Many animal lovers are interested in how many years turtles live. The life span of a pet depends largely on the species to which the animal belongs, as well as on the conditions of its detention in captivity. Today we will discuss how to care for a domestic bug, so that it will delight you for many years.
How long does a turtle live?
The answer to this question can not be unambiguous. For example, a giant turtle lives much longer than any vertebrate animal - 50 years or more. The life span of a European marsh turtle is from 20 to 25 years.
These cute creatures are different from other animals by a slow metabolism. In this regard, they for a long time can not eat or even drink. Due to the effective work of the immune system, they are resistant to various infections, quickly heal from injuries and amaze with their endurance. They are able to stop their heartbeat, and then start the "motor" again.
All species of turtles are descended from the same land ancestor - the cotiosaur. In the course of evolution, his numerous descendants were able to learn to live in water, both in salt and fresh.
I must say that the question of how much a turtle lives can be called a lengthy one. Judge for yourself. On the island of Galapagos lives a turtle, which, according to local residents, turned 300 years old. But, perhaps, this is just a legend, because scientists believe that large turtles (namely, they are long-lived) can live to 180 years, not more. Be that as it may, the answer to the question of how many a turtle lives depends on the person who destroys the parareptile habitat with its vital activity. Repeated attempts to resettle turtles from their homelands were unsuccessful. Man barbarously destroys these cute animals for their skin, shell and meat.
Red-eared turtles: description
The genus of decorated turtles (Chrysemys) has eight species. Their representatives live in the waters of South and North America. The most famous beautiful red-eared turtle. Its shell reaches a length of 28 cm. The pattern and coloring of the shell and torso differ from one individual to another. Mature males are completely black. The main distinguishing feature is the presence of two orange, red or yellow spots, which are located on the sides of the head.
The species of red-eared turtles is subdivided into several subspecies. For example, the Colombian subspecies, which has long been listed in the Red Book as the most vulnerable. This is the smallest bug among its kindred. It is found in the area of Lake Maracaibo, located in the north-west of Venezuela, settles in swamps and lagoons, in the lower reaches of the Magdalena and Sinu river basins. Today it is protected by the laws of Colombia, which minimized the export of turtles outside the country.
Fans of these animals from Germany released them to the natural reservoirs of their country and some other European states. The turtles settled down well there due to the mild climate. Currently, animal advocates from European countries, as well as biologists, are urging not to buy red-eared turtles as pets.
Habitat and its effect on the life span of an animal
Anyone who is interested in how many years turtles live should know what their natural habitat is, because the natural conditions can be repeated in places where these animals are kept, and then their lifespan will increase. Red-eared turtles live in northeastern Mexico and in the eastern states of the United States, in shallow marshy reservoirs.
At home, they are often referred to as "red-ear skoluny." The turtles received such a name for running away from danger at tremendous speed, sliding their abdomens over the surface of the soil in order to jump into the water rather quickly. They have every reason to fear a person. In their homeland, the locals eat adult animals and their eggs.
Snowy turtles that live in the southern hemisphere breed in September-December, and the inhabitants of the northern hemisphere in April-June. They mate under the water, and they nestle cozy nests on the shallows, on the sand not far from the water, in those places that are shaded by plants to avoid overheating.
The offspring appears at the beginning of the rainy season, coming in September-December in the territories located north of the equator, and in June - south of the equator.
Many favorite pets are red-eared turtles. How many do these animals live in captivity? Their life span in the aquaterrarium is long. Of course, if the rules of their content are followed.
In the natural environment, these animals live for more than 50 years, and in captivity may not live even five. Does this mean that keeping at home condemns the turtles to an early death? Of course not. The duration of their life in captivity, as mentioned above, depends on the conditions of detention.
Red-eared turtles, which fell into the hands of a responsible and caring owner, can live up to thirty or more years. What needs to be done to become a long-lived turtle? Let's figure it out.
This is an important factor that must be taken into account by all who have red-eared turtles in the house. How many live these animals with proper nutrition? Not less than thirty years. If you follow an adequate diet, their lifespan in captivity increases significantly.
It must be remembered that turtles are day animals, and therefore they must eat during the day. The basis of the food is a dry aquarium feed. At the same time, red-eared turtles will not refuse to eat moths, earthworms, and pipemaker.
Do not forget to feed your pet aquatic crustaceans - Gamaros. The most useful is the lively gamarus, which goes on sale in the winter. To make the turtle's diet as close to the natural as possible, use live insects and snails.
The lack of protein in the diet of the turtle can be balanced with meat supplements. Just give the animal finely chopped boiled or fresh meat.
An important role in the nutrition of turtles is played by vitamins. Not only the well-being of the pet, but also the duration of his life depends on them. Turtles, and red-eared, including, need vitamin supplements – solution of vitamin D (oil). It should be given once a week, putting a few drops on the food. Vitamin A is given once every two weeks.
Maintenance and care
The amount of life the turtle depends on how well the habitat will be organized in captivity. Conditions should be as close to natural as possible.
Consider that turtles need both water and land. The volume of the dwelling, therefore, should be 150 liters per animal. The proportions of water and land should be approximately 3: 1.
For the organization of sushi for walking and resting turtles you can buy in the store a special island. Building it from improvised plastic means is not worth it - it will be difficult for a bug to climb onto a rather slippery surface, and as a result it will refuse to walk. And this will necessarily affect her health and longevity.
A rather high temperature must be maintained in the terrarium. This can be achieved using a special lamp. Water should not be changed more than once a week.
If you treat a bug with responsibility and love, this charming creature will delight you for many years.
How many live eared turtles live in the wild?
Under natural conditions, the red-eared can live for up to 100 years, but this is more the exception than the rule. The average life expectancy of these creatures in the wild is usually 40-50 years. Under natural conditions, the reptile's habitats are characterized by quite good health, but one should not forget that they have enemies on land (birds of prey, foxes, and jaguars).
How many live eared turtles at home?
If you are planning to have this exotic pet, then you should understand that you have to live next to him and take care of him almost all his life. After all, with proper care and adequate conditions of detention, these reptiles in your home can live up to 30-40, and sometimes more years. In an inexperienced or irresponsible owner, the red girl may not live to see a year.
A red-eared little turtle, which got to a responsible and caring owner, living in a spacious dwelling with all the necessary accessories, receiving all the nutrients it needs, can live not only 30, but 50 years. So, whether your red-ear pet will become a long-liver depends only on you.
What causes turtles to die in captivity?
The first common cause is poor content.. If young individuals may well live in a small "aquarium", then with age they need more and more space. For an adult, an aquarium with a size of up to 150 liters is needed. It is necessary to frequently change the water, plant the plants and do not forget to regularly inspect the turtle.
The second reason is infection. The turtle can get sick by picking up an infection from another individual, or from the terrarium's “ornaments” - ampoules and algae bought at the store. In addition, adverse conditions may also affect - lack of light, standing unfiltered water, too high or too low temperature. In addition, turtles, like people, are susceptible to the environment and can get sick almost out of the blue.
The third reason is lack of vitamins. due to unbalanced nutrition. In nature, the body tells the turtle if it lacks some kind of vitamin, and she herself changes her diet. But in the closed space of an apartment she has no such choice. The diet of both adults and young individuals should consist of from animal products (suitable feed for fish and the fish themselves), so and vegetable (seaweed, lettuce and dandelion).
But here lies fourth reason Turtle's frequent deaths are far away not every city has a specialist who understands reptiles and is able to correctly identify the disease and prescribe treatment.
How to extend the life of the turtle
To prolong the life of the red-eared tortoise, it is enough to protect it from diseases and adverse conditions. A properly selected terrarium, a balanced feed, a heating lamp, a quarantine for new individuals and timely inspections at least once a month - all this does not require much time, but it can do a good job.
Pet, care for which pay enough attention, may well become a long-liver and get acquainted with several generations of one family. To do this, you should start a young individual, for the purchase of which you need to equip a spacious terrarium.
The main habitat of red-eared sliders is Central America, the southern part of North America and the northern part of South America. The climate tends to high humidity and heat. In this region, the average annual temperature is + 24⁰C.
The turtle can live only in freshwater bodies - ponds or lakes, surrounded by sloping shores. Most of the time is in the water, which warms up from 20 to 30⁰C. Land is chosen to bask in the sun or to hunt.
For young turtles, the basis of the diet is animal food - insects, small animals, larvae. Older individuals prefer vegetable food in the form of leafy vegetables and plants.
The lifespan of a red-eared turtle in its natural habitat can be about 20 years. Quality of life is influenced by temperature fluctuations, interruptions in nutrition, reptile catching by humans.
In the aquaterrarium it is possible to control the temperature and light, to clean the pollution in a timely manner. The owner is responsible for a balanced feed. As a result, the answer to the question “how many years do red-eared turtles live at home” will be thirty to forty years.
In captivity, reptiles not only live longer, but grow larger, and puberty occurs earlier in these animals. Therefore, to estimate the age of the turtle can only be approximately.
- In the first year, the sliders grow by about six centimeters.
- In the second year of life, females begin to outpace males: the length of the first shell is about nine centimeters, whereas the second is eight.
- The size of the female of the third year of life is close to fourteen centimeters, with males only ten.
- After four years, the growth of length is somewhat slower: the males reach twelve centimeters, and the females - sixteen.
- Five-year-old females are already eighteen centimeters long, and the males add about two centimeters to their length.
- At six, males can be seventeen centimeters, and females - closer to twenty.
How to determine the sex of a red-eared turtle
Due to the fact that owners often acquire non-newborn reptiles that are difficult to feed, the question arises of how to determine the sex of a red-eared turtle.
Visual signs are:
- tail length (for males it is shorter and thicker),
- more curved and long claws in males, somewhat concave plastron in males,
- location of the cloaca (in females closer to the tail) and size (females are larger).
If an individual is less than one year old and less than ten centimeters long, then its sex cannot be reliably determined.
It is possible to more reliably assess gender after two years, when visual differences are more noticeable. However, for this you need to know exactly the age of the turtle. We tried to maximally expand the topic “How many red-eared turtles live”, if you still have any questions feel free to ask them in the comments to the article!
How long does a turtle live at home?
There is also no definite answer to this question. It largely depends on the conditions of their detention. If the conditions created by you are suitable for this type of red-eared turtles, for example, the red-eared turtle can safely live with you up to 30 years. Along with this, there are cases when home turtle lived four decades to the delight of the master.
Description of red-eared turtles
The genus of these turtles (Chrysemys) consists of 8 species. The habitat of their representatives - the reservoirs of South and North America. The shell of these animals reaches 28 cm in length. The color of the shell and the pattern are different for different individuals. For example, sexually mature males are completely black. Their main distinguishing characteristic is the presence of 2 orange, yellow or red spots, which can be seen on the sides of the head, hence their name.
Red-Eared Turtle Species
Scientists subdivide the species of red-eared turtles into several subspecies. For example, the Colombian subspecies, which has been listed in the Red Book for many years as the most vulnerable. The Colombian tortoise is the smallest of its kindred. She lives in the waters of Lake Maracaibo, located in the north-west of Venezuela. It can settle in lagoons and in marshes, in the lower reaches of the basins of the Sinu and Magdalena rivers. This subspecies is protected at the legislative level in Colombia, thanks to which the export of turtles outside the state has been reduced to a minimum.
German lovers of these individuals released them to natural reservoirs in Germany and some other states in Europe. Due to the fact that in these countries, mostly mild climate, turtles are well settled there. Today, European animal defenders, along with biologists, are urging people not to start red-eared turtles at home.
Habitat and its effect on longevity
Anyone who wants to extend the life of their pet, must necessarily be interested in its natural habitat. After all, if you try to repeat the natural conditions of these animals at home, their life expectancy will increase. Red-eared turtles live in swampy shallow water bodies in the eastern United States and northeastern Mexico.
At home, they got the nickname “red-eared slides” for running away when they are in danger, while sliding their belly down on the ground, this helps them reach water more quickly. They have every reason to fear people. Locals often eat meat adult turtles and their eggs.