Birds

Pushkin breed of chickens: what did she like so much to the poultry farmers?

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Pushkin chicken was bred in our country at the Research Institute of the Agricultural Academy in 1976-2005. Such popular breeds as leggorn, Australorp, Moscow whites and cross Broiler-6 were used as parents. Selection was carried out by free mating, as well as group selection by live weight and exterior. Pushkinsky chickens were approved as breed in 2007. At the moment it is one of the most popular in Russia. This is the only breed bred in our country over the past 30 years.

Appearance

Pushkin chicken mottled or striped look very beautiful. In layers, the plumage is fluffy with a beautiful white undersize. Thanks to the latter, the carcass of these chickens has a very attractive appearance. Pushkin cockerels have a white color with rare dark spots. The main features of this breed include:

  • A high, non-thick neck with a pronounced feather mane.
  • Sharply bent down ivory beak.
  • White high legs with four fingers.
  • White curled claws.
  • Trapezoid body tapering towards the tail.
  • Wide chest.
  • Vertically set tail.
  • Slightly down wings.
  • Dense fluffy plumage.
  • Rose-shaped low red comb with pronounced spikes.
  • Bulging orange eyes.

The skin of this bird is completely white, without any shades. In some farms, Pushkin chicken and other colors are bred. However, motley (with black) in chickens and pure white in cockerels is still the most common.

Pushkin Breed Reviews

The temper of these chickens is rather phlegmatic and very benevolent. Feedback from farmers about this breed is simply wonderful. With another poultry Pushkin get along very easily. If something scares them, they do not begin to fuss, like layers of other breeds, but simply press themselves to the ground and calm down. Catching a chicken if necessary is completely easy. There is never a conflict between the layers of this breed - neither because of food, nor because of the nests.

Quickness is another undoubted advantage of such a bird as Pushkin's chickens. Reviews about them in this regard from the owners of private plots are also very good. These wonderful birds understand the requirements of the owners literally instantly. Such an appeasable nature is one of the main reasons for the enormous popularity of Pushkin hens among homeowners.

Productivity

For the most part, Pushkin's chickens, of which there are only positive reviews on the Internet, are kept for the sake of eggs. One layer can postpone up to 260 pcs. in year. But this, of course, a record. However, even under normal conditions of detention, less than 200 pcs. in the year the owners usually do not receive. Pushkin rush start pretty early. Their eggs can have both pure white and light cream shell. In size, they are quite large. The weight of eggs can vary from 58 to 61 g. The taste of their qualities, judging by the reviews of farm owners, is simply wonderful.

Fertility in Pushkin eggs is very good - 95%. At the same time, the survival rate of young animals is excellent - 95%. Adult chickens - under normal conditions of detention - about 87%.

Pushkin meat is also very tasty. As in the case of egg breeds, the extra mates, and also chickens, are slaughtered in the brood after a decrease in productivity after several years (4-6). These birds grow quite large. The weight of the rooster reaches 2.5 kg, the hen - 1.8-2 kg.

Care features

Pushkin chicken is kept in about the same conditions as the hens. That is, the floor method is usually used in an unheated shed. This bird is not afraid of frost at all. When it was placed on it, one of the main accents was made. Fluffy plumage, high legs and even a small crest pressed to the head, it is practically impossible to freeze frost - all this allows to successfully keep chickens even in the most severe climate of the middle zone and Siberia.

Feel good Pushkin striped mottled chickens will be in the house, built entirely of any material. However, the concrete walls will still need to be warmed. Usually, a shed for chickens of this breed is erected from sleepers or made frame-shield. A very thick layer of sawdust or straw should be laid on the floor. In winter, it will serve as a "heater".

Perches are located at a height of 70-80 cm. Nests can be nailed to the wall of the shed. Under the windows of them, as well as perches, do not have. Despite good health and endurance, the chickens of this breed, like any other, are afraid of drafts.

Breeding characteristics

Pushkin breed of chickens, reviews of which allow to judge it as very calm, can produce quite viable and productive offspring. Despite the docile nature, cockerels are very active. Usually on 20-25 hens give birth to one such "macho". If there are fewer hens in the farm, you should leave the rooster quieter with them. Due to such a high activity of gentlemen, unfertilized eggs in the nests almost never happens.

The instinct of brooding by these birds is practically lost. In some cases, Pushkin may sit on the egg. However, chicks usually incubate more than two weeks, and then just throws. Therefore, eggs are usually laid in an incubator.

Feeding features

Since the Pushkin breed of chickens, whose reviews from private traders are really good, is related to the meat-yielding direction of productivity, feed its representatives should be a little different from that of ordinary layers. Chickens of this variety are slightly prone to overeating. Overfeeding such a bird is not recommended. The fat deposited on the internal organs will inhibit the hormonal regulation of egg production. However, underfed birds, of course, also impossible.

On average, chickens of meat-yachting breeds are given about 15–20% more feed than regular laying hens. The diet of this bird includes such products as:

  • whole grain (preferably at least two species),
  • shredder (also two types),
  • wheat bran,
  • boiled potatoes,
  • fresh vegetables,
  • greens (nettle, quinoa, carrot and beet tops, etc.),
  • reverse,
  • fodder yeast, bone meal, salt, shells.

Pushkin's motley breed of chickens should get wet mashes in such quantity that they are eaten completely in about 40 minutes. To allow their souring can not in any case.

Feeding schedule

The schedule for filling the feeders of Pushkin hens should be something like this:

  • at 6 am, the bird is given whole grains, about 1/3 of the daily norm,
  • at 8 o'clock in the morning you can put a wet mash of vegetables with the addition of bran,
  • at 12 o'clock again give grated vegetables,
  • at 18 h, grain is again applied (the remaining 2/3).

Before collecting eggs for incubation, that is, during the period of fertilization, it is advisable to give food to the males in separate feeders. In order for the chickens not to eat them, they are nailed to the wall of the shed at a certain height. Chickens to feed in this case will be able to reach, and the hens - no. To improve the reproductive ability of food add 50 g of germinated grain per head. Also during this period, males should be given special preparations enriched with vitamins A and E (20 g per 1 kg of feed).

Of course, the chickens (Pushkin striped and motley) also need fine gravel. It contributes to grinding feed. Place it in a hen house in separate containers.

How did the breed appear?

Pushkin breed of chickens

To breed Pushkin hens, birds of such species as astrolorp females and leggorn males were crossed.

The first are of mixed type with high meat and egg quality indicators, and the second - representatives of the most productive in terms of egg production.

The best features of the progenitors included the Pushkin breed. And in order to increase the body weight of a new variety, its crossing with the Moscow crosses “Broiler-6” was used.

Today there are two basic types of hens of the Pushkin breed:

  • bred in St. Petersburg,
  • received in Sergiev Posad.

When breeding in Sergiev Posad, fewer progenitor breeds were used, so the bird was more stable in its performance. In the St. Petersburg variety, egg production is higher, but body weight is less.

Features of appearance

By tradition, in Russia, Pushkin’s breed is called “village”. But the appearance of the bird shows absolutely the opposite. Her posture looks royal. A large role in the creation of such a visual effect is given to the high legs of the chickens, as well as to the vertically set tail.

Pushkin hens have a small but elongated head. It ends with a medium length beak, bent at the tip. On top there is a scallop, having a rose-like shape and complemented by a large spike. Eyes slightly convex, painted in bright orange tones.

The head is planted on a long neck, decorated with a lush mane. Such a description of chickens indicates their spectacular appearance compared to other "village" breeds.

The body of the body of Pushkin's chickens has a trapezoidal shape, has a considerable width. The wings of the bird are long, lowered to the level of the legs. The disproportion of the length of the body and the height of the chickens makes them visually sturdy.

Both the hens and the roosters are distinguished by large metatarsus and spread fingers on the paws.

The color of the bird is also stately, bright, noticeable - motley. Under feathers piedushki have white fluff. Males are often white.

You can see the motley breed of chickens in the photo below:

Breed characteristic

Pushkin striped motley breed differs in specific performance characteristics, which we propose to consider in more detail in the table:

The hens of the laying hen during the first year of egg laying are characterized by much higher productivity, which then tends to decrease. Known in practice are also cases where it was possible to get about 290 eggs in the first year of laying from one individual. The chicken product is large in size, covered with a light cream-colored shell. Roosters of this breed differ in juicy meat.

The nature of the birds of this breed is very calm. They, unlike their relatives of other species, having sensed the danger, do not raise clucks and do not fuss. Self-preservation instinct makes them squat tightly to the ground and quietly hide.

Features of keeping and feeding

Pushkin's hens are unpretentious regarding habitat conditions. Since the selection was carried out on the territory of Russia, the poultry farmers made every effort to provide them (including chickens) with the genetic ability to adapt to any weather conditions that may occur in the domestic expanses. Therefore, it is recommended to adhere to the basic rules for arranging the place of residence of chickens, since they do not differ in special requirements.

In relation to the distribution of birds, it is important to consider that for one male it is considered the optimal number from 20 to 25 females. If there are not enough hens for several roosters in the same territory, there may be “cock fighting”. Therefore, it is recommended to resettle "extra" males in other chicken coops.

FOOTNOTE. Pushkin breed chickens do not fly and do not have natural abilities to run fast. In this regard, the breed is convenient for breeding in those farms where there is a spacious, open place for walking.

In feeding, the Pushkin breed of chickens is also picky. The poultry farmer will not need to buy expensive feed, since it is quite possible to do with cereals and standard feed. For birds of this variety, it is recommended to give both feeds, but at different times of the day, alternating.

The advantages and difficulties of growing

Feedback from breeders and private farmers about the breed is positive. Among the brightest advantages stand out:

  • the ability to adapt to conditions with high and low air temperatures in both adult and chickens,
  • high egg production and tasty meat,
  • unpretentiousness regarding feeding,
  • positive dynamics of egg fertilization,
  • high safety and survival of young,
  • strong immunity.

Among the negative sides, the inertia of the bird is called the inability to run: if for the owner it is a “plus”, because one does not have to go into the pursuit of the chicken that has flown out of the aviary, then this feature has a negative effect on the bird's body.

Cost at poultry farms

Pushkin motley chickens are grown in many private farms and poultry farms in Russia. Purchasing them for further breeding is not difficult. Among the well-known farms that contain the breed are “Farm +” (Gatchina, Leningrad Region), “Chicken Yard” (Apsheronsk in the Krasnodar Territory), Incubatoria (Chekhov, Moscow Region), “Genofond” (Sergiev Posad) Moscow region) and others.

The average cost is:

  • incubation eggs for one copy - from 50 to 70 rubles,
  • one daily chicken - from 150 to 200 rubles,
  • one adult individual - from 1.5 to 3 thousand rubles, depending on age.
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You can get acquainted in more detail with how Pushkin's chickens look and behave in their habitats by watching the video:

St. Petersburg line

The breed has been developed since the mid 70s. to 2005 in the Experimental Farm of NIIRG in Pushkin under the name Pushkin striped and motley (striped and motley leggorn). The authors position it as an egg, but it would be more correct to call it egg-and-meat, since it is heavier than ordinary hens of the egg direction.

The bird is strong, beautiful, resistant to adverse weather conditions. The hens of the Pushkin breed of the St. Petersburg breeding can be described as black-and-white, as if powdered with snow, under white swelling. Roosters are light, with small dark spots. The head is small, elongated. Medium sized light beak curved.

The crest of the cocks is well developed, pinkish, the earrings are large. The buds are white and pink. The neck is long, the mane stands out well. The broad back tapers towards the tail. The tail is vertical, developed. Hocks are thick, white. Legs are powerful, claws are white. Long wings slightly down. Chickens are yellow, with a dark spot on the back and neck.

Adult chickens have a live weight of 1.8-2.5 kg, and roosters - 2.6-3 kg. For the year from one chicken you can get about 220 eggs with a weight of 58-60 g. The meat is delicious, carcasses have a good presentation.

At 1.5 months 825 grams. - An excellent indicator for the egg breed.

Moscow line

Pushkin striped and motley hen of Sergiev Posad breeding is really a striped bird. Only two parent breeds participated in its creation, in contrast to the "St. Petersburg", where they worked with four source codes. Dark motley not only chickens, but also roosters. Dominant leaf ridge. The legs are yellow.

Conditions of detention and feeding

These chickens are unpretentious, hardy. The bird is very resistant to diseases, both infectious and catarrhal. Overwinter easily in unheated but insulated chicken coops. At the same time, roosters with a pinkish ridge more easily tolerate frosts, while leaf-like ridges can be frostbite.

The main condition for a normal wintering is good feeding. Then the chickens do not even cease to trot. Having laid them on the floor the remains of hay from feeding domestic cattle, you can add greens to their diet. It is good to add pumpkin, cabbage, zucchini, dried nettles to feed.

With cellular content, Pushkinskii is unable to unlock the full potential of productivity. In this photo - a compromise between free range and the cage: a spacious pen in the grid.

At temperatures above -10, you can safely release chickens for a walk. If they have the opportunity to rummage in the dunghill, even better.

In the warm season, Pushkins well forage. Therefore, it is desirable to have a fenced place for grazing. It is undesirable to let go for free grazing, as the breed is calm, sluggish. When threatened by birds of prey or dogs, they may simply not have time to react.

If there is no possibility of grazing, you need to give green grass, hanging it in bunches in several places, chopped vegetables, freshly mown hay.

Calcium should be available - in the form of chalk, seashells. With its shortage, birds can start pecking eggs.

When feeding for chickens, compound feeds are used for egg breeds, and when fattening extra cocks are used - for broilers. Although Pushkin's chickens are unpretentious in the diet, it must be borne in mind that they carry large eggs, so they need more and better food.

In the photo - 3-month pullets, bought in the gene pool in St. Petersburg (2015).

Reproduction

Roosters of Pushkin breed are very active. They reach sexual maturity by about five months (by standard). However, chickens are beginning to drive from one and a half months. One rooster is able to lead a herd of 25 heads. If there are few chickens, it will affect their egg production. Therefore, extra cockerels are separated at the age of not older than two months.

Such activity leads to a high degree of fertilization of eggs. The standard is recorded specimen 90-95%. But the owners of the farmsteads claim that the fertility is almost one hundred percent. Even two yolk often become fertilized. True, they are not used for incubation.

For incubation choose flat, clean eggs of medium size. Here the reviews from farmers vary. Для одних хозяйств средним оказывается вес в 55-60 г, для других – около 70 г. Но с крупными яйцами есть опасность, что они будут плохо переворачиваться в инкубаторе.In this case, they are enclosed under a clip, for example, a little bit. The "guns" themselves are not particularly keen to incubate, although farmers talk about such cases.

Three-day-old chickens (photo sent by Daria Kuznetsova, Vyborg, Leningrad region).

The hatchability of chickens according to the standard is 80%. But even here the majority of those who keep Pushkin’s breed call higher rates (90-95%). And the previous figure leads when the egg too long reached the place of incubation. They also note that the Pushkins together hatch on day 19-20, before other breeds.

Chickens grow quickly, actively gaining weight. At the same time, they are not afraid of accidental decrease in temperature or abrupt change of feed. Actively eat various insects, grass.

Seven-day-old chicks weigh an average of about 80 grams.

According to the farmers, starting feed for broilers of the company “Purina” is the most suitable feed. From two weeks you can go to the broiler broiler. And from one month of age add QC for it to young egg species with a gradual transition to the last one completely. Males separated from the main herd, you can continue to feed food for broilers.

14-day babies: the change of down for a feather is in full swing.

disadvantages

  1. Excessive activity of roosters. If the "guns" are few, it is better to add to the herd of chickens of another egg breed, so that there would be at least 15 girlfriends for one rooster.
  2. With over-feeding, the chickens start to carry too large double yolk eggs. And with the continuation of such feeding can freeze and stop rushing.
  3. Cocks are hatched much more than chickens. If the main goal of the farm is to get eggs for sale, this is a big minus. But experienced farmers then advise leaving an adult (two to three year old) rooster to the tribe, claiming that there will be more chickens in his offspring.
  4. Sometimes there is a pecking of eggs. A balanced diet with plenty of calcium, long walks in the sun and an ultraviolet lamp in the winter will help to cope with this problem.
  5. Some owners do not like the calm nature of Pushkin and the weak ability to respond to danger in the form of birds of prey or dogs.

But all these disadvantages outweigh the excellent qualities of Pushkin: endurance, cold resistance, unpretentiousness, the ability to find additional food, the ability to produce many large tasty eggs for several years and tasty meat for broth.

On the photo - pullets of the motley Pushkin breed are foraged in the aviary (photo by Alexei Kremenchug, Mogilyov)

Failed experiment

Often, people who buy chickens of the Pushkin breed are surprised: it is written that they cannot fly at all and run badly. But in fact, they rush fairly quickly and can fly over a half meter fence. Maybe it's not them at all?

In fact, there were reports that Pushkin chicken was bred without wing feathers on its wings. And even a few dozen of such "local ostriches" seem to inhabit the territory of the Experimental Economy of NIIGRZh. But judging by the fact that this bird did not reach the general public, the sign of "non-volatility" could not be fixed. It's a pity. Then Pushkin precisely would become an ideal bird for a farmer's farmstead.

Acquisition

From the foregoing, it becomes apparent that the center of growing chickens is St. Petersburg, namely the enterprise "Genofund" in Pushkin. It is there that the easiest to buy and hatching eggs, and live birds.

As a rule, the best deals appear twice a year: at the beginning of winter and at the end of summer, when the breeding stock is sold out. More information about buying on our catalog page: http://webferma.com/catalog/fgup-genofond-pushkin.html

In Moscow, everything is somewhat more complicated. Demand exceeds supply, and in good farms one has to sign up for chickens for several months. As one of the options - you can turn to Natalia in the Alexander district of the Moscow region, der. Alexino. Her phone number is +7 (905) 581-45-31

Chelyabinsk residents are lucky: Vilena and Koko LPH operates on their territory, where you can buy an incubator egg of Pushkin hens for 50 rubles each. Telephone management: +7 (912) 890-70-10.

Pushkin breed of chickens

Considering the history of the origin of this cross, first of all it would be worth emphasizing that, according to official data, it has existed for about ten years. Different breeds were used to produce quota, even broilers were used.

The full list of source positions is as follows:

Diet and feeding features

Speaking about the feeding of Pushkin's cross, it is appropriate to note their unpretentiousness - they are quite costly with simple compound feeds and cereals. Both are recommended to give to birds at different times - twice a day.

You can feed more often, but in smaller portions, since walking freely, they can easily find food for themselves.

Health and some distinctive features

This point in the breeding of Pushkin birds is equally valid for both cross lines.

Chicks have a very high survival rate - about 90%, however, mature birds can expect to die up to 13%. Most often, the cause of death is the progress of a disease.

If you notice unusual signs of chicken behavior, the bird has become sluggish or the productivity of egg production has fallen - you should immediately contact a specialist. It is possible that the chicken is infected and this can lead to its death, as well as spread to all birds of the flock.

The above information allows us to consolidate the understanding that the Pushkin Klusha is the best option from the category of domestic poultry farming. These chickens can be both egg-laying and meat, and can become domestic hooks, wonderful pets for children.

With this review we tried to cover the most important points that characterize the species under consideration. We sincerely wish you, our readers, prosperity and success! We would be grateful if you subscribe to site updates.

In turn, we will try to provide relevant articles on poultry. Do not forget to share the read material in social networks, it will also be useful for your loved ones to study the information about highly productive layers.

Good luck!


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