Scolopendra is an armored insect that can live in various conditions (tropical climate, desert, mountains, woodlands, caves, etc.). In favorable conditions for life, it reaches 30 centimeters in length. For this reason, many experience shock when they detect an insect in their home.
Home skolopendra does not cause any harm to people and their property, but the neighborhood with it can not be called pleasant, so you need to know what measures are being taken to combat undesirable neighborhood.
General Information about Scolopendra
Home species of scolopendra reach a length of not more than six centimeters, unlike their relatives, who prefer open terrain. It has a yellow-gray color, sometimes tinged with brown. On the back of the flattened body, which is divided into segments, there are three blue stripes.
The animal has many legs, and the first pair (in the form of ticks) serves to capture the victim, which is paralyzed with poison. Each leg is poisonous, so people get irritated after contact with a centipede. Skolopendra feeds mainly on ants, flies, cockroaches, and usually hunts at night alone.
In summer, females lay their eggs in a damp and warm place. After some time, scolopendra larvae appear and grow throughout life. Since the outer cover of the centipede consists of chitin, the growth process is accompanied by constant molting.
There are several dozen types of scolopendra, the main similarity of which is the general features of the structure and a large number of limbs. Giant skolopendra lives in South America. Due to its large size, small rodents, amphibians and birds can become its victims. The jaws of this scolopendra are poisonous, the insect with its bite can harm a person (weakness, swelling and pain).
Scutiger usually has a yellow-gray body color and long striped limbs. Its length is about 6 centimeters, it feeds on arthropods and lives in Africa, Kazakhstan, the Caucasus, in the southern part of Russia - in countries with a warm climate. She often lives in fallen leaves, but with the onset of cold weather she seeks a warm shelter.
In winter, the scolopendra skologera may end up in a person’s dwelling. It is not able to bite the skin, but its bite can be compared with aspen. Also, the scutiger does not harm the furniture and does not spoil the stocks of products, so in some areas it is considered a useful centipede that eats pests. In the photo below you can see what this kind of animal looks like.
Ringed species live in southern European countries and are about 15 centimeters long. It is a clever predator that eats arthropods and small reptiles.
Why can a centipede appear in a house or apartment?
If skolopendra appeared in a human dwelling (it does not matter - in a private house or apartment), then the conditions in it are better than in nature. The risk of centipedes in the apartment increases, if it:
- a large number of insects inhabit,
- wet and damp (main factor),
- lots of unlit space.
Is scolopendra dangerous to humans?
All skolopendry are poisonous. Besides the jaws, the limbs of the insect are also toxic. For this reason, some animals leave irritation on a person’s skin. The most dangerous western species. Insects living in Russia are much smaller and do not cause such harm to humans. Their bites are compared with bumblebees or wasps - the affected area reddens dramatically, swells and hurts for a long time. In cases where the centipede feels acute danger, it can leave red stripes on the human body.
Tropical skolopendry can be deadly. They are huge and very poisonous, so in the southern regions it is desirable to avoid meeting with them.
What to do with a bite?
If a person is bitten by a large skolopendra, the following recommendations should be followed:
- wash the bite or contact with the feet with soap, disinfect with available means (alcohol is the best option),
- apply a sterile dressing that needs to be changed every 10-12 hours,
- provide plenty of drink and rest,
- eliminate alcohol,
- consult a specialist.
Pregnant women, children, people with circulatory system diseases and those with allergies should go to a health facility immediately - in these cases, the body is most susceptible to the action of poison.
Insect control methods
To derive a centipede is simple, if you act in a complex. It is necessary not only to poison her, but also to put the house in order so that she does not return.
There are many methods of struggle. Both grandmother’s time-tested methods and modern insecticides that meet all quality standards will do. The choice of tactics depends on the owner of the house.
Get rid of the unwanted pet in the form of a millipede is quite simple. The animal is looking for the most comfortable place, so all that is needed is to deprive it of food and living conditions:
- Reduce moisture. All rooms should be regularly ventilated, ventilation and air dryers should be installed. Particular attention should be paid to places where insects are often found - baths, cellars, etc.
- Remove mold in the house.
- Check pipes, faucets and other plumbing for condensate.
- Eliminate the gap. Windows, doors, the space between the tiles in the toilet or behind the plinth are great places for a centipede. All of them need to be filled with foam or silicone.
- Clear the area near the house. The site should not be garbage heaps, dumps foliage or dirty marshy puddles.
- Breed other insects. The centipede eats insects, so you need to get rid of them first. You can use folk remedies or specially designed drugs.
The use of special preparations
There is no problem in finding insect control chemicals on the market or in the store. There are several types of such tools:
- Aerosols - designed for direct exposure to insects. The funds are designed for long-term effects on arthropods.
- Fluids for hard to reach places. They are diluted with water according to the instructions, sprayed with a spray place for skirting, cracks, etc.
- Pastes - designed for the fact that the centipede will eat poison. There is a risk that a pet or a small child may be poisoned.
It should be noted that there are not many special anti-skolpendra agents, so you can choose a product designed to combat all insects:
- Medilis Zipper - dilute with water and treat the sites of centipedes.
- Starex - designed to handle hard-to-reach places.
- Raid is an aerosol safe for the human body. The product has a pleasant smell.
- Globol Original - has the form of a paste and contains potent toxic substances.
The use of any means should be carried out in compliance with safety regulations. Protect skin from chemicals. For this purpose, protective masks and gloves are used.
People who have animals or small children in the house often resort to folk methods of dealing with centipedes. This is quite logical, because they are safer.
The first remedy is boric acid. It affects scolopendra, blocking the transmission of nerve impulses in their bodies, which causes paralysis. Used powder, which fall asleep in the ventilation, cracks and other centipede favorite places. The larger area is processed, the better. A centipede can poison itself by eating an insect that has tried boric acid.
For the next method, you need to mix the hot pepper and diatomaceous powder. The mixture is poured there, from where skolopendry enter the house - again, cracks, etc. Scolopendra should run on this drug or eat a poisoned insect.
Help specialized services
Specialized services use the following methods of struggle:
- heat treatment of rooms to reduce humidity,
- small capsules with synthetic substances that dissolve the chitinous membrane and paralyze an insect,
In most cases, a single visit to professionals is enough to get rid of pests. These are the ones who quickly eliminate the problem with centipedes, but the price of services may be unreasonably high. Whether to call them is a personal matter for everyone.
What methods of prevention exist?
Having got rid of centipedes, it is worth thinking how to save the apartment from repeated attacks. It is necessary to follow the recommendations:
- clean the area near the house (clean from leaves, compost, garbage heaps),
- outdoor toilet periodically covered with sawdust,
- regularly carry out wet cleaning in rooms
- bathroom, storage room, cellar air once a week,
- to process the gaps in the windows, walls,
- places through which scolopendra can get into the dwelling, process boric acid,
- at night to close the drain holes traffic jams,
- wood flooring mastic for parquet.
Small centipedes do more good than harm because they catch insects that spoil food or bite humans. Living with them in the same house is unpleasant, so it is better to deal with pests.
We live in Russia, in the fall we got millipedes. I do not know who considers them useful. They are terribly disgusting. We used the Globol Original paste. Scolopendra disappeared after a week of regular treatment with this remedy.
But my mom doesn’t consider them as such. She lives in a private house, she always told me that if it were not for these scolopendras, there would be no end of insects from insects! Maintains cleanliness in the house, but in the basement they live next door to us!
Peculiarities of the life of a poisonous centipede
Scolopendra bright representatives of the genus of the foot-legged centipedes. Their distinguishing feature is the modified forelimbs, the transformed maxilla. The body consists of segments, the number of which in different species ranges from 21 to 25. Each segment has its own pair of legs, ending with sharp claws. Articular antennae are organs of touch. A variety of colors draws attention to these creatures. In their paint found red, blue, orange, purple, yellow, and numerous combinations.
The variety of types and colors of skolopendra is found in hot tropical forests. Here live the largest representatives of the family - giant skolopendry. The average length of their body is 30 cm, but individuals come up to 45-50 cm. They choose prey that is equal in size to itself. But an aggressive manner to attack any danger, can provoke a human bite. Skolopendra is a long-liver among invertebrates; in captivity there are individuals that have lived up to 7 years.
Information. Scientists attribute animal aggression to poor eyesight.
Nutrition and reproduction
Scolopendra are night predators, they hide from the sun rays drying their body. Creatures live in crevices, under stones, in burrows. Dexterous animals quickly move on numerous legs, not only horizontally, but also on a vertical surface, climb to the ceiling of a cave or house. The centipedes prey on insects, small rodents, snakes and lizards.
Eating a giant scolopendra
During the breeding season, the males lay a special bag of seed - spermatophore. Females are fertilized, crawling through it. Caring mothers protect eggs from danger for several weeks by covering them with their own paws. After the appearance of offspring, the female crawls away. White soft-bodied babies grow independently, with each molt becoming more like an adult.
In order to understand the effects of a scolopendra bite well, it is worth considering the structure of its poisonous apparatus. The mandibles, with which the millipede catches prey, consist of 6 segments. The extreme one is a sharp claw, curved inward. Inside the mandibular canal passes a poisonous gland. At the tip of the claw is a hole through which the toxin is injected into the victim. It contains substances that cause severe pain, tissue numbness, swelling and inflammation. Pain sensations observed from several hours to several days.
Attention. Scolopendra poison is especially dangerous in spring and autumn.
Giant centipedes, characterized by an aggressive disposition and toxic poison, are found in the tropics and subtropics. Residents of the temperate zone should not be afraid of a collision with a 30-cm giant, able to easily kill a small snake. In Europe, there are individuals that are twice as small as the representatives of tropical species. How is scolopendra dangerous for humans? The bite of a poisonous centipede is very painful. In most cases, the dose of injected poison is small, it will not be able to kill or paralyze an adult. Children are at greater risk, their bodies have still formed a strong protective immunity. The attack of a large individual on a child can lead to serious consequences.
It looks like a leg after a bite
Attention. California skolopendra can cause painful skin changes, even without resorting to a bite. In her body there is toxic mucus, which, when in danger, comes out. Contact with it causes a strong allergic reaction.
On the territory of Russia skolopendry are found only in several regions - the Crimea, the Caucasus, the Rostov region and the Krasnodar Territory. Small centipedes of 12–14 cm dwell here. This is an annular scolopendra. She is nocturnal, in the twilight goes on the hunt for insects and small lizards. The view is not aggressive, but you should be careful during the overnight hikes. A centipede can crawl into a tent or a sleeping bag. Also be careful when collecting branches for the fire. Accidentally disturbing skolopendra get a bite, comparable to the sting of 20 bees. The effect of poison is not deadly, but extremely unpleasant and painful. Claws on numerous limbs leave red spots on the skin if an arthropod simply runs through the body.
Scolopendra in the house
Ringed skolopendra can live in the house. She is attracted by the favorable environment - warmth, the presence of damp and dark shelters, food in the form of insects. She does not eat human food, does not spoil the furniture. The positive moment of its presence is the excretion of all small invertebrates: cockroaches, spiders, flies. Such a neighborhood is safe until you accidentally step on a centipede or provoke it in another way. Protecting yourself, skolopendra bite. Residents of coastal areas where dangerous centipedes live should be careful. Do not leave the doors open, and install mosquito nets on the windows.
Attention. The appearance of a centipede provokes cats to hunt. Eating such prey is dangerous for pets, on scolopendra parasitic mites.
How to get rid of centipedes?
He will find some thrill-seekers who normally perceive the appearance in the house, albeit a small, but poisonous scolopendra. Concerns about their own health and the well-being of children make it necessary to look for an opportunity to drive her out of the house. The best solution in this case is the creation of unfavorable conditions - the complete destruction of insects and the drainage of moisture.
What to do when you bite a centipede?
If the scolopendra attack could not be avoided, then the person should be given first aid, based on the symptoms that appeared:
- burning in the bite,
- increase in body temperature to 38-39 0,
- weakness and dizziness.
Careless handling of the centipede is dangerous.
Most scolopendra attacks are found in the tropics and deserts. Attacks of local centipedes cause inflammation and tissue necrosis, renal failure, interruptions in heart function. The lymph nodes, located close to the site of the bite, are enlarged. The photo shows the effects of a scolopendra bite, the damaged hand has swelled and has increased significantly in size.
Hand swelled after bite
The described symptoms persist for up to two days. It would seem that residents of Russian cities have no reason to fear Asian and tropical centipedes, but the danger may lie in their own apartment. Numerous lovers of exotic animals get beautiful tropical centipedes, but in the process of leaving make mistakes, as a result of which they bite the owners or escape. The fugitive easily and quickly climbs the walls and hides in the ventilation system. An unexpected dangerous guest may appear in any apartment.
Council If you need to transplant a scolopendra from the terrarium, do not touch it with your bare hands, use special forceps.
What to do if bitten by skolopendra? The poison of tropical species quickly penetrates the bloodstream and spreads through the body. To reduce this process, it is recommended to apply a tourniquet above the bite site. Treat the wound with substances that neutralize the poison:
- ethyl alcohol - pour on the wound,
- alkaline solution - prepared at home from baking soda.
Immediately call a doctor if fever, clouding of thoughts, numbness of the limbs, or breathing difficulties occur.
Information. Укус вьетнамской сколопендры Scolopendra subspinipes, имеющей длину тела 20 см, оставляет ранку до 1,5 см в диаметре и 5 мм глубиной. В течение 2-х часов конечность увеличивается в два раза, последствия действия токсина схожи с ядом гадюки. Из раны долго течет кровь, особые вещества в составе яда препятствуют ее сворачиваемости.The state is accompanied by an increase in temperature to 39-40 degrees. The victim is recommended to give anti-histamine agent and sent to hospital.
One of the consequences of a centipede bite is infection. The remains of animal food, rotted on the maxillary jaws, can get into the wound. Careful treatment with a disinfectant (hydrogen peroxide, alcohol tincture) will help to avoid unpleasant complications. In the absence of special means, it is enough to wash the wound with water and soap.
What treatment can be applied at home?
After washing the affected area with water or alcohol, a sterile dressing should be applied. To reduce the pain using a compress made of ice, take an analgesic. The patient needs rest, it is desirable to drink plenty of fluids that promote the removal of toxins from the body. Do not be amiss to take medication for allergies.
You should not panic when meeting with scolopendra, a small centipede will try to hide from a person rather. Also, do not act imprudently and take it in hand. The reaction of the animal is difficult to predict, if she panics, you will surely bite. Remember that the centipede's poison is not lethal, but the bite will turn red and will hurt for several hours.
Centipede - is it scary?
The homemade or common flytrap is often set up in private houses and cottages, but you can also find it in a city apartment.
Because of its frightening appearance, high speed of movement and, sometimes, a sudden appearance, this insect often inspires terror and fear to the residents of houses and apartments. Home Scolopendra is an insect rather peaceful and not dangerous for humans.
Structure and appearance
The adult individual of the home scolopendra can reach 60 mm in length. Her body is colored yellowish-gray or brown with three reddish-purple or bluish stripes on the back. On the head are faceted eyes and long, thin mustache, which provide the scolopendra with excellent eyesight and vibration.
The torso is divided into 15 segments, each of which has one pair of legs, therefore the scolopendra is sometimes called the centipede or centipede. The front pair of legs at the head itself was transformed into claw-jaws, used by insects to capture and eat prey.
The hind legs are very long, like a mustache, because of this feature, it is sometimes difficult to determine where the insect has a beginning and where it has an end.
Domestic centipedes are predators, they are excellent hunters, they eat other domestic insects, such as spiders, cockroaches, bedbugs and flies, for which they called them flytraps. In nature, these insects actively hunt both day and night, but in the apartment for hunting they prefer the dark time of day.
Despite the fact that scolopendra is poisonous, it is not dangerous for people, its poison is very weak to cause significant harm to humans. They bite only in the case of self-defense, and human skin is too thick for them to bite through.
Even if the scolopendra manages to bite through human skin, only a slight burning sensation will be felt at the bite site and a swelling will appear, which disappears in a few hours.
Homeland of scolopendr is the Middle East, Southern Europe and North Africa, they are found in southern Russia, Kazakhstan and Moldova.
These are heat-loving insects, preferring a humid climate. In nature, the centipedes inhabit the fallen leaves under the trees, but they also prefer wet rooms in the houses - baths, basements and toilets.
The cold time of the year, even being in home spaces, skolopendry hide in secluded places and do not show much activity.
Measures to combat homemade centipedes
Many conventional methods of dealing with domestic insects are not suitable for centipedes, this is due to the peculiarities of their structure and life. Standard adhesive tapes will not hold skolopendra, it will tear off the glued paws and run away, and new ones will soon grow in their place.
Various baits do not act on them either, since they feed exclusively on live insects.
But still there are ways to get rid of these insects in the house:
- a general cleaning should be carried out on a plot near the house: remove all old leaves, grass, and climbing plants from the walls, thus skolopendra will lose its shelter, which will reduce the likelihood of its appearance in the dwelling,
- a small number of centipedes usually appears in a house or apartment, so you can simply kill or over-catch everyone, thus saving the house from their presence,
- the flycatchers usually settle in places where there is a lot of food for them, therefore, having got rid of other insects in the house, you can automatically get rid of the scolopendra, in search of food they will go to other places,
- since the centipedes are moisture-loving insects, you need to monitor the humidity in the household, tidy up and dry the basements and underground, you can create an unsuitable climate for the flycatchers, and they will go looking for more humid places,
- Scolopendra do not enter the houses through the doors, but through various cracks and cracks, so you need to carefully seal the holes in the floors and baseboards, putty the cracks along the windows and doors, close the ventilation holes with mosquito nets,
- To the use of poisons are suitable only in a pinch, when other methods of control do not help, while chemical poisonous substances for insects are used for treating the premises.
There is no urgent need to fight with scolopendry at home or on the site, these insects are not dangerous to humans and to some extent even benefit, people kill them most often because of personal hostility.
In some places, this insect is an endangered species and is listed in the Red Book.
Can a domestic flycatcher pose a danger to humans?
For some people, fly traps seem like horrible creatures that can do pretty good. Others claim that these are the most useful creatures of nature, and protect them. We will understand whether the flycatchers are dangerous, and what to do when faced with them.
The flycatcher hunts for small insects and other arthropods, and makes it very cleverly. Its diet consists of flies, midges, cockroaches, termites, dvuvostok, moths, silverfish, spiders and other crawling and flying trifles.
What does a centipede look like and where
The adult insect has an elongated flattened body consisting of 15 segments. Each segment has one pair of legs, the length of which increases from the head to the tail. The last pair of legs is so elongated that it looks more like a mustache (can be confused with the head).
Due to the large number of long thin legs, the scoutiger looks like a hairy or shaggy centipede.
Flycatchers have good eyesight, and the speed is up to 40 cm / sec. Antennae whip-like, very long. Color - yellowish gray or brownish, along the body are three stripes. The flycatcher lives 3-7 years old, growing up to 6 cm. It is possible to distinguish an adult insect from a young one by the number of legs.
The newly emerged centipedes have only 4 pairs. The foot becomes larger after each molt, eventually reaching 15 pairs.
The area of flycatchers covers the distance from southern Europe to North Africa. On the territory of Russia, it lives in the Black Earth, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea and the Volga region.
The room temperature for these predators is quite comfortable. In the house they choose dark places: spaces under the bathroom, basements, and continue to lead a predatory life - they catch all the insects they can find.
Are fly traps harmful?
The Flycatcher is a useful creature that exterminates many insect pests. In the garden and the garden, she is a real helper. Therefore, if in the warm season a flycatcher is found in the house, it is better to gently catch it with a can or box (not with your hands!) And take it outside.
In the apartment she does not spoil the furniture and does not touch the human food. She is interested only in insects, and in a few weeks she is able to clean the apartment from them as well as a vacuum cleaner.
The flycatcher does not tolerate any diseases, does not attack humans and animals, and generally tries to stay away from all households. Despite the fact that the insect is poisonous, her temper is peaceful. If possible, she will not enter into conflict - she will simply run away. To try to bite it, of course, can, but only as self-defense.
In the southern countries, centipedes are welcome guests in gardens and fields, they are protected here, and their contribution to pest control is appreciated.
What happens if skolopendra bites?
Most often, the flycatcher can not bite through the skin, unless it is a gentle baby or very thin female skin. If she nevertheless succeeds in piercing the skin and injecting poison, the bite feels like a sting of a bee, the symptoms too - redness, burning, itching.
For humans, the poison of the flycatcher is not dangerous, it can only be harmful if you are hypersensitive or allergic.
The scolopendra flycatcher is much more dangerous - a different type of centipedes, which, due to ignorance, are sometimes confused. The bite of scolopendra, although not lethal to humans (except for tropical species of scolopendra), is very painful and can cause severe edema that does not fall down for several days.
Scolopendra poison is especially dangerous for small children, able to kill a cat or another small animal.
What to do if you bit a centipede (flycatcher, millipede):
- Wash the wound with soap and water.
- Disinfect with any suitable product such as alcohol, vodka, cologne, boric acid, or calendula tincture.
- Apply a cold compress for 40 minutes, if the burning sensation is strong and swelling has formed.
- Take a painkiller or an antihistamine if necessary.
Next, you need to monitor changes in health. If there are disturbing symptoms (severe malaise, nausea, clouding of consciousness, vomiting) - you need to consult a doctor. As a rule, nothing like this happens.
In the case of scolopendra, everything is much more serious - the result may be severe swelling (if a limb is bitten - it will swell up completely), a rise in temperature and a sharp deterioration in well-being.
But still, in this case, it is better to immediately seek medical help, and if a child or small pet is bitten, it is imperative that you seek medical help.
What are the reasons why people are afraid of the flycatcher
The fear of centipedes and the hostility towards them from people is mainly explained by two facts: aversion to their appearance and the fear that they can get into the ear.
The last statement is more connected with the common myth about earwigs, which in the opinion of some people are able to get into the ear of a sleeping person, bite through the eardrum and penetrate the brain. Flycatchers are confused with earwigs, so they are just as scared.
It happens that small insects get to people in their ears (most often they are flies, midges or cockroaches). The flycatcher, under no circumstances, will climb into the ear canal - for her there is nothing attractive and with its length of legs it is completely uncomfortable.
How to get rid of them
There are no many flycatchers in the living room, because for them this is an unusual habitat, and they will hardly be fruitful in the conditions of an apartment. Therefore, the flycatcher can be easily caught and sent to the street.
If you decide to get rid of the flycatchers in the apartment by radical methods, that is, destruction, you need to take into account the peculiarities of their diet, body structure and behavior. For example, they are ineffective in combating remove sticky traps - an insect tears off adherent paws and runs away. Lures for cockroaches and ants also have no effect on them, because the flycatchers are predators, they feed on live insects.
You can kill a flycatcher with any hard object, boiling water or an insecticide (it is more convenient to use sprays). Insecticides fit any - flycatchers have no resistance to them.
You can make the flycatchers leave the apartment themselves. For example, if you get rid of all the insects in the apartment, they will have nothing to eat, and will have to go in search of a more suitable place.
They love humidity, so you can often run into them in the bathroom. If moisture is not allowed to accumulate in the bathroom and it is regularly aired, then the flycatchers will soon become uncomfortable here and they will leave.
Block access to the house for flycatchers, as well as various insects, you can caulk all the cracks in the walls, floor and basement, as well as setting the grid on the ventilation outlets.
How to get rid of home scolopendr?
Look, here is one of these millipedes peeking out from under the baseboard. Is it scary? Meet - skolopendra from the family of bladder centipedes. There are about 90 species of skolopendry detachment. They can be quite large and look just awful.
Usually, scolopendra live in the open air, in damp areas, under fallen leaves, stones, or under the bark of trees. And only the home centipede spends all its life inside the dwelling.
Most of them lead an active nightlife. The home centipede is gray-yellow in color with three black stripes along the back and white specks and has very long legs. The body consists of segments, and on each of them there are two pairs of legs.
In total, the scolopendra has 15 pairs of legs, so the centipede does not justify its name. Apparently, so it was called because of fear. The length of the scolopendra reaches from 2 to 4 cm.
Home centipedes prefer damp rooms, such as basements, closets, bathrooms or toilets. In the warm season they can be found in the attic. Centipedes usually overwinter outdoors. In the summer, the skolopendra lays up to 35 eggs, mainly in damp places, as well as behind baseboards or under the bark of trees.
Young centipedes have four pairs of legs. In the process of growth, they molt and gradually add new pairs of legs. Their life expectancy is from one to six years, and they grow all this time.
What is dangerous house centipede?
As already mentioned, there are several species of centipedes, and some of them are quite dangerous. Dangerous species of scolopendra inhabit forest or grassy areas. They are usually orange or dark red in color and most often reach large sizes in comparison with the home centipede.
With such dimensions and weapons, scolopendra easily hunt small rodents, including rats. But do not worry, these centipedes live in tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. Their bite is not fatal to humans, but rather unpleasant.
Blisters and redness occur at the site of the bite, accompanied by pain and swelling. Symptoms disappear within two days. Centipedes, which you can find in your home, are absolutely harmless and do not contain deadly poison for us.
So if between you accidentally happens contact of the first kind, you can be completely confident in their safety, despite their aggressive appearance. The home scolopendra is also called the flycatcher, as it feeds on small insects.
So, home skolopendry absolutely safe:
- they are not carriers of disease
- do not eat our products
- do not penetrate our wardrobe,
- if possible, avoid a person, and when meeting with him, the Scolopendra will quickly seek refuge in a darker place.
Meanwhile, the presence of scolopendr in our house may indicate increased humidity and possible mold. Also, centipedes live in a dwelling where there are other small pests. Centipedes are predators.
They survive at home due to the presence of food supply - other insects. And some of them can disrupt our comfort and cause harm to health, such as bedbugs.
How to secure a home?
So, if you decide to fight the intrusion of unwanted guests, then first take the following environmental measures:
- Air the rooms and basements.
- Repair or replace leaking faucets and water taps.
- Clean the area surrounding the house of possible centipede habitat, including debris, stones, boards, compost heaps and other possible insect shelters.
- Ensure tightness and tightness around siding, windows, doors, pipes, wires and other structural voids. This will help you foam, which effectively fill all voids and block access to insects and rodents.
- Another way to get rid of the scolopendr is to destroy their food base, that is, to disperse spiders, bedbugs, termites, cockroaches, ants and flies. To do this, you can use insecticidal aerosols, such as Raptor, Reid, or Combat.
These products are sprayed near cracks, cracks, baseboards or potential points of entry of unwanted elements.
Processing should be carried out around the perimeter with a spray range from one to three meters. As a rule, the effect of insecticides has a prolonged nature and lasts about three months, and is also suitable for all types of surface.
The disadvantage of gels is that for the complete destruction of insects will require a longer application of the tool: at best, it may take several weeks.
Is scolopendra dangerous for people?
Многие люди любят держать у себя дома в качестве питомцев разных экзотических, необычных и весьма опасных животных и насекомых. Все мы разные, и если у одного тот или иной вид паука или змеи вызывает ужас, омерзение и неприятие, то у другого это существо пробудит лишь умиление и улыбку.
К таким вот членистоногим, вызывающим двоякое впечатление, относится и сколопендра домашняя.
True, a person does not always get it on purpose, sometimes she independently settles in an apartment, choosing dark and damp places. Bathrooms and basements are ideal for this.
Scolopendra home is also called flytrap, centipede. Although this creature causes hostility in many, it is absolutely not dangerous for people, and to some extent even useful. The flycatcher eats cockroaches, goosebumps, flies, bedbugs and other small insects and arthropods.
In its natural habitat, the centipede can be found in southern Ukraine and Russia. On the same territory, there are more dangerous real scolopendras, they are larger, and giant individuals can even kill a mouse. Houses are grown only by professionals who know how to protect themselves from this creature.
The skeleton of the flycatcher consists of chitin, the skin of a gray or brown color. Scolopendra home has a body divided into 15 segments, and each of them has a pair of legs.
True, this creature's paws are only 14 pairs, because the first pair was modified into peculiar fangs, used as protection and fixation of the victim. There are three bands on the back, the centipede sees the facet eyes very well, it has excellently developed antennae, it runs well compared to other representatives of this species.
Scolopendra in the house behaves in the same way as in natural habitats. She is looking for relatively warm, humid and dark places. With the arrival of cold, the centipede buries itself in the ground, hides in the cracks of the rocks, at home it can be a plinth. In spring, the arthropod is awakened, however, it is active only at night. With the advent of drought, the skolopendra home migrates in search of more humid places.
Harm to man
The flycatcher does not pose any danger to people, it bites only if it is held for a long time in its hands. The bite of scolopendra is homely and painful. Feels like it can be compared with a wasp sting.
But giant skolopendry can kill toads and mice, which already resemble us with their genetic structure. In any case, the wound must be sanitized and smeared with brilliant green or iodine.
Most sentient beings do not attack people first, and this also concerns skolopendry. If she is not provoked, frightened, or restricted in her freedom, she will never bite for nothing.
Insect General Information
Scolopendra belongs to the family of tracheal arthropods. In the detachment skolopendrovyh there are about 90 species of centipedes. Most of them prefer life in the open air, in places with increased dampness (under fallen leaves, bark). Only home skolopendra prefers to live in the house.
The insect has a body 2-4 cm long (sometimes up to 6 cm) with a yellowish-gray or brown color. On the back of an adult insect there are three bluish or purple stripes. Long antennae and faceted eyes provide the centipede with good vision and orientation in space. Body flattened, divided into 15 segments. On each of them there is 1 pair of legs. The first pair in the evolutionary process was transformed into ticks. They serve to capture prey. Scolopendra injects paralytic poison and immobilizes it.
Home centipede - a predatory insect. She eats flies, cockroaches, bedbugs, ants and other insects. In houses skolopendra goes on the hunt at night. At the same time, it can catch several insects and alternately slowly eat them.
The insect female lays eggs in the summer in the amount of up to 35 pieces. To do this, she chooses the damp and warm places in the house (behind the baseboard, in the bathroom). Young insects have only 4 pairs of legs. In the process of growing up, their number is growing. Scolopendra grows throughout life. With the loss of the legs, they can re-grow.
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Causes of occurrence in the house
In order for a centipede to appear in a house, conditions must be created for it, ideal for living. Optimum habitat is created due to such factors:
- enough food (that is, other insects in the house),
- high humidity and damp,
- comfortable temperature
If all these factors are present at the same time, the probability that a centipede is started is very high. The most significant criterion for choosing the habitat of an insect is humidity.
How to get rid: effective methods
The most global method of dealing with the centipede is thorough drying. In dry places, it does not settle. To mechanically destroy an insect is very difficult. The flat body and tight shell reliably protect the skolopendra from impacts.
Because of their physiology and lifestyle, many of the tools used to kill other insects are not suitable for centipedes. For example, sticky tape can only leave an insect without legs. It will run away, after a while the legs will grow back. Food baits are also not suitable, as the skolopendra eats only live insects.
To combat the scolopendra invasion, it is first of all necessary to use ecological methods.
General rules of struggle
To force an insect to leave an acquired place, you need to save it from the favorable factors of residence:
- To reduce the level of humidity in the house. To do this, you need to ventilate the room more often, install ventilation, and an air dryer.
- Check the health of all pipes, mixers and taps, the presence of condensate on them.
- Remove moisture and mold from walls and other surfaces.
- Seal all crevices in the bathroom and toilet with silicone.
- Fill the voids in the windows, doorways with foam.
- House territory check for the presence of various deposits and sewage. Scolopendra can actively reproduce in them.
- Get rid of other insects in the house, using effective drugs or folk remedies.
Special preparations for centipedes are very few. Therefore, you can choose tools with a wide spectrum of action from many types of parasites. When using insecticides it is very important to comply with all safety measures. Protect the face, hands and other parts of the body from the effects of chemistry. To do this, use a protective mask, gloves, protective suit.
Chemicals for centipede:
- Medilis Zipper - concentrate for dilution with water. The finished solution from the spray treated places of mass accumulation of insects.
- Starex - effective spray for spraying the slits.
- Raid - aerosol, non-toxic to humans. After processing them premises, you can stay in it. It has a pleasant aroma.
- Henkel combat - an aerosol with an applicator, due to which the product is easy to inject into hard-to-reach places (slots, ventilation). It has a strong smell.
- Globol Original - pasta with deltamethrin and diflubenzuron. It should be applied with caution in the reach of children and pets.
For those who prefer natural substances, you can purchase an aerosol based on natural pyrethrin.
Folk remedies and recipes
Most often, the use of chemicals in the fight against insects refuse because of the residence in the house of children and animals. In this case, you can use traditional methods.
This substance has a neuro-paralyzing effect on most insects. The powder must be poured in those places where most often you can find skolopendra (ventilation, drains). The more area to process, the better. Boric acid can be ingested by an insect, which the centipede will later eat and also recover. That is, if there are, for example, cockroaches in the house, you can make bait with boric acid.
Cayenne hot pepper, diatomaceous powder
Sprinkle pepper in the places where the centipede penetrates into the dwelling. In order for an insect to interact with a powder, it must be run through it. And it is better if the centipede eats a poisoned insect.
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Specialized services are mainly approached only if skolopendr divorced a lot, and all the control measures taken independently, did not give effect. Professionals use different means in their work:
- thermal effect
- synthetic pyrethroid microcapsules,
Usually one treatment is enough for the scolopendra to leave the house forever. The only drawback is the high cost of services.
To prevent the centipedes from settling in a residential building, you need to take preventive measures:
- Remove away from the house everything that can be a good environment for living insects (firewood, compost, dry leaves).
- If the toilet is on the street, regularly fill it with sawdust and ash.
- Adhere to order in the house. Clean crumbs, dust, moisture.
- All utility rooms dry and air.
- Seal all the gaps and holes in the house.
- Fill in the path of possible penetration of scolopendre with brown or boric acid.
- Cover baths and sinks with special stoppers for the night.
- If the floor of the house is made of wood, it must be treated with parquet mastic.