Author: admin · Published 08/20/2018 · Last modified 11/13/2018
Barracuda (lat. Sphyraena) is a genus of marine fishes from the class of ray-finned, order mackerelle, family barracuda. The common informal name is sea pike.
Author: admin · Published 04/05/2017 · Last modified 09/25/2018
An anglerfish, or anglerfish, is a predatory marine bottomfish, which belongs to the class of ray-finned fish, a subclass of novoper fish, the infraclass, bony fish, an order fish, a suborder, ancestorus, the angler family, a genus of anglers (large angler fish), or sea fish.
Author: admin · Published 01/31/2017 · Last modified 02/02/2017
Sturgeon is a fish that belongs to the class of ray-finned fish, cartilaginous ganoids subclass, sturgeon-order, sturgeon sub-order, sturgeon family, sturgeon subfamily, genus sturgeon (Latin Acipenser).
Author: admin · Published 01/13/2017 · Last modified Jan 11, 2017
The swordfish, also called the swordfish (Latin Xiphias gladius, Linnaeus, 1758), is a predatory sea fish. It belongs to the class of ray-finned fish, a subclass of novopery fish, a infraclass of bony fishes, above the order prickly-finned, a detachment of a perch-like, suborder of a meaty-like, family.
Author: admin · Published 10/1/2016 · Last modified 09/27/2016
Cod is a genus of ray-finned fish of the order cod-like, cod family (lat. Gadidae). In the old days, cod was called “labardan”, and the fish got its modern Russian name because of the peculiarities of meat, which cracks when it is dried.
Author: admin · Published 07/11/2016 · Last modified 11/13/2018
Shark belongs to the type of chordate animals, the class of cartilaginous fishes, above the order of the shark (lat. Selachii). The origin of the Russian word “shark” originates from the language of the ancient Vikings, who called the word “hakall” any fish.
Author: admin · Published 06/15/2016 · Last modified 10/14/2016
Sardine (lat. Sardina) - commercial sea fish, belongs to the class of ray-finned fish, herring-type, family herring, sardine genus.
Author: admin · Published 06/07/2016 · Last modified 10/17/2016
Capelin (Uyek) (lat. Mallotus villosus) is a predatory sea fish, belongs to the class of ray-finned fish, smelt-like, order smelt, family of capelin.
Author: admin · Published 04/30/2016 · Last modified 08/14/2018
Salmon (Atlantic salmon)
Salmon, or Atlantic salmon, or lake salmon (lat. Salmo salar) belongs to the class of treating fish, salmon-type, family salmon, salmon, and has no subspecies.
Author: admin · Published 03/10/2016 · Last modified 09/26/2016
Perch is a fish that belongs to the class of ray-finned fish, a perciformed order, a perch family (lat. Percidae).
Description and characteristics of marine fish
The underwater world is rich in a variety of species of inhabitants. In the depths of the sea you can find countless thousands of individuals that delight with their appearance or frighten huge teeth.
The bulk is a commercial category, occupying a larger percentage of the habitat:
- Cod representatives. Dietary species, which include hake, haddock, hake, cod and other white varieties.
The fat content in meat is up to 2%. In its composition, white varieties contain iodine, selenium, phosphorus, vitamins A, B, E. Flounder and her relatives. In the group except flounders include the family of maritime languages, halibut.
Nicknamed the fish "chicken" for a small amount of bones in the meat. Useful variety helps to overcome vitamin deficiency and rickets due to the vitamin composition. Mackerel group different peculiar striping. The meat is tender and fat compared to white varieties.
It contains vitamin D and omega-3, which help maintain immunity.
Famous representatives - captain fish, trout, umbrin.
And that's not all representatives. Sea and ocean - the space is not fully understood. Fish - the basis of the daily diet of proper nutrition.
Types of edible marine fish
Habitat - the sea. Such species differ from their river relatives by a large amount of useful minerals and vitamins in meat. Conventionally, marine life can be classified into 6 groups.
See the list in the table:
Marine fish species: description and characteristics, marine fish in industry
The depths of the sea inhabits many diverse species of fish. Predators, commercial fish, decorative small fish - they all attract the attention of man.
Today, almost all marine inhabitants are caught by humans, often for human consumption.
Marine commercial fish can be divided into types:
In turn, to the public marine fish include:
To sturgeon species include: sturgeon, sterlet, stellate sturgeon, Kaluga and beluga.
Sturgeon is a fairly large representative of the underwater world, reaching a length of 5-6 meters. There are also giant specimens weighing about 800 kg, but most often the commercial sturgeon weighs about 15-20 kg.
They live long enough, about 50-60 years. They live mainly on the bottom, prefer freshwater bodies of water, but they can also live in salty water for a short time.
It is considered a supplier of sturgeon caviar, a valuable and nutritious product.
Sterlet belongs to the sturgeon family, it is a small underwater inhabitant. The length does not exceed 120-125 cm, weighing 1-3 kg. There are quite large representatives, weighing about 10-12 kg. Live about 30 years. It can be found in almost all the rivers that flow into most of the seas of the planet. River fish.
Sevruga prefers to live near the seabed, most often found at a depth of about 100 m. They belong to valuable commercial fish, about 100-120 cm long, weighing about 20-25 kg, although a 220 cm long individual and weighing about 80 kg were registered. Lives about 35 years. It dwells mainly in the seas and rivers flowing into the sea basins.
Kaluga - A giant member of the sturgeon family. About 5 meters in length, the weight can reach 1,000 kg. Distributed in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Azov. Lives about 25 years. Migrates often. Listed in the Red Book as a rare species of fish.
Beluga is listed in the Red Book. It is considered to be the largest representative of the sturgeon family. Lives about 100 years, can reach a weight of 1500 kg. Distributed in the Caspian, Azov, Black Seas. The length is usually 2-4 meters. It is a supplier of a rare product - beluga caviar.
To family cod Carry: cod, burbot, haddock, navaga.
Cod is considered a major representative of the cod family. Individuals with a length of more than 1.5 meters and weighing about 95 kg were recorded. Most often they catch fish about 50 cm long, weighing 5-7 kg. He lives differently, most often 15-17 years. It lives mainly in the ocean and sea depths. It is a cod liver supplier.
Burbot is considered the largest representative of the cod family. The only fish from the family that lives only in fresh water. Lives about 22-23 years old, 110-120 cm long, weight about 20 kg. Predator, prefers cold-flowing reservoirs. In the warm season it becomes apathetic, strives to hide in a dwelling.
Haddock, a medium-sized underwater inhabitant, reaches a length of 60-70 cm, weighing about 3-4 kg. A catch of a large specimen, 100 cm long, weighing more than 18 kg, was recorded. It prefers to dwell at the bottom at a depth of about 200 m. It occurs in salty seas, in the White and the Barents Sea. Listed in the Red Book.
Navaga, small fish, no longer than 35-40 cm, weight 0.5 kg. Prefers reservoirs with cold currents, prefers to conduct a bottom way of life. For industrial purposes, it is most often caught during the cold season. Occurs in the seas of the Pacific Ocean and on the shores of Siberia.
To family salmon it is accepted to attribute: salmon, pink salmon, trout, taimen, nelma.
Salmon It is considered a large underwater inhabitant, it reaches 1.5 m in length, and weighs about 40 kg. Lives about 12-15 years. Born in a freshwater reservoir, as it grows, migrates to the salt, where it remains to live until death. Occurs in the Atlantic and Arctic Ocean, in the Baltic and White seas.
Pink salmon It is considered an underwater inhabitant of small size, 50-60 cm long, weighing 1.5-2 kg. A distinctive feature is considered to be the dorsal growth in males, for which the fish got its name. Females do not have a hump. It inhabits Amur, the Berling Sea. It prefers cold water bodies, in warm water or in hot weather it becomes lethargic and apathetic.
Trout, a small freshwater fish that lives in the Ladoga and Onega lakes. About 30-35 cm long, weighing about 2-3 kg. Lives 10-13 years. It prefers to flock, it is easier to avoid danger.
Taimen, a large representative of the salmon family. In length reaches more than 120 cm, weighing about 45-55 kg. It lives in Lake Baikal, on the Yenisei and Amur. It is a predator. Lives more than 15 years. Prefers warm reservoirs.
Nelma considered the largest representative of its kind. An adult individual reaches a length of about 130-140 cm and a weight of about 10-12 kg. The second name of the nelma is inconnu. Prefers to flock. It is found in the Far East and Siberia.
To family flatfish Carry: halibut, Kalkan, flounder.
Halibut, a large representative of the family kambalovyh, in length reaches about 4-5 meters, weighing more than 300 kg. It prefers to live on the bottom, it is found in the Atlantic Ocean, in the Japan, Barents and Okhotsk seas.
Kalkan, or the Black Sea flounder, a predator who prefers to live on the bottom. As they mature, the fish's mouth and eyes move to one side of the body. It is quite large, 35-45 cm long, weighing 3-5 kg.
The herring family includes the following marine fish: sprat, puzanka, sprat, hamsa.
Spack, a small representative of the herring family, only 15-17 cm long, weighing 60-65 grams. Often found in the Baltic States. It prefers ponds with low salt content. Tend to lead pack life.
A fish puzanok - small in size, a member of the herring family, prefers to inhabit salt water. About 18 cm long, small weight. Live in flocks, often migrate. Life expectancy is about 8 years.
Sprat lives no more than 6 years. This sea fish is no more than 10-12 cm long, weighing about 20 grams. Gathers in flocks, often migrates, especially with the onset of heat. Occurs in the Sea of Azov, on the Don, in the lower reaches of the Volga, Ural and Terek rivers.
Anchovy, a small sea fish belonging to the herring family. A length of not more than 17 cm, weight does not exceed gr. It lives on the Black Sea, in the Azov, Baltic and North Seas. Prefers to lead pack life.
To family perch include only two types of marine fish: pike perch and perch.
Zander - predator belonging to the perch family. Quite a large fish, about 50 cm long, weighing about 2 kg. It lives mainly in the Black Sea and in the Caspian Sea. Prefers salty ponds.
Sea bass in appearance it is similar to river, but there are differences in the internal structure. The fish is predatory, deep water. The optimal depth of habitat is considered to be 2800-3000 m. The fish is about 50 cm long, weighing about 3-5 kg. Life expectancy is about 17-20 years.
Common types of fish
Pike is a large predator, about 100 cm long, weighing about 6–8 kg. Found in the Azov and Baltic Seas, also found in many lakes and rivers. Because of the particular structure of the oral cavity, pike is often called the “river shark”.
Sultanka or red mullet, brightly colored small sea fish, only 30-32 cm long, small weight. Prefers salty water bodies, often found in the Mediterranean Sea. Lives about 10-11 years.
Catfish, a large underwater predator, sometimes reaches a length of several meters and weighs about 50-70 kg (on average). A distinctive feature is considered to be the lack of scales in this fish. Occurs in many seas and lakes. Lives about 40-60 years.
Mullet, a small sea fish, about 70-80 cm long, weight can reach 5-7 kg. Life expectancy of this fish is 10-11 years. Often found in Japan and the Black Sea. Prefers to live in warm waters.
Scad, medium-sized fish, preferring to stray in flocks. It is considered to be a predator. 40-50 cm long, weighing no more than 0.5 kg. Occurs in the North, Black, Mediterranean seas. Lives about 7-9 years.
Mackerel - commercial fish 30-40 cm long, weighing about 1.2 kg. Most often found in the Atlantic Ocean and the Black Sea. He lives about 15-18 years. Predator, prefers to lead pack life.
Tuna, a rather large fish, can reach sizes of 4-5 m, weighing about 500 kg. There are smaller types of tuna. It lives on the Black Sea, in the Barents and Azov seas. Prefers a subtropical climate.
Eel is very similar to the snake. Found in the Dnieper, on the Danube, in the Onega and Ladoga lakes. The fish is quite long (can reach 200 cm), the meat is almost devoid of bones. Can be considered long-lived. The second name of the eel is moray eel.
Sea animals are very diverse. These include huge whales and microscopic plankton. Captures a variety of inhabitants of the deep sea.
The biggest animals of the sea are the whales. However, not only at sea, but also on the ground whales have no equal in size.
There are about 130 species of whales left on Earth, about 40 extinct species of whales are known. Depending on the species, the length of the whales is from 2 to 25 meters. The world's largest species is the blue whale.
Whales live in all oceans and almost all the seas of our planet. In the northern waters, whales feel great thanks to a thick layer of fat.
See more photos of whales.
Most whales feed on small species of fish and plankton. But there is a more predatory species of whales, hunting large animals, the killer whale. This is one of the most beautiful whales.
Although the killer whales look like dolphins, they are very different from them. The most prominent feature of the killer whales is their contrasting black and white color.
Killer whales hunt for everything they can catch and are quite voracious. If killer whales are sedentary, they feed on fish and small marine animals. Migrating killer whales can even attack sperm whales. There have been cases of killer whales attacking a herd of moose crossing a reservoir.
See photos of killer whales.
Another type of large marine predator is sharks. These are mostly large predatory fish that have been virtually unchanged for billions of years in the process of evolution.
Like whales, sharks live in almost all oceans and seas. There are sharks that feed on fish, but there is also a species that feeds on plankton - the whale shark.
See more photos of sharks.
Another genus of marine predatory fish is moray. They inhabit the Atlantic and Indian oceans, the Middle and Red seas.
Muren can be confused with snakes, apparently they are very similar. But the species of moray eels is very disgusting, although there are terrible lovers of these fish.
The elongated body of the moray is devoid of scales; from parasites and scratches the moray is protected by a thick layer of poisonous mucus. This mucus in contact with skin can cause severe irritation. Previously, moray eels bite was considered poisonous, but it is not. Only the mucus of this fish is poisonous.
In ancient European mythology, the moray became the prototype of huge sea monsters. Some ancients believed that moray are fry of sea monsters, when they grow up, they float far into the ocean.
See more photos of moray eels.
Probably the most beloved by sea animals - dolphins. There are also many kinds of different sizes. Dolphins accompany various vessels and bring joy to people with their jumps from the water.
Dolphins are mammals, not fish.
The life of dolphins in captivity is halved, and in nature they live to 50 years. Likely melancholy and despondency in captivity oppresses them.
Dolphins love to communicate with people, by nature they are good and social animals. but these marine animals are tactful and never imposed.
See photos of dolphins.
Seals live in the northern seas and oceans. These are carnivorous pinnipeds that arrange colonies on coastal rocks. Such places serve them as a refuge from predators.
Their main food is fish, but they are not resistant to eating shrimp or other crustaceans and molluscs.
Killer whales and sharks can attack seals.
See photos of seals.
One of the most voracious seals is the sea leopard.
See: sea leopard.
The largest seal species is elephant seals.
The name of this species of seals was due to the unique shape of the nose of the males and due to the huge size. Males of this species can reach six meters in length and weigh more than four tons.
See: sea elephant.
На севере России обитает ещё один крупный вид тюленей – морской заяц. Самые крупные морские зайцы весят 360 кг.
Но не смотря на свои размеры, тюлень морской заяц может стать добычей белого медведя.
Смотрите: фото морского зайца.
Другие ластоногие обитатели морей — моржи. Они обладают мощными бивнями.
Бивни есть только у самцов. They use them as weapons during fights for females in the mating season.
Walruses can stand up for themselves, as they are very large animals. But killer whales and polar bears are a threat to them.
On it we will finish with pinnipeds and we will pass to mollusks.
See many photos of walruses.
"Eight legs" - so called this marine inhabitant in ancient Greece. And the octopus lives up to its name.
Octopuses inhabit the tropical and subtropical seas. In total there are more than 200 species.
Octopuses are able to change their color masking from other predators and using camouflage to wait for their prey. They can even take on the appearance of a predator and copy its behavior.
See photos of octopus.
The cuttlefish, like the octopus, is a cephalopod.
The cuttlefish has a mouth like a beak. It’s hard to see behind the tentacles in the photo, but believe me, he can bite through the crab's armor.
Like octopuses, cuttlefish are able to change color and join the terrain with the purpose of hiding from the enemy or hiding in ambush.
In total, about 30 species of cuttlefish are known. The smallest species has a size of 1.5-1.8 centimeters.
Here is a photo of cuttlefish.
Squids are another cephalopod mollusks. Squids inhabit all the seas and oceans, including the northern ones. Northern squid species are somewhat smaller, and they are often colorless. The remaining species also rarely have bright colors.
How many squid species on our planet live is unknown. Many species live in great depths, which makes it difficult to study them.
Typically, the size of squid is 25 - 50 cm. But there is a unique look - a giant squid, its size can reach 18 meters. Some deep-sea species of squid are able to glow, so they attract prey in the pitch darkness of the deep sea.
Many types of squid on the sides have wings-fins. These bodies perform the role of balance when swimming, also using their squid can accelerate and jump out of the water to escape the predator.
See photos of squid.
From cephalopods we move on to crabs. These are representatives of the crustacean class.
These marine animals have five pairs of paws, one of which turned into claws during evolution. The crab can lose a claw in a fight, but then it grows like a tail in a lizard.
Crabs are many species and they are very diverse in size and color. Different species feed completely differently, the diet may consist of algae, crustaceans, small fish or mollusks.
See photos of crabs.
Large crustaceans live in oceans and seas: lobsters and lobsters. Lobsters look like ordinary crayfish, only they have larger claws.
Basically, the color of different types of lobster is very simple, camouflage. This is caused by the presence of a large number of enemies in these animals. But sometimes there are mutant individuals with an unusual color.
This is a blue lobster, a very rare specimen. This color is one of two million lobsters. Yellow, red, white or two-colored lobsters are even more rare.
See more photos of lobsters.
Another large crustacean - lobster. These crustaceans prefer warm waters, unlike lobsters, which are found in cold waters.
Langusts do not live at depths above 200 meters. They try to settle in places where you can find refuge. Many predators do not mind eating lobster.
Langusts are loners. All his life, except for the breeding season, lobsters spend in solitude, not communicating with representatives of their own kind.
See more photos of lobsters.
Marine animals include seabirds. For example, penguins - original sea birds living in the southern hemisphere.
Penguins live not only in Antarctica. There are large colonies of these birds in southern Australia and South America.
A total of 18 penguin species are known. They are different in size, there are some differences in color. but the main color is a contrasting black and white.
See photos of penguins.
Wahu fishing methods
Vaha caught on both artificial and natural bait. Given the size and habits of fish, apply traditional marine types of fishing: trolling, spinning. Sometimes fish are caught on fish cutting or “dead fish”. As already mentioned, fish rarely lives in depth, so all types of fishing are associated with moving the bait close to the surface of the water. Spinning tackle is used for fishing vzabros. Wahoo - aggressive predators, they sharply attack the bait, and therefore such fishing is characterized by a large number of emotions and stubborn resistance of the fish. It is necessary to prepare for a long vyvazhivam and struggle, in which it is difficult to predict the result.
Catching the wahoo on trolling
The wahoo, due to its size and temperament, is considered a worthy opponent. For their fishing will require the most serious fishing gear. To search for fish is most suitable method such as trolling. Sea trolling is a method of catching by means of a moving motor vehicle, such as a boat or a boat. For fishing in the oceans and seas, use specialized vessels, equipped with numerous devices. The main ones are the holders of rods, in addition, boats are equipped with chairs for hauling fish, a table for making baits, powerful echo sounders and other things. Rods are also used specialized, made of faberglass and other polymers with special fittings. Coils are used multiplier, maximum capacity. The device of trolling reels is subordinated to the main idea of such gear - strength. A mono, with a thickness of up to 4 mm or more, is measured, with such fishing, in kilometers. There are a lot of accessories that are used depending on the fishing conditions: for deepening the equipment, for placing baits in the fishing zone, for attaching bait, etc., including numerous items of equipment. Trolling, especially when hunting sea giants, is a group type of fishing. As a rule, several rods are used. In the case of the bite, for successful capture, team coordination is important. Before the trip, it is advisable to learn the rules of fishing in the region. In most cases, fishing is carried out by professional guides who are fully responsible for holding the event. It is worth noting that the search for a trophy at sea or in the ocean can be associated with many hours of biting, sometimes unsuccessful.
Catching the wahoo on spinning
Fishing also occurs most often from boats of various classes. For anglers, many anglers use spinning tackle for fishing "cast". For tackle, in spinning fishing for sea fish, as in the case of trolling, the main requirement is reliability. Coils should be with an impressive supply of fishing line or cord. In addition to a trouble-free brake system, the coil must be protected from salt water. Spin fishing from a ship may differ in the principles of feeding the bait. In many types of sea fishing technology, very fast wiring is required, which means high gear ratio of the winding mechanism. By the principle of action, the coils can be both multiplicative and inertia-free. Accordingly, rods are selected depending on the system of the coil. When fishing for spinning sea fish, fishing gear is very important. To select the correct wiring, you should consult with experienced local fishermen or guides.
For fishing wahoo used traditional sea bait, corresponding to the type of fishing. Trolling, most often, is caught on various jigs, wobblers and silicone imitations. Natural tips are also used. To do this, experienced guides make bait using special tooling. When fishing on a spinning, various sea lures, blades and other artificial imitations of aquatic creatures are more often used.
Fishing places and habitat
Wahus are heat-loving fish. The main habitat is the tropical waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. As a rule, keep closer to the surface.
It is difficult to determine the spawning season, according to some sources, the wahoo spawns all year. Most likely, the timing of spawning depends on the region and population. Icromet occurs in the pelargic zone. After fertilization, the eggs float freely in the upper water column and are devoured by other fish, therefore the number of surviving individuals from the litter is relatively small.
The main gear for fishing in haddock are various tooling for vertical fishing. In general, fish are caught along with other codfish. Given the habitat of haddock (near-bottom habitat near the coastline), do not go into the sea, they fish for various multi-hook gear and vertical luster. The catch can be considered as various accessories using natural baits.
The most successful way of fishing for haddock is sheer gloss. Fishing occurs from boats and boats of various classes. As with other cod fishermen, anglers use marine spinning tackle to havedock. For all tackles in spinning fishing for sea fish, as in the case of trolling, the main requirement is reliability. Coils should be with an impressive supply of fishing line or cord. In addition to the trouble-free braking system, the coil must be protected from salt water. Spin fishing from a ship may differ in the principles of feeding the bait. In many cases, fishing can take place at great depths, which means that there is a need for prolonged exhaustion of the forest, which requires some physical effort on the part of the angler and increased demands on the strength of gear and reels, in particular. By the principle of operation, the coils can be both multiplicative and inertia-free. Accordingly, the rods are selected depending on the system of the coil. When fishing for spinning sea fish is very important fishing technique. To select the correct wiring, you should consult with experienced local fishermen or guides. Large individuals do not come across often, but the fish has to be lifted from great depths, which creates considerable physical exertion when hauling out prey.
As already mentioned, the fish can be caught on the bait used to catch all cod. Including cutting of fish and mollusks. Experienced anglers say that haddock reacts better to the meat of mollusks, but at the same time fish slices are better kept on the hook. When fishing at great depths it is quite important. When fishing for artificial lures, various pilkers, silicone accessories and so on are used. It is possible to use the combined options.