At the beginning of the 16th century, the first mention of the Belgian giant rabbit was recorded, weighing only 6 kg at that time. And only at the end of the XIX century, when this breed of rabbits appeared in Germany, German breeders became interested in it, it became a separate category and was named Risen rabbit, which in German means a giant rabbit.
The pragmatism of the Germans and here is in its best quality, they have achieved a tangible result in increasing the meatiness of the breed, currently rabbits of the Risen breed weigh 10 - 12 kg on average and this is not the limit. These rabbits are raised in our open spaces, where this breed is known as the Russian giant.
Breed German Risen Rabbit they are bred for the sake of obtaining the most valuable dietary meat and high-quality fur, which in its color can be not only dark gray, like in ordinary rabbits, but also sandy, blue, agouti and black. Awkward, with large ears, straight and strong paws, they amaze with their huge size and good-natured character. They are good to contact with their owner, and most importantly, they have a developed intellect, which you can’t notice because of their awkwardness and clumsiness.
For rabbits of the Rizen breed, the description of their structure looks quite peculiar:
- chest circumference averages 42 cm, but there are larger specimens,
- long ears, rather dense, in shape - wide and straight, some owners appreciate ears long only more than 17 cm,
- powerful muscles on straight paws,
- the weight of individual individuals reaches 15 kg, and on average 10-12 kg,
- torso along its length grows to 75 cm,
- thick coat, 4 cm long, surprising with a variety of colors,
Such giants rabbits in the photo look like good-natured and cute creatures, children love to be photographed with them.
Breeding rabbits Risen
Our usual gray rabbits are ready for breeding already in 3-4 months after caul, and the rabbits of the German Risen breed only 10 months later. In order for the population not to become extinct, the best dad and mom from different families are selected. The bunnies of the German rizen are very prolific and caring towards their bunnies, they have up to 12 of them and in order to ensure a calm life for the kids, it is necessary to provide mothers with good nutrition and peace.
As previously mentioned, individuals are taken from different nests, first they put a male in a cage, and then only the female - this is necessary. Before this, any food is removed from the cage, or a couple instead of mating will be engaged in simple gluttony. Control cases are not required, after 15 days pregnancy is determined by simple probing.
After this, the rabbit is identified in a special cage with a queen cell or simply in a cage, which will be much larger than the previous one. The process of adaptation in the cage does not last long, and the expectant mother, according to the instinct laid down by nature, begins to prepare the nest. During this period, she rakes everything in one of the corners, pulls out the fluff on her chest and lines the floor in the cage (if the mother liquor is initially absent). This will be the most suitable moment for the installation of the box, into which it is necessary to carefully transfer the nest prepared by a caring rabbit. It should provide free entry for her in the box. The board at the box is made 3-4 cm high so that the bunnies cannot get out, the entrance to it should be spacious enough, otherwise the bunny will refuse to go there.
Eat during this period, the mother should hard, but not overeat, obesity can complicate childbirth. The owner, in order to help the little rabbits, must beat off the rabbit down with a straw and the human smell; otherwise, he will have to feed the offspring himself.
Rabbits of breed German Rizen begin to eat themselves, a week later, than toddlers of other breeds. They grow up rather slowly, and the amount of food is not inferior to the feed of adult rabbits. Young rabbits during this period often die from bloating, to prevent this and further stimulate growth, biomitsin is added to the feed.
Cultivation and feeding of rabbits Rizen
For rabbits of the Rizen breed, the breeding process is rather complicated. Their cages should be large and spacious, the usual ones will not fit, they are too small for them. The most successful solution in this case is to use enclosures for animal breeding.
These eared giants seem created for our climate, they are not frightened by frost, and they almost never get sick. They have excellent immunity, but they are very demanding of cell cleanliness.
Rabbits Rizen for a better breeding requires constant perfect cleanliness in the cells. The owner has to clean the cells from dust and dirt several times a day, to remove the rabbit droppings, as they cannot even bear the smell of ammonia. In the cells must be clean water.
In the German Risen rabbit breeding is considered the most expensive, and many farmers refuse it, because they believe that:
- Aviaries and cages for rabbits take up a lot of space.
- For raising rabbits you need a large amount of feed.
- Too large a percentage of the likelihood of obesity.
The most difficult problem with nutrition, these giants with a large mass require food in large quantities. Of course, mixed fodder and hay remain traditional feeds, but it is not always possible to provide a sufficiently large volume, so the rabbits are additionally fed with vegetables and grain. Experienced farmers, when necessary, use different feed mixtures, and pellets, due to their complex dosage and subsequent complications, go into the feed with great care.
For the German Risen rabbit breeding will be more successful if you feed them crushed boiled potatoes, seasoned with bran. They not only have a big increase in muscle mass, but also little rabbits increase the daily dose of milk. But the vegetable mash is still a great treat for rabbits.
Feed them should be fresh grass, without excess moisture and dew. Ensure that there is no rotten grass, which can lead to the development of diarrhea and more complex diseases. To avoid this, give the rabbit about 200 grams of oak bark and the same number of sprigs of hardwood.
Every day in the drinking bowl for rabbits it is necessary to change the water, this is especially useful for the rabbit, which feeds babies, it increases milkiness and stabilizes moisture in the body. Disinfection of the drinker and the cells must be performed daily, which has a positive effect on the further health of the eared giants.
How to check the health of the rabbit Breed Risen?
It is known that the rabbits of the giants of the German Risen have an increased immunity, but despite this, it is necessary to carefully look at their appearance when buying. Eared friend should be well-fed, move well and not look fat. The body is long with a straight back, the legs are powerful and even. The purity and clarity of the eyes indicates good health, as well as even and thick fur. If you see that the rabbit's eyes and ears are dirty, bald spots are found in the fur and it is disheveled, then such a rabbit will not work for your farm and its future offspring will have poor health.
Eared handsome giant is famous for its intelligence and good-natured disposition, so acquiring it, you do not lose at all, but only win.
Rabbits rizen description and standard
Today, the Risen breed is the largest among all breeds of giant rabbits in the world.TOrollers of breed rizen characterized by a massive body structure, developed muscles. They have a wide chest, thick, straight legs and a long torso. Rabbits look and move rather awkwardly. The distinctive parameter of animals is a large weight: the breed standard is from 6 to 10 kg, but some representatives grow to 14 kg. The length of the body is on average 70 - 75 cm, chest girth - 35 - 42 cm. In rabbits of the German Risen breed, there is a large head, large cheeks, thick, fleshy, wide, and straight ears with a length of 13 to 20 cm. All these dimensions are average: there may be parameters and much more.
The fur in rabbits is thick and dense, the hair is not long, reaching up to 4 cm. The color is varied: usual agouti (hare), yellow-gray, sandy, dark-gray. Decorative black, white, blue and yellow versions were bred. Rabbit eyes are brown. Breed signs of rizenov persist for 4 generations.
How to choose good individuals Rizen
Representative of the breed Riesen
You need to buy rabbits for breeding in a breeding farm, where you can look at their parents and choose offspring from different breeding lines. On the tribe of rabbits choose from spring okrolov (February-April), at this time they receive the most complete nutrition. The best age to buy is 3-4 months. Since rizen late breed is the optimal age for acquisition. It is necessary to bring manufacturers to a set only in 8 months, and breeding and that later - in 10. Adult rabbits should not be bought for divorce.
RabbitGerman Riesen breedmust be healthy and look good. He should be well-fed, but not fat, have a straight back and straight legs. The eyes of a healthy animal are clear, clean, mobile, hair is flat, without blisters. It is necessary to examine the ears from the inside for the absence of sores and teeth, so that the bite is correct. The rabbit must have a wide basin. Healthy rabbits should have a good appetite.
Maintenance and care of the breed Rizen
The character of rizenov is soft and docile, therefore they are often kept as pets. Their owners claim that rabbis are very sociable, intelligent and are good and devoted friends. You should not start rizenov for small children. Because of their large size, they can injure a child. However, rabbits are quite demanding of conditions.
For breeding and maintenance of riesenam will need spacious and roomy cages. For one rabbit, a cage with dimensions of 100-110 by 70 cm may be suitable, for a female with a brood - 170x110 cm, half a meter high. But it must be borne in mind that the need for movement in a rizen is the same as that of a little rabbit. Only he can jump 3 meters and more. Therefore, the area for the maintenance of a representative of the breed should be large. In one enclosure can contain several relatives. Riseny feel good and on the street under a canopy and in the aviary. However, for a cage or an open-air cage, it is better to choose a place from the south or east side. If the cage is arranged from the grid, the bottom surface needs to be covered with plastic, wooden boards or a rubber mat - the rabbits easily have painful knees. The breed is perfectly adapted to the climate of the central Russian strip, has good immunity, is resistant to various diseases, including respiratory, and tolerates frost well.
At the place of their residence is necessary to arrange a constant ventilation. From dirt, dust, high concentrations of ammonia, they can get sick. As a litter, you can use 2 layers: sawdust and hay, and you need to add fresh hay every day. Permanent care of the owner of rizenov will be hygiene: cleaning the cells, fresh water, regular replacement of the entire litter - these are mandatory conditions for the maintenance of rizenov. At each cleaning of a cage or an open-air cage, disinfection and processing of walls and floor, of all structures should be carried out.
Feed the rabbits in the cages need 2 times a day. Traditional green fodder, vegetables, grass, branches, and root vegetables go to feed. In the summer, fresh meadow grass should be present in the diet: the rabbit will get all the necessary vitamins from it. For the winter you need to stock up on hay and feed. (See more in detail: how to feed rabbits in winter) Experienced rabbit breeders prepare vegetable mashines, moist balanced mixtures of vegetables and grains, give brooms from branches. Be sure to in the diet should be fruit. You can add meat and bone meal, mineral and vitamin supplements to the mash. Medicines can be added to such a complex lunch, if necessary. Healthy representatives of the breed eat with pleasure and a lot. Water should change in the drinker every day.
Rabbits rizen breeding
Breeding such large rabbits is not an easy task. They are practically not bred industrially, because they require large open-air cages and a lot of food. Large farms consider this unprofitable. However, small private farms may be engaged in their breeding.
Ordinary rabbits become sexually mature at 3-4 months. Rizenov also happen for the first time when reaching eight months. For breeding breeding choose the best producers from different nests. For breeding, the male with the female is left alone for 20 minutes. It is important to remove all edible from the cage in advance so that the rabbits are not distracted. The presence of pregnancy can be checked after 15 days by palpation. It is necessary to palpate very carefully so as not to cause a miscarriage.
A pregnant expectant mother is transplanted into a separate, more spacious cage. When the rabbit starts to create a nest, raking hay into it and tearing down fluff from it, you need to install a box with sides of 3-4 cm in this place, and carefully transfer the nest to it. At the same time, on the one hand, there should be a convenient entrance for the mother. Childbirth almost always takes place naturally, without human intervention. If there is a need for human participation, it is imperative to take care of discouraging the human odor. One day after hatching, the female is ready for mating again. However, the best period between coatings should be considered 25-30 days.
Rabbit giant, breed Rizen
Risen females are exemplary mothers and practically never have problems with them. The breed is quite prolific. Rabbits give birth to 8-12 rabbits and carefully nursed them. For successful feeding, the mother should eat fully, the brood should be in clean conditions and in a calm environment. Independently eat rizeny also begin a week later than the usual rabbits. Feed them need a lot and without limits. To accelerate growth, you can feed the rabbits with crushed boiled potatoes, which are filled with bran. At such a feed, rabbits quickly gain muscle mass, and in nursing rabbits the amount of milk increases. Giants are a late maturing breed, their babies do not grow fat after the 4th month, but grow to 8-12 months, gaining weight.
Rabbits can be grafted from one and a half months, in the early spring subcutaneously and intramuscularly. Only healthy pets can be vaccinated, without signs of disease. The first vaccination is VGBK, after half a month the rabbit is vaccinated against myxomatosis. After 2 weeks, vaccination against UGBC is repeated, and after a fortnight - again from myxomatosis. Then the offspring are vaccinated 1 time in half a year with the associated vaccine UHBB + myxomatosis.
Watch the video on the evaluation of the rabbit Breed Rizen
Rabbits of the Risen breed are a Belgian giant who was known in Flanders in the 16th century. Animals differed in large weight (up to 5-6 kg) and dense gray fur. The official history of the breed began after the furry animals were brought to Germany. Here they gained wide popularity, and local breeders managed to get a strong line of riesen rabbits with a lot of weight. This line was registered as a breed standard.
Reference. “Risen rabbit” in German means “giant rabbit”. On the territory of the former USSR, this breed is known as the Russian Giant.
Among the experts in rabbit breeding, the debate still continues, whether the Risen breed is a self-bred species or is it simply the largest individuals of the large Flanders line. From a formal point of view, these are two different breeds, but very similar in description and characteristics.
Description and Standard
The main distinguishing feature of these animals is a large mass. The average weight of adults is 10-12 kg, the maximum record is 14 kg of live weight. Strong bones, developed muscles and an elongated body make Rizen rabbits the largest breed in the world. Its representatives are strong, awkward, with a large head, voluminous cheeks, thick ears up to 20 cm long.
Possible sizes of animals according to the standard:
- body length - 70-75 cm
- girth of the sternum - 35-42 cm
- fur height - up to 4 cm
- weight - 6-12 kg.
The appearance of the rabbit
Risenov grown to produce delicious dietary meat. It is juicy and soft. The fur of these animals is suitable for the manufacture of outerwear, hats and accessories: it is thick and dense, may have a gray "rabbit", dark gray, blue, black, sand color.
Giant rabbits have a good open nature, so they can be kept at home. The animals have developed intelligence, respond to the nickname, are attached to the owner.
Pros and cons of breed
Important advantages of the breed - ease of breeding and a large yield of meat. Также кроли-великаны обладают отменным иммунитетом, не склонны к заболеваниям, отлично адаптируются к морозам. Тем не менее не все фермерские хозяйства берутся за выращивание кроликов Ризен. Здесь есть ряд важных причин:
- Для содержания таких кролей требуются более крупные клетки.
- Giant rabbits have an excellent appetite, so they eat more food than normal breeds.
- Rabbits giant German breed prone to obesity. With errors in feeding, this attack affects all livestock.
Proper feeding is the key to successful breeding rabbits of the Rizen breed. The farms that grow this breed use traditional fodder, such as hay and mixed fodder, and also use additional feedings in the form of grain and vegetables. Excellent results are obtained by using boiled potatoes with bran. At such a feed, the rabbits gain significant weight, nursing females produce a lot of milk.
Potatoes for rabbits
Ready-made pellets for feeding rabbits in the care of a giant breed is used with great care. This is due to the complexity of their dosage and the risk of overfeeding animals. Vegetable mash, fresh grass, branches from deciduous trees should be present in the diet of rabbits. It is important to ensure that the cut grass is not wet: in this case, it can rot and adversely affect the intestines of animals. At occurrence of food disorders, oak bark is added to food for rabbits.
Brief historical background
The first mentions of such rabbits are dated to the 16th century. It was then that some sources described unusual animals with a gray fur coat, whose weight exceeded six kilograms. They were brought to Germany only in the XIX century. Local scientists immediately became interested in non-standard rabbits and began to comprehensively study them.
As a result of several experiments, the Germans managed to get a separate line, the representatives of which were distinguished by an impressive mass. In 1937, the Rabbit breeds Riesen were officially separated from the Flandres. Since then, Belgian eared animals have become the pride of the people of Germany. But despite this, world breeders are still engaged in heated debates about whether the German giants can be considered an independent species. Some scientists are inclined to believe that these are two separate lines with almost identical characteristics.
Rabbits of the Rizen breed have a large, proportional body with well-developed muscles and powerful legs. The length of an adult individual in some cases can reach 80 cm. The average weight of such animals is from 7 to 10 kilograms. Although in some farms one can find more massive specimens. On a large, neat, rounded head are located thick and straight twenty-centimeter ears.
The whole body of such animals is covered with soft thick fur. The average length of wool rizenov is about five centimeters. As for the color, there are several options at once. The color of the fur of these animals varies from rich black to light gray. But most often you can see reddish or blue-gray rabbits of German rizen breed.
These animals are impressive in size. Therefore, for a normal existence, they need spacious cells. It is important that the animals can move freely within their homes. Otherwise, they will develop obesity. The cages intended for the maintenance of rabbits of the Riesen breed can be installed not only in sheds, but also outdoors. In the latter case, they must be placed under special sheds, reliably protecting animals from the scorching sun and rain.
Another important condition for keeping these eared animals is cleanliness. In the room in which the rabbits live, there must always be order. Be sure to regularly clean the cells and change the litter. In addition, good ventilation should be provided in the shed, since these animals do not tolerate stifling stagnant air. At least twice a year, it is advisable to disinfect the room in which animals live. Otherwise, they start to hurt and die.
Rabbits of the Rizen breed, the price of which starts from 1,000-1,200 rubles apiece, are not too different from their fellows in all that relates to food. In summer, green and succulent feed should prevail in their diet. They will not refuse from such products as cereals, cabbage and carrots.
With the onset of cold weather in the rabbit menu, significant changes occur. In winter, the basis of the nutrition of these animals are hay and beets. To maintain immunity, eared animals must be given extra vitamin supplements. In addition, drinking water should always be clean and fresh water.
Cultivation of rabbits of breed rizen
Despite the fact that these animals are highly fertile, they mature very late for mating. For crossing it is necessary to select only the best manufacturers. The mating itself is recommended to move into the dwelling of the male. In this case, he will not have to spend extra time studying the new environment. During the day, an adult rabbit is able to fertilize four females. But after that he needs to be given a few days of rest.
A couple of days after a successful mating, the female is once again brought to the crawl. If she behaves aggressively and does not admit him to her, then the mating was successful. On the sixteenth day, the small, small round balls, somewhat resembling beans, are clearly felt in the abdomen of the pregnant rabbit.
During the first month of life, babies feed on mother's milk, but already from two weeks of age you can gradually add complementary foods to their menus. A sixty-day rabbit is already capable of eating the same as adult riesen.
Despite the excellent immunity, rabbits of the rizen breed are prone to certain diseases. Young animals often suffer from infectious stomatitis. This ailment is accompanied by the appearance of a characteristic plaque on the tongue, copious salivation and ulceration of the mucous membranes. Sick animals refuse food and die within a week.
Another problem that experienced breeders repeatedly face is infectious rhinitis. This acute infectious disease is accompanied by sneezing, inflammation of the nasal mucosa and abundant purulent discharge. Often, against the background of this disease, serious complications develop, leading to the death of the animal.
Another deadly disease that the livestock of domestic rabbits are exposed to is pasteurellosis. It is accompanied by fever, rapid breathing, diarrhea, nasal discharge, complete withdrawal of food and boils. An infected animal dies within two or three days.
Also, rabbits are prone to myxomatosis, which carriers are considered to be fleas, ticks and mosquitoes. The most common symptoms of this disease include hoarse breathing, high fever, tumors, purulent discharge from the nose and eyes.
In order to avoid mass death of livestock, one should follow the elementary rules of hygiene and not neglect timely vaccination of domestic rabbits. With the adoption of adequate measures, almost all of these ailments are safely treatable.
Most experienced livestock breeders professionally engaged in raising rabbits of the Riesen Gold breed, note that these animals are quite unpretentious to the conditions of detention. They give very tender, juicy and tasty meat, as well as high-quality beautiful skin.
At the same time, they grow relatively slowly and need quite spacious cells. In addition, these animals are clumsy and very voracious. Therefore, they are not very popular among domestic rabbit breeders.
The first mention of an amazing breed falls on the 16th century. To date, the first characteristic of the subspecies from Flanders has been preserved. Ears with silvery dense skins were described. The animals had large dimensions, in weight reached 5-6 kg. The original name of the rabbits: Belgian giant. At the end of the 19th century, animals were brought to Germany. Thanks to the breeding work, its own genetic line of ears was developed. German scientists have focused on the flesh and body weight of animals. A new subspecies with the German name "Deutsche-Riesen" was registered in 1937.
Principles of content
Many breeders refuse to keep this subspecies for several reasons:
- Cages, pens or aviaries occupy a large space,
- For full-scale cultivation, you need a lot of feed,
- Animals of this subspecies are prone to obesity,
- Despite the high fecundity, the interval between acrol should be at least 8 months.
Rabbits of breed Rizen are very thermophilic. Because of this, the growing room or the place for erecting the cells is recommended to choose the east or south direction. The cages in which ears will live should be made 3-4 meters wider. So giants will have space for free movement. The floor can be mesh or horizontally flat. The bonding places should be covered with a heavy reasonable carpet or durable plastic flooring. Top sawdust, straw or coarse sea sand. Such materials will help not to hurt the paws of ushastik. Hay is also spread in the corners. It is necessary that the giant used it as a litter. Troughs are nailed around the edges of the cage.
Watch a video with an example of a room for keeping Rizens.
Climatic conditions and temperature regime for breeding
Many people, looking at glossy magazines with photos of rabbits, pay attention to the wonderful thick animal fur. Many believe that no weather conditions can spoil the animal skins. But actually it is not. Downed undercoat, which occurs only in breeding subspecies, can be a destructive fact in the heat of the heat. When growing eared birds, it is necessary to take care of cooling the animal shelter in hot weather. Temperatures above 48 ° C cause massive demise of the Ushastik. At this temperature, it is necessary to place chilled bottles with water and ice around the perimeter of the dwelling. Also over the rabbit pen need a shadow awning. In hot weather, you need to carefully monitor the presence of fresh drinking water in bowls of animals.
Home breed content
Mainly breeding giants designed to get skins and meat. Therefore, a large amount of data on the cultivation of the breed at home is not. All genetic subspecies of the Flandrov breed have a kind, calm, gentle disposition. According to reviews of livestock breeders, it is known that rabbits of this breed are observant, thoughtful and wise. In America, the giant has become very common as a pet. But to get such an animal for young children is not recommended. Giants are massive, heavy and inadvertently can harm babies. Animal hair is short, does not require careful care. But when breeding a rabbit in an apartment, you will need a large space. It is necessary that the dwelling and cage of the rabbit are comfortable and spacious.
Food is the main fact at cultivation of this subspecies of animals. Due to their large size, large quantities of feed are needed. In the diet of animals must be purchased feed, hay, silage. Additionally, animals are fed with vegetated feed, tree bark, tops, fruits and vegetables. It is important to use coarse feed, which includes grain, rye, corn and legumes.
In summer, it is strictly forbidden to give wet green grass after rain. Green fodder must roll up or dry in the sun. Wet grass clogs the intestines. This leads to constipation, bloating and subsequently - to the death of the animal.
- Beet tops,
- Bark of conifers,
- Branches of fruit bushes,
- Fresh carrot.
You can also give boiled potatoes mixed with boiled vegetables, silage, bran and mixed fodder. Drinking water should be fresh. It is recommended to use well water.Included in the diet of boiled water is prohibited. It does not preserve the necessary oxygen particles and the necessary trace elements.
How to check the health of the animal
The German subspecies has an increased immunity. Therefore, their breeding does not require much effort. When buying individuals, you need to pay attention to their appearance.
- The giant must be plump, active, curious and mobile.
- It is impossible for an animal to be fat.
- The eared body is elongated, the back is straight, the paws are strong.
- Clear, clean, not watery eyes without conjunctivitis speak of excellent health.
- The fur should be thick, dense, without bald patches and tubercles.
- If the eyes and ears of the animal are dirty, the skin is disheveled, then this is evidence of poor health. It is not necessary to acquire such eared mouse for his farm, as his offspring will be weakened.
- Purebreds have a calm disposition, kind and affectionate character.
Rabbits can become infected:
- Invasive coccidiosis,
- Infectious stomatitis,
- Hemorrhagic disease
- Infectious rhinitis,
- Various skin diseases
- Diabetes mellitus
- Diseases of the eyeballs,
It is possible to vaccinate individuals independently or in veterinary clinics. There are two main vaccinations - against myxomatosis and UHD. If the animals are kept in the bones, then a rabies vaccination is necessary.
Begin to vaccinate individuals should be a month and a half. Vaccinations can be fractional or complex. The complex vaccine contains antibodies of two major diseases. From myxomatosis, it is necessary to be vaccinated in the spring, as the disease is carried by various insects. From VGBK can be instilled year-round.
Where to buy rabbits and their cost
It is necessary to buy usastik in specialized nurseries. It is not recommended to take animals from the hands or in pet stores. Before buying, you should carefully examine the animal. It must not have any external defects. Eyes should be clear, behavior - perky and active. Should pay attention to wool. To do this, iron the rabbit against hair growth. The fur should lie back exactly. There should not be bald patches, redness, blistering. Animals of this subspecies are distinguished by a humble kind character. Therefore, if the rabbit began to kick hard or bite - this indicates an impurity of other breeds. In this case, you should refrain from buying.
The average price for one German individual is about 1000 rubles. Before purchasing, you must carefully study the documentation. The documents should contain the name of the subspecies, its age, weight and data on vaccinations.