- Other possible dog names: AFL, Easten-Sibirian Laika.
- Adult dog height: The height of a dog in withers varies from 57 to 70 cm, females - from 53 to 65 cm.
- Weight: approximately 20-23 kg, some individuals reach 35-40 kg.
- Characteristic color: Caramy (black and tan), black and white, black or white, zonar, red, gray, fawn, spotted, with the exception of bright red, brindle color. Nose with a black color, brown nose is considered a disadvantage.
- Wool length: The AFL coat is straight, stiff, with a thick undercoat that allows the dog to easily tolerate the harsh Siberian frosts. On the neck wool forms a rich collar. On the paws, the muzzle of the hair is short and coarse.
- Lifespan: about 12-15 years.
- Breed advantages: differ in excellent health, endurance, are not aggressive towards a person, but are very vigilant and can be not only hunters, but also excellent watchmen.
- The complexity of the breed: not suitable for maintenance in an apartment and needs great physical exertion.
- Average price: without pedigree, but with good working qualities, you can buy an East Siberian Husky puppy for $ 130, and with a pedigree - twice as expensive, about $ 260.
The history of the origin of the East Siberian husky
East Siberian Like - hunting dog breed formed in Russia and popular with hunters. East Siberian husky as a breed was formed without purposeful selection in natural conditions. Their ancestors are dogs that lived and worked in the vast Siberian and Ural expanses.
The first mentions of the AFL belong to the XIX century, when the active development of Siberia began. The migrants could get acquainted with these unique dogs by contacting the local population, which used the huskies as hunting and sled dogs. At that time, only dogs that showed excellent hunting qualities were valued and allowed to breed. Particularly appreciated and is still considered the best karamisty (black and tan) color, named after the eponymous taiga village Karam, where dogs of this color were bred.
The most popular in our time AFL deserved from hunters.
Purpose and character of East Siberian husky
East Siberian Like - born hunterwhich is used by hunters for hunting both fur animals (sable), game, and large wild animals (bear, ungulates, lynx). In the northern regions of Russia, it is often possible to meet AFL working in a harness - strength and endurance allow likes to calmly carry cargo.
The East Siberian husky can be used as a watchman, but this “profession” is not a profile for a dog, all the more so as it is quite difficult to live on a leash for this freedom-loving beast.
East Siberian Like not aggressive and does not differ viciousness to man. She gets along well with the owner and his family members. The dog treats strangers incredulously and notifies the owners that the stranger is approaching with a loud barking.
Working husky is a relatively calm and balanced dog, which can be not only a hunter, but also an excellent companion. In the absence of physical activity and work such a dog may become hyperactive.
How to choose an East Siberian husky puppy
Choosing an East Siberian Husky Puppy need to start by choosing his parents. Decide what you want to get from the dog. If you are an avid hunter, then you need to look for litter, born from two working dogs.
For exhibitions you can buy a puppy with good appearance, but we note that in this case, you better take a teenage puppy when it is already clear whether it will be promising at exhibitions. In general, taking the baby from the mother and bringing it to a new home can already at the age of 1.5-2 months.
It is also important to decide on the sex of the future puppy - males can be used for hunting all year round, but the bitch - only during the absence of estrus.
Nicknames for East Siberian husky
Husky name should be sonorous and easy to pronounce and to understand the dog. It should be well and clearly heard in the forest. It is best to use the names of animals, elements as a dog name for a husky.
Dog Nicknames: Beck, Buyan, Cupid, Bars, Wind.
Bitch Nicknames: Squirrel, Lada, Naida, Mira, Vesta.
Maintenance and care of East Siberian husky
AFL is not a lap dog, and in the apartment it is not recommended to keep, especially if you are a lazy person and do not like playing sports. In a city apartment without hunting and movement the dog will die.
Best of all, an East Siberian husky lives in an aviary with periodic exits to the forest, but do not forget about the daily dog walking - it's good if the aviary is located in a private house where the dog can run out. Walk and should be the territory of the house - likes to communicate with the outside world.
Husk should be combed out 1-2 times a week with a comb; during the molting period, use a puhoderka.
What to feed East Siberian husky
Laika - unpretentious eating and not prone to food allergies dog. An adult dog is enough to feed 2 times a day. Portion size depends on the amount of physical activity. It is also worth remembering that Working huskies are fed as follows: in the morning they give 1/3 of the daily ration of food, and after the hunt - the remaining 2/3.
Training and education of East Siberian husky
Huskies are easy to train due to a sharp mind and intelligence - even a novice dog breeder can handle it., but natasku on the beast should produce an experienced hunter. Also AFL requires early socialization and communication with other dogs.
Remember that likes tend to dominateso make it clear to the dog who is the master of the house, but without cruelty - with a husky, as with any other dog, it is best to practice using the “positive reinforcement” technique.
Owner reviews on East Siberian Laika
These are innate hunters, universal dogs, they work on any animal - even a pheasant, even a bear! They are not afraid of anything. But I am against such dogs living in an apartment - these are free animals who love work.
This is a dog with autonomy and perseverance. She will go without thinking even to the bear. Easy to learn. Puppies are expensive, but they are worth it - my husband is a hunter, I know what I'm saying.
No matter what they say, but AFL lives in our apartment and feels great. Husband goes with her to hunt and always returns with prey. With children, the dog gets along perfectly and is very smart - even a leash on the street never pulls.
On the Siberian and Far Eastern lands, huskies were actively used as hunters for various animals, for work in teams, for housing protection. Representatives of this breed were selected in a natural way, and no one was engaged in their selection. Their ancestors were local aboriginal dogs.
The appearance of the first standard occurred in the 40s of the 20th century, and in the 60s, those who wanted to do breeding work responded. A nursery was opened in Irkutsk, whose experts not only bred East Siberian huskies, but also paid attention to improving the pedigree qualities of their wards.
The period of the collapse of the USSR had a negative impact on the development of the breed: the nurseries were closed, many purebred huskies were on the street and mixed with the mongrels. Today the breed is at the stage of recovery, nurseries and breeders appear, but still very far from the former popularity.
Breed description East Siberian Like
The representatives of this breed have great instinct, hearing and sharp eyesight. In addition, there are few competitors in strength, endurance, courage - in the fight with the beast, these qualities in the Huskies appear very clearly. These cute dogs have a passion for hunting and feel best while living outside the city.
According to the classification of the International Cynological Federation, the standard number of Eastern European likes - 305, was approved in 1980. It contains the following description of purebreds:
- The backbone is strong, well developed.
- Head - wedge-shaped, the cranial part is wide, the occipital hillock is well defined. The length of the muzzle is almost equal to the length of the cranium, and the nose line is parallel to its upper part.
- The nose is small, with open nostrils, most often pigmented with black color, but in dogs with light pale or white coat it may be brown.
- Ears - in the form of triangles with pointed ends, set high, obliquely.
- Eyes - small, oval, interested, attentive look, iris of brown tone, down to black.
- Teeth - a complete set, with large canines, bite correct, like "scissors".
- Torso - compact, proportional, harmonious, with a well-muscled, strong neck, a wide, well-developed chest, a wide, slightly convex, lumbar belt. The croup is extended, the belly line is tucked up.
- Limbs - stand straight, parallel to each other, the rear are placed slightly wider than the front, stable, with rounded legs, fingers flattened, according to the rules, it is necessary to remove dewclaws.
- Tail - a decent length, folded ring, located on the thigh or arched in the form of a sickle.
Eastern European husky has a decent size when compared to other species, growth females range from 53 to 61 cm, males - from 55 to 63 cm. Weigh representatives of the breed minimum - 18 kg, maximum - 23 kg. Huskies are moving actively, usually trotting or galloping.
Wool quality and possible colors
Given the habitat of these dogs, it is easy to imagine what their coat should be in order to protect animals in such harsh conditions. And indeed, the husky coat is thick, double-layered. Ostev hair straight, coarse, to the touch - hard, undercoat well developed, abundant, softer than guard hair. In the area of the shoulders and neck, the wool forms a rich collar.
The standard is not too strict on possible colors. There are individuals with white, black, gray hair. There are also red huskies - the tone can be of any intensity, spotty, with small specks on the paws.
East Siberian huskies from time immemorial, like their ancestors, lived next to a man, so they are perfectly focused on him. This pet is very attached to its owner and family members, he is loyal and very gentle with all households. It is possible to start a dog of a similar breed to families with children, as huskies are patient with any pranks and obsessions of the small, sometimes not silly, owners.
Huskies of this type try to avoid contact with strangers, although they do not have a natural malice towards a person; they are capable of displaying aggression against strangers. The dog does not want to use his teeth, but barking menacingly, raising the hair on the back of his neck, he may well drive away uninvited guests. Vigilance and watchfulness to strangers makes the huskies quite good watchmen.
A pet needs early socialization and it can be done from 1-1.5 months. Experts advise the child to caress often, to take on the hands, so that he begins to get used to the person.
Laika has a highly developed territoriality, they are able to get along with their brethren, but only if animals living on the same territory strictly adhere to the hierarchy. All other dogs who wander to their site cannot avoid hostile attitudes. Huskies often try to dominate other dogs.
But the relations with other animals from representatives of this breed do not add up - cats, mice and other animals will be considered as prey by the husky, even if they grow together. Overcome your instincts dog can not.
East European Laika is a hunter to the bone, she gets pleasure from work and shows her unique qualities. But at the same time she has a calm, balanced character, so she is an excellent companion.
Nurture and learning likes
With the upbringing of your four-legged friend, you should not drag out; you should start as soon as he gets into the house. Otherwise, the owners will soon face the stubbornness, self-will and independence of the pet.
Huskies are prone to escapes, they do it so brilliantly that the owner can be puzzled for a long time how it happened. They can make digs, climb high fences and get rid of the collar.
It is recommended to go with your pet special obedience courses up to six months. Thanks to competent training, the puppy will quickly begin to perceive the owner as a leader, become attached to him and will be more willing to obey.
Co-education and training will help the owner to find a common language with the pet, to understand the needs and mood of his four-footed comrade, which is very important not only for the usual life, but also for hunting.
Traditionally, the dogs intended for hunting, only one owner. It is on it that the main cares of the pet lie - feeding, walking, and training. With this same man, the dog must hunt.
Nataska huskies start from 6 months, initially using special platforms for this. It is desirable if an adult dog who has been trained and has certain experience will work in tandem with the newly-minted hunter. Laiki are excellent imitators and can adopt knowledge and skills from their fellows.
Care and health features
In huskies, wool needs care, but the procedures here are standard - washing and combing, but they are not very burdensome. The coat of the northern dogs has natural protection from moisture and pollution, so even after an active walk in bad weather after some time, the dog will look clean. If the pet lives in a house or apartment, then it is enough to wash his paws and, if necessary, wipe dirty areas with a napkin.
Laika combed a couple of times a week, this is enough to make the pet look neat and well-groomed. Dogs molt twice a year and fairly abundantly, so it will not be possible to avoid the appearance of wool in the house. But in order to speed up the process and alleviate the condition of the pet, it is recommended to treat its coat every day using a puhoderka or furminator.
Working dogs need regular, thorough inspections. After each hunt the dog should be washed, combed, removing the spines and sprigs from the thick wool. It is also important to assess the condition of the paw pads, ears and pet eyes, revealing damage or inflammatory processes.
Regular examination by a veterinary specialist, vaccination, de-worming - mandatory care procedures that help maintain a pet's health.
Eastern European likes for activity, endurance and excellent health are not inferior to representatives of other Siberian hunting breeds. They have no specific diseases that are inherited, and most pathologies are more associated with inadequate care or injury to the animal during a hunt or "escape".
Feeding regimen and ration features
Almost all huskies are omnivores, they will eat everything that gets them in a bowl. This is partly due to their past, when these dogs were actively used for work, but didn’t particularly care about their nutrition and care. You can not overfeed pet, it is important to feed him on schedule, setting the rate of portions.
The size of the daily portion should be no more than 3% of the weight of the animal. If the dog gets more intense loads (during hunting trips, participating in competitions, etc.), then the amount of food can be increased by 1/3.
While cooking, the ingredients should be cut into pieces, and the vegetables can be made puree. Such dishes are more intensively absorbed by the dog's digestive tract, and the dog will be able to engage in active activities almost immediately after the meal. It is not recommended to give liquid food to a pet, as it, stretching the walls of the stomach, deprives of its sense of proportion.
If food remains in the dog's bowl, it should be removed, and in no case should you feed the four-legged snacks from your own table. Such food often provokes allergies and disrupts carbohydrate metabolism.
Huskies are active, mobile dogs, which means they need a lot of protein food. Dogs are given meat, boiled offal, boiled bones with soft cartilage. When the dog is kept outside, in cold weather you can add pieces of fatty meat, butter, but in very modest amounts to its diet. You can cook porridge for your pet by adding meat, vegetable ingredients, greens, and vegetable oil.
Modern owners have a choice - instead of natural food, they can give their pets industrial food. But, choosing a suitable diet, it is important to take into account the needs of the dog, its size, age and other individual characteristics.
Choosing and buying an East Siberian Husky puppy
Even before the purchase, the future owner must decide for what purposes he is going to purchase a puppy husky. If you need an assistant for hunting, then it is better to consult an experienced hunter who knows a lot about working dogs. He will tell which of the kids is more suitable.
It is worth noting that the genes in this matter play a big role - you should not take a puppy from parents who never went out to the beast, even if they have different show titles and excellent pedigree.It is better to pay attention to such kids if a companion dog is required for a subsequent show career.
As a rule, in working dogs the litter consists of future hunters; in this case, the kids absorb the required qualities and skills practically from their mother's milk.
Unfortunately, in Russia there are not so many kennels that breed such dogs. Most of them are located in Siberia and the Far East. But if you need the best representative of the breed, it is better to turn to the services of professionals.
You can also search for private breeders with experience and a good reputation. In any case, it is better to buy a pet from the pedigree, since very often from husky puppies that do not have documents, not quite huskies grow.
The cost of babies with hands averages 5,000 rubles, the price in the nursery is somewhat higher - 15,000-25,000 rubles. In addition, the cost is influenced by specific factors: if the parents are coached on sables and foxes, the offspring will cost less, but for a puppy from dogs that can drive large animals, you will have to pay much more - from 50,000 rubles.
East Siberian husky - a beautiful, large dog, with a noble bearing. But not for the appearance of these representatives of the breed appreciate, and the owner will be even more proud of his four-legged friend, if he will show amazing work ability.
The origin of the breed
The ancestors of the breed were dogs that lived in Siberia and the coastal areas of the Yenisei. Aboriginal peoples needed faithful and reliable assistants who would be able to easily adapt to very severe weather conditions and could be used according to different needs.
The crossbreeding process was chaotic, so the result of such works was quite different in different localities, and the representatives of the breed had a very diverse color, including red, black and white, and snow-white coat color. The selection methods used allowed all huskies to be systematized into different groups and individual purebred varieties.
It is interesting! For use in hunting, dogs were needed that possessed pronounced and explicit hunting instincts, so all individuals that were unsuitable for such work were immediately rejected.
Primary breed standards were fixed more than half a century ago, but so far some experts classify such dogs as a separate group, which is due to the process of forming the genetic stock. An important role in creating a breed with hunting instincts was played not only by human needs and ideas about the dog, but also by the harsh climate in the region of residence.
On the territory of Siberia, the skills of a dog in the pen of various artiodactyls were highly valued, and in the Amur region animals were bred for use in squirrel hunting.
Description of East Siberian husky
At present, the East Siberian Laika breed is divided into a couple of categories, which differ depending on the characteristics of the dogs and are used in fixing the genetic characteristics:
- The Leningrad category is represented by compact animals with pointed profile lines,
- The Irkutsk category is represented by large animals with a large muzzle and a rather awesome type of appearance.
The Leningrad breed includes dogs whose genes are represented by the blood of the Tungussky huskies, and modern nurseries are currently working to increase the number, improvement and breeding of such animals.
The main, most pronounced features that characterize the East Siberian husky include:
- a rather large body, with a high, well-developed area of withers and a rounded neck,
- the back is pronouncedly wide and straight, and the chest with sufficient elongation, wide and deep, with a tightened abdominal area,
- the front limbs are usually straight and rather tall, and the hind limbs are muscular, with a right bend angle,
- the head is massive, wide in the skull, with a fairly well-marked occipital protuberance and a dark crest.
The tail of the East-Siberian husky is rather large and constantly curved in a ring or sickle-shaped form. Compared with the West Siberian husky, the dog of the East Siberian breed has a more stretched format, large size and a well-developed, very strong bones.
Type of coat and color
Representatives of this breed are characterized by thick and fairly dense, slightly longer than the West Siberian husky wool, so the neck collar is well defined and looks quite luxurious. Males of East Siberian husky differ in long hair in the area of the nape, and the coat on the back of the head is very pronounced.
The breed standards approved today allow a very wide range of coat color.. Dogs of this breed can be black, black and white, black with a pinto gray tint, red with whitish accents, brown. Absolutely atypical for this breed are dogs that have a black, blue, marble, brown or hepatic coat.
It is interesting! The coat of the East Siberian husky is hard and coarse, with a soft and rather dense undercoat, which allows the animal to tolerate the most unfavorable northern weather conditions.
The final standards of the East Siberian Husky breed were approved more than thirty years ago and are currently used to evaluate exhibition animals:
- the head wedge-shaped in shape is represented by a rather wide skull with an occipital round bone, a pronounced occipital tubercle, a smooth and weakly expressed transition from the forehead area to the well-filled face under the eyes,
- standing type, mobile and triangular in shape, ears, have a sharp or slightly rounded top, are located at eye level and are not set too high,
- eyes of medium size, oval and moderately oblique incision, usually brown or dark brown,
- lips with a tight fit, dry, covering large and white teeth with a scissors bite,
- the neck is muscular, with well developed and sharply protruding withers above the straight and broad dorsal line,
- the tail, most often, bent by a ring on the back or pressed to the thigh, is up to the hock or slightly shorter,
- straight forelimbs in parallel set, with well developed and pronounced corners, and also elbows, straight forearms and slightly inclined metacarpals, directed strictly backwards,
- muscular hind limbs have a long shin parallel to each other, with well-developed corners of the articulations and almost sheer metatarsus.
In movement, the East Siberian husky is always very fast and easy, and the characteristic gait of the breed is movement at a canter or an accelerated trot. The height of an adult male of an East Siberian husky at the withers is no more than 57-70 cm, and bitches 53-65 cm with a weight in the range of 25-35 kg. The extension coefficient of a dog is 104-109 cm, and females - about 107-112 cm.
East Siberian huskies belong to the breeds, very well focused on people of any age. These dogs have a distinct and innate hunting passion, and also have a strong and balanced character. As a rule, viciousness and aggressiveness is absolutely not typical for breed representatives. The northern breed is very well adapted to perform heavy work in the harsh climatic conditions in the highlands of the Siberian taiga. Dogs are harassed on a wild or stool pigeon.
It is interesting! The versatility and excellent working qualities of Russian huskies are very highly valued not only by hunters and breeders, but also by ordinary dog breeders in different countries.
East Siberian Huskies are large, strong and hardy animals, characterized by a slightly stretched format and good health. With strict adherence to the mode of feeding and maintenance, as well as timely and competent prevention, the average life expectancy of dogs of this breed is about 12-15 years.
East Siberian husky content at home
At present, purebred East Siberian huskies are quite rare, and a significant portion of such representatives, as a rule, do not attend the exhibition, as it is used exclusively as reliable hunting dogs. It is possible to keep such a pet in urban conditions as well as in the countryside, in aviaries. Breed does not need special care, but it is desirable to adhere to the main recommendations of experts.
Care and hygiene
A dog of this breed needs frequent and prolonged walking. As a rule, East Siberian husky is walked a couple of times a day, allotting about three hours for this event. With the captive content of the dog should also be provided free-range at least once a day.
Such a pet loves water very much, so there’s usually no problem for owners of an East Siberian husky with hygiene or water procedures. Standard care for the husky includes not only bathing and walking, but also regular combing of the hair, brushing your teeth, checking for skin parasites, systematic de-worming and vaccination.
Huskies have fluffy coat with sufficiently rich and very well-developed under-fur. With the captive content, molting of representatives of such a breed is reduced and pronounced between seasons. During this period, the dog needs to provide frequent combing with special combs, allowing you to remove dead cushions.
Also regularly carried out preventive treatment of dogs from fleas and ticks. It is advisable not to bathe your pet too often, only as needed. The ears, teeth and eyes of the pet are checked weekly, and the grown-up claws are trimmed with special clappers.
What to feed husky
The East Siberian husky, as a rule, eats little, so this pet can be fed no more than twice a day, using for this purpose natural food or ready-made dry foods like “Origen”, “Gina”, “Stout” and “Arrlaws ". The foodstuffs of 1st-Cioise, Monge, Dukеs Farm and Póс-Ál have been well proven. In the cold season, the dog should give a warm and liquid food with a fairly high fat content, which allows the animal to easily cope with the cold.
In the matter of nutrition, the East Siberian husky, as a rule, is not picky, but special attention should be paid to feeding a puppy of such a breed under six months of age, at the stage of active growth of muscle mass and bone formation. In the morning, adult pets are fed a third of the total daily ration, and in the evening hours the rest of the feed is given.
An East Siberian husky puppy needs to be fed from three to six times a day.. The menu of a pet grown on a natural diet of feeding must necessarily include vegetables and fruits, cereals, as well as meat and sea fish. In addition, huskies badly need a sufficient amount of salt, and its amount in the diet of an animal leading an active, mobile lifestyle should be about 8-10 grams. per day.
Diseases and breed defects
As a rule, pedigree animals do not suffer from severe hereditary diseases, but dogs bred in kennels have a tendency to the following pathologies:
- viral diseases, including plague and enteritis,
- clouding of the lens and age-related atrophy of the eye retina,
- problems with tooth enamel.
It is interesting! Breeds of the East Siberian husky are also not very frequent, and the degree of breed is evaluated with the award: “unsatisfactory”, “satisfactory”, “good”, “very good” and “excellent”.
The mark "excellent" is awarded to dogs, with pronounced pedigree signs, minor flaws and deviations. A dog’s “very good” rating is awarded if there are pronounced features and type of breed, but with more pronounced defects. The mark “good” is given to the animal with clearly visible signs of the breed and the presence of quite noticeable flaws.
To assess the "satisfactory" dog must respond to the type of breed in the presence of pronounced and highly visible deficiencies that prevent the use in breeding purposes. The rating “unsatisfactory” is given to a dog that has significant defects and defects with a separately reflecting type of breed.
Upbringing and training
East Siberian huskies are very social pets, and for normal life such a dog must necessarily provide sufficient communication not only with his own animals, but also with the owners. The result of the lack of communication is the unsociation and wildness of the dog, which ceases to obey and is able to show aggression or excessive independence.
From early childhood it is very important to socialize a pet and teach an East Siberian Husky puppy to obedience, as well as unconditional obedience to all commands given by the owner. In any case, the pet must fully recognize the authority of the owner.
The educational process must necessarily be carried out with all the characteristics of the dog. Despite the rather mild and very appeasable temper, all likes are extremely touchy, and winning the respect of such a pet and its recognition is possible only with the right and kind attitude.
The history and purpose of the breed
The East Siberian Laika belongs to a large group of breeds, the development of which took place in a limited area. The boundless expanses of the Russian North practically had no roads, and the indigenous people: the Evenks and other small ethnic groups, were engaged in the trade of the fur-bearing beast, taking as assistant local dogs. Likes are a common group of primitive breeds, they have always lived in Siberia and Alaska. They helped people to transport weights and get the beast, and due to the remoteness of settlements from each other, as well as due to the difficulty of most areas, breed groups multiplied "in themselves."
Thus, in each region of the North a special breed of huskies was formed. East Siberian Laika carries the blood of Evenki and Tungus dogs, and has always been a true helper and friend of the hunter. Already in the nineteenth century, this breed was presented at the Moscow hunting exhibitions, but a temporary breed standard was adopted only in the aftermath of World War II.
The national breeding of the huskies of this breed was chaotic, did not take into account the fine details of the exterior, but always aimed at preserving and increasing the hunting qualities of the descendants. Especially interesting was the breed for breeders-breeders who created nurseries, seeking to study it. The center of breeding in the USSR became the city of Irkutsk, where all the best individuals of the East Siberian husky were concentrated at that time.
Twenty years later, commercial nurseries created by order of the authorities, produced a huge amount of fur. In 1980, the breed was recognized by the International Kennel Federation, and in 1989 the final breed standard was adopted. But the tragedy of the East Siberian husky is that, with the collapse of the USSR, the kennels collapsed, most of the dogs were sold to China, and no one particularly followed the pure breed of the remaining individuals. At the beginning of the new century in the RKF, only about 40 puppies were registered during the year, which is very small for the development of the breed.
After the collapse of the USSR, the breed was practically lost.
Today, it is rarely possible to meet a real East Siberian husky, most purebred dogs do not attend exhibitions, but are used only as hunting dogs. The fact that this dog is not a companion in the city almost does not contain, dramatically reduces the popularity of the breed.
If you are interested in hunting dogs, then look at these breeds:
East Siberian husky is a universal hunter, able to drive and hold even a very large animal. With dogs of this breed they hunt for a bear, a boar, a sable and a different hoofed animal. Hunters highly appreciate the ability of the husky to navigate the terrain, unmistakably finding their way.
Important! The East Siberian husky is not aggressive towards a person, and cannot serve as a security guard, but early begins to show guard skills, telling by barking about the approach of a stranger.
Huskies of this breed perfectly adapt to any climate, feel equally well in hot or cold climates. An active and agile dog simply lights up on a hunt, showing its best qualities, not paying attention to rain, blizzard or strong wind.
East Siberian Laika is one of the best hunting dog breeds.
She is able to tirelessly run along the trail, overcoming any obstacles. The relatively small weight with large growth allows the husky to be fast, agile and resilient. In the North, dogs of this breed are not only used for their intended purpose as universal hunters, but also harnessed in teams for the carriage of cargo or musher.
What is the difference between East Siberian Laika and West Siberian
The diversity of husky breeds and small breed differences between them often lead to disputes. Так чем же отличается восточно-сибирская лайка от западносибирской, есть ли большая разница в экстерьере и характере двух лаек?
Отличие восточно-сибирской лайки от западносибирской это окрас.
The most striking difference, by which you can absolutely accurately identify the dog on the subject of belonging to a particular breed, is the color. East Siberian husky is famous for its fancy Karame color, which is otherwise called black and tan. Dogs of this breed can be black. In West Siberian huskies, black or black and tan colors are unacceptable and are a defect in the exterior.
The subtleties of training
Raising a puppy of this breed should begin immediately after the baby crosses the threshold of a new home. This is mandatory, as the pet has great obstinacy, self-willed and independent. The little dog loves to run away, loves to dig holes and is able to get out of any collar or harness.
It is advisable to take a course of obedience with a pet until he is six months old. This is necessary so that the puppy perceives the owner as the only authority attached to the owner. Joint training and training help to find a common language with the dog, learn to understand it, which is very important for hunting.
If the dog is going to be used for hunting, then it should have one owner.
From six months puppy begin to train on the beast on special sites. If there is already a trained, adult dog, then it is advisable to train to hunt together with her. Dogs can imitate other, more adult animals and learn from them.
Important! If an East Siberian husky is acquired for hunting, then it is very important that the puppy has one owner. This man feeds, walks and trains a puppy, walks with an older pet to hunt. Dogs of this breed are monogamous, they are strongly attached to one person.
Features of care and nutrition
East Siberian husky is an unpretentious breed, it is distinguished by high resistance to adverse factors, small, in accordance with its weight, the need for food. A dog can (and should) be kept in an open-air cage so that its fluffy coat and rich undercoat are in perfect condition. Housing maintenance is not the best choice for the husky, as in this case the dog does not overgrow with winter, it cannot withstand the cold of the hunt. Seasonal moulting is a test for the owner, as the dog is intensively losing wool, it must be combed daily.
In nutrition, this breed is not whimsical.
Many owners of the East Siberian husky feed their pet with leftover food from the table, adding meat waste or offal as needed. Laika eats little, it can be fed twice a day, with natural food or with prepared dry food. In the cold season, the dog is given a warm, liquid food, with a high content of fat. It helps the animal cope with the cold.
Ready-made feeds are convenient to use, the owner can purchase feeds of Origen or Gina brand, with high fat content. Adult dogs can be given "Stout" or "Applaws".
Health and life expectancy
Like many primitive dog breeds, East Siberian Laika has excellent health and is not burdened by hereditary diseases. Puppies are dangerous most viral and infectious diseases, from which you can protect your pet with vaccines. Adult animals can become infected with rabies from a wild beast (mostly foxes), so it is imperative that you vaccinate against this disease every year.
In order for the dog to live for a long time, and the life span of the representatives of this breed reaches fourteen years, the owner must take care of his pet. Feed no earlier than one hour after exercise or hunting, allow the dog to dry off after jogging in the rain. These simple rules help preserve the stomach and joints of the dog for a long life.
How to choose a puppy, kennels and prices
The biggest danger in choosing an East Siberian Husky puppy is not to get a purebred dog, but a half-breed. From this can insure only a thorough knowledge of the standard, the advice of an experienced breeder and the untainted reputation of the nursery or breeder. The fact is that the breed has not yet fully formed, in many respects similar to the likes of other species, and is also not very common among hunters.
Temper and features
Peaceful, imperturbable and absolutely non-aggressive towards people - all this is East Siberian like. Breed description is a typical northern hunting dog, which has a very developed indicative reflex. This breed easily adapts to its surroundings. This means that huskies, regardless of the fact that they are representatives of northern breeds, feel well in any other climatic conditions. And all because they are incredibly hardy.
The second group of pronounced qualities - agility, activity, maneuverability and courage. These dogs are very agile and their very best features are shown on the hunt. Moreover, their nature was created by hunters.
East Siberian Laika is absolutely not aggressive towards a person. The dog will gladly ride the children in harness, play active ball games with them and bring an abandoned stick. She is constantly on the alert, and therefore at the moment of danger she will surely protect her master.
Huskies are strong enough and hardworking, and therefore are often used as sled dogs. Because of the natural flair, they are simply indispensable companions in the hunt. They are also excellent watchmen, because these dogs are very suspicious of strangers.
These dogs are incredibly hardy and have a very strong immunity. They are not characterized by serious genetic diseases. However, there are some very dangerous moments. You need to properly care for the husky, and therefore you need to think about everything well before making an important decision about having such a dog.
Laika owners should beware of two characteristic ailments - distemper and rabies. Symptoms of distemper are diarrhea, fever, chills, and lethargy. But not everything is so terrible, because this disease can be cured, and it is safe for humans.
Rabies is an acute infectious disease that cannot be cured. Symptoms - aggression and inappropriate behavior. And therefore it is important not to forget about the annual vaccinations. To avoid this disease, do not allow your pet to climb into the garbage, eat from the ground or come into contact with homeless dogs.
The best place to keep huskies - is an aviary. You can keep the dog in the apartment, but you need to remember that the likes are incredibly active, like space and movement. In addition, their thick wool sheds, and therefore frequent cleaning can not be avoided.
To breed dogs of this breed is not recommended for people who are accustomed to a quiet and unhurried life. If a person is at work all day and is absolutely indifferent to hunting, then a husky is not the best companion for living together.
Laika is the best companion for active people who cannot imagine their life without walking. It is also a great option for those people who go jogging every day. Otherwise, the husky will not be able to release their emotions and will direct them to defeat your home.
Looking at this dog, you might think that it will become a formidable guard, but this is not so. Usually huskies are neutral to outsiders, and sometimes even with a share of good nature. However, you should not be disappointed, as the dog will always come to the defense of its owner in case of extreme danger.
Huskies perfectly assimilate food and often eat with a reserve. They need it in those cases if they are to go hunting for a few days. In normal life, food intake meets the standard - two meals for an adult husky. They are completely picky about food, which makes this dog even more attractive to potential owners.
This breed was bred for movement in the mountain taiga. In addition, dogs of the eastern species are unpretentious in food and drink little. An excellent hunter, a watchful watchman and, of course, a hardy riding appearance - this is all East Siberian husky. Characteristics of the breed does not end there. Huskies are very loyal and loyal comrades.
The problem is that most of the nurseries that contained huskies simply collapsed along with the collapse of the USSR. And so this breed did not even have time to properly study and breed. After the closure of the state nurseries, the puppies were simply dismantled by the former employees, and the rest were sold to the Chinese for considerable money. Those that remained, just scattered where. As a result, incest occurred with street mongre due to life on the street. Today, thoroughbred Oriental - a rarity.
Even in the Soviet Union, dog shows were held, where Easterners took an active part. And if at the Union about 15,000 dogs of this breed were registered at such exhibitions, then today their number barely falls to 30.
The tragedy of the East Siberian husky is that literally in 10 years this beautiful view may disappear altogether. To date, many frauds have been noticed with the Oriental pedigrees. They can be purchased in any market, but most likely it will not be a purebred East Siberian Like. And all because the Oriental genotype itself began to change due to the collapse of nurseries.
A great hunter who makes a huge profit is East Siberian Like. Nurseries in the USSR were equipped specifically for the maintenance of these incredibly intelligent and dedicated miners. And therefore, the Soviet Union was in the first place in the supply of valuable fur, which was mined precisely thanks to the Orientalists. Anyway, on a hunt, a husky is more than a dog. This is a reliable partner who possesses all the missing human properties.
Reviews and cost
The acquisition of a purebred Oriental is not an easy task. To do this, look for information on the official website of the nursery or forum, contact the owners. This is a very rare breed, and therefore the price is appropriate - from 23 000 rubles.
You can, of course, find puppies at more affordable prices (from 6,000), but in this case no one guarantees that this is a purebred Oriental. The puppies of East Siberian huskies are easily confused with Westerners or mestizos.
Making up the price for adult Easterners, the owner takes into account his working abilities: hunters for large animals are 3 times more expensive than those that work for squirrels. And the “whitewoman” - 2 times more expensive than the “sobolyatnik”.
True, intelligent, loyal - this is all East Siberian Like. Reviews online about this breed confirm the best qualities of the East. Fans of this valuable breed are still trying to breed huskies, it is thanks to them that this species has not yet disappeared. Easterners take part in many canine events, exhibitions, on tests get diplomas of different degrees. There are many fans of this breed. According to them, a husky is the best companion not only in hunting, but also in everyday life.
So, interesting facts about these amazing dogs.
- It is the society and nature of Eastern Siberia that formed the type of huskies on this territory. Before the Russian people arrived in this region, the husky was used as a traction animal, a hunting mate and a shepherd.
A little later, when the fur of fur animals became a valuable commodity, the huskies were selected for hunting for squirrels and sables. Preference was given to likes-universal, which could hunt animals of all kinds (large animals, fur, waterfowl, etc.).
In general, the East Siberian Laika is a great hunter and just a devoted friend. However, despite the temperament, this amazing dog has a calm and balanced disposition. These beautiful animals feel very well the mood of the owner and even dependent on him. They just love to play with children! Intelligent and intelligent, they are amenable to education, even from a very early age. When purchasing an Oriental, remember that you will get an intelligent, loving, extremely loyal and loyal friend. And so take this matter as seriously as possible, appreciate, love and respect him - he deserves it!
Buy East Siberian husky
When choosing an East Siberian husky puppy, it is imperative to pay special attention to all the achievements and skills of its parents, which is especially important when acquiring a dog for hunting. Healthy babies should be well-fed, fun and active, with a shiny and beautiful, thick hair, and clean eyes and nose. It is necessary to abandon the puppy, which has a small head, small bones, crooked limbs and lack of body weight.
What to look for
Despite the fact that all representatives of this breed have similar characteristics, among them there may well be found both more capable animals for use in hunting and pets with very weak working qualities.
Of course, much depends on the training and skillful upbringing, but, as a rule, it is genetics that plays the main role, therefore the choice of a puppy must be approached with all the responsibility. Experienced hunters are able to independently select a promising animal, and if necessary, they can be involved in the process of acquiring a specialist.
Important! No need to strive to choose the largest puppy in the litter, since such an approach to the acquisition of East Siberian husky is not the most correct. As practice shows, in the future, the growth processes in the puppy are likely to level off, but the basic working qualities may not be at their best.
Among other things, it is not advisable to acquire a bitch for hunting, as the use of such a dog will be limited to heat and the process of caring for offspring.
East Siberian Husky Price
Thoroughbred East Siberian Husky is currently not a popular and very common breed, so getting this breed representative is not too easy.
As a rule, for this purpose, information about planned breeds is tracked in advance and regularly on the sites of well-established nurseries. It is also advisable to visit the exhibition shows and competitions of hunting dogs, where there is an opportunity to directly get acquainted with the breeders of the East Siberian husky.
Минимальная стоимость такого щенка составляет 25 тысяч рублей, но наиболее перспективные питомцы реализуются значительно дороже. При приобретении уже взрослой собаки, в обязательном порядке учитываются все её основные характеристики и рабочие заслуги. Следует отметить, что восточно-сибирские лайки, работающие в охоте на крупного зверя, стоят примерно в три раза дороже, чем так называемые «белочницы» и «соболятницы».