How to care for huskies: content in the apartment, food, walking


However, having inherited the appearance of an insidious predator, today's Husky has acquired an almost pathological absence of an aggressive attitude towards man.

For hundreds of years, his main task was running - at the behest of the owner the dog was obliged to deliver the sleds with luggage to any long distance.

The vagabond instinct makes the Huskies completely unsuitable for carrying out guard duty — the animal is unable to protect the territory, and friendliness is a serious obstacle to using the Husk as a guard.

An attempt to arouse evil instincts ends with an unpredictable dog behavior.

The husky is a rather tall dog: at the withers the height can reach 61 cm. The head with sharp protruding ears is planted on the high neck - the posture gives the dog a proud independent character.

The color is gray with white, the eyes are blue or brown. A feature of the breed is heterochromia - this is when one eye is blue and the other is brown..

In addition to expressive appearance, representatives of the breed have a number of qualities that make them attractive objects for keeping at home.

The dog has no desire for obsession and begging, it does not bark.

Representatives of the family are neat and clean. They are good and faithful companions for people who love outdoor games, sports, and interesting pastime.

An animal can become completely inconspicuous in an apartment, if in a day it runs fifty kilometers and jumps over dozens of imaginary (or real) obstacles.

To do this, you need to take a walk twice a day - at least for an hour.

Dog care

Care for Huskies at first is not easy. Freedom, curiosity and a lively mind make a puppy a problem dweller: it is cramped both in the house and in the apartment.

Acumen and observation combined in it with flexibility, jumping ability, the ability to climb.

Being alone, he gladly makes out the sofas and pillows, studying their insides.

Natural restlessness and thirst for activity induces him to research actions: the dog will find a way to reach the most inaccessible boxes, having adapted for this purpose everything that he has enough imagination for.

Husky quickly "masters" the mechanisms of locking locks: it is believed that even the window glass can not stop the puppy if he really wants to wander.

And yet, many owners keep a dog in an apartment, without experiencing any serious inconvenience.

And in fact: the husky quickly gets used to new places, he will be comfortable in the apartment, if the owner at first does not leave him alone.

An empty, enclosed space in which it is impossible to throw out the irrepressible natural energy acts irritatingly on the nervous system of the dog.

Regular walks, during which the dog must unleash the muscles. Well, if the owner loves the bike and skis: in this case, the life values ​​of his and the puppy will match.

Pet Surprises

Important note: walking your puppy, especially in the first months, is necessary on a leash.

An independent, self-confident dog can easily go on a long journey. In this case, it is necessary to increase the duration of walks, due to a decrease in their intensity.

But you need to set a goal: to get the dog to understand that you can spend more interesting time with the owner than without him.

If the relationship "does not develop", the animal from vagrancy will not keep either the leash, or the lock in the apartment, or the aviary at the house..

Puppy content can turn into another unexpected concern for the owner: molting. Dog hair appears relatively short - and rightly so.

However, there are twice as many hairs on the Siberian Husky than on the very shaggy Saint Bernard.

There are two periods of cover change in the year - in bitches and one in males. You need to comb your pet regularly.

Basics of care, nutrition, training

The rest of the Huskies are representative of a surprisingly sociable breed.

If the dogs feel the attention of the owner, they will be happy to demonstrate a pattern of obedience when learning and executing commands.

To teach obedience to puppy orders from the age of two months. The pet can get used to the tray earlier, but the skill needs to be brought up.

To do this, firstly, to establish a hard mode of feeding.

The next step is to teach the puppy to go to the cuvette: 20 minutes after the meal, the puppy should be in the usual place next to the tray.

Training of puppies, according to experts, should be limited to obedience teams.

It is dangerous to instill the skills of fighting dogs in animals: experts say that a husky may experience a psychological breakdown, the consequences of which are unknown.

In any case, do not deprive the friend of a good friend of good nature is not worth it.

The basis of the Husky diet is protein: the share of meat in the diet should be at least 60%.

Sea welded fish, vegetables, cereals supplement the list of necessary products.

Occasionally it is necessary to include eggs, dairy products in the menu. Small puppies are fed 5-6 times a day.

After a three-month birthday, the frequency is reduced to 3 times, and from the age of six months to 2. Since the year, the animal is transferred to a one-time mode..

From about the same age, husky become obedient inhabitants of human dwellings.

Animals are mastered with their assigned behavioral role in the pack hierarchy and occupy their rightful place in an apartment or private house.

Photo Gallery

Let's look at the photos of these lovely and restless dogs, which are absolutely impossible to leave in the apartment alone, for a long time.

So that your dog is not bored in the apartment, he needs long and exhausting walks. Or just take the time to play, as the author of this video did.

And in this video, the author will tell you about the negative content of such an active dog at home.

Breed history

Husky is an abbreviated name for the Siberian Husky breed. It was bred by the Chukchi people in a very difficult and adverse climate. Huskies are very hardy dogs that can quickly cover significant distances and at the same time carry loads. Since the animals are small in size, the Chukchi were harnessed in teams of fifteen to seventeen individuals.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the USSR compiled a register of all breeds living in the country. Husky for some reason was not included there because of its size, as an unsuitable breed for the transportation of goods. Soon, she assimilated with other breeds and almost disappeared.

It was possible to preserve the purity of the breed only due to the fact that the Huskies were brought to the USA to take part in the annual races in Alaska. And now, these beautiful and intelligent dogs have finally gained their well-deserved popularity.

Breed description

Huskies are medium sized dogs. Males reach to the withers from 53 to 60 centimeters. Husky girl has a more modest size (up to 56 centimeters). The weight of animals does not exceed 28 kilograms.

The most common black and white and gray-white color, but the brown-white color is much less common. Very often, representatives of this breed have a white or black mask around the eyes and a double vertical strip in the area of ​​the forehead.

An adult husky is a very hardy animal with a strong and compact body. Dogs have very thick, short hair. Ears upright.

Animal character

Although huskies are accustomed to living in a harsh climate, they have a very friendly character. This is due to the fact that the Chukchi in the winter kept the dogs in their dwellings, so the animals are accustomed to dwell side by side with man. They treat outsiders with some caution, but without undue aggressiveness. Huskies are very fond of communicating with children, they get along wonderfully with other animals.

Once upon a time, in nature, the Huskies lived on their own and in the summer periods they hunted for food, so they lacked guard instincts. This moment certainly should be considered if you decide to take a puppy. In addition, the leaders of the teams made their own decisions, choosing the road. Therefore, it is necessary to understand that modern Huskies have inherited stubbornness and independence from their ancestors. Note that your dog’s opinion will not always match yours. And here only two ways are possible. Either the person should become an authority for the dog, or just not let her off the leash, so that the animal does not go wild. In any case, Huskies need to find a common language and make friends. With their friendly nature, this is not at all difficult. Significantly more effort will be required in order to teach the animal to listen to you.

Containing the Huskies in the apartment, it should be understood that they have strong hunting instincts. Therefore, there may be some difficulties. If there is already a cat in the room, then, most likely, the dog will not touch his neighbor. But as far as extraneous animals are concerned, then at the sight of a husky cat, he will certainly rush to catch up with him. With pleasure the dog hunts and chickens. Therefore, in the villages with Huskies, one must not lose vigilance.

Husky puppies

If you decide to get a dog of this breed, then you should first examine the conditions of detention. And then decide whether you can provide it with the right conditions. How to care for Huskies, we will look further.

How to choose a puppy? When choosing a baby, you need to decide on goals: it will be just a friend or you plan to participate in various exhibitions. What does it matter? Very large, because depending on the goals, the sex of the animal is chosen. Husky males are stronger and more resilient, and girls have a stronger hunting instinct.

In addition, husky puppies, like adult dogs, do not tolerate loneliness. They will miss you all day and wait for you to come. Huskies are sociable pets. However, it is better to take a puppy from a breeder who raises him at home. Such an animal will initially be adapted for living in a house or apartment and more socialized.

Choose a puppy should be no earlier than eight weeks. At this age, it is already clear what the adult animal will be. For a show puppy, all external signs must be perfect. However, do not discount that in the future some parameters may change.

Raising a dog

The remarkable characteristic of the Huskies does not exclude some difficulties in the content. You need to understand that this is a very active animal. Husky puppies love to dig holes, gnaw things. Living in an apartment, such a kid is able to inflict a lot of damage, because he is very active and needs loads, exercises, long walks. Of course, the breed does not take away the external charm, but thinking about acquiring such a dog, you should know how to care for the Huskies, in order to avoid unpleasant and unexpected surprises in the future.

A puppy should be raised regularly using educational and educational games. So you can become an authority for the dog and achieve its obedience. In no case can not punish the puppy. Otherwise, he will assume that the one who is stronger is right, and this is not true. Having matured, such animal will cease to obey you.

Husky Meals

Inexperienced owners often wonder how to feed a husky puppy. The diet can include ready-made food - canned or dry. But it is better to prefer more natural feeding. To do this, you yourself have to prepare food for the dog. With this diet, at least sixty percent of the food should include meat.

At the first feeding you can give your puppy a low-fat kefir and cottage cheese. Every week should certainly be given a quail egg along with the shell. For the second feeding, be sure to give the meat with buckwheat or rice porridge.

At dinner, you can offer the dog meat and vegetables, and the fourth limit to meat or by-products.

You can also use special food for puppies, based on tips on nutrition manufacturers. How to feed a husky puppy: food or natural food - you decide. However, not all speak positively of dry food. Still, natural food is preferable. True, it will require large expenses from the owners.

It must be remembered that when using dry food a puppy should always have a lot of water in an accessible place. Experts do not recommend sticking to a combined diet, i.e. alternating natural food and feed.

How to care for huskies?

It should be noted that this is a great home breed and a great companion. Characteristic huskies and good nature make the dog so popular among breeders. This breed is distinguished by accuracy and cleanliness. Therefore, the content of the husky does not cause much trouble. Animals do not leave slobbery streams after themselves, and skin and wool do not have an unpleasant characteristic odor. They shed twice a year, but the problem is not so pronounced. It cannot be said that the whole apartment is covered with wool ... For this breed it is not typical.

Animals do not need special care. But periodically they need to be thoroughly combed out. For these purposes, you should purchase a thick comb. But the teeth need to be cleaned daily. Every week it is necessary to check the condition of the pads and claws of the Huskies.

Apartment life

Huskies in the apartment feel comfortable. However, it should be remembered that the animal needs exercise and walks. If you can provide all this to a dog, then a city apartment will become a normal alternative for her to a private house. The animal does not require special living conditions, but the husky should have its own personal space. This may be a low or spacious sofa.

Since Huskies are riders in nature, they need heavy loads. A simple walk once a day will not be enough. Therefore, for the breeder, it is not so much the question of how to care for the Huskies that is important, as far as the question of rational upbringing and proper exercise is thought out.

Animals of this breed love to travel long distances, and there must be some kind of load behind them. Therefore, for the formation of a beautiful body of the dog will have to regularly deal with it. In the summer, you can take a dog for cycling, and in winter you can go into the forest. Often breeders negotiate and put together their husky for sledding competitions. This is an excellent leisure option for the animal.

Mental capacity

Huskies are very smart dogs. They intuitively feel and understand the meaning of so many words. Animals even understand human facial expressions. Their intelligence is enough to solve simple puzzles. With a certain preparation, the huskies can even open simple bolts on the doors. Dogs even try to manipulate a person, wanting to get praise and delicacy. Sometimes they try to hide their bad deeds. In general, animals are smart enough and have a sense of humor, you won't be bored with huskies.

Husky Features

It should be remembered that the distant ancestors of the Huskies were not only ancient dogs, but also real wolves. Therefore, freedom and large spaces are so important for this breed. Do not be deceived by the cute, blue-eyed dog. In the soul it is not a simple animal, but a real hunter.

The particular tendency of this breed to stubbornness deserves special attention. Inexperienced breeders are extremely surprised by this character trait of the animal. Meanwhile, this is understandable, if we recall the history of the Huskies. There are even situations where the dog makes mischief to the owner. Thus, she seeks to show her superiority. This behavior is typical for young individuals. But do not be afraid of this. Such nuances are solved with the help of physical exertion and training. An active lifestyle is an indispensable condition for the existence of a breed. Therefore, choosing a home friend, consider their capabilities.

Instead of an afterword

Huskies are very gentle towards their owners. Communication with people is very important to them. This breed is not suitable as a guard, but it will be a great friend who will bring only joy and warmth from communication.

Husky has a completely unusual tone of voice. They make soft and melodious sounds, this is not at all like barking. There is an opinion that their voice can even calm a crying child. If you are ready and can provide your dog with good care and proper upbringing, then you will not find a best friend. Especially since animals are great for children.

Signs of Healthy Huskies

If you decide to buy a puppy, you need to know how it should look in good condition:

  • eyes without discharge,
  • the coat is of medium length, thick and shiny,
  • black and white, gray-white or pego-white color,
  • erect ears. The inner surface of the ear is clean, without secretions or dirt,
  • white teeth and correct bite. No bad breath
  • straight and wide paws covered with thick hair
  • uniform belly,
  • pads and feet are soft and without cracks,
  • long straight tail, without bends and curvatures.

Husky Tips

Покупая собаку в Интернете, можно столкнуться с мошенниками. Чтобы не купить больную собаку или собаку смешанной породы придерживаетесь советов:

  1. Убедитесь, что щенок соответствует фото, которое размещают заводчики, что он здоровый, веселый и с документами.
  2. Цена на полноценного породистого щенка не может быть низкой. If you are offered a puppy at a low price, find out what kind of trick is waiting for you.
  3. Phoned the breeder and ask him for additional photos of the puppy in real time. It happens that the photo of a puppy hangs on the Internet for several months. Ask for a photo from all angles: face, bite, front and back view. You can ask to shoot a video to see the behavior of the puppy.
  4. Look at the anatomy, especially the bite. If the dog has an overbite, you may have problems with food and teeth, then the dog will be unsuitable for exhibitions. If the bite is bad, the dog is not suitable for breeding.
  5. Buy a dog with documents. Find out how authentic documents look. Without documents the dog is considered not purebred.
  6. The dog must be stigmatized. It can be on the ear or on the stomach. This indicates that the dog is registered. The stamp on the documents must correspond to the stamp on the dog. There may be chipped dogs. A chip is a capsule that is administered in a veterinary clinic. It contains information about the dog and the owner. Read information from the chip, you can use the equipment.

Husky signs of illness

The puppy must be very active, play, bark, react to touch and jump on its feet. Signs that the dog is sick:

  • lying in a corner and showing no signs of presence
  • does not respond to stroking,
  • watery eyes
  • bloated belly
  • from the ears and from the nose go discharge,
  • curvatures in the tail indicate displacement of the vertebrae,
  • the dog smells bad
  • bad breath,
  • discharge from the anus.

The dog should not be very thin and not very well-fed. Great weight indicates obesity. This disease is treated for a long time.

The dog’s health is confirmed by a veterinary passport. He must be in every puppy from birth. In the passport all vaccinations and manipulations with the dog are noted.

Maintenance and care of huskies

Before you buy a dog and bring it into the house, prepare an apartment.

Take away:

  • wires from reach. If the puppy often gnaws the wires, wean it can be done with a spray, which is sold in pet stores. You can smear the wires with lemon,
  • detergents and drugs so that they do not get into the stomach or mucous membranes of the puppy,
  • valuables. A puppy can nibble or swallow them,
  • shoes and clothes from accessible places
  • carpets and carpets. Husky likes to tear flooring,
  • glass jars, bottles, bags, bags and cereals in the kitchen,
  • household appliances and flower pots.

What is required for the content

  • Bowls from food stainless steel.
  • Toys - balls, cords and special bones.
  • Diapers for toilet. They will simplify getting used to the tray and will be useful for transportation.
  • Bed or sleeping mat. The dog must have its place
  • Hairbrush and a brush for combing.
  • Leather collar. Metal cut hair in the neck.
  • Leads. They must be of different lengths or one with a retainer. Huskies are a dog and you can teach them to take you on a skateboard, rollerblades or bicycle.
  • Shampoo. Wash your dog as it gets dirty, but not more often than once a month.

Care Tips

  1. Do not leave the puppy for a long time alone. Since the dog is very energetic, it will want to play with things that you forgot to remove.
  2. Do not let the puppy jump on the bed, sofa and other items. The dog must have its place.
  3. Do not feed the puppy off the table, from the bedside table and bed. She will start to consider your food as her own and will constantly beg for it.
  4. Give delicacies only for merit or good behavior.
  5. Do not beat the puppy and do not close it in punishment. Scold Huskies need during offense or immediately after it. The dog lacks the concept of time, if you punish him for offense in 10-15 minutes, he will not understand why he was punished. To punish a dog you need to verbally or poke his nose.
  6. Do not let the puppy gnaw things.
  7. It is not allowed to play with the dog with your hands. So the dog begins to take man for a toy.
  8. Do not bypass the dog, but step over it.
  9. Do not play with the dog when it asks for it. Play when you want it.

If the puppy, playing, bites, stop the habit immediately with the command "fu" or "can not." It is acceptable to lightly hit the puppy on the nose. First we say the command, then we do the action.

Training a dog is necessary after adaptation in new conditions. Train in stages. Begin the following command after full mastering of the previous one. One lesson should last no more than half an hour. Be sure to give a treat after a successful command.

Dry food

Dry feed suitable for feeding. They are convenient and contain vitamins and trace elements for the full development of the dog. When feeding puppies with dry food, soak it in meat broth. Transfer the husky to an adult diet from 8 months. If this is not done on time, the development of hip dysplasia is possible.

Introduce new feed gradually in small portions. Watch your pet's behavior and well-being after eating a new feed. If the wool, eyes, stool and behavior have not changed in a week, you can continue to give food, increasing the dose.

When feeding with dry food, there should always be water nearby.

Natural products

When feeding a puppy with natural products, consider the needs of the body at each stage of development. Nutrition Husky should be balanced.

For 1 kg of puppy weight you need:

  • 3-4 gr. proteins that are in meat, fish and dairy products,
  • 1-2 gr. fat
  • 12-15 gr. carbohydrates.

The diet of the dog should be 50-70% from meat or fish.

  • Meat thawed or boiled. Suitable lean beef, turkey, liver, kidney, chicken neck and scar.
  • A fish without bones.
  • Eggs - 1 time per week.
  • Dairy products - daily. Cottage cheese no more than 5% fat, kefir and yogurt.
  • Boiled cereals. You can add rice, buckwheat or oatmeal to meat and vegetables.
  • Vegetables - daily in small portions.
  • Greenery - chop and add to food.
  • Vegetable oil - Add once a day to food.
  • Fruits - green apples and bananas as a delicacy.

Prohibited Products

  • Sausages, wieners, sausages.
  • Flour products - pasta, buns, bread.
  • Fat, raw meat and minced meat.
  • Tubular and small bones, as well as chicken skin.
  • Gas-generating products - beans, pears, cabbage, grapes and raisins.
  • Milk and sour cream.
  • Raw cereals, as well as wheat, pearl barley and corn.
  • Alcohol and water with gas.
  • Cocoa and caffeine.
  • Sweets and honey.
  • Salt and seasonings.
  • Crude liver.
  • River fish.
  • Citrus.
  • Onion and garlic.
  • Mushrooms
  • Potato.
  • Nuts
  • Cat's food.
  • Baby food.
  • Blue cheese.

Prohibited items for Huskies

  1. Electrical cables and wires.
  2. Sharp cutting objects.
  3. Small toys or items that a dog may swallow.
  4. Warm clothing.
  5. Frequent bathing.
  6. Items that produce harsh sounds: firecrackers, firecrackers and fireworks.
  7. Strong odors: bleach, acetone, vinegar and nail polish.
  8. Houseplants.

The first signs that the puppy is sick are sad eyes, bad mood and loss of appetite. With proper care, the pet will delight you with a cheerful disposition for many years.

Optimum conditions of detention

Lack of free space and physical activity, as well as poor diet and genetic predisposition, can significantly reduce the life expectancy of a pet.

On average, the Siberian Husky lives for about fifteen years, but in order for the animal to maintain excellent health throughout this time, it is imperative that it provide full-fledged walking and feeding, education and training.

Walking Siberian Husky

The owner of the Husk should always adhere to the basic rule - never leave his untrained pet for a walk without a leash and supervision in any unencrypted territory. When choosing a type of activity for a walk you need to take into account the temperament and physical abilities of the dog. Very suitable for practicing during winter walks, dog sledding and skijoring, which also applies to riding sports, but involves the use of skis. You can also engage in weight pulling - distance dragging competitions on the distance, walking and cycling, agility.

Important! As practice shows, the Siberian Husky is absolutely not a water dog, therefore any classes with such a pet in a natural and artificial reservoir will initially be doomed to failure.

When choosing a type of motor activity in the process of walking you need to remember some pedigree features that any Siberian husky has. Before the year, all the joints, ligaments and bones of such a pet are not fully formed, and therefore are easily damaged. Small puppies should not be allowed to run independently on steep stairs, due to the risk of rupture of the inguinal and shoulder muscles. Long-distance running with pets younger than three months is strictly contraindicated. Running in a no-load harness team can begin at the age of nine months.

Diet and nutrition dogs

When self-drafting the ration you need to correctly determine the main type of food and take into account all the features of metabolic processes. For feeding such dogs, you can use ready-made industrial dry food or natural food. Siberian Husky has a digestive system that perfectly assimilates fatty and high-protein meats, which is caused by protein-fat metabolism, which is not typical for other dog breeds.

Read the details in our article: How to feed the Huskies

When choosing ready-made feeds, preference should be given to quality mixtures produced under proven brands and intended for medium-sized dog breeds. Such feeds are fully balanced in their composition as well as optimal in nutritional value. It is advisable to feed a puppy and a young dog up to one year old with dry granules soaked in water or meat broth.. To feed for an adult dog, husky is translated from the age of ten months.

The basis of the natural diet should be 75% represented by meat products, including beef, veal, lamb, rabbit and poultry. Such products are given to a pet with raw but scalded boiling water, as well as boiled, cut into small portions. Also benefit from offal and boiled sea lean fish, boned. It is important to remember that the Siberian Husky does not have chewing teeth, therefore ground beef can not be fed to dogs of this breed.

The natural diet must necessarily include vegetables, represented by carrots, spinach, beets, lettuce, pumpkin and zucchini, cucumbers. Vegetables should be given grated, raw or fresh, seasoned with vegetable oil. Of the cereals, oatmeal, buckwheat and rice cooked in meat, vegetable or fish broth are best. About 10% of the diet should be dairy non-fat milk products.

Upbringing and training

Husky training is the basis for the smooth maintenance of such a breed at home. Siberian Khakis by nature is a very energetic and active pet, who from a very early age needs not only proper training and education, but also respect for discipline. Otherwise, there is a risk of getting completely unmanaged and completely disobeying the commands of the owner of the dog.

It is interesting! As practice shows, the process of training for inexperienced and novice Husky owners is particularly difficult, so it is advisable to entrust such events to experienced dog experts.

The breed has a different character, which can significantly complicate the educational process. It is believed that the Siberian Husky is difficult enough to train because of a very independent temper, as well as intelligence and proximity to wild wolves at the genetic level.

It is very important to start raising and training your pet as early as possible, immediately after the puppy has passed the period of adaptation to the new conditions of detention. Basic teams that are required for training: "Place!", "No!", "Next!", "Come to me!", "Sit!", "Lie down!" And "Voice!".

Care and hygiene

A dog from an early age must necessarily be accustomed to conducting an inspection, as well as to such basic procedures as bathing, grooming and combing. Any Siberian Husky has a very thick and rather hard coat, so an annual moult, when kept in a residential environment, can, with improper care, quickly turn the entire room into a solid "fur mat." Pet is required to regularly comb a special comb with wide teeth, as well as a massage brush or a brush with long bristles.

Siberian Husky is a very clean and absolutely self-sufficient breed, therefore, as a rule, there are no problems with care. It is important to remember that between the Husky's fingers there is a rather long and thick coat, which is designed to protect the paws from freezing in conditions of very cold weather.

However, apartment maintenance implies the obligatory shearing of this wool. It is also necessary to regularly clean the teeth or to buy special chewing bones, to inspect and clean the ears and eyes, to cut the claws.

Husky attitude to children

The Siberian Husky is one of the few breeds of dogs that are popular with domestic breeders, which is characterized by the absence of aggression towards humans at the genetic level. This feature applies to Huskies, regardless of age, so the owner can be completely calm about life and health, both guests and all his household, including even very young children.

Important! Siberian Husky is able to get along well with people, and will become not only an excellent companion for games of older children, but also a very loyal and faithful nanny who cares for babies.

The only problem with home maintenance in families with children can be quite large adult dog sizes and its increased activity.. If such a pet did not receive a decent upbringing and did not complete a general training course, then it is quite possible that in the course of the games the dog accidentally knocks the baby down. It is for this reason that experts and experienced owners of Huskies recommend that, at first, it is imperative to monitor the process of communication of a pet with a small child.