Decorative rabbits are smart and loyal. Ears can be taught to the team "Fu!" And "To me!". They do not bring slippers, but respond to their name. Quickly get used to the owner and very bored when they are alone or with strangers. Fluffy kids need love and proper care, otherwise they often get sick and die early.
Ornamental rabbits are bought at a pet store or from breeders. Choose a healthy animal with thick and shiny coat, clean eyes and nose. The pet must be mobile and react to sounds, touches. If the rabbit looks battered and tired, constantly sits in one corner or lies, it means that he is sick.
A new family member is immediately taken to the vet to trim the claws. The first procedure is carried out by the doctor, because in the nails of the rabbit there are many blood vessels that are easily touched. A professional will show how to properly use tweezers for a manicure so as not to provoke bleeding.
The rabbit is vaccinated, the ears are cleaned and the eyes are washed. Treat pet from worms and lice. A clean and vaccinated baby is brought home, introduced to his new cage and waiting for him to adapt.
Spacious and comfortable
Rabbits need space to jump and run. Pets who live in cramped kennel and do not move much, bones become thinner, and joints become fragile and weak. The cage should be 4-6 times bigger than a rabbit. Recommend options with a plastic pallet. Rabbits constantly get stuck in the bottom of the lattice and cling to it with claws.
If the pan is too slippery, it is covered with a rubber or fabric mat. A layer of straw or sawdust is poured on top. Rabbits do not tolerate harsh aromas, so the filler should be odorless.
In the corner of the cage a small house is installed, because eared animals are used to sleeping in burrows. Suitable wooden version or cardboard, upholstered with a cloth. Inside put a soft rug or sawdust.
Rabbits neat. They do not defecate next to the trough or water bowl and quickly master the cat tray. A plastic pallet is installed opposite the house and the filler is regularly changed. Pet will not go to the dirty toilet.
Decorative rabbits have a sensitive and tender stomach, so food should not be thrown on the bedding. The bowl should be large and heavy, preferably ceramic. Eared pets love to make noise. They raise the dishes with their teeth, knocking plates on the floor or iron bars. The drinker is attached to the cage so that the rabbit does not overturn it. Automatic varieties that serve water in portions are recommended.
In a large apartment for an animal, a special aviary or a high-walled corral is installed so that the pet can walk and frolic. Rabbits will love the wheel for running, old rags and balls with bells.
Eared animals constantly gnaw something, even if they have recently eaten, therefore the pet should have a thick cherry or pear branch. Another fruit tree will also work, as well as an acacia or maple tree. It is forbidden to give spruce or pine blanks, in which a lot of resin.
Rabbits are not as bold and gullible as puppies or kittens. A new family member will stay in their hole for at least 3-4 days until they get used to the surrounding smells and sounds. During this period, you need to treat your baby with dry food and hay or grass, regularly change water, make sure that other pets do not come to the cage.
Eared pet can not be ironed while he eats or drinks, otherwise the pet will be greatly frightened and refuse food. The rabbit will quickly get used to the owner, if you constantly talk to him. To tell something in a quiet gentle voice.
When the animal stops being afraid and comes out of the house, they offer it a treat and give it a sniff to learn to recognize the smell of the host. Constantly repeat the nickname so that the rabbit understands his name.
At first, the child is taught to touch, and when he stops shuddering and pressing his ears from each stroking, they try to take him in his arms. You can not insist if the pet is pulled out and resists. Rabbit bones are fragile. It is very easy to break the baby's foot or spine, if you squeeze it too much or miss it on the floor.
Walking around the apartment
Rabbit accustomed and now asking for the will? Eared pets should walk around the apartment only under the supervision of the owner. First, they hide all electrical appliances and wires, remove dangerous and toxic objects from the floor, and then release the animal from the cage.
You can not leave the rabbit alone and go to work or to the store. Kids and teens love to jump on sofas, armchairs, chairs. They can lose their balance and fall or land badly, breaking their ribs or paw.
Eared pets gnaw furniture and shoes, eat wallpaper and carpets. Pile or paper clogs the stomach of the animal, causing indigestion. You have to wash your intestines yourself or go to the vet.
You need to watch the rabbit if there are other animals in the house. The kids, frightened by a dog or cat, can hide under the closet and get stuck, hit the wall and get hurt.
Eared pets cleanly, so they regularly lick and wash. They are always neat and smell good.
It is impossible to bathe rabbits. Pet's coat is covered with a protective layer of fat, which is responsible for the thickness and shine of the villi. If you constantly flush the sebum, the animal gets dandruff and irritation. Wool falls out, becomes dull.
Rabbits are bathed if they get very dirty after walking on the street. Pour warm water into a basin, add a little shampoo for cats or rodents. At the bottom of the tank put a towel or cloth made of cloth to make your pet comfortable.
Rinse baby 2-3 times with clean water to wash the shampoo residues. The rabbit is wrapped in a terry towel and waited for its skin to dry. A wet animal should not be let out into the street or into a room with open windows, because due to drafts it can catch a cold and die.
It is forbidden to dry your pet with a hairdryer. Buzzing appliance scares pet. He is experiencing tremendous stress, because of which he can get sick or refuse to eat. Hot air overdries the baby’s skin, so the coat becomes stiff, brittle and dull.
The eyes of the animal periodically rubbed with cotton swabs dipped in warm boiled water. Regularly inspect the auricles. If a lot of brown sulfur has accumulated inside, it is removed with gauze napkins and a weak solution of potassium permanganate or boric acid.
Long-haired Angora rabbits are trimmed to protect against heat stroke and tangles. The procedure is carried out every 2-3 months with special scissors or a machine.
Eared pets are regularly brushed with a soft brush to remove excess wool. When the animal licks and eats the fallen villi, they are not digested, but remain in the stomach, turning into a lump. A rabbit does not always succeed in burping him, so you have to give the baby drugs or take him to the vet. The hair also worsens digestion, leads to the development of gastrointestinal diseases.
Ordinary short-haired rabbits are combed three times a week, and during the molt period daily.
So that the apartment does not stink of rotten hay and feces, you need to regularly change the litter. If the rabbit uses a cat tray, the cage is cleaned every 2–3 days. Pet refuses to go to a special toilet? We'll have to throw out sawdust daily.
The cell tray is wiped with a damp cloth and odorless detergent. Concentrated flavors irritate rabbits and impair their sense of smell. Bowls for water and dry mixes are rinsed twice a day to prevent bacteria from growing in the dishes.
Rabbit health depends on its diet. In winter, a pet is given hay. It improves the digestion of the animal, cleans the intestines from swallowed wool. The correct fresh hay has a light green tint and aroma of dried grass.
In spring and summer, greens are given to eared pets:
- dandelion leaves and flowers,
Grass is harvested in the field. You can not feed the rabbit plants that grow near the highway. Greens must be dried. If an animal eats a sprig of yarrow, on which there were droplets of dew, its stomach will inflate.
Young individuals need protein and calcium for normal development of muscles and bones. The rabbit will receive protein from groats: buckwheat, oatmeal, barley. Wheat and barley grains, as well as fresh corn are rich in protein. A lot of calcium is contained in chalk. A piece of mineral is placed in a cage with a sprig of fruit tree so that the pet sharpens their teeth and replenishes their vitamins in the body. Give the rabbit feed or special mixtures intended for eared pets. The main thing is that they do not have dried fruits or nuts.
Adult animals are recommended vegetables and fruits:
- Chinese cabbage,
- cored apples
- Jerusalem artichoke.
The rabbit is given some grain or apples so that the food will not lie in the plate for a long time. Eared pets need distilled water. Mineral and carbonated is prohibited.
To prevent the rabbit from scattering hay all over the cage, special hanging balls or feeders are bought for dried grass. They are plastic and iron, attached to the bars.
Tip: Fluffy pets have fast digestion. A rabbit that has recently eaten cannot be picked up, otherwise it will be necessary to wash them from the remnants of the digested apple or wheat.
Planting in the tray
The owner, who is going to release the animal from the cage, should accustom him to the cat's toilet, so as not to have to wipe the puddles and sweep away the feces.
From the cage for a while the litter is removed from the straw. In the corner put a plastic pallet, which is filled with sawdust. As soon as the rabbit wants to defecate, it is lifted by the withers and transferred to the toilet. There are enough 3-4 lessons for young animals to understand what a cat's toilet is intended for.
If the rabbit walking around the apartment, made a puddle in the middle of the room, then it is wiped. A rag soaked in urine is put in a tray and a rabbit is brought in to sniff the cloth. You can not poke the animal nose, slap or shake.
How to pick up
The baby is forbidden to grab by the ears, otherwise the animal's hearing will deteriorate. In the hanging position the rabbit is breathing heavily. The pet has a quick heartbeat, he starts to panic and escape.
A fluffy pet is lifted with both hands, palms under the chest and stomach. If the animal breaks out, it is better to lower it to the floor. You can not grab the baby by the paws, squeeze the chest.
Rabbits, like cats, sleep during the day, and in the evening and at night they are awake, making noisy concerts. Animals knock their paws on the cage and throw up the dishes, roll the balls and run around in the wheel. How to calm the raging pet? Cover the cage with a thick blanket or towel, leaving a small hole for ventilation.
Rabbits do not tolerate heat and drafts. In the summer, so that the animal does not get a heat stroke, you need to trim a thick fur coat and put a bottle of frozen water near the house. The cage is covered with a wet towel.
Mature males and females may require a mating partner. During this period, pets become aggressive, rush to people and other animals. The owner has to buy a second pet and breed decorative rabbits. But it is easier to sterilize a pet when it is 8–9 months old.
Decorative rabbits are cute, but weak creatures. They get sick because of improper care and unbalanced nutrition. Eared pets need constant care and attention. If a person is not ready to spend time on combing wool, cutting claws and cleaning the cage, he is advised not to start a decorative rabbit.
What you need to know
If you want to settle such a pet in your home, you should first know what the main breeding directions are, what living conditions are required for the animal, how to care for it and how long it will live. The erroneous opinion that a dwarf ornamental rabbit will live only 3-4 years is not true and applies only to cases of poor pet care.
Home decorative rabbits
How many years live domestic rabbits, largely depends on their owners. With proper and caring attitude, these attractive quadrupeds live from 7 to 12 years, depending on the breed. For keeping in a small apartment, you should not choose a rabbit that belongs to a large decorative appearance, since it needs a lot of walking space, and it is optimal to give preference to miniature-sized animals with short hair, which will not remain everywhere. Also, it is much easier to care for short-haired animals, as they do not require daily combing.
Most decorative breeds were bred in the middle of the 20th century and its second half, when rabbits were perceived not only as farm animals. Mostly decorative rocks were obtained in Europe, and also quite a few species were bred in the USA. Most of the decorative breed rabbits were brought to Russia after the 90s.
The most popular among breeders are 5 types of ornamental rabbits, which are notable for their particularly attractive appearance and simplicity in keeping. However, one of them (gremlin), due to the peculiarities of the characters of the females, is recommended only for experienced breeders, unless, of course, you are planning to buy a male who does not cause problems.
The most common breed, weighing up to one and a half kilograms and shiny, pleasant to the touch wool, which in healthy animals shines like varnished. They, in the opinion of many, have the most decorative appearance. Lack of breed - character instability. Some individuals are very friendly and affectionate, while others show serious aggression towards the host and can cause serious injuries when carelessly handling them.
When buying a rabbit, it is necessary to choose an individual that does not show even the slightest aggression, but at the same time is active and inquisitive.
A breed of rabbits with an exquisite physique and very soft ivy wool. Color reminds beaver. The nature of the animal is particularly pleasant and friendly. The animal will be an excellent companion for the owner of any age.
An animal with an unusual appearance and ears downward, which, due to its massive head with prominent cheeks and forehead, resembles a ram. Lop-eared sheep more like a cute toy. The breed was bred by a Dutch breeder from large rabbits of rams intended for meat production.
Rabbit dwarf ram
This fold rabbit has a very attractive character. The animals are affectionate, affectionate, distinguished by their friendliness, not only in relation to a person, but also to pets, with whom contacts are easy to establish if they do not show aggression. The animals willingly play outdoor games, but they need to be monitored all the time so that they are not injured in the excitement.
Rabbits, characterized by extraordinarily long and soft wool, which requires constant competent care and daily combing. Otherwise, they are not whimsical. Their character is also unpredictable, as in color ones, even in young rabbits from one brood. Angora animal is not for beginners.
White short-haired rabbit, which because of the very thick hair can not tolerate heat. Females of animals differ in complex character with aggressive antics, because of what it is recommended to get them only to an experienced owner. Males are very calm and peaceful. They spend most of the day relaxing in various positions, which makes them less suitable for children. This is the best option for those who want to just watch the animal, but do not play outdoor games with it.
There are other types of ornamental rabbits, but they are found on sale much less frequently, which is why their popularity is not great. Mostly amateurs are interested in these rabbits, who are willing to spend a lot of time searching for the animal and pay a decent amount for it. Such breeds are of greater interest for breeding, and not simple content.
Subtleties of content
Each breed of rabbits has its own characteristics, which must be considered when keeping. However, there are general rules, the violation of which leads to the fact that pets start to hurt and die prematurely. You can not just bring the animal from the pet store and release in the house if there is no cage for rabbits. For a pet, it is imperative to equip a comfortable cage and prepare all the conditions. How to care for rabbits, you need to know in advance, it will prevent many problems that arise when illiterate animals.
First of all, we must note that overheating and drafts by the rabbit are not tolerated. The optimum temperature for them is from +18 to +20 degrees. Pets are not allowed to be wet or stagnant. Если замечено, что животное перегрелось, для восстановления у него хорошего состояния требуется протереть ему уши тканевой салфеткой, смоченной прохладной водой, что охладит всё тело, так как за теплообмен у кроликов отвечают уши, в которых проходит сразу несколько вен.
Cage for pets need to buy a size of 50 cm to 70 cm or more. Place it optimally on the floor away from the source of heat and direct sunlight. Cleaning in the cage is carried out daily, because otherwise the discharge of the animal will have an unpleasant odor.
Vaccinations for rabbits are mandatory, as they are subject to the same diseases as their large counterparts, and can get very sick if the pathogen is pathological brought on the soles of shoes, which happens quite often. A number of diseases are not curable, and the animal, if not vaccinated on time, dies.
Decorative rabbits are distinguished by their cleanliness, and in the cage they need to install a tray that needs to be washed daily. Dirty pet will not use and will begin to settle for a toilet next to the litter.
Whether ornamental rabbits in the house stink depends solely on the quality of their owner's care.
Rabbits for a walk
The animal requires regular walks around the apartment, without which it will fall ill from lack of movement. The minimum duration of a walk around the apartment is 30 minutes, and the optimum is 2 hours. A pet at this time must be closely monitored, as he willingly tries everything that gets him a tooth, not excluding wires, furniture and a bottle of detergent. It is impossible to close the cage while the animal is walking, as it should be able to immediately go home if necessary.
If mating of ornamental rabbits for breeding is not planned, males should be neutered at a young age, since this operation solves many problems with their health. It has also been observed that neutered males live significantly longer.
Feeding ornamental rabbits should be varied. The basis of the diet is grass or hay. Also give pets and special feed for dwarf rabbits. In addition, their menu should include:
- Branches cut from fruit trees in summer, and conifer branches in winter,
- Germinated grains.
Food and water in animals should be constantly. If the rabbit feeding bowl is empty in the morning, it will make a loud noise, forcing the owner to get out from under the blanket and feed him.
Rabbit Eating Fresh Grass
As a delicacy, homemade rabbits are allowed to give dried fruits and white bread crackers, which they gnaw with great eagerness. It is important to know exactly what decorative bunnies eat, so as not to feed the pets with the wrong food.
Water in the drinker is changed daily, and, if necessary, several times a day. It is better to give not boiled water, but well-settled raw.
How to choose
When buying a rabbit, it is necessary to choose the animal correctly so that no problems arise with it in the future. A healthy animal has no external defects, it is active and inquisitive, and also does not show aggression. In addition, it is unacceptable to buy an animal that does not have a pedigree and documents on vaccination and treatment from worms. It is necessary to choose rabbits at the age of one and a half months, since they already correspond to the exterior of the breed, and there will be no difficulties with how to distinguish the decorative rabbit from the usual one.
Choice of breed
Having decided to start a rabbit, you first need to decide on the breed. There are a lot of them and each has its own characteristics. Consider the popular breed of decorative rabbits:
- Foxes dwarf,
- Dwarf sheep,
- Pygmy Rex.
Angora rabbits - owners of a long and fluffy fur. There are several species of breed - Belgian, French, Australian and German Angora rabbits. The longest hair of the Belgians, it reaches a length of 8 cm. Fluffies have a playful and affectionate character.
The most miniature representative of the rabbit kingdom is the rabbit Hermelin. The body weight of an adult animal rarely exceeds 1.2 kg. His coat is thick, smooth, shiny, color is pure white. The pet's eyes may be blue or red. An excellent choice for families with children or single people.
Fox rabbits attract with their beautiful long orange hair. These are cute miniature animals with a sweet temper. If you are going to start such a rabbit in an apartment, you should be ready to constantly comb out its wool, otherwise it will appear on it that it will have to be trimmed.
Attention! In rare cases, fox rabbits show aggression.
The pygmy ram is a lop-eared representative of the rabbit kingdom. These animals are somewhat larger than the above breeds, their body mass reaches 1.8-2 kg, sometimes a little more. Dwarf ram - the owner of a beautiful short, but thick coat of different color. His ears reach a length of 28 cm. The character is calm, peace-loving. This breed is suitable for families with children.
Dwarf Rex is a short-haired animal. These animals are cute and funny, love affection. An ideal choice for those who do not have plenty of time for grooming.
It is necessary to approach the choice of a cage with all seriousness, after all in it the pet will spend the most part of the life. What you should pay attention to:
- The size. The dwelling of the decorative rabbit should be spacious - approximately 4-5 times the size of the pet itself. A tray, a hay crib, a food bowl, a sleeping hut are placed inside a good cage, with all this, there is free space for movement and pet games.
- The quality of materials. It is better to give preference to the cell made of metal with a fine lattice, it should not be painted. Plastic cells often contain harmful impurities, due to which the animal may develop allergies.
- Security. The rabbit dwelling should not have sharp details, otherwise the animal will be injured.
- Structural strength. The cage should last at least 3-4 years. Do not forget that the rabbits will gnaw the details of their homes.
- Floor. It is best to choose a cage with a smooth floor, and not with a lattice, otherwise the pet's gentle paws will suffer. Because of the grating on the floor in rabbits, a disease sometimes develops — Pododermatitis.
Council If the maintenance of several pets is supposed, then each of them should be provided with a separate dwelling. The joint content of two castrated males, rabbits from one litter or female and male is permissible.
Choice of place
Decorative rabbit in the apartment will feel comfortable if you choose the right place where to put the cage. Eared animals are afraid of cold, drafts and strong heat. In such conditions, they may die. In addition, animals are shy. This means that the cage should be installed in a secluded place where the pet will be calm.
Rabbit in a cage
Unsuitable cell spaces:
- Passage corridor where children run, strangers come in.
- Children bedroom. The child may develop allergies if in constant contact with the animal.
- Cold loggia. If the balcony is not insulated, the animal will be cold. The optimum temperature for keeping decorative rabbits is from +16 to +24 degrees.
You can put a cage in the living room, where the whole family is going for joint recreation and communication. Glazed and insulated loggia - a great choice. Nobody will disturb the rabbit there, but it is important to take care that the cage is not in a draft or in direct sunlight. Rabbit dwelling is better placed on a low stand or pedestal, and not on the floor.
Important! The cage must not be installed near the air conditioner or radiators.
In addition to housing, the rabbit will need other equipment that will help him feel comfortable. What items need to buy, deciding to start a decorative rabbit:
- Tray - one or more. One tray is installed inside the cage, others - in the apartment. The toilet must have high sides on three sides so that the filler does not spill out of it onto the floor. Choose a spacious tray to make it convenient for the rabbit to use it.
- Drinking bowl Pet shops sell automatic drinkers for rabbits. Their advantage is that they cannot be turned over, they are attached to the cage grid, and the water there remains fresh for a long time. The drinker can be made by hand from a plastic bottle.
- Nursery for hay. Ears of hay are included every day in the eared diet. The daily rate of consumption is a bun the size of a pet. It is placed in a special feeder. The stores sell nurseries that are attached to the cage or put on the floor. The first option is more convenient.
- Bowl for feed. Rabbits are mobile, but because the bowl is to choose a heavy, which is difficult to overturn. It is necessary to consider the option of feeders mounted on the wall of the cell.
- Carrying. A plastic carrier will certainly be needed by the pet owner if he needs to be taken to a veterinarian for examination or vaccination.
- Toys The decorative rabbit likes to spend time actively. Several toys should be placed in a cage, for example, a wheel or various devices - labyrinths, mats. The pet will love to play with them - nibble, run, disassemble, scratch.
- House for the rabbit. A pet should certainly have a secluded corner where he can hide from danger or just rest. A small house is placed in a cage.
How to care for a decorative rabbit?
Caring for a decorative rabbit in an apartment includes taking care of his health, including the condition of teeth, claws and wool. The animal must be provided with adequate nutrition. It is important to vaccinate against dangerous diseases in time, and show the rabbit to the veterinarian at the first symptoms of the illness.
In the decorative rabbit claws are constantly growing. They need to be trimmed with special nippers with a limiter every 3 weeks. This procedure will avoid injuries that the rabbit can inflict on itself and family members. To shorten the claws, it is necessary to enlist the help of someone from the household. Pet firmly hold, so he did not twitch. Otherwise, there is a high risk to touch the vessels that are at the base of the claws.
Attention! During trimming claws, you need to leave a length of about 2 mm in order not to injure the capillaries. If this happens by accident, the blood can be stopped using cotton wool soaked in hydrogen peroxide solution (3%).
If a decorative rabbit has very long hair, it needs to be brushed daily with a special brush. Otherwise, mats are formed, which is not so easy to get rid of.
During molting, which occurs in rabbits twice a year, you need to comb the wool as often as possible so that the pet, licking itself, does not have enough hair. This is dangerous, as it can lead to blockage of the digestive tract.
Attention! Rabbits do not know how to regurgitate wool like cats.
It is impossible to bathe a decorative pet, an exception is if chemicals that are hazardous to health fall on its wool. In other cases, the animal is allowed to wash partially.
In the pet's home, you must always maintain cleanliness, otherwise he will get sick. The litter is regularly changed, the remnants of food that the rabbit has not eaten are thrown away. Litter need to clean every day. The tray is completely washed every 3-5 days. Cell disinfection is carried out once a month or after a pet's illness.
It is especially important to monitor the feeding of the ornamental rabbit. He should receive mixed fodder, which contains all the substances necessary for the body and vitamins. Depending on age, an animal will need from 1 to 3 tablespoons of food.
In addition, hay should always be in the cage. It is not only useful for the digestive system, but also helps grind down teeth. In a small amount, you can treat the rabbit with green grass, slightly dried it in the air. Ushastik like:
Rabbit in dandelions
Vegetables should be present in the diet of the decorative rabbit. They are given a little, this food is an additional source of vitamins. You can treat your favorite fresh carrots, sugar beet, zucchini, cucumber from your garden bed, Jerusalem artichoke. Fruits offer decorative rabbits in limited quantities. You can give a piece of apple, banana without skin, strawberries, currants. A lot of cabbage can not be given - it contributes to increased gas formation.
Twig feed is also important for eared fish. Thanks to him, the animals grind their teeth. Maple, acacia, willow, currant bushes and raspberries are suitable as a treat for the rabbit.
Attention! An ornamental rabbit cannot be fed food from a person's table - meat, sausage, pasta, fresh bread and muffins, sweets, snacks, citrus fruits, red beets.
Decorative breed rabbits - owners of weak immunity. They are able to get sick and die even from fright. That is why one should be attentive to their health. What are they sick with:
- Infectious diseases. These include - pasteurellosis, myxomatosis, coccidiosis, rhinitis, ringworm, stomatitis.
- Parasitic diseases (invasive). These include worm infestations, psoroptosis (scabies), fleas.
- Non-contagious diseases. These include injuries, frostbite, cold, overheating, mastitis, poisoning, digestive problems, flatulence, poddermatit, eczema.
Consider the general signs of malaise, noticing that you need to contact a veterinarian:
- runny nose, sneezing,
- tearing, purulent discharge from the eyes, swollen eyelids,
- wet muzzle
- tooth gnash
- loss of appetite or refusal to eat or drink
- lack of feces or diarrhea,
- bumps on the body, head, spots on the skin.
- hair fall shreds, bald spots,
- depressed look
- disheveled untidy wool,
- rapid breathing.
Any of these symptoms may indicate a rabbit disease. You can not hesitate to find them, because these animals can die quickly.
Having decided to start a decorative rabbit, you should carefully weigh everything, because it requires a lot of attention. It is important to monitor the cleanliness of the cage, provide it with good nutrition, care for its hair and claws, and treat it when it detects a disease. All this requires not only time, but also certain material costs.
Decorative rabbits were specially bred for housing in apartments and houses. Cute and fluffy creatures are able to please anyone. It is recommended to acquire a pet in special nurseries or from breeders. In pet stores and even more so in the markets do not comply with all the conditions that are necessary for a healthy lifestyle of animals. And therefore you will never have a guarantee that you will get a healthy rabbit. By the way, at the time of purchase, you can receive first-hand all the necessary recommendations for keeping a pet. And also by all means learn, than to feed rabbits in house conditions. More professional opinion than the breeder, no one will give you. Having come to the pet store, you can hardly find out from the seller everything you need. Indeed, professionals do not always work in such places. Often these are simple implementers who themselves have never worked on pets.
Also ask the breeder what conditions you need to create a pet, what are the features of the breed that you have chosen. Be sure to check the future pet's pedigree.
What breed to choose?
The first question of novice breeders: what breeds of rabbits at home can you keep? There are special ornamental species, among which sheep (lop-eared rabbits) and dwarf are the most popular. You can recommend Angora lions, dwarf lions. Incredibly attractive animals with long hair. But it is worth remembering that they will have to regularly comb. Before you get a representative of a particular breed, you need to study the relevant literature in order to have at least some idea of the necessary care. Will you be able to spend time with your pet and deal with it? Failure to follow basic care rules may result in your pet getting sick. Do not forget that the responsibility for proper maintenance and feeding falls on you. In general, care is easy, but you should know all the nuances.
Many breeders recommend taking a short-haired animal, if you first get a rabbit. Suitable, for example, a lop-eared ram. This breed is very devoted to its owners. Animals live long and do not spoil the furniture in the apartment, behave quietly and quietly. The average lifespan of ornamental rabbits is 12 years.
Rex and Angora dwarf rabbits are no less good. But the germeline beginners should not be started, because such pets have a difficult character. Without experience, it will be difficult to cope with them.
Main principles of content
The maintenance of a furry pet will require some knowledge from you. First of all, you need to know in advance all the nuances of the content and, of course, what to feed the rabbit at home. This information is recommended to be gathered from several sources. Do not rely on the opinion of friends and neighbors, because they can make mistakes, and you will repeat them.
The first thing to do is to buy a cage and everything you need for it. Do not be surprised. Indeed, for the rabbits, they first acquire a home for living, and only then the pet itself.
Ornamental rocks tolerate overheating very poorly. They are contraindicated in direct sunlight and stuffiness. Animals are adversely affected by excessive levels of hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, carbon dioxide in the environment. Также нежелательны сквозняки, сырость и повышенная влажность. Кролики совершенно не потеют. Наиболее приемлемая для них температура – это +18. +20 градусов. Теплообмен у животных происходит через вены в ушках.
If you notice that the pet reacts badly to the heat, wipe its ears with a wet rag. The cage itself can be covered with a wet towel. You can also put an ice bottle in it.
Houses contain such fluffy need only in the cells. Pets are very timid and have an incredibly fragile spine. How much rabbits live at home, directly depends on the quality of care and maintenance. If you take a pet in your arms, you need to hold it tight. If the rabbit fails to jump from a certain height, it may well die.
In addition, it is worth remembering that decorative individuals do not need to communicate with dogs and cats. After all, they can begin to chase the animal, which is harmful such races. In addition, breeders do not recommend rabbits for families with very young children. After all, sociable kids will certainly start playing with a fluffy bunny. Such games of kids can not do without dragging pets for the skin or ears. Such stress for rabbits is dangerous and can result in the appearance of the disease.
Ornamental breeds are extremely marginal. From the slightest draft, they can catch a cold, and from stuffiness - just die. Your pet's cage should never be set in the sun.
Pet tend to make noise at night. In the morning it is always necessary to check whether the feeder for rabbits, trays for hay and water are well secured. If such accessories are poorly fixed, the animal will play with them, scattering hay and grain.
The bedding should always be dry. This is one of the basic rules that should be followed. Sawdust or straw can be used as a floor mat. It is changed at least three times a week. Very often, the appearance of gastric problems is associated with a wet and dirty litter.
Fluffy pets are incredible cleaners. You will have to clean the rabbit feeder daily and wash the tray. The animal will not go to the dirty place in the toilet. It will simply find a new, cleaner place nearby.
Creating optimal conditions
In the cage of your pet, the thickness of the sawdust layer must be at least five centimeters. The place for the house should be chosen in such a way that it is completely protected from cold and drafts. Young decorative rabbits love to turn over the feeders. Therefore, it is better to use the suspended version so that the pet cannot overturn it.
A mandatory condition for keeping dwarf rabbits at home is constant access to fresh and clean water. There are also automatic drinkers. In principle, pets do not need street walks, but in the warm season they can be walked on the grass. But at the same time you should definitely put on a leash.
For walks around the apartment it is necessary to ensure the right conditions. If you decide to let your pet go for a walk, then you need to close all doors and windows so that there are no drafts. During such walks, the animals must be observed so that it does not accidentally hurt. If your pet will run through the rooms, then get ready to clean him.
What should be the cell?
Choosing a cage, you should not buy a small one. Please note that your pet grows up quickly. He needs space. It is necessary to proceed from the following proportions: the cage must be four times the size of the pet itself. In the house should be installed drinking bowl, feeder, tray and a secluded place to rest.
It is better to purchase a plastic pallet, and not in the form of a lattice (an animal would be uncomfortable walking on such a pallet). If you know how to feed the rabbits, then choose a ceramic grain feeder. A manger for hay must be properly attached to the rods. They need to put shavings, sawdust, paper.
Standard cage sizes for decorative rabbits are meter. But for larger breeds you can buy a house up to 140 centimeters long. In a small house pet can get sick because it can not move.
Where to put the cell?
We have already mentioned how many rabbits live at home. However, in order for your pet to be long-lived, it needs to create good conditions. Among other things, it is worth choosing the optimal place for the cell. Do not place it near air conditioners or batteries. Any temperature changes are dangerous for rabbits. The most comfortable temperature condition is +20 degrees. Crawls are extremely shy. They are afraid of other domestic inhabitants, TV, computer and even bright light.
Ideally, the cage should be placed away from windows and noise sources. The place should be quiet and calm. In no case do not fit such premises as the kitchen or hallway. During airing it is necessary not to arrange drafts. It is not necessary to place the cage on the loggia, where the animal risks getting overheated. But in a private house you can equip an aviary under a canopy, protecting it with something. In this case, the pet will not be afraid of rain or sun.
In the cage must be regularly cleaned. It is believed that the tray should be cleaned quite often, replacing the filler in it. Periodically, it is also worth washing the house with special products. Street cages are washed weekly. After all, the dirt very much attracts flies. In principle, surface cleaning should be done every day. While the pet is walking, it is necessary to wash it with a needle, remove wool, replace hay in a manger.
Chemicals can not be used to wash the house. Good for using Delegol. In time, not removed wool from the cage can cause sneezing in a pet and tearing.
Rabbits are very clean animals. They almost do not smell. Only the cell itself can smell, if the owners do not remove it in time. By changing the hay and sawdust in time, you can avoid the appearance of an unpleasant smell. As we have said, it is necessary to regularly disinfect and clean the cage, change the toilet filler. At the onset of the puberty period, the animals may lose their stools, which means that hygiene and cleaning should be more frequent, otherwise the pet smell will become stronger. Adults begin to mark the territory, and they do it not only in the cage, but throughout the apartment during walks.
But bathing does not help the rabbits to get rid of the smell, because the reason is not skin secretions. The source of the smell is an uncleaned cell. Pet is able to independently clean its hair from dirt and smell.
If you are not interested in obtaining offspring, then you can sterilize the animal. If you do not want to do this, then you need to carefully and regularly clean. For cleaning, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate. In no case can not wash the cage with chemicals for washing and washing dishes, because it can harm the health of the pet.
What to feed rabbits at home?
One of the most important issues in the maintenance of any pet is feeding. After all, you need to ensure proper nutrition to the animal. Let's find out how to feed the rabbits.
The basis of the pet's diet includes clean water, hay, animal feed, minerals and branches. Animals do not have intestinal motility. And because already digested food pushes a new portion of food. For this reason, it seems that rabbits are constantly chewing, and their gastric juice is produced constantly. Their health depends on what rabbits eat at home. In the cage should always be food, and fresh water must be poured twice a day. In general, a pet should always have water.
Variety of feed
All types of feed for rabbits can be divided into four groups:
What do rabbits eat at home? The diet necessarily includes green food. In spring, summer and autumn there are usually no problems with this issue. Green feed must be introduced in the spring, with the advent of the first green shoots of plants. They should form the basis of your pet's nutrition until late autumn.
Green foods include:
- Pulses, pulses and seeded herbs.
- Wild grasses.
- Forage cabbage and vegetable tops.
Green grasses that are consumed by pets should be harvested in natural meadows. You can also use seeded grass from the fields: oats, alfalfa, clover, winter rye, lupins, corn, barley. Legumes-cereals and leguminous plants contain a lot of protein, they are rich in minerals and vitamins. But they are not given clean, but only in a mixture, since they cause flatulence and bloating.
Some wild grasses are not suitable for feeding rabbits because they are poisonous.
As a green feed used vegetable tops: potato, sugar beet, Jerusalem artichoke.
The fourth part of the pet's diet should consist of roughage, which contain fiber, necessary for good digestion. That it gives a feeling of saturation. Hay, branches, and also flour prepared from them can be referred to rough forage. You can prepare all this in spring, summer and autumn. To do this, use the same herbs as for green fodder. If you notice that the pet does not eat hay, it means that it is coarse, because it has been dried incorrectly. It is better to grind it into flour, and then the animal will be more willing to use it.
The best feed for rabbits in the winter - it's branches. Timely harvested, they will be an excellent help, because they contain a lot of nutrients and vitamins. If the pet eats branch feed, it will gnaw the cage less.
Spruce feed can not be harvested from every tree. For example, suitable shoots of maple, willow, linden, acacia, willow, pear, rowan, oak, ash, alder, raspberry, lilac, apple. But birch branches should not be given, they cause kidney disease in pets. When diarrhea animals give shoots of oak and alder, because they have astringent properties.
By the way, in winter they often give fresh sprigs of conifers (spruce, cedar, fir, juniper), because they contain the necessary vitamins. However, it is not necessary to constantly give coniferous feeds, every two weeks it is necessary to take breaks. But still their use has a very positive effect on the pet's fur.
As we already mentioned, in the summer for pets offer more succulent feed. But with the arrival of frost, you can more actively offer juicy feed - it's silage and root crops. For example, rabbits love carrots. Also, animals give melons - zucchini, pumpkins, watermelons. It is worth remembering that juicy food is rich in all kinds of vitamins, but very poor in fiber and proteins. They are well eaten and digested by pets. And in lactating bunnies, eating juicy feed contributes to milk production.
Very often, inexperienced owners ask the question: is it possible for cabbages to rabbits, because there is a stereotype that pets love this vegetable very much? Of course, cabbage can and should be given, but in very limited quantities, as it can cause problems with digestion. For rabbits it is necessary to take the upper cabbage leaves, the closer they are to the stalk, the more juice is so dangerous in them. In general, it is better to use sluggish greens. Cauliflower and broccoli are a true treat for the animal.
Among all the feed the most nutritious are concentrated. They are convenient for those who live in urban environments. In the composition of such feed are present:
- Bean grains.
- Cake, bran, meal.
- Feed of animal origin.
The energy value of mixtures due to a large number of proteins with a minimum level of fluid. The presence of concentrated feed stimulates the growth of pets. In general, such mixtures in the diet of the animal should be about 30-40 percent.
The feed usually contains oats, barley, maize, sorghum, wheat, rye, and legumes such as soybeans, beans, lentils, and peas.
In general, oats - this is the best grain for a fluffy pet, because it contains many nutrients. And at the same time, oats are dietary foods. It has a positive effect on the bowels. Giving oats, you can be sure that the rabbit will not be obese.
For keeping pets at home very often for feeding use a concentrated feed for rabbits "Ushastik." Among the variety of mixtures presented in stores, you can choose the appropriate option. Perhaps your animal will show its preferences. If you notice that he does not like some kind of food, you should not buy it more. Perhaps it contains something that does not fit a pet.
Vitamins and Minerals
In the diet of pets must be present vitamin supplements. They are usually introduced into the diet in winter. In order to replenish the reserves of vitamins D and A in animals, they are given fish oil and concentrated vitamin A.
In winter, rabbits increase the need for vitamin E in the absence of green fodder. Replenish stocks by offering good hay, germinated grain.
How many times feed the rabbits? Animals eat a little, but very often. During the day they can approach the trough up to 30 times. And yet it is very important to observe a certain diet of the animal. Feed must be given at the same time every day. Due to this, the rabbits at the time of feeding will begin to produce gastric juice, which contributes to the digestibility of feed, and hence the growth and development of pets.
Experts recommend feeding the rabbit and rabbit up to four times a day, and adult rabbits - two or three times a day.
Decorative breeds are prone to stomatitis, rhinitis and other infectious diseases. Also, pets often suffer from intestinal disorders, eye and ear diseases. And worms in general can cause the death of an animal, so pets are given anthelmintic drugs three or four times a year, even if they are not on the street. Vaccinations help to avoid infectious diseases. Therefore, you need to purchase a rabbit in a proven nursery, after which you must visit a veterinarian.
Instead of an afterword
Keeping rabbits in an apartment or house is quite troublesome. For the pet will have to create all the necessary conditions. In addition, you expect daily chores associated with feeding and cleaning the cell. Knowing all the nuances of care, you can safely proceed to the selection of a suitable breed and a good breeder. However, remember that rabbits are not dogs and cats that children can play with. Such pets require careful and careful handling.
The basics of keeping a decorative rabbit
The maintenance of an ornamental rabbit requires a serious approach, responsibility and considerable care knowledge. The key rule will be to initially purchase the cage and the necessary equipment and only then the rabbit. These pets do not tolerate overheating, direct sunlight, stuffiness, and at a temperature of -20 ° C will feel great. Excessive ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide in the air, dampness, high humidity, and drafts are harmful to them. By the way, these animals do not sweat. The most comfortable temperature for them: + 18-20 ° С, humidity 50%. Heat exchange occurs through the veins on the ears. If the pet does not tolerate heat, then you can wipe his ears with a rag dipped in cold water. If you cool your ears, then the rabbit itself will feel better. The cage can be covered with a wet towel, and you can also put a plastic bottle in the cage with ice cubes added.
At home, the rabbit should be kept in a cage. These are timid animals, with a fragile spine, hold them tightly in your arms. A rabbit may even die if a person drops him from a certain height. The animal does not need to communicate with the cat and dog, because they can start to chase the pet, and such races are harmful to him. It is not necessary to start a pet, if in the family baby. The curiosity of the children pushes them to the fact that they grab the animal by the ears, by the skin, as a result, the rabbit, having survived such shocks, can get sick.
Since decorative rabbits are tender creatures, they can instantly catch a cold from the draft, and die from the stuffiness. Do not put a cage with a rabbit in the sun. The animal may make noise, so you need in the morning to fix in the cage a grain feeder, a tray, and a manger for hay. If the equipment is poorly attached - it will be played by the feeder and everything else. The cage should always be dry litter, it must be laid on the bottom of the cage. For bedding suitable straw or sawdust. At least 3 times a week, you need to clean and change the litter. Gastric diseases are often caused by dirty and wet bedding.
Rabbits are clean, so you should wash the tray daily. Know that the pet will not go to the dirty tray, and equips a new toilet nearby. Someone does not like the smell from the pet, however, if you take care of him, then there will be no smell.
The thickness of the bedding layer in the cage should be three to five centimeters, the cage must be in a place protected from drafts and cold. Hay or sawdust is perfect for bedding. In young rabbits, there is a desire to turn the feeder. Make your pet a feeding trough or a ceramic trough (the latter will be harder and it will be difficult to turn over).
Decorative rabbits constantly need clean fresh water. Идеально будет установить в клетке автоматическую поилку для грызунов. Питомцы не нуждаются в прогулках, однако, в теплое время года их можно вывести погулять по траве (надевайте им поводки).
Когда будете открывать клетку и выпускать животное – чтобы избежать сквозняков нужно будет закрыть все двери и окна. When a pet walks - watch him so that he does not accidentally get injured. Remember that if the rabbit will run around the apartment, then get ready to clean up after him. Be sure to clean the cage on time, otherwise there will be a strong smell in the room, and from the animal itself.
In order for long-haired rabbits not to form mats - periodically comb out their wool.
The cage should be spacious - four times the size of the animal. In the cage there should be enough space for a tray, drinkers, feeders, a house for rest. Take a plastic cage tray. Lattice pan will not work, because rabbit legs will not be able to adapt to such a pallet. Do not put sawdust or straw on the bottom of the cage so that the rabbit does not constantly go to the toilet all over the cage. There should be a non-slip bottom in the cage. Straw, paper, sawdust, shavings from deciduous trees can be poured into the tray. Heavy ceramic bowl suitable for grain feed. Secure the autodrinker and hay nursery to the bars of the cage.
The basis of the diet should be hay, clean water, animal feed, branches, special mineral stones. Compound feed is granules with a complex of necessary substances. Choosing between special feed and feed, give preference to the latter. To keep pets growing well - they are given not only compound feed. Decorative rabbit can not immediately eat the granules, because he first regale delicious grains, and then - all the rest. It is important not to remove the granules, as they regulate digestion and are important for rabbit teeth. Rabbits give 1 tablespoon of feed 3 times a day. Adult crawls are given 1-1.5 tablespoons 2 times a day. Hay in the cage should be a lot. Keep the hay in the cage all the time. Drinking hay forms a good feces, helps grind down teeth. You can occasionally give white crackers. For grinding teeth suitable sprigs of pear, birch, willow, apple, oak, poplar, aspen. In the summer you can give a few deciduous branches with leaves, in the winter - coniferous branches. Rinse and dry the branches well, and collect them in uncontaminated places. Chalk, salt or vitamin stone will provide the rabbit with minerals and vitamins. Chilled boiled water will be the perfect complement to the pet's diet. Water must always be clean and always present. Every 1-1.5 days should be changed water. Rabbits are not fed parsley and dill due to the high content of essential oils. Ornamental rabbit fit chamomile, yarrow, mouse peas. Much to give alfalfa is not worth it. Herbs are introduced into the diet one by one leaflet. If you find an upset stomach - immediately remove the herbs from the diet. Rabbits are fed with herbs and fruits from 4 months. Herbs should be divided into small bunches, and fruits should be cut into tiny pieces.
So, the main products are hay, feed and water. Supplements - greens, fruits, vegetables. In the summer, there is no need to completely replace the hay with fresh herbs. Also, read the detailed article on how to properly feed an ornamental rabbit.
Diseases and compulsory vaccinations for rabbits
Vaccinations for rabbits
Decorative rabbits suffer from infectious stomatitis, staphylococcosis, myxomatosis, infectious rhinitis, pasteurellosis, coccidiosis. Also, animals suffer from intestinal disorders (constipation in rabbits is not uncommon), eye diseases, their ears can hurt, excessive growth of teeth causes problems. Worm invasions can lead to the death of a pet. Three or four times a year, the animal should anthelmintic, even if it does not exist in nature and does not go anywhere. Vaccination helps protect a pet from any infectious disease. Read more in the article vaccination of rabbits.
It will not be superfluous to vaccinate pets from paratyphoid fever, rabies, listeriosis, and pasteurellosis. Vaccines against UHD (viral hemorrhagic disease) and against myxomatosis are required. There are vaccines that help protect against several diseases at once.
Once a year you need to do a comprehensive vaccine against miskomatoz and VGBK. It can be done using one ampoule. When there will be outbreaks of other diseases in the region - then vaccinate the decorative rabbit.
At six weeks, the rabbits are given the first vaccine for VGBK. If there is a threat of an epidemic, then you can vaccinate and four-week pets. Three months later, do the next vaccine for UGBK. Every six months, vaccination should be repeated.
Vaccination for myxomatosis should be from April to October, since this disease is transmitted by fleas, mosquitoes, and other blood-sucking insects in the warm season. There is no need to vaccinate a pet in the winter from myxomatosis. At least two weeks should pass between vaccinations with individual vaccines for myxomatosis and for UHD. Nursing females and pregnant rabbits is undesirable to vaccinate. If the pet has become infected, it is pointless to vaccinate, because it will not affect the disease. Only healthy animals can be vaccinated. After vaccination, you need to keep the ornamental rabbit on a two-week quarantine - during this time the vaccine will take effect, and the animal will not become infected. It is desirable to carry out the worming of a pet ten days before vaccination. You can do vaccinations yourself or go to a veterinary clinic. But, if you vaccinate a rabbit, then by all means follow the vaccination schedule.
Sexual question in rabbits
Key signs of puberty:
- Pet became aggressive, overly active,
- He goes to the toilet not in the tray, but wherever he wants,
- Females and males begin to actively dig the floor, the bottom of the cage, the carpet,
- Mark territory
- Manifestation of false pregnancy: rabbit can pull out of fluff, wear hay to a certain place,
- Pet can pester pets, to humans.
- There is no medicine to reduce the sexual activity of rabbits. Yield: castration or sterilization.
- Castration can be spent for a 10-week-old rabbit, however, veterinarians recommend that it be given to her five-month-old animal. Castration is a simple operation. Sterilization can only be carried out to a six-month-old rabbit. Performing this operation involves the removal of the uterus, both ovaries.
- It is better to perform an operation on a young rabbit, since he has few health problems. The operating procedure will be dangerous for the old rabbit. Due to the fact that rabbits are difficult to tolerate anesthesia - before these operations were considered incredibly dangerous. But now for this purpose there is a new generation of anesthetics.
The value of the game for rabbits
Rabbit need to play daily. If there is no entertainment - he will rip off the wallpaper. It is impossible to let a pet run around the apartment without supervision - it can get hurt or go to the toilet in the corner. For decorative rabbits there are different toys: a balloon, a ball with a rattle inside, a cardboard box with holes, a linen or cotton cloth, a wooden carrot for the point of the teeth, a cardboard component of toilet paper. For the rabbit, you can organize a fenced enclosure or playpen.