Turkeys, in fact, are a variety of poultry. To breed this animal on a country site or on a farm, of course, is quite profitable. In some cases, a broiler turkey can reach a weight of 25 kg. Growing such a bird is relatively easy. However, an entrepreneur who decided to organize a farm of such specialization, of course, must know and exactly comply with all the necessary technologies for keeping turkeys.
Where to begin?
A successful farm for breeding turkeys will, of course, be only if the farmer initially succeeds in acquiring good healthy young animals. Of course, the chicks can be bred and independently - in the incubator. However, experts still advise newcomers when organizing a farm to purchase at the poultry farm not eggs, but youngsters. In this case, it is better not to buy daily turkey poults, but to raise new ones - two weeks or monthly. Such chicks are already warm enough and are immune to many diseases. And, therefore, lunge in the herd will not be too big.
The best breeds of broiler turkeys
Buying chicks, you should pay attention not only to their age. Successful organized farm will only be subject to the correct choice of turkey breed. The selection of this bird in our country and abroad is carried out quite actively. There are a lot of broiler breeds of turkeys. In this case, the most popular among farmers today are:
B yay wide-breasted.
White broiler turkeys B IG can reach a weight of 22-25 kg. At the same time they gain muscle mass rather quickly. Such bird reaches slaughter weight already at the age of 90 days. Plumage from BIG pure white. Only on the chest there is a small black spot.
The wagon was bred by our country breeders. Because this bird is very well adapted to the climatic conditions of Russia. By the time of slaughter, such hybrids can reach a weight of 18 kg.
Crosses X idon were bred in the Netherlands. The weight of a broiler turkey e this breed can reach up to 20 kg. Such a hybrid body mass gains quickly. But he has one major drawback. In young stock, unfortunately, there is usually a very big lunge.
White wide-breasted turkey reaches a weight of 20-25 kg. The advantages of this breed include primarily the high taste of meat. The disadvantage of this cross is the whimsical content and the propensity to disease.
Building a house
How should broiler turkeys be kept on the farm? Cultivation at home of this bird is, by the way, of course, only in the most suitable and convenient room for it. The shed in any case must exactly meet all the necessary requirements. In the turkey bass it is mandatory to provide:
Naturally, among other things, the house should be properly equipped. It should be equipped with perches, nests, feeders and drinkers. It is recommended to make the floor in the turkey brook solid. Above ground level, it should be raised by about 20-25 centimeters. A thick bed of straw should be placed on top of the floor. Feeders for turkeys should be mounted on the wall at the level of the back of a bird. This will prevent the scattering and trampling of feed, and, therefore, will save the farmer from unnecessary costs. Drinkers in the shed are usually placed at the level of the turkeys neck.
The windows in the house are placed in such a way that during the day the floors in it will be covered over the whole area. Ventilation in the turkey complement the valve. This allows you to avoid overcooling birds in the winter time. Broiler turkey, in comparison with the usual one, according to most farmers, is a rather tender animal and does not have very good health.
Turkey feeding rules
The diet of broiler birds, of course, should be as balanced and high-calorie as possible. Only in this case will the turkeys gain weight quickly. 70% of the diet of the bird should be food containing a large amount of protein. This may be, for example, cereals or legumes. Especially turkeys are often given oats and buckwheat. Mandatory feed this bird and cake. It is believed that wheat germ is very useful for such agricultural animals.
The mineral and vitamin balance with the body of a bird such as broiler turkey, farmers usually support with meat and bone meal and fish oil. Of course, you should feed the livestock and green fodder. In the summertime, the birds are given cut grass, carrot and radish tops, lettuce and cabbage leaves. In winter, turkeys should get silage and spruce needles.
What rules must be followed when keeping turkeys without fail
In order for the bird to feel as comfortable as possible in the barn and not to be ill, the homeowner should take care of the following conditions:
nests in the barn should be placed in dark places,
perches are set at a height of about 70 cm from the floor level,
in the house should be installed pots with ash,
troughs and feeders should be cleaned regularly,
Broilers should be kept separate from any other agricultural poultry.
Before the barn for turkeys, it is advisable to take a walk. But letting a bird out on the street for the whole day is, of course, not worth it. Otherwise, the turkeys will not gain proper weight.
Many farmers are also interested in ways to increase the number of birds in the farm, such as broiler turkeys. Breeding of this living creatures is a relatively difficult matter. By the way, and in chickens, the offspring of turkey sneakers, unfortunately, does not adopt the high productive qualities of their parents. It is possible to get good young from the eggs laid by the bird only if it is not a hybrid, but refers to some good meat breed.
In principle, it is quite possible to get the chickens of the cross-broiler chickens in the incubator. But in this case, the eggs will have to buy at the poultry farm. They cost, of course, cheaper turkeys. But it is quite difficult to breed chicks out of them without loss without proper experience.
Incubated turkey eggs should be in strict compliance with the prescribed temperature and humidity conditions. The offspring of this bird is born about 26-29 days after being laid into the apparatus. Actually the incubation of turkey eggs itself is divided into four main periods. From the first to the eighth day, the temperature inside the device should be 37.5-38 degrees, and humidity - 60-65%. Turn the eggs at this time at least six times a day.
The temperature and humidity parameters for the remaining three periods can be viewed in the table below.
The body of broilers is massive, muscular, impressive strong beak with a red appendage. Birds run fast, developed wings allow you to fly over three-meter fences. They reach speeds of up to 50 km / h.
Farmers consider turkey broiler breeds to be selective eaters requiring specific housing conditions.
There are a number of nuances, recommendations that have a productive impact on the development of turkey poults, maintaining the health of the whole brood. Spent forces pay off in a short time, due to the high growth rate of broilers.
Conditions of broiler turkeys
It is advisable to keep small broiler turkey poults in a specially equipped house.
- comfortable temperature conditions
- dry cell
- unlimited free access to water
- the presence of ventilated air.
The warm season is a great time to start growing broiler turkey poults at home, providing an opportunity to walk the young in the yard. The cages are wide: turkeys require large spaces.
Grown up grown up individuals let out on a poultry yard to eat kilograms. Broiler turkeys are home-bred birds. Some breeds are actively grown by large agricultural enterprises.
External characteristics and distinctive qualities
Broiler turkeys are gigantic in size. The weight of adult males is 20–30 kg. Females grow much smaller in size: twice as light as male individuals.
The main purpose of growing broiler turkeys is to produce high quality meat. Egg production is an important indicator, however, not the main one. The onset of egg laying, the mass, the number of eggs produced depends exclusively on the breed of broiler turkeys.
Now let's talk about how to feed broiler turkeys at home. Adults recommended to feed 4 times a day. Broilers always need open access to the feeder, otherwise there will be a shortage of mass. Preferably compliance with the diet. Inconsistent choice of hours of feeding leads to malnutrition. Attacks of hunger are accompanied by irritability, aggressive behavior of birds.
The key to successful breeding of healthy fed-up turkeys is an individual approach to the choice of methods for keeping a certain breed. There are three main types of broiler turkeys.
- Light breeds. Do not exceed 15 kg. Males weigh less than females - about 10 kg one carcass. Disease-resistant strong individuals, females have high rates of egg production. These include Norfolk, bestvilskuyu, white Dutch breed.
- Medium-sized broilers. Highly productive individuals weighing 16 kg. This includes Moscow and North Caucasian turkeys.
- The largest breed. The most popular type of broilers. The weight of adult males reaches 30 kg. Females grow twice less - 12 kg. The classification refers to the wide-chested Canadian whites, Canadian bronze, big 6.
You will also be interested to know about:
Many farmers are free to choose among the crossed breeds of local turkeys. They are more hardy. Hybrid broilers rarely exceed a weight threshold of 10 kg.
The most highly productive and sought-after household farms are heavy breeds:
- Canadian broiler wide-breasted. The breed is bred by careful selection. Eat almost all types of feed. The diet should contain various prikormki, vitamin complexes. Weight gain is fast. A month and a half later, the chicks reach 5 kg. After another one and a half, they are ready for slaughter for meat. The egg-laying of females begins at nine months, the number of eggs laid per year reaches 200 pieces.
How to feed turkeys and broiler turkeys at home
Feeding broiler turkey poults at home must necessarily be a special feed, for example, zero. It contains all the necessary nutrients. After 14 days begins a smooth transition to the mixture for the young chicks.
Two weeks later, crushed oats and wheat are gradually added to the usual feed. Improve the work of the intestine will allow river sand, crushed shells, chalk. Sometimes you can pamper chicks with a hodgepodge of yogurt, boiled potatoes and bran. It is necessary to chop everything thoroughly before serving the turkeys - large pieces of food can clog the airways and the bird will die.
From the age of three months, the diet of broiler turkeys should consist of the following types of grain:
Adults along with small broilers need to eat a lot of different greens - onions, nettles, carrot tops, beetroot, cabbage leaves. Any vegetable will do.
Features breeding and cultivation
Newly hatched turkeys are kept in a pre-warmed room. It is important to observe the temperature regime for the first 2 weeks (22–25 degrees Celsius). Chick health depends on maintaining a comfortable environment. Feeders should be established, excluding the occurrence of accuracy among the chicks, otherwise the weak individuals will be malnourished or simply trampled.
Clean water is an important part of proper broiler brood care.. Suitable vacuum and nipple drinkers.
The house should be ventilated. On the street content of turkeys transferred after 2 weeks. Now you know about the breeding and maintenance of broiler turkeys at home.
Adult turkey with turkey poults on the farm
Pros and cons of growing
Growing turkeys has positive and negative sides. Should consider them in more detail.
- homemade turkey meat ecologically clean, contains a huge amount of beneficial vitamins and minerals, is famous for its low fat content, is dietary,
- broiler turkey eggs have high nutritional value and high taste,
- breeding for sale pays off quickly. Meat is considered more rare, costs more,
- seasoned breeders know: breeding and further sale of turkey products is practically waste-free. You can sell feathers, down, eggs, meat, chicks of any age.
- special conditions of young stock, high risk of mortality,
- juveniles require keeping far from other poultry due to possible diseases, chicks are shy,
- prone to obesity, for the prevention should be given more greens.
The Internet is replete with forums dedicated to broiler turkey breeding. Statistics show: business is very profitable, the cost of feed pays off by selling two out of ten turkeys.
Our family has been raising turkeys for over two years. For the first time they took ten turkey poults to try, whether the case would go - not one was sick. For two months they were fed special Provimi turkey feed, and later PK-4 broiler feed. Having decided to start breeding, a number of doubts immediately arose. But we managed, not how much regretting! A year later, 35 chicks were taken immediately, only one died a day later. The bottom line: the broilers have grown huge!
You have to take it easy, it's worth all the effort. The main advantage of broilers is a lot of meat! After the turkeys, the chickens seemed like pigeons. I really liked them to breed. One bird weighed 15–17 kg. Enough to feed the family, and can sell immediately.
Some farmers have experimented with alternating feeds intended for other types of poultry, such as chicken mixtures. Monthly broilers grew healthy, reaching 25 kg of weight.
Economic managers practicing broiler breeding are convinced: recommendatory methods of maintenance do not require strict observance, the bird is hardy and unpretentious. A brood of large healthy birds really get, putting some effort. Years of experience with the peculiarities, nuances of broiler turkey content convinced the breeders - the work is really worth the effort.
Daily turkey poults - care
Someone raising broiler turkeys starts with collecting eggs for an incubator, but many buy ready-made chickens. Both categories of farmers face the challenges of caring for the smallest turkey hens, who are threatened with many diseases. It is in the first days of turkey poults that receive impetus and energy for further development, therefore it is very important to properly care for newly hatched chicks.
The most important thing in caring for daily turkey poults is, perhaps, maintaining the optimal temperature for them. If other birds in such a small age immediately have thermoregulation, then the body of newly-emerged turkey poults does not support this function. Therefore, it is very important to ensure that the kids feel comfortable. In the place where the chicks are identified, you need to put a thermometer and regularly monitor the behavior of chicks - this is the most reliable indicator of good conditions for their housing.
Maintaining the temperature in the first days of turkey poults existence (degrees C):
- 1-7 days - 33-35,
- 8-14 day - 28-33,
- 15-22 days - 22-30,
- 23-30 days - 20-30.
- Behavior of poults as an indicator of their health and good content
If the chicks are cold, they try to warm themselves, nestling closer to each other. The first indicator of low temperature is therefore the clumping of babies. A bad signal can be a constant squeak - when the kids feel comfortable, they are more silent. If you notice that the chicks have their beaks open, and they breathe heavily and often - this is a sign of too high a temperature. The kids are hot, and you need to cool their "room" a little.
The first days of the chicks are at around the clock coverage. In the dark, they are frightened, often cling to each other, may be injured. In addition, by the light of turkey poults always have access to water and food. Opinions are somewhat divergent about the timing of round-the-clock coverage. Some poultry farmers advised to maintain such a light regime for the first month and a half. Others believe that already from the third day you need to gradually reduce the lighting time by about half an hour every day. And already after 20 days it is enough that the box is lit 15 hours a day, for example, from 7 am to 9 pm.
In general, such content is considered ideal if:
- the bird quietly walks through its territory and is engaged in itself,
- each chick is sleeping separately or in several individuals in a group,
- there is no loud squeak, instead of it there is a calm “roaring”.
Все это вместе означает, что птенцы чувствуют себя хорошо, довольны жизнью и нормально развиваются.
Наиболее простой и доступный выход – обыкновенная картонная коробка. Если места много, можно скрепить вместе несколько коробок – чем больше будет пространства для птенцов, тем меньше они будут подвержены болезням. Примерная площадь для 10 особей – коробка 1 х 1 кв.м. Высота бортиков – 30-40 см. Ideally, if this is a special brooder with an infrared lamp and bunker trough. But an ordinary table lamp with an incandescent lamp will do.
Brooder is more convenient because it has a heating regulator and allows you to maintain a given temperature. But if the area of the box allows, the turkey poults themselves are looking for a place in which they feel most comfortable, which is why a regular box with an incandescent lamp can be quite convenient. In the brooder, in addition, mesh floor, which is easier to maintain cleanliness. However, many poultry farmers adapted in this sense to the boxes.
- What lay bedding for chicks?
It is very important that the floor is always dry and warm. In a brooder with this, there are no problems; in the box, however, litter must be changed frequently. As the latter, you can take the old (clean!) Rags. It is better to arrange the floor like this: put a layer of oilcloth on the bottom of the box, then a newspaper in 2-3 layers, then already clean diapers (burlap or other cotton cloth).
- How to feed and water daily turkey poults?
On the first day turkeys are not eaten, but they should have fresh, preferably boiled, water. For the prevention of chicks, antibacterial drugs are added to the water for the first 5 days. This may be “Polytril” - a special veterinary drug, a solution of polyfloxacin. The chicks are given according to the instructions, dissolving 0.5 ml of the drug in one liter of water. Some prefer Biovit, a biostimulant containing both antibiotics and vitamins. The poultry farmers speak well of the Bulgarian drug "Formazin", which is also added to the water at the rate of 1 g per liter of water. Experienced poultry farmers also recommend adding 500 mg of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and 1 tbsp to a liter of water. spoon of sugar.
Since the first 2-3 days of turkey poults do not see well and are not very well oriented in space, it would not be superfluous to give them a trough in the form of a white plate. For the chicks, the white color will serve as a guide when they start to look for food. The number of feeders and drinkers should be such that the poults do not push around them.
Feeders and drinkers are easily made from plastic bottles, which are cut in half along with and attached to the wall of the box. To turkeys quickly found them, you can glue them with white paper.
Daily chicks up to 10 days are fed 8-9 times a day. At the age of one month, the number of feedings is reduced to 6, in 2 months 4 feedings remain. The number of feedings is reduced gradually, teaching the chicks to feed at certain hours.
What to feed turkey poults?
From the first days of the chicks should receive a balanced feed. It is recommended to start feeding the babies with a boiled egg, finely chopped or rubbed through a grater. You can add boiled chopped carrots, green onions and garlic to the egg (some even give white garlic and claim that turkeys eat it with pleasure and feel great), nettle greens. Some poultry farmers for the first feedings mix the egg with cornmeal or chopped oat and wheat cereal in a 4: 1 ratio (4 parts of egg for 1 part of cereal). On the second day, you can increase part of the cereal to a ratio of 1: 3. Next (from the third day) prepare mash.
Its approximate content in percent:
- wheat or corn flour - 68,
- crushed wheat bran - 10,
- cottage cheese - 10,
- boiled eggs - 10,
- chalk, shell - 2.
The mixer must be moist but crumbly. If it turned out to be dryish, you can add a little kefir or yoghurt, for an hour the croup or flour will swell and become wet, but not wet and sticky. Many people recommend, in addition to water, to provide chicks with yogurt in a separate drinking bowl in unlimited quantities.
There is an opinion that daily turkey poults cannot be fed from a solid plate, but a soft cloth should be used instead. Allegedly, the chicks may die due to the fact that they fill their heads. Practice shows that this statement is unfounded.
To the above composition add greens in a 1: 1 ratio. Over time, the amount of greenery increases. Alfalfa, clover, nettles can be added to any feeding, sharper green herbs like onions or garlic, it is better to add only during the day. If they are added to the evening feeding, the chicks do not sleep well, they become restless - they are tormented by thirst.
The digestive apparatus has some peculiarities that need to be considered when feeding. Daily turkey poults have intestines more than in adult birds (relative to their own weight). This means that food is longer in the digestive tract. If stale food gets there, pathogenic bacteria are more likely to develop in the intestines before the chicks have time to digest everything. From here poisonings up to obstruction of the intestines and a case at the very early age. You can not feed the baby and feed with a high content of fiber (hay, straw, etc.), it can also cause intestinal blockage.
The approximate composition of the diet for turkey poults after 10 days:
- corn flour 30%,
- wheat bran - 20%,
- oatmeal - 30%,
- cottage cheese - 17%,
- bone meal - 1%,
- ground chalk - 2%,
- salt - a pinch.
From these products and sour milk they prepare a mash, to which fresh greens are added in an amount equal to that obtained in a mash. Mineral feed (chalk, bone meal and shell) begin to add from 4 days of age. It is possible for them to adapt a separate feeder and put some small gravel there.
Approximate daily ration for 10 turkey poults (in grams) - table
Feed must always be freshly prepared. Chicks turkeys are much more demanding for care than chickens. They are easier frightened, crowded, do not like and are not accustomed to a new food, quickly catch cold. To teach the poults to the trough and drinking bowl, you can sprinkle water and feed with fresh chopped greens, which attract the kids with their smell. Water should be at room temperature, drinkers - such that they could not tread on them, but they drank easily.
It is advisable to wash drinkers and feeders as often as possible so that the remnants of food and dirty water do not have time to accumulate bacteria that cause disease and death of young animals. The most dangerous disease of small turkey poults is enterohepatitis, which is most often caused by poor maintenance of cleanliness in the bunker with chicks.
What if turkeys are sick?
Healthy chicks are cheerful and cheerful in the morning, they jump and frolic, they eat well, the goiter is empty after sleep, and in the evening it is normally full. Litter has a grayish color, sometimes with a white patina, may have a brown tint and a slightly watery texture. This suggests excess protein in feed.
If the litter is completely liquid, and even with streaks of blood - the turkey is clearly ill. In this case, first of all, it is necessary to separate the chick from the others as soon as possible (for this, it is immediately tagged so as not to be confused with the others). Next, give chloramphenicol (1/8 part of the tablet) or sulfadimezin in the same dose, or metranidazole (1/4 of the tablet). The drugs are given once a day, adding to the treatment instead of water a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is better to abstain from food for about a day. Often in this mode, the chick is healthy after three days.
The most common diseases of chicks - colibacteriosis, coccidosis, mycoplasmosis, salmonellosis, toxicosis, vitamin deficiency. You need to understand that the corresponding pathogenic bacteria are everywhere, it is impossible to create sterile conditions, and not necessary. The main thing is not to create these bacteria "all the amenities" for reproduction. That is, the body of chicks should be able to fight them. As soon as the kids overheat or overcool, lose some nutrients or end up in wet conditions (wet litter), or simply get very scared (stress), the infection immediately invades their bodies.
Since only a veterinarian can usually make an accurate diagnosis, the only thing the owner can do and the sooner the better, is to feed the chick with an antibiotic. The above drugs are time tested and are inexpensive, which, of course, is important. But modern veterinary pharmacology also offers a number of new-generation drugs, such as Kolifloks, Dietrim, Baytril, Enrostin. Each of these agents is active in relation to several pathogens, which increases the chances for successful recovery of chicks.
In addition to antibiotics, it is recommended to give drugs to the sick chicks that increase the body's defenses. To improve immunity, probiotics, vitamins (Chiktonik), drug ASD 2 fraction are recommended.
Broiler turkeys often have crooked legs because they grow too fast and gain weight. It is impossible to cure this defect - the chick may well grow, but it will still lag behind the confreres. If you notice a similar defect in one chick, you need to immediately save all the livestock. For this purpose, vitamin D and calcium (eggshells, chalk, limestone) are added to birds.
It is not easy to raise turkey poults, they require tireless care and attention. But with due diligence and consideration of all recommendations, in a few months you will have an excellent healthy turkey population that will provide you with a delicious dietary meat for a long time.
Broiler Turkey Breeds
Currently there are about a dozen types of boiler turkeys. On the basis of broiler turkeys bred in North America, crosses adapted to live in local climatic conditions were bred in different regions. Broiler turkeys may have a plumage of white, blue, silver, bronze and black color. The most common types of broiler turkeys include:
- White wide-breasted,
- BIG 6,
- BIG 9,
- BYuT 8,
- Moscow white.
All existing types of broiler turkeys by their weight are divided into three groups: light, medium and heavy.
Most popular breeds
The most widespread type of broiler turkeys in the world is BIG 6. It is well known in Russia and is actively used for growing in households and farms. No less popular with Russian farmers are such breeds as the White wide-chested, Moscow bronze and Canadian wide-chested turkeys.
If you look from the side at the usual and broiler turkeys, it will be difficult to outwardly distinguish them by size. Despite this, the weight of broiler turkey is much more than usual. This is explained by the fact that broilers have a large muscle mass. Each breed of broiler turkeys has its own distinctive features.
Broilers can easily distinguish the female from the male in size. Turkeys are much more turkeys.
The main direction of broiler breeding is meat. The average meat yield in turkeys of this type is 80%. Many of them are excellent laying hens. The main advantage of broilers - precocity. Birds very quickly gain weight, suitable for slaughter. Fattening is done up to 3-4 months. Its further content does not make sense.
Already at 4 months in turkeys growth is sharply slowing. The large mass of the bird causes it to fall to its feet and cannot move. Such a turkey or turkey can become a victim of other individuals that begin to peck at their fellow tribesman. Each broiler turkey breed has its own productivity indicators.
On average, 3.4 kg of feed per 1 kg of live weight is spent on fattening broiler turkeys.
Main characteristics of broiler turkey meat
From broiler turkeys get white and red meat. Their consumer properties depend on the composition, which largely depends on what they feed the bird and in what conditions it is kept. Meat output in turkeys of various breeds ranges from 81 to 85%, in turkeys - from 82 to 84%. By dietary properties turkey favorably with other types of poultry meat.
The main advantage of the product is the presence of a large number of amino acids and vitamins. Vitamin A and E are more present in meat. Turkey has the lowest cholesterol. Important elements of the chemical composition of the product are calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron and other elements. Turkey has a specific flavor. The physical and chemical properties of meat depend on the thickness of the muscle fibers.
For incubation, turkey eggs of the same size are selected. Until the incubation of the eggs should not be stored no more than 10 days at a temperature of not less than +12 degrees and humidity up to 80%. You need to choose eggs with a clean shell that does not have chips, cracks and growths. Before laying eggs in the incubator it is heated for 1-2 days. The eggshell is treated with a special disinfectant solution. The simplest composition is made from water and potassium permanganate.
Incubation of turkey eggs is 28 days.. The incubation period is divided into stages, each of which has its own temperature and humidity regimes.
Turkey Meat Breeds
Breeds and crosses of turkeys, which quickly grow in mass, are called meat. Just such birds are convenient to breed at home. For several months from each turkey you can get up to 30 kg of live weight. Consider separately some meat breeds and their features.
Breeds and crosses of turkeys, which quickly grow in mass, are called meat.
The breed, which originated on the basis of bronze turkeys, is distinguished by a rapid weight gain. Its main positive feature is good walking abilities, unlike pure bronze birds. The Moscow bronze breed is not very popular, as its dimensions are moderate. Males rarely grow larger than 11–12 kg.
Canadian wide-breasted breed
One of the largest breeds - reaches 20-25 kg by weight. The only problem with this breed is its thermophilia and sensitivity to dampness and cold. Such birds are difficult to breed in the northern regions. But in the middle lane, Canadian turkeys are well grown for meat, giving the opportunity for a season to get a large carcass of dietary meat.
White wide breasted
Direct relatives of the Canadian wide-chested breed, but differ in slightly smaller sizes. White wide-breasted breed today is one of the most popular in terms of poultry farms. When keeping this bird in the household yard, problems may arise with the walking distance. Due to the large mass of these turkeys are clumsy and not too fond of grazing.
White wide-breasted turkeys are large and cumbersome birds.
Conditions of care and maintenance of broiler turkeys
Before starting broiler turkey breeding, prepare for new birds. Large sizes will require a larger, than for hens, poultry houses with stronger roosts. A feature of almost all breeds is susceptibility of poults to colds. Therefore, chicks should be kept in a warm room with the exception of drafts.
The paddock is necessarily fenced off by a high fence. Adult birds are too heavy for migration, but young turkeys easily climb the fence. This is assisted by various buildings or trees, which are a “stepping stone” on the way to the fence.
Small poults are kept in warm rooms without drafts.
Feeding and eating at home
Since the first days of turkey poults, their diet should be high in calories and balanced. Often the chicks have a problem with pecking: then you can add a chicken to them, which will serve as a kind of "teacher." Some farmers advise to offer food on a contrasting cloth: for example, yolk on white or white on black. Additionally, you can tap the stern with a pencil, attracting the attention of chicks.
Turkey poults are given:
- cottage cheese,
- starter feed for turkey poults or broilers,
All offered finely chopped, up to 6-7 times a day. Further, turkeys are transferred to three meals a day. Be sure to balance the feed on the content of protein and calcium. A large turkey carcass will always need these elements.
Approximate diet turkeys, depending on age: