Pomeranian spitz - decorative breed of dogs. They are popular because of their beautiful appearance and simplicity of content. Recently, more and more breeders prefer the "bear type" Spitz. These small cheerful pets look like little cubs, and for the first time they started talking about them in the 80s of the last century.
Dwarf Bear Pomeranian Spitz: Standard and Characteristics of the Breed
The International Canine Federation (FCI) classifies pomeranians to the German Spitz variety (standard No. 97, class 5 - spitz and primitive dogs). Other breed names are Miniature Spitz or Toy Spitz.
Externally, the orange is similar to the German Spitz. But it has a short face, smaller size and a predominance of soft, "cotton" undercoat.
The Pomeranian Spitz got the name from the province of Pomerania in Germany. Breeding "dwarf" species began in 1870, when the breed came to England.
There are three types of oranges:
- Normal - with a fox muzzle.
- Baby dollars or toys.
- Bearish type.
The only difference between the three types of oranges - the shape of the head. The FCI standard recognizes only one species - with an elongated "fox" muzzle. But the bear type is gradually gaining popularity. Sometimes submitted this type are allowed even to participate in exhibitions.
The appearance of the Pomeranian Spitz bear type
The oranges are like little teddy bears. When breeding breeders focused on reducing the size, weight and compaction of wool.
"Teddy bear" tightly folded, with a strong and powerful bones. They look fat and slightly awkward.
Dogs have a round head with a flattened, short muzzle. The tips and the tip of the nose are raised up, and the eyes are close set and rounded. Outwardly, it seems that they have plump cheeks and small ears. But this is an optical illusion. It occurs because of the fluffy, protruding hair on the cheekbones.
The average height of the Pomeranian spitz-bear is 22 cm from the floor to the withers. These parameters vary somewhat. So, bitches are usually smaller than males. However, a height of less than 18 cm is considered undesirable. Breed weight - from 1.4 to 3.5 kg.
One of the distinguishing features of oranges from other types of Spitz is a thick undercoat and poorly developed guard hair. It does not fit the body, but grows perpendicular to it. On the back of the paws and tail, the hair is lengthened, and on the neck it forms a halo resembling a lion's mane.
Pomeranian spitz almost no shedding. In the spring and autumn season, it will be enough to comb the dog once every one or two days.
10 types of bearish type of oranges are allowed:
- the black,
- black and tan
- sable - red with black admixture,
- blue and tan
Most often there are "bears" of red color. Most rarely, white and blue. This is due to the difficulty of elimination. It is impossible to cross two representatives with light hair directly - puppies will be too large. Therefore, a white-colored pomeranian reduces cream or orange with orange, gradually “lightening” from litter to litter.
Like all decorative dogs bred by artificial selection, the Pomeranian bear-type Spitz has many health problems. The growing demand for them only aggravates the situation.
The normal length of the muzzle of an orange is from 3 to 5 cm. However, the bear type of the muzzle is too short, sometimes it does not reach 1 cm. Because of this, the dog finds it difficult to breathe and the work of the heart is disturbed. They also have a high risk of chronic diseases of the central nervous system - syringomyelia.
In pursuit of fashion, unscrupulous breeders try to get as many bearish oranges as possible in the litter. As a result, sick individuals often appear or representatives cross with the dwarfism gene. The lifespan of such dogs is short and often does not reach the standard 15 - 16 years.
Breeders say that the popularity of "bears" harms the breed. Many kennels refuse to display bear-type oranges in favor of the standard exterior.
How to make a “bear” from a spitz-dog with the help of grooming
Often, the “bearish” appearance of an orange is not so much the result of breeding, but rather the correct grooming. Individuals with round eyes are particularly well-suited to “modeling”.
To make the Pomeranian spitz-dog look like a “bear”, the top layer of guard coat is cut so that it is the same length as the undercoat. After the groomer rounds the fur on his head. The pet acquires the classic features of a bear type: the muzzle is visually rounded, the cheeks become plump, the almond shape of the eyes and ears are reduced.
But too shorten the wool can not. It is forbidden to shave undercoat or use a typewriter. If the groomer makes a mistake, the pet will forever remain short-haired: a damaged undercoat will grow into scraps.
How to choose a puppy Pomeranian Spitz bear type
At an early age, all puppies of oranges look like cubs. Differences will appear later. Whether a pet will become a “bear” can be judged no earlier than in 4–5 months. But finally the dog will be formed only by one year.
Like a puppy is better to reserve and insist that he stay with his mother until five months of age. Often the breeders try to sell the litter up to six months, since at this time the dogs start to moult, and they become “unpresentable”. But it is better to wait a couple of months. Mature and adult spitz well adapted in the new house.
Focusing on the appearance of parents is often useless. Bear type manure may appear in representatives of the classic "fox" type, and in "bears" - individuals with an elongated muzzle. But the density and quality of wool are inherited.
If you need to buy a puppy right now and wait for no time, you can focus on the shape of the ears. In the "chanterelles" they are sharp, standing, they are made of wool. The "cubs" ears are rounded and slightly bent.
It is better to buy a spitz in a professional nursery. Their owners carefully monitor breed standards and dog health. No honest breeder will give up a pet before the age of two months. And if you wait until the age of five months and pick up a spitz, when the face is formed, the puppy will already be vaccinated.
How much is a bear cub
The price of bear type oranges depends on the level of the kennel and the class of the dog. So, a puppy of a pet-class costs 18-20 thousand rubles. Exhibition - an average of 30 thousand rubles. Also, bitches are usually 3 - 5 thousand rubles more males.
It is not necessary to acquire the most expensive puppy. If it is turned on as a pet, the pet of a pet-class will become ideal option. The appearance of these dogs only slightly does not meet the standards and does not affect the health.
Pomeranian bear-type spitz-dogs easily get along in an apartment. They are easy to maintain, do not require strict dressing and adapt to the rhythm of the life of the owner. However, this breed is prone to heart disease and respiratory system due to the short muzzle. Buying an orange is in the official nursery, where breeders strictly monitor the proper selection and health of pets.
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There are two recognized types of Pomeranian Spitz: German (Fox) and Teddy Bear. Separately isolated puppet type (toy or baby doll). The International Canine Federation (FCI) considers all of these oranges to be a type of German Spitz. American, English and Canadian dog clubs recognized the Pomeranian Spitz as a separate breed. However, the bearish type did not find support in any of the standards. But this did not affect his popularity. Today, the bear species is the most fashionable characteristic of the exterior of the spitz.
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Pomeranian bear type has strong bones. Ears are small, rounded, set high. The nose is full, rather short. Wool with a large predominance of the undercoat, well-dressed legs, the head has a voluminous "cap." Puppies of the Pomeranian bear-type Spitz are also distinguished by their elegance: with well-developed hair, pubescent legs and a beautiful head. Ears are hidden in a thick head of hair. In color, the Pomeranian spitz-dog with the appearance of a bear cub can be like all spitz-dogs of different colors - white, cream, black.
History of origin
The ancestor of all Spitz dogs is a peat dog, who lived in the Stone Age. It was large in size, but then people artificially bred a miniature breed - Pomeranian, or dwarf, Spitz.
The dog got its name in honor of one of the regions of Germany - Pomerania. Dwarf German Spitz representatives got into England in the time of Queen Victoria, in the 70s of the XIX century. The queen herself never parted with her spitz Marco.
In England and America, selection work was carried out to give the breed a refined and beautiful appearance.
Now there are three types of oranges - classic with a fox muzzle, “baby dollars”, or puppet, and bear.
At exhibitions, dogs with proportions of the face that meet the requirements of the standard win. Bear and puppet type are more likely a tribute to fashion. Popularity "bears" brought European dog Bu and Japanese Shunsuke. The hostesses regularly post photos of their pets on social networks, receiving rave reviews from millions of fans.
Description of mini pomeranian spitz-bear
These are fluffy, energetic dogs with a round head and a wide flat face. They resemble funny cubs, which is why they got such a name - Pomeranian Bear-type Spitz. Many breeders consider Pomeranian Spitz with an overly shortened snout a sign of breed degeneration - such a change in appearance negatively affects the health and longevity of animals.
Dwarf Pomeranian spitz initially has a shorter face than other German spitz. But if its length is less than 1 cm, the dog may have serious illnesses - heart disease, shortness of breath. This should be considered when choosing a pet.
The Pomeranian Spitz has a fast metabolism, so when any discomfort occurs, you should immediately go to the veterinarian for help. This is a very demanding breed, and you need to treat miniature dogs like little children. They need special food, clothing, ammunition.
A healthy dwarf spitz can live up to 20 years. The average life expectancy of the majority of the breed is 15 years.
Dog health is affected by conditions of care and daily care.
Possible health problems:
- Normally, Pomeranian Spitz should not “flow” eyes. This problem occurs due to irregularities in the diet. Dogs can not be fed large amounts of protein, sweet, salty, fatty foods.
- Spitz has very fragile bones, even jumping from a stool can lead to fracture of the limbs.
- Dogs have poor digestion, they cannot be fed with regular food. A small piece of sausage or sausage causes persistent inflammation of the pancreas. The animal suffers from this very much and can die without proper treatment.
The purpose and character of the dog
Despite its small size, the spitz is a great companion for walking in the countryside.
He does not need to walk for a long time, like large breeds of dogs, if there is no time at all, you can accustom him to the tray, like a cat. But short walks will be good for your pet's health.
Pomeranian spitz feels the mood of the owner and is never intrusive. He plays merrily when they want to play with him, and behaves quietly if the landlord wants to rest. The dog is very smart, it has a special approach to each family member. Spitz is friendly and sociable, gets along well with other pets.
Breed description Pomeranian bear-type, standard requirements:
- the head is small, the muzzle and the skull have a 2: 4 ratio,
- nose slightly upturned, black or brown,
- dry lips pressed to the jaws
- bite straight,
- white teeth, 42 pcs., rounded cheekbones,
- ears small, erect,
- eyes are round, dark,
- the neck is of medium length with a long mane of hair,
- the back is short and strong
- tail bent over the back ring, fluffy,
- limbs strong, straight,
- height at withers - 18-20 cm,
- weight - from 2 to 4 kg.
The coat color of the miniature Spitz is varied: black, chocolate, orange, cream, blue, white or two-color. The nature of the dog is lively, cheerful, it is not characterized by aggression and fearfulness. Despite the tiny size, the dog can be an excellent guard, loyal to his master.
Puppies of the Pomeranian Spitz at professional breeders cost from 50 to 200 thousand rubles. After walking around the different kennels and choosing a suitable litter, it is advisable to inquire about the health of the parents of the future pet. The puppy itself must be healthy, vaccinated by age, active and sociable.
Content, care and feeding
If you do not have time to cook your dog natural food, you can feed it with high-quality dry food. Food should not be too fat. It is best to use super premium class feed and holistics for small breeds of dogs. They are well digested and economical to use.
The property of the Pomeranian Spitz is its wool. Caring for her is not difficult, it is enough to comb the dog 2 times a week, paying particular attention to the ear zone - there, the spitz most often forms tangles.
- Comb the animal against the coat with a moisturizing or voluminous conditioner to remove dead hair and create volume. Stroking the dog is also against the coat.
- Bathe it 1 or 2 times a month with a special shampoo, using the same conditioner. The cleaner the wool, the more beautiful the dog looks. Dry your pet with a hairdryer, combing against wool.
- Once a month, cut the claws.
- Eyes require close attention. They can flow, because every morning they need to wipe with a cotton pad.
The dog is cut to a certain length, depending on the type of coat, but not shorter than the length of the undercoat. Haircut for spitz should not be too short - this spoils the wool. Before the exhibition this procedure is entrusted to the master, sometimes the victory of the animal depends on his skill.
There are several options for spitz haircuts. If it is show grooming, the dog is shaped like a ball. There are several types of hygienic haircuts. Spitz sheds 2 times a year, bitches a little more often than dogs. But during shedding the wool does not fray, it can be easily combed out with a puhoderka.
It is advisable to walk with the dog every day, morning and evening. For walking it is better to use a tape measure. If a dangerous situation arises, you can take your pet. Walking the dog is best on a harness, not a leash with a collar. If the pet is in danger, a sudden jerk of the leash will lead to a serious neck injury.
The dog has a very weak attachment of the head and vertebrae, it is easy to roll them up, so you cannot play with the Pomeranian Spitz in tug-of-war.
The harness for the pomeranian dog should be bought round - this prevents the hair from rolling on the neck. In the autumn-spring and winter period, the pet is put on clothes so as not to bathe it after each walk. Rainwear is suitable for rainy weather, and for winter - insulated jackets and fur vests.
How to train and educate the Pomeranian Spitz
The dog needs serious education. There will be many problems with a spoiled pomeranian, it can show aggression, a desire to dominate.
- From puppyhood, explain to the pet that he should not do where his place, learn to understand the owner.
- Having decided to start a Spitz at home, it is necessary to prepare a corner for his peaceful stay, where he can rest. This may be a small house or stove.
- If the puppy has a habit of nibbling things, you can leave it at home in a sectional aviary when all family members are at work.
- A dog must have toys. It is advisable to buy latex, not breaking.
To buy spitz should be taken seriously.
There are certain rules for handling this fragile little dog:
- you can't leave it on the couch - by jumping off of it, the dog will break its paws,
- immediately bring up, accustom to the diaper and place
- bathe and comb regularly.
Pomeranian perfectly teaches teams and various tricks, it can be seen even in the circus arena. But show dogs most often do not train.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The main advantage of the Pomeranian Spitz is its sweet appearance, which leaves no one indifferent. This is a cute little dog that you can take with you. Spitz dogs are quick-witted, they live long with good heredity and proper care.
Many people want to have this cute dog, but if there are small children in the family, you must take into account the peculiarities of the breed.
Заводчики не рекомендуют покупать шпица семье, в которой есть дети младше 3 – 4 лет.
Они могут случайно травмировать собаку, сильно придавить или бросить на пол.
К недостаткам породы можно отнести сложности в уходе. It is necessary to monitor the teeth, to constantly clean them, in miniature dogs they quickly deteriorate. Should regularly care for wool. The animal is expensive.
But for true connoisseurs of the breed, all the flaws evaporate after looking into the faithful puppy eyes. Care of the spitz is simple, the main thing is to love the dog and try to give it the best.