Growing a broiler duck at home is not a particularly complicated procedure. But some recommendations for breeding this bird is still worth observing. In order to get a good yield of meat and fully use the potential of the selected breed, the bird should first of all be well fed. Ducks should also be provided with suitable housing conditions.
On homestead plots usually build a frame-shield. The construction of such structures is very inexpensive, and the ducks feel quite comfortable in them. If the bird is supposed to be kept not only in summer, but also in the cold season, the barn should be insulated. In order to insulate the walls, cheap mineral wool is usually used.
Broiler duck - a bird quite unpretentious. Therefore, sometimes home livestock with summer breeding even contain just under plastic wrap. In this case, ordinary inexpensive garden greenhouse structures are used as a poultry house.
The density of poultry landing in any shed should not exceed 16 ducks (up to 3 weeks old) or 8 heads of adults per square meter. Otherwise, the ducks will start fighting among themselves. And this is fraught with stress and illness.
The floors in the barn are wooden. Broiler duck (photos of the most common breeds can be seen in this article) - the bird is quite hardy and stable to low temperatures. However, on a cold concrete floor, it can still easily get cold. The same goes for drafts.
After laying wooden floors must be disinfected by spilling with slaked lime. Then on the floor rather thick layer of straw or hay is laid.
Walking for birds
For ducks, even for slow-moving broiler breeds, you should definitely take a walk. To do this, enclose a small area in front of the shed. In the walls of the house lazy suit. On a fenced site set low wooden or plastic feeders. Open water bowls on a walk or in a barn is not recommended. Broiler duck - a bird rather clean. But at the sight of water it is unlikely to resist the temptation to swim, and therefore, dissolve dirt in the range. Owners of the house should invest and buy nipple or drip drinkers.
Natural food is a very useful supplement for any waterfowl, including such as a broiler duck. At home, the cultivation of young meat will cost a bit cheaper if the site has at least a small pond. But, of course, it’s not worth relying entirely on natural feed when breeding broiler ducks. Feeding such a bird should be given maximum attention.
Broiler Ducks: Cultivation
Any domestic waterfowl is usually bred for meat. Eggs in ducks and geese are not very tasty. Moreover, the pores in their shells are very large. Because of this, an infection easily penetrates inside. Therefore, the eggs of these birds are used mainly only for breeding ducklings. Chicks of good meat breeds are very expensive, and therefore, in most cases, the owners of suburban areas prefer to incubate the young themselves.
Of course, only pure breeds can be raised at home. Chicks of meat hybrids that are particularly productive, each time have to buy again.
Broiler ducks, the cultivation of which is a simple procedure, in home gardens, as well as at enterprises, are usually fed no more than two months before slaughter. The fact is that at the age of 60 days the bird begins juvenile molt. On its skin are formed the so-called "hemp", spoiling the presentation of the carcass. Besides, feeding the ducks for more than two months is also simply unprofitable. The fact is that the appetite of the grown bird increases greatly. A lot of individuals older than two months are gaining very slowly.
It is also rational to slaughter young animals at the age of two months because in this case it will be possible to grow two or three in an ordinary barn, and in a heated barn up to six batches of ducklings per year.
The best broiler breeds
All domestic ducks bred in homestead farms, in the direction of productivity, are divided into three groups: egg, meat, and meat and egg. The last two varieties, as already mentioned, are grown in small farms most often. Of the meat breeds, the Peking, Moscow white and musk ducks are the most popular.
The weight of all these broilers gaining fast enough. However, meat hybrids are even more productive. Very popular with the owners of country sites, for example, cross cherry-velli. This broiler duck was bred on the basis of Peking breed. For 40 days, if properly fed, young Cherry-velli can gain weight up to 3.5 kg.
In some farms, another interesting hybrid is bred - the French broiler duck. As well as cherry-velli, this cross was bred on the basis of a Peking duck. The young of this breed are slaughtered at the age of 50 days. By this time, it usually reaches a weight of about 3.7 kg.
Very popular with the owners of country plots and another hybrid - broiler duck mulardy. As a result of the crossing of Peking and musky breeds, a cross with very tasty meat was obtained, quickly gaining weight.
Breeding at home
Chicks of meat breeds are usually artificially removed - in incubators. Before laying produce a strict selection of eggs. First of all examine their shells. If it is damaged, the eggs are rejected. Incubation is carried out at a temperature of 37-38 o C and humidity of 50-55%. Starting from the 15th day, periodic airing is performed. In this case, the eggs are sprayed with water. Ducks are usually displayed on the 27th day. Before hatching, the humidity in the incubator is increased to 80%. This can significantly increase the hatchability percentage.
The chicks out of the eggs are left in the incubator until the fluff dries. The air temperature in the nursery in the first week should be 28-30 o C, in the second it can be reduced to 20-22 o C, in the third - to 16-18 o C.
The development of the diet for breeding birds such as broiler duck, should be given special attention. Young animals should get enough protein, minerals and vitamins. Newly hatched chicks are fed boiled chicken or duck egg. It is usually mixed with crushed corn or any other cereal. You can also put curds in the feeders. On the third day in the diet of ducklings include cut greens: nettle, alfalfa, peas.
At three weeks of age, boiled potatoes, finely grated root crops, and fresh food waste are introduced into the chicks menu. Food in the feeders in ducklings should be constantly.
Adult broiler duck eats quite a lot at home. Grown-up individuals are fed three times a day. In the morning and at lunch the birds give wet mash, and in the evening concentrate. If the ducks are additionally released into the pond, the morning feeding is canceled. Otherwise, birds will not eat natural water food. In this case, in the morning they are driven out to the pond, and the mash is given in small quantities at about 11 hours. In the evening, as usual, feed concentrate.
The feeding method described above is called a combination. Sometimes when growing ducks, another method is used - dry. In this case, ducks up to three weeks of age feed only feed. Then partially transferred to a mixed diet. Broiler duck (photos are presented to your attention), fed in this way, is gaining weight much faster. Moreover, this technology reduces the labor cost of livestock maintenance. After all, the owners of the house when using feed does not need to spend time and effort on the preparation of mash. However, of course, the cost of growing a bird is more expensive in this case.
Broiler ducks, the breeding and maintenance of which - the procedures are not particularly complex, - the birds are very productive and unpretentious. Having developed a proper diet for livestock, you can not only provide yourself and your family with tasty meat of a unique composition, but also earn money by selling carcasses.
Breed of broiler ducks
Broiler is a concept that unites all meat breeds of poultry, bred artificially. The existing broiler breeds of ducks were obtained by breeding two varieties - Beijing White and American Musk.
The most common breed of broiler duck in breeding are Peking ducks. In about two and a half months, with proper cultivation, the cross quickly gains a mass of more than three kilograms. The egg production of Peking ducks begins at the age of 25-26 weeks. This species in the poultry industry was used for breeding one of the large breeds - "Chery-Veli", characterized by high growth rates, excellent taste properties of the liver and meat.
Meat Muscovy ducks on taste properties close to the meat of wild relatives. Representatives of this cross can do without ponds, but they absolutely do not tolerate sub-zero temperatures, therefore they are suitable for breeding and breeding only in warm regions of our country. Weight ducks - 3-3.5 kg, drake - 6 kg.
Another popular breed, which was bred by French breeders, is Mulard. Cross created by crossing Peking and Muskan breeds. The ducklings, regardless of the type of feeding, grow very quickly, gain weight, and adapt well to different climatic conditions. Cross is ideal for intensive feeding. For a successful fattening, Mulardam at the age of 25-28 days pruned claws and beak.
The minimum amount of mulard meat contains fat, has a delicate flavor, is considered dietary.. Cross breeding can only be done artificially, since the female is initially sterile. Ducklings of this variety can be obtained by sharing the common ducks and Peking drakes.
On the territory of the former CIS were other promising, productive breeds based on Beijing and American Muskan breed:
The birds of these crosses are not pretentious to the conditions of housing, quickly gain weight with minimal cost of feed, have high egg production rates. The weight of ducklings by two months is three to four kilograms, which can be considered a very good indicator.
High profitability characterized meat broilers breed "Agidel", derived from the efforts of domestic breeders. Cross every year gaining increasing popularity in the farming poultry. You can grow this variety without problems at home, in small farms.
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Broiler ducks adapt perfectly to our climatic conditions, they are not pretentious to the conditions of detention, do not require high-calorie concentrated feed, are distinguished by high egg production (120-150 eggs per year), are productive, have a calm character and temper. Breeding is possible in incubators and chicks.
Unlike other breeds, broilers "Agidel" not so susceptible to disease. The survival rate of young stock is 98-99.5%. On the basis of this breed, in the process of selection, two crosses were bred - “Agidel 34”, “Agidel 345”.
The most common breeds are:
- Super M4,
- Indian runner
- Cherry Valley,
- Hungarian variegated,
- Moscow White duck.
Features of growing
Growing broiler ducks at home occurs mainly floor method. For this reason, for the maintenance of birds allocate a fairly spacious in size, dry place. The room must first be disinfected, have a well-established ventilation system.
Pay attention when growing broilers need lighting, humidity, microclimate, temperature. During the first week of life, so that the ducklings do not rush in panic, do not injure each other, the room should be lit 24 hours a day. Gradually, the duration of daylight is reduced to 9-10 hours. In summer, good air exchange is very important.
The humidity level in poultry houses is 65-70%, the temperature is not lower than 23-24 degrees. If the temperature regime is not chosen correctly, the ducklings will be slow-moving, lethargic.
It is not necessary to keep the bird in small poultry houses. With overpopulation, broilers feel uncomfortable, growth slows down, duck development, and weight gain is poor. Up to one month of age, 16 individuals can be accommodated on one square meter, in the future, the best option for 1m2 is seven to eight ducks.
The floor is lined with 15-20 cm layer of bedding of hay, straw, peat, shavings. To reduce the level of humidity, as an additional disinfection, powder can be added to the bedding - 0.5 kg per m2.
The term of broiler broiler production is three months., after which the bird begins to form "koldochki", which are difficult to pull out. During the first 12 weeks of fattening, the body weight of ducks is 5.5-6.5 kg. The formation of "koldok" occurs in the period of juvenile molting, which begins approximately at the age of 60 days. The need for feed increases, carcasses lose their presentation.
Some farmers, owners of household plots prefer to grow broiler ducklings not in the home, in the natural - in water bodies for four to five months. This method allows you to reduce the cost of feed, but allows for the season to grow only one herd. With the maintenance of ducks on pasture fodder it is difficult to achieve the desired weight, incorporated in the genotype of the breed.
The construction of the building does not require large financial costs, ideal for the maintenance of broiler breeds. When planning to breed broiler ducks during the cold period of the year, the house is insulated with mineral wool, plastic wrap. Disinfection of floors is carried out, a two-layer bedding of hay, straw is laid, ventilation is arranged.
For walking the birds take away a spacious area in front of the house, protecting it around the perimeter of the fence. On the fenced site establish drinking bowls of the closed type and feeders. Open drinking bowls should not be installed either in duck premises or in walking areas. Ideally, if the site will be equipped with a small pond.
The content of broiler ducks in the pen in the summer
Keeping ducklings in cages
According to experienced farmers, in the first 10-15 days of life, broiler chickens should be kept in cages in small groups. This method facilitates the care of the bird, allows you to mechanize the process of feeding, automate the flow of water. This method of rearing, keeping broiler ducks is often used in conditions of poultry farms, poultry farms. Since the ducklings are limited in movement, the increase in live weight increases, thereby reducing the cost of feed.
Unfortunately, there are no ready-made special cells for sale.therefore, if you decide to keep ducklings in a similar way in a personal farming environment, you must build your own birdcage.
In poultry farms practice growing broiler pitching in stationary summer "camps", lightweight poultry houses, assembled from wooden or metal elements. Given the high consumption of litter material, use mesh flooring from durable materials.
Features of feeding at home
For successful development, the health of ducklings of broiler breeds from the very first day is very important to choose the optimal mode, the diet. Ducklings must be given food in the first 16-18 hours of their life. The first feeding is very important not only for the normal development, but also for the vital activity of the young.
For the first feeds, finely chopped boiled eggs are used, the starter feed developed by a special formula. In the first week of life, the ducklings are fed seven to eight times a day, gradually transferring the young to 4 meals a day.
As they mature, solid, concentrated feeds are gradually introduced into the diet. (compound feed), food additives, so as not to cause problems in the work of the digestive tract. Food should be nutritious, balanced in content of raw proteins, fiber, phosphorus, amino acids, macro- and microelements.
In the first 20 days in feed ducklings per 100 g should be:
- 20% crude protein,
- 5% fiber,
- 25% calcium,
- 08% phosphorus,
- 05% sodium,
- wheat - 18%.
According to experienced farmers, It is advisable to give the ducklings concentrated feeds only until the age of three weeks. After that, the bird is gradually transferred to cereal feed with the addition of greenery, as ducks belong to the herbivorous species of birds.
Recently hatched broiler ducklings
If you drastically change the type of feed, transfer the ducks to combined concentrated feed, the bird can lose much weight. It is possible to transfer ducks completely to grain from the third week of their life. Если бройлеров перевести на подножный корм, они будут медленнее набирать в весе, могут не достичь оптимальной массы.
Обогащать корм пищевыми добавками нужно по мере роста, развития птицы, отслеживая показатели прироста живой массы. As a nutritional supplements apply special feed, premix, bone, grass meal, fish oil, egg shells, mash, cooked in skim milk. Diversify the diet of broilers can be boiled roots, fresh greens, vegetables.
When feeding laying ducks, by the time of egg production, the individual should have a normal live weight. Recommend the use of full-feed combination feed. The feed should contain two or three types of grain, 10% of the total mass of proteins, 7% of fiber, up to 10% of grain waste, 4% of animal feed, 5-6% of mineral feed.
Ducks eat well green fodder, root vegetables, combined silage. The daily energy requirement is 556-605 kcal, 38-46% of crude protein. Feed must be enriched with calcium, magnesium, phosphorus.
With a combined type of feeding, the ration of laying ducks should consist of 45-55% grain solid feed, 55% of feed mixtures. Hens are fed three times a day. In the first half of the day give wet food, mash on skim milk, cereal mixture at night.
To improve the amino acid composition can be added to the feed of leguminous crops. With a decrease in productivity up to 55-60%, part of the feed is replaced by grain. After the completion of the egg-laying cycle, 30% of the total ration is grain, 70% of the feed.
Diseases of broiler breeds ducks
Broiler ducks susceptible to infectious, viral, bacterial, non-infectious systemic diseases. The most commonly diagnosed diseases of broiler ducklings include:
If you do not choose the right diet, broilers are diagnosed with avitaminosis-A in ducks. Manifested by decreased activity, lethargy, conjunctivitis, loss of appetite, developmental delay. The bird noted dry eyes, the appearance of ulcers on the head, neck.
With a lack of vitamin E in poultry muscle cramps, spasms, loss of appetite, and weak pulse are noted. Tocopherol is used for treatment, which is added one drop at each feeding. For the prevention of young animals give cereal mixtures, fresh vegetables, hay flour.
Grown broiler ducks
With a shortage of mineral components, biologically active substances, broilers develop Livska disease in which ducklings begin to pluck feathers, eat inedible objects, bedding, soil, and stones. For treatment, iodized salt and crushed bone meal are injected into the diet.
Ducklings under the age of 30 days are subject to kutikulitu. The disease is accompanied by profuse diarrhea. In fecal masses, residues of undigested food are noticeable. The bird loses weight, refuses to feed. To eliminate the first symptoms, nicotinic acid, vitamin A, iron sulfate is introduced into the diet. You can add several manganese crystals to the water.
Common diseases of broilers include omphalitis, catarrh, partial blockage of goiter. Ducks refuses to feed, becomes inactive, sluggish. With non-compliance with the temperature, high humidity in poultry houses, the development of colds, pathologies of the respiratory system (sinusitis, flu) is possible.
For the treatment of infectious diseases, on the recommendation of a veterinary specialist, antibiotic therapy and tetracycline preparations are prescribed. The incurable diseases of broiler ducks include typhoid, cholera.
For the prevention of infectious and bacterial diseases, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for keeping birds, choose nutritious, fully balanced feeds for feeding, add additional feed additives, premixes to the diet.
According to experienced farmers the most unpretentious in the cultivation of Mularda. For any type of feeding, the cross quickly gains weight. Like Muskan rocks, Mulardians are in good health, have a calm disposition, and are quiet. Not suitable for seasonal breeding. Many breeders bred Mulardov because of tasty, juicy, tender meat, duck liver.
Due to the high cost of ducklings, lack of a stable market for meat products, some farmers prefer the cross-country Hungarian variegated. Representatives of this variety have a lower cost, are not inferior in productivity Mulardam.
Positive feedback has earned the Beijing breed. Ducks grow rapidly, gain weight, are distinguished by endurance, and high egg yield. At 50 days of age reach four kg. The most intensive growth is observed at the age of 6-8 weeks. The meat is juicy, tasty, but fibrous compared to other breeds.
Despite the simple maintenance of broiler breeds of ducks, in order to grow a healthy number of poultry it is necessary to ensure optimal conditions for keeping and feeding.
Picking up the right balanced diet, you can get at the exit excellent in taste, nutritional properties of meat, profits from the sale of carcasses. The type of feeding largely depends on whether ducks are raised for meat or as breeding material for breeding.
Peking duck is deservedly considered one of the best meat breeds. It is not difficult to distinguish it from others. In color, the Peking duck is the most common white. Birds are different:
- powerful physique
- broad chest and back,
- wide legs
- large developed head
- short curved neck
- bulging forehead
- bright orange large, flat beak.
Adult ducks reach a weight of three and a half kilograms, while drakes can even reach four. Egg production reaches 120 eggs per year, the weight of one egg exceeds 90 grams. At one and a half months the ducklings have a weight of about 3 kg, and their meat is already distinguished by high nutritional value, softness and juiciness. Duck meat is less fatty than adult duck meat.
It is easy to breed Pekingians. They can live without water and unpretentious food. Birds are equally well bred in hot and cold climates. If they are bred only for meat, slaughter can begin as early as 2 months after breeding before the onset of molting.
Peking ducks are distinguished from other breeds by an accelerated metabolism and the presence of a small intestine. Food absorption occurs in just 4 hours. It is therefore very important to ensure the availability of food for the birds, which guarantees a good weight gain. Since this is a meat breed, protein foods should prevail in the diet. The ducks of this breed are omnivorous and with equal pleasure they absorb both vegetable feed and animal origin.
This breed is the ancestor of most broiler breeds. Muscovy duck is also found under the name Indoot. The duck has no relation to turkeys, and the name is due to the fact that it has a fleshy growth in the area of the head, which emits fat with a musky smell. The distinctive features of Indo-ducks include:
- the red skin around the eyes and beak in males,
- red folds and bumps on the head of the drakes,
- the smell of musk coming from them
- pink beak with a tip curved down,
- an extended wide head at the drakes,
- stocky elongated body,
- short black legs
- a bunch of feathers on the head, becoming upright when the bird is excited emotionally,
- You can meet representatives of the breed, painted in dark, white, chocolate, black, brown and blue colors.
Musk drake is larger than a female and weighs up to 6 kg, and the weight of a female rarely exceeds 3.5 kg. Indo-dishes are famous for tasty dietary red meat with a low fat content, although the duck can be carried every day with tasty large eggs with a large yolk. This poultry has an average egg production, eggs lays up to 120 pieces in the spring-summer season. One egg weighs about 70 g.
Indeutout hardy, have a calm character, unpretentious and low-susceptible to any kind of disease. If they contain ducks in warm and dry conditions, they rarely get sick. Indooutses are most often affected by diseases such as catarrh of the goiter and inflammation of the cloaca. Can they get sick gluttony. Quite often they have puffs. Indo-badly cuts fast enough.
The Mulard ducks are relatively new hybrids bred in the process of crossing Peking ducks with Musk and other breeds. Moulards are larger in size than their ancestors - Peking ducks and hawks. Different Millardes:
- tightly knit trunk with well-developed muscles,
- medium head,
- slightly elongated beak,
- longer than Pekingans, neck.
Growing mulard attracts with its productivity: in 2-3 months the bird grows to a weight of 4 kg. With the same spending on food from the mulardov meat is obtained more than from Pekingans, and it tastes just as juicy and tender. Duck Mulard is a bird with excellent health.
Moulard broilers adapt well to different conditions of housing, withstand short-term decreases in temperature and consistently gain weight on any diet.
Some tips on broiler duck breeding
An approximate feeding ration looks like this:
- Grain, bran - 45%,
- Legumes - 10%,
- Greens - 50%
- Chalk - 2.5%,
- Fish oil - 1.5%.
What other recommendations can be listed for the effective and successful cultivation of broilers:
- dry ventilated room - a guarantee of good health of broilers,
- the floor is lined with a litter of straw, peat or chips not less than 15 cm thick. The litter needs to be changed as it gets dirty,
- under the litter on the floor poured lime-fluff for disinfection purposes (per 1 sq. m - 0.5 kg),
- Ventilate the room with ducks need at least 1 time in 2 days.
Even a novice poultry breeder can cope with broiler breeding. The key to the success of enterprises will be maintaining the temperature and purity of the room, as well as a balanced diet. For 5-7 weeks with proper care, you can grow a broiler weighing up to four kilograms, which is the optimal mass for meat. The maximum period of growing broiler ducks is 3 months. After this period, hard-to-remove “blocks” are formed in the duck's plumage.
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If the duck is kept in the right conditions, no diseases are terrible for her. However, if conditions leave much to be desired or the diet is not balanced, the following diseases may begin:
- Avitaminosis A is the most common disease in ducklings. The first symptoms of beriberi will be: lacrimation, rhinitis, loss of appetite. Adult ducks may begin to sway when walking, egg production deteriorates, paws and beak fade. In the feed should immediately enter the carrots, greens, pine needles.
- In avitaminosis D, poor growth of the population is observed due to the disturbance of mineral metabolism and softening of the bones. Ducks are distinguished by deformation of the skeleton, softening of the beak, shaky gait. Another alarming symptom is soft-shelled eggs. Help in the treatment of mineral supplements, yeast and fish oil.
- Pathologies of the nervous system manifest weakness of the limbs, convulsions, paresis of the head and wings, drooping of the head. Greens, yeast, bran, grain seedlings and dairy products should be added to the feed.
- Plucking plumage is associated with a lack of protein foods and trace elements, as well as poor sanitary condition of the house. As a preventive measure, birds should be given more greenery, monitor the cleanliness of the room and, more often, walk the bird.
A preventive measure against infectious diseases is regular cleaning and disinfection of the house with bleach and formalin processing of inventory.
Growing broiler ducks at home
Grow these birds outdoor method. For keeping the ducks, a spacious, dry, disinfected room with a good ventilation system is required.
Worth pay special attention to lighting, humidity and temperature. Overheating or overcooling can reduce the immune system of birds. They will become sedentary and lethargic.
After the birth of ducklings, during the week the room should be lit all day. This is necessary to ensure that newborn chicks are not injured. Then you can gradually reduce the daylight hours.
The temperature in the house should be at least 24 degrees Celsius. The humidity level should be around 70%.
Care must be taken to ensure that poultry houses are not overcrowded. This may provoke a slowdown in the development and growth of ducks.
On the floor should be a bed of hay or straw, its layer should be about twenty centimeters. Under it should be poured lime fluff (about 0.5 kg per square meter). Lime will serve as an additional disinfection. The litter will need to be updated periodically.
In front of the house they organize a space for walking birds, which is fenced. In this area it is necessary to put closed drinkers and feeders. It is considered a big plus if there is a small pond on the site.
Feeding broiler ducks at home
When growing birds is very important to adjust the diet of ducklings, in order for them to be healthy and successfully developed. The first feeding is necessary not later than 16 hours after the birth of ducklings. At first, young animals are fed 8 times a day, then you can switch to four meals a day. You can feed boiled eggs, as well as special starter feed.
As they grow up, ducklings can be transferred to more solid feed. In the feed should be a certain amount of crude protein, phosphorus, fiber, as well as amino acids and macro and micronutrients.
After three weeks of age, ducklings can be converted to cereal feeds, in which greens must be added..
While growing broilers, you can use as feedings:
- bone or grass meal,
- fish fat,
- egg shells.
Vegetables and combined silage can also be added to the diet.
Diseases of broiler ducks
Birds can be susceptible to various kinds of diseases.
Common diseases of ducks include:
With improper feeding can decrease the activity of birds. They may become lethargic, their appetite will decrease. Conjunctivitis may also occur.
If the diet of birds does not contain enough vitamin E, then the birds can begin muscle cramps and spasms.
If the feed is not saturated with mineral and biologically active substances, then ducklings may begin to have Livonie disease. In this disease, ducklings can eat inedible items.
It is possible to refer to quite widespread diseases of broiler ducks catarrh and partial goiter obstruction. In these diseases, there is a loss of appetite in birds, and they also become lethargic and do not move much.
Influenza and sinusitis can occur in birds, if you do not observe the temperature, and also do not monitor the humidity in the room.
Up to one month of age, ducks cuticle. The bird begins profuse diarrhea and there is a decrease in weight.
It is important to know that as soon as the first signs of the disease are noticed, infected ducklings need to be isolated. Next, you should contact your veterinarian.
In conclusion, you can add that broiler ducks to grow at home is not so difficult. However, you must follow all rules of feeding and carefully care for the bird.
Broiler Duck Breeds
Modern breeds of broiler ducks were obtained as a result of successful crossing of two breeds of ancestors: Beijing White and American Musk. For us, this is the well-known indiotki.
Farmers are more likely to have Beijing broiler ducks, which have a lot of merit. Peking broiler ducks are growing and gaining weight at an accelerated pace, and their meat is tasty and tender.
The taste of musk ducks is similar to the taste of their wild counterparts. It should be noted that representatives of this breed do not tolerate temperatures below 0 ° C, so their cultivation at home is possible only in regions with a warm climate.
Also among breeders the following breeds are popular:
- Cross Cherry Valley - one of the best broiler breeds. These birds look aristocratically, grow quickly and gain weight, give delicious meat. Females are distinguished by increased egg production: the performance of a six-month-old duck is about 150 eggs.
- Cross Mularda - breed, obtained by crossing the Peking and Muskid ducks. Mulardy chicks grow well with any type of feeding. Mulard meat is gentle and suitable for dietary nutrition. The mulardy females are sterile; therefore, broilers of this breed can only be bred artificially. According to the reviews, it is the mulardy that is the most unpretentious among all the ducks of meat breeds.
- Agidel - this breed is becoming more and more popular among poultry farmers. The description of this breed includes unpretentious care, calm character and high resistance to various diseases. Their content and breeding are quite simple and inexpensive. The birds are covered with white plumage, very calm and not noisy. Duck meat contains a small percentage of fat and is suitable for dietary nutrition.
- The breeds such as Medeo, Hungarian Motley, Indian Runner, Blagovarsky, Black and White Breast, as well as the French breed Star-53 also proved excellent. Птицы этих пород имеют прекрасные характеристики, а их содержание и выращивание не требует больших усилий.
Для наглядности можно посмотреть птиц всех пород на фото и видео.
It is very important from the first days of life to ensure ducklings proper feeding and a balanced diet. Newborn chicks should be fed during the first 18 hours after hatching, using chopped hard-boiled eggs or, preferably, starting feed for broilers as their first food. In the first 7 days after the birth of ducklings, they must be fed very often: 7-8 times a day. Then the little duck begins to smoothly translate into 4 meals a day.
Gradually (in no way abruptly!) Solid feed for broilers containing all the necessary nutrients and nutrients is introduced into the diet of ducklings.
From three weeks of age, ducklings begin to smoothly translate into grain feed and grass. As the birds grow older, various premixes and additives are added to their food, for example, fish oil and meat and bone meal. Also, food can be diversified with fresh vegetables.
According to the norms, a duckling at the age of 1 to 3 weeks should get together with food:
- 20% protein,
- 5% crude fiber,
- 1.2% calcium,
- 0.8% phosphorus,
- 0.4% sodium.
For ducklings older than three weeks, feeding and rates vary slightly. The protein content in their diet should not exceed 18%, the amount of fiber increases to 6%, and the percentage of sodium, calcium and phosphorus remains the same.
In order to understand whether the breeder feeds the duck correctly, it is necessary to regularly weigh the birds and use special tables to check whether the weight complies with the norm established for the given age and given breed. In case of serious abnormalities, you should review the feeding and diet, as well as contact your veterinarian.
Diseases of broiler ducks
Breeders who decide to raise broiler ducks at home may face such an unpleasant phenomenon as various diseases. As a result, ducks reduce weight, they feed poorly and die en masse. Most often, the duck is worried about the lack of vitamins and nutrients in the diet.
So, with a lack of vitamin A, birds become inactive, lagging behind in development, they may develop conjunctivitis, as well as sores. With vitamin E deficiency, seizures appear, and the pulse becomes weak. For the prevention of avitaminosis, you need to ensure that the ducklings have enough fresh herbs and vegetables in their diet.
With a shortage of minerals, Livna’s disease develops, in which broiler ducks peck out their own feathers and try to eat inedible objects: pebbles, sawdust. When these symptoms appear, bone meal must be added to the duck's diet.
Little ducklings may suffer from cuticle, which is accompanied by diarrhea and lack of appetite. For the treatment of the disease it is necessary to enrich the diet with vitamin A and nicotinic acid.
If the temperature is not correct, ducks may have colds. Qatar and omphalitis are also common in birds. Birds become lethargic and inert, refuse to feed.
If you suspect any infectious disease of affected birds, you should immediately be seated in an isolated place and consult a veterinarian.
As you can see, growing, maintaining and breeding broiler ducks at home is not particularly difficult. The main thing is to follow all the recommendations, pay attention to feeding and careful care, then every breeder is able to get excellent meat.