Birds

How to breed and grow ducklings for beginners?

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One of the common types of poultry in the village or in the country is a duck. Subject to the presence of a reservoir, we can observe their breeding more often. Most ducks are raised for further slaughter for meat. Young chicks who have reached one month of age can easily weigh up to 2.5 kilograms. An adult duck reaches weight up to 4 kilograms. Let's not forget that a duck perfectly bears eggs on average 120 pieces per year.

In the article we have collected for you detailed information on Breeding ducks at home for beginners.

Growing and breeding ducklings

An interesting point is that duck eggs can be laid under a chicken or a turkey, and they will hatch eggs, taking them for their own. But a duck or a goose is unlikely to want to do the same with alien eggs. So, as a hen, choose any of three poultry - chicken, duck or turkey. Of course, it is better if it is a duck.

Up to 15 eggs are usually placed under the duck if the brood is planned to be received in the summer and up to 12 - in the spring. This is due to the ambient temperature. Naturally, under the turkey put more eggs, which is explained by its large size, and under the chicken - less. The main thing is that all the eggs in the clutch should be under the hen in order to evenly heat the hen body.

For the hen they make a nest of straw in the shape of a wreath so that the eggs do not roll in different directions. The rest of the components (eg, feathers) the hen itself will add. On the bottom of the nest, if it is located on the floor, put sawdust and chaff.

Growing ducklings with a duck with a hen. It is better to make a nest on a small elevation and away from direct sunlight, in the darkest part of the house. Artificially pritenyat this place is not necessary. If it seems uncomfortable to you, make an improvised partition. This will separate one nest from another and create a feeling of extra comfort.

The first brood is received already on the 27th day after the start of incubation.

After 1 to 2 days, all chicks should hatch. So that the hen does not mop up them, the ducklings are taken into a separate box immediately after their birth. To do this, you can take a cardboard box, strewn with straw and sex. The normal temperature for them at this time is 30 degrees. Therefore, if the brood turned out in the spring, take care of an additional source of heat.

After all the ducklings are born, they are returned to the hen - the duck. Better to do it in the evening. Make sure that the duck mother takes them to her, because during this period the chicks especially need warmth.

How can you raise ducklings in an incubator and how much time is needed for this?


The main advantage of growing ducklings in an incubator is the opportunity to get a brood at any convenient time. In addition, do not take care of the hen, and the incubator can be made with your own hands. Modern home incubators are equipped with temperature and humidity controllers. Therefore, you just have to follow the process, turn the eggs (if it is not provided for automatically by the incubator design) and occasionally open the device for a small short-term cooling and for the removal of accumulated gases.

Before laying the incubator is heated, setting the temperature at 1-2 degrees higher than necessary for incubating eggs at the very beginning of the process. In addition, it is recommended to make high humidity. To do this, on the pallet set several trays with water.
Due to the fact that the shell of duck eggs is stronger than hens and they are larger in size, somewhat different in chemical composition, the brood appears later.
Duck eggs need more care than chicken and require high humidity.

In the first week after laying the temperature in the incubator should be at 38 degrees (the first 3 days - 38.2, the next 4 - 37.8). Humidity is required to keep at 60%. After two weeks of eggs in the incubator twice a day, it is worthwhile to open the incubator door for 30 minutes, reducing the temperature to 32 degrees. Then the temperature is resumed.

Grown-up incubator ducks in the pen. If there is an ovoscope, it is necessary to check the eggs for the presence of embryos after 9-10 days. Do not allow a sharp drop in air temperature. Chicks appear on the 27-28th day for one or two days. Humidity is maintained at 55%. After the chicks dry, they are transferred to a box, basket, box, pre-laying dry sawdust, chaff, straw on the bottom.
Install an additional heat source so that the ambient temperature at the level of the litter does not fall below 28 degrees and air humidity up to 80%.

Proper maintenance and care


In the first 20 days of life, ducklings need increased attention in respect of compliance with the temperature regime. If they are close to a duck, there is no need to worry about an additional source of heating - the duck itself is able to protect them from low temperatures. In the first week of life, the temperature should be maintained at a litter level of 27-30 degrees, in the second week - 23-26, in the third - 19-22. Then they get used to the natural temperature of the air. As mentioned earlier, the litter should be dry. Otherwise, ducklings freeze and get sick.

The length of daylight at the beginning of life should be at the level of 20 hours with a gradual decrease to 12 hours at one month of age.
Ducklings with a duck in the morning and in the afternoon let out walking after five days of age. In the evening, closed in a room with additional heating, if the air temperature below the above marks. And after three weeks of age, they can be left outside the premises around the clock.

The presence of the reservoir is very good for raising ducklings. With an adult bird they are released into the water after three weeks of life. Independently - after a month. You can keep ducklings in cages in the first two weeks. Then they are given more freedom. That is, partially walking. Monthly youngsters are transferred completely to the maintenance of walking.

How to feed ducklings: feed, mash and vitamins do it yourself

Feeding ducklings at home for beginners is simple. Youngsters quickly get used to getting food at one time. Therefore, do not have to teach them in addition to a specific diet. In ducklings growth and weight gain occurs quickly. At three weeks of age, it weighs about half a kilogram, after six weeks it weighs an average of one and a half kilograms, and in 2.5 months it can already be killed because the weight reaches two and a half kilograms.

But it is better to slaughter them before the onset of frost, since in summer and autumn the main ration of food for ducks is greenery and all that they find on the pond themselves. That is, you have to spend a little on food.

Feeding in the first days of life

Feeding ducks at home in the first week occurs 6-8 times during the day. We need to make a schedule, we begin to feed the ducklings early in the morning, as the last feeding begins to get dark. Finely crumbled boiled eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, other milk-based products are the main ration of ducklings during this period.
It is advisable to give food from narrow troughs, since wide dishes in the form of a brazier contribute to the fact that the ducklings simply trample the main mass of food. Drinking bowls should not be placed next to the food, as the latter quickly becomes wet, and the water - dirty.

The fact is that a duck is a waterfowl. At the very smallest age, she manifests an instinct to eat food that is either in the water, or to drink it immediately after falling into the beak. Thus, if you put the drinker away from food, the duckling, while it reaches the end of the meal to the drinker, will already swallow the bulk of it. Thus, it is possible to keep clean water. By the way, it is recommended to dilute a little potassium permanganate, but in such a dosage that he could not paint the water pink.

After five days, begin to prepare mash for ducklings from the above products with the addition of ground corn and wheat sack.
It is very important to always look for the freshness and purity of the water in the drinkers. Immunity in the chick is weak, and dirty water is the first source of infection.

What feeds should be given to individuals from one to three weeks?

What to feed small ducks at home? After a week of life, ducklings are taught to be green, because in the future it will become the main food in the diet of this bird. At this age, the duckling eats about 40 grams of various feeds. Gradually reduces the proportion of boiled eggs and dairy products, replacing them with large portions of wheat and corn sour. In the diet added feed of animal origin: fish and meat and bone meal.
By two weeks of age, the duckling needs about 60 grams per head. By this period, boiled egg, cottage cheese and other dairy products are completely excluded from the diet. Instead, they give more greenery. Ideal if it is a duckling. She is happy to eat this bird in almost unlimited quantities. This begins an intensive growth and weight gain.
We should not forget that the growing duck eats much less. After 20 days of age, ducklings are released into the pond with duck mother.
You can use the "dry" feeding, in which the basic ration will be purchased feed for ducklings. In this case, their growing will be more expensive, but the ducklings grow faster.
The mixes are prepared immediately before feeding the poultry, as the pre-cooked wet food quickly sours.

How should ducks eat from one month before slaughter?

How to feed the ducks at home in a month? Dirt of various grain crops, millet, meat and bone and fish meal, shells, chalk, sunflower oilcake, fodder yeast and greens - these are the components that make up the diet of young during this period of life.

In addition, grazing them on the pond diversifies food and reduces the cost of the content by about 2 times. The total part of the diet in the diet is 40%, greens - 30%. If the duck has the ability to eat duckweed, then the component of greenery in the diet increases one and a half times.

Bashkir color

meat of excellent quality, well adapted to the new conditions of detention, low fat content. Productivity is high. Black white-breasted: weight of an adult duck - 3-3,5 kg, drake - up to 4 kg. The meat is delicious. A distinctive feature of this breed is increased egg production - up to 130-140 eggs per year.

Moscow white:

The weight is the same as that of the black beaver. The meat is very tender and tasty. Egg production is high - up to 160 pieces per year. Gray Ukrainian: live weight of the drakes is 3-3.5 kg. Ducks - up to 3 kg. Egg production is very high and sometimes reaches 220 pieces per year. Among the meat-egg and egg breeds, the following can be noted.

Indian runner

- egg breed. Got its name because of its high mobility. Egg production and weight is similar to Khaki-Campbell. To taste the meat is like chicken.
To decide on the choice of breed, you need to decide for yourself for what purposes you undertake to breed them. Meat breeds weigh more, egg production is less, in meat-egg and egg breeds - on the contrary. White and French ducks are also good for growing.
Ducks are kept indoors or by walking. In the first case, they should feed more intensively due to mixed feed and low mobility of the bird.
The room should be well ventilated, moderately bright and warm. An adult duck tolerates winter well, but it is better that the room during this period does not fall below 5 degrees Celsius. On 1 square. m square bred 4 ducks.
Walking the path for this bird is better. But it depends on the ability to do such walking and the presence of a reservoir. In this case, it is better to divide the livestock into small groups of 10-15 heads, separating them with low partitions. From reservoirs shallow rivers and lakes are preferable. Rounds fenced low fence. They can be made adjacent to poultry houses, so that ducks can, if they wish, hide in a covered room.
Food is the same as for the young. Emphasis is placed on the grain crops and corn, with more corn in the composition. Do not give the ducks breadcrumbs, which adversely affects the poultry's digestive system.
It is also forbidden to give no fresh mash. In general, if there is a suspicion about the quality of the feed, it is better to refrain from feeding them the bird. Do not forget to give a green mass or let out for pasture on pasture, if not near the reservoir. If there are nearby rates or a lake - drive them there. On it, the ducks will find the bulk for their food.
If you feed the ducks with non-purchased feed, their composition may be as follows:
40% of the derti mixture of grain crops, of which at least half - corn,
30% green mass
10% grain waste
7% cake and meal,
7% animal feed,
6% shells, chalk, fodder yeast, vitamins, other mineral supplements.
It is very important to give the ducklings and adult ducks vitamins, especially in the autumn-winter and winter-spring period, when there is not enough sunshine and no greenery at all. If it is difficult to buy vitamins, you can use brewer's yeast, which contain a lot of proteins, carbohydrates and fiber.

There is nothing difficult in breeding ducks. The main thing at the initial stage of their cultivation is to be attentive to the feeding processes, to give balanced food and to find a place for walking and a reservoir for them. Then not only your family will be with tender and tasty meat, but you will also be able to more than cover the cost of maintaining this bird by selling surplus products.

See a detailed video about growing ducks, nuances and secrets.


A source

How to keep adult ducks at home?

An adult duck (drake) can weigh from three to four kilograms, depending on the breed. The most common breed of duck meat breeds.

  • Beijing: growing and gaining weight quickly, good tolerates winter. Two-month-olds have a live weight of about 2.5 kg. The adult duck is up to 3.5 kg, and the drake is up to 4 kg. Egg production - up to 110 eggs per year. The meat is delicious.
  • Bashkir color: meat of excellent quality, well adapted to the new conditions of detention, low fat content. Productivity is high.
  • Black white tits: the weight of an adult duck is 3-3.5 kg, the drake is up to 4 kg. The meat is delicious. A distinctive feature of this breed is increased egg production - up to 130-140 eggs per year.
  • Moscow white: The weight is the same as that of the black beaver. The meat is very tender and tasty. Egg production is high - up to 160 pieces per year.
  • Gray Ukrainian: the live weight of the drakes is 3-3.5 kg. Ducks - up to 3 kg. Egg production is very high and sometimes reaches 220 pieces per year.

Among the meat-egg and egg breeds, the following can be noted.

  • Khaki-Campbell - meat and egg breed ducks. Differs calm character. The average egg weight is 75 g, egg production is up to 330 pieces. The weight of the drake is up to 3 kg, the duck is up to 2.5 kg.
  • Indian runner - egg breed. Got its name because of its high mobility. Egg production and weight is similar to Khaki-Campbell. To taste the meat is like chicken.

To decide on the choice of breed, you need to decide for yourself for what purposes you undertake to breed them. Meat breeds weigh more, egg production is less, in meat-egg and egg breeds - on the contrary. White and French ducks are also good for growing.

Ducks are kept indoors or by walking. In the first case, they should feed more intensively due to mixed feed and low mobility of the bird.

The room should be well ventilated, moderately bright and warm. An adult duck tolerates winter well, but it is better that the room during this period does not fall below 5 degrees Celsius. On 1 square. m square bred 4 ducks.

Walking the path for this bird is better. But it depends on the ability to do such walking and the presence of a reservoir. In this case, it is better to divide the livestock into small groups of 10-15 heads, separating them with low partitions. From reservoirs shallow rivers and lakes are preferable. Rounds fenced low fence. They can be made adjacent to poultry houses, so that ducks can, if they wish, hide in a covered room.

Adult ducks walking by the pond

Food is the same as for the young. Emphasis is placed on the grain crops and corn, with more corn in the composition. Do not give the ducks breadcrumbs, which adversely affects the poultry's digestive system.

It is also forbidden to give no fresh mash. In general, if there is a suspicion about the quality of the feed, it is better to refrain from feeding them the bird. Do not forget to give a green mass or let out for pasture on pasture, if not near the reservoir. If there are nearby rates or a lake - drive them there. On it, the ducks will find the bulk for their food.

If you feed the ducks with non-purchased feed, their composition may be as follows:

  1. 40% of the derti mixture of grain crops, of which at least half - corn,
  2. 30% green mass
  3. 10% grain waste
  4. 7% cake and meal,
  5. 7% animal feed,
  6. 6% shells, chalk, fodder yeast, vitamins, other mineral supplements.

It is very important to give the ducklings and adult ducks vitamins, especially in the autumn-winter and winter-spring period, when sunlight is not enough, and there is no greenery at all. If it's difficult to buy vitamins, you can use brewer's yeast, which contain many proteins, carbohydrates and fiber.

В разведении уток нет ничего сложного. Главное на начальном этапе их выращивания быть внимательным к процессам кормления, давать сбалансированную пищу и найти для них место для выгула и водоем. Тогда не только ваша семья будет с нежным и вкусным мясом, но также сможете покрывать с лихвой затраты на содержание этой птицы, реализовав излишек продукции.

general information

Many experienced poultry farmers advise budding colleagues to start growing precisely ducks. Such a choice is fully justified. These birds completely unpretentious and undemandingYou can keep them in a small area, they do not need long walks. With proper care and maintenance, they can bestow a breeder with a large number of their products.

How to grow ducks at home? You need to know a few highlights:

  • Be sure to prepare duck spotsetting up a room for them. For the first time a plastic, plywood or cardboard box may be suitable for ducklings. It should not be lattice, otherwise the chicks can cripple.
  • Required choose the right breed. In this case, you need to focus on the climate and the purpose of breeding.
  • Keeping the ducks at home includes preparing feed, water and food containers, bedding, lighting, and temperature control.
  • It is necessary to implement measures for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Whatever the strong immunity in poultry, but without additional support, it can fall under the action of peddlers of infection and parasites.

All of these items should be considered in more detail.

Room preparation

Ducklings should be placed in small box. There they will live the first two weeks. Such a box should have high walls so that the chicks cannot get out of there. Also, small ventilation holes should be made. The box must be insulated using an incandescent lamp. The bottom must be covered with plastic wrap or oilcloth, and a thick layer of hay or sawdust is poured on top. You need to change litter every day.

For grown bird required pen or converted barn. Such a room must meet certain requirements.

The height of the walls should not be less than one meter. With regard to the area, then per 1 square meter should be placed five young individuals or three adult birds. To protect the house from rain or rodents, it is recommended to raise the floor by 25 cm. It is also necessary to provide ventilation, light and insulation of the room. The floor should be covered with a bed of hay or film.

Indoors must be installed water bowls and feeders. And you need to make sure that the birds could not turn them over. May also require:

The poultry breeder must be prepared for cold, the appearance of disease, the reduction of daylight.

Choice of young

Keeping the ducks provides the right breed for this. Before you buy chicks, need to pay attention to the following points:

  • healthy appetite
  • straight legs without any defects,
  • clean ass, without diarrhea,
  • dense and uniform down,
  • no clouding and over eyes
  • noise, curiosity and mobility.

If the chick does not meet at least one of these listed criteria, then you should not acquire it.

Also, you should decide on the choice of breed. If the purpose of growing - meat production, it is best to acquire blue or white peking ducks. They are the most unpretentious and very easy to care for them. This breed is characterized by a large weight - about 3-4 kg.

If the goal is getting eggs, it is best to acquire indian runners. Their weight rarely exceeds 2 kg, but egg production is at the proper level. During the season they are able to give about 200 eggs. To increase their productivity, Indian runners are often crossed with meat breeds, for example, Peking ducks.

Feeding and hygiene

Keeping the ducks and taking care of them provides proper nutrition. Due to this, their immunity is strengthened, their size and egg production increase, and the meat becomes very tasty.

The following components must be included in the diet of ducks:

  • wet mash,
  • mineral supplements
  • green food,
  • compound feed.

The last point should be considered in more detail, since the mixed fodder is the basis for feeding each duck, containing proteins, fats and carbohydrates. To cook it, you will need following ingredients:

  • barley,
  • seashells
  • premix
  • powdered milk,
  • salt,
  • fish or meat and bone meal,
  • fat,
  • sunflower meal,
  • corn,
  • wheat.

They should be mixed in a large container, then give the ducks. The rate of feed per day - 200 - 300 g per head. If you give it more, the bird will move and its meat will be too fat.

Winter and early spring Duck needs to be fed 3 times a day. In the morning and in the afternoon wet mash should be given, and in the evening - mixed feed. Summerwhen the poultry eats on the runs, feeding by day is canceled and transferred to two meals.

Growing ducks in the pen, you need to monitor its purity. The litter should be changed every day, otherwise there are quickly parasites and diseases, which almost instantly spread to the bird. If you keep the ducks without litters, then they start to get very cold, especially in cold nights.

Temperature conditions

Not many novice farmers know which temperature is optimal for growing ducks. In winter, it should not fall below + 5 ... +7 degrees, and ideally is 7 - 14 degrees. In summer, room temperature is considered the norm, but it should not exceed + 30 ... +35 degrees.

How can a beginning poultry farmer determine if the birds are too hot or cold if there are no thermometers or other gauges? Need to look at them behavior. If they nestle together and flock together, it means they are frozen. But if they have rapid breathing, they begin to spread their wings and drink a lot, then the birds are too hot.

These problems are solved as follows. If they are cold, then the room needs to be warmed, lay a warm bedding and provide them with warm water. If it is hot, then additional ventilation should be provided in the pen. It is also necessary to install additional drinkers with water, thanks to which the room will maintain a normal level of humidity.

Breeding ducks at home for beginners

Breeding of birds is closely related to their maintenance and breeding, but there are several points that need to be considered in more detail.

It is necessary to start with equipment for duck and ducklings. The width and height of the structure should be 50 cm. Such a nest is made in the calculation on three hens. To make it convenient for the bird to climb inside, they make a threshold 6–8 cm high at the entrance. The duck must be in comfortable conditions in the nest. It must be provided with light, heat, access to food and water, and most importantly, complete peace.

Ducks are good chicks, but with natural brooding, some of the chicks are necessarily lost. To minimize these losses, you can purchase a professional incubator, which is a box of arbitrary size, which is well insulated and has internal lighting. Eggs are laid into it, from which ducks are bred after some time.

Formation of parent flocks

For parental flocks, healthy birds of the same age and weight should be selected without any physical defects. On 5 - 8 females there should be one male.

Principles of selection:

  • the age of the birds should be 5 months
  • optimal weight in males - 3.3 kg, in females - 3 kg,
  • birds must be energetic and mobile,
  • you need to choose ducklings with strong bones and a well-developed body,
  • among them should not be hybrid individuals
  • the chicks should have passed the first molt.

Good egg production lasts for 3 to 4 years, after which the females need to be changed.

Parent flocks

In order for home breeding to be effective, they should be provided optimal conditions of detention:

  • light day should last at least 16 hours
  • you need to walk them after 10 am
  • the diet should be varied with mineral supplements,
  • the birds need to create a calm environment, eliminate too bright light and extraneous sounds,
  • litter in the nests need to be changed every day,
  • the temperature in the room should be + 18 ... +20 degrees.

Under poor conditions, birds can stop running. To restore normal egg production will have to spend a lot of time.

Hatching

Chicks hatch two ways - with natural incubation and incubation. In any case, the owner must choose a duck herd.

Before laying the eggs under the duck, they reveal a bird that is ready to hatch. It is not hard to find it: the future hen will spend quite a long time in the nest, with its paws and beak it rakes up straw under itself, and also plucks down the fluff and uses it to warm the box. There should be no more than 20 eggs per female.

Hatching nests should be much deeper than regular nests. They should be located in a quiet dark place so that the female is not afraid of loud noises.

If there are several hens, they should be separated from each other by thin wooden partitions. With a proper brooding, the ducklings appear after 35 days, and the Peking duck chicks after 28 days.

When the ducklings hatch, they are taken away from the brood hen, because she may accidentally crush some young. Once the kids are completely dry, you need to start the selection. Since not all hatched chicks are viable, the task of the farmer is to identify sick individuals and their destruction.

Healthy ducklings should have evenly colored fluff, a soft belly, shiny, bulging eyes and wings pressed to the body. Such chicks will develop quickly and correctly.

Thus, growing and breeding ducks at home is a fascinating and easy task. We will have to spend money only on the equipment of the house, as well as on the space for walking. With proper care, you can get a good income from the sale of duck meat.

Profitable breeds

Profitable breeds are considered more profitable breeds for obtaining large quantities of meat or eggs. Caring for ducks at home is simple, the bird breeds well and independently incubates its offspring. But in order to get maximum benefit from the duck farm, even a beginner needs to clearly know the characteristics of different breeds.

Profitable breeds:

  • Beijing,
  • indooot or musky,
  • Mulard
  • Moscow white,
  • Ukrainian.

Before you stop at a particular breed, you need to decide on the purpose of breeding animals - what the novice wants to get from the bird: meat, eggs and fluff, or just meat.

Peking duck

The breed is perfect for keeping newcomers. It is one of the most popular breeds for meat and eggs. The main advantage of this breed is its fecundity. From one bird you can get about 100 chicks per year.

Breed features:

  • the bird is unpretentious, weight gain is rapid,
  • at the age of 2 months, the duckling weighs 2.5 kg,
  • adults weigh from 3 to 4 kg.,
  • meat is hard and fat,
  • it is possible to get up to 150 eggs from the female.

Breed at the moment is the most common. That Peking duck is fundamental to the breeding of various meat breeds. For meat, ducklings are grown specially. They are sent for slaughter at the age of 2 months. It is not recommended to leave them longer. At this time they start shedding time and the future of the feather can damage the appearance of the carcass.

In addition, the duckling at this age begins to eat a lot, but in weight he no longer gains. And if during the growth of the chick the nutrition was balanced and the care was decent, in 2 months it will reach enough weight for slaughter.

Musk or Indoot

For small home farms, musky breed is perfect. It grows somewhat slower than Beijing. Weight 2.5 kg, they reach only 3.5 months. Their reproduction does not give the owner absolutely no problems. They do not make noise, do not fight and practically do not get sick at all.

The breed received its name for a characteristic growth on the head. Outwardly, it is very similar to a turkey. But actually they are two different species of birds and they are not related to each other. Although the bird slowly gains the desired weight, its merit is meat quality. It differs from other breeds in its composition. Lean meat, in its composition has a lot of nutrients and trace elements.

Breed features:

  • weight gaining a long time, for 3.5 months. The weight will be 3.5 kg
  • from one individual, you can get 70−120 eggs per year. This is considered a low indicator.
  • adult female has a weight of 3 kg, male 6 kg,
  • excellent quality meat, with a small amount of fat, tender and tasty.

The breed has its own peculiarity. This duck loves to fly, and this is the only breed that can do it. It can fly away quite far - up to 300 m. To prevent this from happening, in the spring she has her wings clipped. It will not bring harm to her, but will relieve from losses on a farm.

Breed Mulard

The breed was obtained from the crossing of Peking duck and Indoot. As a result, the hybrid received all the best qualities of the two breeds. They have excellent lean meat, they quickly gain weight. But the breed has a significant disadvantage. The breed is completely incapable of independent breeding. Therefore, it is recommended to keep it to those newcomers who are interested in getting meat, and not breeding the breed.

It is possible to get twice more meat from mulard than from Peking duck, even with the same diet. If you keep the mulard in a cramped cage, you can grow an individual with a valuable fatty liver to make foie gras.

Moscow white

The breed was bred recently. It is received from the Peking duck and hakikempbella. The breed has a long massive neck and a large beak. The main advantage of the breed can be called its meat. It tastes great, meat is the most tender of all breeds. The adult female reaches 3.5 kg in weight, the male is 4 kg.

Ukrainian breed

Representatives of this breed can be painted in different shades. Adult female weighs 2, 5 kg, male 3.5 kg. The main feature of the breed is its high egg production. From one female you can get up to 220 eggs per year.

Whatever breed a newbie chooses for content, he first needs to learn the content rules. And before you buy small ducklings, you should equip their place of residence, according to all the rules.

Content policy

To grow a duck for meat, you must follow the rules of the regime. Its productivity directly depends on compliance with the regime.

  • it is necessary to open the house at 10 am, not earlier. Until this time, the ducks should not be disturbed: as a rule, in the morning before this time they lay eggs. After that you should let them out for a walk,
  • after 5−6 hours they are driven to feeding,
  • after feeding, they again walk on the pond,
  • in the evening they are fed again
  • In a shed the bird is driven only for the night.

The bird quickly gets used to the regular schedule. Then she goes to feed herself in time and goes for a walk around the biological clock. In winter, birds also need to go for a walk. To do this, clear a special area and lay straw on the snow, the birds on it will not freeze the legs.

Arrangement of the house

Begin to equip ducklings corral should choose the right place. Corral is a place where birds will sleep and hide from frost. This may be a simple barn or a barn. The main criterion when choosing a duck house is its distance from the premises of at least 25 m. Otherwise, the neighbors may complain about the unpleasant smell from the farm.

But it is not necessary to allocate for the birds a barn. You can build a house on their own. Birds do not need space, so it is enough to build it in 1.5 m in height. You can build a house from any material. The main thing is that it is safe and environmentally friendly.

Utyatnik should be protected from drafts. In addition, there should be clean and dry. It is always necessary to keep clean and dry in a duckling. Otherwise, outbreaks of infectious diseases will begin. On the floor in the house should be put pieces of wood or clay.

The size of the house should be calculated as follows: for 1 square. m should populate 3 adult duck representative. How many ducks are planned to live in the house depends directly on its size. Ducks do not need the equipment of additional perches. They can be perfectly on the floor all the time. Therefore, it is much easier to care for them than for other birds, even if there are many of them in the house.

The maintenance of ducks in winter at home is a little more complicated, since it is necessary to pay attention to the temperature and ventilation in the houses.

Content in winter

Usually each novice farmer is interested in the question of how to keep ducks in winter. At first glance, the occupation is not easy. The most important thing in winter maintenance is to properly equip the bird house, if done correctly, they will winter well without loss.

In winter, the air temperature in the house should not be below 0 degrees. In addition, you should think about the ventilation system in the house. A simple window leaf is best suited, it will allow to ventilate the room while birds are walking.

In winter, the duck is almost always in the house, so its daylight hours need to be supported by additional lighting up to 12-14 hours per day. Otherwise, if it does not provide sufficient daylight, the duck will not carry eggs and its vital activity will significantly decrease.

Птичник должен быть построен минимум на 20 см выше от поверхности земли. Это необходимо сделать для того, чтобы в жилище птиц не проникали мелкие грызуны. В противном случае они могут сильно навредить птицам. На пол следует стелить опилки. Зимой слой опилок нужно сделать в 40 см. So in winter, a duck can burrow into sawdust and warm up.

In summer, litter can be removed completely or make a thin layer. Clean the house once a week - this will be quite enough.

In the house you can keep other birds. These can be chickens or turkeys. But in this case, the males will need to be separated by a septum 70 cm tall. Otherwise, the males will fight each other.

Cell content ducks - that's all. An important role in the correct content is played by regular walks.

Swimming and bathing area

Growing a bird will be much easier and cheaper if the animal walks outside the cage. The bird will be able to obtain additional feed. This way of feeding the ducks was adopted from wild fellows. A bird that moves a lot will never be obese.

If there is a possibility, a place for walking and swimming in the pond, it contributes to the growth of the muscles of the animal, as well as proper digestion and vitality of the bird. To the birds could not swim into the pond, you should protect it around the perimeter. In addition to walking, the duck must be provided with a balanced diet.

Proper diet

A duck of any breed will be profitable if you provide it with a proper balanced diet.

Duck must provide:

  • feed,
  • fresh grass
  • various mineral supplements
  • wet mash.

Compound feed does not necessarily buy ready-made in the store. You can cook it yourself. This will require: milk powder, fat and bone meal, wheat, corn and barley.

Feeding the ducks should be so that one representative eats a certain amount of food at a time. It’s not worth feeding in, otherwise the duck will be obese and the meat will be very fat as a result.

When there is no grass, the duck should be fed 3 times a day. In the morning it is advisable to give them wet mash, for lunch and in the evening feed.

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