Today, more and more owners of subsidiary farms and farmers are thinking about acquiring or are already breeding geese. This poultry is gluttonous, but unpretentious in food, and if there is a good walking distance and at least a small body of water, then the cost of growing it is minimal. Large gray geese are one of the breeds of the meat industry, quite popular and widespread in our country. This article will tell you about the peculiarities of such birds, how to contain them and how to feed them.
The large gray geese of this type were obtained, as mentioned above, from the crossing of the Roman geese with the goose beaks of the Toulouse breed, which has been carried out for three years. The first, second and third generation of geese received from such parents were again crossed with the goose beaks of the Toulouse breed, and then, as the poultry breeders say, they bred hybrids “in themselves”. Borkovsky youngsters were kept on pasture, where they were fed. Concentrated industrial feed was introduced into the diet only as additives. The breed of geese is a large gray Borkov type, characterized by egg production, rising up to the fifth year of life.
Steppe Tambov Goose
In the process of breeding this intra-pedigree type, Toulouse husks intersected with the geese of the Romanesque breed once, and the resulting hybrids were crossed "in themselves." In order to obtain a breed suitable for breeding in conditions of steppe and low-water areas, young gray geese, thus obtained, were grown on large pastures in the complete absence of water bodies. In the process of breeding, the most productive individuals were selected and selected, which made it possible to obtain a steppe Tambov type of gray large geese.
Large gray geese are mobile and strong, capable of overcoming significant distances during grazing. The body of the representatives of this breed is wide, with prominent and deep pectoral muscles. Well-developed powerful wings pressed to the body, and their legs are orange, strong. The big gray goose has a well-defined belly with a double fat fold. The thick neck of medium length is topped with a relatively small, but massive head with orange “rings” around the eyes and the same color with its beak, the tip of which is pink. The plumage of this breed is gray, darker on the back, upper neck and head, lighter on the chest. The belly, the lower part of the body and the tips of the tail feathers are painted white. On wings and a back accurate "scaly" drawing is visible.
Large gray goose: description
Representatives of this breed are hardy and undemanding to food and the presence of ponds. Poultry farmers celebrate the excellent parental qualities shown when incubating and raising young stock.
Birds of this breed are usually referred to the moderate type of geese. The live weight of geese varies in the range of 5.9–6.5 kg, and in gander - 6-7 kg. The maximum results of 9.5 and 9.1 kg in goose and goose, respectively, are achieved with the additional introduction of concentrated feed into the diet. Large gray geese bring two egg-laying about 60 eggs per season, the average weight of which reaches 190 g.
How to contain them?
The house for gray large geese can be both wooden and adobe. Important conditions are the floor raised to 20–30 cm from the ground, as well as the absence of drafts and humidity inside the room. These birds normally tolerate cold if they have peat or straw bedding in winter and sandy or sawdust in summer. Damp litter is dangerous, as it pollutes the plumage, thereby reducing its heat-conducting characteristics. Goose Kuban gray, as well as representatives of any other breed with dirty feathers, eats a lot, but quickly loses strength, gets tired and easily catches cold. To dry deep bedding, experts recommend weekly treatment with superphosphate at the rate of 200 g per each 1 m 2 of floor surface. Thus, it is possible not only to create conditions comfortable for the birds, but also to prevent the release of ammonia and to get good fertilizer by spring.
Menu for the bird
It has already been mentioned above that the domestic gray goose is rather picky in food, but the feeding characteristics of this breed depend on the season and on the purpose of raising poultry. In spring and summer, if there is such an opportunity, it is necessary to release geese on pasture. For this purpose, both the grounds specially planted with fodder crops and the fodder lands created by nature, for example, flood meadows, will work well. A good additive to the main feed can be a variety of root crops, as well as cake or bran, obtained in the process of processing plant materials. In winter, cereal mixtures are introduced into the diet of gray geese and be sure to add vitamins. At any time of the year in the house should be separate feeders with gravel or chalk.
When industrial breeding, geese are fed with full-feed dry feed, but in private households and farms, a combined bird feeding scheme is usually practiced when both succulent and cereal feeds are present in the diet. Goose can be given both crushed and whole grains, and any succulent feed, regardless of whether they are part of any mixture, or given independently, should be finely cut.
Preparing for the cold
In the event that large gray geese will be kept in winter, it is important to prepare both feed and litter for future use. Until the spring of one adult, about 15 kg of hay will suffice, preferably clover or alfalfa, as well as about 35 kg of various root crops, most of which are carrots. In addition, in the summer you need to prepare and the so-called branch feed from aspen, alder or birch. In winter, the leaves are crushed and added to wet food, and the branches are steamed and hung at a small height in the room where the birds are kept. Many owners harvest and dry in summer aquatic vegetation, which is added to the feed as grass meal. Also, for each adult goose, which will be contained in the winter period, you need to prepare about 40 kg of litter material.
Gray goose breeds are excellent hens and under optimal conditions created, as well as full feeding, they can sit and lift up to 15 goslings. It is important that during the incubation, which lasts about a month, the goose-hens do not see each other. This will help avoid confusion with nests and fights between birds. Into the diet of the goose that incubates the eggs, it is imperative to introduce a backward, cottage cheese, or yogurt, so that the bird does not peck its own clutch. The goslings hatched at the large gray breeds nest are under its supervision and do not need special care from the person.
When growing young gray geese, it is important to organize their food. In the first days after the birth, the chicks are given a very fine mixture consisting of crushed maize or wheat and cottage cheese or boiled and chopped eggs. A small amount of soybean or sunflower meal is mixed into it. By the beginning of the first week, gooses can be given cakes and various root crops in the form of wet and crumbly mash, not clogging the nasal openings. The first two months are the time of the most intensive growth of chicks, and to add one kilogram of weight you need to feed about 7–9 kg of wet and 2.5 kg of grain feed. The young of the large gray breed fatten up fairly quickly, and by the age of 9 weeks their live weight reaches 4.5 kg. In addition, the goslings of this breed can be fattened to obtain a fatty liver, the weight of which can reach 300-450 g. If you plan to use birds for meat, then it is recommended to keep the birds without a paddock, fattening with fodder concentrates enriched with various greens.
Subsequent maintenance is advisable only if it is planned to create a goose family. This is due to the fact that at a later age there is a change in the feathers to a rougher one, from which “hemp” remains on the carcass, the rate of weight gain decreases, and also the formation of fat deposits begins.
Advantages and disadvantages
Poultry farmers note the following positive aspects of breeding domestic gray geese:
- quick weight gain - by 9 weeks to 4.5 kg,
- good, up to 60 pieces per season, egg production,
- the ability to fatten the birds to obtain a fatty liver,
- developed parental instinct of geese, thanks to which they perfectly fulfill the functions of hens,
- perhaps both pasture and driven content,
- do not require the availability of the reservoir.
Of course, there are breeds of domestic geese, for example, Italian, with more high-quality meat, and for getting liver - Toulouse. However, all of them require the creation of special conditions of detention and feed regime, at the same time, gray large geese are unpretentious in food.
Of the deficiencies in most cases is called quite low, about 60%, the survival rate of goslings.
Wild gray goose
The gray wild goose is not a “client” of the Red Book, its numbers are large and hunting is allowed. This migratory species is common in Central and Northern Europe, the nesting sites of these birds are found throughout the temperate climate zone of Asia, up to the Far East and Bashkiria. Most often you can meet birds in the delta of the Dniester and the Danube. It looks like a goose bean goose with a black or gray beak in gray, but this species is completely different.
Gray geese are easy to catch, and before they were caught and raised at home. Unfortunately, even the little goslings who grew up in the farmstead did not lose their imprinting: in the fall they fly to the south, although they often return in spring. To prevent this from happening, they need to trim their wings.
In nature, the gray goose lives near a reservoir with stagnant water, in swamps, in dense reed beds. Representatives of the breed live in small families, by the autumn they gather in flocks. Fly high, know how to dive well, quite hardy. Geese are able to defend themselves from enemies, repulse small predators, they can even attack a dog. Birds feed on grasses, grass, berries, sometimes aquatic plants, snails, worms and insects become their food.
The breeding season begins in the spring when the migration is completed. Wild gray geese form stable pairs, they are looking for new partners only after the death of the old ones. The geese hatch 6-8 eggs for a month, in good conditions - 2-3 more. At this time, the gander provide them with food, protect the territory from enemies and aliens. Nestlings hatch covered with wet fluff. About a day dry under the mother's belly, then the parents take them for a walk. Feathers and learn to fly goslings in late August.
The most difficult period for wild gray geese is June and July. At this time, they molt and are not able to fly. Adults with their offspring hide in secluded places. Approximately from the middle of September the departure of birds begins. If their habitats are north or tundra, they go to warm countries early, at the very beginning of autumn. In the southern regions, geese can stay until the end of October and even until November. You can see what a wild gray goose looks like in the photo and video.
Description of the large gray goose breed
Goose gray large began displayed in the 30s of the last century. At first, the Kharkov breeders from the National Poultry Institute in the village of Borki were engaged in the breed. During the war, the institute was evacuated to the Tambov region. There selection continued. As a result, two species of geese were obtained: the Ukrainian steppe or Borkov and Tambov. The steppe line is more suitable for growing in a warm climate, and Tambov - in a cold one.
In order to improve the gray geese, and the breed was bred, the Ukrainian romenian geese and the Toulouse hussars intersected, then their offspring were steamed together. The result was a breed with good fatty meat and a large liver, quick weight gain. Here is a description and description of a gray goose, sometimes also called a cardinal or a giant:
- The head is large, the beak is orange with a pink spot on the tip, it forms a wide plate.
- The neck is plump, of medium length.
- Breast volume.
- The body is wide, the back is elongated.
- On a tummy the double fold is visible.
- Hocks are orange, set wide.
- Feathers are gray with white tips, slightly darker on the back, the back of the head and neck, the abdomen and lower body are white.
The large gray goose in the photo and video is very similar to its wild ancestor. Food characteristics of this breed are average. Such birds are not as fast gaining weight as Italian geese. Toulouse, Hungarian and Landa birds have better liver, and Kuban birds have higher egg production. But in speed of growth Mirgorod city geese are inferior to gray.
What is the productivity of large gray rock? Here are the main indicators:
- The weight of the geese is 6-7 kg, the gander is 7-9.5 kg.
- The weight of chicks at the age of 9 weeks - 4.5-5 kg.
- Liver mass at slaughter - 350-450 g.
- Egg production - 35-45 pieces per year, under very good conditions - up to 60 pieces.
- The egg weighs 160-170 g.
If we take into account that large gray geese are not a capricious breed at all, it is profitable to grow them. Most often, large gray geese go on growing for meat in small farms or in rural farmsteads, where they get good reviews. For industrial breeding and big business, more productive breeds are used with other names.
Gray domestic geese are unpretentious in content, but it must be correct. They can be grown without a reservoir, you just need to have a spacious meadow near the house. Avian build ordinary, without heating and ventilation. It is desirable that one side of the house looks to the south. Ventilate the room by simple ventilation through the window. It is important to ensure that there are no drafts in the shed.
The area of the house is calculated so that one square per one square meter. m. How to build a house, you can learn from the drawings with photos.
The floor must be raised above the ground by 15-30 cm so that there is no damp in the room. The gray goose is prone to inflammatory lesions of the joints on the paws; keeping it where it is damp provokes colds.
They line the floor with straw or peat. You can add to the litter superphosphate, which absorbs ammonia, then goose droppings are good to use as fertilizer in the garden. The consumption rate of superphosphate - 200 g per 1 square. m floor per week. One adult goose will need 35 kg of straw or peat per litter per year; for two-month-old goslings, 7 kg per head.
In the house you can equip small perches. Nests for females are constructed in such a way that the geese do not see each other when they hatch eggs. Be sure to put in a shed drinkers and feeders. Grain, wet mash and hay are given in different containers. Cleaning and care of the house should be done 3-4 times a month or as far as pollution is concerned. In the summer, it can be cleaned less frequently, since geese spend most of their time outside.
Domestic geese Tambov and gray Ukrainian in the spring and summer can be on the free pasture. Grain feed, roots, kitchen cleaning, cake, bran, they are given as additional food. In winter, feed consumption is higher, as there is no access to green grass. In the cold season, the basis of the ration for geese is grain crops, mixed fodder, meal, or cake, silage, hay, and root crops. You can give the geese ready feed such composition:
- corn grains - 65 g,
- wheat - 50 g,
- barley grain - 80 g,
- oats - 13 g,
- peas - 10 g,
- wheat bran - 20 g,
- sunflower meal - 10 g,
- fodder yeast - 6 g,
- meat and bone meal and fish meal - 10 g,
- grass meal - 16 g,
- phosphate without fluoride - 2.6 g,
- crushed shells - 9 g,
- ordinary salt - 2.5 g
The daily amount of feed for young animals 1-1.5 months is 220-320 g per day, for adult birds - about 400 g. In winter, geese are given premix, vitamin complexes, mineral supplements. Doses increase them from the end of January, so that by the beginning of the breeding season, the body of females and males will be saturated with useful substances. This increases egg production and fertilization of eggs.
Cultivation of gray geese
Breed large gray geese for breeding is not the most profitable. Females rush a little, not all eggs are fertilized, which is why hatchability of chicks is rather low: 55-60%. At the same time the geese are good mothers: they sit perfectly on the nest, the goslings are always well-groomed. Interesting facts relate to the fecundity of gray geese. Unlike other breeds, their egg production increases by 5 years. This affects how many breeding birds are kept. Life expectancy at home females is 5-6 years, and males - 7-8 years.
Tribal mother families are created from 4-5 females and one male. It is necessary to carefully monitor whether the geese are not deprived of attention. Если парией оказывается одна, ее пересаживают в другую семью или отправляют на забой. Когда самец плохо кроет всех самок, его удаляют из семьи и приводят нового. Откладывать яйца гусыни начинают в конце февраля или начале марта. Гусаки активны до начала июля. Самый большой процент оплодотворения яиц — в апреле и мае.
Самка несет 1 яйцо в 2 дня. Их можно собирать и хранить в прохладном месте при температуре 3-10°С, переворачивая раз в день. When the goose begins to look for a secluded place for the nest, he carries straw and branches there, taps down the fluff from the breast, it is possible to lay eggs under it. Young females are tested for 2-3 days by placing unfertilized material. If the goose is sitting on the nest, you can lay the rest of the eggs. Gray geese at home are able to sit up to 15 chicks.
During the incubation it is necessary to provide the female peace and quiet. Geese should not see each other, otherwise they will arrange fights among themselves. If we talk about what kind of food the hen needs, then feeding includes food of animal origin (converse, curds, sour milk, snails). If the female lacks protein, she begins to peck out hatching eggs.
Goslings hatch in about 28-30 days. On the first day, they dry up under the mother, then go for a walk. The first hatched chicks are taken away, given to the mother after all are born.
Growing Little Goslings
Gray goslings can be bought ready-made or put in an incubator. Then you have to grow them yourself. Daily chicks are placed in a box, provide a temperature of 26-28 ° C and round-the-clock lighting. Daily temperature is reduced by 0.5 °, and the light is removed in the evening for 40-50 minutes, until the duration of the day for goslings reaches 17 hours.
Feeding the young at first spend every 2-3 hours. They give boiled corn, oatmeal, barley porridge, mixed with egg, curd, sour milk. From the second or third day add chopped nettle, then meadow grass, quinoa, clover. From the third day chicks are released from the box to walk in the room, and from the 8th goslings can go out into the yard. The frequency of feeding is reduced to 3-4 times per day. Breed of domestic geese of large gray ones is resistant to many diseases, therefore the majority of chicks survive, the percentage of mortality is low.
When feeding young stock for meat, it is kept in pens. After 9-10 weeks, they already weigh 4.5-5 kg. The cost of feed at this time is about 2-2.5 kg of grain and 6-9 kg of succulent feed. Geese are sent to slaughter at the age of 70 days. If this is not done, birds will have to be raised until the age of 120-140 days, since after 2.5 months a molt occurs, gray geese lose weight, the carcass and liver become less fat.
History of the origin of the breed
The breed of geese is large gray according to the modern classification refers to the meatosal direction. Cross is quite young - he was bred in the second half of the 20th century. Experiments with the crossing of the Romenian and Toulouse geese in the 1930s laid the foundation for the birth. Mixing was carried out by the Research Institute of Aviculture Ukraine.
With the beginning of the Second World War, the first breeding tribe called “Borkovskoe” was given to the Tambov state farm “Arzhenka” There the work with the crossing continued. Part of the first generation of geese continued to be reduced to Toulouse goose for the growth of body weight and fertility. The second and third generation called Tambov steppe.
Borkov geese maintained concentrated feed. At the same time, Tambov generations were kept on pasture feeding to increase their survival far from water bodies. As a result, Borkov geese tend to increase egg production to 5 years of age, and Tambov geese - to only three years.
All generations are called large sulfur breed. Ecotypes are still isolated, but often confused without expert judgment.
Specifications and description, photos
The description of the breed of large gray geese is spelled out by standards. Characteristic appearance indicates that individuals have a strong broad body, a small head on a thick neck of medium length, orange beak and legs.
Temper obstinate. Touchy and vindictive if they are hurt and in great discomfort. Well protected from danger, able to raise the entire flock in the event of a threat. Lead a herd hierarchical way of life, so they can be attached to the owner as the leader. Sociable as sounds and gestures. In a relaxed atmosphere, peaceful, easily manageable.
The average weight of a male is 6-9.5 kg, and the females from 6.5 kg. Geese are more squat and fragile torso, short cries (the call of the goose is more extended).
Gray Geese productivity
Egg production - from 30 to 40 pieces per season. The weight of one egg is about 160-180 g. It is believed that with good care, the number of eggs from one goose can grow to 60. The viability of each clutch is about 70-75%.
Gray large geese have a high potential for increasing fatty liver.
The offspring is well cross breeding with Kuban, Rhine, Chinese and Pereyaslav breeds. For these purposes, use selected goose packs.
The output of meat at slaughter is 5-7 kg. They have a high potential for increasing fatty liver (350-450 g).
The advantages of large gray rock
Gray Geese have a positive reputation for the following factors:
- high-speed biomass buildup,
- decent parental qualities in chicks and the ability for the guarding function of poultry in ganders,
- suitable for keeping on pastures, do not require the obligatory presence of a reservoir,
- unpretentiousness to food
- good disease and weather resistance.
The main disadvantage of cross-country is the tendency to “bully” offenders and shout loudly.
The advantage of a large gray rock - good resistance to disease.
The ratio of the pros and cons of the breed is obvious. When creating the right conditions, deficiencies are easily corrected and practically do not appear.
Conditions of keeping gray geese
For keeping large gray geese need a dry room without drafts. The floor should be raised from the ground by 20-30 cm in order to avoid excess moisture. The coating can be mud or wooden, under the bedding fit straw or a mixture of peat with sawdust and sand. Excess moisture is dangerous for birds, as it smears and clogs feathers, reducing the ability of self-heating.
In winter, the addition of superphosphate to straw (200 g per 1 sq. M) contributes to warming. This method not only maintains dryness and prevents the release of ammonia, but also allows you to get valuable fertilizer in the spring. All types of litter are prepared in advance at the rate of 40 kg per 1 adult, 7 kg per young..
When releasing gray geese for free grazing, do not worry that the flock will be lost or run away. These birds have a unique ability to stay close to home and calmly find their way back.
Large gray geese are kept in warm and dry areas.
In the house should also be nesting places of straw and wooden or cardboard sides, feeders and drinking bowls in the form of long, not too high troughs.
Important. Geese can not be released on the dirty water with stagnant water. Also, you can not leave the birds under the open rays in the midday heat. Violation of these rules threatens with intestinal diseases and heatstroke.
If walking is not performed, periodically in spring and summer, an improvised swimming pool should be placed in the house.
The diet of large gray geese is determined by the season and the purpose of cultivation.
In the summer and spring it is rational to let out birds on pastures for natural feeding. In a day, one individual eats about 2 kg of grass, so water meadows are very profitable. In the evening, cake, bran, chopped root vegetables, fish dust, some legumes or cereals are offered as a feed.
In the summer, geese are released on pastures, and in winter they produce boiled roots, fish, and bran.
If cultivation for meat is conducted or fattening of the liver is carried out, granulated feed is issued, and fat is added.
In autumn and winter they give dry branch and grass fodder, boiled root crops, add soaked bran, legumes and cereals (millet, oats, barley, peas, corn), crushed fish, vitamin mixes. Be sure to give chalk and gravel in separate tanks.
Drinking water should be abundant year-round. Leash (dry or fresh), meat and bone meal, salt and yeast sprinkling will be good additions in all seasons.
In the morning hours recommended feeding juicy. In the evening, cereals are preferred.
Breeding gray breed geese
The gray breed divorces without problems, because such geese are excellent hens. With good nutrition and good conditions of detention, one individual can sit and raise a brood of up to 15 heads. Hatching lasts about a month.
For broods it is important to follow a number of rules:
Goose of gray large breed independently cope with brood.
- Nests should be with high walls, so that females do not see each other, do not create confusion because of eggs. They are fed alternately for feeding.
- It is necessary to increase the daylight hours to 14 hours from March to April and at this time maintain a temperature of 12-16 degrees in the house.
- The diet of the hen should include cottage cheese, yogurt, soy, calcium supplements. Otherwise, the deficiency of minerals will lead to stagnation of the legs and will force the female to peck at the eggshell.
- Around the goose should not be too much noise and fuss.
- The female lays eggs every two days. To brood appeared at the same time, eggs are harvested for 7-10 days in a cool place and then returned under the goose "heap" or put in an incubator for 30 days.
- Also, one should not interfere in the upbringing of hatched young animals, so as not to introduce the "mother" in a state of stress. Geese cope with the brood independently and do not need the persistent help of a person.
As for the huss, in the period of preparation for fertilization (the end of winter is early spring), they are also recommended to increase the amount of protein, but in more modest quantities. Males are excellent defenders of their brood.
Important. For breeding is required to observe the ratio of the heads of females and males. Goose often has a monogamous life in a pair. In households, there are 2-3 geese per 1 gander. A large number of geese will cause many of them to remain unfertilized.
Sexual maturity in gray geese occurs at 7-11 months. With intensive growth, maturation sometimes occurs at the age of six months. Fertility peaks to 3-4 years, then declines.
Gray geese become sexually mature only in 7-11 months.
Reviews from owners
Natalia. Beautiful birds. Long thought on what geese stop, chose gray. Not lost. Keep interesting and profitable for meat.
Eugene. Growing gray is not the first year. Proved themselves "on 5" - they grow rapidly, they do not create problems.
Svetlana. While we were small, I nagged with them as with children. Now they are running around me. Very hardy. If emotions are tempered, it is ridiculous to get up on the wing. Can persistently stand near the street table on the site and demand food, pulling the sleeves and legs. Like dogs on affection for the owner.
How to keep and how to feed
The breed is quite unpretentious and easy to keep. Large gray geese are not as much in need of water as linda ones, but they are very fond of open spaces. Perfectly adapted to life on vast pastures. When wintering in the barn they are provided with dry litter (straw, peat, sawdust), high humidity provokes colds.
Absolutely not demanding to feed. They are excellent foragers. After harvesting the grain can be grazed on the harvested fields, where they eat the fallen grain. Feed for geese can be grain, feed, root and tuber crops. In winter and spring, it is recommended to provide vitamins and mineral supplements.
The breed is famous for good health as an adult livestock, and young.
Breeding gray giants
Klyuviki a week dark
By the end of the season, geese become good chicks.
Not the most productive layers. So, on average, 35-40 pieces of eggs with an average weight of 175 g.
Fertility is about 80% and decreases by the end of the egg-laying. The yield of young stock is 55-60%.
Due to the nature of fertilization, the eggs of the first cycle of egg-laying, usually February, are laid in an incubator, and from the second cycle geese are left to hatch. So it turns out the maximum output of goslings from each bird.
Why multiply and grow
Large gray geese are classic representatives of their species in appearance and in a complex of useful productive qualities.
The same goslings a month. Klyuviki became light.
Rapid fattening of young stock for meat in this breed has good performance. At 2 months they weigh 3.5-4 kg, and with intensive feeding up to 4.5 kg.
Full freedom in a large area. They came to drink water.
Grow well on pastures. This is an option to obtain high-quality meat with minimal feed costs. This young is profitable for sale.
With directed feeding, goslings are grown to produce a fatty liver, which can weigh up to 450 g.
Down of geese can be used in private households, for example, for tailoring pillows, or to find a buyer and get additional income.
Goose gray large appeared as a result of the crossing of such breeds as Romenskaya and Toulouse. It was bred for the purpose of obtaining eggs and meat. This bird leads a gregarious way of life, and the relations in the herd are subject to strict hierarchy. Geese communicate not only with the help of different sounds in terms of volume and frequency. With certain body movements, they signal the danger, which allows the flock to react quickly to this. Unlike the rest of the poultry (chickens, ducks), the large gray goose is able to bind to the person caring for him. They are also very touchy and vindictive, so they can get revenge at any opportunity. However, it is worth knowing that for no reason this bird does not rush to anyone. They are not as fussy as ducks and chickens, in the home yard they behave calmly, hold themselves together and do not scatter to the sides, they are easy to manage.
How to grow geese at home
Feeding large gray geese is determined by the direction of cultivation and seasonality. In spring and summer, poultry grazing on natural feeding grounds will be justified; one individual can eat about 2 kg of grass per day. As additives, you can feed the roots, oilcake and bran. The pasture method has been successfully applied at home farms, because it is low-cost. Sometimes it is practiced on large farms with appropriate pastures and water bodies. For grazing geese, it is recommended to pick not too damp pastures, because morning dew can be detrimental to goslings. It is not recommended to release geese into dirty stagnant reservoirs, it is advisable to take care of shelter from hot sunlight in the midday heat.
There is a pen drive way for keeping geese, which leads to an increase in feeding costs, because the bird does not have the possibility of free grazing. The advantage of this method is the intensity of fattening due to the caloric intake of food and the frequency of its intake, therefore the most driven content, the purpose of which is to obtain high quality carcasses, is used on specialized breeding or meat farms.
In winter, the birds are given cereal mixtures, roots, hay and silage, harvested in summer. It is advisable to add vitamins to food, the action of which is aimed at normalizing metabolism and optimizing the reproductive properties of the body of the bird. A separate essential component of the winter diet is gravel and chalk, which are poured into separate feeders. In industrial production, a dry type of feeding is used, in which the bird receives a balanced, complete feed.
Hatching eggs: features
The large gray breed of geese has proven to be an excellent incubation of eggs. When creating prosperous conditions, a goose can produce about 15 healthy chicks in one brood. The brooding period lasts about a month, and it is at this time that the females sitting on the nests should not see each other in order to avoid scuffles and confusion with the roost. Feeding the goose sitting on the eggs should be complete: the usual diet should be enriched with yogurt, skim milk and cottage cheese. Otherwise, with a lack of feed, the female can peck eggs.
The overall fecundity of geese is an order of magnitude lower than that of the rest of poultry: 30–60 eggs per year with a fertility rate of 50–80%. This means that out of ten eggs, only 5–8 chicks can hatch. Causes of low fertility of geese:
- The large size of the eggs and the scarcity caused by this factor.
- The monogamy of geese, that is, the property of living exclusively in pairs. In a household, there are usually 2-3 geese per gander. In case of violation of the numerical ratio of the sex, the gander simply will not be able to fertilize all, so some females will remain “idle”.
- Non-simultaneous maturation of females and males. The goose can start laying eggs in early spring, and the gander is not ready for mating by this time.
Large gray geese - caring parents
The large gray goose starts running after a day length of 12–14 hours, this is March-April. An important condition in this period is the temperature in the house, which should not be below 12-14 degrees. Usually, the female rushes through the day, so for simultaneous hatching of the chicks it is required to gather up the eggs, after which everything should be put under the goose or in the incubator. The shelf life of the eggs collected is no more than 7–10 days. The incubation period is 28-30 days. An excellent mother will be a hen that sits all the time on the nest, almost never getting up. Крупная серая порода гусей обладает всеми качествами заботливого родителя, поэтому материнской опеки гусятам будет вполне достаточно. Половая зрелость крупного серого гуся наступает позже, чем у остальной домашней птицы: в 7-12 месяцев, при интенсивном выращивании – в полгода. Возраст птицы также влияет на плодовитость: в 3–4 года она достигает макимума, после этого резко идет на спад.
How to grow geese at home? Hatching babies in the early days are fed with a mixture of cottage cheese or boiled hard-boiled eggs, crushed maize or wheat, mixed with soy or sunflower meal. After 4-5 days, you can gradually give the cake and root crops. Goose food should be in the form of wet mashes: it is easily digested and does not clog the nasal openings.
Young animals intended for growing for meat are recommended to be kept in a pen (without the possibility of walking) and fed with concentrates with the addition of greens. This method of maintenance will determine the achievement of a weight of 4–4.5 kg by 9–10 weeks - the moment of slaughter. Intense growth in goslings occurs in the first two months, at this time 2–2.5 kg of grain and up to 9 kg of juicy feed per 1 kg of bird weight are expended. Further poultry housing makes sense for the purpose of reproduction of the herd, because the growth rate decreases, fat deposition begins, and hemp appears on the carcass.
The large gray goose, despite its low fertility, is the fastest growing bird. It reaches a record weight in a short time, and this happens at minimal cost. That is why large gray geese, reviews of which are only positive, are successfully used by breeders for crossing with other breeds. This is done in order to obtain high-quality hybrid offspring.