Tamed 1000 years ago, today the cow has become a pet, unable to survive in the wild. The owners are interested in the question of how much the cow lives, which is not accidental, because the need to update the livestock to generate income depends on it. The ability to determine the age of the animal is required when buying a new pet, so that the dishonest seller does not sell the old animal, which is useless on the farm. It’s better for a novice farmer to go for a cow with an experienced breeder or veterinarian who does not confuse the animal’s age by checking it in the teeth. An assistant will appreciate the general condition of the cows, which will not be superfluous.
Average data on the life expectancy of a cow
A number of factors affect the life span of cows, ranging from climate to breed. However, there are general statistics that reflect the average life of animals. A female cat can live to 25 years, and with good care and good health even up to 40 years, but less often. In Russia, according to statistics, the lifespan of cows is 20 years. There is an officially registered long-lived cow, Big Berta, who lived for 49 years, a little before the 50th jubilee.
Bulls live less - 15 years.
Strong and healthy cows are those that live in villages far from major cities, near which, due to environmental factors, animal health is undermined.
If cows were left after the cessation of lactation by age to live in retirement, then most likely, Big Berta would not be the only long-lived woman.
How many are holding a cow
The cows keep up to 12 calves in their personal farmstead. After it, the animal loses its ability to reproduce, which means that at the end of the lactation period, the cows will not be able to resume it again. If the first time to cover a heifer in 2 years and then receive calves from it annually, then the profitable period will be 15 years. After that, from the cows receive only meat, to which it is sent.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that a number of dairy breeds that are distinguished by particularly high milk yields live less than 4 years, and, accordingly, grow old after 8 calving. Duration of lactation plays a major role in how many years the cow lives.
Signs of old age in animals are:
- Prolonged sleep
- Decreased appetite
- Strong tooth wear,
- Reducing the volume of milk until its complete absence.
With these manifestations of old age, the little girl is replaced with a young one. The aged bolenka is slaughtered for meat or left to live out of retirement.
Periods of life
The life of each cow can be divided into 3 periods. Knowing them, the farmer will be able to buy an animal in the most productive age.
- From 1 year to 18 months - ripening. The little girl is already large, and she begins to have a hunt, but she is not ready for mating because of insufficient development of the organism,
- From 2 years to 15 years - maturity. The cow gives offspring and milk,
- 15 years and more - old age - lactation stops, fertilization does not occur, or ugly inferior offspring is born.
A farmer needs to buy a little chick from 2 to 4 years, then the yield from the animal is maximum. If you buy a baby girl that is older than 6 years, then the lactation period will not be long, and if you plan to keep the animal for a long time - this option is not the best.
Factors affecting life expectancy
How many lives a cow will be affected by many factors. In large farms, little hens live not long - from 7 to 10 years, until their milk yield begins to decline. In the personal farm, however, animals contain up to 15 years. The main factors affecting the life of a cow are:
- In what natural zone does the pet live - if the cows live in the cold most of the year or, conversely, in extreme heat, their body wears out faster. Immunity weakens and they get sick more often. A short grazing period also reduces the duration of the productive period, disrupting metabolic processes in the body,
- Conditions of keeping - when a cow lives in inadequate conditions, suffering from closeness and dampness, it is not uncommon to die of diseases even unearly. If this does not happen, the pet begins to lose productivity at the age of about 10 years, which greatly reduces the profitability of its maintenance,
- Individual peculiarities - if an animal has malformations, or it has suffered diseases, you should not count on the maximum lifespan,
- Breed - animals with different productivity wear out,
- The quality of growing a calf - if during the period of the formation of the organism the animal did not receive the necessary substances, it is weakened and incapable of a full life
- Food quality - if an animal does not receive enough vitamins and minerals, and the amount of food for it is small, then its health deteriorates.
The psychological state from which the life expectancy of cows is increasing deserves special attention. When it experiences constant stress, there is a decrease in immunity, which shortens the cow age. In order for the cow woman to live as long as possible, you need to treat her gently and carefully. It is noticed that if the owner gives his pet a sufficient amount of time, strokes it and talks to it, the animal’s condition improves, and the maximum milk yield lasts longer.
A caring owner will have a cow living up to 17 years old, without losing productivity. Her further fate is in the hands of the breeder, since after the end of lactation the pet is left or handed over for meat. Not infrequently, the owners, tied to their cows, give her the opportunity to survive to their natural death.
How to determine the age of the animal
How to determine the age of the cow should know every farmer. The definition is carried out in the teeth. Like all animals, at first they are dairy, and then replaced with permanent ones. It is better to carry out the definition of incisors, hooks on which the changes are most clearly visible.
They grow up in 2 years, and are erased, starting with 7 years. When a cow reaches the age of 9 years, the incisor surface becomes quadrangular. Rare incisors are 12 years. After that, determine the age of the animal is no longer possible, and not necessary.
By creating good conditions for his nursery and observing disease prevention measures, the owner increases the life of the nursery. The worse the owner treats his cow, the shorter her productive period will be. This feature must be taken into account.
How long can a cow live?
The duration of the animal and the economic indicators of the farm depend on the quality of life of the animal; therefore, farmers are interested to ensure proper living conditions. Lifetime is affected by:
- food - pastures with juicy and nutritious grass in the summer period, full-fledged mixed feed in the winter,
- care and maintenance - warm barn, daily stall cleaning, cleanliness of the body, regular vet examinations, vaccinations,
Important! Careful and caring attitude positively affects the amount of milk and the duration of the productive period of the animal as a whole.
- heredity - the absence of congenital diseases,
- breed features
- epidemiological situation in the region,
- climatic features of the region.
The lifespan of meat breeds is only 2 years. After the bulls reach the age of 15-18 months, the daily weight gain decreases, while the feed costs remain the same, therefore, the maintenance of meat breeds longer than two years of age is economically disadvantageous.
The dairy period of a cow begins at the age of 2-3 years, after the first calving, and lasts 12-14 years. During the life of a cow calves up to 12 times. Up to 5-6 calving, milk yield is consistently high, but after the 8th birth the amount of milk decreases. Upon reaching 15 years of age, milk yield decreases, and the reproduction function dies away.
In the conditions of industrial animal husbandry, the life expectancy of a cow is 7-8 years, in a farm - 10-12 years, in a household - 15-20 years. At the end of the dairy and calving period, the cow is transferred to fattening and then rented to meat.
How to determine the age of the cow?
When buying an adult animal try to correctly determine its age. Teeth, their thickness and condition of enamel are considered to be a bright indicator of past years.
So, the teeth of cows:
- to 3-4 months okrayki are aligned,
- in 4-6 months, there are first signs of abrasion of the front and side,
- by 9 months the main teeth are already worn, okraki with signs of initial abrasion,
- By year 1, milk teeth are half erased,
- 15-18 months noticeably stagger,
- from 1 year 18 months to 4 years, milk teeth are completely replaced with permanent ones,
- in 4-5 years, there are signs of abrasion of permanent teeth,
- at 6 years old, half erased
- at the age of 7, the shape resembles rectangles,
- for 10 years, the enamel is almost completely worn,
- by the age of 13-14, the teeth are thinning, gaps appear,
- by the age of 15 some incisors have already been erased to the gum,
- at 15-17 the fallout begins.
Horned nurse from time immemorial supplied man with essential goods: milk, cottage cheese, meat, was considered the savior of the family. It is noticed that cows "respond" to a person for caring, caress and careful handling by increasing the yield of tasty milk.
How many years has the cow lived?
In some countries, this animal is able to live for about 18–20 years, while in others the life span of an individual remains within 5–7 years. By tradition, cows living for many years live in India, where cattle are considered especially revered. Here people do not care about the number of years that an adult cow will live, and does not care about its productivity, they just care and care for cattle. In Russia, cows very rarely live to 10-12 years.
Experts have shown that individuals living in rural areas feel better, because here they get clean air, fresh green grass, and also hear the sounds of wildlife. In urban conditions, when gassed air, small areas and noisy streets, cows feel uncomfortable and are most susceptible to diseases.
Features and characteristics
This will depend on the type of cow, its health and some other factors. How much does a cow live? Ruminants bringing milk live on average about 20–25 years old. But the time at which an individual is able to carry productive utility is very limited and much less than its possible lifespan. On average, livestock in the dairy farm are 8–10 years old, and cows with high pedigree even longer.
Diseases of both infectious nature and no influence the health of the animal very much. Also, the body of livestock is constantly depleted in the presence of beriberi, parasitic diseases and diseases. Diseases lead to a decrease in productive abilities: mastitis, endometritis and others.
- The diet of the animal.
The diet of the animal can how to positively affect the life of the animal, and harm it, causing premature aging of the whole organism. The main thing is not to forget that the productivity of a cow depends on its productivity and health, and, accordingly, its life on the farm. For example, feeding individuals with a large amount of coarse and hard-to-feed food leads to the rapid erasure of the enamel of the teeth of an animal, which, in turn, also affects life expectancy. After all, teeth can be called an essential tool in the digestive processes of the body.
In the farm often happens the early withdrawal of the animal from the farm due to such diseasesas traumatic reticulitis, acidosis, vitamin deficiency, microelement metabolic disorders and many other diseases caused by animal nutrition problems.
- Conditionsthat contain an animal. The condition of an individual is influenced both by the person who cares and cares for the health of the cow, as well as other factors: climatic features, ecological situation. It is known that where the pasture period is longer, cows live longer than in areas with a harsh climate. Long-term housing, feeding on coarse food particles that are not rich in microelements and vitamins - all of this greatly affects the level of livestock health and the life expectancy of the animal.
- Frequency of use and operation for business purposes. In industrial plants, cows are used with the greatest intensity, which also affects the overall life of a dairy animal. Cows can be milked too often, which will affect bone tissue and make it extremely fragile and coarse. On private farms, the duration of the animal’s life is 3–4 years; individuals with a special breed try to keep it as long as possible. The use of cows in non-industrial economy, and in dairy cattle breeding lasts 6–8 years.
It is also known that the duration of daylight, the quality of the surrounding air, as well as many other various factors, can affect the life span of animals and their health. After all, no wonder the word animal is a synonym for the word living.
Life expectancy in the household
As practice shows, the majority of domestic dairy cows live on average about 15-17 years. During this time, the animal is able to give 10-12 calving. After 15 years of age, a Burenka loses the ability to reproduce offspring, and therefore, to give milk. It does not sound sad, but after that most of the owners give the animal for meat.
You ask, why don't they love their Nurse? They love, but to keep an animal that will bring only losses is very unprofitable. Most villagers can not afford it from an economic point of view. To find out how much a cow can live, you need to know the breed of the animal, its individual characteristics, as well as the area and country of residence.
As we have said, in the household, cows live for about 15-17 years, on farms less - 12-14 years. However, this does not apply to our country. The fact is that analyzing the latest statistical data in Russia, the life expectancy of cows is much less than in other countries of the world.
This is due primarily to the peculiarity of climatic conditions. In many regions of our homeland there is a harsh climate, from which a poor food base and scarcity of the pasture period. Of course, food influences life expectancy in many respects, but care also plays a significant role.
In most cases, in Russia, keeping a cow is a business. More than 80% of dairy and beef cattle live in large farms, where, of course, employees are physically unable to give each cow the proper attention and provide the necessary comfort.
Moreover, it is worth noting that in recent years, cattle breeding has been losing a huge number of animals. In pursuit of money, the farm owners do not comply with the necessary conditions for keeping animals, which is why their life expectancy is sharply reduced. In some private farms, the cows do not live up to 7 years.
And how are things in other countries?
A completely different picture is presented in many foreign countries of the world, where it is customary to keep cows in private small possessions. However, even in large farms there cows live quite a long time. How many? For example, in India and in Israel, animals live to a record number of years - 35-40. This is easily explained by the conditions that are created for cows.
So, for example, cows in Israel, as they say, bathe like cheese in oil: not only do they take a shower several times a day there, highly skilled livestock technicians take care of them, they also listen to music.
Each Burenka is examined and gets the most suitable for her individual nutrition. Taking into account not only the physical, but also the mental state, a ration and a complex of dietary supplements are prepared for the cow.
All our Russian cows dream of such a life!
What affects the duration?
As you have already understood from the above, the life expectancy of cows is mainly influenced by the area where they live, food and care. As practice shows, more healthy physically and mentally animals live in small villages, villages. But in the city too many factors reduce the age of cows. Consider all the factors:
- climatic region and country
- individual characteristics (genetics, heredity, congenital pathologies),
- care and maintenance
- love and attention of a person.
Note that although we put the factor of love and attention to the animal in last place, in practice it occupies one of the first positions. Love and affection can really work wonders. If you pay due attention to your Burenka, take care of her, she will not only please you with high yields, but also with her productive longevity.
Life expectancy of a cow: factors and methods for determining age
Business March 4, 2015
Everyone knows who can be called the most important breadwinner of all people - a cow. Since childhood, we know the taste of milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, butter.
These products are not only very healthy, without them it is impossible to cook a lot of delicious dishes. Каждая хозяйка сможет подтвердить этот факт.
Вряд ли кто-то из нас задумывается над вопросом, как появляется молоко или сколько живет корова.
Особенности поведения коровы
Уже очень долго коровы постоянно присутствуют в жизни человека, и люди смогли накопить большое количество сведений об этих животных. For example, how they eat food, eat, drink, and how long a cow lives.
There are also very interesting facts, such as the indifferent attitude of cows to music. They can even recognize it by rhythm. Cow colors do not distinguish, because they see only one - white.
Not only vision is poorly developed in these animals, but also the sense of smell.
The fact that cows prefer loneliness has also become famous, but at the same time young people cannot live without communication and lose their appetite, irritability appears. If you want to increase your milk yield, it is necessary not only to feed the animal correctly, but also to provide it with calm, to maintain dry and warm bedding in appropriate conditions.
How can you determine the age
There are such situations when you need to know exactly at what age the domestic cow stays. To do this, there are many different ways, but the most reliable is the assessment of teeth. In small calves, age can be determined by how the sequence of replacing milk teeth with permanent ones has passed.
But this kind of definition will not be very accurate. The growth, change and erasure of the teeth depends largely on what type of feeding was chosen, early maturity and other individual characteristics. For this reason, in order to roughly determine the age of the cow, take the average.
The most important role in determining the age of a cow in the teeth is the incisors, which are called hooks, internal averages and edges, or external averages. How correctly to define, how many years the cow lives?
Hooks that have grown by two years begin to wear off immediately from now on. By four years, the teeth completely change everything, and erasing of all permanent incisors begins, not taking into account the edges. By the age of five, the upper edge begins to fade already on the edges.
This sign can accurately suggest that the cow is about five years old. By this time, gaps between the incisors may appear. By the age of six on hooks and internal medium erasures have significantly worsened.
In seven years, the enamel is completely erased, which is located on the lingual surface of the hooks, and by eight years the rubbing surface of the hooks acquires a quadrangular shape. In nine years, the picture is the same as in eight.
By ten years, the enamel of the part called the lingual, is erased completely, and all the incisors become shorter and thinner. In 11-12 years, incisors will become rare. After this age, it is almost impossible to determine the exact age of the cow.
How many cows live?
Of course, many are interested in, what is the life expectancy of a cow? Cattle breeders who have a fairly extensive experience, think that cows live for about 20-25 years. And it is unclear whether this is a lot or a little. The life time of a horse is about 30 years, dogs - 15, pigs - 20.
Geese are considered long-lived, but only if they are properly cared for. The duration of their life in this case, about 40 years. But there are champions among animals - donkeys. They can live to 50 years. But all these numbers are not accurate.
Indeed, among the cows, too, there are long-lived women - for example, a cow who lived 49 years.
But no one can know exactly how much a cow lives. Maybe somewhere in the village, which is cut off from civilization, some old woman lives and milks a cow that has served her for more than a quarter of a century. It is necessary to understand for a long time what factors influence the longevity of a cow.
How long do dairy cows keep
When it comes to dairy cows, it is necessary to say that they become physically mature at the age of one and a half years. From now on, they can be fertilized, and lactation begins after calving. For this purpose, and keep the cows.
Depending on what type of farm, the life expectancy of a cow will be no more than four lactations. Accordingly, cows live on farms for no more than six years.
Then they are transferred to fattening farms or stations so that they can be slaughtered from there.
How many cows are kept in private households
How long does a cow live with a host who keeps her for milk? It all depends only on the owners. On average, the duration is about eight years. But there are people who feel sorry for selling a faithful friend and helper, and they keep it until old age.
There are people who are very attached to their cows and do not want to give them for slaughter. And they do not look at the fact that the cow is already very old, does not give posterity, and practically has no milk. And it does not matter what to keep it further - only at a loss.
We can say that the average life expectancy of cows in our country is no more than eight years. But it must be borne in mind that in natural conditions a cow would have lived for approximately 20 years.
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How many years the cow lives in different countries
In India, cows are considered sacred animals. That is why a lot of people protect them like the apple of their eyes. This leads to a significant increase in the life expectancy of these animals - up to 35-40 years. In India, unlike in other countries of the world, the cow is guarded not only because she is sacred, but also because of the large income that she brings to the owners.
For some countries in the same way: those animals, which can bring income, eat tasty food, go to the veterinarians in case of dangerous diseases that they could potentially have.
No wonder that cows in India and several other countries live so long. Let's find out in more detail what factors affect the life expectancy of cows in different countries and different breeds.
After all, these figures can be completely different.
Average life expectancy
It is important to understand that no average data can provide detailed information. After all, a cow is the same animal as a dog or a cat. Therefore, the first thing that plays the role is the conditions in which the animal lives.
In general, the statistics says that the average cow lives 20-30 years. But this does not apply to all members of this family.
You must understand that a cow can die completely at any time, including the most inconvenient.
Given all this, it is impossible to give a definite answer. One thing is known for sure: cows live much better in places remote from the benefits of civilization - the closer to nature the better.
So the optimal locations where you can create a farm for the production of beef or milk, are the village, village and village. Moreover, it is important to consider another indicator. The farther away they are from the city, especially megacities, the better.
After all, you can agree that in the settlements close to the city, life is completely different from that of people. And not only them, as it turns out. Cows are also concerned.
What you need to know to understand how many years a cow lives?
- Breed is an important indicator. About him will be discussed in the future. Some breeds are long-lived, capable of living for forty years, while others at least ten lived.
- Place of residence. Already found that best in this aspect to breed cows in villages and villageslocated far from major cities.
- A country. This is a very important indicator that affects how many years a cow has been living according to a number of indicators: the mentality of citizens, the climatic conditions, the style of raising and breeding animals, the nature of the production of milk or beef and so on.
Let's take a closer look at the difference between the life expectancy of cows by country.
Life expectancy by country
As is already clear, the country plays a very important role on the development processes and how many years animals live. Let's take a closer look at what the average life expectancy of the most popular animals for milk production by country and what factors affect this parameter.
In Russia, cows live much less than average and even low rates. The average life expectancy of these animals in our country is only 6-7 years, after which they die.
And the reason for this is completely indifferent attitude to this animal.
After all, in our latitudes from cows do business: they are sent to manufacturing factories in which they can live even less than these indicators.
If you compare with other countries, then they do not have this. Cows are rarely sent to factories, and their main location is a farm. In Russia, there are tens of thousands of individuals in factories. Naturally, due attention will not be paid to animals. But different antibiotics and other chemicals, they will be pricked, which will further reduce the number of years lived.
Israel. In this country, the average life expectancy of cows is 35-40 years due to proper care of this animal. Good living conditions show the production scale of milk.
Despite the lack of industry in this area, over twelve years of its life, 160 thousand liters of milk are produced.
If you make simple calculations, for the year an average of about 13 thousand liters is produced, which is quite a large indicator.
At the same time in the same America milk is produced by 12 thousand liters more during the same reporting period. Naturally, on an annual scale it is a rather small figure, but still it matters. At the same time in America, the average life expectancy of cows is close to the average. It all depends on the county where the animal was raised. In one there may be more, in the other - less.
Here are just some of the countries that produce milk or beef.
As we can see, despite the information war between Russia and America, the first is something to learn from the latter, because life expectancy far exceeds our.
However, the value is not only the country in which the animal lives, but also its breed. Let's look at how life expectancy varies depending on the breed.
Life expectancy for different breeds
Let's look into the issue of life expectancy of different breeds of these animals. As a rule, it may differ significantly.
And since in assessing the life expectancy of milk-bringing animals need to be guided by an integrated approach, the data on what breeds how many live can be not only interesting, but also useful. Let's take a closer look at this topic.
Dairy cows, as a rule, live less than their counterparts for about 3-5 years, depending on the conditions of care and living. It is important to understand that they do not bring milk for life.
If they are in the important pre-mortal age stage, then they only bring live. Old cows eat a lot, sleep and still occupy a place.
You can love an animal, but from a commercial point of view it looks wrong.
Much better to put an old cow for meat. This will benefit both the animal and the owner, who will have profit from selling beef, and the cow benefits from the fact that the person who wants to put it on the meat, deprives her of death agony. It turns out that the cow will not suffer. In general, this is a rational step, beneficial to both parties.
Those cows that go to meat can sometimes live for 3-5 years longer than those used for milk. The fact is that constantly milk production is energy consuming for an animal.
It may also complicate the situation by the fact that the ducts of the mammary glands of the animal can be clogged with stagnant milk, and this leads to a number of complications that may even result in a premature death.
And the more milk the animal produces, the higher this probability.
No matter what breed of cow, what country she lives in, can affect the lifespan of this animal, even if you keep it for milk.
Just follow all the requirements for care and you can see the result.
Naturally, in our country with the environment is not very, but it is very important to understand that not only it affects the life of any animal.
The issue of ecology was not considered due to its complexity. Even scientists can not really predict the life of any living creature, based on data on ecology. But it has all the same influence, even if it is impossible to measure it in full. But, even if the ecology is bad, it all depends on the farmerwhich breeds these animals. If he tries:
- will give good food,
- milk regularly according to the needs of the milk carrier itself,
- will protect him in every way,
then the cow will be able to live long enough. And this fact must be understood.
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Life expectancy of a cow: how much and on what depends
The lifespan of cows affects the amount of milk produced and the calves. From how many years the cattle depends on its productivity, ability to become pregnant, meat quality and other indicators. Most cows do not die to natural death, and in practice the age of economic value is used.
The natural life expectancy of cows in modern conditions is difficult to judge. These animals were domesticated thousands of years ago and have since been in close relationship with humans. Most animals of this species do not live up to half of the real physiological norm, as they are either bred for meat, or were subjected to involuntary slaughter.
How many years a cow has lived is difficult to know - the few natural deaths obtained during years of cattle breeding show that, on average, the maximum age does not exceed 30 years. It is indirectly confirmed by the indicators of the closest wild relatives:
- European bison under 28 years old,
- African buffalo lives in zoos for over 30 years
- Yaks live an average of 25 years
- Gaurs live in the wild for 25-30 years.
In 1945, the Irish Jerome, who bred a rare Dremonian breed of cattle, calved a cow. The resulting heifer lived until 1992 and died by her death on the eve of the New Year. During the life of Big Bertha, and this cow was so called, 39 calves were obtained, so she owns the record of fecundity among cattle.
The years of life of this cow were marked by many other events. Так как она появилась на свет в день святого Патрика, то хозяин регулярно выводил ее на демонстрацию, предварительно напоив виски.It is worth noting that Bertha was a "regular visitor" of one pub.
Other representatives of this species were significantly less fortunate. Their main mass is rejected, not reaching 20 years. This happens in most countries. Although it is generally accepted that Indian and Jewish cattle live best of all, this is far from being the case.
In Israel, although such an unusual technology is used as a shower for cows, this is not done for their health.
Simply, the technology of cattle content in this country is very different from the usual for us, European and other states.
There they are kept loosely in open areas, which covers not green grass or straw, but ordinary dirt. Therefore, Jewish cows are washed every time before milking in order to reduce the work of the milkers.
In India, there is also no bright prospect for local cows. Although there is a prohibition on slaughter in most states, it is actively violated. In addition, the maintenance of cows is far from ideal - most of them are “on free bread”, while constantly being exploited. In addition, the lack of adequate veterinary supervision also does not add years of life to Indian cows.
The economic age of the cows
Cattle are valuable productive animals, the breeding of which in most countries is carried out exclusively for economic purposes. Therefore, the real life expectancy is closely linked with productive utility.
What affects the age of the cows:
- milk fat,
- milk yield,
- meat quality.
So beef cattle breeds rarely live for more than 2 years, since after this age the average daily weight gain decreases sharply.
The live weight of a bull of five and two years does not differ much, and it will take much more than three years to raise funds for the maintenance and feeding of this animal for three years.
Therefore, meat breeds were selectively selected for precocity, so that in 15-18 months they could reach a mass of more than 500 kg and were successfully sent to a meat processing plant.
Gobies of beef cattle breeds usually live less than 2 years.
How long are the cows used?
In dairy cattle breeding, the situation is different. The first difference is that age is not calculated in years. To estimate cattle on a temporary basis, the number of calving is used.
It is slightly different from the age in years - on average less than 2-3 years. The first calving happens in 2.5-3 years, after which the cow begins to give milk. Lactation continues throughout the rest of his life except for dry periods.
Therefore, on dairy complexes there are animals over 15 years old.
On farms, cows are rarely kept older than 15 years, as their maintenance is unprofitable.
Milk productivity is in positive correlation with age to a certain limit.
So, in the first calving, the milk yield is small, and with each successive one, they start to increase, but by 5-6 they stabilize, and after the 8th they begin to fall.
At the same time, the relative fat content negatively correlates with the number of calvings - at the first mass fraction of fat has the highest rate, and then gradually decreases.
What determines the duration of life?
At the time of use of cattle on a dairy farm the person has the greatest influence. The method of housing, care, type of feeding and intensity of exploitation will depend on how quickly the cow exhausts its reserve. But even without our participation, the cattle will not last long - the breeding years have put livestock in a strong dependence on people.
The first and most important role in the life of a cow is its breed. So Holstein-Frisian cattle designed for intensive education and the return of milk in all conditions.
Worse diet, reducing the share of nutrients in it, we will not get serious fluctuations in milk yield - the cow will actively spend its reserves.
At the same time, combined breeds and animals with low productivity can completely stop lactation with the deterioration of feeding.
The next factor is content. Cows need to create a comfortable environment with a temperature of 10 degrees, moderate humidity and lack of drafts. Wind and dampness affect their body much worse than frost.
No less important is feeding. Although most animals can exist in one hay, but they will not receive milk from them. At the same time, overfeeding with concentrates is not worth it - ketosis is one of the most common causes of cows leaving at the present time.
How many years will your dog live?
The lifespan of a dog is directly dependent on its breed, and therefore, size. How many dogs live? It is proved that the life span of small breeds is somewhat higher than that of large breed animals.
Thus, the average life span of small breeds (dachshund, Yorkshire terrier, Maltese, etc.) ranges from 12 to 17 years.
At the same time, the life span of large breed dogs is on average somewhat less - from 10 to 14 years.
In addition, representatives of these breed groups also age faster. Thus, the average life expectancy of dogs is shown in the tables below.
What affects the lifespan of dogs
The life span of any organism is affected by a huge number of factors. These include, as the internal resources of the body, due to heredity, and external factors, which in this case are dictated by the conditions of the animal. Next we will talk in detail about each of these groups.
Unfortunately, a high mortality rate and the presence of hereditary diseases can significantly shorten the life of your pet. It is for this reason that competent breeders strictly monitor the selection of individuals involved in breeding.
It is undesirable to allow the birth of puppies from closely related relationships. But sometimes closely related relationships are allowed in order to breed or preserve the breed. It is important to note that if you take a pet from a shelter, then everything is a little different. Poor heredity does not so much affect the lifespan of mongrels.
The fact is that the harsh living conditions in the open spaces of city streets replace the artificial selection of breeders. Thus, the offspring survive only of very persistent individuals, which remain as a result of natural selection. In addition, a large number of mixed different breed blood also has a positive effect on the life expectancy of such pets.
Conditions of detention
It is no secret that living conditions have a huge impact on the animal's body. It is not by chance that the life of a stray dog is at times shorter than that of pets growing at home.
Cold, lack of constant nutrition, injury - all of this has a detrimental effect on the life of a stray dog.
Therefore, if you want to have a dog, then consider whether it is worth paying attention to the breed of a pet or prefer a mongrel.
How many years have mongrel dogs lived? On average, these babies live, with good care, for about 20 years. At the same time, the life span of mongrels on the streets of the city does not exceed 3 years.
How to extend the life of your beloved pet
In order for your pet to live a long and happy life, the owner needs to take care not only of timely medical care, but also of proper nutrition and a favorable psychological climate. In addition, there are several important points that can extend the age of your pet. We will talk about each of them further.
Remember, a healthy diet is the key to your dog's longevity.
Obtaining and assimilating a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and various trace elements is very important for the formation of cells and the body as a whole.
Some caring owners give maintenance drugs to dogs throughout their lives: vitamins, micro and macronutrients. This undoubtedly affects the duration of the dog age.
If you prefer to feed your pet with ready-made feeds (they already take into account the correct balance of nutrients), then choose food exclusively for holistic or super-premium.
Only these foods are made from natural meat, which is so necessary for predator health and longevity.
The average life expectancy of dogs receiving a balanced diet, much higher than that of the rest.
Feeding regime also affects the lives of pets. It is important that feeding be portioned and strictly limited. Only by observing these rules can you avoid obesity, which is so detrimental to the life of especially older dogs.
From the video "How many dogs live" you will learn a lot about the age of your pets.
An important point of pet care at home is hygiene. Brush and bathe your pet regularly. Keep your dishes, toys, and other items clean.
In addition, exercise is very important. Bringing the dog on the street is necessary not only for her to go out of need.
Walking is an important moment not only of physical but also of psychological comfort of a pet.
Visit the vet regularly. This will help avoid the development of chronic animal diseases. Also required annual vaccination. Do not forget, any disease of an infectious nature can not only shorten the life of your pet, but also instantly kill it.
Another important point of care is the castration of dogs that are not involved in breeding. When a man “out of solidarity” refuses to conduct this operation to his dog, he simply shortens the life of the pet.
The fact is that the uncontrolled release of hormones depresses the psyche and the brain of the animal as a whole.
In addition, the drugs used to contain the natural instincts of the animal, adversely affect the entire body of the dog.
Favorable psychological environment
Dogs are by nature very attached to man. If you and your favorite are true friends for each other, this will help him live much longer. Spend more time with your pet, play together, take long walks.
If necessary, try not to leave the animal in an unfamiliar environment. Keep your pet at the reception in the veterinary clinic. Remember, the health and life of your dog is directly dependent on the efforts that you put to maintain them.
On average, the cow lives for about 25 years, rare individuals live to the fortieth anniversary. The average life of a bull is much less, about 15 years. History knows and exceptions, the scientific literature describes a case of longevity of the Irish cow Big Bertha, it has exceeded fifty years. But at this age a cow cannot have productivity, milk does not milk, the animal does not give birth.
If a cow is left at home or on an industrial farm beyond its average time, there will be no sense from her. Therefore, it is necessary to launch and slaughter an animal in time, and how many years it will live, based on a variety of factors, its owners decide.
Tip: By reducing the performance of cows with proper feeding and care is determined when they will be slaughtered for meat. In countries in which cows are equated with sacred creatures, they are left to live as much as they can until they die.
How many agricultural cows live
Breeding cattle is a profitable, productive and sought-after occupation.
Dairy products are very important for human health, and if there are such animals on the farm, you need to know everything about them, including how many cows live.
When purchasing a nurse for cultivation for productive purposes, you need to ask her age. The start of the milk yield and its quality depend on it.
How to increase a cow's life
So that a cow can fully and productively exist, it is desirable to grow it in an ecologically clean area, to give it useful, nutritious, high-quality feed, prepared in advance, this will also affect milk yield. Weather and climatic features also play a significant role in how many years the cow has measured.
If breeders take good care of cows and keep them in excellent conditions, they will stay healthy and productive longer. It is imperative that the warmed barn will require timely repair, putty gaps, so that in winter the animals do not have a cold, changing windows, repairing the roof. Temperature in the winter time in the barn should be above ten degrees with a plus sign.
When a rough relationship with animals, they begin to get angry and kicking in response, they may not allow the host to do the milking, waving his tail sharply. Different types of cows are characterized by individual physiological features, which should be considered when selecting the breed for breeding.
In a cow of a cow, the horns are not covered with rings. The next horn ring burenka acquires after each birth. With the knowledge of the age of the first calving, as many rings are added to it as can be seen on the horns, and it will become obvious how many years Burenka is. One ring corresponds to the age of three or 2, 5. Distinct rings indicate poor nutrition.
Determination by teeth
In order to calculate how many years the nurse has, they operate with averaged parameters, since belonging to a certain breed and food can influence the speed with which the teeth grow and the enamel wears out. Meat cows have faster teeth growth than dairy. If animals often eat a lot of roughage, enamel deteriorates faster.
To determine how old a cow or calf is, the animal should open its mouth and examine the incisors, there are 6 of them: a pair of medium hooks, on both sides of the hooks the location of the inner middle, and behind them the location of the outer middle edge.
In the year, calves erase enamel from the inside of the incisors of the hooks. In the fourteen-month period, it is no longer on the inner side of the middle incisors; in 18 months, worn enamels are characterized by edges. In 2 years there is a change of milk hooks, instead of them there is a permanent composition. Milk teeth have a thinner and sharper constitution. A complete change of teeth observed in 4 years.
The fifth anniversary of the cow is determined, if you look at the top edge of each edge, it looks like we will be erased. There is a noticeable gap between one and the other cutter.
In the ten-year period, incisors tend to become thinner and shorter. For the rest of the teeth is characteristic square. After 12 years of age, it is difficult to determine exactly how old a cow is.
On the question of how much the Burenka will live on the farm, statistical data will answer averaged. But you need to understand that in addition to where the cow is, and how you look after it, how it is grown, much depends on the breed.
The number of calvings influences how long a dairy cow lives, usually the last is the twelfth. When the cow is 2 years old, spend the first mating with the bull. For 12 months, the cow calves once.
Every year the nurse becomes more adult, natural aging gradually begins. The animal begins to consume more feed, often sleeps and can not produce milk as much as it gave in its prime years.
Its further content becomes unprofitable.
With the onset of a fifteen-year-old age, the cow begins to produce milk of lower quality, with a bitter taste, less fat and in smaller quantities.
These facts prove that the end of the milking period must be completed together with the completion of the reproductive function of the cow. It is better to send the nurse to the slaughter in a timely manner, without delaying the content, so that the animal does not suffer and become ill later.
It is rational and mutually beneficial to obtain meat from an animal that can be used in your own family or sold.
When beef cattle breeds are raised directly to produce beef, it is important that the animals gain a lot of muscle mass in a short time. Beef cattle lives as long as necessary for a full increase in its weight, as a rule, this is a seven-year period.