Animals

5 types of broad spectrum antibiotics for cats and dogs

Many owners who, instead of visiting a veterinarian, are trying to self-medicate a pet, are interested in what antibiotics can be given to cats. These drugs are very strong, and independently prescribing them to an animal, you can only undermine its health even more. Also, antibiotics have a number of side effects that must be considered.

In addition, it is worth remembering that not every antibiotic is effective against a particular pathogen. Use one drug for any disease is impossible. Because of this, only a veterinarian can choose the right treatment for an animal. Self-applying antibiotics for cats, the owner risks killing the animal, instead of helping him.

Antibiotic classification

All antibiotics are divided into 2 large groups according to the principle of action. For cats use drugs and from both.

  • Bactericidal. Such antibiotics destroy the pathogen at any stage of development. Most often these are broad-spectrum antibiotics.
  • Bacteriostatic. These drugs do not kill bacteria, but lead to the fact that they lose the ability to multiply and develop, from which they are quickly destroyed by the immune system of the animal.

For a cat, antibiotics are used primarily from the first category, as they quickly restore the normal state of the animal. The drugs are divided according to the main active component in their composition.

Antibiotics approved for use in veterinary medicine for cats

For cats (can be used for dogs), only a number of antibiotics are used in veterinary medicine. Not all means are allowed for animals, as some of them have too strong and severe side effects, which only aggravate the condition of pets.

The following agents can be used to treat a cat.:

  • Amoxicillin and clavulanate. They are prescribed for the treatment of the genitourinary system, respiratory system, oral cavity and blood infection. An antibiotic should be stabbed through the day, as it has a prolonged effect. The spectrum of action means has a wide.
  • Gentamicin 8%. It is indicated for use in veterinary medicine for inflammations of the oral cavity in cats, open wounds, bacterial diseases of the bladder of the eyes, ears and skin. Also used for the treatment of pneumonia. The cat must be given an antibiotic with extreme caution due to its high toxicity.
  • Azithromycin. Effective against chlamydia, staphylococcus, including golden. An antibiotic is also indicated for ridding cats of otitis.
  • Enrofloxacin. Used in the treatment of purulent infected external wounds, infections of the urinary system, diseases of the skin and all parts of the respiratory system. With a cold, a drug may be prescribed if bacterial infections develop in its background.
  • Oxyteracycline. Indicated for cats with protozoal diseases, as well as inflammations of the mouth and eyes.
  • Amuril. An antibiotic is prescribed by veterinarians for salmonellosis, calibacteriosis, inflammations of the bladder, skin and lungs.
  • Amoxiclav. Indications for use in the treatment of cats - is an infection of soft tissues, as well as lesions of the intestines, lungs and urinary system.
  • Vetrimotxin. Used in cats in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, skin, and to prevent wound suppuration after surgery (for example, when sterilization was performed).
  • Betamox. Helps to eliminate inflammation of the reproductive system and urinary system, as well as the organs of the digestive system and bacterial infections of the throat, lungs and nose.

Treat cats with antibiotics and in the form of ointments, as well as powders. If necessary, they are prescribed tetracycline eye ointment or levomekol. Powder wounds, and even for the prevention of inflammation and the development of infection, allowed streptocid powder (it is good to have at home, just in case). All products used in veterinary should be fresh and stored according to all requirements.

The danger of the unauthorized use of antibiotics

If you carry out self-treatment of a cat with antibiotics, then instead of using it, you can easily harm it. Due to improper use of drugs, such negative effects may occur.:

  • addiction of the pathogen to the drug,
  • disorders of the heart,
  • toxic liver damage,
  • convulsive states
  • toxic lesions of the bone marrow with the development of subsequent blood problems,
  • disorders of the kidneys.

If for some reason you have to treat an animal with antibiotics without first consulting with a veterinarian, then you should be guided by at least the prescriptions that were previously given by a specialist in the treatment of other diseases. In this case, the dosage will not be dangerous for the pet.

Not all antibiotics can be used for cats, which is important to remember if the animal is self-treated. Ideally, only veterinarians may prescribe antibiotics to a cat.

Spectrum of action in veterinary medicine

Antibacterial agents are given in the presence of inflammatory processes in the cat's body with the connection of pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic microflora.

Antibiotics are widely used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria and fungi.

  • Dermatological infections, accompanied by open wounds on the body of an animal
  • Abscesses, phlegmon, open wounds with discharge of purulent exudate
  • Urological problems
  • Eye diseases - conjunctivitis, blepharitis, corneal ulcer, etc.
  • Surgical interventions
  • Ear diseases
  • Severe infectious diseases. Topical for non-vaccinated cats

Advantages and disadvantages for cats

The use of antibacterial agents allows the cat to heal more quickly from an inflammatory infection, heal wounds and restore its former health.

So, the animal is more likely to recover from inflammatory processes.

Thus, the animal can get dysbacteriosis.

When treating with antibiotics it is very important to observe the correct dosage

Allergic reactions are not excluded. Therefore, the owner must carefully monitor the pet during the course of antibiotic therapy, if any side effects of the pet occur, it is necessary to immediately show the veterinarian.

Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic group. It is considered a light drug that can overcome pathogens in the initial stages of its reproduction in the body. Fights urinary and respiratory inflammations. Helps in the treatment of dermatological diseases.

Amoxicillin - a broad-spectrum antibiotic

Appointed in the postoperative period as a prevention of inflammatory processes of internal organs.

Azithromycin

Antibacterial drug from the group of macrolides. It has a wide spectrum of action, and is considered a prolonged agent to combat pathogenic microflora.

Azithromycin

Able to destroy the infection in the respiratory tract, digestive tract, urogenital system, dermatological diseases, fungal diseases.

Ceftriaxone

Antibiotic from the group of cephalosporins of prolonged action. It also has a wide spectrum of action.

Ceftriaxone

It is prescribed for infections of the urinary tract, sepsis and severe lesions of the extremities (strong abscess, gangrene, purulent and putrid infection).

Lincomycin

An antibiotic from the group of lincosamides. It is used mainly against infectious diseases of bones and muscles, as well as after operations involving bones and muscles. The injection is done intramuscularly.

It is considered a broad-spectrum antibiotic with prolonged action.

Illiterate use of antibacterial drugs can cause great harm to your pet.

Side effects and contraindications

Side effects include:

  • The appearance of allergic reactions
  • Diarrhea
  • With prolonged use may nausea, a violation of the nervous system,
If the medicine is prescribed as an injection, it is advisable that the doctor give the first injection.

  • Pregnancy and lactation
  • Chronic liver and kidney disease with care
  • For kittens with care

Application rules for cats and dogs

  1. The first dose is always a shock, that is, twice the normal dose. Subsequently, the usual dose is prescribed.
  2. Dermatological diseases are treated for a long time, antibiotic therapy lasts up to several months, with increased doses
  3. For diseases of the external organs - wounds, otitis, inflammatory diseases of the eye - local antibiotics are prescribed
  4. It is not necessary to take antibiotics, if crops were performed on the microflora and the results are negative.
  5. Antibacterial agents must be continued for three days after the elimination of symptoms of the disease.
  6. Acceptance of antibiotics continues the entire course, without interruption. If you stop the course of the prescribed drug, then all the existing microflora in the cat's body will become resistant to the drug and in the future it will not act

Proper use of antibacterial agents contributes to the speedy recovery of the cat's body.

Therefore, do not be afraid if veterinarians prescribe fluffy darling drugs of this group, because with their help, the disease will recede much faster.

Antibiotic release form

The antibiotic is produced in tablets or in the form of a suspension for subcutaneous injection. Tablets are pink, round, with a dosage of 50 mg and 250 mg. On the one hand in the middle there is a separator strip, on the other - the name of the drug "Sinuloks". For cats and dogs the same drug can be used.

The blister contains 10 tablets, blisters are packed in a cardboard box.

"Sinuloks" injection is a yellow-white homogeneous suspension in a glass vial.

Buying a drug is not difficult. You can order it online, in addition, any veterinary pharmacy offers "Sinuloks" (for cats). The price for many owners who have a modest income will not be an obstacle to buying the drug.

Indications and methods of use

To combat a number of infections, Sinulox is considered to be the most effective. For cats, the drug is prescribed by a veterinarian only on the basis of test data and examination. Self-medication is prohibited. The drug is used for the following diseases:

• Infectious lesions and enteritis of the gastrointestinal tract.

• Dermatological diseases, including infection of soft tissues.

• Infections of the kidneys and urinary tract.

• Rhinitis, accompanied by atrophy of the mucous membrane.

Some antibiotics kill infections caused by surgery. The most effective for this purpose is considered "Sinuloks" (for cats). The instruction allows the use of the drug, not only cats, but also dogs.

An antibiotic tablet is administered orally, preferably with a small portion of food. Tablets are given 2 times a day, for 7 days. A single dose of the drug is calculated at the rate of 12.5 mg per 1 kg of cat weight.

Treatment of dermatological diseases and chronic cystitis is carried out from 10 days to 1 month, depending on the severity of the condition.

There is another form of the antibiotic Sinulox. For cats, injections are suitable no less than pills. They are inserted under the skin (at the withers or knee folds). The vial with suspension must be shaken before use, because the suspension may give a small residue, the contents can be stored in the open state for no longer than 30 days.

Pharmacological properties

The main active ingredient of the drug is amoxicillin (semi-synthetic penicillin) and clavulonic acid. Most of the bacteria and strains are sensitive to these substances, among them: Staphylococcus, Clostridia, Escherichia Coli, peptostreptokokki, Salmonella and others. The resistance of these microorganisms to most antibiotics is due to their ability to produce an enzyme (lactamase) that destroys penicillin until it “argues” with the bacterial cell.

Clavulonic acid inactivates lactamase, thus protecting antibiotic molecules from destruction. Due to this, penicillin penetrates into the cell of a bacterium and destroys it.

Contraindications

Like many antibiotics, has its contraindications and Sinuloks. For cats, dogs and ungulates this drug is valid. At the same time, the possibility of using small rodents, such as ornamental rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, etc., is excluded. Penicillin antibiotics have a deadly effect on these animals. Penicillin allergy is a contraindication to the use of this drug. There are no other restrictions on the use of this antibiotic.

Storage and precaution

"Sinuloks" is stored at a temperature of 4 to 25 degrees, in a dark place inaccessible to children and pets. The drug is assigned a hazard category "B", therefore after using it you should wash your hands with soap and water.

In the process of giving the animal is not recommended to take water and food. Use of an antibiotic, as well as empty containers for any household purposes is prohibited. Packaging must be recycled with other household waste.

Reviews of owners and specialists

Every cat owner has resorted to antibiotics for his cattery at least once in his life. For various infections, veterinarians prescribe different antibiotics that are not always effective, and some do more harm than good. The most effective among the analogues is considered "Sinuloks" for cats. Reviews of those whose pets helped this drug, remain only positive.

Veterinary doctors consider "Sinuloks" the most effective drug for combating postoperative infections. It is easily perceived by animals and practically has no contraindications. At observance of the required dosage, the antibiotic is well tolerated and has almost no adverse effect on the cat's body.

A very limited number of veterinary medicinal products are available, which at a relatively low cost have high therapeutic characteristics. These drugs include Sinulox (for cats). The price of antibiotics in veterinary pharmacies is available to any pet owner. On tablets with a dosage of 50 and 250 mg, it is 170 and 300 rubles, respectively, and 640 rubles for suspension.

According to the active substance:
  • penicillins:
  • cephalosporins:
  • aminoglycosides:
  • fluoroquinolones:
  • nitrofurans:
  • chloramphenicol:
  • lincosamides:
  • tetracyclines:
  • macrolides:
  • sulfonamides:
  • glycopeptides:
  • polymyxins:
  • carbapenems:
By origin:
  • natural (true) - chemicals produced by some microorganisms to fight against others,
  • synthetic - artificially created antimicrobial agents.

The principle of action does not depend on the form of release of the drug, the only question is the convenience of administration - it is convenient to prick someone, someone to give the cat an antibiotic in pills.

What are treated with antibiotics

Antibiotics and antimicrobials are indicated for bacterial infections and certain types of fungal diseases. This group of drugs does not affect viruses.

In which cases antibiotics are prescribed:

  • catarrhal diseases with a complication of pneumonia, sore throat or bronchitis, infections of the upper respiratory tract (rhinitis),
  • purulent inflammation of the kidneys (pyelonephritis),
  • bacterial inflammation of the urinary system (urethritis, cystitis - also used for catheterization),
  • purulent conjunctivitis and otitis,
  • pseudomonosis,
  • intestinal infections
  • abscesses, deep purulent wound processes,
  • leptospirosis,
  • chlamydia
  • staphylococcosis,
  • bacterial (purulent) inflammation of the skin,
  • oncology (to reduce infection of the affected tissues by secondary infection),
  • increased body temperature (treatment or prevention of secondary infections in viral diseases),
  • postoperative maintenance (for example, an antibiotic after sterilization of a cat).

Advantages and disadvantages of antibiotic therapy in cats

The main advantages include:

  • reduction of time of treatment of the disease, ease of administration, low effective dosages (some antibiotics are used in short courses by a single injection due to their action),
  • rapid improvement of the condition of the cat,
  • the presence of broad-spectrum properties (when there is no time or ability to determine the sensitivity of a microorganism to a particular narrowly acting antibiotic),
  • reducing the risk of complications from the underlying disease,
  • high efficiency even with a high concentration of bacteria in the body.

The disadvantages of taking antibiotics are as follows:

  • With prolonged antibiotic therapy, the body’s overall resistance to infections is reduced,
  • long courses can provoke the addiction of microorganisms to the drug and reduce its effectiveness,
  • violation of the dosage leads to serious consequences and complications (in particular, when it is exceeded),
  • sometimes it is additionally required to take drugs that normalize the gastrointestinal microflora

It is important to note that all the disadvantages and side effects of antibiotics are minimized with proper selection of their names and accurate calculation of the dosage.

What may be noted:
  • рвота и/или понос после антибиотиков (на фоне дисбактериоза),
  • снижение слуха,
  • convulsions
  • апатия, сонливость, общее угнетение, заторможенная реакция на происходящее вокруг,
  • ухудшение шерстного покрова,
  • нарушение координации движений,
  • аллергические реакции в виде зуда, сыпи, затрудненного дыхания, отеков, анафилаксии,
  • развитие вторичных инфекций,
  • токсическое поражение внутренних органов: почек, печени, головного или костного мозга и т.д.

Какой выбрать антибиотик. Классификация по группам

Владельцы кошек должны усвоить самое главное правило – антибиотики подбирает только ветеринарный специалист! Колоть кошке антибиотики можно не все, т.к. not all antibiotics are acceptable for use in cats, not all have analogues in human medicine and can be replaced by some other drug.

If the diagnosis of the doctor does not cause any doubts, then it is best to stay on narrowly acting drugs. If the condition is complicated by secondary infections or there is no time to isolate the pathogen, then certainly a broad-spectrum antibiotic comes to the rescue.

Doses of antibiotics are prescribed only by a specialist, based on the specific case of the disease. All given data are given for acquaintance!

Penicillins

prescribed for purulent wounds, burns and various types of inflammation of the dermal origin (bacterial skin pathology). In some cases, prescribed for pathologies of the urinary system.

Benzylpeny-zillin (potassium or sodium), it is (Intramitsin, Multipen, Penbeks, Pen-Strep)

20-40 thousand. Units / kg / m or / in every 4-8 hours. The course is determined by a veterinarian.

Ampicillin (Albipen L.A.)

10-20 mg / kg by any of the methods of administration every 6-8 hours. The duration of the course is determined by the type and complexity of the infection.

Amoxiclav (Amoxiclav, Sinuloks, Amoksigard, Ksiklav)

per os twice a day at the rate of 12.5 mg / kg for 5-10 days.

Amoxicillin (Amoksisan, Amoksimag, Amoksilong 150, Amuril, Amoksoil Retard, Vetrimoksin L.A., Amoksan, Amoksivet)

orally at a dose of 10 mg / kg every 8-12 hours, if intramuscularly, then 7 mg / kg once a day or 15 mg / kg once every 48 hours (for long-acting drugs)

Cephalosporins

broad-spectrum antibiotics, divided into several generations by origin and characteristics of the action. Suitable for almost any infection, when there is no time to wait for the analysis of the sensitivity of bacteria or when necessary therapeutic measures should be applied as soon as possible. Infections of the gastrointestinal tract, urogenital system, respiration and sometimes vision can be treated. Sepsis therapy responds well.

Ceftriaxone (Ceftrivet)

V / m, in / in once daily at 50 mg / kg, or every 12 hours at 20-25 mg / kg.

Cefazolin

20-35 mg / kg i.v. or v / m 2-4 times a day at regular intervals.

Cephalexin (Mastilex, Cefalen)

V / m, by mouth or s / to 10-25 mg / kg once a day.

Ceftazidime (Fortoferin)

From 20 to 50 mg / kg every 8-12 hours in a course determined by a specialist.

Cefotaxime (Clafobrin)

P / C, in / in or in / m at a dose of 20-40 mg / kg.

Aminoglycosides

copes well with colds, the onset of peritonitis, pneumonia. Can help with soft tissue infections. Very toxic group, appointed in particularly difficult cases.

Kanamycin

V / m or s / c 2-3 times a day for a week at a dose of 0.1 ml / kg (25 mg / kg).

Amikacin

p / c, in / m, sometimes in / in 5-10 mg / kg 2 times / day. at regular intervals or every 8 or 24 hours

Gentamicin (Gentam, Gentaprim, Gentaveth)

Twice a day and not longer than 5 days in a daily dose of 2-5-8 mg / kg / m. You can in / in, but very, very slowly with a dropper.

Streptomycin (Streptovik)

V / m 10-50 mg / kg twice or thrice a day with an equal period of time. The course of treatment is 4-7 days.

Neomycin

per os 10-20 mg / kg daily or 2.6 mg / ml diluted with drinking water.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double dose every 12 hours at a dose of 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (oral enrofloxacin) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double dose every 12 hours at a dose of 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (oral enrofloxacin) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double dose every 12 hours at a dose of 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (oral enrofloxacin) in the same dosage, pre-mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double dose every 12 hours at a dose of 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (oral enrofloxacin) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double dose every 12 hours at a dose of 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (oral enrofloxacin) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double dose every 12 hours at a dose of 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (oral enrofloxacin) in the same dosage, pre-mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

Tetracyclines

catarrhal and purulent conjunctivitis (especially chlamydia), endometritis, the initial stages of development of peritonitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, sometimes with infections of the genitourinary system. Work well in combination with penicillins.

Doxycycline (Doksiloks, Doksimag, Ronaksan, Paudoks, Doksatib)

It is best to ingest 10 mg / kg once daily with food or twice at 12 h at 5 mg / kg. Reception duration - 8-10 days.

Tetracycline (Laucetin)

Usually by mouth 10-20 mg / kg 3 times a day for 7-14 days. Sometimes longer therapy is required. Up to 3 weeks to 1-2 drops are dripped into the eyes, if there is a positive trend. If not, the drug is canceled.

one of the relatively safe antibiotic groups. Most often used to suppress secondary infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. They have no effect on Salmonella, fungi and viruses, and are most active against penicillin-resistant bacteria. In some cases, can be assigned to pregnant cats, because do not pose a danger to the fruit.

Erythromycin (Laucetin, Eridine)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg every 12 or 8 hours. Duration is usually not more than 7 days (minimum 5).

Azithromycin (Azitronit, Zitrokoks, Azikan)

The first day to take orally at 5-10 mg / kg once, from the third day the interval between doses can be increased to 48 hours. The course is calculated by the veterinarian.

Tylosin (Macrolan, Tilovet, Tilomag, Farmazin, Frazidin, Tilar)

2-10 mg / kg / m once a day or 7-11 mg / kg orally every 6-8 hours. The course is usually 3-5 days.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double intake every 12 hours at 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (enrofloxacin oral) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

Tetracyclines

catarrhal and purulent conjunctivitis (especially chlamydia), endometritis, the initial stages of development of peritonitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, sometimes with infections of the genitourinary system. Work well in combination with penicillins.

Doxycycline (Doksiloks, Doksimag, Ronaksan, Paudoks, Doksatib)

It is best to ingest 10 mg / kg once daily with food or twice at 12 h at 5 mg / kg. Reception duration - 8-10 days.

Tetracycline (Laucetin)

Usually by mouth 10-20 mg / kg 3 times a day for 7-14 days. Sometimes longer therapy is required. Up to 3 weeks to 1-2 drops are dripped into the eyes, if there is a positive trend. If not, the drug is canceled.

one of the relatively safe antibiotic groups. Most often used to suppress secondary infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. They have no effect on Salmonella, fungi and viruses, and are most active against penicillin-resistant bacteria. In some cases, can be assigned to pregnant cats, because do not pose a danger to the fruit.

Erythromycin (Laucetin, Eridine)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg every 12 or 8 hours. Duration is usually not more than 7 days (minimum 5).

Azithromycin (Azitronit, Zitrokoks, Azikan)

The first day to take orally at 5-10 mg / kg once, from the third day the interval between doses can be increased to 48 hours. The course is calculated by the veterinarian.

Tylosin (Macrolan, Tilovet, Tilomag, Farmazin, Frazidin, Tilar)

2-10 mg / kg / m once a day or 7-11 mg / kg orally every 6-8 hours. The course is usually 3-5 days.

Sulfanilamides

bacteriostats that are well suited for infections of the respiratory tract, urinary system, gastrointestinal tract, enteritis, and some viral infections as suppressors of secondary infections. If necessary, they are prescribed in combination with bactericidal antibiotics for pyometra (purulent inflammation of the genital organs).

Streptocid

0.3–2 g orally every 4–5 hours, starting with large doses. Duration can be up to 14 days.

Biseptol

Inside on 40 mg / kg twice a day till 10-14 days.

Phthalazole

0.1-0.2 g / kg per os for taking 1-3 times a day for 10 days.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double intake every 12 hours at 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (enrofloxacin oral) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

Tetracyclines

catarrhal and purulent conjunctivitis (especially chlamydia), endometritis, the initial stages of development of peritonitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, sometimes with infections of the genitourinary system. Work well in combination with penicillins.

Doxycycline (Doksiloks, Doksimag, Ronaksan, Paudoks, Doksatib)

It is best to ingest 10 mg / kg once daily with food or twice at 12 h at 5 mg / kg. Reception duration - 8-10 days.

Tetracycline (Laucetin)

Usually by mouth 10-20 mg / kg 3 times a day for 7-14 days. Sometimes longer therapy is required. Up to 3 weeks to 1-2 drops are dripped into the eyes, if there is a positive trend. If not, the drug is canceled.

one of the relatively safe antibiotic groups. Most often used to suppress secondary infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. They have no effect on Salmonella, fungi and viruses, and are most active against penicillin-resistant bacteria. In some cases, can be assigned to pregnant cats, because do not pose a danger to the fruit.

Erythromycin (Laucetin, Eridine)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg every 12 or 8 hours. Duration is usually not more than 7 days (minimum 5).

Azithromycin (Azitronit, Zitrokoks, Azikan)

The first day to take orally at 5-10 mg / kg once, from the third day the interval between doses can be increased to 48 hours. The course is calculated by the veterinarian.

Tylosin (Macrolan, Tilovet, Tilomag, Farmazin, Frazidin, Tilar)

2-10 mg / kg / m once a day or 7-11 mg / kg orally every 6-8 hours. The course is usually 3-5 days.

Sulfanilamides

bacteriostats that are well suited for infections of the respiratory tract, urinary system, gastrointestinal tract, enteritis, and some viral infections as suppressors of secondary infections. If necessary, they are prescribed in combination with bactericidal antibiotics for pyometra (purulent inflammation of the genital organs).

Streptocid

0.3–2 g orally every 4–5 hours, starting with large doses. Duration can be up to 14 days.

Biseptol

Inside on 40 mg / kg twice a day till 10-14 days.

Phthalazole

0.1-0.2 g / kg per os for taking 1-3 times a day for 10 days.

Glycopeptides

A very strong group of natural antibiotics, rarely used for the treatment of cats, because refers to the reserve group. They are excreted unchanged by the kidneys, therefore they are not prescribed for their pathologies. Mostly useful for the treatment of meningitis, infective endocarditis, severe sepsis, when the infection is severe and can not be treated with other antimicrobial drugs.

Vancomycin

Only in / in - 12-15 mg / kg every 8 hours. The duration of reception is determined only by a veterinarian, depending on the complexity of the situation.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double intake every 12 hours at 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (enrofloxacin oral) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

Tetracyclines

catarrhal and purulent conjunctivitis (especially chlamydia), endometritis, the initial stages of development of peritonitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, sometimes with infections of the genitourinary system. Work well in combination with penicillins.

Doxycycline (Doksiloks, Doksimag, Ronaksan, Paudoks, Doksatib)

It is best to ingest 10 mg / kg once daily with food or twice at 12 h at 5 mg / kg. Reception duration - 8-10 days.

Tetracycline (Laucetin)

Usually by mouth 10-20 mg / kg 3 times a day for 7-14 days. Sometimes longer therapy is required. Up to 3 weeks to 1-2 drops are dripped into the eyes, if there is a positive trend. If not, the drug is canceled.

one of the relatively safe antibiotic groups. Most often used to suppress secondary infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. They have no effect on Salmonella, fungi and viruses, and are most active against penicillin-resistant bacteria. In some cases, can be assigned to pregnant cats, because do not pose a danger to the fruit.

Erythromycin (Laucetin, Eridine)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg every 12 or 8 hours. Duration is usually not more than 7 days (minimum 5).

Azithromycin (Azitronit, Zitrokoks, Azikan)

The first day to take orally at 5-10 mg / kg once, from the third day the interval between doses can be increased to 48 hours. The course is calculated by the veterinarian.

Tylosin (Macrolan, Tilovet, Tilomag, Farmazin, Frazidin, Tilar)

2-10 mg / kg / m once a day or 7-11 mg / kg orally every 6-8 hours. The course is usually 3-5 days.

Sulfanilamides

bacteriostats that are well suited for infections of the respiratory tract, urinary system, gastrointestinal tract, enteritis, and some viral infections as suppressors of secondary infections. If necessary, they are prescribed in combination with bactericidal antibiotics for pyometra (purulent inflammation of the genital organs).

Streptocid

0.3–2 g orally every 4–5 hours, starting with large doses. Duration can be up to 14 days.

Biseptol

Inside on 40 mg / kg twice a day till 10-14 days.

Phthalazole

0.1-0.2 g / kg per os for taking 1-3 times a day for 10 days.

Glycopeptides

A very strong group of natural antibiotics, rarely used for the treatment of cats, because refers to the reserve group. They are excreted unchanged by the kidneys, therefore they are not prescribed for their pathologies. Mostly useful for the treatment of meningitis, infective endocarditis, severe sepsis, when the infection is severe and can not be treated with other antimicrobial drugs.

Vancomycin

Only in / in - 12-15 mg / kg every 8 hours. The duration of reception is determined only by a veterinarian, depending on the complexity of the situation.

Carbapenems

a very strong group of antibiotics; they are only injected (parenterally) and with special prolonged and multi-resistant infections, when conventional antibacterial agents fail.

Imipenem

3-10 mg / kg with a / in or / m introduction. The duration of the course is determined by the veterinarian.

Meropenem

5-10 mg / kg by any injection method. In special cases, you can increase the dosage to 24 mg / kg once a day for intravenous administration.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double intake every 12 hours at 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (enrofloxacin oral) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

Tetracyclines

catarrhal and purulent conjunctivitis (especially chlamydia), endometritis, the initial stages of development of peritonitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, sometimes with infections of the genitourinary system. Work well in combination with penicillins.

Doxycycline (Doksiloks, Doksimag, Ronaksan, Paudoks, Doksatib)

It is best to ingest 10 mg / kg once daily with food or twice at 12 h at 5 mg / kg. Reception duration - 8-10 days.

Tetracycline (Laucetin)

Usually by mouth 10-20 mg / kg 3 times a day for 7-14 days. Sometimes longer therapy is required. Up to 3 weeks to 1-2 drops are dripped into the eyes, if there is a positive trend. If not, the drug is canceled.

one of the relatively safe antibiotic groups. Most often used to suppress secondary infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. They have no effect on Salmonella, fungi and viruses, and are most active against penicillin-resistant bacteria. In some cases, can be assigned to pregnant cats, because do not pose a danger to the fruit.

Erythromycin (Laucetin, Eridine)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg every 12 or 8 hours. Duration is usually not more than 7 days (minimum 5).

Azithromycin (Azitronit, Zitrokoks, Azikan)

The first day to take orally at 5-10 mg / kg once, from the third day the interval between doses can be increased to 48 hours. The course is calculated by the veterinarian.

Tylosin (Macrolan, Tilovet, Tilomag, Farmazin, Frazidin, Tilar)

2-10 mg / kg / m once a day or 7-11 mg / kg orally every 6-8 hours. The course is usually 3-5 days.

Sulfanilamides

bacteriostats that are well suited for infections of the respiratory tract, urinary system, gastrointestinal tract, enteritis, and some viral infections as suppressors of secondary infections. If necessary, they are prescribed in combination with bactericidal antibiotics for pyometra (purulent inflammation of the genital organs).

Streptocid

0.3–2 g orally every 4–5 hours, starting with large doses. Duration can be up to 14 days.

Biseptol

Inside on 40 mg / kg twice a day till 10-14 days.

Phthalazole

0.1-0.2 g / kg per os for taking 1-3 times a day for 10 days.

Glycopeptides

A very strong group of natural antibiotics, rarely used for the treatment of cats, because refers to the reserve group. They are excreted unchanged by the kidneys, therefore they are not prescribed for their pathologies. Mostly useful for the treatment of meningitis, infective endocarditis, severe sepsis, when the infection is severe and can not be treated with other antimicrobial drugs.

Vancomycin

Only in / in - 12-15 mg / kg every 8 hours. The duration of reception is determined only by a veterinarian, depending on the complexity of the situation.

Carbapenems

a very strong group of antibiotics; they are only injected (parenterally) and with special prolonged and multi-resistant infections, when conventional antibacterial agents fail.

Imipenem

3-10 mg / kg with a / in or / m introduction. The duration of the course is determined by the veterinarian.

Meropenem

5-10 mg / kg by any injection method. In special cases, you can increase the dosage to 24 mg / kg once a day for intravenous administration.

Antifungal antibiotics

a narrow group of agents acting on various types of fungi, including ringworm.

Griseofulvin (Dermicoocide)

Very long (3-5 weeks) inside of 10-30 mg / kg twice a day every 12 hours.

Nystatin

Inside from 20 to 750 thousand units / cat 2-4 times per day for 10 days, depending on the neglect of the state.

Levorin

Inside from 20 to 750 thousand units / cat 2-4 times per day for 10 days, depending on the neglect of the state.

fully synthetic antimicrobial agents that have a wide spectrum of action on most bacteria. Used most often in urinary infections, because do not burden the diseased kidneys. Some of them can help with bacterial skin pathologies.

Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprovet, Tsipromag)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg twice a day course of 5-14 days

Levofloxacin (Lexoflon, Lexoflon OR, Ornithyl, Endolex)

Per os once a day 10 mg / kg or twice a day at 5 mg / kg. The course is 5-10 days.

Enrofloxacin (Baytril, Enrofloks, Kolifloks, Ribafloks, Enroksil, Enromag, Enronit, Enroflon, Renrovet, Kolmik E)

1 time per day per os or p / c at a dosage of 5 mg / kg in the course of 3-5 days. It can be divided into a double intake every 12 hours at 2.5 mg / kg. You can use the drinking variant (enrofloxacin oral) in the same dosage, after mixing it with water or milk.

Nitrofurans

copes well with skin infections, pressure sores and skin ulcers, corneal injuries, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, and mastitis. Along with fluoroquinolones, urinary system infections are well treated. Some members of the group are actively used in intestinal bacterial infections (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, enterocolitis, etc.).

Furagin

5-10 mg / kg every 8 hours for at least 5 days, maximum - prescribed by a veterinarian.

Nitrofurantoin

Daily dose of 5-10 mg / kg, given in 2-4 doses per day. The course of application is not more than 7 days. It manifests itself well with purulent cystitis.

Nifuroxazide (Nifurovet)

Per os 100 mg / animal per day in capsules or as a suspension. Kittens give 20 mg per reception. The multiplicity is 2-3 times a day for 2-7 days (on average, they stop giving the drug if there has been no diarrhea for the last 12 hours). It should give the cat to drink plenty of water.

Furazolidone

Per os at a rate of 4 mg / kg every 12 hours for no longer than 7-10 days.

Chloramphenicol

possess a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, can affect intracellular parasites. It penetrates the liver, kidneys, spleen and lungs. An excellent choice for intestinal infections. It is impossible to apply for a long time, the risks of provoking dysbacteriosis are high.

chloramphenicol (synth.)

chloramphenicol (natural. analogue) (Levanzam, Levotetrasulfin, Lenovit, Fenicol, Chronicin, Floricol)

10-20 mg / kg per os 2-3 times a day, a course of 3-7 days, depending on the disease. Locally drips into the eyes of 1-2 drops in each eye. The multiplicity depends on the concentration of the drug.

Linkosamides

any infections of the skin, abdominal cavity, genital organs, and respiratory tract pathology.

Lincomycin (Linkovik)

Inside every 8 hours, 15 mg / kg or 22 mg / kg every 12 hours. Slowly IV, 11-22 mg / kg every 12 or 24 hours. V / m twice a day, 11 mg / kg or once 22 mg / kg

Clindamycin (Clindaspectin)

P / C or per os 10-15 mg / kg, every 12 hours.

Tetracyclines

catarrhal and purulent conjunctivitis (especially chlamydia), endometritis, the initial stages of development of peritonitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, sometimes with infections of the genitourinary system. Work well in combination with penicillins.

Doxycycline (Doksiloks, Doksimag, Ronaksan, Paudoks, Doksatib)

It is best to ingest 10 mg / kg once daily with food or twice at 12 h at 5 mg / kg. Reception duration - 8-10 days.

Tetracycline (Laucetin)

Usually by mouth 10-20 mg / kg 3 times a day for 7-14 days. Sometimes longer therapy is required. Up to 3 weeks to 1-2 drops are dripped into the eyes, if there is a positive trend. If not, the drug is canceled.

one of the relatively safe antibiotic groups. Most often used to suppress secondary infections of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract. They have no effect on Salmonella, fungi and viruses, and are most active against penicillin-resistant bacteria. In some cases, can be assigned to pregnant cats, because do not pose a danger to the fruit.

Erythromycin (Laucetin, Eridine)

Inside 5-15 mg / kg every 12 or 8 hours. Duration is usually not more than 7 days (minimum 5).

Azithromycin (Azitronit, Zitrokoks, Azikan)

The first day to take orally at 5-10 mg / kg once, from the third day the interval between doses can be increased to 48 hours. The course is calculated by the veterinarian.

Tylosin (Macrolan, Tilovet, Tilomag, Farmazin, Frazidin, Tilar)

2-10 mg / kg / m once a day or 7-11 mg / kg orally every 6-8 hours. The course is usually 3-5 days.

Sulfanilamides

bacteriostats that are well suited for infections of the respiratory tract, urinary system, gastrointestinal tract, enteritis, and some viral infections as suppressors of secondary infections. If necessary, they are prescribed in combination with bactericidal antibiotics for pyometra (purulent inflammation of the genital organs).

Streptocid

0.3–2 g orally every 4–5 hours, starting with large doses. Duration can be up to 14 days.

Biseptol

Inside on 40 mg / kg twice a day till 10-14 days.

Phthalazole

0.1-0.2 g / kg per os for taking 1-3 times a day for 10 days.

Glycopeptides

A very strong group of natural antibiotics, rarely used for the treatment of cats, because refers to the reserve group. They are excreted unchanged by the kidneys, therefore they are not prescribed for their pathologies. Mostly useful for the treatment of meningitis, infective endocarditis, severe sepsis, when the infection is severe and can not be treated with other antimicrobial drugs.

Vancomycin

Only in / in - 12-15 mg / kg every 8 hours. The duration of reception is determined only by a veterinarian, depending on the complexity of the situation.

Carbapenems

a very strong group of antibiotics; they are only injected (parenterally) and with special prolonged and multi-resistant infections, when conventional antibacterial agents fail.

Imipenem

3-10 mg / kg with a / in or / m introduction. The duration of the course is determined by the veterinarian.

Meropenem

5-10 mg / kg by any injection method. In special cases, you can increase the dosage to 24 mg / kg once a day for intravenous administration.

Antifungal antibiotics

a narrow group of agents acting on various types of fungi, including ringworm.

Griseofulvin (Dermicoocide)

Very long (3-5 weeks) inside of 10-30 mg / kg twice a day every 12 hours.

Nystatin

Inside from 20 to 750 thousand units / cat 2-4 times per day for 10 days, depending on the neglect of the state.

Levorin

Inside from 20 to 750 thousand units / cat 2-4 times per day for 10 days, depending on the neglect of the state.

Nitroimidazole

antimicrobial and antiprotozoal group of broad-acting substances. Appointed when the diagnosis is beyond doubt, and the benefits will definitely be higher than the harm from side effects.

Metronidazole (Metronid, Stomorgil, Trichovet, Ursometronid)

Inside for 10-20 mg / kg 1-2 times a day. When administered intravenously (with a concentration of 5 mg / ml), a flow rate of 2–5 ml / kg of body weight is used depending on the type of infection. The multiplicity is also 1-2 times a day.

Of course, here is not a complete list of those antibiotics that generally exist in groups and which are allowed for cats, but only the most common and used in veterinary practice. In total, about 25 types of antibiotics are used in veterinary medicine, but not all are permissible for use in small animals.

Self-treatment is highly undesirable!

You can not prescribe antibiotics for cats on their own, especially if it is a purely human drug. All appointments are made only by a specialist and ideally if after a test of potential bacteria for sensitivity to a particular drug. In this case, the therapeutic effect will be most noticeable. If this is not possible, only a veterinarian should also select a broad-spectrum antibiotic.

The antibiotic may be harmful if administered out of place or in the wrong dosages.

Antimicrobial drugs should be prescribed purely in cases where it is obvious that they can not do without. It is important to respect the dosages. Otherwise, taking antibiotics is a way to complications and super-infections, when microorganisms develop resistance and mutate, becoming stronger and provoking the appearance of difficult to treat infections.

Reception of probiotics

Rarely, but it happens that after antibiotics, the cat begins to suffer from digestive disorders due to dysbacteriosis, because the drug "kills" and more beneficial intestinal bacteria. Therefore, immediately after a course of antibiotic therapy, you should start taking probiotics - drugs with a concentration of beneficial intestinal microorganisms. Simultaneously with antimicrobials it is not worth doing, because they will continue to die from the medicine.

A course of treatment

Each antibiotic is followed by instructions, which clearly state how many days the reception should last. In no case can not independently reduce the time of treatment with antibacterial agents! Usually the course lasts at least 5 days, then, if necessary, it can be extended to 7, 10 and 14 days (unless otherwise indicated in the instructions).

There are long-lasting antibiotics, when a course of a maximum of 3 days is enough, or even 1 injection / tablet for 5-7 days. All these nuances are spelled out in the instructions.

If you reduce the duration of treatment, you can thus worsen the health of the cat and develop the addictiveness of microorganisms to the drug, which will be a reason to choose more complex and stronger antibiotics for treatment.

Antibiotics affect the reproductive system

The negative impact on the ability to reproduce can be reduced by taking a break between the mating and the end of the course of antibiotic therapy. Usually at least for 3-5 months, depending on the drug used, the cat can not be mated to produce offspring. The risks of miscarriage or the appearance of offspring with congenital anomalies are high. Some antibiotics with their toxic effect can have a negative impact on the primary laying of the internal organs after fertilization and the development of embryos.

Fungal diseases cannot be treated with antibiotics.

Not everyone knows that some antibiotics are a breeding ground for stronger reproduction of fungi. Pet's condition will only deteriorate. In this case, specialized antifungal agents or special antifungal antibiotics are used to treat cats. In other cases, antibacterial agents are not used.

Strongly forbidden combinations of antibiotics

Not all antibiotics can be simultaneously applied. There are combinations that are strictly prohibited and threaten serious consequences for the health of your pet!

  1. Aminoglycosides and cephalosporins (increases nephrotoxic effect, develops acute renal failure or nephritis).
  2. Nitrofurans and fluoroquinolones (complete antagonists, which cancel each other’s effects).
  3. Fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins (severe kidney damage (nephrotoxic effect), leukopenia).
  4. Sulfonamides and chloramphenicol (pharmacologically incompatible).
  5. Aminoglycosides, vancomycin, polymyxin with furosemide (a sharp increase in toxic effects on the organs of hearing to its complete loss).
  6. Beta-lactam antibiotics and carbapenem (clear antagonists).
  7. Cephalosporins (especially ceftriaxone) with calcium gluconate (especially in the same syringe).
  8. Aminoglycosides (in particular, gentamicin) with penicillin antibiotics should not be mixed in one syringe (antagonists, an increase in the ototoxic properties of gentamicin). In this case, combination therapy with different injections is welcome.
  9. Ceftriaxone and vikasol (complete neutralization of the action of Vicasol).
  10. Polymyxin, penicillin and cephalosporins (pharmacological incompatibility with each other).

Action type

In many cases, the type of action is crucial. For example, bactericidal (killing) antibiotics for cats with a staph infection can provoke an obstruction of the urethra: staphylococcal mass dying form sediment in the bladder, sand is formed, and then stones. However, bactericidal antibiotics can save the cat's life, if we are talking about sepsis, pyometra and other serious infections. In addition, killing antibiotics work better with local inflammation - purulent wounds, ulcers, etc. Depending on the diagnosis, both types of antibiotic can be used in shock doses or the veterinarian prescribes long-acting antibiotics for cats - the drug acts gradually, the active substances are released slowly, due to which the active period of the drug is prolonged.

Types of antibiotics

All antibacterial drugs are classified according to their chemical structure. This includes bactericidal antibiotics for cats, and means that limit the reproduction of bacteria without killing them:

If the type or dosage of antibiotics for cats is chosen incorrectly, the bacteria (protozoa, fungi) will take a new form that is resistant to antibiotics. In this case, dealing with the disease will become much more difficult. In addition, without a sensitivity test, it is impossible to determine whether a particular drug will be effective, so a visit to the doctor and preliminary tests are mandatory.

Often used means

Penicillins (amoxiclav, ampicillin, bitsilin, etc.) are used in the treatment of burns, purulent wounds, ulcers, cuts. Effective with pleurisy, peritonitis, urinary and respiratory infections.

Streptomycins are used both independently and in addition to penicillins. Effective with endometritis, respiratory and urinary tract infections, wound treatment, conjunctivitis.

Tetracycline-based ointments help to cope with conjunctivitis and skin infections, injections or tetracycline antibiotics for cats in tablets are prescribed for inflammation of the digestive tract, respiratory organs and digestion.

Cephalosporins and sulfonamides are prescribed for infections of the respiratory organs, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, sepsis, enteritis and pyometra, skin inflammation.

Side effects

After the death of bacteria, all the filth comes out of the body through the liver and kidneys. In some cases, antibiotics can be the trigger for the dormant disease of these organs or aggravate the course of a chronic illness, so a full preliminary examination is necessary. It is imperative that the dosage of antibiotics for cats be calculated based on the results of studies of the general condition - this reduces the load on the kidneys and liver. During or after taking antibiotics (depending on the diagnosis and the type of drug), hepatoprotectors and agents are used to help the kidneys get rid of toxins.

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Until tomorrow to live, then I'll take to the verenarka

But life experience suggests that recipes for a veterinarian should be rechecked. Before you enter the prescribed medication, be sure to weigh the cat and recalculate the dose.

When my cat was a year old, she had a conjunctivitis problem.The vet recommended tetracycline based ointment. Applied means strictly according to the instructions and recommendations. Our cat this medicine has helped.

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Antibiotic classification

Antibiotics for animals are divided into two types:

  • Bactericidal bacteria that kill bacteria
  • Bacteriostats, by which bacteria cease to multiply and develop.

All drugs can be divided by chemicalto substancewhich is contained in the medicine.

All antibiotics are obtained in several ways, for example, natural, synthetic or mixed.

For the treatment of cats using two forms of antibiotics, the choice of a drug should be carried out on the basis of the general state of pain of the organ of the pet.

Antibiotics of systemic exposure - they are available, usually in the form of tablets or solutions for injection. The main difference between drugs of this type is that they are as effective as possible.

Local effects are powders, creams, ointments and more. These drugs must be applied to the damaged mucous membrane or skin.

Advantages and disadvantages of antibiotics

Taking drugs that are antibiotics can have both positive and negative effects on the cats' body.

Advantages that are revealed from taking medications:

The main thing in using drugs is that they get rid of infections in a short period of time. Before you begin treatment, you need to carefully read what they have contraindications and side effects.

It is worth remembering that if you do not examine the animal or make a mistake with the correct dosage, the chances of side effects may increase.

If you use these drugs, pathogens can get used to them and the therapeutic effect will decrease,

Exceeding the dosage may cause the cat poisoning,

If you take drugs for a long time and often repeat courses of therapy can reduce resistance to infections,

Often in the case of the use of strong antibiotics dysbacteriosis and indigestion of the gastrointestinal tract may occur,

Often develop unpleasant side effects.

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