The most poisonous animal in the world is terrible listolaz. The size of this frog is from 2 to 4 cm. Males and females are almost the same. Habitat - tropics in the southwestern part of Colombia. The color is bright, contrasting. One gram of toxin excreted by the skin can kill more than a thousand people, paralyzing the limbs as well as the nervous system. The poison of this frog is 35 times stronger than the poison of the royal cobra, and 1000 times stronger than cyanide. Antidote, unfortunately, does not exist. It is believed that if the skin is not damaged, then the poison is not dangerous, but at the slightest scratch, the poison instantly enters the bloodstream and stops the heart. A frog is born that is not poisonous.
Lonomy is the most dangerous caterpillar in the world. Its habitat - forests in South America, can also be found in gardens and residential areas. Perfectly disguised as the environment. There are many thorns on the body that contain poison — a toxin that can kill a person by causing blood to clot. The result of the lesion is palpable almost immediately - kidney failure, hemorrhage into tissue areas and organs, often into the brain.
In size, tailless amphibians can reach 8 cm, the smallest individual - 1.5 cm. They inhabit the rain forests of South, as well as Central America. They are divided into two main subspecies - night and day. The first are harmless, the second are toxic. The skin emit a toxin - batrachotoxin. The color is specific, bright. One gram of poison can kill 10 adults. Currently studied 179 species of wood-dwarfs.
The body of an animal looks like a bottle or cone shape. Belongs to class clinging. The main habitat is Asia and Australia. Easy to maneuver in the aquatic environment. During the year, on average, over 6 thousand people die from its “bites”. The toxin secreted by the tentacles can paralyze the nervous system, lead to a cardiac arrest, as well as (if the touch was superficial) a serious skin burn.
The peculiar covering of the body makes it possible to disguise itself as a stone, lives among coral reefs at the bottom, taking their shape. Dangerous by the presence of thorns that, when touched, release a toxin. Distributed in the southern tropics. After poisoning the body, there is paralysis and a deep shock. The fabric surface is dying off. Spines along the body secrete neurotoxin. Death can occur in 2 hours.
Blowfish family. Some organs and parts of the fish body contain tetrodotoxin. It can affect the nervous system, paralyze the organs. Approximate size in the palm, one milligram of toxin can kill a person. Frightened fish takes the form of a ball, because it does not have scales. The surface is covered with sharp spikes. Habitat - south of China to the islands in the east of Oceania. Fish hedgehog is considered a Japanese expensive delicacy, which is called - "Fugu". If the fish is cooked incorrectly, then after such a meal a person dies, unfortunately, there are many such cases.
It inhabits the tropical part of Central and South America. Their poison contains a neurotoxin that can cause loss of muscle control, lung spasm, and breathing problems. The result is choking. After the bite, the lymphatic system immediately suffers, leading to cardiac arrest. While still conscious, the bitten ones feel a gradual numbness. 20 times more poisonous than the "black widow". It does not weave cobwebs, but wanders, often found on ruins.
Coastal waters of Australia - octopus habitat. Its size is almost the same as a golf ball. But the poison contained in the body can in a few minutes bring 26 people into a state of lethargy. There is no antidote in nature; it is possible to save the stung only by starting the treatment in time. After the defeat, there is a gradual numbness of the tongue, limbs, choking, with time the heart stops.
Distributed in Africa and South Asia. The snake is very aggressive, therefore it attacks for no apparent reason. The bite is so toxic that after some time, the internal organs are filled with blood - hemorrhage occurs. Highly can jump, bites everything that seems dangerous to her. Each year, the bite of this snake dies more than the bites of all the snakes in the amount. Every fifth bitten dies, however, there is an antidote.
Closes the list of the most poisonous animals of the world - scorpion leurus quinchestriatus. Habitat - North Africa and the Middle East. In nature, there are many poisonous scorpions, however, in comparison with their relatives, the most lethal individual. Its poison is filled with a toxic substance - neurotoxin. After the bite, pain, fever, dizziness, fever, convulsions, coma, absolute paralysis and even death are felt. Before you sting, gives something like a dance, as if warning the enemy.
If you dwell on the study of information about the cone-shaped snail, you can find out that it is very interesting in appearance: its shell is quite picturesque and resembles a mosaic. This is a trap for humans. Wanting to examine the creature closer, the self-assured amateur biologist stretches his hand to take a snail, and a protective reflex works out of it - a small "defenseless" beast throws out something like a harpoon, which digs into the hand, injecting a few drops of the most dangerous neurotoxin into the body.
Poisonous animals are “supplied” with various types of poisonous substances, but the snail is protected by an antidote, it has a too rapid paralytic effect and, most hopelessly, paralyzes the lungs. A person is deprived of the opportunity to breathe and dies precisely from this.
This, of course, is a figurative utterance - there is no stinger in the two-colored thrush flycatcher, although the bird stings is fatal. Its feathers and internal organs contain a certain amount of batrachotoxin, which can cause severe burns when touched or even cause death.
Small animals and insects, touching the feathers of the "deadly bird", die immediately, and a person has a chance of salvation, if in time to seek medical help.
By the way, this poison in the body of the flycatcher is not native, it is produced by eating poisonous insects by it. The batrachotoxin does not have the slightest effect on the bird, but it itself becomes a deadly weapon due to the presence of poison in the body.
Probably, those who are afraid of frogs and bypass them are right, away from sin. In our latitudes, these amphibians scare people away only by their unpleasant appearance, but in distant countries all the frogs are “princesses” and beauties. But their appearance is too deceptive and serves as a warning of mortal danger.
Poisonous animals (tropical frogs in our case), as a rule, have a bright color and smooth skin. But they are practically saturated with poisonous substance, a small dose of which is capable of ruining an adult strong man.
Frog-arrow lightning-fast cracking down on its victim, squirting a stream of poison, infecting vital organs. Death comes in a split second, like an arrow. Hence the name.
Her other “colleague,” a terrible leaf climber (seemingly rather pretty dark-eyed lemon-colored creature), is so poisonous that it’s better not to come close to him. The skin of this little frog produces a toxic substance, and so strong that its gram can kill several thousand people.
Neither amazing beauty, nor the small dimensions of overseas frogs prevent them from leading impartial lists. These are the most dangerous animals of the world, and you should be aware of them in order to at least try to escape.
Everyone knows about snakes ... but not all
Who would argue that the most dangerous animals in the world are snakes? Especially cobras, of which there are 17 species. Although these snakes are phlegmatic, they are easy to control (remember the exorcist with a pipe), but their poison is deadly to humans, since in most cobras the poisonous substance is represented by neurotoxins, a suffocating poison.
But the degree of exposure to poison in different types of cobras is different - death from a Central Asian bite occurs in a few hours or even days, which can be used to save a person, but the royal venom kills within half an hour.
Dangerous beauty - black and yellow pelamid. By the way, it should be noted that often the names of animals do not say anything about the degree of their danger. Pelamid is one of these, and it is not known to a wide audience. Nevertheless, its venom is akin to Kobryn, even more toxic. A drop of substance can kill three men. The only thing that comforts - the pelamid is not aggressive, does not touch anyone, if not touch it.
The most terrible and dangerous of all the snakes of the world is the black mamba. In this case, even the name speaks for itself. Quite a bloodthirsty and huge creature, ready to attack everyone and everything at any moment. The peculiarity of this type of snake is that they do not attack from hunger and not in order to protect, their main goal is killing.
"Young krakodil ... No, young krokadil"
A real crocodile is not a kind cartoonish Gena who is not very strong in grammar and who dreams to find friends. A real crocodile is necessarily evil. And of all the evil "gene" remains the most ferocious comby, nicknamed the thunder of all living things.
Apparently, he is a descendant of extinct dinosaurs, since it is considered the largest reptile in the world and is only inferior in size to them - to its extinct ancestors.
Large animals are already dangerous in their size, and there is also a powerful tail, sharp teeth and a fierce temper.
Young combed crocodiles show their predatory essence, training on small animals and other reptiles. Older individuals prey on large wild and domestic animals.
Although the combed crocodile is considered to be an inveterate cannibal, it produces attacks on humans extremely rarely. But if this happens, the victim cannot be saved by any means.
Danger - in the sea
The most dangerous animals of the world that live in the waters of the seas and oceans are, of course, the white shark and the killer whale.
The shark is known to everyone as an aggressive ogre with a mouth equipped with three hundred sharp teeth. Reacts to blood. Even a drop of this substance attracts and drives the seven-ton colossus. But what is interesting is the fact that it confirms that fewer people die many times from the bloodthirsty shark's teeth than from the attack of dogs.
The killer whale is the decoration of the world's oceans, a very cunning mammal that knows a lot about hunting and can take revenge on the abuser.
Big animals in the depths of the sea are dangerous, of course. But no less dangerous are small sea creatures. For example, the blue ring octopus is an amazingly beautiful creature, no larger than a ball. But it is better to admire this “delight” at a distance, since the octopus, when bitten, injects into the body of the victim toxic substances that cause suffocation.
Or transparent, similar to an alien creature, cubedusa. It stings so that the heart stops. It is almost impossible to get rid of scars after her burns.
Classes of animals (fish, mammals or reptiles - it does not matter) do not affect their ability to aggression and bloodthirstiness. Take at least the small piranhas - attack in flocks on any living moving object and tear apart to pieces mercilessly ...
Mosquitoes, flies and other bloodsuckers
The annoying insects unpleasantly buzz and sting, delivering this discomfort. This happens in our latitudes. A little further south, in Africa, you cannot easily get rid of a mosquito or a fly. Especially if the mosquito is malarial, and the fly - tsetse.
They strive to bite necessarily. And everything would be fine, one could endure a bite if insects were not carriers of deadly diseases. On account of these two - 3.25 million victims.
Classes of animals imply the similarity of the biological structure of their representatives and some abilities. Insect bees are considered useful and almost domesticated. But even from them can come danger - numerous bee stings cause toxic shock and death. The same effect can be obtained as a result of bites of wasps or hornets.
The top dangerous animals have long included bears - polar, brown and Himalayan, tigers, lions, leopards, rhinos and hippos.
Large animals can inspire fear only by their dimensions, some of them are also frankly aggressive.
A herbivorous hippo is ready at any moment to renounce his habit of pinching grass and throwing himself at a person. It is especially convenient for hippopotamuses to attack in the water, attacking boats and small yachts, turning ships over and depriving the lives of passengers, crushing them.
Rhinoceros is another story. The animal attacks everything that moves. By virtue of its natural blindness, the rhinoceros can chase jeeps, buses and cyclists. And catch up, rest assured: he has well developed running abilities. And if caught, will not give any chance of survival.
The kindest being, the friend of a man - the elephant - will never forgive cruelty on the part of his “elder brother” and will definitely take revenge. There are a lot of examples from life when wounded elephants killed people or smashed entire villages, offended at the person for attempted murder, ill-treatment or other "shoals" by the "best friend."
Animal names can signal a percentage of danger. And here - the elephant, which by nature must be kind. But it all depends on the situation.
List of the best
Finally, we list 10 dangerous animals to watch out for:
- King Cobra.
- White shark.
- Large representatives of the cat family (lion, tiger, leopard).
- Large crested crocodile.
- Hippo and rhino.
- Poisonous frogs.
- The Bears.
Scorpio Leiurus quinquestriatus
Contrary to popular belief, most scorpions are not so dangerous for humans, since the bites of many of them lead to minor ailments and inconveniences (pain, slight tissue numbness and swelling), but all this can be overcome.
But having met with leurus quinchestriatus (lat. Leiurus quinquestriatus) you risk not only experiencing severe pain, convulsions and fever, ending in paralysis and coma, but, ultimately, you just die. The poison of these scorpions contains a powerful neurotoxin cocktail that will not spare anyone. Lives dangerous scarpion in the Middle East and North Africa.
Brazilian wandering spider
Brazilian wandering spider (lat. Phoneutria) - seemingly a small, harmless spider, but it is only in appearance ... In fact, this small animal is distinguished by its swiftness, activity and an incredibly strong poison. In 2007, he was even listed in the Guinness Book of Records, as the most poisonous and dangerous spider on the planet that claimed more than one human life.
It dwells in South America, preferring a human dwelling, where it can hide in shoes, hats and other different clothes. He is not engaged in weaving a web and does not sit in one place, therefore such a name is “wandering”. He has another feature - he loves bananas very much and will not miss the opportunity to feast on them, so he got his 2nd name - “banana spider”.
It feeds on fruits, similar, various insects, and sometimes attacks lizards and birds, exceeding its size. Unusual behavior of the spider increases the chances of meeting with it, which means that the risk of being bitten by it increases.
Lonomy Butterfly Caterpillar
Butterfly Lonomy (Latin Lonomia obliqua) - this is practically an unremarkable butterfly. These butterflies live in the rainforests of South America, and also perfectly take root in ordinary gardens. They have a rather nondescript appearance and innocuous behavior. What a thing this butterfly caterpillars! They represent the perfect weapon created by nature itself.
The body of this caterpillar is covered with branched thorns, similar to fir branches, and in these thorns lies the most dangerous poison that prevents blood from clotting. One has only to caterpillar touch the skin of a person, as they instantly pierce it and poison immediately penetrates into the blood. It is rapidly spreading throughout the body, causing abundant bleeding in the organs, which may well lead to brain hemorrhage.
Sandy ef (lat. Ecch carinatus) - pretty nice name, is not it? This snake is a resident of the foothills and valleys of Central Asia and Africa, where almost everyone knows about this creature and makes legends about it. Especially dangerous is the ef la man, if she bites, it’s not a fact that the person will survive, but if she survives, she will remain forever crippled. Every year more people die from the bites of this snake than from the bites of any other snakes.
Most often, people themselves provoke a sand efu to attack, but I want to note that this snake is famous for its nervousness and can attack for no apparent reason. Its poison is very toxic: once in the blood, it sharply reduces the level of fibrinogen in it, which leads to heavy bleeding in the organs. According to statistics, every fifth person bitten by this snake dies.
Taipan (lat. Oxyuranus) - belongs to the poisonous snakes of the family of asps and lives in Australia. These snakes are only two species: Taipan (Latin. Oxyuranus scutellatus) и жестокая, или свирепая змея (лат.Oxyuranus microlepidotus). Тайпаны очень пугливы и стараются избегать встреч с людьми.
Эти змеи очень ядовиты и используют свой ядовитый «инструмент» исключительно для охоты. Яд тайпанов в 300 раз токсичнее яда прославленных кобр. Но если все же тайпан укусил человека, то на этот случай существует противоядие, которое следует ввести в течение часа.
Cиний кольцевидный осьминог
Синекольчатый, или синий кольцевидный осьминог (лат. Hapalochlaena lunulata) – этот малыш, размер которого не больше размера теннисного мяча, очень опасен. Its poison can kill up to 26 adults! This mollusk lives in the waters of Australia and Japan.
Antidote - does not exist, but if you start treatment on time, you can avoid death. If time does not turn for help, then numbness of the limbs and tongue, loss of vision can begin, speech is difficult, suffocation occurs, and then complete paralysis, lung failure and heart failure.
Fugu fish or ball fish (Latin Takifugu rubripes) - the most poisonous fish of the planet. But despite its toxicity, it has become a delicacy for many residents of Japan and Korea. It is interesting that all these people know perfectly well with whom they are dealing, but they cannot resist the temptation.
Here the main thing is to cook it properly, which is what the licensed chefs of local restaurants are doing. The poison that causes choking is found on the surface of the body and inside some of the organs of this fish.
Fish-stone, or wart
Fish-stone, or wart (lat. Synanceia verrucosa) - This "beauty", which also boasts its poison. This is a resident of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The poison of this fish contained in its spines is a real threat to predators.
If this poison enters the human body, it will experience unbearable pain! The pain is so strong that the victims tried to amputate their limbs affected by this poison. It should be noted that this state does not last long, then paralyzes a person, then tissue dies out and if there is no help in time, death occurs.
Cubomedusa, sea wasp
Australian Cubo Medusa (Lat. Chironex fleckeri) - the most "famous" inhabitant of the expanses of water in Australia. An incredible number of people suffered from this jellyfish. When it is known that kubomedus appeared near the coast - all local beaches immediately closed. Over the past 60 years, Kubomedusa claimed nearly 6,000 lives.
Its poison is considered the most toxic in the world: it quickly affects the nervous system, heart and skin cells. At the same time, people experience terrible, indomitable pain, which plunges into a state of shock. If a person is not pulled out of the water in time and brought to the hospital, he may drown or die from cardiac arrest.
Snail-cone (lat.Conidae) - a predator and a rather successful hunter using his poison for this purpose, which can kill about 20 people! When poison is applied to the human body, severe pain and swelling occur, and then paralysis of the respiratory system. Antidote against the poison snail-cone does not exist yet, because it is still little studied.
If you have ever been to the forests of Central and South America, you probably saw small, beautiful frogs, but you were warned that they are extremely poisonous and should not even be touched. The size of the sacred drevolaz (lat. Dendrobates leucomelas) - about 1.5-5 cm, and there is so much poison in it that it can kill 10 people.
Horrible listolaz (lat.Phyllobates terribilis) - the name speaks for itself. This poisonous amphibian of its poison (which is only 1 g) is enough for several thousand people. It is also small, as well as the woodcutter - 2-4 cm and it also has a bright color. It is easy enough to touch leaf leaf to get a lethal dose of toxins.
Scientists believe that these frogs get toxins from their victims (beetles, ants, and other insects): they recycle and accumulate them, but no one has yet decided to test this theory.