
- Muzzle Malamute is quite voluminous, its sharpening or elongation is unacceptable.
- Ears in an animal, triangular, with rounded ends, standing, have a wide setting.
- Jaws the dog is impressive, with large, sharp teeth.
- Lips must fit.
- Bite Malamutes have the type of scissors.
- Eyes small, almond-shaped, slightly slanted, the iris has a brown color, in this breed blue eyes are considered a serious defect.
- Nose the pet is predominantly black, only in dogs of red color can it be brown.
- To become Malamutes have the envy - the back is straight, the loin is covered with elastic muscles, the chest is wide.
- Tail from nature it has a perky curl and even in a calm state it rises above the back.
- Paws differ in power and resemble a bear.
The life cycle of Malamutes on average is 13-15 years. Females most often bring litters with 5-6 puppies of Alaskan Malamute.
The nature of Alaskan Malamutes
Malamutes are distinguished by increased friendliness and excessive kindness. They are not lonely at all, and need a close, trusting relationship no matter with a pack of dogs or a human family. They are great for large families with small children. These dogs know a lot about children's fun and can always play the role of a caring nurse.
Representatives of this breed tend to become attached to their owners, but they constantly need to be reminded that they are important and necessary family members. Despite all the affection, these pets simply need freedom. Closed aviary and constant loneliness can adversely affect the character of the pet, he can lose the trust and respect for the owner.
The photo shows an Alaskan Malamute with a little girl.
By their nature, Malamutes do not belong to those dogs that are ready, in spite of everything, to serve only one owner. As soon as a person ceases to be an authority for a pet, the dog immediately becomes interested in other people. There is no way to call this a betrayal, since such behavior is associated with natural stubbornness and high intelligence. These four-legged friends can easily tire of repetitive actions. If you force them to bring slippers a hundred times a day, the dog can interpret this as a disrespectful attitude and remember it for a long time.
Such character traits allow us to conclude that the Alaskan Malamute is a dog exclusively for experienced dog breeders who know the breed.
Stubborn nature is also a stumbling block in the process of training, although their lively and sharp mind allows you to understand and remember absolutely all the commands from the first time. They can even complete and repeat them, but no more than two times. Then the dogs' interest in this action disappears, and they can completely refuse further training.
If suddenly a person had an idea to buy a Malamute as a guard (dogs have impressive size and serious appearance), then nothing will come of this idea. Representatives of the breed are very kind to anyone who does not show obvious aggression towards them and family members.
Malamut can become an evil dog, but only because of the circumstances - after the psychological trauma received in childhood, improper upbringing, cruel attitude on the part of people and other reasons that could embitter this peaceful animal.
Care for the Alaskan Malamute
Problems with pet washing will not arise, as these dogs just love to swim. The main thing in bathing is to remove all detergents from the thick wool. So that after the procedures the wool looked even and well-groomed, it must be dried and combed simultaneously.
During periods of molting, combing down is a must-have procedure, otherwise a pet may have mats, and in the apartment fluff will fly, no worse than poplar.
Dogs claws need regular trimming, eyes rubbed every 5-7 days. Ears enough to clean once a month.
As for living, the country house or cottage will become an ideal place for a free life. In an apartment Alaskan Malamute will be very crowded and uncomfortable. But you only need to make sure that the pet could not make a digging and escape.
Photo of Alaskan Malamute
Take a look at these wonderful photos of the Alaskan Malamute.
We recommend to watch a video about the Alaskan Malamute.
How much are thoroughbred Malamute puppies
Of course, it is better to buy a pet from experienced breeders, but not everyone can afford such a "pleasure." Approximate prices for Alaskan Malamute puppies are as follows:
- For 10,000-12,000 rubles, you can buy an Alaskan Malamute puppy, which has no pedigree,
- In the area of 15000-30000 are puppies with pedigree.
- Above 30,000 is an elite offspring from champion parents.
When buying, you need to familiarize yourself with the available documents, inspect the puppy (he must be active and cheerful), and assess whether he is ill and whether his behavior is adequate. If possible, it is advisable to look at the parents of the future champion. Malamute from Alaska - the perfect choice as a favorite pet.
Malamute. Breed description
Dogs have a wide body and back, as well as a long strong loins. Straight paws with well developed muscles make it possible to endure long loads well. Alaskan Malamute has a thick coat, dyed in various shades.
The first direction of the dogs of this breed, from which they wrote the standard, is called kotsebu. To it belong all the first Malamutes that were registered at the American Kennel Club. Dogs have a lower growth compared with representatives of subsequent standards. Malamutes kotzebue have a strong head and small ears. They are distinguished by a voluminous and deep chest, strong limbs that promote smooth movements. Dogs have no tendency to fight, perfectly amenable to training.
The second direction of the breed is m'lut. It appeared in 1947 after the secondary registration. The dogs of this line are distinguished by their tall stature, elongated muzzle, wide skull, long and highly set ears. In comparison with the first direction, their rib cage is shallow, their limbs are weaker, and therefore the movements are not so smooth. Aggressive nature complicates training and requires the firm will of the owner.
Dogs of the same breed share common characteristics. Standards have been published for their descriptions. This concept includes the quality of the exterior, character, appearance, constitution. In case of deviations from the described breed standards, it is considered that the dog has a defect that may prevent it from participating in exhibitions, as well as in service. What should be a real malamute? Description of the breed according to the standard includes many parameters. Let us dwell on them in more detail.
Malamut must have a powerful wide head, proportional to the size of the body. The skull between the ears is rounded, gradually narrowing to the eyes, between which the furrow passes. The line of the forehead and the back of the nose has a slight slope downwards. Cheeks are moderately flat in Malamute breeds. Description of the breed according to the standard includes the concept of foot. In this case, it is formed by pads around the eyes. Its size should be medium, as with a strongly pronounced foot, the eyes will take the wrong position and will become rounded. If it is underdeveloped, the distance between the eyes will seem minimal. The expression of the muzzle and the shape of the head speak of the high intelligence of the Malamute.
Characteristics of the parts of the muzzle
The nose, lips, and eye rims are black. Dogs of red color may have a brown tint. Also allowed is a black nose with white veins. Lips should fit tightly to each other. The color of the eyes of the Malamute is brown, the blue hue is considered a vice. Their form is almond-shaped, the size is medium. Ears of a triangular shape, widely spaced, when performing working teams, they are sometimes laid back. The disadvantage is high set and long ears. Their skin is thick, which is the result of adaptation to life in harsh conditions. Malamute has a scissor bite, large teeth. There is always a friendly expression on the face.
Characteristic of the case
The head rests on a strong and slightly arched neck. The powerful body is formed by a straight back, muscular loin and developed chest. It is important that the length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers. The disadvantage will be the long loin, which weakens the spine, as well as a short, obstructing movement. The depth of the chest of an adult dog is about half the height at the withers. Immediately behind the front paws is its lowest point. As for the tail, it should not touch the back, as well as twist on it. He is raised up when the Malamute rests. Description, photos emphasize this feature.
The limbs of the dog have well-developed musculature and strong bones. Hind legs should be aligned with the front. Dense paws have thick pads. Between the fingers grows protective coat. The fifth finger should be removed from puppies after birth. Strong limbs provide balanced and calm movements. The jerk force is concentrated in the hind legs.
Wool and its color
Malamutes have a hard thick top coat. On the sides of the wool has a different length. Its thickness increases in the neck and shoulders, as well as in the tail suspension and on the paws, forming peculiar pants. Wool should not be soft and too long.
In color the main color is white. It is combined with black, red and other shades. Markings on the forehead and collar are allowed. They give a certain uniqueness to each animal. The muzzle may be completely white or look like a mask in the Malamute breed. Breed description, photos show such features well.
Height and weight are considered in conjunction with other features when this description is produced (Malamute). Breeds (the size of males is 63.5 cm at the withers, and the weight is 38 kg, in females 58.5 cm and 34 kg respectively) have clear characteristics. When evaluating dogs, preference is given to the one that is closest to the standard parameters. The above dimensions are considered ideal for service.
Malamute is one of the most powerful and heavy dogs belonging to the northern breeds. The standard allows some deviations from the ideal parameters, but they should be minimal. Otherwise, the dog will not cope with their work. For accurate growth measurements, the withers grope to exclude distortion calculations due to the large volume of wool.
The Alaskan Malamute is intended for the transport of heavy loads. The description of the breed draws attention to the fact that the dog cannot participate in speed competitions. Deviations from the standard are evaluated by their effect on the performance of the animal. Thus, unhealthy legs, clubfoot, weak pasterns, stilted movements, straight shoulders, slenderness, light bones will be considered serious flaws. The vice that immediately leads to disqualification is blue eyes.
The expression on the face of a dog of this breed is always friendly and playful. The Malamute is extremely sociable. The description of the character must begin with the fact that the dog does not show aggression even to strangers. Gets along well with other pets if they do not claim leadership. In case of disrespect by another dog, the Alaskan Malamute will immediately rush into battle.
Since he originally lived in the company of other members of the breed, the character trait is the desire to get the role of leader in his pack. Therefore, the owner must immediately show firmness in education, if his pet is Malamute.
The description of the character of the dog takes into account without fail. To eradicate undesirable features, it is necessary to spend as much time as possible with small puppies in the first month of life. It is also important from an early age to engage in dog training. It must be remembered that thanks to the high intelligence Malamutes memorize almost everything from the first time, repeats start to tire them. It will be difficult to form the necessary skill if the dog does not see the point in this activity. Pet teams perceives quickly and easily only if they are clear to him. The Alaskan Malamut is not intended for the role of protector, as it treats everyone with friendliness. The watchman is bad, but the impressive view can stop particularly cowardly criminals.
Malamute wool does not need to be combed or washed frequently if the pet lives in a private house. He is able to put himself in order. Shedding takes place twice a year. At this time requires careful combing. On hot days, the dog is best kept away from the sun, as tough and thick hair can cause heat stroke. It is necessary to wash an animal only as needed; it is clean and odorless. Trimming is not necessary, but you need to trim the claws.
Malamute is always active and energetic. An animal of this breed is not suitable for keeping in an apartment. In a private house you need to follow the direction of energy, as the Malamute likes to dig holes and chase small animals.
Описание породы (+характер), фото собаки можно встретить в кинологических журналах. Животное требует к себе уважения и должно заниматься той работой, для которой предназначено. Например, в походах ему можно дать груз, который он с удовольствием будет нести. Собака может сдвинуть объект массой около 400 кг. This skill contributes to its success in weightpulling. But here it is important to remember that Malamut can be trained in this area only when muscles are formed (not earlier than one year after birth). Good exercises will be the following: jogging with the owner in the morning or cycling, in which the animal runs alongside.
Due to the friendly nature of the dog is used in Enim-therapy. Malamute cheers up patients of hospitals. It causes love in children who suffer from various diseases. But in this case it is better to use the bough, as they are more patient.
Summarizing the material on the nature and characteristics of this breed, we can distinguish the following:
1. The dog requires increased attention.
2. It is better not to start it for people with small children.
3. If the dog lives in the apartment, it will often shed. It will have to comb every day.
4. Often selects things for further games with the owner.
5. Mostly friendly with other pets.
6. Perfectly trainable. Does not need commands on raised tones, as he understands everything from the first time. If something does not perform, then the Malamut did not find a meaning in action, and must be explained differently.
7. To strangers is neutral.
8. Digs the ground well.
9. Is an indispensable friend and tireless worker.
The description above will help you learn more about these dogs. Malamute will be your faithful friend!
The origin of the breed
The first mentions of Alaskan Malamutes and the actual name of the breed are associated with the Malamute tribe, who have long been living in Alaska and using dogs to ride and transport goods in the harsh northern conditions.
Later, the Malamutes helped visiting adventurers who flooded Alaska in search of a better life during the gold rush period. Gold miners were interested in breeding strong and enduring dogs; during the experiments, the Malamutes were often crossed with other breeds, so it is now quite difficult to find a purebred specimen.
The Americans attracted the Malamutes to participate in sledding sports. Official recognition of the breed occurred in 1935. In the same period, the Alaskan Malamute Club was organized, headed by President Milton Sealy.
General description of Alaskan Malamute breed
Outwardly, these rather large dogs with thick hair resemble wolves, like other dogs of northern breeds, in particular, Huskies. The basic qualities are strength and endurance, which is the reason for their initial mission - transportation of people and goods, sports competitions.
Malamutes are famous for stubbornness and willfulness.
There are two lines of the breed: powerful, smart and dominant M` Lut and Kotsuba, which is smaller and more pliable. The average life expectancy is 15-17 years. In the litter there are usually 5-6 puppies.
Important: With high mental abilities, Malamutes are famous for their stubbornness and self-will. Therefore, it is necessary from the first days to show the puppy, "who is the boss".
In general, dogs are good-natured, get along well with children and are quite suitable for keeping in a city apartment, of course, provided that the owners provide an intensive physical load to the pet.
The nature of the Alaskan Malamute
Malamutes give the impression of fluffy good-natured luscious, especially adorable puppies. In many ways, this is true, but Do not forget about the extremely freedom-loving nature of these dogs with a tendency to dominate. It is extremely important to educate the Malamutes, if at the exit you do not want to get an impulsive, uncontrollable leader of your small “flock”. Unfortunately, among the Malamutes there are a lot of abandoned dogs, with whom the owners have ceased to cope.
Dogs of this breed are exceptionally intelligent, but just as stubborn. Remembering all the commands from the first time, they may refuse to perform them after two or three repetitions. In this playful and inquisitive.
Friendly, get along well with children, willingly entertain them with active games. In general, Malamutes need intense physical exertion, otherwise the unspent energy of the dog threatens to turn into torn rugs, damaged things and pits dug in the yard.
They are not suitable as guard dogs due to natural friendliness and the absence of aggression, which in representatives of this breed is rather a deviation and requires correction by specialists.
Have a dignity and demand respect. Malamutes are not one of those dogs who will bring you slippers for the hundredth time and fulfill your unwarranted whims.
Tip: Give up buying a Malamute if this is your first dog. Errors in education, inevitable for a beginner, are fraught with serious negative consequences.
Appearance, breed standard and photos of dogs
- The color is found exclusively "wolf" in M‘Lut and more variable in Kotzebue - from black to silver-blue.
- The weight of adult males is about 38 kg., Females - 34 kg. MутLuty can reach 50 and 45kg. respectively.
- The reference height for males is 63.5 cm at the withers, for bitches - 58.5 cm. It is also oriented towards Kotzebue as a specimen of the breed, according to the opinion of most specialists.
- Thick wool with a coarse awn and a soft fluffy undercoat that best protects you from the cold. Wool is covered with a layer of fat and waterproof.
- The proportions are harmonious. The depth of the chest is half the height of the withers. The length of the body is greater than the height from the ground to the top of the withers.
- Wide head with a large muzzle, slightly tapering to the nose. Erect ears sticking out.
- Strong legs and broad shoulders correspond to the original function of the Malamutes as carriers of heavy loads in harsh climatic conditions.
- The tail is a continuation of the line of the back, well pubescent and mobile: lowered in a calm state and stretched slightly backwards when moving.
Separately considered temperament dogs. The breed standard is a mixture of sanguine and phlegmatic temperament - strong, balanced, mobile, capable of long-term loads. Movement should be powerful, smooth and measured.
Alaskan Malamute, compact and sturdy dog.
Deviations from the standards listed above are considered deficiencies and may serve as grounds for disqualification. Also a significant blemish are blue eyes. Purebred Malamutes have brown eyes.
The difference between Alaskan Malamutes and Huskies
Huskies are close relatives of Alaskan Malamutes. Many inexperienced lovers confuse representatives of these breeds. However, there are quite significant differences between them.
The Alaskan Malamute differs from the Husky eye color.
The main difference between the Malamute and the Husky is eye color.. The blue-eyed Malamute is definitely a mixture, while the husky may have both blue and brown eyes, and the representatives of this breed also have a disagreement.
According to the purpose and characteristic movements of the Huskies, sprinters are more likely to be high-speed, and the Malamutes are long-distance stayers capable of carrying significant weights over substantial distances.
In size and weight, the huskies are inferior to the Malamutes. Huskies, depending on the gender weigh 15.5-28 kg. and reach a height of 50.5-60 cm.
Malamute wool is tougher and coarse. Color does not allow stains and blotches. The only possible solid color is white.
Muzzle Husky narrower, and the expression is more "angry" than the Malamute.
The tail of the Malamute resembles a fluttering fan and is directed backward in movement, the Huskies possess the “Fox” tail, in an upward movement.
The ears of the Malamute are widely spaced on the outer sides of the skull, in husky they are planted closer to each other.
Dog's health and diseases
In general, malamutes are healthy dogs with high body resistance to various diseases. The period of growing up is from one and a half to three years, but even after three years there is an increase and physical changes in animals, therefore, it is more appropriate in this case to speak about sexual maturity.
In general, the health of these dogs is very good.
Among the diseases typical of this breed, experts highlight:
- Weakening of pigmentation or “snow nose”, when the nose, lips and the area around the eyes becomes pinkish instead of black. Dogs with this disease should be very carefully displayed in the open sun, because Chance to get a sunburn.
- Genetically mediated progressive retinal atrophy.
- Stomach problems common to all dogs with deep and wide breasts. There are expansion, torsion and torsion of the stomach. The latter are the most dangerous and can be fatal. The causes are not fully investigated.
- Eczema is usually caused by improper diet.
- Hip dysplasia. Manifested with age, in some cases after a year.
Training and training
All Malamutes seek domination, are stubborn and independent, moreover, they possess remarkable will power, in connection with which the training of these dogs will require a lot of patience and perseverance from the owner.
There are several general rules that must be observed in the education of Malamutes:
- Training should begin from the moment the pet appears in your home, but after all the necessary vaccinations.
- It is important to conduct classes systematically and regularly.
- Together with a specialist, determine the current level of load for the dog and stick to it.
- In the process of education show consistency and perseverance. Emotional outbursts, harsh hails, indiscriminate assault are unacceptable.
- Use rewards more often.
- Avoid feeding the dog with hands. Meals are eaten only from their own bowl - this rule should become immutable.
In the process of education rely on the strengths of your dog, choosing classes in which he can with pleasure show his abilities. For example, assign the pet a duty to carry a backpack with food, accustom him to towing various objects, and after two years, when the skeleton gets stronger, you can entrust him with the transportation of his own person.
Remember: As a rule, Malamutes do not choose one master for themselves once and for all. The attachment of these dogs is not enough to conquer, it must also be supported by proper treatment and its own authority.
If you feel that the initiative is slipping away from you and you for some reason cannot cope with the dog's training on your own, timely addressing a specialist will be the only right solution and will help prevent many possible problems.
Interesting facts about the breed
Few people know that many representatives of the Malamutes took a heroic part in the Second World War, which almost caused their disappearance. Since 1947, the population has been gradually restored.
The Alaskan Malamute is an Alaskan talisman.
It was the Alaskan Malamute that was shot in the famous “White Captivity” movie.
There is a hypothesis that the arctic wolf is a distant ancestor of the Malamute.
Dogs of this breed are addicted to digging holes. This behavior is due to the fact that the ancestors of the Malamutes in this way were extracting food from under the snow - various rodents.
Malamute is considered the unofficial mascot of Alaska. and is associated with the "gold rush", which means the spirit of adventurism, change and adventure.
Choosing an Alaskan Malamute puppy
If you have already given your preference to the Alaskan Malamute, it's time to choose a pet. We will try to provide the most complete information regarding the choice of a puppy.
Before you buy an Alaskan Malamute puppy, you must decide for what purpose you are purchasing it.
First of all, you should be clear about your future dog.. Do you want to shine at exhibitions? Or looking for a frisky and active companion for walks in the fresh air? Or maybe your dog's key qualities should be flexibility and learnability? Now that you have decided on your plans and expectations regarding the future pet, you can proceed directly to the selection.
- Choose a cattery. It is important that he was equipped with everything necessary for the maintenance of dogs and had a spacious territory for walking. If the puppies' need for movement is limited, they grow up timid and weak.
- If possible, try to get acquainted with the parents of the future puppy to assess the genetics. Be sure to ask when the pair had a previous litter. The ideal interval between two marks in one pair is one and a half years.
- The optimal age for buying a puppy is eight weeks. It is during this period that you can visually assess some of the shortcomings that may in the future prevent, for example, participation in exhibitions. This is a bad bite, wrong set of tail, defects of the legs or head.
- A healthy puppy is mobile, curious, stands firmly on its feet, and the paws must be set straight, with no signs of clubfoot, and form a straight line throughout its length. Check the purity of the ears, eyes and skin. Under the tail, too, should be clean: dirty felted wool can signal problems with digestion.
- To determine how obedient the dog is to you, do a little test. Playing knocked puppy back and hold, not allowing him to roll over. On how soon the puppy stops resistance, depends on its willingness to obey.
For the rest, rely on intuition. You will certainly pull to "his" dog. Also, it is possible that the puppy will choose you. Such cases are not uncommon and, as a rule, are the key to a complete understanding between humans and animals.
Good-natured attitude towards people in Malamutes is combined with the desire to dominate, and the ability to make decisions independently saved the lives of the owners more than once.
Previously, this breed was virtually unknown in Russia, but in recent years the Malamutes have ceased to be an exotic, small breed, and more and more lovers give their hearts to these dogs. Malamute can disappoint his owner only if the dog was taken spontaneously, without having learned about the peculiarities of the nature and content of this breed.
General characteristics of the breed
Malamut was created to transport goods in a variety of conditions. Dogs of two, four or six dogs could carry all that was necessary. Today, dogs of this breed in Russia are practically not used for their intended purpose, but enthusiasts nevertheless did the impossible: in 2010, at the world purebred race, two Malamutes from our country took the bronze medal!
This tremendous achievement shows that the breed is developing in the right direction, that dogs get what they were created for: work. In racing or towing Malamute virtually no equal: heavy, strong beast has a frenzy of excitement and tremendous endurance.
The appearance of a puppy causes affection: it is a cute, plush goof, from which a huge, energetic dog will soon grow. Adult male striking in its strength and temperamenthowever, with proper upbringing, he is able to live happily in a city apartment. These dogs live for a long time, and acquiring a puppy, it must be borne in mind that the dog will be around for twelve or fifteen years.
Malamutes are very smart, they just teach them different teams, but these dogs have huge obstinacy and quite self-willed. In the family, he almost always tries to take a leadership position, so the owner must immediately determine his superiority and not allow the dog to dominate.
The nature of this breed is fully consistent with its purpose, and the owners very soon realize it. Malamute, highly motivated to work, excellent thick hair and irrepressible energy, requires attention for most of the day.
You should not expect that after an hour’s walk the dog will calmly fall asleep on his rug. The desire for action makes him nibble and spoil things, rush around the apartment and dig huge pits in the yard. The Malamute owner must be ready for long runs, intensive training with a pet and regular games. Only having matured, at the age of three years, the pet becomes more sedate and calm.
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Excellent appearance, silk wool, charming look - all this accurately describes the Shih Tzu. Beautiful, not a dog!
Attitude to children
There are small children in many families where the Malamut lives happily. Dogs of this breed are not good nannies, but they are fully capable of coexisting with a child. Adult family members should ensure that the puppy does not show aggression towards the child, and prevent any conflicts. Most likely, the growing dog and the child will be best friends, making noisy games.
If the baby appears in a family with an adult dog, then the task of the parents is establish the rule of immunity of the baby. While the baby is sleeping peacefully in a stroller, it is not interesting for the dog, but when the child begins to crawl and walk, he is exposed to a certain danger.
Adults should always be close to the child, even if the dog is very friendly. И дело не в том, что маламут может внезапно напасть или укусить: собаки этой породы добродушны. Просто сильный и крупный пес может уронить, толкнуть и испугать.
Особенности дрессировки и воспитания
Щенок маламута – это очень смышленый и подвижный малыш, который рано стремится установить свои законы в стае. Воспитание щенка должно быть твердым и последовательным, с обилием дозированных по возрасту физических нагрузок.
Training can begin immediately after the acquisition of the baby, gradually accustoming him to tidiness, simple commands and calling. From four months, after quarantine for vaccinations, you can begin to visit the training site. There, the puppy will not only be accustomed to discipline, but will also find friends in noisy games, will communicate with dogs.
Socialization is an important stage in the life of a puppy, habituation to various stimuli - cars, extraneous sounds - strengthens the nervous system and makes it successful residence in the city. Even if the puppy lives in a country house, it is necessary to display it on city streets, to accustom to communication.
Malamutes are able to master the general course of training, if the master is persistent enough. Malamutes do not possess protective qualities, these huge dogs are not able to protect the house and the owner from the malefactor, however they can be very aggressive to other dogs, to chase a cat or a bird.
Features care and maintenance
Malamut needs wool care, especially often it is necessary to comb it during the period of molting. Thick wool allows you to keep the animal in the open air all year round, Malamutes are not afraid of the frost, and in the summer their wool significantly thins.
Dogs of this breed need many hours of jogging, regular classes, allowing to train the mind and muscles. Even the content in the yard of a private house does not save the Malamute master from walking with the dog, as the dog starts howling from idleness, digging huge pits and destroying everything that gets caught.
Most Malamute owners feed their dogs with natural food, usually porridge from a mixture of cereals, cooked in broth with the addition of pieces of beef trimmings or tripe.
Malamutes have good health, however, sometimes suffer from allergies, so the quality of the finished dry food should be high enough. In the period of intensive loads: preparation for races, exhibitions, it is best to use high-protein ready-made feed.
Dogs of this breed not prone to obesity, because it is very mobile.
Choosing a puppy
A Malamute puppy is best purchased in nurseries with a registered factory set-top box or from private breeders. It is important that the puppy has documents RKF or SCOR - these are official organizations. So-called club documents are always risk of blood and blood dogs or other defects of the exterior or psyche.
Puppy age at the time of purchase may vary. from one month to four. Proponents of acquiring a monthly puppy explain this by saying that the baby still does not have time to acquire various bad habits, living in a flock, and is more attached to the owner. Adherents of older puppies indicate that only an older puppy can more accurately determine the exterior makings.
At any age, a Malamute puppy must be curious, active and have a good appetite. He has no big belly, paws thick and straight, thick tail and a lively look. The color of the puppy corresponds to the color of the adult dog, the color of the eyes must be dark and the coat thick and fluffy. A puppy with a great exhibitional perspectives should have not only excellent appearance, but also bold, self-confident behavior.
Price for puppies
A Malamute puppy with a great show perspective can be worth up to 100 thousand rubles. Puppy price without documents does not exceed 10-15 thousand. Such a difference in price is due to the fact that a promising puppy can take first place at prestigious exhibitions, win competitions and start breeding, giving high-quality offspring. A puppy without documents is deprived of all these joys, remaining just a pet.
Not only the documents affect the value of the puppy, but also parents regalia. For example, the offspring of the titled winner of world exhibitions will cost an order of magnitude more expensive than puppies from the Champion of Russia, and children from a couple with only “excellent” marks have the lowest cost.
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Advantages and disadvantages
- good nature to people
- desire to dominate
- excessive autonomy,
- good nature
As can be seen from the list of advantages and disadvantages, they are extremely subjective, since one owner wants his pet to protect the house, and the other needs the dog to be fully engaged in the work, not paying attention to people.
We can say one thing: the Malamut is not intended for quiet pastime, and a child or even a teenager cannot become its owner. The desire for domination and stubbornness of these dogs, with the right upbringing, are smoothed out, and as a result, a magnificent dog full of dignity and energy grows up.
Malamute is an ideal dog for lovers of extreme relaxation, hiking and skiing, because then the dog is next to the owner most of the time, understanding him from the first word. Malamutes are very smart and it is a great pleasure to communicate with them, but for this you need to ensure your pet has a comfortable life with frequent and long walks.
Breed description Alaskan Malamute
The Alaskan Malamute is very impressive in size and is one of the largest sled dogs.
- Males of this breed are larger than bitches. On average, height and weight of an adult dog (dog) - 63.5 cm, 38 kg, females - 58.5 cm, 34 kg, respectively.
- The torso is strong and compact, the chest is deep, muscular.
- The neck is strong, moderately long.
- The muzzle in relation to the skull is large, wide, black nose.
- The ears are triangular in shape, small in size, set wide apart.
- Wool thick, hard. The length of the coat can vary in every part of the body.
- Tail in shape continues the line of the spine, fluffy, curled to the top in the form of a ring.
- The front legs are large and strong, the hind legs are wide and muscular.
IMPORTANT! According to the breed standard, the Alaskan Malamute must have very strong and healthy limbs. Any indication of non-compliance with this standard is a serious deviation from the norm!
The most popular colors of Alaskan Malamutes:
Red and white colors are a little less common.
The only monochromatic color that is allowed in this breed is white.
Black color is characteristic of the Alaskan Malamute, it protects it from the powerful ultraviolet radiation inherent in the Arctic climate.
These are energetic and independent dogs that love attention.
- Equally friendly with both adults and children.
- Gullible to strangers, which prevents them from becoming good guards.
- They love active games and freedom.
- In relation to their relatives often aggressive. Hard to get along with new pets (especially with dogs).
- Very intelligent and freedom-loving, often stubborn.
- Puppies of this breed are more mobile and more active than adult dogs.
The main feature of the breed is that Malamutes rarely bark, often emitting deaf sounds that mimic the "grumbling".
Malamutes have a stubborn and capricious character, so do not delay the education of a puppy - start learning the commands from the very first days of the appearance of the pet in the family.
Starting the training of the animal, read the tips of experts, thanks to which you will learn how to raise an obedient pet:
- with the advent of a puppy in your home, let me know at once that you are the master here,
- give the dog a nickname and train him to respond to it,
- you need to train with a dog every day,
- explain the commands clearly and concisely, without the use of shouting and brute force,
- alternate your pet's encouragement with words and treats,
- practice in the form of a game while walking or at home
- giving commands, focus on the letter "p", it will give your voice some kind of impressiveness.
If you do not have the opportunity to train your pet, give it to the hands of qualified dog specialists. Start the process of education for gravity - you risk getting an uncontrollable and quirky animal.
Care and maintenance
Before you get a pet, the owner should ask how many dogs of his chosen breed live. The life span of an Alaskan Malamute is 12-15 years. Despite its thick coat and impressive size, taking care of Malamutes at home is a pleasure! Let's take a closer look at how to care for this breed, how to wash and how to feed a puppy and an adult dog.
Hygiene and dog health
- Malamutes are very clean, they need to be washed every two months.
- It is necessary to brush the dog three times a week with a brush with metal bristles. Molt this breed twice a year.
- Trim the claws need once a fortnight special scissors.
- Ears should be cleaned once a week using a cotton pad or a dry cloth.
- Be sure to brush your Malamute teeth several times a week with a special toothpaste. Do not forget to explore the oral cavity and gum condition.
- In females puberty occurs early - at 8-12 months. Experts say that the best age for mating in a bitch begins with 20 months, in the male with 2 years old. For a healthy and thoroughbred litter of Alaskan Malamute you need to choose a decent pair for your pet.
The Alaskan Malamute is a very clean breed of dogs, it has almost no smell.
What to feed
Despite the large size of the Alaskan Malamute, its caloric need is significantly lower than other breeds with similar height and weight. Therefore, it is important not to overfeed the pet, as these dogs are prone to obesity. Their nutrition must be balanced.
Experienced breeders recommend feeding Malamutes with both natural food and ready-made food. Depending on the age and health of the dog, the diet and the number of feedings will vary. A puppy should be fed no more than three times a day, an adult pet - only once. Be sure to build a feeding schedule and strictly follow it.
In the diet of a puppy should certainly be present:
- cottage cheese,
- finely ground meat (better beef),
- sea fish (boiled, boneless),
- milk porridges,
- chicken eggs (once a week),
- raw and cooked vegetables (except potatoes).
As they grow up, the dog is transferred to ready-made professional premium food, thanks to which it is easier to provide a complete pet ration. In no case can Malamut be fed with sweets, smoked and spicy foods! This can lead to serious health problems for your pet.
IMPORTANT! Malamute is a capricious dog. Once having tasted a very tasty but harmful delicacy, he may simply refuse to accept other foods for several days until he receives the desired treat!
How much is a puppy
Decided to have a puppy Alaskan Malamute? Then you need to have information about where to buy a puppy and how much it costs. Let's start with the price. If you want to have a dog in the category of "pet" and the pedigree for you does not matter, then the price in the kennel will start from 35,000 rubles. Dogs for breeding with good heredity will cost more - from 57,000 rubles. Puppies with a show perspective will be the most expensive. The price for them can reach up to 130,000 rubles.
Be sure to read all the information about the nursery before buying a puppy, look at the reviews, ask questions. Specify detailed information about the parents of the pet: what diseases were sick, how many puppies are in the litter, what sizes? Find out what fed the baby, whether vaccinations were necessary for his age, etc. If you plan to attract a dog to participate in exhibitions, by all means learn about the achievements and titles of parents.
Alaskan Malamute - very intelligent, kind and active dogs. Having decided to have a puppy of this breed, you get not only a reliable and cheerful dog, but also a friend for the whole family.