Preparation of feed for laying hens at home


For some novice poultry farmers, the price of mixed feed for laying hens seems too high to use such a product on an ongoing basis. But once they try to go to a balanced feed, as doubts disappear.

Modern feed are not only easier to store and distribute, they are:

  • help to save the poultry farmer’s precious time,
  • increase bird growth
  • strengthen immunity and endurance,
  • increase egg production,
  • positively affect egg quality.

With the systematic use of feed for chickens and layers is more economical than traditional herbal and grain mixtures. This is easily explained by the fact that there is no suit of souring the feed or its infection with mold fungi. Therefore, the bird is less and less sick, grows better, gains weight and recovers faster after hatching.

Due to the fact that the composition of feed for laying hens includes almost everything necessary for life support, the owner of the farmstead does not need to worry that the bird is deficient in protein, fat, vitamins or mineral salts. The main thing, including such food in the ration of the wards, is to know the dosage precisely and skillfully adjust it depending on the age and life period of the hens.

The composition of feed for laying hens

With the traditional feeding system, chickens on farms feed on grain, receive herbal supplements, vegetables, and all sorts of fruits. When free-range, the hens can peck insects, not disdaining lizards and frogs. To track the amount of food consumed in this case is very problematic. If the bird eats poorly, it is not necessary to expect good egg production and health from it. And with an unbalanced diet or consumption of stale feed, dangerous intestinal infections are not excluded.

The compound feeds for laying hens offered today take into account all the taste and age preferences of the bird, and the mixture itself is based on the same ingredients that the bird sees and eats in nature. From cereals used soybeans, corn and wheat, barley peas. Irreplaceable components are sunflower seed cake, all kinds of mealings, vegetable oils, and mineral supplements.

The components and their concentration in the recipe for feed for laying hens are selected so that the feed covers all the body's needs for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, macro-and microelements, and most of the vitamins.

Consumption rate of feed for chickens and layers

In most cases, cereal mixtures, other dry and wet feed to the bird are set "by eye" with the expectation that in 30-40 minutes the portion will be finished. But how in such a situation to check whether all the chickens are full? Did everyone get green fodder that replenishes the body with vitamins necessary for digestion with fiber and mineral salts? Did any hen manage to eat some grain, or did she hesitate and only bran and a shell remained in the feeder?

In the case of mixed feeds, it is much easier to control and adjust consumption, since one complete product contains all the substances needed for poultry.

How much feed does a hen chicken eat? The number depends on the age and weight of the bird, as well as the period of the year. On average, an adult chicken eats about 120 grams of full-feed. If the menu includes green fodder, hay or grain, reduce the portion, watching the condition of the bird and its egg production.

It is very important not to let chickens be hungry. But no less dangerous and overfeeding compound feed for laying hens, the price of this - reducing the number of eggs and the deterioration of health of feathered pets.

The needs of the body inevitably change with age, so for chickens and laying hens feeds vary in composition. Young animals are fed several times a day, but with the beginning of the egg-laying period, chickens should be fed in the morning and evening.

What feed is better for laying hens?

Mixed feeds are crumbly and granular. The latter stimulate digestion and are intended for actively moving chickens. It is better for chickens and young animals kept without walking to produce looser mixtures.

If the hens feed only on dry food, it is extremely important to provide the bird with constant access to clean drinking water, otherwise even the highest quality and balanced composition will cause only digestive disorders and will not benefit the birds.

What kind of feed for laying hens is better? There is no unequivocal answer, since the choice largely depends on the taste of the bird, and on the subjective preferences of the poultry farmer, and on the price of the mixed feed for laying hens.

Among the varieties that are popular with poultry farmers you can find the PK-1 compound feed. This is a complete composition for layers, which includes everything to maintain the well-being of the animals, which can be seen only once looking at the composition of the feed given in the table and comparing it with another concentrated product.

It is not enough to ensure the maintenance of life in the bird, it is important to give it a proper amount of vegetable and animal proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. Therefore, in addition to grain and herbs, in the feed for laying hens include yeast, bran, chalk, meat and bone or fish meal, which is especially important for egg chickens.

To compensate for the vitamin-mineral deficiency in the use of compound feeds for hens, use premixes, which have a beneficial effect on the immune system of the chicken, its condition and egg production.

Compound feed for laying hens with own hands

If the price of feed for laying hens to a poultry farmer seems too high, or in rural areas it is not possible to regularly replenish supplies, high-quality food can be prepared at home. Here you will not have to worry about the composition and naturalness of all components, which means that the hens will receive decent food and will bring an ecologically clean, healthy egg.

The feed for laying hens that corresponds to the table below can be made with any hands in any household equipped with the simplest equipment for grinding grain and grass, drying and mixing the resulting mass.

Herbs, foliage or tops before cooking food is dried in the shade, and then carefully crushed. Also come with a grain that you want to sift, removing extraneous inclusions. Dry components are mixed after grinding. Chalk, salt and other components present in the recipe are added to them. Loose feed after that can be given to the bird, but to prepare the granules, first with a small amount of warm water, thick dough is kneaded, which is passed through an extruder and dried.

Whatever recipe for feed for laying hens the poultry farmer chooses, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the birds when switching to a new diet, and adhere to the recommended consumption rates.

Only if these conditions are observed can we expect that the feed will bring maximum benefit and show all its advantages.

In the summer, feed can be combined with the distribution of green grass, garden crop tops, melons and other succulent fodder available on the farm. Do not forget about the constant availability of clean water and gravel in the house. Their presence is mandatory for any method of feeding.

Benefits of feeding with feed

If chickens do not have access to natural food, they prefer pure cereal mixtures, but mixed feed has important advantages:

  • Efficiency,
  • Full value
  • The ability to vary the composition.

Compound feed may contain cake, seed husks and food waste, due to which it becomes much cheaper than purchased feed and clean grain.

Freely contained chickens provide the body with the necessary vitamins and minerals that are not in pure grain, due to insects, fresh grass and fine limestone. Properly formulated feed contains not only cereal carbohydrates, but also all the necessary nutrients that ensure high egg production to the hens. In addition, the use of feed allows you to select it by composition, depending on the breed of chickens, the purposes of their maintenance and the financial capabilities of the farmer.

Purchased or homemade?

Purchased factory feed balanced and contains the necessary nutrients for chickens. In the agricultural markets, you can buy different types of feed, depending on the breed of chickens, time of year and price, but the independent production of feed mixture by the farmer has a number of the following advantages:

  • Personal control over the manufacture of the mixture,
  • The possibility of individual selection of components
  • Lack of artificial chemical additives,
  • Additional savings due to partial disposal of food waste.

The last point is especially important for owners of large farms in which waste from grain processing, dairy reverse or oilcake can be a significant part of the feed prepared by the hens, forming waste-free production.

Dyestuffs and preservatives are added to the compound feed of the factory to increase the shelf life of such feeds in warehouses and to give them an attractive appearance. Most of these additives are harmful for layers, and their absence in home-made feed mixtures has a beneficial effect on egg production, but requires compliance with limited shelf life of feed.

An important advantage of homemade feed is the ability to to control its production by the farmer personally, which allows you to avoid imbalance of the mixture or falling into the mixture of secondary substances, which often occurs in the manufacture of cheap factory feed.

What should be the home feed?

The basis of any feed is the grain of cereals and legumes (whole or crushed). Most often, farmers use grains of wheat, oats, barley, maize and peas.

In addition to grain, chopped weed grass can be added to feed (in summer) or forage silage (in winter). The most important component of the fodder for laying hens in closed cages or nests is calciumwhich is necessary for the formation of eggshell. For this purpose, farmers add crushed eggshells and crushed pieces of chalk or limestone to dry mixes.

There are two main types of farm feed:

Porridge feeds are obtained by filling the finished dry mixture with warm water, milk cream or broth. Milk reverse is the remaining liquid of the milk after removing the cream and sublimating the fat part. It is recommended to alternate both types of feed.

In the manufacture of compound feed for laying hens in farms, it is important to observe a number of conditions so that the home food meets the needs of the hens. Homemade food for chickens should be:

  • Fresh
  • Nutrient Balanced
  • Safe
  • Corresponding to the age of the bird.

Young animals should be given more feed, steamed with warm water for better absorption of nutrients.

It is important to remember that the pastry feed for chickens should be consumed within one and a half hours after production, as it quickly sours.

Dry lean mixtures can be stored in a room with a humidity of 45% for no more than two weeks, and it is better to add vegetable oil to the mixture daily before feeding to avoid rancid butter.

When feeding chickens with dry feed, it is important to monitor the constant presence of fresh water in the troughs.

For proper nutrition of hens, homemade food should contain the following nutrients:

  • Proteins - from 1% 5 to 18% by weight,
  • Fat - from 1% to 10%,
  • Carbohydrates - up to 70%
  • Cellulose - up to 6%,
  • Salt - from 3 to 5 grams per 1 kg of dry feed,
  • Vitamins and minerals.

Fiber is needed for normal digestion of chickens, protein - for the formation of muscle mass and high egg production.

Sunflower meal and oil cake, as well as grain rub have high nutritional value.

Dirt is ground with the husk grain. Dirt is more useful than ordinary grain due to higher fiber content and trace elements.

Sunflower meal and oilcake are products of sunflower seed processing and contain cellulose, up to 45% of proteins and up to 10% of fats, which makes it possible to balance this mixture in terms of protein and fat composition.

An important component of feed for birds from two weeks of age is fresh chopped greens. The most useful chickens are the following types of herbs:

In the water, which steamed porridge feed, it is useful to add a decoction of yarrow to prevent diarrhea in chickens.

In feed, grown chickens need to add boiled and raw vegetables, as they contain easily digestible carbohydrates and fats, as well as fiber. It is important to remember that raw vegetables, especially carrots, should be chopped for chickens, otherwise they can easily choke.

Meat and bone meal or fish meal is produced by grinding the unhealthy bones of animals or poultry, followed by drying. Adding meat-and-bone meal to mixed feed contributes to increasing the egg production of chickens due to the high content of protein and calcium in easily digestible form.

When buying meat and bone meal, you should pay attention to its characteristics,

If the meat and bone meal is fat to the touch, this indicates its poor quality or poor drying, such flour will not be stored for a long time. A stale or putrid odor may indicate that the bones of dead animals, in which pathogens could develop, were used in its manufacture. It is impossible to add such flour to compound feed, as it can provoke a massive infection and a sea of ​​layers.

It is important to know that the color of meat and bone meal should not be yellow. The yellow color indicates the presence in the flour of a large number of feathers, which can provoke serious diseases in chickens - cannibalism and encephalopathy.

The volume of dry food eaten by adult chicken (from one month) is 70-150 grams, and in a mixture with fresh greens the weight of a daily portion can be increased to 170 grams.

Making chick feeders has its own characteristics. Step by step instructions you will find in our article.

What drugs should treat coccidiosis in chickens? In detail this question is considered here.

Feed Recipes

Homemade recipes contain components of grain, vegetables, oil cake, minerals and vitamins, mixed in various proportions in accordance with the purpose of the feed. The main part of each recipe will be a mixture of 2 or 3 types of grain, usually corn, wheat and barley.

Each age of the chicks correspond to their recipes of the feed mixture.

Food for chickens from 0 to 2 weeks

In the first days of life, chickens should be given a mushy feed and a dry mixture containing only crushed grain to a size of no more than 1-2 mm. To prepare one kilogram of compound feed for newborn chicks, the following components must be mixed sequentially:

  • Corn dert - 500 g,
  • Wheat or barley flour - 150 g,
  • Sunflower meal - 150 g,
  • Crushed barley - 80 g,
  • Whey - 120 g,
  • Edible salt 2-3 g

Before adding whey, it should be heated to a temperature of 28-35 degrees so that the feed components absorb moisture better. Instead of whey, you can use yogurt or low-fat (up to 1%) kefir.

This mixture in the diet of young chickens must be alternated with compound feeds containing boiled cereals. For cooking mush porridge follows:

  1. Boil 200 g of corn or barley crushed cereals in 600 ml of water,
  2. Cool porridge to room temperature,
  3. Add 50 g of crushed eggshell,
  4. Add 100 g of sunflower meal,
  5. Add 50 g of crushed bran,
  6. Add vitamin B at the tip of the knife.

Ready-made vitamin mixtures can be purchased on the rural market, they are used instead of greens, which can be added to the feed of chickens, starting from two weeks of age.

Food for chickens from 2 to 4 weeks

From two weeks of age, the granules of crushed grain in the compound feed need to be increased and vegetable oil, meat and bone meal and finely chopped fresh greens should be added.

For the preparation of 1 kg of feed older chickens need to take:

  • Corn kernels - 480 g,
  • Wheat Dert - 120 g,
  • Sunflower cake - 200 g,
  • Nutrient yeast - 40 g,
  • Meat and bone meal - 80 g,
  • Reverse milk evaporated - 30 g,
  • Chopped greens - 30 g,
  • Sunflower oil - 10 g
  • Salt 2-5 g

Corn kernels should be alternated with barley and wheat every two to three days to maintain a varied diet. Sunflower oil and yeast should be added to the last place, mix thoroughly and give the young.

Vitamin complexes from two weeks of age are better to be diluted in drinking water due to too rich feed composition.

The mushy feed for two-week-old chickens is prepared in the same way as for newborns, but with the addition of meat-bone or fish meal instead of eggshell. It is also useful to add chopped green plantain or wood lice to the mushy feed.

Feed for monthly chicks

Starting from one month of age, the chickens should be given feed with a high carbohydrate content by increasing the proportion of grain. It is desirable to mix whole and crushed grain in equal proportions. To prepare a kilogram of dry food you need to mix:

  • Wheat 250 g
  • Ячмень цельный 150 г,
  • Ячмень дроблёный 150 г,
  • Кукуруза дроблёная 150 г,
  • Горох колотый 100 г,
  • Соевый белок 150 г,
  • Жмых подсолнечный 50 г,
  • Мел толчёный 50 г,
  • Соль 3-5 г.

Жмых является более грубым продуктом, в отличие от шрота, и его добавляют в комбикорм с месячного возраста. Boiled vegetables and edible fish or meat waste should be added to the mushy feed for monthly chicks. For the preparation of liquid feed adult chickens need to take:

  • Whole grain wheat or barley - 700 g
  • Forage silage or straw - 400 g,
  • Rye bran 150 g,
  • Meat and bone meal - 50 g,
  • Food waste - 100 g,
  • Sunflower cake 100 g,
  • Chalk crushed - 80 g,
  • Boiled potatoes - 400 g,
  • Boiled carrots - 400 g,
  • Boiled swede - 100 g,
  • Cooking salt - 7-10 g.

After stirring, pour 200 ml of milk cream into the dry mixture and top up with warm water until a thick crumbly gruel is formed.

Formula feed for adult chickens presented on video:

So, homemade feed can provide the hens with good nutrition at low cost for components. In the manufacture of homemade feed, it is important to monitor the quality of raw materials, as well as respect the proportions and age characteristics of birds and not to forget about trace elements and vitamins.

How much is a hen a day

Birds prefer whole grains, but such a diet for laying hens will lead to obesity and a fall in egg production. Adding to the mixture of other components allows chickens to provide moderately high-calorie, nutritious food.

Requirements for combined feed for laying hens:

  • compensation of energy costs, especially during the cold season,
  • increase the body's resistance to infections,
  • egg production throughout the year
  • healthy chickens.

In the video - feed for laying hens:

Advantages of feed prepared by his own hand over industrial:

  • selection of mixture for a specific breed and age of the bird,
  • product quality control,
  • lack of preservatives and dyes,
  • use of household food waste,
  • lower price

Compound feed with their own hands is cheaper than grain and ready-mixed.

But what should be the composition of the feed for broilers and how it can be made with your own hands, it is indicated here.

The basis of feed - grain, mostly crushed. Each type of grain has its own beneficial qualities that must be considered in the preparation of food mixes. In addition, chickens have a good sense of smell: they prefer to peck on food, which emanates a delicious smell.

Grain used for feed:

Add as nutritional supplements:

  • peas,
  • cake,
  • meal,
  • raw and cooked vegetables,
  • fish or bone meal,
  • fresh cut grass or hay dust.

The composition of the mixture of protein depends on the age of the bird and ranges from 15 to 18%.

The younger the bird, the more it needs protein for growth. The amount of fiber should be at least 6%. In this case, the bird will not fatten and will not lose egg production.

For the preparation of the mash is used fuzu - a departure from the production of vegetable oil. Unlike butter, it contains 25% protein, has low energy indicators and is 2 times cheaper than vegetable oil.

You may also be interested in information on what the composition of the granulated feed for pigs should be.

The addition of fuza to the mix for adult egg-bearing breeds gives the feed greater attractiveness due to the aroma of vegetable oil and absorbs grain dust. Another impregnating component may be sour milk or skimmed milk.

The ratio between grain crops can vary, but more often wheat prevails (up to 40%), other grain ingredients vary from 6 to 20%. It is recommended to give not whole grain, but crushed, since it is better enveloped by fuz, sour.

On the video - the composition of feed for chickens:

Laying chicken should receive at least 120 g of feed per day.

In the warm season, the bird is fed in the morning and after dinner. In the autumn-winter period, 3 complementary feed is introduced, evening, in the form of whole or crushed grain. Increased carbohydrate content at night helps the bird to warm up.

But what to feed quails if there is no feed and what conditions need to be created for the content is detailed here.

DIY cooking recipes

Products prohibited for introduction into the combined feed for egg-bearing breeds of chickens:

  • green potatoes (boiled and decoction),
  • watermelon peels,
  • sweets,
  • meat waste from other chickens,
  • spoiled food waste.

The composition of the mixture will be adjusted by the experienced poultry house, observing the behavior of the bird during feeding: how willingly and completely it eats the proposed feed. It will also be interesting to learn how to make a pelletizer for animal feed yourself.

On the video - feed for chickens with their own hands:

Option 1. Preparation of feed at the rate of 30 kg of the finished product:

  1. Whole wheat grain - 12 kg (40%), 12-13 class.
  2. Oats - 5-7% or 1.5-2.1 kg.
  3. 0.3 kg of coarse sifted sand.
  4. 600 g of fuza (2%) is added to the dry mixture and mixed well.
  5. Premixes (a mixture of vitamins, microelements, amino acids, antimicrobial agents) - 1% (300g) or ½ packs.
  6. Fish meal - 2.3 kg.
  7. Peas - 1.5 kg. Crushed.
  8. Cake - not more than 15% or 4.5 kg.
  9. Sulfur (at the rate of 1 g per 5 heads of chickens).
  10. Corn - 10% or 3 kg. Crushed.
  11. Barley 2 kg. Crushed.
  12. Salt. 0.1 g per head.

But what should be the norms of feeding of laying hens of mixed fodder and how to organize the process of feeding, set out here.

  • Compound feed has in its composition 17.5% protein. Designed for young laying hens. Wheat 12-13 class has a fine, rich in protein grain, given to the bird without crushing.
  • Oats have the ability to clean the liver. It is not crushed. Large factions in the first place eats a bird that has more weight. Such food will not allow her to gain extra grams. Crushed will get hens with underweight.
  • The cake is rich in protein (36%), but it is not digested in large quantities, therefore it is not rational to add more than 15% to the mixture.
  • Sulfur is intended for plumage. During molting rate doubles.
  • Corn contains 8% protein. As a protein supplement, 10% is sufficient.
  • Sand in a portion of feed helps digestion and absorption of nutrients.

Feed mixture should be thoroughly mixed, not have lumps.

Option 2. Single dose per 10 heads:

  1. Whole grain available - 700 g.
  2. The crushed grain (dert) - 250 g
  3. Wheat bran - 100 g
  4. Cake (meal) - 100 g
  5. Boiled vegetables: potatoes (600-1000 g), carrots (200g), beets (50g).
  6. Bone meal (fish) - 100 g
  7. Kislyak or skimmed milk - 250 g
  8. Hay dust - 100 g
  9. Salt - 5 years

The basis of the feed as whole grains can be corn, barley, wheat.

  • Dirt - it is the crushed grain crops which have not been used as whole. For example: base - corn (700 g), barley corn (250 g).
  • Herbs alfalfa, clover, nettle useful as a vitamin supplement for laying hens in winter. The hay dust of these herbs or chopped hay will ensure the entry of carotene into the bird's body. In the summer, fresh supplement is 30-40 g per head.
  • In winter, in addition to high-quality feed, it is necessary that the house always has fresh air. It is obligatory to have pure water at the rate of 500 ml per chicken per day.

But whether it is possible to feed the chickens with one compound feed and what results can be achieved, set out in the article by reference.

In the video - the correct feeding of chickens in winter:

The egg production of laying hens depends on the conditions of keeping a balanced feed. Reduced productivity indicates the absence or lack of important components in the feed. Compound feed prepared by himself, differs from industrial freshness, lack of preservatives, is cheaper. Each bird species may have its own preferences for one or another type of feed, which is required to understand the poultry farmer in order to obtain stable productivity from the livestock of laying hens. In our other articles you can get acquainted with the description of the Pavlovsk breed of chickens.

Compound feed in the ration of laying hens

Compound feed - an industrial product which is used for fattening of layers not only on farms and poultry farms, but also in house conditions. The composition of the mixtures is complicated, but with the help of them they get healthy and balanced nutrition for birds.

As a rule, the composition of feed for laying hens includes substances that are very important for their health. For example, such ingredientsas soybeans, grains, sunflower meal, vitamins and vegetable fats. But it also contains protein, dietary fiber, chalk, calcium and ash. The main factor of feed is its balance, which provides a daily rate of nutrients for the body of the hens. It happens that in some feeds one or another component is taken as a basis, in such cases the food should be mixed.

Types of feed composition:

  1. Vitamin A. The composition of vitamin feed includes various trace elements and extracts from plants (vegetables, herbs, pine flour, tops).
  2. Protein. The composition of these feeds include animal fats, plant components (herbs, beans, yeast, etc.).
  3. Carbohydrate. Usually, carbohydrate feed contains cereals (oats, wheat, millet) and flour products.

Types of feed

All chicken feed is divided into three types:

  1. Dry This species is a mixed feed, which includes all the nutrients for the life of the bird. Such food can be bought in special stores or cook yourself. Mixed feed in bulk is produced. It is scattered on farms so that the hens walk and peck, so the mobility of birds is preserved. Thus, they can avoid obesity. It is because of the dry feed birds gain weight. Therefore, many do feed their own hands.
  2. Wet (mash). Basically, such feed prepared independently. Usually, the composition of the feed includes crushed cereals, grains, vegetables, flour, and bran. All components are filled with warm water, in the summer you can add fresh grass to the mash. In winter, greens are replaced by fish oil. The main point of wet food - chicken mixture should peck for the first hour.
  3. Combined. The balanced composition of such a mixture is achieved by mixing dry and wet food.

What feed to choose

When choosing feeds, it should be borne in mind that it happens in granules or in the form of a loose product. Usually, the feed is selected based on the domestic conditions of chickens. So, if the birds do not walk, then they are fed loose food. For chickenswho have territory for walking, choose granulated food.

Balanced feed

This feed for chickens consists of various components that are mixed in certain proportions, in accordance with the needs of chickens, namely:

  1. From grain crops and their bran. They provide food with the necessary level of carbohydrates and fiber. Mostly used corn, wheat, barley, oats and others.
  2. Legumes This component (cake, meal, beans) contains vegetable proteins.
  3. Supplements such as bone meal, meat, limestone, chalk, fish and others are a source of mineral elements.
  4. Feed fats, yeast and vitamin premixes.

The composition of PC 1 includes the so-called feed factor, which helps to preserve the internal forces of the hen. This mainly affects the condition of the bones and bird plumage.

The composition of PC 2 is ideal for the growth and development of young. Food speeds up the process of recycling the "yolk sac" in the body of a chicken. But also the composition helps to prepare and normalize the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, contributes to the proper growth and development of the young.

The composition of PC 3 and PC 4 helps to normalize the spacing of chickens. Usually in the feed of these brands contains a high rate of calcium and phosphate.

Each recipe of feed depends on the region and the popularity of the components. Often, manufacturers in the manufacture of feed based on the components of GOST.

Surely use the instruction (recipe), which is indicated on the packaging, at home is unlikely to work. Since the processing method is quite complicated. In industrial processing, compound feeds are exposed to elevated pressure and temperature. In this case, harmful microorganisms are destroyed, respectively, the digestibility of the mixture is improved.

Designed premix

Premix - version of feed for laying hens. Usually it is used in home feeding of chickens, mixed with food in order to provide the ration of laying hens with vitamins and microelements. The composition of this feed contributes to an increase in egg production, makes the shell durable, and also has a positive effect on the development and growth of chicks.

Usually on the package indicated table of microelements and vitamins that are part of. Standard set of components:

  • vitamins A, C, K,
  • B vitamins,
  • trace elements: manganese, copper, iron, sodium, calcium.

When feeding chickens, it should be borne in mind that any nutrients in large quantities are dangerous. For example, calcium is an essential ingredient for the strength of the shell. But if its concentration in the body of the hens is exceeded, they will begin to rush less.

Feeding rates

Compound feed for laying hens is balanced so that fully compensates for all the energetic losses of the hens. Therefore, additional food is not needed. But to limit the laying of hens at home is not worth it. Vegetables, fruits and grass - It is a natural source of microelements, vitamins and fiber, which strengthen the immune system.

Feeding PC 1 is calculated based on the average consumption - 100-130 g per hen. The frequency of feeding - 2 times a day. This takes into account the recommendations of the manufacturer of feed and the average mass of poultry in the population.

For chickens, the norms for feeding with PC 2 feed do not exist. Juveniles do not limit in the use of food. Usually the food is spread on a sheet, baking sheet or special feeders. Begin to feed from 7 grams of feed, gradually increasing further to 50 grams. The use of food PC 2 is carried out up to two months of chickens.

The use of food PC 3 and PC 4 depends on the cross or breed of layers. For example, for brown (industrial) hens, the norm is 90–100 g per bird. The norm for white laying hens is 80–90 gr. The norm for pedigree chickens is determined by their mass. Usually the minimum limit is 70 grams, the maximum is 140 grams.

How to give

To feed benefited the hens; some feeding rules must be considered. It is known that laying hens form eggs at night, so feed them in the morning and evening. It does not matter what age the bird has, as long as it receives the most balanced feed that is regularly and evenly distributed. Harmful as overeating, and malnutrition.

In the morning it is advisable to give mashanka, at night - whole grain. Thus, the hens will feel full all night. Evening meals should be alternated, since chickens do not like monotonous food.

Be sure to follow the bags for breakfast, they are given in such a volume that the birds have time to peck feed in an hour. Otherwise, the mash begins to sour and become covered with mold, which is harmful for birds. If the chickens are not finished, the remnants of food are removed.

The summer ration of chickens is richer, as it can add fresh grass. Good influence on the taste of eggs, inWatermelon peels included in the diet.

In winter, the volume of mash is reduced. During this period, they are prepared mainly in fish or meat broth.

Do not forget about the water. Especially it is required when feeding with dry food. It is necessary to change the fluid as often as possible, avoiding its contamination. For youngstersand it is advisable to use boiled water, when ordinary, clean water is suitable for watering adult chickens.