The European Shorthair cat (or Celtic cat - as it was originally called) is a medium-sized cat with very dense, thick hair. Weight ranges from 3 to 6 kg. Life expectancy is 15-17 years, there were even record-breakers who lived to 22 years.
The history of the breed is very rich, and on its basis many other breeds have appeared. At all times, these cats remained skillful hunters and silent companions.
Origin (homeland, time of occurrence)
Celtic or European shorthair cat was domesticated many hundreds of years ago. More precisely, in those days it was an ordinary wild cat that lived in Northern Europe.
This wild cat was simultaneously tamed by different tribes - the British, the Swedes and the Gauls. The result was three different breeds of cats - the British Shorthair, the Swedish home and Celtic.
For many years, the breed developed without human intervention. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Swedish experts brought out the Swiss Shorthair on its basis. From the mid-twentieth century, felinologists tried to improve the health of animals.
Swiss Shorthair crossed with British Shorthair and Persian. As a result, the European Shorthair appeared - another name for the Celtic and Swiss cats - got a thicker and thicker fur coat, and at the same time got rid of hereditary diseases.
Since the 1980s, the breed has been officially recognized, and the Scandinavian and European types are united in one breed - the European Shorthair.
Appearance (wool, color, appearance.)
European shorthair cat is stocky and strong. The body is powerful, medium-sized legs, straight and muscular - all this helps it to be an incredibly efficient hunter. There is a lot of fur on the legs, because the cat walks absolutely silently. Chest wide, croup wide.
The head is small, round. The ears are medium in size, wide enough at the base, but tapering and curving closer to the end. The forehead is even with characteristic dark vertical stripes. Nose smooth, small, wide.
Cheeks large, small chin, smooth. The eyes are large, round, there are all shades of yellow - from light gold to amber. Sometimes there are cats with green eyes.
The coat is short, with moderate undercoat, soft and shiny. The color can be any - black, dark brown, tabby, tortoise, even white or blue.
European shorthair choose for themselves who they will communicate, and who will try not to notice. Moreover, it may not even get lucky for some members of the household.
The Celts choose a leader and begin to adopt his habit. If you have got the role of leader, then very soon you and the cat will go to bed and get up at the same time, eat the same food and watch TV together.
Celtic cats and cats are very self-sufficient and will never beg for affection and attention. They are very smart, quickly remember their nickname, but respond only if they themselves want.
The Celts are also very intelligent - they never interfere with the owner’s work or other important matters. They can simply lie next to each other in a friendly manner.
Celts rarely meow, basically they just sit in front of what they need and wait (for example, opposite the refrigerator).
They will never make friends with other pets, as there can be only one king in the house. The only exception is a Celtic cat who grew up in the company of another dog or cat - then they can be best friends.
These cats also do not like children because of the children's desire to play, squeeze and carry with them. The Celts may even scratch a child who is too rude or annoying.
The Celtic cat will react cautiously to the guests, most likely, it will not allow itself to be stroked. It may often seem that the Celts do not even like their family very much, but this is not at all the case. They are very loyal animals.
Maintenance and care
Celtic cat such a pet "for the lazy." It does not need to be washed frequently (it will be enough a couple of times a year), wipe your ears every couple of weeks and cut your claws as needed - that's all. If you arrange bath days more often, the wool can become dry and lose luster.
The same thing happens if the cat is too often in the sun. The fatty layer on wool is very thin and has been recovering for too long. It is better to comb the wool more often, and the cat can wash itself.
You can feed a Celtic cat with both dry food, wet food, and natural products. The main thing is that the content of meat or poultry should be at least 30%. Fish can also be given, but only boiled and boneless.
A cat with better health is not to be found. This breed is extremely resistant, with a strong immune system. Celts very rarely get sick, no hereditary diseases.
And yet, veterinarians are advised in any case not to forget to be vaccinated in time.
Advantages and disadvantages
Celtic cats perfectly catch mice and birds. If there are no mice, they hunt for everything that is trying to escape. They are often active at night, because sometimes the owners will not be able to sleep.
It is better for children not to play with the cat, because the European Shorthair is not too fond of scattering and fussing.
They can safely be left alone at home - they will either sleep or find something to do that is safe for the furniture and clothing of the owners.
If a Celtic cat is dissatisfied with a large number of people, he will go to another room and wait until everyone goes their separate ways - they don’t get tired of anyone, do not get under their feet.
The origin of the breed
So, there was a cat. Neither Celtic nor English, but such a citizen of the world. This cat was nothing special, it did not appear on the pictures in the history books. She struggled for existence with all her strength, as a result of which her character was forged stern and independent. She hunted beautifully and was not like her pampered family counterparts, who were completely dependent on the person. Most of these kittens occupied the northern part of Europe. One generation appeared after another, but all these cats retained something in common in appearance and temperament.
And breeders and breeders could not help noticing! They drew attention to what a harsh cat looked like and simultaneously took it from different sides. Only the British from the aboriginal cat turned out the British Shorthair, the Swedes - the Swedish home, and the Gauls - the Celtic. But since the birthplace of these breeds is still the old Europe, fans of the breed increasingly know her as the European Shorthair.
In fairness it should be noted that the UK does not recognize the Europeanization of this cat and does not perceive it as a breed, but in Australia, in Europe (including Russia and Ukraine), the breed is recognized and respected.
This ends our Shan-Nose and the next song is called the Standard of the breed.
A kitten of the European Shorthair breed, if it does not drink barley Sowans, it looks like a British cat that has slightly dropped its weight. But there are special signs and differences by which fans recognize the European Shorthair cat.
- The head of the Celt is of medium size. It is wide, rounded:
- the nose is straight, even, but the profile with a noticeable transition,
- ears of medium size, on the tips of the tassels are possible. Ears are set wide and upright. The width of the ear is equal to its height,
- eyes set wide, slightly sloping. The color of the iris corresponds to the coat color. The red tone of the color is honey, amber eyes, the black tonality is green eyes, gray is also gray or blue eyes.
- These cats are small only at a young age. Having matured, they most often become large and muscular animals. Natural flexibility and agility are characteristic features of the Celts.
The extremities of the European Shorthair cat are strong, not shortened. Paws tight, round.
The tail at the base is wide, tapering to the tip. The length of the tail is average.
The weight of Celtic cats can reach 8 kg.
- The hair of the European Shorthair cat, as the name implies, is short and European, that is, brilliant, thick and very beautiful.
- But as for coat color, it is easier to say which colors are NOT recognized, than to list those that the breed standard allows. Chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, faun and acromelanic stains are not allowed in any variants.
The description of the permitted colors can be formulated with the phrase: “What is not prohibited, of course, allowed,” and the European Shorthair cat will try it on with all other combinations.
By the nature of this cat is white and fluffy, regardless of coat color. The European shorthair cat is a proud cat and will be friends only with those who communicate with her on an equal footing. Delighted reviews of Celtic owners are repeated in that the Celtic breed cats are not intrusive and very independent. If you forget to feed the cat, then she will take a fridge attack. And if you allow, then she also cooks breakfast for the whole family. At the very least, their level of intelligence would allow them to do it.
If you decide to live together with a European shorthair cat, then keep in mind that over the centuries of free life, its hunting instincts have only strengthened and this lady will hunt at night. If not on mice (because of their absence), then on midges or occasional night shadows.
Celts are silent and give voice only in exceptional cases - extreme hunger or pinched tail.
Fellow-cats or other pets European short-haired cat does not recognize. Therefore, it is better that in the family pack only one creature walks on four legs.
Their character is really unique. So, the European Shorthair has the gift of adaptation. Having chosen the leader of the pack, she begins to imitate his habits. If you are lucky to become a leader, then do not be surprised if the cat is, like you, a morning person or starts demanding shrimp for football.
Celts do not have hereditary genetic diseases! So that they are not sick and other cat diseases, cats of this breed must undergo compulsory vaccination. Indeed, even if the animal does not go outside the apartment, it is still endangered by the danger that we bring from the street on shoes or dirty hands.
IMPORTANT! Kittens first vaccine put in 8-12 weeks of age. After a time revaccination is required. 8 weeks of age is optimal in the event that the mother cat did not receive vaccination, 12 weeks of age for vaccination is suitable if the parent has all the vaccinations.
The change of teeth in a kitten begins at 4 months and lasts up to 7 months of age. At this time, put vaccinations is not recommended.
If vaccinations are done for the first time, then congratulations - the Celt will receive a passport!
And, of course, do not forget that 10 days before the first vaccinations, your pet needs to de-worming and get rid of fleas.
After vaccination, monitor the health of the European Shorthair. How to determine that something went wrong? Drowsiness, refusal to eat, photophobia - symptoms, after the appearance of which you need to immediately contact a veterinarian.
Today, pet vaccination is mandatory. After all, the price of doubt is the life of your cat.
The life span of a European shorthair cat is 15 - 17 years.
Care and maintenance
Celts do not need special care. Moreover, they may pretend that they do not need a person at all, but this is not so. To cut the claws, they cannot wipe the ears themselves. Yes, and a bath day, they are unlikely to arrange themselves. Although experts say it is often not recommended to bathe a Celtic cat. Water procedures every six months are sufficient for them. After all, more frequent bathing will negatively affect the state of the European shorthair coat. Wool becomes skim and brittle. Therefore, replace bathing with regular combing and that will be enough.
More tips on leaving here.
Archaeologists believe the Celts mysterious people. Their food addictions are puzzling. The Celts, who lived in Ireland, did not prepare dishes from cranes, the British Celts refused to eat chicken and hare, but our Keltic cat is of European origin, which means that there are no strange taboos for food.
You can feed a European cat with both natural food and ready-made feeds. The main thing is not to be greedy at the size of servings and remember that the menu of pure meat (not by-products) must be at least 30%!
Milk, raw fish and pastry - those products that can not be given to cats in principle!
No photos, alas, can fully convey the grace of the European shorthair cat. The gait, characteristic of cats, when the left legs go first and then the right, makes the Celts graceful and silent companions of a person.
Where to buy a kitten
Our kennels are almost not engaged in Celtic cats. In Moscow, in Minsk, in Kiev it is impossible to find a cattery of the European Shorthair cat. Then where to buy, if not in the nursery? Bird markets offer kittens of this breed.
The average cost is 2 thousand rubles. But it is extremely likely to buy not a Celt, but a kitten, remotely similar to it. Booking and purchasing in a specialized, albeit foreign, nursery is a guarantee of purchasing a kitten of pure blood, which is confirmed by a package of documents. The price in this case can reach 30,000 rubles.
European shorthair cat. Isolde, who will definitely meet her Tristan.
Celtic, she is the European shorthair cat (EKSH) was the result of breeding with ordinary cats that herds roamed in Europe. Some of the animals lived on the street, but the elect entered the houses and were considered the best rodent exterminators.
The selection of short-haired cats (simultaneously in Great Britain, Germany and France) started at the beginning of the last century, and already in 1938 the public saw a silvery-marbled handsome man with the artsy name Vastl von der Kohlung. The presentation of this trained, in the opinion of the owner, the Pied Piper was held in Berlin, at one of the first international cat shows.
English breeders focused on massiveness, achieving round lines of the head, short muzzle and thick hair. So began the creation of the British Shorthair cat. In France, they preferred to adhere to exclusively blue color, giving such animals their name - chartreuse, or Cartesian cat. It is distinguished from the British by its less adjacent wool of all shades of gray-blue.
It is interesting! A little later, the breeding of the Celtic cat joined in Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and in 1976 the first representative of the breed was registered, however, under the name "Swedish domestic cat".
Confusion between close breeds was stopped in 1982, when FIFe recognized the European Shorthair as a separate breed (with the approval of its own standard). Later, the Celtic cat inspired US breeders to breed the American Shorthair, which, although reminiscent of the EKSH, was nonetheless distinguished by its “grown up” dimensions and greater variability of colors.
Currently, there are at least two breed standards (FIFE and WCF), describing the European shorthair cat. The head (with a slightly rounded forehead) seems rounded, but in reality its length exceeds the width. The transition from a straight nose to the forehead is clearly pronounced. Medium sized ears are set relatively straight and wide. The height of the ears is almost equal to the width at the base. On the rounded tips of the auricles, tassels are sometimes observed.
It is interesting! The European Shorthair has large round eyes, which are located slightly obliquely and far apart. The color of the iris is monochrome (green, blue or amber) depending on the color of the coat. A disagreement is allowed, in which one eye is honey, and the second is blue.
The ESCH has a well-developed, round-shaped chest, limbs - of moderate height, strong, gently tapering towards the paws. The average length of the tail is wide enough at the base and gradually narrows, moving to a rounded tip. The coat of the Celtic cat is thick, short and consists of shiny, elastic hair.
The following colors are not allowed:
- faun (including tabby and bicolor / tricolor),
- any acromelanic.
But even with these limitations, modern EKSH are quite capable of competing in the number of color variations with the Oriental Shorthair and Persian cats. Attracting attention to the kennel, its employees breed, as a rule, European shorthair of rare color, for example, marble, silver or golden tabby.
Celtic Cat Character
He tempered in the harsh conditions of free life, so that the cat is absolutely independent and not capricious. She was so used to relying on her own strength that she would never go hungry, even with a forgetful host. She will try to open the refrigerator, find food on the master's table, or begin to catch insects that have accidentally entered the apartment. Keep in mind that periodically in the cat hunting genes will wake up and then she will rush to any small living creatures that fall into her field of vision.
Celtic cats know their value and do not tolerate humiliation, so they will only communicate with those who show due respect to them. Среди домашних всегда есть один человек, которого они любят и которому подчиняются безоговорочно.They are so subject to the charm of the chosen one that they often copy his manners and habits, for example, watch football matches with him.
It is interesting! European shorthair cats are silent. Their voice can be heard extremely rarely and only in situations that have gone out of control. So, the cat is disgruntled meow if you step on its tail or try to bathe her.
Breed is not very peculiar loyalty to the rest of the domestic beast, because of which the European shorthair cat is usually kept alone, so as not to provoke skirmishes between animals.
Care and hygiene
Thanks to their street past, these cats need less care than others.. Nature endowed them with short hair so that dirt and parasites did not linger in it, and most EKSh cannot tolerate bath procedures. Only animals of the show class are bathed, which will have to show off at exhibitions.
It will also be interesting:
The rest of the cats lick themselves, allowing the owners to periodically comb out the drop-down (especially when shedding) wool. Congenital cleanliness contributes to the rapid habituation to the tray, whose contents must be removed immediately. Even fewer problems with the toilet for those cats that go out into the street, but they need to inspect their ears more often, where ear mites are turned on. If necessary, the ears and eyes are rubbed with a moist cotton swab with saline.
Celtic cat diet
The European Shorthair has no special requests for food. Kittens up to 3 months are fed (with an emphasis on dairy products) 6 times a day, after 4 months taking 2 meals a day. Celtic cat easily accustomed to industrial feed (dry and wet) with the label "super-premium" or "holistic."
Granulated food is well combined with a natural diet. For the latter recommended:
- meat (raw and boiled),
- sea fish (fresh and boiled),
- vegetables (in a different form, except fried),
- dairy products,
In the menu, carbohydrates should not prevail: a cat, like any predator, needs animal proteins. In addition, raw / hard foods that help clean plaque will benefit.
Diseases and breed defects
Perhaps this is one of the rare feline breeds, whose body does not suffer from hereditary ailments.. Immunity Celtic cats forged for centuries and was not spoiled by the noble blood of other, often pampered rocks. The only source of danger for EKSH are infections that even a cat sitting in an apartment can catch: bacteria / viruses get into the house along with clothes and shoes.
It is interesting! Vaccination is prohibited during the period of tooth replacement. In cats, the process begins at four months of age and ends by 7 months.
The first vaccinations are given to kittens at 8 weeks (if the cat was not vaccinated before birth) or at 12 weeks (with prenatal vaccination). 10 days before immunization, kittens are rid of worms.
Buy Celtic Cat
There are no nurseries in Russia right now where Celtic cats are bred, and in Europe those who want to work with EKSH have noticeably diminished. However, there are several nurseries in Belarus (Minsk and Vitebsk). The drop in interest in the breed is due to the disparity between costs and profits.
No one wants to buy cats that resemble the inhabitants of city basements (after all, few people understand the phenotype nuances). Rare domestic breeders, breeding EKSH, long ago switched to more prestigious, exotic and well-selling breeds. Simply put, for a real Celtic kitten you have to go abroad.
What to look for
Visually, you can hardly distinguish the purebred EKSH from the yard cat, so study the documents of the manufacturers and the reputation of the nursery itself. Remember that nowadays even Celtic club cats are increasingly moving away from the breed standard, and the condescension of experts is to blame for this. It is they who look through their fingers at such deviations in the exterior, such as:
- non-standard arrangement of white spots,
- straight line profile,
- blurred pattern
- backbone poverty
- modified texture of the coat.
Important! From year to year the diversity of EKSH (recognized as one of the breed problems) increases, and the colors lose their expressiveness.
As a result, it is likely that instead of a Celt, Vaska will be slipped to you from the nearest gateway.
Holders of piece copies of the ECS notice their willfulness and even some rancor, especially in relation to outsiders. The pet will be long and stoic to end the persecution in order to revenge the abuser at one moment and calm down with a sense of restored justice.. On the other hand, Celtic cats know how to prioritize and always forgive children for actions that they would not allow adults to perform. From the babies, they endure the twisting of a mustache, arrogant grasp of the ears and attempts to tear off the tail.
Celts adapt to the rhythm of life of the household, moving away when they are busy with something. Feline playfulness is organically combined with restraint and extraordinary ingenuity. Thanks to the latest quality, the European Shorthair will never refuse to listen to the host claims and even improve if they consider them to be justified. One of the advantages is small cares, and many Celtic cats consider them unnecessary and try to sneak away from the owner as soon as he picks up a comb or shower hose.
History of origin
European shorthair cats have lived in Europe for centuries. These were unremarkable yard animals, independent and independent of man, they were highly valued for their hunting abilities and lived mainly on farms. Like most modern breeds, the European Shorthair are considered to be direct descendants of the African wild steppe cat. During the time of the Roman Empire, already domesticated, they settled in the northern part of Europe.
With the development of felinology, many breeders and just enthusiasts began to look for suitable material to create a new breed. In the 19th century, breeders in England, Denmark, France, Germany, Sweden and other countries noticed that many short-haired farm cats (as they were then called) have a similar type and temperament.
Today it is hard to say who was the first, the work on creating a new breed was started actively and in several directions at once. In Sweden, European short-haired cats were called domestic, in France and Germany - Celtic, and the British refused to keep the original type altogether. By adding blood to the Persians, Chartreuse, and some other breeds, they obtained British cats. The breeders from the USA decided to go the same way and also created an aboriginal breed - the American Shorthair.
Enthusiasts of European countries have long fought for the recognition of the breed and only in 1982 for it was developed a standard. The European Shorthair was officially recognized in FIFE and honored with champion status. The WCF commission members did not disregard these cats, they just registered the breed under a different name - the Celtic cat.
Video review of the breed European shorthair cat (Celtic cat):
Head and muzzle
The head is round and wide, slightly longer than wide. The nose is of medium length, straight. When viewed from the side there is a moderate transition from the forehead to the nose. Ears of medium size, set wide enough from each other, wide at the base, slightly rounded at the tips, can be brushes. The ears are set up almost vertically, and their height should be approximately equal to the widest part of the shell.
The eyes are round, wide open and set apart from each other at a slight angle. The color of the iris can be any, but it must be in harmony with the coat color. The limbs are strong, strong medium lengths taper evenly to tight round legs. The tail is not too long, wide at the base, tapers to a rounded tip.
Wool and colors
The coat is short, very thick and dense, shiny, not too soft to the touch with a well-developed undercoat. The colors can be various, preferably natural, not allowed: chocolate, cinnamon, purple and fawn (even in cases when the color is included in the combination: tabby, tricolor, bicolor) and acromelanic coloring.
The disadvantages of the European cat consider any signs of crossing with other breeds. She should keep the type of average domestic cat that developed naturally and be free from any impurities.
European shorthair cat is moderately independent and appreciates personal space. Impose communication on her is unlikely to succeed. The cat is tied to the owner, but will not advertise vividly its feelings, constantly play around or accompany the apartment, wagging its tail. She takes caresses only when she wants and only from family members whom she trusts. He will react calmly to the guests' visits, he does not recognize outsiders, but he will not show aggression, he will most likely prefer to retire to a solitary, peaceful place.
Celtic kittens are very active and require increased attention, being bored alone and often find entertainment for themselves that the owner might not like. Growing up, cats become more calm and reasonable, does not require much attention and calmly remain alone for a sufficiently long period. However, they do not lose their curiosity and at times are playful, like kittens. These cats get along well with children, but this does not manifest itself in cooperative games, the European will prefer to keep a safe distance.
Celtic cats have a strong nervous system and a high level of intelligence. They get along well with other cats and dogs, sociable and non-conflicting. But living with small animals is dangerous, rodents, poultry or fish will always remain for them potential prey.
The European Shorthair is unpretentious for food and there are no special recommendations to their diet. It must be healthy and balanced with high protein, low fat carbohydrates. If preference is given to natural feeding, then the basis (60-70%) should be meat in raw, frozen or scalded form. The rest: equal amounts of cereals, vegetables and fruits. Once a week, cats need to be given sea fish fillets and dairy products.
You can also pick up dry food or canned food, which will greatly facilitate the life of the owner. Preference is better to give ready-made rations premium or super premium class. In these, the correct ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates is observed, there are all the necessary vitamins and trace elements.
For European Shorthair, the following feeds are ideal:
- Hills Feline Adult Chiken / Tuna / Rabbit / Lamb is a complete food for adult healthy cats.
- Pronature Holistic Turkey & Cranberries Complete, balanced turkey and cranberry fodder for cats from 1 to 10 years.
- RC Fit - food for adult active cats without special needs.
- 1 st Choice FINICKY - for adult cats with normal activity, the most attractive formula to taste.
- Bosch Sanabelle Adult Ostrich - food for adult cats with ostrich meat.
- Arden Grange Adult Fresh Chicken & Rice - food for adult cats with fresh chicken and rice.
European shorthair cats have very good health, which contributed to the age-old natural selection. No genetic diseases or predispositions to them have been identified. But this does not mean that the health of pets does not need to pay attention. Cats need to carry out preventive vaccination and treatment against ectoparasites, and also worm worms 2-3 times a year, especially if the animal walks freely on the street and sometimes does not mind catching a pair of mice.
The average life expectancy is 14 years.
Kitten selection and price
The choice of a kitten European shorthair cat should be treated very responsibly. At the age of 6 months, they are practically indistinguishable from ordinary kittens, and this is often used by unscrupulous individuals. All good nurseries are part of the breed clubs. In such organizations, they must register kittens and sell already with a metric, a document that is exchanged for the pedigree of the new owner. If there are doubts about the thoroughbred or authenticity of documents, you can contact the club for information about registrations of parents and kids.
Today, European shorthair cats are not uncommon, but not all countries. They are especially popular in Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, there is a nursery in Slovenia and several breeders in Minsk and Vitebsk (Belarus). In Russia and other CIS countries, cats of this breed can not be found. Apparently, they did not like because of the similarity with the usual Murka.
Despite this, on the Internet you can find a lot of ads on the sale of a Celtic cat, but with rare exceptions these are ordinary domestic kittens at a price of 50-100 rubles, which were equated to the breed out of respect or with an advertising purpose.
The history of the European shorthair cats
Although the ancestors of this cat are considered Nubian and wild European, this breed was bred from the usual domestic Murcah. For the first time the short-haired European breed was presented in 1938 at the Berlin international exhibition. The owner of a silver-marbled cat named Vastl von der Kohlung stated that, among other things, his pet is an excellent rat catcher.
Scientists from many European countries were engaged in breeding short-haired cats: Germany, France, England and Sweden. At first, she was perceived only as a variation of the British Shorthair. And only in 1982, FIFe finally approved the standard of the breed of short-haired European cats. By this time in the United States on the basis of this breed was created by the American shorthair, characterized by a larger size and color options.
In Western Europe, especially in Finland, the breed of short-haired European is appreciated and enjoys great popularity. But in Russia and the CIS countries she did not find the same recognition, because outwardly these cats resemble ordinary outbreds, which can be found in any corner.
To emphasize the origin of this breed from Western European ancestors, she received the second name - Celtic Shorthair
The nature of cats of this breed
The charm of the European shorthair gives the temperament of friendly domestic cats, beautiful colors, as well as charming, delightful eyes. What else distinguishes the breed is the extreme activity and cheerfulness. When kept in the family, these animals are always grateful to the person for his friendly participation and express their feelings with joy. In the house they behave calmly and confidently, trustingly towards all their own, especially willingly playing and having fun with children, no wonder they are called "true cats."
These cats have an interesting feature: when they are afraid, they turn red - their ears, nose and foot pads become saturated pink. But even in stressful situations, they do not rush at the person, do not bite, do not scratch, only can hiss loudly, so their communication with young children is safe.
"Europeans" are unobtrusive, do not require special attention. In the absence of owners, they amuse themselves peacefully with their toys, not pondering their neighbors with loud cries. They are sociable with other pets, but they should not be left alone with domestic rodents and aquarium fish, as the “Europeans” are great hunters.
These cats are intelligent and easily accustomed to the rules of behavior in the house. Keeping such a cat will not be burdensome. There is only one caveat: these cats love to walk on the street, but they will have to train them to the leash gradually, with patience, perseverance and love. When living in a private house, there will be no problems; your pet will walk there independently.
European shorthair cats will be happy to play with you
Experts say that it is possible to distinguish a European shorthair cat from an ordinary domestic cat only by checking it completely for compliance with the standard.
The following defects are attributed to the breed defects:
- deformation of the jaw and tail
- too long and soft wool,
- overly pronounced stop
- weak chin.
Even such a handsome color "red marble" can be mistaken for a domestic purebred cat.
Acquisition of a European Shorthair kitten
Breeding of this breed in Russia is difficult and, unfortunately, often ungrateful work, because not always kittens can find good owners. mur-meaow: 04/08/2018 09:14
You can distinguish a European shorthair from a purebred by checking it for compliance with the standards listed above.
"> mur-meaow: 08/04/2018, 09:13
The author has previously indicated that it is possible to clarify the belonging of a cat to the European shorthair breed by checking it for compliance with standards.
"> A black or tortoise European cat is sometimes viewed not as purebred, but as ordinary domestic, hence the corresponding attitude to it. In addition, some unscrupulous owners try to pass off their kittens as representatives of the European Shorthair breed, although they are a crossbreed in no way meet the International Federation standard. The ideal European should be free from the genetic influence of other breeds.
There are no nurseries in Russia breeding the European Shorthair - there are only private breeders. Стоимость котёнка, сравнительно с другими породами, небольшая: от двух до пятнадцати тысяч рублей в зависимости от класса малыша и количества титулов у его родителей. If you decide to purchase a kitten in a nursery abroad, its cost will be higher: from twenty-five to forty thousand rubles, plus delivery costs.
It is better to acquire a kitten at the age of three months, since young animals adapt to new conditions of life more quickly. In the ideal case, the breeder is found in advance, they get acquainted with the mom of the future pet and the peculiarities of its content, clarify what type of feed, tray and filler was used.
When making a deal, be very careful: the kitten must not only meet the breed standard, but also be a healthy and strong baby. External signs of the absence of diseases - clean eyes, ears, nose, anus, shiny and clean wool without scratching and bald spots, neat claws without any breaks. The kitten should move well, be active and non-aggressive.
The breeder must provide you with a package of accompanying documents:
- contract of sale,
- the passport of the baby with his pedigree, name and date of birth,
- vaccination information.
Abroad kittens of this breed are popular
Hygiene and Pet Appearance
Care of the cat includes the following procedures:
- Daily eye examinations and removal of any discharge with a wet swab (use a separate swab for each eye), tea, chamomile or boiled water can be used for wetting. A large amount of discharge, corneal redness, or the appearance of a third century speak of health problems, and if signs worsen, consultation with a veterinarian is required.
- Cleaning the ears. Cats have large ears, and they are almost not protected by hair, so dust can collect on their inside, combining with earwax. It is possible to clean the ears as it is polluted, this is done with cotton pads and sticks moistened with hydrogen peroxide or a special solution for cleaning the ears of cats. Only the visible part of the ear is cleaned, it is impossible to clean the inside of the ear canal, as you can injure the animal. If too much earwax is collected in the cat's ear, it is a sign of infection with an ear mite or other disease. In this case, treatment in a veterinary clinic is mandatory.
- Combing. European shorthair cats have a soft coat with an "oily" shine. Often it is not recommended to wash them - it dries the hair follicles, especially the cats are able to take care of the cleanliness of their skin. Water procedures are mandatory in the following situations: before the exhibition, childbirth, when visiting a veterinarian. But combing wool with a special metal brush is desirable several times a week, despite the fact that it does not tangle with short-haired breeds. Combing the cat, you remove the fallen hairs and massage the skin of the animal. After this procedure, the pet will look much better groomed.
- Dental and oral care is just as necessary for an animal as it is for a human. There are small toothbrushes for cats, nozzles on the finger, and special cat-like toothpastes, but you can limit yourself to including solid foods in the diet: small bones, cartilage, and solid food. Gnawing on such food, the cat simultaneously cleans the teeth. For complete confidence in the health of the animal, an annual routine check-up at the veterinarian-dentist is necessary.
Cleaning a cat's teeth can be done with a special tip on the finger.
In addition to hygienic procedures, taking care of a pet includes creating comfortable living conditions for him: it is necessary to purchase a tray (you can focus on the adult size of the pet) and dishes for water and food. It is desirable that the bowls are heavy (otherwise they will turn into an additional toy) and have a streamlined shape (for better washing). No cat will refuse toys and their own house, where she could hide from overly annoying guests of your house. It is still important to add a carrier to the necessary list of items for the cat owner, which you will need at least to visit the vet. The size of the carrier is chosen so that the adult animal can easily lie down. It is desirable that the carrying had a hard bottom with a soft mat - this model is suitable for transportation to the hospital, and to travel to the country.
How to feed cats of the European Shorthair breed
European shorthair cats are unpretentious in their diet, and there are no special requirements for their diet. This breed of cats does not have a tendency to obesity, but the food should be lean and balanced, with a predominance of meat products (up to seventy percent). When organizing natural food feeding, the following foods can be included in the pet's diet:
- all types of meat and offal, with the exception of pork and lamb, the meat is given boiled or raw, but scalded with boiling water, and cut into small pieces so that the cat does not choke,
- porridges - it is recommended to cook oatmeal or rice, they can be filled with vegetable oil,
- vegetables are boiled in small quantities, because of the starch content, it is not recommended to feed cats with potatoes,
- sea fish of any kind, but no more than once a week because of the possibility of urolithiasis,
- low-fat dairy products:
- cottage cheese,
- sour cream
- Ryazhenka (milk for adult cats is not always suitable).
When organizing the nutrition of natural food, you need to remember the need for vitamin and mineral supplements.
If you choose finished feed, it will give you the opportunity to quickly choose the type of feeding you need, depending on the age and health of your pet, as good companies offer a large range of their goods: feed for kittens, adult and pregnant cats, for wool output. . The calculation of the amount of feed, depending on the weight of the animal, is always on its packaging. It is necessary to take into account that only premium-class feeds have high-grade protein content and do not require any additives, including vitamin supplements. The disadvantage of this type of diet is in its high cost. With any type of feeding the cat should always be able to quench their thirst with clean (better filtered) water.
Properly chosen, balanced nutrition will positively affect the health of the pet and its appearance.
Kennels and cat breeders usually feed their animals with high quality ready food. If you want to use natural food, it is better to make a transfer from one type of food to another at the age of one year - an adult animal does not need vitamins and will better tolerate a change in diet.
For people who spend most of their time in the walls of the house, the number of feedings to a pet will not create big problems. Kittens for up to six months are fed three to four times a day, after six months they can be gradually transferred to two meals, older cats (older than ten years) can also be fed three times a day in small portions.
If it is impossible to comply with this diet, you can leave food for cats in the public domain or use a feeder with a timer, but this applies only to dry ready-made food.
This breed was bred on the basis of ordinary domestic cats, able to survive in any conditions, therefore it is distinguished by good immunity to diseases and good health. The life of a European shorthair cat with good care can reach twenty years. It is only necessary to carry out preventive measures to protect the pet from possible health problems:
- Provide proper and balanced nutrition.
- In time to get vaccinated: the first vaccination of the main diseases is carried out to the kitten at the age of three or four months by the breeder, the second vaccination (if necessary) - after about three weeks, and then annual revaccination is performed (for rabies - every three years).
- Treat wool from ectoparasites: fleas, ticks, lashing. There are many different means for their destruction: shampoos, sprays, drops on withers, collars. They are used at the first signs of infection: the cat often itches, especially its ears bother, hair scratches and places of baldness are found on the fur.
- Fight internal parasites. If there are no external signs of the disease, deworming is carried out before significant events in the pet's life: exhibitions, vaccinations, viscous. And also, preventive treatment is needed approximately once every six months, regardless of whether your pet is on the street or only in the apartment. This is especially important since infection with worms can be transmitted from animal to human.
How to breed a European shorthair cat
Starting to engage in breeding the breed, remember that the first mating is the most responsible. For cats of this breed, it is best carried out during the third heat, that is, about a year and a half. A month before mating, it is necessary to undergo an examination at the veterinarian, make, if necessary, vaccinations and de-worming.
In order for your cat's offspring to be highly valued in the felinological society, it must first participate in any cat shows.
If your favorite has been awarded the champion title, you immediately get a high rating in the field of breeding. But even in case of failure, all exhibitors receive an estimate of the level of value of the animal for breeding. Based on this criterion, you select a worthy partner for your pet in advance. Thus it is necessary to consider:
- in the exhibition systems of WCF and FIFE, breeding work, including the search for partners, is carried out only through the club, in order to engage in breeding, you must be a member of a club that unites cat breeders,
- in the American exhibition system TICA and CFA, breeders are themselves responsible for the result of their work, and it is not necessary to be a member of the felinological club.
If the entire organizational part is completed, on the third day of estrus you take the cat to your partner and leave it there for a few days. Caring for your pet at this time and watching the viscous holds the owner of the cat.
The act of binding is confirmed by a document, which indicates the following information:
- data of partners, their titles and pedigrees,
- information about the owners
- mating conditions
- time spending.
The document is issued in two copies, copies of passports of pet owners are added to it.
What the cat owner needs to consider
The first mating of the cat is carried out at its full sexual maturity, which occurs after about a year and three months. Usually young cats are looking for more experienced partners.
Knitting is carried out on the territory of the male, so the owner must ensure the safety of animals throughout the entire period. In the ideal case, the cat has an enclosed enclosure in which there are no fragile and breaking objects, it is impossible to hide in any slot, and a protective grid is installed on the windows.
Payment is made by agreement and usually after a fixed pregnancy.
Castration of cats and cats
Castration does not affect the psyche of animals in a negative way, on the contrary, such animals live longer, more calmly and happily. Another thing is that they can gain weight, but this can be easily avoided with a diet. The benefits of castration far outweigh the minor and not-so-frequent disadvantages.
This operation is best performed until the age of one year for your pet. If you notice that your cat is starting to urinate the territory, this means that he has reached puberty and you can already go to the veterinary clinic for surgery. Castration of a cat as such does not pose any particular difficulties. It is carried out under general anesthesia, and after the operation the animal should stay at home for five days without going outside. Insignificant traces of the scalpel are quickly tightened, while it is only necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the toilet, often changing the filler to prevent infection. It is not necessary to allow the cat to rub the lower part of the body on the floor on the first day after the operation. It is necessary to monitor the state of the wound so that there is no swelling.
Castration of the cat is a more serious intervention. It is necessary to carry it out when the cat's body is fully formed - at about six to eight months. This is abdominal surgery and after two or three days the cat needs intensive home care. For her, you should build a flat bed covered with a woolen blanket and a sheet of linen, constantly pay attention to the cat's breathing and make sure that it does not freeze. After getting out of anesthesia, you need to give her clean water, and you can feed her only on the following day, starting with broths and light food.